RIT Instructor Guide by 5c1RlpR

VIEWS: 11 PAGES: 17

									  RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY
   Serving the New Hampshire Fire Service




        New Hampshire Department of Safety
        Division of Fire Standards & Training
       Fire Standards & Training Commission



    Location: 222 Sheep Davis Road, Concord, NH
Mailing Address: 10 Hazen Drive, Concord, NH 03305
              Telephone: 603-271-2661
              Toll Free: 1-800-371-4503
                 FAX: 603-271-1091




FIREFIGHTER SAFETY, SURVIVAL &
   RAPID INTERVENTION TEAMS

          INSTRUCTOR GUIDE




            First Edition: July 1, 2002
                          Firefighter Safety,
                              Survival &
                       Rapid Intervention Teams
                                           20 Hours

                                  New Hampshire
                      Division of Fire Standards & Training

Course Description: The firefighter will be provided with the knowledge and skills
                    necessary to operate as a member of a Rapid Intervention Team, to
                    perform rescues of firefighters who have become trapped or lost, and
                    to utilize appropriate self-rescue procedures when confronted with life-
                    threatening conditions. Additionally, the firefighter will be able to
                    recognize factors and conditions that relate to firefighter safety and
                    survival at emergency incidents.

                      1.     Rapid Intervention Team, Introduction
                      2.     Principles of Firefighter Safety & Survival
                      3.     Self-Rescue
                      4.     Principles of Rapid Intervention Teams
                      5.     RIT Operations & Firefighter Rescue


Recommended Prerequisites:          Firefighter II




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                 PAGE 1 OF 51
                        Rapid Intervention Team:
                            Introduction

                                New Hampshire
                      Division of Fire Standards & Training
 ___________________________________________
Lesson Description:         After completing this lesson, the candidate will be able to identify
                            standards that relate to rapid intervention teams and firefighter safety
                            and survival. The firefighter will realize the physical demands of the
                            course and discuss safety requirements for the class.

Recommended Prerequisites:         Firefighter II

Recommended Order of Delivery: RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival - 1

Instructor Outline:         Lesson Plan, Page 1

Reading Assignment:         RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival Student Manual, page 1

Homework:                   None

Required Job Sheets:        None

Student/Instructor Ratio:   Lecture 24:1

Classroom Equipment/Materials:                      Job Sheet Equipment/Materials:
TV and VCR
Overhead Projector or LCD Projector
Transparencies 1 through 3

Instructor Resources:




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                  JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                   PAGE 2 OF 51
                      Principles of Firefighter
                         Safety & Survival

                                 New Hampshire
                      Division of Fire Standards & Training
  ___________________________________________
Lesson Description:          After completing this lesson, the candidate will recognize factors and
                             conditions that relate to firefighter safety and survival at emergency
                             scenes, identify factors related to firefighter injuries and fatalities, and
                             identify dangerous fire-ground conditions and operations

Recommended Prerequisites:           Firefighter II

Recommended Order of Delivery: RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival - 2

Instructor Outline:          Lesson Plan, pages 2 through 8

Reading Assignment:          RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival Student Manual, pages 2-22

Homework:                    None

Practical Activity Sheets:    1.1   Identify factors related to firefighter injuries and fatalities.
                              1.2   Identify common factors that contribute to firefighter fatalities.
1.3    Identify dangerous fire-ground conditions and operations.

Required Job Sheets:         None

Student/Instructor Ratio:    Lecture 24:1

Classroom Equipment/Materials:                        Job Sheet Equipment/Materials:
TV and VCR
Overhead Projector or LCD Projector
Transparencies 4 through 32
Video, Somersworth, NH Time 11:30

Instructor Resources: Video, Somersworth, NH
                             Time 11:30


RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                     JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                      PAGE 3 OF 51
               Firefighter Safety & Survival:
                        Self-Rescue
                              New Hampshire
                  Division of Fire Standards & Training
 ___________________________________________
Lesson Description:         After completing this lesson, the candidate will demonstrate
                            procedures when lost or disoriented, locate a hose-line and follow it to
                            safety, breach a wall, perform SCBA emergency procedures, perform
                            SCBA low-profile maneuver, perform an emergency ladder escape,
                            perform a window roll out, and perform an emergency rope slide.

