VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 129 POSTED ON: 6/30/2012
Unit 8 Fourteen Steps Hal Manwaring Lesson 1: Contents 1 Word Study 2 Background 3 Warm-up Word Study Pronunciation Meaning & Use Derivation Differentiation Expansion Meaning & Use Split-level Townhouse Meaning & Use Split-level Room Meaning & Use Hobble 跛行 Tina was ~ing around on crutches. Johnson was still ~d slightly by an ankle injury. Differentiation Hobble: <v./n.> walk in an awkward way with small steps, esp because one’s foot is injured Cripple: <n./v.> a physical disability or a serious permanent injury Crutch T字形拐杖 Meaning & Use Gusty winds 阵阵大风 I don't want to go out in this ~ day. It is blowing a gale. Slash The rain ~ed against the window. Sweep The storm swept the region. (席卷全区) Meaning & Use Blowout: a flat tyre On the way back home, we had a ~. Jack Horn→ Meaning & Use Bang Jerk 急刹 The bus ~ed to a stop. Slick The road was ~ with ice. Thump Sweep A huge wave swept over Honk the deck. Fumble She is ~ing the light Clank switch Meaning & Use Peninsula 半岛 Word Expansion prairie basin plain oasis iceberg landform delta s glacier gulf gorge marsh plateau Word Derivation V. paralyze jerk sweep N. paralysis jerk sweep A. paralytic jerky sweeping V. slacken penetrate gust N. slackness/slack penetration gust A. slack penetrating gusty penetrative Word Derivation V. slick disillusion afflict N. affliction slick/slicker disillusionment A. slick disillusioned afflictive V. install slash thump N. installation slash thump V. honk tilt fumble N. honk tilt fumble Word Derivation V. overflow cripple jack N. overflow cripple jack N. peninsula enormity indifference A. peninsular enormous indifferent N. prophet sanity frailty A. prophetic sane frail N. frustration awfulness clank A. frustrated awful <v.> clank Word Differentiation Installation vs. Installment We agreed to pay for the car in __________. installments Do you have to pay extra for _________? installation The novel has been serialized for radio in five ___________. installments The Americans still have several military bases and __________ on the island. installations (=military base) Word Differentiation Hobble vs. Cripple Some of the runners could only manage to ________ over the finishing line. hobble I hurt my foot while getting off the bus, and had to __________ home. hobble The driver ________ around on crutches hobbled for a month after the accident. The accident _______ him for life. crippled Word Differentiation Jerk vs. Jack Once the tourists arrive, the restaurants ______ up their prices. jack The car made a strange noise and then _______ to a halt. jerked The alarm went off and he woke up with a ______. jerk You need a car ______ in order to change jack a wheel. Do you know how to ______ up the car? jack Word Differentiation Slacken vs. Slash ______ He stooped to pick it up, without slacken his pace. The pace of trading _______ during the slackened winter months. She tried to commit suicide by _______ slashing her wrist. Most people _________ off/up at the end slacken of a day’s work. The museum was broken into last night and several paintings were ________. slashed Word Differentiation Thump vs. Thumb She stood outside his room, her heart thumping __________. We _________ a lift to London. thumbed He ________ on the door but nobody thumped came. If he does that again I’m going to give him a _________. thump So it’s the ________ up for Brighton’s thumbs latest night club. Word Differentiation Fumble vs. Tumble She _______ about in her handbag, fumbled looking for her key. ______ I lost my footing andtumbled down the stairs. He lost his balance and _______ over. tumbled ________ They fumbled around/about in the dark, trying to find their way out of the cinema. Word Differentiation Honk vs. Horn The driver sounded his ______ when the horn child stepped in front of the car. He gave us a ______ on his horn as he honk drove off. The driver blew/honked (infml.) her ________. horn He _______ his ______ as he went past. honked horn Word Differentiation Gusty vs. Ghastly The forecast was for ______ winds and gusty rain. Today’s newspaper gives all the _______ ghastly details of the murder. It was all a _________ mistake. ghastly A sudden gust of wind blew his umbrella inside out. Winds gusting to 50 mph brought down power cables. Synonyms & Antonyms inclined (a .) (syn) likely, apt, prone (anto) disinclined disillusioned (a.) (syn) disenchanted (anto) illusioned Synonyms & Antonyms frail (a.) (syn) weak, feeble; fragile, delicate (anto) strong, robust, vigorous indifference (n.) (syn) unconcern, disinterest, apathy (anto) interest, concern, empathy Synonyms & Antonyms afflict (v.) (syn) torture, agitate sanity (n.) (anto) insanity selfish (a.) (anto) unselfish Background Info Can you name some common disabilities? 失明 Blindness 失聪/听觉障碍 Deafness (hearing impairment) 抑郁症 Depression Learning Disability 学习障碍 Communication disorders 沟通障碍症 Attention Deficit 注意力缺陷 Hyperactivity Disorder 多动症 Background Info Dwarfism 侏儒症 Dyslexia 诵读困难 Epilepsy 癫痫 Motor disabilities 运动机能障碍 Muscular Dystrophy (MD) 肌肉萎缩症 Autism 自闭症 Down Syndrome唐氏综合症 A Global Picture 1. What is the main idea of the text? 2. What are the writer’s “three lives”? What was the turning point of each life? 3. How many parts can Text I be divided into? What is each part about? Theme Life’s value lies not only in one’s struggle against adversity, but also in one’s readiness to help others. Structural Analysis Part 1 (para.1-2): The author’s first life Phase 1: a hard struggle Phase 2: “a pleasant dream” Part 2 (para.3-5): The author’s second life—a life afflicted by the disease and with the yardstick of 14 steps Structural Analysis Part 3 (para.6-8): The beginning of the author’s third life—having a flat tire on a stormy night taught him a most unforgettable lesson in life Part 4 (para9-10): (conclusion) The author’s reflection on the incident and his life philosophy, from which he discovered the true value of life. We can do no great things, only small things with great love. Thank you. To be continued Lesson Two: A Close Reading 1 Comprehension 2 Language Work 3 Difficult Sentences 4 Appreciation Part I (para. 1—2) “My” first life fell into two phases—a hard struggle to make a living because of Father’s early death, and then “a pleasant dream” about happy married life. Comprehension Check 1. When was the period of time the author considered happiest in his life? 2. When was his first life ended? Language Work 1. They say a cat has nine lives, and I am inclined to think that possible since I am now living my third life and I’m not even a cat. (para. 1) A cat has nine lives.: Cats can survive things that are severe enough to kill them. be inclined to: to be likely or tend to Middle-class victims are more ~d to contact the police. Expansion Idioms about “cat” let the cat out of the bag: 泄露秘密 like a cat on hot bricks (hot tin roof): 象热锅上的蚂蚁 as weak as a cat: 身体非常虚弱 a cat in the pan: 叛徒 to rain cats and dogs: 倾盆大雨 to agree like cats and dogs: 完全合不来 to see how the cat jumps: 见风使舵, 随机应变 to watch sb. as a cat watches a mouse: 死死盯着某人 to put / set the cat among the pigeons: 引起麻烦 Expansion Proverbs about “cat” A cat in gloves catches no mice. 四肢不勤 / 一事无成。 Has the cat got your tongue? 为什么不吭声? That’s like putting the cat near the goldfish bowl. 引狼入 室 The cat did it. 不是我干的 (推脱责任) The cat shuts its eyes when stealing cream. 掩耳盗铃。 The scalded cat fears cold water. 挨过烫的猫连冷水都怕。 When the cat’s away, the mice will play. 猫儿不在,老鼠乐坏。(大王外出,小鬼跳梁) There’s more than one way to skin a cat. 有多种途径可 以达到目的。 Sentence Highlight … and I am inclined to think that possible since I am now living my third life and I’m not even a cat. (para. 1) …and I tend to believe that the proverb tells the truth, because I’m living my third life now even if I am not a cat. Language Work care for (para.1): If you care for someone or something, you look after them and keep them in a good state or condition. Expansion If you care for someone, you feel a lot of affection for them. If you care about something, you feel that it is important and are concerned about it. Language Work 2. As the children grew up, they married, leaving only one sister and myself to support and care for Mother, who became paralyzed in her last years and died while still in her 60s. (para. 