Docstoc

Venus - PDF

Document Sample
Venus - PDF Powered By Docstoc
					OD;atmifqef;OD;
                                                    tar&duefEkdifiHom;
                                                    OD;atmifqef;OD;
                                                    tdrfNcHajr ydkifqkdifcGifU
                                                    r&Sd[kqdk? tarGwpf0uf
                                                    cGJa0,lap[kqdkaom
                                                    taemufydkif;c½dkif
                                                    w&m;½kH;\trdefh
                                                    a':atmifqef;pkMunf
                                                    a&SYaersm;t,lcH0ifrnf
                                                                          Page-2




   or®w\ w&m;0if           odef; 150 ausmf aps;aygufonfU
   taMumif;Mum;pm          HONDA Fit um;wpfpD; tNyD;tpD;
                           usyfodef; 100 jzifU a&mif;rnf[kqkd
   &&SdvQif Zlvdkifv                                                 Supplement A



   vTwfawmfwGif             vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fudk
   'kwd,or®wae&m                   h
                            qlylvIHaqmfrIjzifU w&m;pGJqdkrI
   jyefvnfa&G;cs,f          ykZGefawmifw&m;½Hk;wGif
   twnfjyKay;&rnf           pwifppfaq;
                  Page-3                              Page-3
    2          Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                       CURRENT POLITICS
a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ &JpGrf;owdÅ &SdrItwGuf jrwfjrwfEkd;Ekd;*kPf,lrdaMumif;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;Ekdb,fvfqk&Sif wdbufbkef;awmfBuD; 'vdkif;vm;rm;ajymqkd
&efukef? ZGef 19
             d f H             hf                                   d f dk f H
           Ekiirsm;okYd c&D;vSnvnfaeaom a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf NAdweEiioYdk a&muf&pOfdS
 Oa&my         f                      k f
           ZGev 19 &ufaeYu wdbufbe;awmfBuD; 'vdi;vm;rm;ESiawGUqkcNhJ yD; ,if;okawGUqkpOf
                                                    k f      hf   H             Yd     H
    d f                                   G f  dS I                   dk d
'vki;vm;rm;u a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ &Jpr;owdå&rrsm;twGuf jrwfjrwfE;Ek; *kP,onf[k  f l
ajymqkdaMumif; 'vdkif;vm;rm;\0ufbfqkdufwGif w&m;0if xkwfjyefaMunmxm;onf/
      Nidrf;csrf;a&; Ekdb,fvfqk           bkef;awmfBuD; 'vdkif;vm;                       l k f
                                                                           vnf;jzpfo'vdi;vm;rm;onf
&Sifrsm; jzpfMuonfh 'vdkif;vm;      rm;u a':atmifqef;pkMunf                1989 ckESpfwGif wdbufta&;
rm;? a':atmifqef;pkMunfwdkY         onf vlom;aumif;usKd; xl;               udpö aqmif&Guf&if; Ekdb,fvf
onf a':atmifqef;pkMunf\             xl;jcm;jcm; aqmif&GufEkdifpGrf;        Nidrf;csrf;a&;qk &&SdcJholjzpfNyD;
67 ESpfajrmuf arG;aeYwGif           &Sdrnf[k ,kHMunfaMumif; ajym           a':atmifqef;pkMunfrm 1991S
NAdwdefEkdifiHwGif awGUqkHMujcif;   qdkcJhaMumif; od&Sd&onf/               ckESpfwGif Ekdb,fvfNidrf;csrf;a&;
jzpfaMumif; od&Sd&onf/                    wd b uf bk e f ; awmf B uD ;     qkukd &&SdcJholjzpfonf/

 tar&duefEkdifiHom; OD;atmifqef;OD; tdrfNcHajrydkifqkdifcGifUr&Sd[kqdk?
 tarGwpf0ufcGJa0,lap[kqdkaom taemufydkif;c&dkifw&m;½kH;\trdefh
 a':atmifqef;pkMunf a&SYaersm; t,lcH0ifrnf
                                    &dyfomvrf; NcHtrSwf 54 udk             onf/
                                    tarG&vdkrIjzifh OD;atmifqef;OD;              a&SUaeOD;Munf0if;u aetdrf      &Sif;jyonf/                                   f kd      kd
                                                                                                                                                      ajruGuuvnf;&,lvaMumif;                 OD;Munf0if;\ ajymqdkcsuft&
                                    u w&m;pGJqkdxm;&m &efukef              tarGrIESifh ywfoufNyD; w&m;                a':cifMunf\ tay;pm              OD;cifarmifat;u w&m;pGJqkd             od&Sd&onf/
                                    taemufykdif;c½dkif w&m;½kH;u             H             f
                                                                           ½k;\pD&ifcsu&,lNyD;ygut,lcH          csKyfjzifh NcHxJrS ay 100 _70                         d
                                                                                                                                                      xm;aomtrIvnf;&SaeaMumif;
                                    ZGefv 22 &ufaeYwGif tarG               0ifa&; pDpOfoGm;rnf jzpfNyD;
                                    wpf0ufcGJa0,l&ef trdefYcsrSwf          a':atmifqef;pkMunf jyefvm
                                    vdurtay: t,lc0ifom;rnf
                                         k f I             H
                                    jzpf a Mumif ; a':atmif q ef ;
                                                                   G       rnfhtcsdefrS ñTefMum;csufudk
                                                                           vnf; apmifhqkdif;rnf jzpf
                                                                                                                   &efukefwuúodkvf ausmif;om;or*¾ taqmufttHk
                                    pk M unf \ a&S U aersm;jzpf M u
                                    onfh OD;ÓPf0if;ESifh OD;Munf
                                                                           aMumif; &Sif;vif;ajymqkdonf/
                                                                                 ]]tck trdefYcswJhtcsdefrSm
                                                                                                                   jyefvnfwnfaqmufa&;aumfrwD(,m,D)zGJYpnf;
                                    0if;u Venus News Weekly okYd           a':atmifqef;pkMunf r&Sdbl;/
                                    ajymMum;onf/                           uRefawmfu a':atmifqef;                  eDw;dk
                                           ]]c½ki½;&JU trdeYf csrSwrukd
                                                d f Hk               f I   pkMunf jyefvmwJhtxd apmifh              &efukef? ZGef 23
&efukef? ZGef 25                    uRefawmfwkdY t,lcH0ifyghr,f/           csifao;w,f/ a':atmifqef;                       &efukefwuúodkvfausmif;om;or*¾ taqmufttHk jyefvnfwnfaqmufa&;aumfrwD
      rdcifa':cifMunf ydkifqkdif    &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; w&m;              pkMunf b,fvdknTefMum;rvJ                (,m,D)udk ZGefv 17 &ufu tzGJU0if 14 OD;jzifhzGJUpnf;NyD;pD;aMumif; 88 rsKd;quf ausmif;om;
NyD; ,ckvuf&SdwGif trsKd;om;        vTwfawmfukd t,lcH0ifr,f/               qd k w mvnf ; apmif h c sif a o;        rsm;xHrS od&onf/
'Drkdua&pDtzGJUcsKyfOuú| a':        EkiijH cm;om;u ydiqicir&Syg
                                      d f               k f dk f G hf d    w,f/ pD&ifcsufawG &NyD;&if                     ]]uRefawmfwdkYu vkyfoifhvkyfxkdufwmudk pepfwusjzpfatmif abmifxJuae vkyfoGm;
atmifqef;pkMunf aexkivsuf
                       d f          bl;}}[k OD;ÓPf0if;u Venus              uRefawmf tao;pdwfxyfajym                rSmyg/ rw&m;ojzifcwfxm;wJh abmifrsK;qk&ifawmh vufrcHb;aygh/ odrorarGUarGUeJY tkycsKyf
                                                                                                                                             h                  d d                          l          f d f          f
  d
&Saom A[ef;NrdKUe,f wuúovf  kd      News Weekly okdY ajymMum;              r,f}} [k a&SUaeOD;Munf0if;u                                 dS hJ l                D I                   f
                                                                                                                   a&;rSm wm0ef&woawGeYJ oabmwlnr&oGm;atmif vkyaqmifom;rSmyg/ ausmif;om;or*¾         G
                                                                                                                   &JU wefzkd;udk em;vnfvmwJhtcgrSm wpfEdkifiHvHk; 0kef;ueJay:xGufvmrSmyg}}[k 88 rsKd;quf
                                                                                                                   ausmif;om; ukdrif;udkEkdifu Venus News Weekly okdY ajymonf/

    &cdkifjynfe,f? &aoUawmif taemufjyifaus;&GmrSm                                                                         jrefrmwuúodkvfausmif;om;rsm;tm; urÇmwGif pHwifxm;aom Oxford wuúodkvfudk
                                                                                                                   pHerl,lum ausmif;om;vTwfawmfjzpfaom ausmif;om;or*¾tzGJUxJwGif avhusihfoifMum;NyD;
                                                                                                                           f      J            dS
                                                                                                                   vTwawmfxoYdk a&muf&ygu Ekiia&;tvkyrsm;? 'Drua&pDtvkyrsm;udk t&nftcsif;jynf0pGm
                                                                                                                                                     d f H          f    dk                    f                     h
    qlyltMurf;zufrIrsm; oufqkdif&mu w&m;Oya't&                                                                     aqmif&GufEkdifrnfjzpfaMumif;? vuf&SdwGif wuúodkvfausmif;om; or*¾tzGJUrsm; zGJUpnf;NyD;pD;
                                                                                                                   aeNyDjzpfum EdkifiHawmf\wnfaqmufa&;bufudk OD;wnfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; udkrif;ukdEdkifu
    ta&;,laqmif&Guf                                                                                                ajymonf/
                                                                                                                          ]]ausmif;om;or*¾taqmufttHk jyefvnfwnfaqmufa&;aumfrwD(,m,D)u ausmif;
                                                                                                                   om;or*¾ zGJUpnf;a&;eJY roufqkdifygbl;/ aumfrwDawGudk zGJUpnf;twnfjyKNyD;&if w&m;0if
   &efukef? ZGef 25
                                                                                                                   zsufodrf;oGm;rSmyg}}[k tzGJU0if ukdat;ausmfuqkdonf/
       qlyltMurf;zufrIrsm;aMumifh ta&;ay:tajctae aMunmxm;&aom &cdkifjynfe,f
                                                                                                                          ,cktcgwGif em,utzGJU? tBuHay;tzGJU? aumfrwD0ifrsm; zGJUpnf;NyD;pD;aMumif; ¤if;u
   &aohawmifNrdKUe,f taemufjyifaus;&GmwGif qlyltMurf;zufrIrsm;jzpfyGm;cJhNyD; ,if;qlyltMurf;
                                                                                                                   ajymonf/
   zufrIrsm;aMumifh vl 12 OD;aoqkH;cJh&m ,if;aoqkH;rItwGuf oufqdkif&mu qlyltMurf;zufol
                                                                                                                          ]]uRefr&JUcHpm;csufudk ajym&r,fqkd&if ausmif;om;or*¾twGuf vkyfwmaumif;ygw,f/
                                 G f                  k f dk f          d
   rsm;ukd zrf;qD;ta&;,laqmif&uaeNyDjzpfaMumif; &cdiwi;&if;om;rsm;wk;wufa&;ygwD Ouú|
                                                                                                                                    f kH k f                                            J dk
                                                                                                                   'gayr,fh vkyyvyenf;awGukd tpmraMubl;/ bmjzpfvYkd vqawmh ,m,DaumfrwDzUJG wmawG?
   vnf;jzpf? trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fa'gufwmat;armifu ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                   bmawGudk orkdif;wpfavQmufrSm vIyf&Sm;cJhwJh ausmif;om;ausmif;ol awmfawmfrsm;rsm; bmrS
       ]]&aohawmif taemufjyifaus;&GmrSm ZGefv 19 &ufaeYu jzpfwm/ vl 12 OD; aoqkH;yg
                                                                                                                   rodMuygbl;}}[k 88 rsKd;qufausmif;ol a':rmrmOD;u qkdonf/
   w,f/ tJ'Dudpöukd tck oufqkdif&m qlyltMurf;zufwJholawGudk ta&;,lxm;aeygNyD/ tck
                                                                                                                                                           k G k                      d            d
                                                                                                                          ausmif;om;or*¾taqmufttHwif udatmifqef;? uknKd jr? ukA[de;? udbaqG? ukatmif   f k         d
   avmavmq,f odxm;wmu vl 27 OD;xufrenf;udk Oya'eJYtnDta&;,laqmif&uaew,f}}         G f
                                                                                                                                     d f                                    d f
                                                                                                                   ausmfwYdk aexkicMhJ uNyD; ausmif;om;rsm;twGuf orki;tpOftvmBuD;rm;aMumif;? ausmif;om;
   [k a'gufwmat;armifu ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                 hf                   f dk f
                                                                                                                   or*¾tzGUJ tpnf;onf ausmif;om;tcGita&;udk umuG,Ei&rnfjzpfaMumif;? tifEitm;ESihf             S hf
                               k                         G        f I d
       vwfwavmtaejzifh &cdijf ynfe,fae&mtrsm;pkwif wnfNidrr&&SaeNyDjzpfaMumif;? odYkaomf
                                                                                                                               d                                      kd        k f
                                                                                                                   awmif;qkaeaom ausmif;om;or*¾\wefz;udk Xmeqdi&mwm0ef&orsm; em;vnfoihaMumif;    dS l           f
   vnf; ykHrSeftajctae jyefvnfra&muf&Sdao;aMumif; a'gufwmat;armifu qkdonf/
                                                                                                                   88 rsKd;qufausmif;om;rsm;xHrS od&onf/
       oufqkdif&m\ xkwfjyefcsuft& &cdkifjynfe,fwGif jzpfyGm;cJhaom qlyltMurf;zufrIrsm;
   aMumifh aoqkH;olpkpkaygif; 62 OD;xd &SdvmNyDjzpfaMumif; od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                                                  eDwdk;
LATEST NEWS                                                                                                                                      Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                 3

or®w\ w&m;0iftaMumif;Mum;pm&&SdvQif ZlvdkifvTwfawmfwGif
'kwd,or®wae&m jyefvnfa&G;cs,f twnfjyKay;&rnf
&efukef? ZGef 25
                         f                                                        d                            h D
                csKUd ,Gi;aeojzifh &mxl;wm0efrS tem;,l&ef w&m;0ifpmwifjyxm;aom 'kw,or®w oD[ol& OD;wifatmifjrifO;\
 usef;rma&;                     d f H                        f                            f       d
                wifjycsufukd Ekiiawmfor®wu vufcNH yD; vTwawmfoYdk taMumif;Mum;vmvSsif vTwawmfu 'kw,or®wae&mukd
                                           kd f G f            f                         G f
jyefvnfa&G;cs,f twnfjyKrIrsm;vmrnfh Zlviwiusif;yrnfh vTwawmftpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif aqmif&u&rnfjzpfaMumif; vTwawmf f
ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;u ajymMum;onf/
          ]]zGJUpnf;ykH tajccHOya'rSm   a&;raumif;qdkaom owif;                    ]]vTwfawmf usif;yaecsdef   jzpfaMumif; ajymqkdonf/
'kwd,or®wwpfOD; EkwfxGuf                od&Sdxm;aMumif; ajymqkdonf/          jzpfwJhtwGuf ckepf&uftwGif;          zGJUpnf;ykH tajccHOya'
       dS           f
vdYk&&if vTwawmfudk taMumif;                  ]]wyfrawmfom; vTwawmf  f       taMumif;Mum;vm&if wyfr          tcef; 3 EkdifiHawmfor®wESifh
Mum;&r,fqNdk yD;w&m;0ifjy|mef;          udk,fpm;vS,fawG ajymwmu              awmfom; vTwfawmfukd,fpm;        'kwd,or®wrsm;? yk'fr 73 p?
xm;w,f/ or®wtaMumif;                    awmh OD;wifatmifjrifhOD; awmf        vS,ftpktzGJUu a&G;cs,fay;&      q wGif 'kwd,or®w wpfOD;OD;
Mum;vmwmeJY vpfvyfoGm;wJh               awmf usef;rma&;raumif; jzpf          rSmaygh/ 'guvnf; or®wBuD;       onf &mxl;oufwrf; rukefrD
     d
'kw,or®wwpfae&mudk vTwf                                 d
                                        aew,fvYkd o&w,f}} [k OD;zke;     f   u 'kwd,or®w&JU EkwfxGuf         EkwfxGufaomaMumifh jzpfap?
awmfutwnfjyKjyefNyD;a&G;cs,f            jrifhatmifu qufvufajymqkd                   k     H kd       f
                                                                             vTmudvufcvuNf yD; vTwawmf       uG,fvGefaomaMumifh jzpfap?
ay;&rSmyg/ 'guvnf; 'kwd,                onf/                                 udk w&m;0iftaMumif;Mum;rS       xm0pOf rpGrf;aqmifEkdifaom
or®w a&G;cs,fr,fh vTwfawmf                    &cdkifwkdif;&if;om;rsm; wkd;   yg}} [k a'gufwmat;armifu        aMumifhjzpfap? wpfpkHwpfckaom   trSL;xH aqmvsipm taMumif;
                                                                                                                                                             f G                   f     S f
                                                                                                                                                                            twGuowfrwxm;onfenf;    h
udk,fpm;vS,f tpktzGJUu a&G;             wufa&;ygwD Ouú|vnf;jzpf?             qkdonf/                                                    d
                                                                                                             taMumif;aMumifjh zpfap? 'kw,    Mum;&rnf? jynfaxmifpk vTwf     vrf;twkdif; aqmif&Guf&rnf
cs,fvmr,fh 'kwd,or®w                    trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;                &Srf;wkdif;&if;om; 'Drkd   or®w&mxl;ae&m vpfvyfvsS if      awmftpnf;ta0; usif;ycsdef      jzpfaMumif; azmfjyxm;onf/
avmif;udk vTwfawmfutwnf                 vS,fvnf;jzpfol a'gufwm               u&ufwpfygwDrS OD;&JxGef;url     jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;       r[kwfvQif jynfaxmifpkvTwf           'kwd,or®w oD[ol&
jyKay;½kHygyJ}}[k trsKd;om;vTwf         at;armifurl or®wtaMumif;             'kwd,or®w oD[ol&OD;wif          ta0; usif;ycsdefjzpfygu ,if;    awmftBuD;rSL;onf EkdifiHawmf   OD;wifatmifjrifhOD;onf usef;
awmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;zkef;jrifh          Mum;vmrSomvQi'w,or®w f k d           atmifjrifhOD;onf wyfrawmf       'kwd,or®wudk a&G;cs,fwif        or®w\ taMumif;Mum;pm                             f h
                                                                                                                                                                            rma&; raumif;rGeonftwGuf
atmifu qkdonf/                          a&G;cs,fa&; oufqkdif&m vTwf          om; vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f        ajr§mufay;cJhaom vTwfawmf          d h
                                                                                                                                             &&SonfaerSpí 21 &uftwGi;   f   arv 3 &ufaeYwGif tem;
          trsKd;om;vTwfawmf ukd,f       awmfukd,fpm;vS,f tpktzGJUu           tpktzGJUu a&G;cs,fxm;aom        udk,fpm;vS,frsm; tpktzGJUu      jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;      awmif ; xm;aMumif ; Venus
pm;vS,f OD;zkef;jrifhatmifurl           t"du aqmif&Guf&rnfjzpfNyD;           'kwd,or®wwpfOD; jzpfonfh        ckepf&uftwGif; 'kwd,or®w        ta0;udkac:,lNyD; oufqkdif&m    News Weekly Vol.3 / No.40
wyfrawmfom; ukd,fpm;vS,f                               k T f
                                        jynfaxmifpvwawmf taeESihf            twGuf wyfrawmfom;vTwf           wpfOD; a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufa&;    vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;      wGif w&m;0ifowif;azmfjyxm;
tcsKdUxHrS 'kwd,or®w oD[                        G f        d
                                        uefYuup&mr&SvQif twnfjyK             awmf udk,fpm;vS,ftpktzGJUu      twGuf EkdifiHawmf or®wu                       d
                                                                                                                                             tpktzGUJ u 'kw,or®wwpfO;   D   NyD; jzpfonf/
ol&OD;wifatmifjrihfOD; usef;rm                       d
                                        ay;&efom&SaMumif;ajymqkonf/d         yif jyefvnfwifajr§muf&rnf       jynfaxmifpk vTwfawmf tBuD;      udk a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufay;a&;
     4              Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                                LATEST NEWS
pufrIZkefxkwf[k vdrfvnfa&mif;csonfU Super Custom um;rsm; 'PfaMu;½kdufrI
um;0,folESifU a&mif;oltMum; w&m;pGJqkdrIrsm; EkdifiHwpf0ef;vkH;wGifjzpfyGm;
&efukef? ZGef 25