Recommended Prerequisites:         Firefighter II

Recommended Order of Delivery: RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival - 3

Instructor Outline:         Lesson Plan, pages 9 through 11

Reading Assignment:         RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival Student Manual, pages 22-32

Required Job Sheets:        2.1    Demonstrate the procedures necessary when lost or
                                   disoriented.
                            2.2    Locate a hose-line and follow it to safety, in zero visibility
                                   conditions.
                            2.3    Breach a wall to locate a safe haven.
                            2.4    Perform SCBA emergency procedures.
                            2.5    Perform an SCBA low-profile maneuver.
                            2.6    Perform an emergency ladder escape.
                            2.7    Perform a window roll out.
                            2.8    Perform an emergency rope slide.

Student/Instructor Ratio:   Lecture 24:1            Practical 6:1

Classroom Equipment/ Materials:                     Job Sheet Equipment / Materials:
TV and VCR                                          Full PPE, SCBA and Pass Device
Overhead Projector or LCD Projector                 Charged Hose-line
Transparencies 33 through 52                        Smoke Generator
                                                    Appropriate Handtools
                                                    24’ Extension Ladder
                                                    14’ or 16’ Roof Ladder
                                                    50’ Kernmantle Rope

RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                 JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                  PAGE 4 OF 51
                                              2 - Carabiners
                                              Class III Life Safety Harness
                                              30’ Self-Rescue Rope
                                              Halligan Bar
                                              1 – Pulley and Figure Eight

Instructor Resources:




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                           JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                            PAGE 5 OF 51
                         Principles of
                   Rapid Intervention Teams
                                 New Hampshire
                      Division of Fire Standards & Training
  ___________________________________________
Lesson Description:          After completing this lesson, the firefighter will recognize factors and
                             conditions that relate to Rapid Intervention Teams, and understand the
                             national standards that relate to or require the availability of a Rapid
                             Intervention Team. Upon completion of the lesson, the firefighter will
                             be able to identify the purpose of a RIT, list training required of RIT
                             members, identify reasons for RIT deployment, list tools required for
                             RIT operations, and identify reasons why personnel accountability is
                             important to the RIT efforts.

Recommended Prerequisites:          Firefighter II

Recommended Order of Delivery: RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival – 4

Instructor Outline:          Lesson Plan, pages 11 through 21

Reading Assignment:          RIT/Firefighter Safety & Survival Student Manual, pages 33-46

Practical Activity Sheets:   3-1    List national standards that relate to or require the
                                     availability of a Rapid Intervention Team.
                             3-2    Identify the purpose of a Rapid Intervention Team.
                             3-3    List the training required of Rapid Intervention Team
                                    Members.
                             3-4    Identify reasons for Rapid Intervention Team deployment.
                             3-5    List tools required of Rapid Intervention Team operations.
                             3-6    Identify reasons why personnel accountability is important to
                                    the Rapid Intervention Team efforts.

Student/Instructor Ratio:    Lecture 24:1

Classroom Equipment/Materials:                       Job Sheet Equipment/Materials:
TV & VCR
Overhead Projector or LCD Projector
Transparencies 53 through 79

Instructor Resources:

RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                 JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                  PAGE 6 OF 51
                          RIT Operations &
                          Firefighter Rescue
                              New Hampshire
                  Division of Fire Standards & Training
 ___________________________________________
Lesson Description:         After completing this lesson, the firefighter will be able to explain the
                            basic concepts of firefighter rescue. The firefighter shall perform
                            several rescues of firefighters who have become lost or trapped.