1) paralyze: to make unable to move or act Many of the greatest artists in history were ~d from neck below. To fear in such circumstances is understandable, provided that fear does not ~ us with inaction. Language Work I had a good job in San Jose and a beautiful home up the peninsula in San Carlos. (para.2) San Jose (/ˌsænhoʊˈzeɪ/) (meaning St. Joseph in Spanish) or San José is the third-largest city in California and the tenth-largest in the United States. Language Work I had a good job in San Jose and a beautiful home up the peninsula in San Carlos. (para.2) San Carlos is a city in California, USA on the San Francisco Peninsula, about halfway between San Francisco and San Jose. Up: towards the north or a more important place e.g. On Tuesday she’ll be traveling up to Newcastle from Birmingham. Language Work 3. I became afflicted with a slowly progressive disease of the motor nerves, affecting first my right arm and leg, and then my other side. (para. 2) afflict v. --The old man was ~ed with blindness / arthritis / gout, etc progressive: adj. --For example, ~ muscular relaxation has been shown to help promote sleep. Sentence Highlight 3. I became afflicted with a slowly progressive disease of the motor nerves, affecting first my right arm and leg, and then my other side. (para. 2) I suffered from the disease that affects my motor nerves, and is becoming more and more severe in slow pace. Part II (para. 3—5) In “my” second life, “I” fought a hard battle against a disease progressively damaging “my” motor nerves, and “my” success was measured by the 14 steps at home. Comprehension check 1. What was the author most afraid of after he was afflicted with a disease? 2. How did the author view the 14 steps? 3. Why does the writer called himself a bitterly disillusioned cripple? Do you agree? Language Work 1. I managed to keep my health and optimism, to a degree, because of 14 steps. (para. 3) to a degree: to some / a certain extent, in a limited way, partly Paraphrase In a way, the daily exercise of climbing the 14 steps helped me retain my physical strength, which in turn made me keep my positive outlook on life and thus could continue living. Language Work 2. Our home was a split-level affair with 14 steps leading up from the garage to the kitchen door. (para. 4) affair: [C] an object or a contrivance (esp. when you want to direct others’ attention to a particular feature) --Martin’s bed was an iron affair with brass knobs. Paraphrase Our home was a house with floors of different heights in different parts. There were 14 steps connecting the garage with the kitchen door. Illustration a split-level house Language Work 3.Those steps were a gauge of life. (para.4) Gauge = gage: a device for measuring the amount or size of sth a fuel/rain/temperature gauge The fact that the play has transferred to New York is a ~ of its success. (=a way of judging) Language Work They are my yardstick, my challenge to continue living. (para. 4) yardstick: n. a standard for comparison --The best ~ was to measure traffic against the 2008 figures. --He continues to say that is the fundamental ~ of our nation's economic success. --We don’t have a common ~ by which to compare the two cases. Synonyms: criterion; standard Language Work 4. I would be through—I could then admit defeat and lie down and die. (para. 4) through: adj. completed, finished (especially applied to sth. that you will never do again) Training as a marriage counsellor would guarantee her some employment once her schooling was through. Sean is happy to announce that he is through with his duties in Hong Kong and is now in Beijing to stay. Language Work 5. You might think that here walked a man of courage and strength. (para. 5) Paraphrase: You might think I am a courageous and strong-minded man. Language Work 6. Here hobbled a bitterly disillusioned cripple, a man who held on to his sanity and… (para. 5) disillusion: v. to free or deprive of illusion 醒悟；幻想 破碎 He has got increasingly ~ed with Brown's stance on Iraq. hold on to: to continue to believe in a belief, idea or principle even if others try to influence you or circumstances cause you to doubt it He was imprisoned for 20 years yet held on to his belief in his people. Language Work 6. Here hobbled a bitterly disillusioned cripple, a man who held on to his sanity and… (para. 5) Paraphrase: Here walked a sad man with little hope for his future, and everything he owned at that time (his home, his job, his wife and his normal life) depended on his painful effort to climb these 14 steps. Part III (para. 6—8) “I” had a flat tire on a stormy night, and a blind old man and his granddaughter gave “me” timely help. Comprehension check 1. What had happened on a dark night in August 1971? 