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					                                       PURBANCHAL UNIVERSITY
                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2005
LEVEL: B.E. (Computer)
SUBJECT: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition
TIME: 03:00 hours                                                                        Full Marks: 80
                                                                                       Pass Marks: 32


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt any EIGHT questions.

1. Define Image. Describe different steps in image processing.                                      [2+8]
2. What is Hadamard Transform? Explain with suitable example.                                       [2+8]
3. Justify need for derivative based filters. Derive expression and matrix for Hyperbolic filter, starting
    general second order partial differential equation.                                             [3+7]
4. What is the importance of smoothing filters? Describe different types of Linear and nonlinear
    smoothing filters.                                                                              [2+8]
5. What is Histogram? Explain histogram equalization, modeling and Specification.                   [2+8]
6. What do you mean by segmentation? Explain segmentation technique ‘segmentation by
    thresholding’.                                                                                  [2+8]
7. What is image compression? Justify the necessity of image compression. Explain the concept of
    coding technique “run length coding” and “predictive coding”.                                   [3+7]
8. What do you mean by Hopfield and hamming nets. Illustrate use of Neural Network in image
    processing and pattern recognition.                                                             [3+7]
9. Justify the statement “edges play an important role in pattern Recognition”. Explain the concept of
    edge detection using gradient models.                                                           [3+7]
10. What is pattern recognition? Briefly summarize the components of Recognition system. Explain the
    concept of convolution in spatial domain.                                                       [5+5]

                                                  Or
    Write short notes on (any TWO):                                                                       [5+5]
      [a]     Elements of visual perception
      [b]     Dilation and erosion
      [c]     Magnification by replication and interpolation
      [d]     Line detection

                                                      ***

                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2004
SUBJECT: Image processing & pattern Recognition


Attempt any TEN questions.

1. Explain characteristics of image operations and neighborhood in image processing.                        [8]

2. How can you perform convolution in spatial domain?                                                       [8]

3. Describe linear and nonlinear smoothing filters.                                                         [8]
4. Derive expression and matrix for elliptical filter, starting general second order partial differential
   equation.                                                                                          [8]

5. What is dilation and erosion? Explain with suitable example.                                            [8]

6. What do you mean by segmentation? Explain different techniques of segmentation.                         [8]

7. Describe magnification by replication and interpolation with suitable example.                          [8]

8. How can you perform filtering operation in frequency domain? How can you represent the image in
   the image processing system?                                                              [4+4]

9. What is hadamard transform? Explain with suitable example.                                              [8]

10. What is image compression? Explain different types of redundancies.                                  [2+6]

11. What is pattern recognition? Explain different types of recognition classification.                  [2+6]

12. Write short notes on (any TWO):                                                                      [24]
      (a) Artificial Neural Network
      (b) Harr Transform
      (c) Element of visual Perception
      (d) Hopfield Nets

                                                      ***


                          VIII SEMESTER BACK PAPER EXAMINATION-2005


SUBJECT: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt any EIGHT questions.

1. [a] What are the applications of Image Processing?

    [b] Describe the different types of Image operations.

2. [a] Introduce histogram of an Image. Explain any histogram based operation.

    [b] Explain any one
        i) Haar transforms
        ii) Sine transforms

3. [a] List different linear and non-linear smoothing filters.

    [b] Illustrate convolution in spatial domain.
4. [a] Explain derivative based filter with its importance.

   [b] How sharpening operation is performed?

5. [a] What are different redundancies in image representation?

   [b] Explain different techniques of image representation.

6. [a] Define Dilation and Erosion and describe Dilation and Erosion operation.

   [b] Write short notes on opening and closing operation.

7. [a] Illustrate different Segmentation Techniques.

   [b] Describe the methods of edge detection.

8. What is neural network? Explain its working principle with uses in Image Processing and Pattern
   Recognition Application.

9. Explain the Block Diagram of Image Processing application with different steps.

10. Write short notes on
           a. Frequency Domain approach of filtering operation
           b. Contour Representation
                                       PURBANCHAL UNIVERSITY
                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2005
LEVEL: B.E. (Computer)
SUBJECT: Advanced Computer Architecture
TIME: 03:00 hours                                                                        Full Marks: 80
                                                                                         Pass Marks: 32


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt any EIGHT questions.