 jynfwGif;
                 pufrZeum;xkwvya&;ukrPrsm;u pufrZexw[k vdrvnfa&mif;csaom Super Custom um;rsm;udk pufr0efBuD;
                       Ik f       f k f       Ü D         Ik f k f      f                                I                                                             ysOf;rem;                                    wpfck xlaxmifNyD; vTwfawmf
                 Xmeu 'PfaMu;½kuc&m 'PfaMu;ay;aqmifrEiywfoufNyD; um;0,foEihf um;a&mif;olrsm;tMum; w&m;pGqrrsm;
                                   d f hJ                    I S hf                l S                  J dk I                                                                                                      udk,fpm;vS,frsm; tygt0if
                                                                                                                                                                                              G f
                                                                                                                                                                           ysOf;rem; NrdKUe,fwivnf;
EkdifiHwpf0ef;vkH;wGifjzpfyGm;vsuf&SdaMumif; Venus News Weekly u pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                                  oufqkdif&m wm0ef&Sdolrsm;udk
                                                                                                                                                                       &efukef pufrIZkefum; xkwfvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ¤if;wkYd BuKHawGUae&aom tcuf
                                                                                                 J
                                                                                  w&m;pG&ifou,wioufao l dk f dk f           ay;aqmifaomfvnf; um;ESifh                  a&; ukrÜPDwpfckxHrS Super
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tcJrsm;wifjy&ef&SdNyD; BuKHvm
                                                                                  vkdufay;r,f ajymxm;wmyJ/                  ywfoufaom pm&Gufpmwrf;                                         l
                                                                                                                                                                       Custom um;0,f,xm;ol a':
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aom tqifrajyrIrsm;udk &if
                                                                                  trSefw&m; ay:aygufwJhtxd                  rsm;ray;bJ aiGusyf 55 odef;                ciftkef;jrifhu pufrIZkef0efBuD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    qdkifajz&Sif;oGm;&ef &SdaMumif;
                                                                                  qufvkyfoGm;r,f}}[k a':cuf                                     k
                                                                                                                            ay;&efawmif;qdvmojzifh um;                 Xmeu ay;aqmif&ef owfrSwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f      G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ,if;uGe&ufwiyg0iforsm;\   l
                                                                                  cufausmfu &Sif;jyonf/                       k f S                  H G
                                                                                                                            ydi&if trsKd;orD;u rk&mNrdKUe,f            xm;aom 'Pf a Mu;ud k ay;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tqkdt& od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                             wmarGNrdKUe,f w&m;½kH;         w&m;½kH;wGif vdrfvnfrIjzifh                aqmif&efysufuGufrIjzifh um;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          pufrI 0efBuD;Xme jynf
                                                                                  wGifvnf; Super Custom um;                 um;xkwfvkyfonfh ukrÜPDudk                  ukrÜPDudk w&m;pGJ&ef jyifqif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    axmifpk0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;url
                                                                                  0,f , l x m;ol OD ; rif ; armf u          w&m;pGJqdkxm;onfh trIrsm;rSm               vsuf&SdaMumif; Venus News
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pufrIZkefxkwf trnfcH Super
                                                                                  um;a&mif;csoludk 'PfaMu;                  vnf; qufvufjzpfyGm;vsuf                    Weekly \ pkHprf;ar;jref;csuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Custom um;rsm;udk 'Pf½kduf
                                                                                  ray;aqmifrItwGuf vdrfvnf                  &Sdonf/                                    t& od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jcif;onf xkwfvkyfaom um;
                                                                                  rI yk'fr 420 jzifh w&m;pGJqkd                     ]]rkH&GmrSmvnf; tJ'DtrIudk
                                                                                  xm;NyD; w&m;½kH;u ,if;trIukd              apmifhMunfhaeMuw,f/ pufrI                  um;ykdif&Sifrsm;                             ukrÜPDrsm;udkom 'Pf½dkufjcif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jzpfNyD; um;0,f,lxm;ol jynf
                                                                                  vufcHvdkufum rsm;rMumrD                   Zkefuum;awG 0,fvdkuf&NyD;                  uGef&ufxlaxmif                               olrsm;ukd 'Pf½kdufjcif;r[kwf
                                                                                  pwifppfaq;awmhrnfjzpfaMumif;              'Pf a Mu;ud k uk d , f h [ muk d , f
                                                                                                                                                                             Super Custom um;0,f,l
rEåav;                                                   kd f
                                              aqmifvu&w,f/ 2011 ckEpf
                                              pufwifbmv 29 &ufaeYu
                                                                             S
                                                                                  OD;rif;armf\ tqdkt& od&Sd&                aqmifvdkuf&wJholawG tm;
                                                                                                                                                                                         Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                       xm;NyD; um;ukrP\'PfaMu;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aMumif; 2011 ckESpf 'DZifbmv
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    18 &ufaeY aejynfawmfwGif
      rEÅav;tajcpkuf pufrZefd            Ik                                       onf/                                      vkH;u w&m;pGJzdkYtajctaeudk
                                              aqmifvdkuf&wm/ uRefawmf                                                                                                                        G f
                                                                                                                                                                       ay;aqmif&efysufuur?I pufrI                   usif;yjyKvkyfaom owif;pm
xkwf um;xkwfvkyfa&;ukrÜPD                                                                    pufrI0efBuD;Xme\ 'Pf           tuJcwfaeMuw,f}}[k tqdyg          k
                                              raqmifxuwaiGukd uReawmf
                                                            dk f hJ        f                                                                                           0efBuD;Xme\ ajz&Sif;ay;&ef                   &Sif;vif;yGJ wpfckwGif w&m;0if
wpfckjzpfaom AMA um;                                                              aMu;½kdufrIudk ukrÜPDu 'Pf                w&m;pGJqdkxm;onfh trsKd;orD;
                                              aqmifvdkuf&wm/ uRefawmfh                                                                                                 ysufuGufrIwkdYudk &ifqkdifae&                xkwfazmfajymqdkxm;NyD; jzpf
ukrÜPDESifh Super Custom um;                                                      aMu;raqmifojzifh um;0,fol                 u ajymonf/
                                              um; vkipifrjhJ zpfrmpd;vdYk aqmif
                                                     d f            S k                                                                                                          d f S f
                                                                                                                                                                       aom um;yki&irsm;u uGe&uf  f                  onf/
0,f,xm;ol OD;&JjrifwYkdtMum;
          l                   h                                                   udk,fwkdif 'PfaMu;ay;aqmif
                                              vdkufwm/ 'gaMumifh uRefawmf
'PfaMu;ray;aqmifrIESifh ywf                                                       xm;&rItrsm;tjym; &efukefNrdKU
                                              w&m;pGJzdkY jyifqifaew,f/ pOf;
oufNyD; tjyeftvSefw&m;pGJqkd
rI jzpfyGm;vsuf&SdaMumif;? ,if;
                                              pm;aew,f}} [k OD;xifatmif
                                                                                          f dS
                                                                                  wGi&aeNyD; ¤if;wdYku epfemcJ&rI
                                                                                  rsm;twGuf w&m;pGJqkd&if jyif
                                                                                                                      h
                                                                                                                               uefx½dkufvdkifpifaMu; odef; 100 rS odef; 500 xd
                                              u Venus News Weekly okdY
        G
trIwif OD;&Jjrifu pufr0efBuD;
                        h
Xme\ Super Custom um;rsm;
                                I
                                              &Sif;vif;ajymqdkonf/
                                                                                  qifvsuf&SdMuonf/
                                                                                             w&m;pGJqkd&ef jyifqifol           wdk;jr§ifUrIaMumifU vkyfief;i,fuefx½dkufrsm; aysmufuG,f
                                              &efukef                             rsm;teufrS wpfOD;jzpfol OD;
tay: tar&d u ef a':vm
13000 'Pf½urukd ukrPudk f I         Ü D             r*FvmawmifñGefY NrdKUe,f      oufaZmfu ¤if;onf vIdifom                     avsmUenf;oGm;rnf[kqdk
'PfaMu;ray;aqmifrI? ,m,D                      rS Super Custom um; 0,f,l           ,mpufrIZkef&Sd pufrIZkefum;
eHygwf&um;ukd vkdifpif &&Sd                   xm;ol a':cufcufausmfu               xkwfvkyfa&;ukrÜPD wpfckxHrS                  ndrf;jynfhpHk
atmif rvkyfaqmifay;rIwkdY                     vnf; um;a&mif;csoludk 'Pf           Super Custom um;0,f,lcJh                     &efukef? ZGef 23
aMumifh AMA um;ukrÜPDudk                      aMu;ray;aqmifay;ojzifh vdrf         aMumif;? pufrI0efBuD;Xmeu                          &efukefNrdKUawmf pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDu arv 18 &ufaeYrSpí uefx½dkufvdkifpif
w&m;raMumif;jzifh w&m;pGJqkd                  vnfrIjzifh awmif'*kHNrdKUe,f        'Pf½kdufaomtcg um;a&mif;                     aMu; odef; 100 rS odef; 500 txd wdk;jr§ifhowfrSwfvkdufjcif;aMumifh vdipifr&Sonfh uefx½duf k f            d           k
  h
cJaMumif;? AMA um;ukrPu              Ü D      w&m;½kH;okdY wifjycJh&m w&m;½kH;    olu wm0efr,lí rdrd\um;                       rsm;ESifh wpfEiwpfyiuefx½dursm; avsmenf;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; aqmufvya&;vkyief;&Sirsm;
                                                                                                                                                kd f         kd f   k f              h                                            k f     f       f
vnf; OD;&Jjrifhtay: odef;                     uy,fcscojzifh w&m;raMumif;
                                                           hJ                     vkdifpifrJh rjzpfapa&; udk,fwkdif            xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
3000 avsmfaMu; &vdkrIrsm;jzifh                jzifh qufvufpGJ&ef jyifqif          tcGefaqmifcJh&aMumif;? xkdY                        ]]uefx½dkuf vdkifpifaMu;u odef; 100 uae odef; 500 txdjrifwufom;awmh uefx½duf      h              G               k
rEÅav;c½dkif w&m;½kH;wGif rwf                 vsuf&SdaMumif; ajymqkdonf/          aMumifh epfemrIjzpfay:&aMumif;               tiSm;vdkifpifaMu;awGuvnf; 10 odef;uae odef; 50 txd jrifwufEiw,f/ tJ'vjkd zpfvm   h            kd f           D
v 9 &ufaeYrSpwifNyD; tjyef                          ]]uRef r wd k Y u w&m;a&;     &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                     kd f        kd              f
                                                                                                                               &if vdkifpifiSm;aqmufwJholawGeYJ wpfEiwpfyif tao;pm;vkyief;awGu aysmufuG,foGm;Edkif
tvSef w&m;pGJqkdxm;Muonf/                             f dk Hk
                                              r@Kdiu,w,f/ uRerwkYd jynf  f                   ]]udk,fhum; vkdifpifrJh jzpf      w,f}} [k oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f tajcpdkuf AM Construction rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u qdkonf/
      tqk d y gw&m;pG J r I tajc              olawGu rw&m;cH&wmav/                oGm;rSmpdk;vdkY 'PfaMu;ukd udk,f                                                           kd                       k f
                                                                                                                                     xdkodkY vdkifpifaMu; wdk;jr§ifhvujf cif;aMumifh uefx½dursm;? uGef'dkrsm;? wdkufcef;rsm;\
taeESihf ywfoufNyD; OD;&Jjrifu           h    'Dum;awGukd pufrZexwum;Ik f k f     ukd,fwkdif aqmifvdkufw,f/                              f               h
                                                                                                                               aps;EIe;rsm;rSm jrifwufom;Edionf[k tcsKdUaom uefx½dkufvkyfief;&Sifrsm;u cefYrSef;Muovdk?
                                                                                                                                                                  G k f
]]trItajctaeu w&m;½kH;rSm                     awGxifvkdY uRefrwdkY 0,fwm          ukrÜPDu aqmif&r,fh une                       uGef'dk? wdkufcef;rsm; aps;rjrifhwufEdkif[k cefYrSef;Muonfh aqmufvkyfa&; vkyfief;&Sifrsm;vnf;
[kdbuf'Dbuf ar;cGef;ar;wJh                    av/ aps;BuD;BuD;ay;NyD; 0,f                      f         f
                                                                                  tcGeaMu; ode; 20 ? 'PfaMu;                   &Sdonf/
tqifh a&mufaeNyD/ w&m;pGJ                     wm/ vdkifpifrJhum;awG qkdNyD;       ode; 60 oBuFetNyD;u aqmif
                                                                                           f               f                         ]]uefx½duvipifaMu; jrifwufom;wJtwGuf uefx½dutiSm;vdipifaMu; jrifwufom;
                                                                                                                                                     k f kd f              h        G h                 k f               k f                 h         G
w,fqwmuvnf; w&m;½k;udk
             dk                        H      'Pf½kdufcH&awmh uRefrwkdYu          vdkuf&w,f/ aemufNyD;awmh                     Edkifayr,fh uGef'dk? wdkufcef;aps;awGuawmh rjrifhwufEdkifygbl;}} [k yef;bJwef;NrdKUe,ftajcpdkuf
,kHMunfvkdY w&m;½kH;&JU tqkH;                 raqmifEkdifawmhbl;/ wu,f            oGm;aqmif&awmhvnf; um;                                                                dS l
                                                                                                                               MTP Construction rSwm0ef&owpfO;u ajymMum;onf/    D
tjzwfukd cH,lr,f}[k Venus                     wrf; jynfoawGu rdat;ESpcg
                                                              l               f               f hJ k Ü D
                                                                                  xkwwurPu aqmif&ovdk                                &efukefNrdKUawmf pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDoYkd ay;tyfxm;&onfh vkdifpifaMu; odef; 500
News Weekly okdY ajymMum;                     em jzpfwmyg/ oufqkdif&mu            vdkeJY uRefawmfwkdYu ay;vkduf&               rSm uefx½duvyief;tNyD;wdif &yfem;rnfqygu ay;tyfxm;onfvipifaMu; jyefvnf&&Srnf
                                                                                                                                             k f k f                 k                     kd                     h kd f                        d
onf/                                          vnf;'PfaMu;½kdufwmu puf             wm/ tck epfemrItwGuf w&m;                    jzpfNyD; vkyfief;vkyfudkifaeorQ umvywfvHk;wGif vdkifpifaMu;udk pnfyifodkY ay;tyfxm;&rnf
      rEÅ a v;wG i f y if Super               rIZkefum;ukrÜPDawGudkyJ 'Pf         pGJzdkYjyifaeMuawmh uRefawmfwkdY             jzpfonf/
Custom um;0,f , l x m;NyD ;                     d f
                                              ½kuwmygvkYdajymayr,fwu,f     h      vnf; epfemrItwGuf w&m;pGzYkd          J            ]]t&ifu &efukefNrdKUawmf0efOD;udkav; vufxufwkef;uqdk vdkifpifaMu;ay;xm;&if EdkifiH
pufrI0efBuD;Xme\ 'PfaMu;                      wrf;usawmh um;a&mif;olawG           pOf;pm;aewm}} [k OD;oufaZmf                              k
                                                                                                                               awmfA[dbPfuaeay;wJh bPftwdk;EIef;&w,f/ tckawmh 'Dvdkr[kwfawmhbl;qkdawmh odef;
            Ü D
ukd ukrPu ray;aqmifojzifh                     u raqmifay;bl;/ uRefrwkdY           u &Sif;vif;ajymqkdonf/                                      k f          D                                     hJ l
                                                                                                                               500 'Dtwdi;&if;ES;xm;&wmudk oabmruswoawGrsm;w,f}} [k Mother Land Construction
rdrdum;vkdifpifrJhjzpfrnfukd pkd;             jynfolawGrSm um;0,fwJhaiG                                                        rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uqdkonf/
&draomaMumifh 'PfaMu;aqmif
    f                                         vnf; &Sdw,f/ 'PfaMu;½kduf           rkH&Gm                                             uefx½dkuf vdkifpifaMu; wdk;jr§ifhvdkufjcif;aMumifh t&nftaoG;&Sdonfh uefx½dkufrsm; ay:
cJh&ol OD;xifatmifu rw&m;                     wJhaiGvnf; aqmif&OD;r,f/                  rkH&GmpufrIZkef&Sd um;xkwf                                                                                         kd
                                                                                                                               aygufvmEdkifonfh tusKd;rsm;&SdvmEdkifouJhodkY wpfEdkifwpfyif vkyuiaeMuonfh uefx½duf  f kd f                          k
ojzifh rdrd'PfaMu;ay;aqmif                    raqmif&if um;u vdkifpifrJhvdk       vkyfa&;ukrÜPDwpfckrS xkwf                                                                            k f                k f
                                                                                                                               vkyfief;rsm; aysmufuG,favsmhenf;oGm;EdiaMumif;? uefx½duvkdifpifcGef wdk;jr§ifhjcif;aMumifh
cJh&rItay: w&m;pGJqkd&ef jyif                 jzpfoGm;r,f/ tajctaeawGu            vkyfaom Super Custom um;                     tao;pm;uefx½dkufrsm;rSm tcuftcJjzpfEdkifaMumif; uefx½dkufwmtrsm;pkxHrS od&onf/
qifvsu&aMumif;ajymqkonf/
                f dS              d           awmfawmfudk tusyftwnf;              udk 0,f,lxm;rdNyD; 'PfaMu;                                                                                                                                  ndrf;jynfUpHk
      ]]odef;wpf&m 'PfaMu;                                        k f dk f
                                              rSmyg/ 0efBuD;ud,wiuvnf;              d f H
                                                                                  ½kuc&aomtcg um;ukrPu        Ü D
POLICY PAGE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5
                                                                                 EDITORIAL
                                                                                                                                                                                                    'Drkdua&pDjrefrmEkdifiH\ owif;vGwfvyfcGifU
               jrefrmEdkifiHawmf\                                                                                                                                                                   EkdifiHwumESifUEIdif;,SOfvQif aemufwef;wGif&SdaeaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    jynfolYvTwfawmfa&;&maumfrwDOuú| ol&OD;at;jrifU
                                                                                                                                                                                                    0efcH? vTwfawmftrwfrsm;ESifU owif;rD'D,mrsm;
                  tcsKyftjcm                                                                                                                                                                        yl;aygif;NyD; rD'D,mOya'Murf;wpf&yf a&;qGJ&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Venus News Weekly tBuHjyK
jrefrmjynfolwdkhomydkifonf                                                                                                                                                                          &efukef? ZGef 21

                                                                                                                                                                                                     'Drkdua&pD                      pepfoYdk toGiu;ajymif;aeNyDjzpfaom jrefrmEkii\owif;vGwvyfcionf EkiiH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  hf dI f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     wumESiEi;,SOvQif aemufq;wef;tqifwi&aeaMumif; jynfoUl vTwawmf tm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    upm;? ,Ofaus;rIESifh jynfolYqufqHa&; zGHUNzKd;wkd;wufrIaumfrwDOuú| vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     h G f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f        G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d f