2. Why did the author dismiss the thought at once that anyone would offer help at the moment? 3. How did the writer feel when the man and the little girl were working in the storm? Comprehension check 4. Was there any hint that indicates something unusual about the man? 5. Why did the old man refuse to accept the writer’s payment? 6. When did the author realize that the old man was blind? Language Work 1. …gusty wind and slashing rain beat down on the car as I drove slowly down one of the less-traveled roads. (para. 6) gusty: adj. (of wind) very strong and irregular --Weather forecasts predict more hot weather, ~ winds and lightning strikes. slash: v. to whip viciously, lash -- a ~ing hailstorm 猛烈的冰雹 a ~ing rain 一阵倾盆大雨 steer v. to control (the direction of) 掌舵，控制(方向) --I’m an expert on ~ing. --She has ~ed the company away from financial ruin. Language Work 1. …gusty wind and slashing rain beat down on the car as I drove slowly down one of the less-traveled roads. (para. 6) Paraphrase: The strong wind and dashing rain lashed on the car when I drove slowly down one of the roads where traffic was light. Language Work 2. I fought the car to stop on the rain-slick shoulder of the road and sat there as the enormity of the situation swept over me. (para. 6) enormity n. great wickedness; immense size --It’s difficult to grasp the sheer ~ of the tragedy. slick: adj. slippery --the sidewalks ~ with ice Paraphrase: I managed to pull over the car on the slippery edge of the road, gripped by the seriousness and helplessness of the situation. Illustration road shoulder road with a wide shoulder Language Work 3. I started the engine and thumped slowly along, keeping well over on the shoulder until I came to the dirt road. (para. 6) thump: If you ~ something somewhere or if it ~s there, it makes a loud, dull sound by hitting something else. She dashed out through the door, her stockinged feet ~ing softly as she ran up the stairs. Language Work 4. I rolled down the window and called out that I had a flat tire and needed someone to change it form me because I had a crutch and couldn’t do it myself. (para. 7) a flat tire: (Br E: flat tyre) a deflated pneumatic tire Paraphrase of the underlined part: …I shouted that my tire had no enough air and needed changing Illustration: a flat tire Illustration crutch (pl. ~es) Language Work I sat there comfortable and dry,… (para.7) Verb + Adjective sit; stand; lie (the state sb./sth. is in) The principle stands good even in relations between organizations. The farmer lay quiet in the shadow of the tree. The children sat bolt upright, waiting for the teacher to dismiss the class. Language Work Verb + Adjective be; seem; appear; look; sound; taste; feel; smell (usu. as link verbs) The question appears sudden. A question suddenly appeared in the calculation. The floor feels rough. The butcher felt the edge of the knife carefully. The medicine tastes bitter. The girl tasted the medicine unwillingly. Language Work Verb + Adjective become; fall; get; go; turn (the change of the subject from one state to another) It’s becoming much more expensive to travel abroad. The room fell quiet all at once. He went red with embarrassment. Her hair has turned grey. Fish soon goes bad in hot weather. Language Work …I rolled down the window all the way to watch (para.7) All the way: from the beginning to the end Since she is as light as a feather, I had no problem in carrying her all the way to the hospital. Prices vary all the way from $50 to $500. I’m with you all the way. He ran like greased lightning all the way from the starting