1. Compare between RISC and CISC, open and closed, fine grained and course grained architecture
   with proper example.                                                                    [10]

2. What are the steps to design a machine? Suggest and explain a method which will fulfill this goal,
   with example.                                                                               [2+8]

3. What is data dependency? Explain its different types with example. How can you say control
   dependency preserve sequential consistency?                                       [2+6+2]

4. Differentiate between ILP and LLP. Consider an un-pipelined machine assuming 10 ns clock cycle
   and that it uses 3 cycles of ALU operations and branch operations and four cycles of memory
   operations. Assume that relative frequencies of their operations are 40%, 15%, and 25%
   respectively. Suppose that due to clock skew and setup, pipeline the machine adds 2 ns of overhead
   to the clock. Ignoring any latency impact, how much speedup in the instruction rate will we gain
   from pipelining?                                                                             [2+8]

5. Give an example of instruction pipelining, which has data dependency in it and explain dynamic
   scheduling method with example.                                                            [10]

6. What is superscalar architecture? What may be the drawbacks of this architecture while
   implementing. Give an example superscalar pipeline.                              [6+4]

7. What is multiprocessor? Explain the need of synchronization tool in this architecture.                  [4+6]

8. Explain the concept of neural architecture. How vector processors are implemented, explain with
   example.                                                                                  [3+7]

9. Write short notes on (any TWO):                                                                        [2  5]
       [a] Concept of superscalar architecture in P4
       [b] UMA vs COMA
       [c] Von- Neumann Architecture.

                                                      ***
                            VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2004
SUBJECT: Advanced Computer Architecture


Attempt any EIGHT questions.

1. Explain the basic idea behind Von-Newman Architecture. Mark the differences between RISC and
   CISC.

2. State and explain Amdahl’s law. Explain the different types of parallel architecture.

3. How Pipelining improves the performance of computer? Explain it with an example. Suppose that
   70% of instructions are ADD and 1/3rd time the instructions following ADD depends on result of
   ADD. If this hazard creates a single cycle delay, how much faster is the ideal pipelined machine than
   the real pipelined machine?

4. What do you mean by instruction level parallelism? Explain the different types of dependencies with
   example. Consider the following sets of instructions and draw a data path diagram to pipeline and
   show if there exists any hazards.
     ADD      R1, R2, R3
     SUB      R4, R1, R5
     AND      R6, R1, R7
     OR       R8, R1, R9
     XOR      R10, R1, R11

5. Show how Branch instruction preserves sequential consistency? Explain the concept and principle of
   super-scalars.

6. What do you mean by Fine-grained and Coarse grained SIMD? Explain vector processors having
   pipelining with an example.

7. What would be the solution of Name dependency? Explain the concept of superscalar CISC
   processor using a superscalar RISC core with example.

8. What do you mean by Cache coherence? If it is the problem, suggest one appropriate solution.
   Explain about UMA machines.

9. Write short notes on (any TWO):
    [a] Cray Family
    [b] Parallel processing Technique
    [c] NUMA vs. CC-NUMA
                                                   ***

                        VIII SEMESTER BACK PAPER EXAMINATION-2005


SUBJECT: Advanced Computer Architecture


Attempt ALL questions.

1. Explain the concepts of computational model with respect to Von-Neumann architecture.             [8]
2. [a] What is parallel processing? Briefly describe the basic parallel processing techniques.      [2+4]

   [b] Suppose you have an application running in a 32-processor machine, which has a 2400-ns time
       to handle reference to a remote memory. For this application, assume that all the reference
       except those involving in communication hit in the local memory hierarchy, which may be only
       slightly pessimistic. Processors are stalled on a remote request, and the cycle time of the
       processor is 12 ns. If the base clock cycle per instruction (CPI) (assuming that all references hit
       in the cache) is 1.0, how much faster is the machine if there is no communication versus if
       0.5% of the instructions involve remote communication reference?                                [6]

3. Explain data dependencies, name dependencies and control dependencies of instructions
   dependencies which constitute no ILP (Instruction-Level Parallelism). How do you detect and
   eliminate instruction dependencies?                                                   [6+3]

4. What do you mean by Instruction Pipelining? Give an example of pipelined execution of Boolean
   instruction.                                                                            [2+4]
                                              OR
   Explain how RISC machine implement pipelining?