                               ckESpfrSpwifNyD; 'Drkdua&pD qdwfokOf;cJhaom jrefrmEkdifiHwGif 2010 a&G;aumufyGJ NyD;qkH;                                                                             ol&OD;at;jrifhu 0efcHajymqkdvdkufonf/
  1962                         onftcserpwifNyD; 'Drua&pDtvif;a&mifrsm;udk pwifawGUBuHKvm&onf/ ESpaygif;
                                           h d f S                             dk
                               rsm;pGm uHqkd;rkd;arSmifuscJhaom jrefrmEkdifiHawmfwGif or®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefuJhokdYaom
                                                                                                                                                                                         f                  ZGefv 21 &ufaeY &efukef rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh uRef aumifpD qkdwmuawmh vGwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    [kdw,fwGif usif;yjyKvkyfaom awmfhtaeeJY Oya'Murf; uRef vyfwJhaumifpDwpf&yfjzpfzdkY vdk
twåukd a&SUwef;rwifbJ oef;ajcmufq,f\rsuEmudom t"duxm;aom tpk;&ppfrsm; ay:xGe;vm                         f S k                                                    d                         f        jynfolYvTwfawmf tm;upm;? awmfwdkYvufxJ a&mufvmNyD tyfw,fvkdY uRefawmfwkdY aumf
onf/ oef;ajcmufq,fudk ukd,fpm;jyKaom 'Drkdua&pDpepfudkom trSefjyKjyifajymif;vJvkdaom                                                                                                                ,Ofaus;rIESifh jynfolYqufqH qkd&ifawmh pmaypme,fZif;u rwDu okH;oyfygaMumif; wif
                               f f k
or®wBuD;OD;ode;pdetpd;&u tcsewtwGi; Ekiiwumtoki;t0di;u tHMh orSiwufavmufaponfh
                                                                    d f dk                f d f H                             d f k f                              f                                a&;zGHUNzKd;wkd;wufrI aumfrwD udk,fpm;vS,ftzGJUawG aejynf jyvdygw,f}} [k ol&OD;at;jrifh                        k
                                                                                                                                                                                                    0ifrsm;ESifh jynfwGif;owif;rD'D awmfukd zdwMf um;NyD; tcsif;csif; u&Sif;jyonf/
                                                     dk f
tajymif;tvJrsm;udk qufwutaumiftxnfazmfconf/ or®wBuD;OD;ode;pdeuoYdk jynforsm;av;                                hJ                                         f f hJ               l
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ,mrsm; rD'D,mOya'udpö awGU tjyeftvSef n§dEIdif;aqG;aEG;                                                          ,if;tpnf;ta0;odkY Ve-
pm;xkdufaom tpkd;&acgif;aqmifwpfOD;ay:xGef;vmjcif;u tem*wf'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHawmfopfBuD; ay:
                                                                                                                                                                                                        H
                                                                                                                                                                                                    qkaqG;aEG;MupOf ¤if;utxuf tjyefjyeftvSefvSef okH;oyfNyD; nus News Weekly tygt0if
xGef;a&; wGef;tm;BuD;wpf&yfyifjzpfonf/ 'Drkdua&pD[kqdkvdkufonfESifh jynfolvlxktm;vkH; av;pm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ygtwkdif; ajymqdkvdkufjcif;jzpf awmh b,fvdkjzpfoifhw,fqkd jynfwGif; owif;rD'D,mrsm; pkH
cspfcif MunfnKdaom a':atmifqef;pkMunfu xdyfwef;ae&mrS yg0ifaeonf/ 'Drkdua&pD&&Sda&;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                    onf/                                                       wm aqG;aEG;oGm;rSm jzpfyg vifpm wufa&mufcNhJ yD; tpnf;   G
Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESifh vlYtcGifhta&;rsm;pGmtwGuf vlxkacgif;aqmif a':atmifqef;pkMunfu a&SUwef;rS                                                                                                                                  d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ]]jrefrmEkii&UJ pmaypme,f w,f}} [k ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/ ta0;wGiVenus News Weekly                                            f
OD;aqmifNyD; ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm udk,fusKd;rzuf pGrf;pGrf;wrHaqmif&GufcJhonf? aqmif&GufaeqJjzpfonf/                                                                                                   Zif; vGwfvyfcGifhtajctaerSef                                    rD'D,m Oya'Murf;onf u vTwfawmftrwfrsm;ESifh rD'D
xkduJhokdYaom jynfolvlxkav;pm;MunfnKdaom tpkd;&acgif;aqmif or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdefESifh jynfol                                                                                                         ukd wifjy&r,fqkd&if uRefawmf owif; vGwfvyfcGifhESifh vGwf ,morm;rsm; yl;aygif;NyD; rD'D
vlxk av;pm;cspfcifaom vlxkacgif;aqmifa':atmifqef;pkMunfwkdY awGUqkHMuNyD;aemuf jrefrm                                                                                                               wkdY jrefrmEkdifiHrSm rD'D,mOya' vyfpGm ajymqdka&;om;cGifhudk ,mOya'Murf;wpf&yfa&;qG&ef                                                                   J
  d f H                                 f                             dk
Ekiia&; tcif;tusi;opfonf 'Drua&pDuO;wnfaom vrf;aMumif;ay:odYk OD;wnfaeNyD; tar&duef        dk D                                                                                                     opfwpf&yf BuKd;pm;aqmif&Guf tmrcH&rnfjzpfaMumif;ESifh pm tBuHjyKwifjyonf/
EkdifiHtygt0if taemufEkdifiHBuD;rsm;u pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqkdYrIrsm; ½kyfodrf;vmjcif;tygt0if EkdifiHtwGuf                                                                                                 aewJh tajctaerSm Oya'wcsKUd e,f Zif;aumifpDzGJUpnf;rnf[k                                                         ]]q&mOD;azjrifhu rD'D,m
                     d
zGUH NzKd;wk;wufrnfh tvm;tvmaumif;rsm; jzpfxe;vsuf&ygonf/ urÇmowif;rD',mrsm;wGivnf;                      G f               dS                     h                  D                 f                          f                h
                                                                                                                                                                                                    >cif;csueYJ avQmcsay;aewmawG Mum;od x m;&onf h owif ; Oya'&JU acgif;pOf rmwdumawG
jrefrmEkdifiH\ tHhMozG,ftajymif;tvJrsm;u xdyfwef;owif;wpfcktjzpf tNrJygpNrJ/ ,if;okdYaom                                                                                                                                                                                    dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                    &Sdaewm pmaypme,fZif; tzGJU tay: BuKdqaomfvnf; pme,f &Gwfjyuwnf;u 'DOya'udk
                                               f dk f H G
tajctaersKd;wGif w½kwEiiwif w½kwuejf rLepfygwDu xkwa0aomGlobal Times owif;pmwGif  f G                                                 f                                                             0ifrsm; tm;vkH;todygyJ/ okdY Zif ; aumif p D o nf rnf o nf h rvdcsiawmhb;/ wu,fppfref                         k f                      l                       S
                    d f dk                                                I            hf
jrefrmEkiiH 'Drua&pDjyKjyifajymif;vJrrsm;ESiywfoufNyD; tjyKoabmraqmifaom a0zefowday;rIrsm;                                                                                                          aomfvnf; owif;vGwvyfcihf tzGUJ tpnf;\ MoZmcHrrjzpf&ef wJh 'Drua&pDEiiawGrm rD',m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f        G                                       S                          dk           dk f H          S D
jyKvkyvmygonf/ ]'Drua&pDonf jrefrmEkiitwGuf 96 yg;a&m*g aysmufaq;r[kw}f ? ]'Drua&pDypH
                f                           dk                                        d f H                                                                                  dk                Hk                       d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                    uawmh EkiiwumpHcsdeeYJ wki; tvGefta&;BuD;aMumif; ¤if;u Oya'qkdwm r&Sdbl;/ usifh0wf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f d f
qefoGm;vQif jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf tEÅ&m,fBuD;rm;}? ]jyKjyifajymif;vJvmaom 'Drkdua&pDaMumifh EkdifiH                                                                                                                         dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                    wmr,fq&if aemufq;em;rSmyJ qkdonf/     Hk                                                                    pnf;urf;awGeJY xdef;odrf;Mu
taemufydkif; &cdkifjynfe,fwGif vl'gZifcsDaoqkH;aom y#dyu©rsm;jzpfay:onf} [lí jrefrmEkdifiH                                                                                                          &Sdaeao;w,fqkdwm uRefawmf                                       ]]'gaMumifhrkdYvnf; rD'D,m w,f/ vTwfawmfudk wifjyvm
           dk
'Drua&pD tajymif;tvJtay: tEkwvu©Pmaqmifaom a0zefowday;rIrsm;udk a&;om;xm;onf/
                                                                            f                                                                                                                                   H
                                                                                                                                                                                                    wkYd 0efc&rSmjzpfygw,f/ tjynfh Oya'? ykHESdyfrD'D,m Oya'u wJh rD'D,mOya'Murf;u aqG;
,if;okYd aom a&;om;csufrsm;rSm jrefrmEkii\orki;aMumif;? jrefrmEkiirS ppfreaomacgif;aqmifrsm;
                                                                              d f H                        d f                            d f H               S f                                   t0 vGwfvyfcGifhr&Sdao;bl;vkdY owif;vGwfvyfcGifh? vGwfvyf aEG;rIawGeJY b,favmufMumOD;
\ oabmxm;? jynfolvlxk\qE´udk aocsmpGmavhvmem;vnfjcif;r&SdbJ a&;om;csufrsm;jzpfNyD;                                                                                                                                                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                    uRefawmfwkdY ½kd;om;pGm 0efcH& pGm ajymqka&;om;cGiukd tajccH rvJ rodbl;/ tJ'Dawmh vTwf    hf
'Drua&pDjzifom;vSsif jrefrmEkiiNH yKuEionfqaom oabmxm;½IaxmifrS a&;om;xm;jcif;jzpfonf[k
        dk               h G                           d f d JG dk f                               dk                                           h                                                   rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifhrkdY NyD; owif;orm;rsm;&JU vkHNcKH awmftrwfawGu wifjyykdifcGifh
Venus News Weekly u ½Ijrifygonf/ ,if;okdYa&;om;csufonf oef;ajcmufq,faom jrefrmEkdifiH                                                                                                               vnf; rD'D,mOya'? ykHESdyfrD'D a&;eJY vkyfykdifcGifhudk umuG,f &Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwkdYrSm tBuH
om;rsm;\ jynfwGif;a&;udk 0ifa&mufpGufzufjcif;jzpfNyD; EkdifiHawmf\tcsKyftjcmtmPmudk rav;pm;                                                                                                                                                                          h            hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ,m Oya'u owif;vGwfvyf apmifa&SmufwOya'jzpfzYkd ta&; ÓPf &Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwkdYeJY
jcif;vnf;jzpfonf/ urÇmhrD'D,mtrsm;pku jrefrmhtajymif;tvJtay: ]ESif;cJaysmfcsdef} ]jrefrmhaEGOD;}                                                                                                                      f          G           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                    cGi?hf vGwvyfpmajymqka&;om; BuD;w,fvkdY uRefawmfwkdY cH,l vTwawmftrwfawGeYJ aygif;NyD;                            f
ponfjzifh *kPfjyKa&;om;aecsdef w½kwf Global Times owif;pm\a&;om;csufrSm jrefrmEkdifiH xGef;                                                                                                         cGifhudk tajccHNyD; owif;orm; xm;ygw,f / aemuf w pf c g awmh pifNyKdifrD'D,mOya'Murf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    rsm;&JU vkHNcKHa&;eJY vkyfykdifcGifhudk pmay pme,fZif;aumifpDtzGJU qGJMu&ifa&m rjzpfEkdifbl;vm;/
                             h                                  d hf dk f
awmufvmrnftem*wfukd r½IprEiaomoabmxm;&Sonfukd odomxif&m;apygonf/ ,if;owif;                                           d                                 S
                                                                                                                                                                                                    umuG,fapmifha&SmufwJh Oya' zGUJ pnf;zdYk BuKd;pm;aeMuwJtcsdef Plan A u wifvmwJh rD'D,m         h
                                 f                           kd
pm\ a&;om;csuonf twåutajccHaom rdrtusK;pD;yGm;xdcurnfudk pd;&dryyefaom ta&;tom;                       d            d                dk f              k f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                    jzpfzdkY ta&;BuD;w,fvkdY uRef jzpfw,fvkdY od&ygw,f/ uRef Murf;udk jyifr,faygh/ Plan B
[kyif qdkcsifygonf/ rnfokdYyifqkdapumrl or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdefu aemufaMumif;jyefrvSnfhaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                    awmfwkdY cH,lxm;ygw,f}} [k awmfwkdY tvGef0rf;ajrmufpGm u rD'D,mOya'Murf; wpf&yf
'Drkdua&pD EkdifiHawmfopfqDoGm;rnf[k ajymqkdxm;ouJhokdY jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|BuD; ol&OD;a&Tref;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ol&OD;at;jrifhu qkdonf/                                    BuKdqkdygw,f/ odkYaomfvnf;yJ a&;qGr,faygh}}[k Venus News   J
uvnf; jynfolvlxkudkudk,fpm;jyKaom tiftm;cdkifrmawmifhwif;aom vTwfawmfwpf&yf taumif                                                                                                                                  kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ZlvivwGif jyefvnfpwif pme,fZif;aumifpDu pme,f Weekly \ wm0efcHt,f'Dwm
                                    d
txnfazmf&ef oEé|mefcsxm;ygonf[k xkwazmfajymqdaeygonf/ vlxacgif;aqmif a':atmifqef;               f                        k                          k                                               rnfh vTwfawmfwGif jyefMum; Zif;orm;rsm;&JU tcGifhta&;udk udkvIdif;opfZifa0u qkdonf/
                                          f         S hf
pkMunfuvnf; vTwawmfEia&G;aumufyrsm;rSwpfqifh jynfovxvcsiaom ppfreaom 'Drua&pD      JG                                              l l k kd f                          S f          dk              a&; 0efBuD;Xmeu ykHESdyfrD'D,m umuG,fNyD; pme,fZif; vGwf                                                         ol&OD;at;jrifurl ,if;okYd   h
EkdifiHawmfopfjzpfay:a&; BuD;rm;aomt&Sdeft[kefjzifh rnDnmaom 'Drkdua&pDvrf;Murf;udk qufvuf                                                                                                          Oya'Murf; wifoGif;vmEkdifajc vyfcGifhudk aqmif&Gufay;&rSm pifNyKdir',mOya'Murf; a&;qGJ                                     f D D
avQmufvSrf;vsuf&Sdygonf/ olwdkYtm;vkH;u oef;ajcmufq,faom jynfolrsm;ta&;udkom ukd,fpm;                                                                                                               &SdNyD; wifoGif;vmygu owif; jzpfw,fvkdY cH,lygw,f/ pmay &ef rjzpfEkdifaMumif; jyefvnf
                           S
jyKaeMuonfrm txift&Sm;yif/ wyfrawmfrmvnf; jynfoYl wyfrawmftjzpf &yfwnfvmonfh ajymif;          S                                                                                                     rD'D,morm;rsm;ESifh awGUqkHNyD; pdppfa&;&JU vkyfief;udk ,m,D &Sif;vif;ajym qdkonf/
              I
vJrrsm;udk wjznf;jznf;awGUjrifvm&NyDjzpfonf/ tajymif;tvJrsm;pGmjzifh c&D;qufaeaom Ekiiawmf                                                                                        d f H             tjyeftvSef pdppfokH;oyfoGm; tpm;xkd;0ifvkyfwm rjzpfoifh                                                          jynfolUvTwfawmf tm;u
rSm pkpnf;nDnGwfrIjzifh ppfrSefaom 'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHawmfjzpfay:a&; tvSrf;ra0;awmh[k Venus News                                                                                                      rnfjzpfaMumif; ol&OD;at;jrifh bl;vdkYvnf; uRefawmfwkdY cH,l pm;? ,Ofaus;rIESifh jynfolU
Weekly u cH,lygonf/ w½kwf Global Times owif;pmtygt0if jynfyrD'D,mtrsm;pkudk owday;                                                                                                                  u qkdonf/                                                  xm;ygw,f/ pmaypme,fZif; qufqHa&; zGHUNzKd;wkd;wufrI
      d                S           d f H                  G f
vkonfrm jrefrmEkii\jynfwi;a&;udk 0ifa&mufrpGuzufMu&efjzpfygonf/ tjyKoabmaqmifaom                                       f                                                                                    ]]vT w f a wmf usif ; ywJ h aumifpDudk tpkd;&u BuD;rSL; aumfrwDwGif ol&OD;at;jrifhu
a&;om;csufrsm;udk vufcHBuKdqdkaomfvnf; ysufpD;&mysufpD;aMumif; &nf&G,fonfh tEkwfvu©Pm                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tcsdef? 0efBuD;Xmeu wifoGif; zGUJ pnf;&rSmr[kwbJ pme,fZif; Ouú|tjzpf aqmif&GufNyD; EkdifiH
a&;om;rIrsm;rjyKvkyfMu&ef owday;vkdygonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHawmf\ tcsKyftjcmtmPmonf jrefrm                                                                                                               vmwJhtcsdef 'gudk udkifwG,f orm;rsm;u vGwvwvyfvyf a&;ygwD ig;ckrS vTwawmfu,f           f G f                                                       f        dk
                  l
jynforsm;\vufxwiom &Sygonf/ rnfonfEii\ 0ifa&mufpuzufrurS vufcrnfr[kwbJ
                                       J G f               d                                              h dk f H                       G f                I kd           H                 f      Munfh½INyD;rS tao;pdwf jyef zGUJ pnf;oGm;&rSmjzpfw,fvYdk c,l pm;vS,f pkpkaygif; 15 OD;jzifh         H
pGuzufvmvQifvnf; wGe;vSe&eftqifoif&aeygonf/ ighEiiawmf? ighEiiom;wkYd \ tcsKyftjcm
              f                                    f f                                           h dS                            dk f H                  dk f H                                     vnf n§dEIdif;aqG;aEG;rI vkyf&rSm ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh pmaypdppf zGJUpnf;xm;jcif;jzpfonf/
tmPm igwkdYomydkifqkdifygaMumif;/                                                                                                                                                                   jzpfygw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSmawmh a&;tzGUJ zsufor;wmudk BuKdqdk                          d f
                                                                                                                                                             t,f'Dwm(ZGefv 23? 2012)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tcsdefvkHavmufpGm &csifrS &Ekdif ygw,f/ pmay pme,fZif;
    6           Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                                      MOTORING
2007 armf',fESifUtxuf um;opfwifoGif;&efavQmufxm;ol aehpOf&mcsDBudwfBudwfwkd;?
wpfvausmftwGif; um;opfwifcGifUjyKonfUta&twGuf 2500 eD;yg;xd a&muf&Sd
&efukef? ZGef 25
                                                                         kd f              G f hf          dS
                     ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeu touf 18 jynfNh yD;olwi;udk um;wifoi;cGiay;vsuf&&m 2007 armf',fEihf          S                             f dS
                                                                                                                                                        vsu&onf[k ,if;0efBuD;Xme                 avQmufwJholvnf; rsm;ovdk?
 pD;yGm;a&;ESifU                          G f                                  f dk
                     txuf um;opfwifoi;&efavQmufxm;ol aeYpOf&mcsDBudwBf udww;vsuf&NdS yD; arv 11 &ufrS ,ck ZGev 25         f                             rS od&Sd&onf/                            udk,fwkdif avQmufwJholawG
                                   f       G f               D                          dS
&uftxd wpfvausmfumvtwGi; wifoi;cGijhf yKonfh um;opfp;a& 2500 eD;yg;xda&muf&vmNyDjzpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;oef;         hf l                                 ]]um;ukrÜPDu wpfqifh                vnf;awGUw,f}} [k aejynf
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmexHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                        hJ l
                                                                                                                                                        avQmufwoawGvnf; &Sw,f/   d               awmf pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;
     ]]0ef B uD ; Xme taeeJ Y u aemufaeYapmifhwmrsKd; &Sdwwf *Pef;txufrmyJ &Sw,f/ tck txd wjznf;jznf;ta&twGuf
                                                                              S d                                                                           Ü D
                                                                                                                                                        ukrPawGbufu bPfpm&if;                    a&mif;0,fa&; 0efBuD;XmewGif
awmh vdkifpifawGudk aeYcsif;NyD; w,f/ um;oGif;zdkYavQmufwJh xufxd um;opfwifoi;zdYk cGihf u wufaerSmyg}} [k pD;yGm;a&;
                                                                                    G f                                                                 utp tukefvkH; vdkufzGifhay;                 k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                 vdipif oGm;a&mufavQmufxm;
atmifvyay;aeygw,f/ 'gay vluvnf; wpfaeYxufwpfaeY jyKxm;wm pD;a& 2300 &SvmNyD/ ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&; 0ef
            k f                                                                       d                                                                 w,f/ avQmufcsifwJholu rSwf               cJhol &efukefNrdKUcHwpfOD;u qdk
r,fh vlawG t&rf;rsm;&ifawmh ydkydkrsm;vmw,f/ aeYpOf &m &ufydkif;twGif; 2500? 3000 BuD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdol nTefMum;                                         ykHwifeJY oef;acgifpm&if;yJ ay;          onf/
                                                                                                  a&;rSL;wpfOD;u Venus News                             vkduf½kHyJ/ um;ukrÜPDawGbuf                     um;opf wif o G i f ; &ef
   odef; 150 ausmf aps;aygufonfU HONDA Fit                                                        Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                       um;opf avQmufxm;Mu
                                                                                                                                                        u vdkifpif oGm;avQmufwmu
                                                                                                                                                        tp w&m;0if yg0gvT J p meJ Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                 avQmuf x m;Muol trsm;pk
                                                                                                                                                                                                 teuf tif*sifyg0g 1300 pDpD
   um;wpfpD; tNyD;tpD; usyfodef; 100 jzifU a&mif;rnf[kqkd                                         &mwGif udk,fwkdif vma&muf
                                                                                                  avQmufxm;olrsm; &SdouJhokdY
                                                                                                                                                        avQmufay;wJh 0efaqmifrIrsKd;
                                                                                                                                                        awG &Sdw,f/ avQmufwmwif
                                                                                                                                                                                                 atmufum;rsm; wifoGif;&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                 avQmufxm;Muol trsm;pk yg
                                                                                                  yg0g vTJpmrsm;jzifh vma&muf                                   f l d f
                                                                                                                                                        r[kwb;? EkiijH cm;uum;vSr;    f          0ifaMumif; aejynfawmf pD;yGm;
  eDw;  dk
                                                                                                  avQmufxm;Muonfrsm;vnf;                                rSmwm qdyfurf;a&muf? eHygwf              a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
  &efukef? ZGef 23
                                                                                                  &SaMumif;? 0efBuD;Xmetaejzifrl
                                                                                                    d                         h                         xGufwJhtxd vkyfay;w,f/                                  S Hk      dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                 0efBuD;XmexHrpprf;od&&onf/
           2007 armf',f HONDA
  Fit um;opf wpf p D ; vQif
                                                                                                  vdkifpif avQmufxm;rIrsm;udk                           tJ'gtwGufawmh 0efaqmifc
  tcGefaqmif tNyD;tpD; usyf                                                                       vsifjrefatmif vkyfaqmifay;                            p&dwfay;&wmaygh/ ukrÜPDeJY
   odef; 100 jzifh wifoGif;
   a&mif;csoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
   jynfwGif; um;ukrÜPDwpfck
                                                                                                                      wuúpDwpfpD; odef; 30 ueOD;ay;acsNyD; wpfaeh
   jzpfonfh A.K Trading Co.,
   Ltd. Car Autcion Service
                                                                                                                      12500 usyfEIef;ESifU okH;ESpfjynfUay;acsNyD;vQif rdrdydkif,mOftjzpf
   \ ZGef 20 &ufu EdkifiHykdifowif;pmwGif aMunmcsuft& od&onf/
          ]]ykdufqH&SdwJh olaX;awGuawmhodef;axmifcsDaewJhum;awGudkvnf; pD;Edkifygw,f/ tckvkd
                                                                                                                      0,f,lEkdifaompepf qmul&mum;ukrÜPDpwif
                                  G f f
   a&mif;cs&wJh t"du&nf&,csuuawmh 0efxrf;rdom;pkawGeYJ vlvwfwef;pm;awGtwGuf wefz;              kd                     &efukef? ZGef 25
   enf;um;tjzpf apwemeJYa&mif;csay;wmyg/ tpD;a& tuefYtowfeJYaqmif&Gufay;wm jzpfyg                                           jynfwGif;um;ukrÜPDwpfckjzpfaom qmul&m um;ukrÜPDu wuúpDwpfpD;vQif odef; 30
   w,f}}[k jynfwGif;um;ukrÜPDrS wm0efcHwpfOD;u Venus News Weekly odkYajymonf/                                                                                           H f d                  d dk f kd
                                                                                                                      ueOD;ay;acsNyD; wpfaeYvQif usyf 12500 jzifh ok;ESpwwd ay;acsNyD;vQif rdru,yif wuúptjzpf D
          usyfodef; 100 jzifh a&mif;csrnfh HONDA Fit um;rsm;onf armf',f 2007? Grade 3.5                               0,f,lEkdifaompepfudk pwifvdkufNyDjzpfaMumif; ,if;ukrÜPDrS w&m;0ifxkwfjyefaMunmcsuft&
   ? tif*sifyg0g 1300 pDpDjzpfum unerS vkdifpif&onftxd aqmif&Gufay;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
                                                                                                                      od&Sd&onf/
   tqkdyg um;ukrÜPDrS wm0efcHu&Sif;jyonf/
                                                                                                                            ]]um;u tif*sifyg0g 1200? 1300 pDpDum;awGyg/ odef; 30 ueOD;ay;vkduf&if wuúpD
                Ü D                             d f hJ                      f f
          ]]ukrPawGtaeeJY olwYkda&mif;Ekiwaps;eJYa&mif;wmyg/ 'gudk aps;uGuzsuw,fvYkd ajymvdYk
                                                                                                                      wpfpD;xkwfay;vkdufr,f/ wpfaeYudk usyf 12500 EIef;eJY okH;ESpfwdwd ay;acs&r,f/ okH;ESpfjynfhNyD;
   r&ygbl;/ um;yGJpm;awGtaeeJYuvnf; olwkdY bmjzpfvkdY a&mif;EdkifwmvJ? igwkdYvnf; a&mif;
     k f                  f          dk                         kd
   Ediatmif bmvky&rvJqwm pOf;pm;&rSmyg/ tckvkd wefz;enf;um;awG a&mif;ay;awmh vlwi;         dk f                                   d f dk f            G                            f kd
                                                                                                                      &ifawmh uk,yi,mOfjzpfom;r,f/ 'gayr,fh aemufxyf 2 ESpuawmh ukrPemrnfeYJ yJ qufNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                                              Ü D
                    d       d f H                                     f f l    D
   eD;yg; um;pD;EkiNf yD; EkiiawmfzUHG NzdK;wmaygh}}[k um;0,fa&mif;uRr;usiowpfO;u oH;oyfonf/
                                                                                    k                                                                k hf            hf         f
                                                                                                                      xm;r,f/ ig;ESpjf ynfNh yD;rS ud,emrnfajymif;cGiay;r,f/ ode; 30 ueOD;ay;oGi;c&,f? wpfaeYukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
          2007 armf',fESifhtxuf 1300 pDpDum;rsm;udk rnfolrqdk wifoGif;Ekdifaom rl0g'topf                              usyf 12500 okH;ESpfwdwd tm;vkH;aygif;&if 165 odef;avmuf oGm;usr,f/ um;uqDum;yg}}[k
   zGifhNyD;aemufykdif; um;aps;rsm; qufwkdufusqif;um *sme,fESifh owif;pmrsm;wGif um;a&mif;                            qmul&m um;ukrÜPDxH qufoG,far;jref;csuft& od&Sd&onf/
   vkdaomowif;rsm; rsm;jym;aeaMumif;? xdkYtjyif um;ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh Show Room rsm; trsm;                                     vwfwavmtaejzifh tqkdygpepfudk taumiftxnfazmf&ef oufqdkif&m\ cGifhjyKcsuf
   tjym;ay:aygufvmNyD; tNydKiftqki0efaqmifa&mif;csaeMuaMumif;? HONDA Fit um;rsm;onf
                                            d f                                                                       awmif;cHxm;qJjzpfNyD; rsm;rMumrD pwiftaumiftxnfazmfrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qkdonf/
   [Hom0wDum;0if;twGi;wGif armf',f 2007^08 qdvQif usyoe; 160 0ef;usif aps;aygufum
                                   f                        k       f d f                                             pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeu ukrÜPDokH;ckukd TAXI 186 wifoGif;cGifh vkdifpif
   ta&mif;t0,f &yfqkdif;aeaMumif; pHkprf;od&onf/                                         eDwdk;                       rsm; w&m;0ifpwifxkwfay;vkdufNyDjzpfaMumif; ,if;0efBuD;XmexHrS od&Sd&onf/