gate to the finishing line. Language Work 5. She was answered by the murmur of the man’s lower voice and the slow tilting of the car as it was jacked up. (para. 7) tilt: v. to (cause to) slope or slant --The dentist ~ed the mirror, inspecting my teeth. Paraphrase: The old man answered her in a low voice. And then the body of the car sloped slowly when it was lifted by a jack. Illustration jack-handles Language Work 6. There followed a long interval of noises, jolts and low conversation from the back of the car, but finally it was done. (para. 7) interval: [C] space or time in between --The train leaves at an ~ of 30 minutes. --It rained at intervals this week. Paraphrase of the underlined part: There was a long time between noise and shaking, low voice of talking… Language Work 7. He was an old man, stooped and frail-looking under his slicker. (para. 8) Paraphrase: He was an old man, whose back was bowed with age, and looked very weak in his raincoat. Illustration slicker Illustration bolts Language Work 8. This is a bad night for car trouble, but you’re all set now. (para. 8) be set: be ready, be prepared We are set to leave early tomorrow morning. Paraphrase of the underlined part: …you are ready to move on now. Part IV (para. 9—10) To live a meaningful life, a disabled person should not only try hard to keep his/her own optimism but also take pains to help others in his/her limited way. Comprehension check 1. How did the writer react to the girl’s words? 2. What did the author learn from the auto- repair incident? 3. How did the writer re- evaluate the 14 steps? Language Work 1. In the next few frozen seconds the shame and horror of that moment penetrated and I was sick with an intensity I had never felt before. (para. 9) intensity: n. exceptionally great concentration, power or force --to go mad at the ~ of one’s grief Paraphrase: In the following few seemingly never-ending seconds, I was overwhelmed by shame and horror I’d never experienced before. / In the next few seconds I was filled with such great shame and horror that I was speechless. I had never been so sick about what I had done before. Language Work 2. I realized that I was filled to overflowing with self- pity, selfishness, indifference to the needs of others and thoughtlessness. (para. 9) overflow with: to be very full of --a heart ~ing with gratitude --Kerry handed me a glass ~ing with wine, trying not to let it to spill on the carpet. thoughtlessness: inconsideration, carelessness Paraphrase: I used to be selfish and lacking in interest in helping others. Language Work 3. …this Scriptural admonition is more than just a passage in the Bible. (para. 10) admonition: mild, kind, yet earnest reproof (here an admonishing act) Paraphrase: This advice from the Bible is no just a chapter in the book. Language Work 5. Someday, perhaps, I will change a tire for a blind man in a car—someone as blind as I had been. (para. 10) What is your understanding of the two “blind” s here? Homework Presentation Topic Do you believe in power of belief? Please illustrate your point with examples. There is more happiness in giving than in receiving. Thank you. To be continued. Lesson Three: Contents 1 Duty Report 2 Vocabulary 3 Translation 4 Exercises Proverbs concerning Animals Dog Dog doesn’t eat dog. 虎毒不食子。 To help a lame dog over a stile 雪中送炭。 Rat A rat in a hole 瓮中之鳖。 As wet as a drowned rat 湿如落汤鸡。 Lion To beard the lion in his den. 太岁头上动土。 A lion in the way 拦路虎 Proverbs concerning Animals Fish Never offer to teach fish to swim 切莫班门弄斧。 Fish begin to stink at the head. 久住招人嫌。 Horse To put the cart before the horse. 本末倒置。 Never swap horse while crossing the stream. Pig 渡到河中别换马。 Pigs love that lie together. 臭味相投。 Teach a pig to play on a flute. 对牛弹琴。 Interesting Numbers It’s a public relations office, a press office and a private office all in one. 三位一体 And no, Bill, I wasn’t talking about sex --- you’ve got a one-track mind! 单一思维 You can’t put all the blame on him. It takes two to make a marriage. 一个巴掌拍不响 Are you sure he’s not two-timing you? 