5. Briefly describe the concept of superscalar processing. How do you implement superscalar CISC
   Processors using a superscalar RISC core?                                                [5+5]

6. What is associative processing? Explain the application of array mapping?                        [2+4]

7. What is word Length in vector architecture? Point out the importance of vector processing.       [3+3]

8. What is multi-processor Cache coherence? Explain architecture of COMA Machine. Differentiate
   between CC-NUMA (Cache-Coherent Non-Uniform Memory Access) and UMA (Uniform Memory
   Access) machine.                                                                   [3+4+4]

9. Write short notes on (any THREE):                                                             [34=12]
     [a] Fine-grained SIMD architectures
     [b] Difference between RISC and CISC machine
     [c] Computer Architecture as a multilevel hierarchical framework
     [d] Neural Computers
     [e] Shelving
                                       PURBANCHAL UNIVERSITY
                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2005
LEVEL: B.E. (Computer)
SUBJECT: Geographic Information Systems (Elective – II)
TIME: 03:00 hours                                                                        Full Marks: 80
                                                                                         Pass Marks: 32


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt ALL questions.

1. What is GIS? What will be your role as a Computer Engineer for the development of GIS in Nepal?
                                                                                              [2+8]

2. What do you mean by GIS modeling? Describe the merits and demerits of vector and Raster Data
   model.                                                                                 [2+8]

3. What is Metadata? Is Clearinghouse a metadata? How does a Clearinghouse works?                        [2+1+7]

                                                 Or
    What do you mean by Geographic Phenomena? Differentiate between Geographic Fields and
    Geographic Objects. What types of boundaries exits between Geo-phenomena.     [2+4+4]

4. What is spatial overlay operator? Explain Vector overlay Operator with example.                         [2+8]

5. What are the major data feeds to GIS? Explain the concepts of GPS and Remote Sensing.                   [2+8]

6. What is Tessellation? What is the difference between regular and irregular tessellation? Draw a
   Region Quadtree of given pattern of Geophenomena.                                        [2+3+5]

                                                (2)




                                       Or
    What is datum? Why do you need datum transformation?                                                   [2+8]

7. What is map and map projection? Describe the different aspects of spatial data quality.                 [2+8]

8. What is SDI and NSDI? What are the components or SDI? Briefly describe the problems you face in
   data sharing.                                                                            [2+3+5]
                                                    Or
   What do you mean by spatial data input? Explain “How do I say what to whom and is it effective” as
   the guide of cartographic visualization process.                                             [2+8]
                                                      ***

                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2004


SUBJECT: Geographic Information Systems (Elective – II)


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt ALL questions.

1. What is GIS? Point out the importance and applications of GIS in Nepal with its future perspectives.
                                                                                             [2+4+4+5]

2. What do you mean by Geographic Phenomena? What types of boundaries exists between geographic
   phenomena? Make the region quad tree of the following pattern of geographic phenomena. [2+3+5]




                                            Or
    Describe the merits and demerits of Vector and Raster data models.                                     [5+5]

3. What is a map projection? Describe different classes of map projections.                                [2+6]

                                                  Or
    What are the major data feeds to GIS? Explain Vectorization process with Example.                      [4+4]

4. What are the different analytic GIS functions? Explain.                                                  [10]
                                                  Or
   What is spatial overlay operator? Explain Vector Overlay operators with examples.                       [4+6]

5. Describe the different nature of data available and visual variables under cartographic toolbox.
                                                                                                           [5+5]

6. What are the four essential aspects of spatial data quality? Explain each of them in brief. [2.54=10]

7. What is metadata? Is clearinghouse a metadata? How does a clearinghouse work?                         [2+2+4]

8. Write short notes on (any THREE):                                                                     [33=9]
     [a] Tessellations
     [b] GIS Software Architecture and its Functionality
     [c] GPS
     [d] Datum Transformations
     [e] Raster Overlay Operations
                          VIII SEMESTER BACK PAPER EXAMINATION-2005


SUBJECT: Geographic Information System


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt ALL questions.