 une ,mOfrSwfykHwiftcGef avQmUrIaMumifU tyfum;rsm;ESifU tjrifUum;rsm; xyfrHaps;xkd;us
&efukef? ZGef 25                      um;rsm;tay: aumif;^nhH rcGJ      0,fol n§da&mif;aeMuwmcsnf;                   a&mif;olu 0,foludk vdkufvH            d
                                                                                                                                                        &SaomaMumifh um;opf0,fp;vdk       D            tpk;&\ xkwjf yefcsuft&
                                                                                                                                                                                                           d
       tpkd;&u ,mOftkd ,mOf           jcm;bJ ,mOfrSwfykHwifaMu; 60     yJ/ ac:aps;uawmh &Sdw,f/                     &SmazG&onfh 0,folpdwfBuKduf         olrsm;twGuf a&G;cs,fp&mrsm;              um;a[mif;tpm;xkd; wifoGif;
a[mif;rsm; ESpftvkduf tyfESH&         &mckdifEIef; avQmhcsaumufcHrnf   'gayr,fh wu,fwrf; awhawh                     aps;uGufykHpH ajymif;vJoGm;NyD      jym;aMumif; um;0,fa&mif;                 jcif; pDrHcsufpwifonfh 2011
rnfh pDrHcsufrsm;? avQmhcsrnfh        jzpfNyD; ,mOfrsm;udk okH;v       qkdifqkdif ta&mif;t0,fjzpfwJh                [kvnf; aps;uGufuRrf;usifol          tcsKdUu qkdonf/                          ckESpf pufwifbmv 19 &ufrS
tcGefEIef;xm;rsm; aMunmcsuf           twGi;tyfEMHS u&ef? oH;vxuf
                                                f            k         aps;rsKd ; u aps;ted r f h e J Y a ygh } }   rsm;u okH;oyfonf/                         ]]tyfum;uvnf; tyfcGifh             2012 ckESpf ZGefv 14 &ufaeY
wpf&yfudk ZGefv 16 &ufaeY             ausmfvGeftyfESHvQif xkdokdYaom                       J
                                                                       [Hom0wDum;yGpm;wef;rS vkyf                         ]]owif;pmxJrSmyJ Munfh        ay;aewJhtcsdef aejynfawmfu               txd rSwfykHwif zsufodrf;NyD;
xkwfjyefvkdufNyD;aemuf aps;           tcGifh ta&;rsKd;&&ef raocsm      ouf&ifh um;0,fa&mif;wpfOD;                   Munf?h vufawGU jyifyaps;uGuf        aevnf ; 2007 armf ' ,f e J Y             ,mOf 54906 pD;wGif tpm;xkd;
       f G
uGuwif tyfum;rsm;ESihf tjrifh         aMumif; tpk;&ykiowif;pmrsm;
                                                    d d f              u &Sif;vif;ajymqdkonf/                       ukdyJ vkdufMunfhMunfh um;           txuf um;awGavQmufciay;       G hf        wifoGif;&ef avQmufxm;onfh
um;rsm; xyfrHaps;EIef; usqif;         u ZGev 16 &ufaeYwif w&m;
                                              f                G            vwf w avm aps;uG u f                    a&mif;r,fqdkwJh olawGcsnf;yJ/       aew,f/ tJ'Dawmh um;opfpD;                ,mOf 48919 pD; &SdaMumif;?
vmaMumif; aps;uGuftwGif;rS            0if xkwfjyefaMunmcJhonf/         wGif tyfum;rsm;aps;EIef;onf                  n§dEIdif;eJY aps;a&mif;r,f? wkduf   EkdifwJh tcGifhtvrf; rsm;w,f/            touf 18 ESpfESifhtxuf rSwf
pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                          ]]une tcGefawG avQmh        10 odef;eD;yg;? tyfum;pm&if;                 cef;eJYvJr,f/ aps;uGufu 0,f         odef; 100 pGef;pGef;eJY rdom;pkpD;       ykHwif&Sdolwkdif; avQmufxm;Ekdif
       pDrHcsuf yxrykdif;taejzifh     vdkufuwnf;u um;aps;awG           wGif ryg0ifaom ESpf 20 ausmf                 ol pdwfBuKdufaps;uGufyg}} [k        um;opf wpfpD;avmufawmh                                         S
                                                                                                                                                                                                 aom 2007 armf',fEihf txuf
]y}tu©&mtxd tyfESH&ef usef&Sd         xyfusw,f/ tck t&nfusKd                      d hf
                                                                       armf',ferum;rsm;rSm 15 ode;             f    0g&ifh um;0,fa&mif;wpfOD;u          tomav;&aeNyD/ t"du um;                   um;wifoGif;cGifhrSmrl 2500 eD;
aeaom um;rsm;udk tyfESHrnfh           tyfum;qdk&if 50 awmif ray;       eD;yg;? tjrifhum;opfrsm;rSm                  okH;oyfajymqkdonf/                         D     d f
                                                                                                                                                        opfp;vdYk &Ekir,fh tcGitvrf;
                                                                                                                                                                                  hf             yg;xd&SdvmNyDjzpfaMumif; od&Sd
,mOftay: aumif;^nHh rcGJjcm;          csifbl;/ ESpf 20 ausmf um;awG    odef; 20 eD;yg; toD;oD; vdkuf                      um;tkd um;a[mif;rsm;udk       rsm;wmyg/ um;opfawG 0if                  &onf/
bJ ,mOfrSwfykHwifaMu; 40 &m           tukefvkH; aps;awGvdkufxkd;us     yg usqif;vsuf&Sdonf[k aps;                   tyfESHvJvS,fcGifh jyKaeouJhodkY     wmeJYtrQ aps;utusbufuyJ             kd
cdkifEIef;? pDrHcsuf 'kwd,ykdif;]A}   wm/ tjrif h u m;awG u awmh            f          f H
                                                                       uGutwGi;rS pkprf;od&&onf/ dS                 tjcm;wpfzufwGifvnf; um;             OD;wnfaew,f}} [k 0g&ifh um;
tu©&mrS ESpf 20 ausmf tyfESH          aygufaps;qkdwmrsKd; a&mif;ol?         um;aps;uG u f yk H p H o nf             opfrsm;udk wifoi;cGijhf yKvsuf
                                                                                                                                        G f             0,fa&mif;u okH;oyfonf/
Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                         7
     8             Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                EMPLOYMENT
tvkyform;rsm;\tajccHvpm tmqD,HEIef;twdkif; wdk;jr§ifUoifU[k
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftcsKdYtygt0if jynfwGif;tiftm;pkrsm;oHk;oyf
      l
jrwfoatmif
&efukef? ZGef 23

                                  f              kf              HI         k
                             tvkyorm;rsm;\tajccHvycvpmtm; tmqD,Ee;f xm;twdi;f wd;k jr§ioifaMumif;
                                                                                       hf h                       u]] tefu,fwdkYtxnfcsKyfu                         k f d I
                                                                                                                                                      \wpf&ufvyc&&SryrmPESihf                              &Guaeol a&SUae OD;atmifo&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                              f                       l d
 jrefrmEdkifiHwGif                                         G f
                                              f
                                     kd f
                                f
                             vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm;ESihf jynfwi;tiftm;pkrsm;u oH;oyfajymMum;onf/
                                                                              k                                   tvkyform;awGvpmtwGuf                tnDppOfaeonf[k od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                             D                                             xGef;uajymonf/
                                                                                                                     k hf          kd f k
                                                                                                                  ud,tpDtpOfeYJu,xwNf y;D om;             ]]tckay;aewJh &ufaMu;eJY                              2012 ckESpf arvtwGif;
                kd f
         ]]jzpfEi&if tmqD,rtwdi;f Hl k             trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,f     vnf; ukeaps;EIe;upm;rItay:
                                                                                           f        f                                       d Id f
                                                                                                                  yg/ wjcm; Sector awGukd n§Ei;       owfrSwfaMu;awGu tvkyf                                puf½aygif; 57 ½Hrtvkyorm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 kH        k S     f
owfrway;apcsiw,f/tJ'vkd
            S f                 f    D      pm;vS,f OD;atmifMunfñGefYu         xdef;xm;Edkif&efvdktyfaMumif;?     aqmif&Gufay;zkdY ajymMum;xm;        orm;awGtwGuf b,fvdkr S                               36810 vkyfcvpmenf;yg;rI
rowf r S w f a y;Ed k i f & if a wmif       ]]tmqD,Hrltwdkif;yJ ay;apcsif                          IS
                                                                               aiGaMu;azmif;yGrrmvnf; tvkyf       wmyg}} [kajymonf/                   tqifrajyEdkifbl;/ ay;csif&if                         aMumifh qE´jyawmif;qdkrIrsm;
0efxrf;qdk&if wpfodef;? um,                 w,f/ vuf&vpmawGuvnf;
                                                             dS                orm;rsm;\vpmtay: tusKd;                  txnfcsKyf tvkyform;                    Hl df
                                                                                                                                                      tmqD,rtwki;ay;vduyg}}[k
                                                                                                                                                                           k f                             qufwkdufjzpfyGm;cJhonf/
vkyfom;awGqdk&if ckepfaomif;                               f
                                            olwYkdtwGub,fvrvavmufkd S kH       oufa&mufvmEdkifaMumif; ¤if;        rsm;tm;tpd;&aeYpm;0efxrf;rsm;
                                                                                                                             k                            kH
                                                                                                                                                      puf½tvkyorm;rsm;\trIaqmif
                                                                                                                                                                 f                                                             jrwfolatmif
avmuf&apcsiw,f}}[kjynfoYl  f                rIr&Sdbl;}}[k qdkonf/              uxyfrHoHk;oyfonf/
         f            kd f
vTwawmfu,pm;vS,f OD;&Jxe;              Gf          ]]vpmwdk;ay;wmu [kwf                      f
                                                                                     tvkyorm;rsm;\ tajccH
u oHk;oyfonf/                               ygNyD/ wpfzufuukeaps;EIe;ukd
                                                                     f     f   vkyfcowfrSwfay;&ef txnf             ukd,fxdvufa&muf apmfum;cJUaom ukd&D;,m;EkdifiHom;tm;
                        h T f
         vmrnfvwawmfwif tedrhf     G        xde;EdizYkduvnf;vdao;w,f/
                                                  f k f            k               f kf         f
                                                                               csKyvyief;&Sirsm;toif;? aqmuf
qH;vpmESiywfoufíOya'wpf
  k                hf                       tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeu a&;           vkyfa&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;?       Himo qHyifwkpuf½kHtvkyform;rsm;u w&m;pJGqkdrnf[kqkd
&yfwifjy&ef&NdS yD;xdOya'twnf k                 J       k
                                            qGwmqd&ifawmh vufcvYkd &yg   H     a&xGufvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;
rNyKao;rD ,m,Dvpm 56700                     w,f}}[k trsKd;om;vTwfawmf          ponfhvkyfief;aygif; 59 ckudk
                                                                                                                  bkef;jrwf                           qHyifwkynm&Sif rpöwm vDcsrf                          csif; trsKd;orD;tm; rpöwm vD
owfrSwfay;&ef tvkyform;                        k f           fD f h
                                            ud,pm;vS,O;zke;jrifatmifu          aqG;aEG;Mu&ef ñTefMum;xm;
0efBuD;XmerS vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESifh          ajymonf/                           aMumif;od&onf/                     &efukef? ZGef 21                    rif;tm; Himo qHyifwkpuf½kHrS                         csrfrif;ESifh rpöwm uifwkdYu
n§Ei;aqmif&uaeaMumif; od&
    d Id f                G f                      tvk y f o rm;rsm;twG u f          jrefrmEdiiH txnfcsKyfvyf
                                                                                               k f          k          udk,fxdvufa&muf apmf           tvkyform;rsm;u w&m;pJGqkd                            vufESifh wGef;xkd;? yg;½kdufjcif;?
onf/                                        vkyfcvpm wdk;jr§ifh&&SdNyD;ygu     ief;&Sirsm;toif;Ouú| OD;jrifp;
                                                                                       f                   h kd   um;cJhaom udk&D;,m;EdkifiHom;       oGm;rnf[k tvkyform;rsm;xH                            ajcESiuef? wHawmifEiaxmif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        hf                       S hf
                                                                                                                                                      rS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                                 cJMh uaomaMumifh 'Pf&mrsm;&&Sd
,lattD;tyef;ajzupm;uGif;rsm;twGuf jrefrmUvkyfom; 130 ac:,l                                                                                              df
                                                                                                                                                               ]]avsmaMu;ay;NyD;aus at;
                                                                                                                                                                    dk
                                                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                      cki;r,fq&ifvnf; vk;0ausat;           H
                                                                                                                                                                                                           um vIiom,maq;½kwijf yify
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                           vl e mrsm;tjzpf uk o &aom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                H G

                                                                                                                                                      ay;rSm r[kwfygbl;/ 'Djrefrm                          aMumifh rpöwmvDEihf rpöwmuif  S
       l
jrwfoatmif                                  taejzifh   Customer Service    ?   rmusyfaiG av;odef;eD;yg;) &&Sd     &Sdolrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
&efukef? ZGef 23                            Retail Sales     ? Markerting      rnfjzpfNyD; wpfvvQiftydaMu;k             tusKd ; aqmif c taejzif h        d f H S                     D
                                                                                                                                                      Ekiirm &if;ES;jr§KyfEr,fEiijH cm;  SH h dk f         wkdY ESpfOD;tay: ta&;,lay;&ef
     ,lattD;EdkifiH&Sd tyef;ajz                           d
                                            tawGUtBuHK&S&rnfjzpfaMumif;?       ,lattD;'Dtm[rf 300 (jrefrm         tar&duefa':vmwpfaxmifEihf      S                     dk
                                                                                                                                                      om;awGuvnf;odapcsiw,f/                       f       rodrhfjrwfcs,fu w&m;vkdjyK
upm;uGif;wGif vkyfudkif&ef 0ef              touf 21 ESpfrS 30 twGif;           usyfaiGoHk;aomif;eD;yg;) xyfrH     nDonfh jrefrmaiG,lrnfjzpf NyD;      jrefrmtvkyorm;trsK;orD;wpf
                                                                                                                                                                              f              d                  d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                           wkiwef;xm;aMumif;od&onf/
xrf; 130 ac:,lrnfjzpfaMumif;                vma&muf avQmufxm;EdkifNyD;         &&SdrnfjzpfaMumif;? tvkyfcsdef     ¤if ; tusKd ; aqmif c wG i f av     a,mufukd ukd,fxdvufa&muf                                      ]]olwYdk u trIuywapcsif  dk d f
tmbmzD; jynfytvkyftudkif                    pmcsKyf 2 ESpfcsKyfí vkyfudkif&    wpfywfvQif ajcmuf&ufqif;&          ,mOfvufrSwfzdk; tygt0ifjzpf                                   Sd
                                                                                                                                                      apmfum;vkYd&&if b,fvjdk ypf'Pf                       w,f/ 'DtrIeJYywfoufNyD; cH&
             Ü D H
&SmazGa&;ukrPxrS od&onf/                                           Ü D H
                                            rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;ukrPxrS         NyD; wpfaeY tvkyfcsdef ukd; em&D   aMumif; ,if;ukrÜPDxH quf            cH&r,f/ Oya'aMumif;t&b,f                             wJh uav;awGukd aq;zdk;0g;c
      Customer Service Repre-               od&Sd&onf/                         owfrSwfxm;um aeYv,fpm              oG,f ar;jref;csuft& od&Sd&          vkdjypf'PfcH&r,fqkdwmukdyJ                                               d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                           ay;NyD;trIywapcsifw,f/ 'grS
sentative (CSR)     twGuf ac:                    wpfvvQif vpmtm;jzifh          pm;csdefwpfem&D em;csdef&rnf       onf/                                odapcsifwmyg/ b,fvkdrsKd;ay;                         vnf; olwkdY ukd&D;,m;jyefNyD;
,ljcif;jzpfNyD; vkyfudkifvdkolrsm;          ,lattD; 'Dtm[rf 1500 (jref         jzpfaMumif; ,if;ukrÜPDwm0ef                              jrwfolatmif   qyf&w,f/ aiGay;&ifauseyf                             aq;ukovkdY &rSmaygh/ olwkdYu
                                                                                                                                                      w,fqkdwm vufrcHbJ Oya'                               ausat;ay;zkYd awmif;yefw,f}}
     Grand Royal puf½Hktvkyform;rsm;ESifU                                                   tvkyf&SifMum; rajyvnfrI                                   t&om olwkdY&JU OD;aESmufxJrSm
                                                                                                                                                      pJom;apcsiw,f}}[k w&m;vkjd zpf
                                                                                                                                                        G G                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                           [k rodrjhf rwfcs,\ tpfr wpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                           0rf;uJGu ajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f