Recommended Prerequisites:         Firefighter II

Recommended Order of Delivery: RIT/ Firefighter Safety & Survival – 5

Instructor Outline:         Lesson Plan, pages 22 through 34

Reading Assignment:         RIT/Firefighter Safety & Survival Student Manual, pages 46-60

Required Job Sheets:        4-1    Demonstrate the approach, assessment, and stabilizing of a
                                   downed firefighter.
                            4-2    Demonstrate moving a firefighter horizontally.
                            4-3    Demonstrate moving a firefighter up and down stairs.
                            4-4    Demonstrate the technique necessary to convert an SCBA
                                   into a harness.
                            4-5    Demonstrate tying the handcuff knot.
                            4-6    Demonstrate the removal of a firefighter who has fallen
                                   through a hole in a structure.
                            4-7    Demonstrate moving a firefighter in a confined area.
                            4-8    Demonstrate moving a firefighter out of a second floor
                                   window.
                            4-9    Demonstrate moving a firefighter out of a window
                                   (cellar/basement).
                            4-10   Demonstrate removing a firefighter from an entrapment/
                                   entanglement situation.
                            4-11   Demonstrate appropriate rescue techniques when entering
                                   as a RIT for down or trapped firefighters.
                            4-12   Direct the team during RIT operations to accomplish the
                                   goal of rescuing down or trapped firefighters.


Optional Job Sheet:         4-13   Demonstrate use of a Thermal Imaging Camera to

RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                  JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                   PAGE 7 OF 51
                                   accomplish the goal of rescuing down or trapped
                                   firefighters.

Student/Instructor Ratio:   Lecture 24:1         Practical 6:1

Classroom Equipment/Materials:                   Job Sheet Equipment/Materials:
TV and VCR                                       Full PPE, SCBA & Pass Device
Overhead Projector and Screen                    RIT Pack or Spare SCBA
Transparencies 80 through 112                    12’ Webbing
                                                 50’ Kernmantle Rope
                                                 14’ Roof or 10’ Folding Ladder
                                                 Charged Hoseline
                                                 Drag Dummy
                                                 Chain Saw
                                                 2 – 24’ Extension Ladders
                                                 2 – Carabiners
                                                 1 – Pulley
                                                 Circular Saw
                                                 Portable Radios
                                                 Appropriate Handtools
                                                 Wire Cutters or Trauma Shears
                                   Optional:     Thermal Imaging Camera

Instructor Resources:




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                              JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                               PAGE 8 OF 51
     FIREFIGHTER SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RAPID INTERVENTION
                          TRAINING
                                 Practical Activities

Practical Activity 2.1:     Lost or Disoriented Procedures

Enabling Objective 2.1:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate the
                            procedures necessary when lost or disoriented.

Location:                   Second floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, students in full PPE & SCBA

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 2.2:     Locate and Follow a Hose Line to Safety

Enabling Objective 2.2:     Given a training scenario, the student, in zero visibility
                            conditions, shall locate a hose line and follow it to safety.

Location:                   Second floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, students in full PPE & SCBA, charged hose line,
                            smoke generator

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 2.3:     Wall Breach

Enabling Objective 2.3:     Given a training scenario, the student shall breach a wall to
                            locate a safe haven.

Location:                   Second floor of burn building or first floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, students in full PPE & SCBA, hand tools

Props:                      Wall breach prop (1/2” sheetrock or OSB, framing lumber,
                            screws)




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                 JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                  PAGE 9 OF 51
Practical Activity 2.4:     SCBA Emergency Procedures

Enabling Objective 2.4:     Given a training scenario, the student shall perform SCBA
                            emergency procedures.

Location:                   First floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, students in full PPE & SCBA

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 2.5:     Low-profile Maneuver

Enabling Objective 2.5:     Given a training scenario, the student shall perform an SCBA
                            low-profile maneuver.

Location:                   Ladder tower

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, students in full PPE & SCBA

Props:                      Low-profile prop


Practical Activity 2.6:     Ladder Escape

Enabling Objective 2.6:     Given a training scenario, the student shall perform an
                            emergency ladder escape.