1. Assume you are going to install ISP on suburb from where you provide internet though radio link.
   Explain the necessity of GIS in different perspectives before installing cyber on that area. [10]

2. What do you mean by geographic phenomena? What is the difference between crisp boundary and
   fuzzy boundary? How can you represent raster data in computer? Make the region quadtree of the
   following pattern of geographic phenomena.




3. Explain the software architecture and functionality of GIS with its relations to DBMS.                   [10]

4. What is map projection? Explain different classes of map projections.                                   [3+6]

                                               OR
    What is datum transformation? Why do we need datum transformation? Explain geoid and vertical
    datum.                                                                                [2+3+4]

5. What is spatial overlay operator? Explain the two analytic GIS functions: buffer zone generation and
   network analysis.                                                                            [2+4+4]

6. Describe different techniques of cartographic output from the user’s perspectives.                        [9]
                                                  OR
   How can you map qualitative, quantitative and time series data?                                       [3+3+3]

7. What do you mean by spatial data quality? Explain different aspects of spatial data quality.            [2+8]

8. Write short notes on (any THREE)                                                                        [33]
   a) Vector overlay operators
   b) GPS & Remote Sensing
   c) Clearinghouse
   d) Datum transformations
   e) Future of GIS
                                       PURBANCHAL UNIVERSITY
                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2005
LEVEL: B.E. (Computer)
SUBJECT: Compiler Design (Elective-II)
TIME: 03:00 hours                                                                        Full Marks: 80
                                                                                         Pass Marks: 32


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt any EIGHT questions.

1. Define compilation. Mark the differences between lexical analysis and syntax analysis.                 [2+8]

2. Explain advantages and disadvantages of a multi-pass compiler. Explain a method to overcome
   ambiguity of grammar with example.                                                     [5+5]

3. Define inherited attribute with example. Explain role of transition diagram taking example of
   numbers.                                                                                [4+6]

4. Differentiate between syntax tree and parse tree with example. Consider the following grammar and
   check whether the grammar is ambiguous for string.                                          [5+5]
        id + id * id.
        E→E*E
        E→E+E
        E → id

5. Define FOLLOW and FIRST set. Explain shift reduce parsing technique with example.                      [3+7]

6. Define handles and handle pruning. Explain a method of handle pruning.                                 [2+8]

7. Define type system. Explain the need and importance of type conversion in compilation with
   example.
                                                                                        [3+7]

8. Define and explain three address codes. Differentiate between intermediate code generation and
   code generation with example.                                                            [2+8]

9. Write C-code to calculate matrix addition, implement this code into three address and construct the
   corresponding flow graph.                                                                    [4+6]

                                                      ***
                                       PURBANCHAL UNIVERSITY
                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2005
LEVEL: B.E. (Computer)
SUBJECT: Digital Signal Processing
TIME: 03:00 hours                                                                        Full Marks: 80
                                                                                         Pass Marks: 32


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt ALL questions.

1. [a] Define causal system. Explain why causality is important in the realization of Digitals filters. Is
       the system described y(n)=x(-n) is causal. Justify.                                      [2+4+4]

    [b] The Digital communication link carries binary coded words representing samples of an input
        signal xa(t) = 3Cos600 πt + 2 Cos 1800πt.                                            [3+3]

      Calculate:
           i)    Nyquist rate for the signal Xa(t).
           ii)   What will be the discrete time signal if it is sampled at the sampling rate of Fs = 300
                 samples per sec.