     wkdif;cHkorm"d½Hk; rajz&Sif;ay;Ekdif[kqkd                                                                                                        ol rodrjhf rwfcs,fuajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                               jzpfpOfrSm Himo qHyifwk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ]]'DudpöeJYywfoufNyD; uav;
                                                                                                                                                                                                           awGjzpfapcsifwmukd vkyfay;rSm
            l
      jrwfoatmif                                                                                                                                      puf½kHwHcg;0ü rodrfhjrwfcs,f                         yg/ jrefrmtrsKd;orD; uGef*&uf
      &efukef? ZGef 23                                                                                                                                ESifh tvkyftwl vkyfukdifol                           uvnf; a&SUaeiSm;zkdY aiG wpf
            Grand Royal puf½Hktvkyform;rsm;ESifh tvkyf&SiftMum; jzpfyGm;aeaomrajyvnfrIrsm;udk &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; cHkorm"d                           oli,fcsif;rsm; NcHwHcg;aomh                          odef; vmvSLoGm;w,f/ tJ'DaiG
        k                       f     d f
      ½H;rS ajyvnfatmifajz&Si;ray;Ekiojzifh aejynfawmf tvkyorm;0efBuD;Xmexd pmwifrnfjzpfaMumif; puf½tvkyorm;rsm;u
                                                                   f                                             kH      f                            tm;ukdifumxkdifaepOf ukd&D;                          wpfodef;ukdvnf; a&SUae OD;aX;
      ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                    ,m;EkdifiHom; qHyifwkynm&Sif                               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                           uktyfxm;w,f/tckavmavm
                k            hJ           k f dk f k           f                k                  d f
            ]]cHorm"dwufwtrIukd &efuewi;½H;uae ZGev 19 &ufaeYu rlv½H;ukd jyefcsay;vkuw,f/ bmrSvnf; rajz&Si;ay;bl;}}          f
                                                                                                                                                      rpöwmvDcsrrif; a&muf&vmNyD;  f            dS         q,fawmh &Jpcef;u taMumif;
                  Hk   f                             l d f G f
      [k puf½tvkyorm;rsm;a&SUae OD;atmifo&exe;uajymonf/ ZGev 8 &ufwif &efuewi;a'oBuD; cHorm"d½;okYd pmwifxm;
                                                                       f             G         k f dk f      k        kH
                                                                                                                                                      rodrjhf rwfcs,\vufxü ukif        f         J d       rMum;ao;bl;/ wpfaeYuawmh
      jcif;jzpfNyD; trIppfonfhaeYwGif n§dEIdif;zsefajza&;aumfrwDrsm;u enf;vrf;wusajz&Sif;ay;jcif;r&SdbJ NrdKUe,f½Hk;udkom jyefvTJay;
      vkdufjcif;jzpfonf[k ¤if;uxyfrHajymonf/                                                                                                          xm;aom puf½kH0ifxGuf wHcg;                                     Hk J
                                                                                                                                                                                                           puf½eYywfoufwtcsutvuf      hJ              f
            ]]tvkyform;wcsKdUuawmh pdwf"mwfusoGm;NyD/ oufqkdif&mtpdk;&XmeawG&JUwm0efr,lrIaMumifh tckvdkjzpfae&wmyg}}[k                                aomhtm; qJGvkojzifh ray;bJ                           awGukd "mwfykH½kdufNyD; ,loGm;
      puf½Hktvkyform;wpfOD;u ajymonf/                                                                                                                      d f
                                                                                                                                                      ukixm;pOf rpöwmvDcsrfrif;u                           w,f/rpöwmvDuvnf; aq;½kH
            Grand Royal puf½Hktvkyform;rsm;\qE´jyrIonf ESpfveD;yg;MumjrifhvmNyDjzpfaomaMumifh tvkyform;rsm;\ pm;0wf                                   vufoD;ESifhxkd;? vnfyif;npf?                         wufae&awmh olqif;vmrSyJ
                         k f                                     h        f
      aea&;twGuf pd;&drp&mjzpfvmNyDjzpfaMumif;? qE´jyaeonf&uftwGi; tvky&iEio;BudrnEi;aqG;aEG;cJaomfvnf; ajyvnfrI
                                                                                  f S f S hf kH f d§ dI f      h                                      ajcESifhuef? tusÐukd aqmifhqJGcJh                    qufvufaqmif&uom;rSmyg}}        G f G
      r&cJhaMumif; puf½Hktvkyform;rsm;u ajymonf/ puf½Hktvkyform;rsm;onf vkyfcvpmwkd;jr§ifhay;&ef? aeYpm;rsm;udk tNrJwrf;                              aomaMumifh rodrjhf rwfcs,wif                   f G   [k rvJhvJhcifu ajymonf/
      0efxrf;owfrSwfay;&ef? trsm;jynfolqkdif&m½Hk;ydwf&ufrsm;wGif puf½Hkydwfay;&efESifh tjcm; 12 csufukd awmif;qdkxm;aMumif;                          vnfyif;? cg;? ,mar;½dk;? &if                                               S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ¤if;trIEiywfoufí vIif                      d
      od&onf/                                                                                                                                         bwf emusif'Pf&mrsm; &&Sum                       d    om,m&Jpcef;u(y) 601^12
            ,ckESpfarvtwGif; puf½Hkaygif; 57 ½HkrS tvkyform; 36810 u vkyfcvpmwkd;jr§ifhay;&ef qE´jyawmif;qkdcJh&m puf½Hk                              0wfqifxm;aom tusÐ pkwfNyJ                            yk'fr 354^323 jzifh trIzGifh ppf
      38 ½HkrS tvkyform; 22487 twGuf n§dEIdif;ajz&Sif;ay;NyD; puf½Hk 19 ½kHrS vkyfom; 14323 OD; ajz&Sif;ay;&ef usef&Sdaeao;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                                      oGm;cJhNyD; teD;&Sdol oli,fcsif;                     aq;aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif;
      tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeu xkwfjyefcJhonf/                                                                                 jrwfolatmif                rsm;0ifqJGpOf0ifqJGaomoli,f                          od&onf/                                      bkef;jrwf
LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                          Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9

   f kd f H   Sf          Sf                          k
rGeEiia&;ygwDEpck 2014 ckEpaemufq;kH xm;aygif;pnf;rnf[qkd
atmifolrsKd;0if;
&efukef? ZGef 23
                                                                                                                               2014 ckEpf ESpueyi;udk aemuf
                                                                                                                                             S f k f kd f                                   S f          k f
                                                                                                                                                                              ]]ygwDEpck aygif;pnf;EdizYkd             rGefESpfygwDaygif;pnf;a&;
                                                       f kd f H        S f k f      S f k
                     tajcjyKzGUJ pnf;xlaxmifxm;aom rGeEiia&;ygwDEpcu rGeygwDEpcaygif;pnf;Edif  k
                                                                                                                                  k                     kf
                                                                                                                               qH;xm;NyD;yl;aygif;Edi&eftwGuf            ESpzufpvH;twGuf ygwDtrnf
                                                                                                                                                                            f         k                                        f         d§ Id f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  twGuf ESpzufygwDnEi;aqG;
 rGefjynfe,f                 d Id f                                 S f G
                     &ef n§Ei;aqG;aEG;aeqJjzpfaMumif;ESihf 2014 ckEpwif aemufq;Hk xm;aygif;pnf;í                               n§dEIdif;aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpf                              f
                                                                                                                                                                         opfa&G;cs,xm;wmudk [dbuf      k          aEG;rIrsm; 5 BudrfcefY &SdoGm;NyD
                       k f H        f                   k G f   S f k          dS l
                     Ediia&;vkyaqmifrnfjzpfaMumif; xdreygwDEpcrS wm0ef&orsm;xHrS od&onf/                                       aMumif;wdYk ukd rGe'rua&pDygwD
                                                                                                                                                    f D kd                              f kH    D
                                                                                                                                                                         ygwDurSwywifNy;om;jzpfaevdYk             jzpfaMumif; ,if;ygwDESpfckxHrS
       rGefjynfe,ftwGif;&Sd rGef      aygif;pnf;oGm;Edkif&efBudK;pm;          Ouú|wpfOD;taejzifh ]]raygif;                     (rGetrsKd ;om;'Drua&pDtzGUJ )rSEpf
                                                                                                                                    f            kd            S         ajymif;zdYkcufcvYkd tckvEpygwD
                                                                                                                                                                                              J   kd S f          od&Sd&onf/
a'ovHk;qdkif&m'Drdkua&pDygwD          oGm;rnfjzpfonf[k rGefa'o                pnf;Edi&ifvnf; aygif;pnf;Edif
                                                                                        k f                              k              §d Id f
                                                                                                                               zufnEi;a&;tzGUJ 0ifa'gufwm                jzpfoGm;wmyg}}[k a'gufwm
ESifh rGef'Drdkua&pDygwD(rGeftrsdK;   vHk;qdkif&m 'Drdkua&pDygwDrS            atmif BudK;pm;vkyfaqmifoGm;                      rif;Munf0if;xHrS od&onf/                  rif;Munf0if;u qdkonf/                                        atmifolrsKd;0if;
om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJU)wdkY aygif;                  k f d f
                                      Ouú|OD;EdiaiGoe;uajymonf/               rnf}}jzpfaMumif;? ]]uRefawmf
pnf;Edkif&ef nd§EIdif;aeonfrSm             ]]wpfygwDxJjzpfzdkY qdk&if         Ouú|ae&mudkvnf; uRefawmfh
tcsdefMumNyDjzpfaMumif;? rGef'Drdk    awmh enf;enf;awmhtcsdef,l&              xuf y d k N yD ; vk y f E d k i f r ,f / A[d k      jrefrmEkdifiH jynfwGif;ü 3 'or 8 tqifh&Sd ivsifvIyf
ua&pDygwDtaejzifh ygwDzGJY            rSm n§dEdIif;&rSmaygh/ [dkygwD?         tvkyftrIaqmif tzGJUuvnf;
         k             JG
pnf;yHukd a&G;aumufyaumfr&Sif                            h
                                      'DygwDjzpfaeayr,fvnf;wu,f               oabmwlr,fqdk&if uRefawmfh                           raemxGef;
xHodkYwifjyxm;NyD; zGJUpnf;yHk        qdk ygwDwpfcwnf;u vmcJwhJ
                                                      k           h           ae&mudkz,f&Sm;ay;zdkY tqif                          &efukef? ZGef 22
jyefusygu wpfygwDqjD zpfom;    G      vlawGygyJ}}[k ¤if;uqdkonf/              oifhygyJ}}[k OD;EdkifaiGodef;u                             jrefrmEkdifiH jynfwGif;&SduGef[def;jrdKU\ ta&SUawmifbuf 25 rkdifcefYtuGmukd A[kdjyKum
Ediaomfvnf; vkyief;pOfy;aygif;
  kf                f      l               rGefygwD ESpfckjzpfaeaomf          ajymonf/                                            tiftm;&pfcsfwmpau; 3 'or 8 tqihf&Sd tiftm;tenf;i,f&Sdaom ajrivsifwpfck vIyfcwf
aqmif&GufrIawGjzpfvmEdkifao;                        l
                                      vnf; ygwDr0g'rsm;? ygwDvyf    k                  rGefESpfygwDaygif;pnf;a&;                  oGm;aMumif; rdk;av0oESifhZvaA'ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xmeu ZGefv 22 &ufaeYwGif owif;xkwf
aMumif;? 2014 ckESpf 'DZifbm          ief;pOfrsm; wlnDaMumif;? ,ck            twGuf wpfvwpfBudraqG;aEG;           f               jyefonf/
31 &ufudk aemufqHk;xm;NyD;            uJhodkY wlnDrIrsm;aMumifh ygwD          yG J r sm;jyKvk y f v suf & S d a Mumif ; ?                ¤if;ivsifrSm ZGefv 22 &ufaeY jrefrmpHawmfcsdef 09 em&D? 52 rdepf? 20 puúefYtcsdefwGif
                                                                                                                                  rEÅav;ajrivsifpcef;rS ta&SUawmifbuf 180 rkdifcefYuGma0;aom uGef[def;NrdKUteD;wGif
                                                                                                                                  vIyfcwfcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
 &efyHkaiGaMumifU &efukefivsif'PfjyajryHk NyD;pD;atmifrqGJEkdif[kqdk                                                                     jrefrmEkdifiHajrivsifaumfrwDrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u rEÅav;NrdKU0ef;usifonf ppfudkif;jywf
                                                                                                                                                     h h G          dS
                                                                                                                                  a&GUaMumwnfwnfwif wnf&aomaMumifh tjcm;a'orsm;xuf ivsif'Pfoufa&mufrI ydrc&                k kd H
ndrf;jynfhpkH                         od&ap&ef? ivsif'PfcEionfh
                                            Sd                    H dk f      jrefrm wpfjynfvHk;twGuf a&;                           d f G f dS                         k f                f
                                                                                                                                  Ekiz,&aMumif;? xdYkjyif t,fvydi;-[dr0EÅm ajrivsiaMumay:ü wnf&aeNyD; blrtaetxm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                          dS      d
&efukef? ZGef 24                      taqmufttkHtm; rnfuJhokdY                qGJcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/                      t&vnf; ppfudkif;jywfa&GUwGif ausm½dk;ozG,fjzpfaeonfhtwGuf ajrivsifab;tEÅ&m,f &Sdae
        &efukefNrdKUtwGuf ivsif       aqmufvkyf&ef ivsif b,fESpf                       ]]tJ'ivsif'Pf cH&Ekiacsjy
                                                                                             D            d f                     aom a'ojzpfaMumif;ajymMum;onf/
'Pf cHEdkifacsjy ajryHkudk 2011       Budrvyrnf? rnfonft&Sejf zifh
                                               f I f             h d          ajryHudk 5 ESpwpfBudrf Up Date
                                                                                     k         f                                         rdk;av0oynm&Sif OD;xGef;vGifu ]]t"duivsifaMumu ppfudkif;yJ/ ysufpD;rIrsm;w,f/
ckESpfrS pwifuma&;qGJvsuf&Sd          vIyf rnfqkdonfrsm;tm; od&Sd             vkyEiatmif uRefawmfwYkd BudK;
                                                                                    f kd f                                        tpnfum;qHk;NrdKUawG tukef&Sdw,f/ rvIyfwm ESpf 50 ausmfNyD}}[k ZGefvqef;wGifajymonf/
aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH ajrivsif        NyD; jynfolrsm; jyifqifEdkif&ef         pm;aeygw,f}}[k ¤if;uajym                                             kd f    f                      h S l      S   dk f
                                                                                                                                         ivsifqi&mrSwwrf;t& 1930 jynfEpf yJc;ivsifrmppfui;jywfa&GUaMumwGif aemufq;                kH
aumfrwD\twGif;a&;rSL; OD;pdk;         twGuf a&;qGJjcif;jzpfaMumif;            onf/                                                vIyfcwfcJhNyD; aejynfawmfESifh rEÅav;NrdKUwdkYonf ivsiftEÅ&m,ft&SdqkH;tqifhwGif yg0ifonf/
ol&xGef;u ajymonf/                    ¤if;uqkdonf/                                     xkdivsif'PfcH&Ekdifacsjy                   jrefrmEkdifiHwGif 2011 ckESpf rwfv 25 &ufaeY &Srf;jynfe,f usKdif;wkHNrdKUe,f 35 rkdiftuGm
                                                                                                                                  vG,farGNrdKUwGif vIyfcwfcJhaom jyif;tm;&pfcsfwmpau; 7 tqifh&Sd ivsifaMumifh usdKif;wHkteD;&Sd
                 k f
        ]]&efuetwGuf ivsi'Pf  f                 ]]ivsifaMumifh vlaowm         ajryHktm; a&;qGJNyD;vQif NrdKUe,f
                                                                                                                                  wmavNrdKUwGif tysuftpD;ESifh vlaoqHk;rIrsm;&SdcJhonf/ ZGefv 22 &ufaeY uGef[def;NrdKUteD;wGif
cH&Ekdifacsjy ajryHku qGJvdkYrNyD;    r[kwfbl;? taqmufttHkawG                                              l
                                                                              tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESijhf ynforsm;xH
                                                                                                                                  vIyfcwfcJhaomivsifrSm tiftm;tenf;i,ftqifh&Sd ajrivsifjzpfonf/                       raemxGef;
ao;bl;/ b,fawmhrS NyD;rvJqkd          u ivsif'PfrcHEkdifwJhtcg NydK           odYkjzefYa0ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;?a&;
wmvnff; aocsmrajymEdkifao;            MuNyD; vlawGaowm/ 'gaMumifh             qGJNyD;jzpfonfh rEÅav; ivsif
bl;/ bmvdkYvJqdkawmh 'Divsif          b,fae&mrqkd b,fvdkaqmuf                            H k f       k
                                                                              'Pfc&EdiacsjyajryHtm;rMumrD
'Pfc&EdiacsjyajryHqzYdktwGuf
          H kf        k JG
&efyHkaiGawG vdktyfvdkYav}}[k
                                      &r,fqwmawGukd t"duodap
                                                      dk
                                      csiw,f/ BudKwifjyifqifapcsif
                                          f
                                                                              tcsdefwGif NrdKUe,ftzGJUtpnf;
                                                                              rsm;rSwpfqifh jynfovxvuf l l k
                                                                                                                                OuúHoMum;pufteD; awmifolrsm; BuHpkdufcGifU&&Sd&ef
OD;pkd;ol&xGef;u qkdonf/
                  hJ
        ,ckuoYdk ivsi'Pfc&Edif
                        f    H k
                                      w,fqwhJ &nf&,csueYJ yg}}[k
                                                   dk       G f f
                                      OD;pkd;ol&xGef;u ajymonf/
                                                                              xJodkY jzefYa0ay;awmhrnfjzpf
                                                                              aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH ajrivsif                    tcuftcJrsm; &ifqkdifae&[k a'ocHrsm;u ajymqkd
acsjyajryHka&;qGJ&jcif;\ &nf                    xkdokdY ivsif'PfcH&Ekdifacs   aumfrwDdrS od&onf/
      f        S
&G,csufrm ivsifvycwfyguI f            jyajryHktm; 2004 ckESpfrS pwif                                                           xufEiaZmf dk f                            OD;oef;atmifu ajymonf/                   Ouú| OD;jrifhodef;u ajymonf/
ivsifvIdif;rnfrQ cH&Ekdifrnfukd       a&;qGJjcif;jzpfNyD; 2006 ckESpfü                                         ndrf;jynfUpHk   &efukef? ZGef 21                                   awmqif½dkif;rsm;\zsuf                 OD;ydkifvDrdwufudk wm0ef
                                                                                                                                       wduBf uD;NrdKUe,f OuúoMum;
                                                                                                                                           k                   H                    d f dk
                                                                                                                                                                         qD;wkucujf cif;aMumifom BuH      h       ,lcJhaom 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD;
   xdkif;pD;yGm;a&;pDrHcefhcGJrI wuúodkvfu csD;jr§ifUrnfU                                                                      pufteD;rSawmifolrsm;rSm BuH
                                                                                                                               pkdufcGifh&&dS&ef BudK;yrf;vsuf &Sd
                                                                                                                                                                         rpdkufEkdifjcif;jzpfaomaMumifh
                                                                                                                                                                         ,ck t csd e f w G i f oMum;aps;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wifat;ESifh AkdvfcsKyf at;odkuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wkYd u awmiforsm;taejzifh BuH
                                                                                                                               aomfvnf; tcuftcJrsm;&ifqif           dk   vnf; aumif;aeaomaMumifh                  jyefvnfpkdufysKd;vkdygu cGifhjyK
   pD;yGm;a&;bGJY jynfwGif;wGif avUvm&,lEdkif[kqdk                                                                             ae&aMumif; a'ocHrsm;u Ve-                 ajrrsm;wGif pdkufysKd;cGifhjyef&&Sd      ay;rnf[k ajymqkdcJhzl;aMumif;
                                                                                                                               nus News Weekly od k Y q uf               ygu BuHudk jyefvnfpdkufysKd;             ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
    bkef;jrwf                                                                                                                  oG,fajymMum;onf/                          oGm;rnf[k BuHpdkufawmifol                      ]]BuHr&vdYk uRefawmfwYkd Xme
    &efukef? ZGef 22                                                                                                                   ]]t&ifu ajr½dkif;awGudk           OD;pkd;0if;uvnf; ajymonf/                u xGufpdkufae&wmyg/ uRef
             k f H                         k f k f H D       H JG
          EdiiwumtodtrSwjf yK xdi;Ediip;yGm;a&;pDrcefYcrI wuúovuay;tyfonfh pD;yGm;a&;
                                                                        kd f                                                   ckwxi&i;vif;NyD; ajracsmjzpf
                                                                                                                                     f G f S f                                    ]]vlBuD;awGeJY awGUwkef;u       awmfwdkYvnf; rpdkufcsifbl;/
    bGJUtm; jynfwGif;rSmyif ukefusp&dwfoufompGm oif,lEdkifawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; Smart Re-                                         atmif vkyfcJhw,f/ aemufBuH                atmufajctqifqifujyefwif  h h             wu,fwrf;vnf; 0efxrf;pduf         k
    sources (SR) Education ynma&;0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rS od&onf/                                                                      d f
                                                                                                                               pkuw,f/ BuHoumcsufa&mif;                         d
                                                                                                                                                                         jyqkvYkdaus;&GmtkycsKyfa&;rSL;udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                   f                           hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wmudk cGirjyKbl;/awmifoawG     l
                                   k f                        G f
          ,if;pD;yGm;a&;bGUJ rSm oH;ESpoifwef;jzpfNyD; jynfwi;rSmyif oifMum;rnfh jrefrmausmif;om;                              w,f/ aemufykdif; 'Dae&mrSm                oGm;ajymayr,fh olYrSmvnf;                pdkufcsif&if uRefawmhfqDudk vm
                                       G f
    ausmif;olrsm;taejzifh jynfwi;ü ESpfESpfoifwef;NyD;qHk;ygu xdkif;EdkifiHrS,if;wuúodkvfESifh                                 oMum;puf0ifwnfawmhoMum;                   vdkufulnDzkdYu aiGaMu;rjynfhpHk          aqG;aEG;&ifaumif;r,f/ ae&m
                                                  kd f
    csdwfqufxm;onfh EdkifiHwumwuúovrsm;üvnf; qufvuf ynmoifMum;EdkifaMumif; SR-                                                 puftwGuf BuHpkdufMuw,f/                   bl;/ tquftoG,fvnf; r&Sd                  ajryHktwdtusav;vkyfvm&if
    Education xHrSod&onf/                                                                                                      awmqif½dkif;awG 0ifzsufqD;                bl;jzpfaew,f}}[k ¤if;uqkd                n§dEIdif;vdkY&ygw,f/ uRefawmf
               k f        S f           kfHS           f   f
          ]]EdiijH cm;eJY,O&if jrefrmEdiirmu ukeusp&dwoufomygw,f/ wu,fvYkdjrefrmjynfrm              S                          awmh uReawmfwYdkBuHpuawmif
                                                                                                                                                f           dk f         onf/                                     vnf; 'Dudpöudk BuH0,fXmerSL;
       f S f                      k f                             f        k f H
    ESpEpoifwef;NyD;oGm;vdYk EdiijH cm;rSm ausmif;oGm;wufcsi&ifvnf; Ediiwumwuúovjf zpfwhJkd                                    olawG½;Muw,f/ puf½uBuHyJ
                                                                                                                                             IH                  kH               BuHajr{uaygif; 294 {u                                     H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  eJYaqG;aEG;OD;r,f}}[kOuúoMum;
    t*Fvef? tar&duef? Oa&my? MopaMw;vs? pifumyl? rav;&Sm;wuúodkvfawGrSmvnf; oGm;                                               pkdufcdkif;csifw,f/ uRefawmfwkdY                              kd f
                                                                                                                                                                         twGuf BuHpuawmifol 53 OD;                       kH         kH S  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  puf½rS 'kpuf½rL; OD;udarmifu
    a&mufynmoif,lvdkY&ygw,f}}[k SR-Education rS wm0ef&Sdol rpk&nfrGefu ajymonf/                                                rvkyfEdkifawmh puf½Hku 0ifvkyf            rS BuHpkdufysKd;Edkif&ef BudK;pm;ae      Venus News Weekly odkYajym
                   kfH                                   k f          f          f S
          ,if;EdiiwumtodtrSwjf yK pD;yGm;a&;bGUJ oH;ESpoifwef;ukeusp&dwrm ode; 160 ausmf
                                                                                       f                                       oGm;wmyg}}[k wkdufBuD;NrdKUe,f                        k l D
                                                                                                                                                                         jcif;udunaqmif&uay;vsuf     G f          Mum;onf/
    rS 170 Mum;&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;ukrÜPDxHrS od&onf/                                                                          k
                                                                                                                               *Hnif;wef;aus;&Gmtkypk aumuf
                                                                                                                                                          f                d               d
                                                                                                                                                                         &SaMumif; wkuBf uD;NrdKUe,f wki;   d f
                                                                                            bkef;jrwf                                                                                                                                    xufEkdifaZmf
                                                                                                                                                       kd
                                                                                                                               auG;wef;&GmrS BuHpuf awmifol                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                         &if;om;pnf;vH;nDñwa&;ygwD    G f
  10             Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                                                                                              LOCAL
wpfodef;wefzkef; ,ckESpftwGif;a&mif;csrnf[k owif;xGuf
bkef;jrwf? &J&ifhrkd;atmif
&efukef? ZGef 22
                                                                                                                          bl;? tckvuf&SdESpfodef;zkef;awG                                  fG              k kd f
                                                                                                                                                                              &eftwGucijhf yKrnfjzpfNyD; rdbi;             odef;wef GSM ESifh ESpfodef;cGJ
                             d f   kf     Sf    f
                     wpfoe;wefze;rsm; ,ckEptwGi;a&mif;csrnf[k owif;rsm;xGuay:aeaomfvnf;
                                                                          f                                               awmif vkdif;tm;vHk;rzGifhao;                        w,fvDzkef;wyfqifcEIef;rsm;                   wefWCDMA zke;rsm; a&mif;cs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f
wefzdk;enf;                      f
                     apmifMh unh&rnftaetxm;wGiom&SaMumif; oufqiorsm;u ajymMum;onf/
                                      h       f    d            dk f l                                                    bl;/ 'gaMumifhwpfodef;zkef;awG                      avsmhay;rnfjzpfaMumif; ZGefv                 cJhonf/
                                                                                                                          xGufzdkYqkdwm rjzpfEdkifao;bl;}}                    qef;wGifajymMum;xm;onf/                           ,if;wefzdk;enf;ESpfodef;
     jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyf                rsm;aewmuMum;xJuaetjrwf                      twnfrjyKEdkifao;aom                [k qkdonf/                                                 jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyf                 wefzkef; rxGufay:cifuvnf;
ief; vufaxmuftif*sifeD,m                  xkw?f rvdvm;tyfyJ tjrwfBuD;
                                                       k                        pm&if;t& ESpfodef;wefatmuf                      Mr.Fone rd k b d k i f ; zk e f ;             ief;rS GSM rdkbdkif;zkef; wkd;csJU           ig;vcefYBudKwifum 18000
wpfOD;u-                                                   dS
                                          pm;aewmawG&vYkd yg/ tckvuf            aps;EIef;avsmhusaom rkdbdkif;             ta&mif;qkiwm0ef&ouvnf;
                                                                                                                                       df        dS l                         wyfqifa&;twGuf yk*¾vdu                       wefzdk;xGufrnf[k owif;rsm;
     ]]EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;&JU jyK         &dS ESpfodef;? ESpfodef;cGJzkef;awG   zkef;rsm; ,ckESpfpufwifbmv                wpfodef;zkef;ESifhywfoufNyD;                        ukrÜPD 23 ckESifh tusKd;wlyl;                ay:cJhonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif
jyifajymif;vJa&;rdefYcGef;awGt&               k f J           f
                                          vdi;qGtm;usyaewmuwm0g                          f
                                                                                twGi; a&mif;csEiaMumif; od&
                                                                                                   kd f                   owif;rsm;Mum;ae&aMumif;?                            aygif;aqmif&GufaeNyD; GSM                              f               h S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           GSM zke;udk 2000 jynfEp0ef;
                d f k hJ k f
qkd wpfoe;qdwze;u rsm;ae                       k f
                                          wdiawGenf;wmvnf;ygw,f/                onf/                                      odkYaomfvnf; ,ckvuf&SdwGif                          rdkbdkif; yxr ig;ESpfpDrHudef;               usifwGif pwifoHk;pGJcGifhjyKcJhNyD;
                   k f
ao;w,f? EdiijH cm;rSmqdk rdbi; k dk f     rdkbdkif;zkef;awGu wjznf;jznf;               &wemyHkqufoG,fa&;0ef               wm0gwkdifrsm; ravmufionfh                           tvHk;a& av;oef;wGif ,ckESpf                  jyifyaygufaps;usyfodef; 30 rS
   f         kd
zke;wefz;b,favmufrr&Sb;/     S d l        aps;usvmzdkY&Sdygw,f/ aps;EIef;       aqmifrIrS wm0ef&Sdolu-                    twGuf ze;vdi;rsm;usyaeonfh
                                                                                                                                     kf kf            f                                  f         k
                                                                                                                                                                              arvuketxd tvH;a&ckepfoe;         df          40 txdjzpfcJhonf/ ¤if;aemuf
wef z d k ; usrusqk d w mud k a wmh       b,favmufjzpfr,fqkdwm cefY                    ]]wpfodef;zkef;eJY ywfouf          twGuf wpfodef;zkef;csay;&ef                         cefYa&mif;csNyD;jzpfaMumif; od&              ueOD;ay;oGif; aiGusyf 15
uRefawmf rodao;bl;/ wefzdk;                     f
                                          rSe;vdYk r&ao;bl;}}[k qkonf/ d        Ny;D awmhbmowif;rSra&mufao;               rjzpfEkdifao;aMumif;qkdonf/                                                G f
                                                                                                                                                                              onf/ jrefrmhqufo,a&;vkyf                     odef;odkYajymif;vJcJh&mrS 2010
                                                                                                                                jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyf                         ief;rS ig;odef;wef GSM zkef;                 jynhfESpf 'DZifbmvwGif ueOD;
                                                                                                                          ief; 'k-0efBuD; OD;wifhvGifu                        rsm;udk 2010 ckESpf 'DZifbmv                         f             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ay;oGi;aiGig;ode;? 2012 ckEpf    S
 rD;½dIYcH&onfh ppfawG puf½Hkpkaps;rS qkdifcef; 30                                                                        2012-2013 ckESpftwGif; quf                               f
                                                                                                                                                                              wGipwifa&mif;csay;cJNh yD; 2012              {NyDvwGif ueOD;ay;oGif; aiG
                                                                                                                          oG,fa&;u@wGif jynfwGif;                             ckESpf {NyDvqef;rS pwifum                    ESpfodef;? ESpfodef;cGJtjzpf aps;
 jrefrmUtmrcHvkyfief;u odef; 230 ausmf rD;tmrcHxm;                                                                            ¾ d       f   k dk
                                                                                                                          yk*vuvkyief; ydryg0ifvmap                           wefzkd;enf;[kac:aom usyfESpf                 csay;cJhonf/