欺骗 Four-letter words are often edited out of films before they are shown on television. The old man gave the thief a bunch of fives. Interesting Numbers “I’m tired!” “That makes two of us!” Me too. John an Helen make a nice twosome, don’t you think? 天生一对 There’s no point worrying about it --- we’ll both be six feet under by then. Be buried He’s in his seventh heaven when he’s watching football. 快活似神仙 The characters in his novels are always three-dimensional. Lifelike The doorbell rang and there was Chris, all dressed up to the nines. 盛装 Bible and the Scriptural Admonitions The Bible The Bible is a collection of religious writings comprising two parts： the Old Testament: about God and the Laws of God the New Testament about the doctrine of Jesus Christ The word "Testament" means "agreement" 一namely，the agreement between God and Man． The Old Testament The Old Testament consists of 39 books， the oldest and most important of which are the first five books，called Pentateuch. The Pentateuch（五经） Genesis 《创世纪》 Exodus 《出埃及记》 Leviticus 《利未记》 Numbers 《民数记》 Deuteronomy 《申命记》 Parable from the Bible A parable is a simple story illustrating a moral or religious lesson. Jesus once said: You shall not kill. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness. Honor your father and mother. You shall love your neighbor as yourself. Some Parables Told by Jesus Christ Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? A sound tree cannot bear evil fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God. Words in Focus: invalid 1. An ________ is someone who needs to be cared for invalid because they have an illness or disability. (n.) 2. An _______ argument or conclusion is wrong because it invalid is based on a mistake, while a _______ one is based on valid sensible reasoning. 3. If a document is ________, it cannot be accepted, invalid because it breaks the law or some official rule. 4. To invalidate a conclusion means to prove that it is ________ wrong. invalidity 5. The document proved the _________ of the marriage ceremony. 6. Shocked by the results of the elections, they now want to challenge the validity _________ of the vote. Words in Focus: incline 1. I ________ to the view that she is right. (v.) incline 2. I ______________ believe that he supports the plan. am inclined to (passive form) 3. Young people seem more _______ to save money than inclined their parents. (adj.) 4. Someone who is artistically _________ has a natural inclined talent for art. 5. The military government has shown little ___________ inclination to restore democracy. (n.) 6. People with artistic _____________ are encouraged to inclinations illustrate their writing. (n. a natural tendency to behave in a particular way or have a particular interest) Words in Focus: paralyze ___________ 1. If someone is paralyzed by an accident or an illness, they have no feeling in their body, or in part of their body, and are unable to move. (v.) ____________ 2. If an organization is paralyzed by something, it becomes unable to function properly. Paralysis 3. _________ is the loss of the ability to move and feel in all or part of one’s body, or the state of being unable to function properly. paralytic 4. We were able to reverse _________ disease in laboratory animals. (adj. suffering from or related to paralysis) Words in Focus: disillusion disillusions 1. If a person or something ___________ you, they make you realize that something is not as good as you thought. Disillusion 2. __________ (or disillusionment ) is the disappointment _____________ that you feel when you discover that something is not as good as you had expected or thought. 3. As she grew older, Laura grew increasingly ____________ with politics. (adj.) disillusioned illusion 4. An ________ is a false idea or belief. illusory 5. Something ________ seems true or possible, but in fact is false or impossible. Words in Focus pull out pull in pull over pull up pulls in 1. When a vehicle or driver _____________ somewhere, the vehicle stops there. pulls up 2. When a vehicle or driver ____________, the vehicle slows down and stops. pulls over 3. When a vehicle or driver _____________, the vehicle moves closer to the side of the road and stops there. pulls out 4. When a vehicle or driver _____________, the vehicle moves out into the road or nearer the centre of the road. Translation disillusion I hate/I’m sorry to ~ you, but traveling in Tibet is not always wonderful --- I was sick every day for two weeks. 