Location:                   Second floor of burn building or ladder tower

Personnel & Equipment:      2 instructors, students in full PPE & SCBA, 24’ extension
                            ladder, 14’ or 16’ roof ladder, 50’ kernmantle rope, 2
                            carabiners, safety harness or belt

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 2.7:     Window Roll Out

Enabling Objective 2.7:     Given a training scenario, the student shall perform a window
                            roll out.

Location:                   First floor of burn building



RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                 JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                 PAGE 10 OF 51
Personnel & Equipment:      2 instructors, students in full PPE & SCBA

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 2.8:     Rope Slide

Enabling Objective 2.8:     Given a training scenario, the student shall perform an
                            emergency rope slide.

Location:                   Second floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      2 instructors, students in full PPE & SCBA, 50’ kernmantle
                            rope, 30’ self-rescue rope, 1 haligan bar, 2 carabiners, 1 pulley,
                            1 figure eight, safety harness or belt

Props:                      Concrete screws/hooks to secure haligan in second floor
                            window (see schematic)


Practical Activity 4.1:     Approaching the Downed Firefighter

Enabling Objective 4.1:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate the
                            approach and assessment of a downed firefighter.

Location:                   First floor of burn building or second/third floor

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, 1 victim (student) with PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional), RIT pack or spare SCBA

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 4.2:     Moving Firefighter Victim Horizontally

Enabling Objective 4.2:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            moving a firefighter victim horizontally.

Location:                   First floor of burn building or second/third floor

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, 1 victim (student) with PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional), 12’ webbing

Props:                      None




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                 JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                 PAGE 11 OF 51
Practical Activity 4.3:     Moving Firefighter Victim Up/Down Stairs

Enabling Objective 4.3:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            moving a firefighter victim up/down stairs.

Location:                   First floor of burn building or second/third floor

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, 1 victim (student) with PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional), 12’ webbing

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 4.4:     Convert an SCBA into a Harness

Enabling Objective 4.4:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate the
                            technique necessary to convert an SCBA into a harness.

Location:                   First floor of burn building or second/third floor

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, 1 victim (student) with PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional)

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 4.5:     Tying the Handcuff Knot

Enabling Objective 4.5:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate tying
                            the handcuff knot.

Location:                   First floor of burn building or second/third floor

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, 1 victim (student) with PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional), 50’ of kernmantle rope

Props:                      None




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                 JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                 PAGE 12 OF 51
Practical Activity 4.6A:    Removal of Firefighter through Hole

Enabling Objective 4.6:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate the
                            removal of a firefighter who has fallen through a non-fire
                            weakened hole in a structure.

Location:                   Third floor/roof of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      1-2 instructors, students in full PPE (SCBA optional), 1 victim
                            (dummy) in full PPE & SCBA, 50’ kernmantle rope, roof or
                            folding ladder, charged hose line

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 4.6B:    Removal of Firefighter through Hole (Rescue Scenario)

Enabling Objective 4.6:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate the
                            removal of a firefighter who has fallen through a non-fire
                            weakened hole in a structure.

Location:                   Third floor/roof of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      1-2 instructors, students in full PPE, 1 victim (dummy) in full
                            PPE & SCBA, 50’ training rope (non-rated), RIT pack or spare
                            SCBA, roof or folding ladder, chain saw, charged hose line

Props:                      Plywood cover for scuttle with 16” circular hole in middle (see
                            schematic)


Practical Activity 4.7:     Denver Drill

Enabling Objective 4.7:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            moving a firefighter victim in a confined area (Denver drill).

Location:                   First floor burn building, exterior window

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, 1 victim (student) with PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional)

Props:                      Denver prop (20” wide window, 42” floor to sill, 28” wide
                            space)




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                               JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                               PAGE 13 OF 51
Practical Activity 4.8:     Moving Firefighter out of Second Floor Window

Enabling Objective 4.8:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            moving a firefighter victim out of a second floor window.