ndrf;jynfhpkH                             jrefrmhtmrcHvkyfief;&Sd owif;         cefYom&SdNyD; qkdifcef;tukefvHk;
                                                                                                                            vdkif;um;rsm;wGif c&D;onfusyfodyfrI avsmhusap&ef
&efukef? ZGef 23
        &cdkifjynfe,f ppfawGNrdKU
                                          xkwfjyefa&;XmerS OD;pdefrif;u
                                          qkdonf/
                                                                                rSm rD;tmrcHrvkyfxm;aMumif;
                                                                                od&onf/
                                                                                                                            NrdKYywf&xm;rsm; odomxif&Sm;aom 0efaqmifrI wkd;jr§ifUoGm;rnf
wGif jzpfyGm;cJhaom y#dyu©rsm;                  &cdkifjynfe,f ppfawGNrdKUü           ]]rD;tmrcHvkyfxm;wJh qkdif
aMumifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;tcsKdU                 kH k
                                          puf½paps;omrD;tmrcHvyxm;   kf         cef; 30 vHk;&JU tmrcHaMu;u                eDw;    dk                                          wmeJY vdkif;um;awGrSm vlusyf                 &xm;qHkrSwf 25 ck&SdNyD; NrdKUywf
ESifh tdk;tdrftcsKdUrSm rD;½dIdUcH&&m     NyD; tjcm;tmrcHrsm;ESihf touf         23 'or 725 oef;zdk; &Sdw,f}}              &efukef? ZGef 22                                    wJh udpöawGudk tay:vrf;?                     &xm;wpfcgjzwfvQif um;rsm;
rD;½dIUcH&onfh ppfawGNrdKU puf½Hk         tmrcHrsm;tm; rnfolrQ jyKvkyf          [k ¤if;uajymonf/                                            d f
                                                                                                                                      vki;um;rsm;wGic&D; onf    f             atmuf v rf ; cG J w m? cH k ; ausmf          ysrf;rQ 5 rdepfrS 10 rdepftxd
pkaps;rS rD; tmrcHxm;&SdcJhonfh           xm;jcif ; r&S d a Mumif ; jref r mh        tqk d y g puf ½ H k p k a ps;rS m               f d f I
                                                                                                                          usyoyrrsm;avsmusap&ef NrdKU      h                  wHwm;wnfaqmufwmeJY NrdKU                     apmifqi;&aMumif;?NrKd Uywf&xm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  h dk f
qdkifcef; 30 ukd jrefrmhtmrcH             tmrcHvkyfief;rS wm0ef&Sdol            ppfawGNrdKU emZD&yfuGufü&SdNyD;           ywf&xm;rsm;wGif vuf&Sdxuf                           ywf&xm;awGudk ae&mtESYHajy;                  rsm;ajy;qGjJ cif;\tqifjh r§iwifhf
vkyief;uavsmaMu;ay;rnfjzpf
      f               f                   wpfOD;u ajymonf/                      xkaps;twGuf tmrcHavsmaMu;
                                                                                   d                            f         odomxif&Sm;aom 0efaqmifrI                           qGJwmrsKd;eJY tqifajyapEdkifyg               jcif;pDrHcsufudk 2013 ckESpf
aMumif; jrefrmhtmrcHvkyfief;rS                  ]]ppfawGrS r[kwfygbl;/          tm; rMumrDtcsdefwGif ay;Ekdif             wd k ; jr§ i f h o G m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ;         w,f}}[k r.x.o (A[kd) rS                      rwfvwGif tNyD;aqmif&uom;   G f G
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uajymMum;                 wjcm;e,fawGrmvnf; 'DvygyJ/
                                                             S        dk        rnfjzpfaMumif;? tjcm;tmrcH                jrefrmhrD;&xm; (&efukefblwm                         Ouú|u ajymonf/                               rnfjzpfNyD; xkdpDrHcsufNyD;pD;ygu
onf/                                      rD;tmrcHavmufyJ vkyfMuwm              vkyfxm;onfrsm;vnf; &Sd^r&Sd               BuD;)xHrS od&onf/                                        &ef u k e f N rd K UwG i f Nrd K Uywf   NrdKUywf&xm;rsm; ,ckxufyrí        kd kd
        ]]&cdkifrSm tmrcHvkyfxm;          rsm;w,f / touf t mrcH e J Y           xyfrH ppfaq;aeaMumif; jrefrmh                                   k hf G
                                                                                                                                      ]]wd;jr§iom;r,fh 0efaqmif               &xm; tpif; 21 pif;? wpfpif;                  jrefjrefqefqefESifh tcsdefrSefrSef
                   dS J
wm bmawG&vvYkd jyefppfawmh                tjcm;tmrcHawGawmh rvkyfMu             tmrcHvyief;&Sd owif;xkwjf yef
                                                                                          kf                              rIawGuawmh NrdKUywf&xm;vrf;                         vQif twGJ 5 wG?J 6 wG?J wpf&uf               ajy;qGEirnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    J dk f
         kH k
puf½paps;yJ rD;tmrcH vkyxm;      f        bl;}}[k OD;pdefrif;u qkdonf/          a&;XmerS OD;pdefrif;\ajymMum;             BuHhcdkifrItwGuf uGefu&pf ZvD                       vQif tacguf 200? NrdKUywf                    rD;&xm; (&efuebwmBuD;) xH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k f l
w,f/ tjcm;[mawGuawmh                            puf½Hkpkaps;ü rD;tmrcHvkyf      csuft&od&onf/                             zm;wHk; vJvS,fjyKjyifa&;awG?                        &xm;vrf;aMumif;wGif blwm                     rS pHkprf;od&onf/
ckcsdefxd &SmrawGUao;bl;}}[k              xm;onfhqkdifcef;rsm;rSm 30                                                      &xm;wGJawGudk aumif;rGefwJh                         aygif; 38 blwm&Sdum um;ESifh                                                   eDwdk;
                                                                                                          ndrf;jynfUpHk                  Sf
                                                                                                                          oefY&i;oyf&yfreYJMurf;yk;ruduf I        d k
                                                                                                                          EdkifwJhxkdifcHk wyfqifa&;awG?
                                                                                                                          aemufxyf blwm½HkawGrSm&SdwJh
                                                                                                                                                                                  POND'S Reveal the Real
                                                                                                                          xkdifcHkawG? yvufazmif;awG?                             You Facebook Photo Con-
                                                                                                                          em;aeaqmifu trdk;awG? vl
                                                                                                                          ul;cHk;ausmfwHwm;awGudk OD;pm;                          test Prize awarding
                                                                                                                          ay;tqifhtvdkuf owfrSwfNyD;                                                    J
                                                                                                                                                                                     POND'S Promotion yGwpfcjk zpfonfh Reveal the Real
   Chief Executive Officer                             Proof                          Office Group                        jyKjyifrGrf;rHa&;awG pDpOfaqmif                         You yGJudk Facebook rSwpfqifh usif;yay;cJhygonf/
     Dr. Myo Min Htike                         Khin Nyein Chan                     Khin War War Hlaing                    &GufaeygNyD}}[k jrefrmhrD;&xm;                          POND'S Facial Foam trsKd;rsKd;twGuf þ Promotion
       Executive Officer                             Reporters                      Maung Maung Aye                       (&ef u k e f b l w mBuD ; )rS wk d i f ;                yGJudk 2012 ckESpf rwfv 6 &ufaeYrS {NyDv 30 &ufaeYtxd
           Thein Win                                Ni Toe                             Distribution                                                                                         k                                                 h
                                                                                                                                                                                  &efueNf rdKUESihf jrefrmEdkifiHNrdKUBuD;rsm;wGif usif;yay;cJonf/
                                                                                                                          refae*sm OD;ode;Ediuqkonf/    f k f d
             Advisor                            Nyein Pyae Sone                        Thein Kyaw                                                                                                                           l kH J l
                                                                                                                                                                                  xdkNydKifyGJwGif POND'S rS 0,f,o;pGorsm;udk pdwBf udKuf
                                                                                                                                      NrdKUywf&xm;rsm;udk ½Hk;zGifh
                                                Myat Thu Aung                         Win Htut Win                                                                                tvS"mwfyHkrsm; ½dkuful;ay;NyD; pondsmyanmar facebook
       Takatho Thinkha                                                                                                    &ufrsm;wGif ½Hk;csdef 9em&DcGJ
                                                 Phyo Wai Lin                           Hein San                                                                                  wGifwifay;um Like trsm;qHk;&atmif,SOfjydKifapcJhonf/
       Editor-In-Charge                                                                                                          d f
                                                                                                                          rwkicif NrdKUtjyifrsm;rSNrdKUwGi;               f
                                                  Phone Myat                            Legal Advisors                                                                                     0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifolrsm;teuf yxrqk ipad 2? 'kwd,
     Hline Thit Zin Wai                   International Department                                                        okYd 15 rdepfwpfcg 0ifa&mufEif               kd
                                                                                    U Thein Han (LL.B)                                                                            qk Samsung Galaxy Tablet 7"? wwd,qk&&Sdol oHk;qk
          News Editors                            Man Thit Noe                        U Kyaw Kyaw
                                                                                                                                       k            d f G
                                                                                                                          &ef? ½H;qif;csewif nae 4 em&D                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                  twGuf POND'S trSww&vufaqmifypönf;rsm; toD;oD;
       Htet Naing Zaw                                   DTP                            Moe(LL.B)                          rS 6 em&Dtxd 15 rdepfwpfcg                              ay;tyfcsD;jr§ifhcJhygonf/ arv 1 &ufaeYwGif qk&&Sdolrsm;
        Manaw Htun                                  Poe Ei Zin                              Publisher                     blwmBuD;rSxucmEki&efaqmif   G f G d f                   pm&if;udk Facebook rSwpfqifhaMunmcJhNyD; qkay;yGJ tcrf;
              Editors                               Marketing                     U Than Hlaing (04497)                   &G u f a eaMumif ; ? vuf & S d w G i f                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                  tem;udk ar 30 &ufaeY Unilever ½H;wGif usi;ycJygonf/    f h
     Kyaw Moe Htike                             Kaung Myat Thu                                 Press                      &xm;ta&twGufESifh tacguf                                0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifolpkpkaygif; 654 a,mufESifh Photo Likes
    Khin Hnin Kyi Thar                            Su Aye Mon                                Pyae Aye                                               f dk
                                                                                                                          ta&twGuw;csUJ ajy;qG&eftpD               J              pkpkaygif; 5463 &&SdcJhygonf/ Like aygif; 1295 jzifh yxr
                                                                                                                          tpOfr&Sao;aMumif; OD;ode;Edif
                                                                                                                                              d                      f k          qk&&SdcJhaom ra[rmefaZmf? Like aygif; 211 jzifh 'kw,qk        d
                                                                                                                          u ajymonf/                                                  d hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                  &&Scaom r&Sif&Sifc? Like aygif; 204 jzifh wwd,qk&&SdcJh
                                        No. 47, 1st Fl, 46 th Street, Botataung T/S Yangon.
                                                                                                                                      ]],mOfaMum ydwfqdkYrIawG                    aom reef;aemifaemif?h Like aygif; 185 jzifh wwd,qk&&SchJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                      h                                           d
    Venus News                            Ph ; 01-296081, 01-299396, Fax ; 01-299396
                                                                                                                                                                                  aom raruopfjzL ESihf Like aygif; 181 jzifh wwd,qk&&SchJ           d
                                                    www.venusmyanmar.com                                                  udkwwfEdkiforQ udk,hfpGrf;ÓPf
    Weekly                                                                                                                pGrf;&Sdoavmuf aqmif&Gufay;                             aom rtifMuif;wdYktm; qkvufaqmifrsm; toD;oD; ay;tyf
                                         G m a i l : <thevenusnewsjournal@ gmail.com>                                                                                             csD;jr§ifhcJhygonf/
                                                                                                                          aeygw,f/ ,mOfaMumydwfqdkY
CURRENCY & BANKING   Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                              11
  12             Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                                             BUSINESS
jynfyqef wifykdhrI wefcsdef ig;aomif;ausmf avsmUus[k qdk
NzdK;a0vif;
&efukef? ZGef 24
                                   Yd  Ykd              S f            f
                  rS qefrsm;jynfyokwifyrI yrmPrSm,cifEpuxuf wefcsdeig;aomif;ausmfcefY                              ode;rS 5 ode;xdwifyYkd om;rnf
                                                                                                                        f       f          G            aeojzifh jynfwGif;ü qefvuf            bJ ,ckrdk;pyg;pdkufcsdefwGif pdkuf
 jrefrmEdkifiH                  dS            k f H
                  avsmhusvsuf&aMumif; jrefrmEdiiqefpyg;vkyief;&Sirsm;toif;Ouú| a'gufwm
                                                            f    f                                                 jzpfNyD; ,if; 5 rSwfqefwpf           usefrsm;aeNyD; qefaps;ESifh pyg;      {ursm; avsmhusvmaMumif;
OD;pdk;xGef;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                         wefvQif 480 a':vmESihf a&mif;        aps;rsm; usqif ; aeaMumif ;                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                              awmif'*HNk rdKUe,ftwGi;&Sd qef
     NyD;cJhonfhESpf ZGefvwGif        0,f,lMuaMumif; ¤if;u quf                     d
                                                                             uqkonf/                               csoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkd        awmifolrsm;rSmvnf; pyg;aps;           vufvD vufum;a&mif;0,f
jynfyodkYwefcsdef ESpfodef;ausmf      vufajymMum;onf/                             jrefrmEdkifiHrS 25 rSwfqef       onf/ ,ckESpfwGif jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd    aumif;r&ojzifawmifotrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                        h          l          olwpfO;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                    D
cefY wifydkYcJhaomfvnf; ,ckESpf            ]]tdE´d,uvnf; wpfwef              rsm;onf tmz&duEdkifiHrsm;okdY         qefrsm; jynfywifydkYrIavsmhus        pk acs;aiGrsm;ay;qyfEdkifjcif;r&Sd                            NzdK;a0vif;
                        d f J
wGif wefcsdef wpfoe;cGcefYom                               fJJ
                                      udk a':vm 320 0ef;usieYya&mif;         t"du wifydkYNyD; w½kwfEdkifiHodkY
tmz&duokdY wifydkY&aMumif;
¤if;u qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
                                                d´
                                      wm/ tdE,u jrefrmEdiixuf
                                      pm&if oabFmc 25 a':vm
                                                           k f H             vnf;abmf'gvki;rSjzpfap? w&m;
                                                                                              df
                                                                             0ifjzpfap wifyYkda&mif;csaMumif;?
                                                                                                                    w½kwfEkdifiHrS ajryJqef t0,frsm;ojzifU ajryJESifU
     ,ckESpfwGif tdE´d,EdkifiHrS
                    d f S f
t&efqefrsm;wefcse&poef;ceYf
                                      avmufoufomw,f/NyD;awmh
                                      t&nftaoG;vnf; ydkaumif;
                                                                             vmrnfh qefjynfyaps;uGufrSm
                                                                             ,ckxuf ykdrkdaumif;rGefvmEdkif         yJqD aps;jrifUwuf
      f
xkwa&mif;ojzifh urÇmqefaps; h         w,f/ tck tdE´d,u xGuf                  aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                   NzdK;a0vif;                            k f H S
                                                                                                                                                        EdiirajryJqef0,ftm; tenf;                                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                              -4200 odYk jrifwufvmNyD; yJqD
uGufusqif;vmNyD; jrefrmEdkifiH        a&mif;awmh urÇmYqefaps;uGuf                 vmrnfh ZlvkdifvtwGif;
                                                                                                                   &efukef? ZGef 25                     i,fusqif;vmNyD; rEÅav;NrdKU           &S,f wpfydóm ,cifu usyf
\ t"du0,fvufjzpfaom tm                25-30 &mckdifEIef;avmuf us             tif'kdeD;&Sm;EdkifiHokdY trsm;ykdif
                                                                                                                          jrefrmEdkifiHtwGif; t&yf      wGif ,cifu ajryJqef wpf               4000 rS ,ck usyf 4500 odYk
        kfH
z&duEdiirsm;rSm tdE ,Ediirom
                      d´ k f H S                               d f
                                      oGm;w,f}}[k a'gufwmpk;xGe;             ukrÜPDrS 5 rSwfqef wefcsdef 2
                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                   om; tpk;&opf wufa&mufvm              ydómusyf 1500 cefYom&Saomf    d       jrifhwufvmaMumif; yJqDaps;
                                                                                                                   NyD;aemufydkif;wGif w½kwfEdkifiH     vnf; ,ck wpfydóm usyf                 EIef;rsm; w&dyf&dyf jrifhwufvm
              d f                h
  qefMurf;wpftwvQif usyf 1500 cefaps;wuf                                                                           ESifh ukefoG,fa&;vrf;aMumif;
                                                                                                                   rsm; w&m;0ifzGifhvSpfay;vdkuf
                                                                                                                                                                             h
                                                                                                                                                        2000cefYoYdkjrifwufvmaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                        ¤if;u qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                              cJhaomfvnf; pm;tkef;qDrsm;rSm
                                                                                                                                                                                              urÇ m h a ps; usqif ; aeojzif h
                                                                                                                   ojzifh w½kwfEdkifiHodkY ajryJqef            jrefrmEdkifiHtwGif; ajryJ      ,cifu wpfydómusyf 1800
   NzdK;a0vif;                                                                                                     wifydkYrI rsm;jym;vmjcif;aMumifh     qef ukefMurf; &Sm;ygvmojzifh          0ef;usifcefY &SdcJh&mrS ,ck usyf
   &efukef? ZGef 23                                                                                                jynfwGif;ajryJqefESifh yJqDaps;      jynfwGif; yJqDaps;EIef;jrifhwuf       1700 odkY usqif;oGm;aMumif;
          tcsdefumvMumjrifhpGm aps;EIef;tedrfhqHk;wGif NidrfaecJhaomqefMurf;aps;EIef;rsm;rSm NyD;cJh                    f         h        f dS
                                                                                                                   EIe;rsm; jrifwufvsu&aMumif;          vmcJhNyD; qefwpfydóm usyf             ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
   onfh ZGefv 18 &ufaeYrSpwifí wpftdwfvQif usyf 1500 cefY jyefvnfjrifhwufvmaMumif;                                 rEÅav;NrdKU&Sd yJukefonfwpfOD;                              h
                                                                                                                                                        500? 1000 cefY jrifwufvmo                   odYk aomfvnf; ,ck&ufyi;  dk f
   0g;wef;qdyfurf;tajcpkduf qefpyg;ukefpnf'kdifxHrS pHkprf;od&dS&onf/                                              uajymonf/                            jzifh 0,fvkdtm;usqif;vsuf&Sd                        f kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                              wGif w½kwEiirS ajryJqef0,f
          ]]tckrdk;pyg;pdkufcsdefa&mufvmawmh awmifolawGpkdufcsifatmif aps;enf;enf;wifum                                   ]]t&ifu w½kwfvdkif;rzGifh     aMumif; bk&ifhaemif yGJ½kH0if;        ,lrI avsmhenf;aeonfhtwGuf
   pyg;aps;vnf;wufvmw,f}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                           cifu ajryJvHk;qefu atmuf             twGif;&Sd 0if;pHjypm;oHk;qDyGJ½HkrS   jynfwGif;wGif yJqDa&mif;tm;
          oBuFefyGJawmfNyD;qHk;onfh tcsdefrSpwifí qefaps;EIef;rsm; aps;tedrfhrSmyifNidrfaecJhNyD; ,ck              vrf;uoGm;awmh rsm;rsm;pm;                        k
                                                                                                                                                        OD;0if;udu qufvufajymMum;             usqif;vmum ajryJqDaps;EIef;
   ZGefvwwd,tywfrSom jyefvnfjrifhwufvmaMumif;? qefMurf;aps;rsm;omru qefacsmaps;?                                   pm;rxGufbl;/ tckw&m;0if              onf/                                              h
                                                                                                                                                                                              xyfrjH rifwuf&efenf;yg;aMumif;
   qefuGJaps;rsm;vnf; tenf;i,fjrifhwufvmaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jyonf/                                                       hf     d f
                                                                                                                   vrf;zGiay;vkuawmh ykYd wmrsm;               bk&ifhaemif yGJ½Hk0if;twGif;          h        JG kH kd f S f
                                                                                                                                                                                              bk&ifaemify½yi&irsm;u ajym
          &cdkifjynfe,ftwGif; ZGefv 8 &ufaeYu pwifí jzpfyGm;cJhaom y#dyu©rsm;aMumifh &efukef                       NyD;jynfwGif;rSm ukefMurf;&Sm;                 k              f G
                                                                                                                                                        &Sd pm;oH;qDaps;uGuwif ,cif           Mum;onf/
   NrdKUcHrsm; pdk;&drfpdwfjzifh t"dupm;aomufukefjzpfaom qefukd t"duxm; 0,f,lMuNyD; ZGefv                          vmwm}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/                              D kd k
                                                                                                                                                        u ajryJq½;½d; wpfyóm usyf d
   15 &ufaeYu xkwfa0cJhaom aiGusyf 10000 wefaMumifhvnf;tenf;i,fyg0ifaMumif; ¤if;u                                                    kd f    f
                                                                                                                          ,ck &ufyi;twGi; w½kwf         3000-3200 rS ,ckusyf 4000                                           NzdK;a0vif;
   qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
          ,ckvuf&Sda&Tbdkay:qef; wpftdwfvQif 34500 usyf? {&m0wDay:qef;wpftdwfvQif usyf
   31000 ? awmifysHwpftdwfvQif usyf 23000-30000? rdk;qefMurf;wpftdwfvQif usyf 16000?                                w½kwfEdkifiHrS 0,fvufrsm;ojziUf ocGm;arT;
   aEGqefMurf;wpftdwfvQif usyf 14500 cefY&SdaMumif; awmif'*HkNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd qefa&mif;0,f
   olwpfOD;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
          ]]qefaps;uatmufq;a&mufaeawmh xyfusvdYk rjzpfawmhb;/ wufvmzdYk y&w,f/ xyfus
                                  kH                                 l             J dS
                                                                                                                    aps;jrifUwufvm
   &ifvnf;awmifolawG pdkufcsifawmhrSmr[kwfbl;}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/
                                                                                                                   NzdK;a0vif;                          a&mif;csaeMuaMumif; ¤if;u             arT;pdkufysKd;ol rrdrdarmfu qkd
          NyD;cJhonfhESpfrsm;u ZGefvukefydkif;avmufrSom qefaps;EIef;rsm; jyefvnfjrifhwufvmavh
                                                                                                                   &efukef? ZGef 18                     qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/                     onf/
     d                    S f G          S f                       h
   &Saomfvnf; ,ckEpwif &ufowåEpywfcefYapmí jyefvnfjrifwufvmaMumif;? rd;pyg;pduysKd;     k           k f
                                                                                                                         jrefrmEdkifiH tv,fydkif;a'                     kf        dk f
                                                                                                                                                                jrefrmEdiiH tylyi;a'orsm;                   h h S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      NyD;cJonfEpu w½kwEiiH       f kd f
   csdefa&muf&Sdvmojzifh rdk;pyg;aps;EIef;rSm ,cifuwpfwif;vQif usyf 2700? 2800 cefY&SdcJh&mrS
                                                                                                                                 k f
                                                                                                                   owGif pduysKd;aom opfcm;arT;G        wGif w½kwfEdkifiHtwGif; ocGm;         wGif ocGm;arT; wpfuDvkd 3-4
   ,ck usyf 3200? 3300 cefYodkYjrifhwufvmNyD; aEGpyg;wpfwif;vQif usyf 2700? 2800 cefY&Sd
                                                                                                                   oD;rsm;tm; w½kwfEdkifiHrS 0,f        arT;(t0g)ESihf z&JocGm;(tpdr;)   f    ,Grfom&&SdcJhNyD; ,ckESpfwGif 6
   aMumif; ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                              h
                                                                                                                   ,lrI jrifwufvmojzifh ,ckEpf      S   rsm;t"dupkdufysKd;NyD; ocGm;arT;            f           d
                                                                                                                                                                                              ,Grtxd&&SaMumif;? jrefrmEdiiH           k f
                                                                       l     dk f
          ]]pyg;aps;u wtm;usaeawmh v,form;awG rcHomawmhb;/ tckpu&moDa&mufvmvdYk
                                                                                                                   jrefrmhocGm;arT; aps;EIef;rsm;       oD;wpfuDvkdvQif w½kwf,Grf 6           rS ocGm;arT;oD; wpfvHk;vQif 6
   v,form;awG pdkufcsifatmifpyg;aps;qGJwifay;wm}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/
                                                                                                                   aps;aumif ; vsuf &S d a Mumif ;      ,Grf&&SdaMumif;? tqkdyga'orS                   dk
                                                                                                                                                                                              uDvrS 10 uDvdk txd&aMumif;     dS
          ,ckESpfwGif jynfywifydkYrIavsmhuscJhojzifh qefMurf;rsm;jynfwGif;ü vufusefrsm;aeNyD;
                                                                                                                            f kd f H
                                                                                                                   w½kwEiia&TvND rdKUokYdocGm;arT;      ocGm;arT;oD;rsm;onf w½kwf             ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
             f                               d´ d f H
   aps;EIe;usqif;aejcif;jzpfaMumif; tdE,EkiirS t&efqefrsm;tm; tmz&duaps;uGuoYkd aps;EIe;    f              f
                                                                                                                   oD;rsm; oGm;a&mufa&mif;csae            k f H
                                                                                                                                                        EdiioYdkom t"duwifyYdka&mif;cs                ocGm;arT;oD;rsm;onf wpf
                                                       f                                  h
   avQmhcsum a&mif;csojzifh jrefrmhqefjynfyaps;uGuusqif;cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif; bk&ifaemify½0if;        JG kH
                                                                                                                   aom ukefonfwpfOD;u ajym              NyD; jrefrmEdkifiHtwGif; opfoD;           f         S f     JG kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                              ESpvQifEp&moDcpuysKd;í puf
   twGif;&Sd qefjynfywifydkYaomukrÜPDydkif&SifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                   Mum;onf/                             aps;uGufwGif aps;rudkufojzifh         wifbmvESifh Ekd0ifbmvrsm;
          qefuGJrsm;rSmvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHe,fpyfa'orsm;rS t0,fpGJvmNyD;wifydkYrIrsm;vmojzifh aps;
                                                                                                                         ,ck&moDwGif w½kwfEdkifiH                 Gf            I
                                                                                                                                                        jynfwi;ü a&mif;csrtvGeenf;     f      wGif pkdufysKd;EkdifNyD; Ekd0ifbmv
   EIef;tenf;i,fjrifhwufvmaMumif;? ,ckvuf&Sd qefuGJ 0rf;wl; wpftdwfvQif usyf 10600?
                                                                                                                   twGif; opfcGm;arG;oD;&Sm;yg;         yg;aMumif; ausmufqnfNrdKUe,f          wGif pkdufysKd;aom ocGm;arT;rsm;
   wl;o&D;zkd; wpftdwfvQifusyf 10400? tacsm (Ex) wpftdwfvQif usyf 12000 rSusyf 14000
                                                                                                                   csdefodkY a&muf&Sdaeojzifh jrefrm    twGif; ocGm;NcH 45 {u pkduf           \ cl;,lumvrSm ESpvMumjrifh  f
   txd&SdaMumif; ajrmufOuúvmNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd qefuGJvufvDvufum;a&mif;0,fol wpfOD;u
                                                                                                                   EdkifiHrS toD;rsm; rSm,laeNyD;       ysKd;aom ocGm;NcHykdif&SifwpfOD;      aMumif; ,ckvuf&Sd ocGm;arT;
   qufvufajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                   ,cifu rEÅav;? rlq,f aps;             u qufvufajymMum;onf/                  aps;uGuftwGif; ,cifuxuf
          ]]ppfawGrSmqdk yGJpm;awGu &orQqefuGJ tukefodrf;0,faeMuwm}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/
                                                                                                                   uGufrsm;rS 0,f,lcJhaomfvnf;                  ]]opfcGm;arT;uw½kwfrSm                    f h
                                                                                                                                                                                              aps;EIe;jrifwufaeaMumif;EdiiH         k f
          vmrnfhqefaps;uGuftwGif; qefMurf;aps;EIef;rsm;rSm ododomom ajymif;vJjcif; r&SdEkdif
                                                                                                                                     l
                                                                                                                   ,ckawmiforsm;qDrS wku½uf  d f kd         d
                                                                                                                                                        qkt"dupD;yGm;a&;xJrmygw,f/   S        ykdif owif;pm azmfjycsufrsm;
   aomfvnf; qefacsmaps;rsm;rSm w&dyf&dyfjyefvnfOD;armhvmEdkifaMumif; qefpyg;ukefpnf'dkif
                                                                                                                   0,f,laeNyD; tcsKdUrSm w½kwf          opfcGm;u at;&ifpdkufvdkYr&            t&od&onf/
   twGif;rS qefa&mif;0,folrsm;u oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/                                           NzdK;a0vif;                                                                                                                   NzdK;a0vif;
                                                                                                                     k f
                                                                                                                   EdiiH a&TvND rdKUtxd oGm;a&muf       bl;/ ylrSpkdufvdkY&wm}}[k ocGm;
LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             13