我实在不愿把实情告诉你，但是…… He’s very ~ed at the government’s handling of the economy. 对……感到非常失望/不再抱有幻想 If the king had hoped for peace, he was to be sadly ~ed. Translation 我实在不愿把实 I hate to disillusion 情告诉你，但并 you, but not 非人人都像你那 everyone is as honest 样诚实。 as you. 我不久便对这个 I soon became 计划不再抱幻想 disillusioned with the 了。 plan. 我实在不愿把实 I hate to illusion you, 情告诉你，但是 but his real reason 他帮助你的真正 for helping you was 原因是为了得到 that he was after 你的钱。 your money. Translation Penetrate The dust had ~d to all corners of the room. She could penetrate what I was thinking. 她能懂得我在想什么。 The sunshine could not penetrate where the trees were thickest. 阳光不能透入树木最浓密的地方。 He had a false beard on, but we soon ~d his disguise. Translation 雨水透过了她的衣服 The rain had 渗进皮肤。 penetrated right through her clothes to 战争波及到了全国国 her skin. 民生活的各个领域。 The war penetrates 今年这家公司一直试 every area of the 图打入新的海外市场。 nation’s life. This year the company None of my has been trying to advice seems to penetrate new have ~d his thick overseas markets. skull. 他那木瓜脑袋似乎一点也听不 进我的劝告。 Translation be inclined to Some people are ~ to jump to hasty conclusions. I’m half ~ to believe you. They’ll be more ~ to listen if you don’t shout. He writes only when he feels ~ to. Translation 她愿意相信他。 She was inclined to 他喜欢偷懒。 trust him. 我倾向于同意 He is inclined to be 你的观点。 lazy. 最近物价很可 I’m inclined to agree 能上涨。 with you. 我倾向于相信 Prices are inclined to 与传说相反之 rise recently. 事。 I’m inclined to believe the counter of what was said. Translation with the aid of He was breathing only with the ~ of a ventilator/an oxygen mask. He gets about with the ~ of a walking stick. The refugees could survive with the ~ of the Red Cross charity. The students from the poverty-stricken area could continue their education with the ~ of the fund. Translation to a degree Most pop music is influenced, to a ~ , by the blues. I think that’s true to a ~, but the situation is not quite so simple. The boss sometimes follows his instinct to a dangerous ~. To what ~ can parents be held responsible for a child’s behavior? Translation hold on to Hold onto the rope and don’t let go. The drowning man struggled to ~ on to a piece of plank. We should ~ on to the house and sell it later when prices are higher. She took an early lead in the race and held onto it for nine laps. The old lady had only her religion to ~ onto when all her family had gone. Translation 风太大了，我一路上不得不用手抓着帽子。 It was so windy that I had to ~ on to my hat all the way along the street. 把票拿好，一会用得着。 Hold on to your ticket --- you’ll need it later. 我能把这本书再留一周吗？ Can I ~ on to this book for another week? Translation be all set I’m all ~, so we can go now. Are you all ~ for the journey? She seems ~ on/upon marrying him. I was all ~ to leave the house when the telephone rang. The starter of a race often says: “On your marks --- get set --- go!” Translation lead up to A row of lights ~s visitors up to the front door. His flattering words led up to a request for money. The newspapers faithfully reported the events that led up to the Minister’s dismissal. In the months ~ing up to the great ceremony, many people took part in the preparations. Translation 你觉得他接下来会说些什么？ What do you suppose he’s ~ing up to? 哪条路能通向山顶？ Which path will ~ us up to the top of the hill? 你所说的一切表明这个人就是个白痴。 All you have said leads up to the fact that the man is an idiot. Translation peer at / through / into He ~ed at me over the top of his glasses. Even after ~ing at the letter, I still could not recognize the signature. Excuse me for ~ing at you, but you are so like my cousin. There’s a hole in the wall where you can ~ through. The driver was ~ing into the distance trying to read the road sign. Translation overflow with The streets were ~ing with the crowds. The pan ~ed with boiling milk. The room is ~ing with books. Her heart ~ed with love/gratitude. They were ~ing with emotion at the birth of their baby. Translation 1. 你有义务照顾她 (care) You are under obligation to care for her. 2. 他晚年饱受疾病和贫困的折磨。