Location:                   Second floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      2 instructors, 1 victim (dummy) in PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional), (2) 24’ extension ladders, 50’
                            kernmantle rope, 2 carabiners, 1 pulley

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 4.9:     Moving Firefighter Out of an Area Window
                            (cellar/basement)

Enabling Objective 4.9:     Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            moving a firefighter victim out of an area window
                            (cellar/basement).

Location:                   Basement of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      1 instructor, 1 victim (student) with PPE & SCBA, students in
                            full PPE (SCBA optional), 12’ webbing, 50’ kernmantle rope,
                            folding or attic ladder, RIT pack or spare SCBA

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 4.10A:   Firefighter Entrapment (Rescue Scenario)

Enabling Objective 4.10:    Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            removing a firefighter victim from an entrapment/
                            entanglement situation.
                            Also see Enabling Objectives 4.12 and 4.13

Location:                   First floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      3 instructors (1 as victim) in full PPE & SCBA, students in full
                            PPE & SCBA, available hose-line(s), circular saw, portable
                            radios, hand tools

Props:                      Window bar prop




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                PAGE 14 OF 51
Practical Activity 4.10B:   Firefighter Entanglement (Rescue Scenario)

Enabling Objective 4.10:    Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            removing a firefighter victim from an entrapment/
                            entanglement situation.
                            Also see Enabling Objectives 4.11 and 4.12

Location:                   SCBA maze trailer

Personnel & Equipment:      3 instructors (1 as victim) in full PPE & SCBA, students in full
                            PPE & SCBA, available hose-line(s), portable radios, hand
                            tools, RIT pack or spare SCBA, wire cutters or trauma shears

Props:                      None


Practical Activity 4.10C:   Firefighter Entanglement (Rescue Scenario)

Enabling Objective 4.10:    Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            removing a firefighter victim from an entrapment/
                            entanglement situation.
                            Also see Enabling Objectives 4.11 and 4.12

Location:                   Second floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      3 instructors (1 as victim) in full PPE & SCBA, 1 additional
                            victim (dummy) in full PPE & SCBA, students in full PPE &
                            SCBA, available hose-line(s), portable radios, hand tools, (2)
                            spare SCBA or RIT packs, wire cutters or trauma shears

Props:                      Wall breach prop


Practical Activity 4.11:    Rapid Intervention Team Rescue Techniques

Enabling Objective 4.11:    Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate
                            appropriate rescue techniques when entering as part of a RIT
                            for down or trapped firefighters.

Location:                   First, second, and third floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      2 instructors (1 as victim) in full PPE & SCBA, 1 additional
                            victim (dummy) in full PPE & SCBA, students in full PPE &
                            SCBA

Props:                      None


RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                   JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                   PAGE 15 OF 51
Practical Activity 4.12:    Directing Rapid Intervention Team Operations

Enabling Objective 4.12:    Given a training scenario, the student shall direct the team
                            during RIT operations to accomplish the goal of rescuing
                            downed or trapped firefighters.

Location:                   First, second, and third floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      2 instructors (1 as victim) in full PPE & SCBA, 1 additional
                            victim (dummy) in full PPE & SCBA, students in full PPE &
                            SCBA

Props:                      None

Practical Activity 4.13:    Thermal Imaging Camera Search

Enabling Objective 4.13:    Given a training scenario, the student shall demonstrate the use
                            of Thermal Imaging Cameras to accomplish the goal of
                            rescuing downed or trapped firefighters.

Location:                   First, second, and third floor of burn building

Personnel & Equipment:      2 instructors (1 as victim) in full PPE & SCBA, 1 additional
                            victim (dummy) in full PPE & SCBA, students in full PPE &
                            SCBA, Thermal Imaging Camera

Props:                      None




RICHARD M. FLYNN FIRE ACADEMY                                                   JULY 1, 2002
FF SAFETY, SURVIVAL & RITS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE                                   PAGE 16 OF 51

								
To top