German Expressionism in Cinema by yurtgc548

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									        German Expressionism in
               Cinema
           Presentation by Chris Schloemp


Source: http://icg.harvard.edu/~fc76/handouts/3__Expressionist_Cinema.html
         Artistic Background
• Any work of art in which the representation
  of reality is distorted in order to convey an
  inner vision
• An avant-garde strain of modernism
• In painting, expressionism opposes
  impressionism
• In literature, it opposes naturalism
      What is Expressionism?
• Seeks the essence of things, rather than the
  way things appear
• Seeks an object’s most expressive aspect
• Reality is entirely the creation of minds and
  wills
• Characters are bearers of ideas
• Messianic call for a new man
        Key Features of German
         Expressionistic Film
•   Chiaroscuro (dark/light)
•   Predilection for the studio
•   Emphasis on shapes, forms, and patterns
•   Tendency towards abstraction
•   Distortion, angularity, extreme verticals
•   Hypnotic and nightmarish worlds
      Obsession With Doubles
• Harmless semblance and more sinister
  counterpart
• Constant play with artifice and illusion
• World of fakes, frauds, simulations, and
  shape-shifters
           Stylized Acting
• Highly gesticulatory
• Characters sometimes become functions of
  set design and architecture
• Fervent, often histrionic
         Meta-filmic aspects
• Films about films and film-making
• Narratives involve framing devices(eg
  mattes)
• Themes of seeing and creation
• Characters who arrange scenes (mise-en-
  scene)
        Key Films (1919-1924)
•   From Morning to Midnight(1920)
•   Genuine(1920)
•   The House of the Moon(1920)
•   Torgus(1920)
•   Raskolnikov(1923)
•   Waxworks(1924)
Nosferatu
    The
Cabinet of
Dr. Caligari
Metropolis

								
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