(afflict) He was afflicted with the illness and poverty in his later years. 3. 我工作一做完就来找你们. (through) As soon as I get through with my work I'll join you. 4. 患近视的人不戴眼镜时常常眯起眼睛看人。 (peer) Near-sighted people often peer at you when they are not wearing their glasses. Translation 5.他的生意日渐清淡。 (slacken) His business begins to slacken. 工作完成前别松劲。 Don't slacken your efforts till the work is done. 6. 他们每隔4小时记录一次温度。(interval) They recorded the temperature at intervals of 4 hours. Rain fell at intervals throughout the night. 雨断断续续地下了一整夜。 Textbook Exercises Grammar Exercises (pp. 110—111) Integrated Skills (II) (pp. 111—112) What does the word “but” mean? I never go past my old school but I think of the old schoolmaster. I could not choose but go. 我不得不去。 Nothing but disaster would come from such a plan. There was never a new theory but someone objected to it. 一……总会/就 He is not such a fool but he knows this. 他尽管笨，这个还是知道的。 No one is so old but that he may learn. What does the word “but” mean? I don’t doubt but you are surprised. =that I don’t question but you are correct. Things will get into a mess but you will go there. 只有……才能/除非……否则 He was all but killed. 他几乎被打死。 I have written all my letters but one.只差一封 He is anything but a scholar. 绝非，一点也不 It is nothing but a joke. 不过是 There is no student but like Professor Wang. =there is no student that does not like… Differentiation torture vs afflict weak vs frail enter vs penetrate jump, leap vs leap torture vs afflict Torture implies the unbearable pain or suffering, either physically or mentally. -- Shocking and detailed accounts have emerged of how the detainee was tortured to death the prison guards. Afflict applies to the causing of any pain or suffering or of acute annoyance, embarrassment, or any distress. (anto: comfort) --The old man was afflicted with arthritis. （患关节炎） -- Severe drought has afflicted the countryside.（受害） weak vs frail Both adjectives can mean “not strong enough to endure strain, pressure, or strenuous effort”. Weak, the broader one, basically implies a lack or inferiority of physical, mental, or moral strength --a weak muscle / mind / character/ foundation/ excuse Frail suggests an inherent or constitutional delicacy or weakness, so as to be easily broken or shattered --a frail body / conscience --It seemed impossible that these frail boats could survive in such a storm. enter vs penetrate Enter is the more general of the two. It may imply either going in or forcing a way in. --I saw him enter the room and unlock the drawer. Penetrate carries a strong implication of an impelling force or compelling power that achieves entrance. --This fungus has the ability to penetrate deep into the center of large trees. --The headlamps penetrated the fog. --Nothing we say penetrates his thick skull! 无论我们说什麽他都不懂。 jump, leap vs hobble Jump, the most general one, refer to the movement of springing or bounding upward from or as if from the ground. --The burglar jumped out of the window when he heard the footsteps. If you leap, you jump high in the air or jump a long distance. --The salmon leaped out of water and landed on the shore. Dictation With the invention of the radio, / newspaper publishers wondered / how broadcasting would affect them. / Many feared / that the radio as a quick and easy means of keeping people informed / would displace the newspaper industry altogether. / Others hoped / that the brief newscast heard on the air / would stimulate listeners' interest in the story / so they'd buy the paper to get more information. / This second idea turned out to be closer to the truth. / Radio and print actually supported each other. / However, this is not always the case. / Take television and motion pictures for example. / With the popularization of TV, / the motion pictures suffered greatly. / Movie attendance dropped / when people chose to stay at home and be entertained. Homework Presentation Topic Do you believe in power of belief? Please illustrate your point with examples. Great opportunities to help others seldom come, but small ones surround us every day. Thank you.
Pages to are hidden for
"PowerPoint Template"Please download to view full document