Division Seven Romanticism

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					 Division Seven
05级2班 王莹 04509031
        What is Romanticism?
• Romanticism was a movement in literature,
  philosophy, music and art which developed in
  Europe in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
• The term “Romantic” as a designation for a
  school of literature opposed to the Classic was
  first used by the German critic Friedrich
  Schlegel at the beginning of the 19th century.
  From Germany, this meaning was carried to
  England and France.
           Two Revolution
• French revolution: established bourgeois
  democracy with its slogans of liberty, equality
  and universal brotherhood.
• Industrial Revolution:made possible by
  technological advances such as James Watt’s
  invention of the steam engine in 1764,
  brought unforeseen changes to each
  individual and society as a whole.
   Romanticism in Germany
• Goethe(1749-1832) & Schiller(1759-1805)
  Goethe's The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774)
  Schiller's Love and Intrigue
   Romanticism in Germany
• Schlegel Brothers ( the Jena School)
  The Jena School: Schlegel Brothers, Novalis
  and Tieck
• Heinrich Heine
       Romanticism in England
•   Social background:
    The French Revolution
    The influence of the Industrial Revolution
    U.S. (declare Independence) (1775-1865)
    The War of Independence.
•   Features: Subjectivity, back to medieval
    back to nature
    Romanticism in England
• William Blake
  Two early collections:
  Songs of Innocence (1789)
  Songs of Experience (1794)

• The Lakers - Wordsworth and Coleridge
  The Lakers: Wordsworth and Coleridge Lyrical
    Romanticism in England
• George Gordon Byron
  Isles of Greece          Don Juan
• Percy Bysshe Shelley
  Ode to the West Wind     Prometheus
• John Keats
  Ode to a Nightingale Ode on a Grecian Urn
  famous for his sonnets
• Walter Scott
  The Heart of Mid-lothian   Ivanhoe
     Romanticism in France
• Chateaubriand(1768-1848)
 <Genius of Christianity><Atala><Rene>
• George Sand
  George Sand: Indiana 法国浪漫主义文学最
     Romanticism in France
• Victor Hugo (1802-1885)
  Preface to Cromwell
  Notre Dame de Paris 巴黎圣母院
  Les Miserables 悲惨世界

• Victor Hugo: 法国浪漫主义文学的最重要的作家.他
  爱"与"仁慈"等人道主义精神.The greatest poet of
  his day
     Romanticism in Italy
• Alessandro Manzoni
  <The Betrothed>约婚夫妇是意大利文学史上
• Giacomo Leopardi
  <To Sylvia>he was the greatest
   poet of Italy Romanticism
       Romanticism in Russia
• 1. Aleksander Pushkin
  2. Mikhail Y. Lermontov
      Romanticism in Poland
• Adam Mickiewicz
         Art and Architecture
• Paintings
  A. Goya
  Spanish court painter and etcher(蚀刻家) 欧洲浪漫主
  Best known for his portraits of royalty and nobility
  Major works:
  <The Parasol> <The Execution of the Third of May>
  <Family of Charles IV>
  <Saturn Devouring his Children>
    Art and Architecture
• Paintings
• B. David
  David French Painter
  Major works:
  <The Death of Socrates>
  <The Death of Marat>
• Delacroix
  Major works:
  <The Massacre at Chios>
  <Dante and Virgil>
        Art and Architecture
• Paintings
  C. Gericault
  Gericault French painter
  Major works:
  Epsorn Derby
  Mounted Officer of the Imperial Guard
  <Raft of Madusa>
          Art and Architecture
• Paintings
   D. Turner
  Turner English landscape painter

  E. John Constable
  Constable English landscape painter

  Turner and Constable代表了浪漫主义画派的最高成就
        Art and Architecture
• Architecture
  The Houses of Parliament in Landon
  The Brandenburg Gate in Berlin
  Opera House in Paris
• The Early Romantics
  Ludwig van Beethoven
  Beethoven(贝多芬) German
  Composer<Symphony No.6(Pastoral> marked the
  beginning of 19th century programme music
   Schubert(舒伯特)Austrian composer
  Chopin(肖邦)Polish composer
  Schumann(舒曼) German composer
  Mendelssohn(门德尔松)German composer
• The Later Romantics --- Middle of 19th
  Johannes Brahms & Peter Ilitch Tchaikovsky
  Berlioz(伯辽兹)French composer
  Liszt(里斯特)Hungarian composer
  Wagner(瓦格纳)German composer
  Brahms(伯拉姆斯)German composer
  Tchaikovsky(柴科夫斯基)Russian composer

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