2. [a] Differentiate between Discrete time fourier transform and Discrete fourier transform. Explain the
       periodicity property of DFT.                                                               [5+5]

    [b] Find the DFT of the signal x[n] =[3,4,2,1] using DIT FFT algorithm.                               [6]

3. [a] Show that the Z transform of nx(n) = X(a-1z) Determine also the ROC. (Region of Convergence)[6]

    [b] For the second order system order system H(z) = 1/(1 -2r cosθz-1 + r2 z-2). Plot the magnitude
        phase and group delay (not in scale) for r = 0.8 and O=π/4.                               [10]

4. [a] Determine the Lattice coefficients corresponding to the FIR filter given by H(z)=1+1/2z -1+5/8Z-
       2
         /5z-3.                                                                                     [6]

    [b] Design a IIR digital filter using bilinear transformations method. The designed filter must be
        butter worth low pass with the following specifications. =0.4π, ωs=0.55π, αp=1 db, αs=15db.[6]

5. [a] Consider a transfer function of a third order low pass Butterworth filter ω p = 0.25 π is H3(Z)=
       0.0662 (1+Z-1)3 (1-0.2593z-1) (1-0.6762z-1 + 0.3917z-2).                                      [8]

    [b] Discuss Remez exchange algorithm in FIR filter design. Explain each steps in brief.               [8]


                                                      ***
                             VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2004
SUBJECT: Digital Signal Processing


Attempt ALL questions.

1. [a] What are the advantage of digital signal processor over an analog signal processor?              [6]

   [b] Consider a system                                                                              [23]


                    X(n)                                                                   y(n)


       Where y(n)=x2(n-1)+2. Determine whether the system is
             [i] Linear
             [ii] Stable
             [iii] Causal

2. [a] Determine the sequence x3(n) corresponding to the circular convolution of x1(n) and x2(n) given
       as x1(n)= { 2, 1,2, 1}x2(n) = {1, 2, 3, 4} using DFT and IDFT.                               [6]


   [b] Define linear time invariant system? Derive the input output relationship for an LTI system.     [6]

3. [a] For an LTI system determine the signal x(n) whose z transform is as x(z) = log(1+az-1) |z| > |a| .
       Find the z transform of x(n)=2n 4(n-2).                                                          [6]

   [b] Derive the formula for the inverse z transform by Contour Integration.                           [6]

                                                                    1
4. [a] The system function of a causal filter is H(z)                                                   [6]
                                                                1
                                                        1  0.9z  0.8z2  0.5z3

       Draw the lattice ladder implementation of the above filter. Is the filter stable?                [6]

   [b] Explain the limit cycle oscillations for the recursive filter.                                   [6]

5. [a] Describe the Remez exchange algorithm for the design of the linear phase FIR filter.             [6]

   [b] Differentiate between FIR and IIR filter?                                                        [6]

                                                                                        0.245(1  z 1 )
6. [a] Convert a single pole low pass Butter worth filter with the system function H(z)
                                                                                         1  0.509z 1
       into a band pass filter with the upper and the lower cut off frequencies ωu = 3π/5 and ω1=2π/5
       respectively. The low pass filter has the 3-dB band width of ωp=0.2π.                         [6]
    [b] Convert the analog filter into a digital filter whose system function is expressed as
                    1
        H(s)                using impulse invariant technique.                             [6]
             (s  1)(s  2)

7. Short notes on (any TWO)                                                                              [42=8]
   [a] Bit serial arithmetic implementation of DSP process.
   [b] Round of errors
   [c] Sampling theorem
   [d] Chebyshev Filters


                          VIII SEMESTER BACK PAPER EXAMINATION-2005


SUBJECT: Digital Signal Processing


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt ALL questions.
1. [a] Explain the basic elements of digital processing system.                                       [8]
   [b] Consider a analog signal
               x(t) = 3 cos 100t
       i) Determine the minimum sampling rate required to avoid aliasing.                             [7]
       ii) Suppose that the signal is to be sampled at the rate of Fs = 200Hz. What is the discrete time
           signal obtained after sampling?

2. [a] Compute and plot the convolution of x(n)*h(n) for the pairs of signal x(n) = {n/3 for 0<=n<=6
       and 0 otherwise h(n) = {1 for -2<=n<=2 and 0 other wise                                    [8]
   [b] Explain the importance of the transform techniques for the analysis of the LTI system.     [7]

3. [a] For an LTI system determine the Z transform of the signal x(n) = -nu(n-1) = {0 for n>=0 and -
       n for n<=1.

        Find the inverse Z transform of 1/(1-0.5z-1 + 0.5z-2) when ROC is 1z1>1 and z1<0.5                   [8]

    [b] Derive the formula for the inverse Z transform by Cauchy Integration.                                [7]

4. [a] Determine the FIR filter coefficients for the direct form structure having the lattice filter
       coefficients k1=1/4, k2=1/2, k3=1/3. Draw the lattice ladder implementation of the above filter. [7]

    [b] Sensitivity of the filter frequency response characteristics to quantization of the filter coefficients
        is minimized by realizing the filter having a large number of poles and zeros as an
        interconnection of second order filter sections. Justify the above statement with suitable example.[8]

5. [a] Covert a analog filter with a system function H(z) = b/(s+a) into a digital filter by means of
       bilinear transformation method.                                                            [8]

    [b] Differentiate between analog and digital filter.                                                     [7]

6. Write short notes on (any TWO)                                                                 [2  2.5 = 5]
    a)   Bit serial arithmetic implementation of DSP process.
    b)   Kaisers window
    c)   Matched Z-transform
    d)   Importance of Chebyshev filters
                                       PURBANCHAL UNIVERSITY
                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2004
LEVEL: B.E. (Computer)
SUBJECT: Engineering Professional Practice
TIME: 01:30 hours                                                                        Full Marks: 40
                                                                                         Pass Marks: 16


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt any FOUR questions. Question [5] is compulsory.

1. Explain the roles of engineers in development activities in brief.                                      [10]

2. What are the fundamental canons for professional engineers? Write in brief.                             [10]

3. What is liability and Negligence? Explain Tort liability.                                              [5+5]

4. Write ‘Job-description’ of an engineer in public sector in Nepal.                                       [10]

5. Er. Lisa is asked to write specifications for a water supply pipe. While she is competent to do so,
   Lisa also owns a company that manufactures and sells such water supply pipe. Does this make a
   conflict of interest? If so, how should it be handled?                                         [10]

                                                      ***



                              VIII SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION-2005
SUBJECT: Engineering Professional Practice


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt any FOUR questions.

1. What were the first engineers and their key roles in development activities? Explain.                  [4+6]

2. What are the features of a profession? Explain relationship of basic science and technology with
   engineering profession.                                                                    [5+5]

3. What are the sectors that an engineer can practice his/her profession in Nepal? What are duties and
   responsibilities of an engineer?                                                              [4+6]
4. A road has been blacktopped just before one and half month ago. Because of heavy two days’ rain,
   the top was washed out. Now the contractor is blamed of the result. But the contractor says that he
   has performed his duties before the eyes of the site supervisor and the supervisor has already passed
   the bill. The contractor has cashed the bill, too. The supervisor claims that there is still six moths’
   liability period and hence the contractor has to redo it. Now explain the liability of each part
   involved in this business.                                                                         [10]

5. What is the meaning of copy right and patent protection? Explain it with reference to develop and
   developing countries, like ours.                                                            [5+5]

                                                      ***



                          VIII SEMESTER BACK PAPER EXAMINATION-2005
SUBJECT: Engineering Professional Practice


Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable.
All questions carry equal marks. The marks allotted for each sub-question is specified along its side.


Attempt any FOUR questions. Q. [4] is compulsory.
1. What is a job description? Write job description of an engineer working in the public sector in
   Nepal.

2. What are the fundamental canons for professional engineers? When do professionals loose
   professionalism?

3. Explain the relationship between engineering, basic science and technology and other profession.

4. Read the following case and answer the question given below on your own words:
   Radar detectors, also known as “Fuse busters” are simple but extremely sensitive radio receivers that
   are tuned to the wavelength of the police radar. When a car equipped with a detector first enters the
   radar field, a warning light flashes or a buzzer sounds, enabling the driver to slow down, if
   necessary, before the speed of the car can be calculated by the police equipment. The use of radar
   detector is illegal in most of the states but the manufacturing and marketing of units have never been
   banned.

    Should companies make and sell radar detectors? Discuss.

5. What are engineering morals and conducts set by the Engineering Council of Nepal?

				
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