tvG,fwul&&SdEdkifonfU aq;0g;rsm;udk rl;,pfaq;0g;tjzpftoGifajymif; toHk;jyK
vli,frsm;tMum; wGifus,fpGmjzpfay:ae[kqdk
   kd
eDw;
&efukef? ZGef 23
                                                         f     d kd f h
                                    wGif tvG,wul&&SEionfaq;0g;rsm;udk rl;,pfaq;0g;yHpH toGiajymif; oH;pGrI OD;xifausmfOD;u qkdonf/  k             f            k J                                                      acwfu yJcl;okdY ay:wl*Drsm; tonf;ysufpD;um toufqkH;
aq;qdkifrsm;                        vli,frsm;tMum;wGif wGius,fpmjzpfay:aeaMumif; jrefrmEdii&wyfzUJG ? vlr0ef
                                                                           f            G                                                k f H J                I        oufqkdif&m Xmersm;\ a&muf&SdvmpOf ta&mif;t0,f ½HI;&jcif;? cE¨mudk,fykdif;qdkif&m
xrf;? u,fq,fa&;ESifhjyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&;0efBuD;XmerS t&m&Sdrsm;\tqdkt& od&onf/                                                                                      owif;xkwfjyefcsuft& 2012 jyKvkyfí ysHUESHcJhaMumif;? rl;,pf wpfudk,fa&oefY&Sif;rIr&Sdjcif;?
      ZGefv 22 &ufaeY &efuif;                                   ,aeY acwf p m;aeaom tifrwef aMumufp&maumif; ckESpf rwfvtwGif;wGif rl;,pf aq;onf tjyif;pm;?taysmhpm; ul;pufa&m*grsm; ul;pufvG,f
ynma&;aumvdywif usi;yjyK aumf½LrIrsm;onf aumf&nfwif ygw,f/ rl;,pfaq;0g;trsKd; aq;0g; trIaygif; 289 rI? ESpfrsKd;cGJum xyfrHcGJjcm;ygu 8 jcif;?aoG;pdwwufumcE¨mud,f
                                   f G           f                  S                                                G                                                                                                                                                                           f                      k
vkyfaom tjynfjynfqkdif&m "mwfqDESifh yg&mwdef;aygif;pyf rsKd;eJY pdwf<u½l;oGyfaq;jym; w&m;cH usm; 366 OD ; ES i f h rsK;txd&aMumif;? toH;jyKrIrsm; tESHY tempdrf;aygufjcif;? OD;                                          d                  dS               k
rl;,pfaq;0g; tvGJoHk;rIESifh xm;aomaMumifh rl;,pfaq; awG[mvlom;awGudk tckxd w&m;cH r 66 OD; azmfxkwf rSmpm;jcif;? ½SLjcif;? aq;xd;jcif; aESmufjynfwnfjcif;? 0uf½;jyef                                                                                            k                                                 l
w&m;r0ifa&mif;0,frwuzsua&; *kPfowåd&Sdum toHk;jyKygurl; tEÅ&m,fjyK Ncdrf;ajcmufaeqJ zrf;qD;EdkifcJhaMumif; ¤if;uajym rsm;jyKvkyfMuaMumif;? rl;,pf jcif;rsm; jzpfEkdifaMumif;vlrI0ef
                                        I kd f f
aeY txdr;trSwa[majymyGEihf ,pfuJhokdY pdwfcHpm;&umtrsm; yg}} [k vlrI0efxrf; OD;pD;XmerS onf/
                   f             f                 J S                                                                                                                                                                  toHk;jyKolrsm;onf pdwfykdif; xrf;OD;pD;XmerS od&onf/
qkay;yGJ tcrf;tem;wGif t&m jynfo½Lrdygu ESmacgif;ESiptdk vufaxmufñTefMum;a&;rSL;
                                                                      l S                                       hf                                                       bdef;jzLrsm;udk awmifil qdkif&m OD;aESmuf? tm½HkaMum?                                                                                       eDwdk;
&Sdrsm;u xdkodkYajymMum;cJhjcif; 0wGifaoG;,kdaom a&m*grsm;cH
jzpfonf/
               f
                                                                          k f
                                                           pm;&NyD; ud,cE¨mtwGi;&Sd aoG;
      ]]tdro;kH aq;0g;awGukd use;f aMumrsm;aygufxGufrIaMumifh
                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                             wpfEdkifiHvHk;wGif yk*¾vdu tajccHynmausmif; 21 ausmif; zGifUcGifUjyK
rma&;twGuf xkwfvkyfcJhwm touftEÅ&m,fp;&dr&aMumif;                                         kd f
jzpfygw,f/ 'gawGudk ESpfrsKd;? OD;wmawuajymonf/ xkYdtjyif ndrf;jynfhpHk                                                                                            awGutpd;&ausmif;awGvwcrf; rsm;u ajymonf/
                                                                                                                                                                               k                            kd                                                     rsm;üoifMum;ay;onfh oif½dk;
oHk;rsKd;pyfNyD; rl;,pftmedoif&Sd t&uf? bD,m? aq;vdyf? acsm &efukef? ZGef 14                                                                                                         d J
                                                                                                                                                                   wem;BuD;r&Sbomreftaqmuf                                        ]]ukefusp&dwfuawmh wpf rsm;rSm ynma&;0efBuD;XmerS
vmatmifvkyfvkdY&ygw,f/ Oy uvuf? aumfz?D vufzuf&nf                                                                             ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm xdef;csKyf ttHkavmufrSmyJ oif&awmh ausmif;eJYwpfausmif; rwlbl;/ csxm;ay;onfh tpdk;&ausmif;
                 h                  d
rmtm;jzifacsmif;qk;aysmufaq;? wdkYwGif uzdef;"mwfyg0ifaom uefYowfxm;aomjrefrmEdii\ tpkd;&ausmif;awGrSmvkdawmh 'gayr,fh tpk;&ausmif;wufo rsm;&dS oif½dk;rsm;uJhokdYom jzpf
                                                                                                                                                        kfH                                                                                       d
pdwfNidrfaq;wdkYrSm rl;,pftmed aMumifh pGJvrf;apaMumif;¤if;u ynma&;pepf w G i f ,ck t cg vlrrsm;bl;/ 'gayr,hvmwwf avmufygyJ/ tcsKdUausmif;awG aomfvnf; xyfaqmif;bmom                                   f
oifawG&Sdygw,f/ 'gawGudk qkdonf/                                                                                       yk*¾vdu tajccHynmausmif; wJh ausmif;om;ausmif;ol OD;a& u wpfvukd oHk;aomif;? av; &yfrsm;tjzpf jynfolYeDwdESifh
tvGJoHk;pm;rjyKvkyfzdkY rdom;pk                                 ]]rl;,pfxHkxkdif;apwwfwJh rsm;vnf;w&m;0ifcijhf yKvkuNf yD; uawmhausmif;tjynfh&Sdw,f}} aomif ; ? ig;aomif ; qd k N yD ; t*Fvdyfpum;ajym tajccHrsm;
                                                                                                                                                      G d
0ifawGuvnf; jyif;jyif;xef bdef;? bif;? uapmf? avSmfpm? vwfwavm &efukef? rEÅav;? [k ok0PÖNrdKUe,ftajcpduy*vd twef;tvkduf cGJxm;w,f/ tjyiftjcm;aom bmom&yf                                                 k fk¾
                                                                                            f                      f
xef wm;jrpf&rSmjzpfw,f}}[k t&ufwYdk uae bde;jzL? bde;rJ? aejynfawmf? jyifOD;vGif tyg u tajccHynmausmif;rSwm0ef 'gayr,fh 'Dausmif;vmwuf&if rsm;ukvnf; oifay;MuaMumif;                                                                                                           d
                                                    k               D
awmifOuúvmy &JwyfzUJG rSL;½H;rS tufzwrif;pdw<f uaq;awGukd t0ifjrefrmEdiiü yk*vu tajc &SdolwpfOD;uajymonf/                                  kfH ¾ d                                                                      usL&SifwkdY Guide wdkY vHk;0rvkd od&onf/
'k&JrSL; OD;wmawuqkdonf/                                   ajymif;vJxkwfvkyfaewm[m cHynmausmif;ESpausmif;&SaeNyD                                    f      d             ,cifu yk*¾vdu ausmif; awmhb;/usL&SiawG Guide awG                l          f                       xkYdjyif yk*vutajccHynm¾ d
                                                                                                                       jzpfaMumif; yk*vu tajccHynm rsm;pwifzGifhvSpfaom umv wuf&r,fqkd&ifvnf; b,fol ausmif;rsm;\ ausmif;csdefrsm;?
                                                                                                                                              ¾ d
                 Y           l
  ,kZeO,smOfNrKd awmfrS jynforsm;twGuf                                                                                 ausmif;rsm; zGifhvSpfxm;Muol wGif vltrsm;pkrmyk*vu ausmif; rS yk*vduausmif;wufawmhrSm ausmif;ydwf&ufrsm;rSm tpdk;&
                                                                                                                       rsm;xHrS od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                           S ¾ d                                   ¾
                                                                                                                                                                   onf rnfolrnf0g aocsmrod r[kwfbl;}}[k wmarGNrdKUe,f ausmif;rsm;uJoYomjzpfNy;D ausmif;                                       h dk
  trSwf 57 ,mOfvkdif;opfajy;qGJrnf                                                                                            ]]yk * ¾ v d u tajccH y nm MuaomaMumif,MkH unfrenf;yg; tajcpdkuf yk*vdutajccHynm 0wfpHkrsm;rSmvnf; trsm;tm;
                                                                                                                                                                                         h                I
                                                                                                                       ausmif;awGu odyftrsm;BuD; Muaomfvnf;,cktcseü xkoYkd ausmif;rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u jziftjzLESitpdr;om owfrwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                      d f d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ¾
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        h                   hf f                      S
                                                                                                                       r&Sygbl;/ &efuerm 10 ausmif;? r[kwfaMumif; *kPfxl;OD;odef; qkdonf/
                                                                                                                          d                     kfS                                                                                                                MuaMumif;od&onf/ ]]ausmif;
 eDw;    kd
                                                                                                                                                             D
                                                                                                                       aejynfawmf? rEÅav;? jyifO;vGif Edkifuqkdonf/                                                               yk * ¾ v d u tajccH y nm 0wfpHkudkawmh ynma&;0efBuD;
 &efukef? ZGef 21
                                                                                                                       pwJh txufjrefrmjynfrSm 11                         ]]ppzGiwe;uqdk b,forS ausmif;rsm;ü trsm;pkwufMu Xmeu rowfrSwf xm;bl;/
                                                                                                                                                                                   hf k f                            l
                       dk f                            h
            ,mOfvi;&Sm;yg;rIaMumifc&D;oGm;vma&; cufcvsuf&aom                          J                 dS
                                                                                                                                                                       f                                       d f
                                                                                                                       ausmif ; tm;vH k ; aygif ; 21 odyr,HMk unfMubl;/ tcseawG aomtwef;rSm txufwef; 'gayr,fh yk*vdutajccHynm                                                                  ¾
 ,kZeO,smOfNrdKUawmfrS jynfolrsm;twGuf trSwf 57 ,mOfvkdif;
                                                                                                                       ausmif;yJ &Sygao;w,f}}[ky*vd wpfESpfxuf wpfESpfMumvmrS jzpf í tv,f w ef ; rS m tenf ; ausmif; awmfawmfrsm;rsm;u
                                                                                                                                       d                       k¾
 opfxlaxmifNyD;,mOf 14 pD;jzifh rMumrDajy;qGJoGm;rnf jzpf
                                                                                                                       u tajccHynma&;ausmif;zGifh vlawGyNkd yD;,HMk unfvmMuw,f/ tusOf;omwufMuaomfvnf; awmh ausmif;0wfputjzLtpdr;                                                                       kH kd              f
 aMumif; armfawmf,mOfvkyfief;aygif;pHk xdef;odrf;a&; aumfrwD
                                                                                                                       xm;olwpfOD;jzpfonfh jrefrm vmwufwhJ OD;a&rsm;vmw,f/ rlvwef;ukdrl rnfonhfausmif; yJ owfrwMf uw,f}}[k ok0PÖ                                                      S
 xHrS od&onf/                                                                                                          pmoifMum;ay;onfh q&mBuD; aemifwpfcsdefrSm tpkd;& ausmif; rS rzGifhaMumif;od&onf/                                                            NrdKUe,f&Sd yk*¾vdutajccHynm
                            dk f                                             dk f                          D
            ]],mOfvi;&JU emrnfu 57 txl;,mOfvi;yg/ ,mOfp;cu *kPx;OD;ode;Ediu ajymonf/ awGudkvnf; rDvmEdkifw,f}}[k             f l             f k f                                                                                ]]yk*¾vdu tajccH ynm ausmif;rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u
 usyf 200 ESpfykdif;jzpfNyD;awmh c&D;pOftptqHk;ukd usyf 300                                                                   yk*vu tajccHausmif;rsm; ¤if;u qufvufajymonf/
                                                                                                                                  ¾ d                                                                                   ausmif;uawmh zGifhr,fqkd rlv ajymonf/
 jzpfygw,f/ jynfolawG&JUtcuftcJudk tjrefqHk;ajyvnfatmif ü wuffa&mufMuaom ausmif;                                                                                         yk*¾vdu tajccHynma&; wef;uae txufwef;txd                                                                    ¾ d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yk*vu tajccHynmausmif;
 ajz&Sif;ay;oGm;zdkYyg}} [k r.x.o (A[kd) rS Ouú|u qkdonf/                                                                                                                                      dk                  f
                                                                                                                       om;ausmif;olOD;a&rSm tpkd;& ausmif;wufrnfqygu ukeus zGici&w,f/ 'gayr,frvwef; rsm;ü oifMum;ay;onfh q&m  hf G hf dS                      hl
            CNG ,mOfrsm;udk ,cifu vDwmpD 200 ESifh 400 Mum;                                                                                                               f S         d
                                                                                                                       ausmif;uJhokdY rrsm;aomfvnf; p&dwrm tpk;&ynma&;ausmif; udawmhrzGiMhf ubl;/ tv,fwef; q&mrrsm;rSm yk*¾vdutajccH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k
 tokHk;jyKcGifhay;aomfvnf; ,cktcg vDwmpD 605 txd wkd;jr§ifh txkduftavsmuf vma&muf uJoYdk om ukeusEdiaMumif; xkYd eJYtxufwef;yJziwmrsm;w,f}} ynmausmif;rsm;ü oifMum;cGifh
                                                                                                                                                                     h                  f k f                                                         G hf
 ay;xm;aMumif;? ,if;ae&mrsm;udk ,cifu vdkif;trSwf 32? wufMuolrsm;&SaMumif; yk*vu jyify*vutajccHynmausmif; [k wmarGNrdKUe,fy*vutajccH rSwywif&&rnfjzpfNyD; xdrwykH
                                                                                                                                                d         ¾ d            k ¾ d                                                                          k ¾ d             f kH           dS                     k S f
 trSwf 56? trSwf 232 wkdYajy;qGJaeNyD; arv 12 &ufu jzpf tajccHynma&;ausmif;rsm;rS wufygu usL&Siwufp&mrvkd ynmausmif ; rS wm0ef & S d o l wifr&Sygu oifMum;cGihf avQmuf                       f                                                                                   d
 yGm;cJhaomvlowfrIaMumifh 232 ,mOfvkdif;onf arv 16 &uf wm0ef&Sdolrsm;uajymonf/                                                                                                   k                ¾ d
                                                                                                                                                                   aMumif;udvnf; yk*vutajccH wpfOD;uajymonf/                                                                       hf k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   xm;cGir&EdiaMumif;od&&onf/                dS
 wGif ajy;qGJjcif;&yfqkdif;xm;aMumif; r.x.o (A[kd) Ouú| u                                                                     yk*vu tajccHynmausmif; ynm ausmif;rsm;rS wm0ef&Sdol
                                                                                                                                 ¾ d                                                                                                       ¾ d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  yk*vutajccHynmausmif;                                                      ndrf;jynfUpHk
 ajymonf/
            ]]tckvdk ,kZeO,smOfNrdKUawmfudk NrdKUxJeJY vkdif;qGJay;r,fqkd
 wmaumif;ygw,f/ t&ifuqkd&if vkdif;trSwf 32 eJY trSwf                                                          qrfaqmif;ukrÜPD\xkwfukeftopfjzpfonfU                                                                     GALAXY SIII                                     rdwfqufyGJESifU
 56 ESpfvkdif;qkdayr,fh trSwf 56 u wmarGbufudkoGm;wm qkd
 awmh NrdKUxJu wpfvi;xJyjJ zpfaew,f}}[k ,kZeO,smOfNrdKUawmf
                                            dk f
                                                                                                              BudKwifrSm,lxm;olrsm;udk a&mif;csay;
 wGifaexkdifolwpfOD;u qkdonf/                                                                                               atmifolrsdK;0if;
                         dk f
            ,mOfvi;topfjzpfaom trSwf 57 txl;,mOfajy;qGom;                                                    J G            &efukef? ZGef 24
       h
 rnfvrf;aMumif;rsm;rSm tif;pde?f apmfbm;BuD;uke;? ausmufawmf      G               f                                                qrfaqmif;ukrÜPD\ xkwfukeftopfjzpfonfh GALAXY SIII rdwfqufyGJESifh BudKwifrSm,lxm;olrsm;tm; a&mif;csay;onfh
 BuD;? vrf;opfvrf;? ajreDukef;? bkef;BuD;vrf;? r[mAE¨Kvvrf;?                                                                tcrf;tem;udk ,ckv 23 &ufwGif Junction Square üusif;ycJhonf/
 rif;eE´mvrf;? {&m0Pfvrf;? yJcl;jrpfvrf;? ,kZeO,smOfNrdKUawmf                                                                      BudKwifrSm,lxm;olrsm;twGuf Samsaung GALAXY SIII jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvHk;twGuf tvHk;aygif; 1000 udk eHeuf 10 em&D
                     J G
 txdajy;qGom;rnfjzpfaMumif;? vuf&witjcm;,mOfvi;rS 32            dS G f                             dk f                     cefYrS pwifa&mif;csay;cJhNyD; nae 5 em&DrS 7 em&D txd rdwfqufyGJtcrf;tem;udk jyKvkyfcJhonf/
 ,mOfvdkif;wGif oHk;pD;ajymif;vJajy;qGJaeaMumif;? 232 ,mOfvdkif;                                                                   ]]jyyGJNyD;&ifawmhtjyifudkxkwfra&mif;awmhygbl;}}[k qrfaqmif;ukrÜPDrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uqdkonf/ yxrtBudrfwGif r&&Sd
 tpm; 39 ,mOfvi;rS,mOf 10 pD; tpm;xk;ajy;qGvsu&aMumif;
                                      dk f                              d           J         f dS                          vdkufolrsm;ESifh 'kwd,tBudrfBudKwifrSm,lvdkolrsm;twGufudkvnf; ueOD;oGif;aiGESpfodef;ESifh BudKwiftrSmpmyHkpHwdkYjzifh awmf0if
 r.x.o (A[dk)xHrSpHkprf;od&onf/                                                                               eDwdk;        pifwm&Sd qrfaqmif;ta&mif;jycef;wGifvma&muf rSm,lwifoGif;vdkY&aMumif; xdkukrÜPDwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u qdkonf/
  14                                        ENVIRONMENT
              Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday




]]urÇmBuD;&JY ysufpD;aewJU'ku©udk at;Nidrf;atmifvkyfwJU txdrf;trSwfyJ}}
urÇmajrcspfolqkay;rnfU OD;tkef;ESifU awGYqHkjcif;
raemxGef;
               S f S          dk f H              f l k                      d f H            f D f
            ckEprpwifum *syefEiiu urÇmajrcspoqukd pwifay;tyfcNhJ yD; jrefrmEkiirS opfawmynm&SiO;tke;vnf;
 2005           d hJ                    d f H G f
            &&Sconf/ ¤if;enf;wl jrefrmEkiiwivnf; urÇmajrcspfoqukd Mo*kwvtwGi; OD;tke;uay;tyf&efppOfae
                                                             l k          f        f    f           D
onfhtwGuf ¤if;qkESifhywfoufNyD; OD;tkef;\aetdrfwGif Venus News Weekly ESifh awGUqHkar;jref;xm;onfrsm;udk
        k f
azmfjyvduygonf/
Venus     ; urÇmajrcspfolqk ay;r,fh      wJhtjzpfawGu t"duawmh a*[pepf             aemufxyfrckwfatmif igb,fvdkvkyf
taMumif; odvdkygw,f/                     ysuf w m/ a*[pepf ysuf w mud k            rvJ pOf;pm;w,f/ qmaA;vkyfvdkuf
U Ohn ; *syefrSm opfyifwpfyifudk         taumif;qHk; xlaxmifjcif;u opfyif          w,f/ &Gm av;ig;ajcmuf&Gmudk ar;
csdpfvdkYac:w,f/ jrefrmrSmvnf; opf       pdkufjcif;yJ/ opfyifudk tenf;qHk; opf     w,f? opfyifrckwf&if reufjzef pm;        r,fajymw,f/ tJ'Dt&yfu qef&Sm;                  8 wef ; ausmif ; ol w pf a ,muf q d k
wpfyifaumif;&if iSufwpfaomif;em;         awmjzpfatmifpdkufw,f/ opfyifpdkuf                  d l
                                                                                   p&mr&Sb;ajymw,f/ armifjzL pm;p&m        w,f? vl;wdkY qyfwdkY ajymif;zl;wdkY pm;          k f
                                                                                                                                                                          yduqH 5 aomif; opfyifpuzYkd vmvSL  kd f
                      kd       k
w,f/ 'g wpfyifuajymwm? oH;yifqkd             h
                                         wJol 14-15 a,mufavmufukd qkay;            r&Sdbl; rSwfw,f/ tdrfajc 40? 50         w,f? qefay;r,fqdkawmh oabmus                   w,f/ tJ'DvdkvlawGtwGufvnf; pOf;
awmvdkYac:w,f/ ig;yifqdk awmtkyf         w,f/ tJvdkay;jcif;tm;jzifh tkwfwpf        avmufu opfyifrckwf&if olwdkYb0          w,f? usawmh ae&mowfrSwfw,f/                    pm;w,f/ 'Dvdkpdwf"mwfudk tm;ay;&
BuD;aygh/ oabmuawmh a*[pepfudk           csyf oJwpfyGifhtaeeJY urÇmBuD;&JU ysuf                             kd
                                                                                   &yfwnfzYkdcufw,fqwm awGU&w,f/           apmifha&Smuf&r,fh e,fedrdwftwGif;rSm           r,f/ owfrSwfcsufuawmh udk,fwdkif
                          kd
xlaxmifwm/ a*[pepfqwm ysufp;        D    pD;aewJh'ku©udk at;Nidrf;atmifvkyfwJh     aemuftkyfpkuawmh Oya'uvnf;              opfyif rckwf&bl;? tajcmuftjcrf;                tenf;qHk; tyifwpfaxmif &Sifatmif
aewJh 0ef;usifudk jyKjyifxdef;odrf;wJh   txdrf;trSwfyJ/ tJ'gaMumifhrdkY urÇm       odyfNyD;awmh rjyif;xefawmh vG,fvdkY     aumufvdkY&w,f/ eHygwfwpf awmrD;                  k f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                          pduEi&r,f/ 'gu t"dutajccHaygh/
oabmaygh/ tJ'Dawmh opfyifpdkuf           BuD;udk jyKjyifwJh urÇmajrcspfwJhqk ay;        f
                                                                                   ckww,faygh/ pm;0wfaea&;taxmuf           ravmif&bl;? awmrD;wpfcsufqkd rkq;         kd   pdkufwJhtcg olY&nf&G,fcsuf &Sdw,f/
w,f? awmtkyfwpfckjzpfatmif vkyf          wJhoabmyJ/ tcsKyfuawmh tJ'gyJ/            tuljyKw,fqdkNyD; ckwfw,f/ aemuf         wpfouf qdkwJhpum; odyfrSefw,f/                 tyif &Sifr&Sifqdkwmawmh olpdkufwJh
w,f? awmtkyfjzpfawmh iSufa&m             Venus ; tbudk,fwdkifvnf; *syef            tkyfpku vlenf;pk? olvnf;ckwfw,f?        awmrD;avmifw,f? wpfckckjzpfw,f                            kd        kH dk f d
                                                                                                                                                                          opfyifu"mwfy½uwm&Sw,f/ ouf
<uufa&m? yd;[yfa&m? a>ra&m? zm;a&m?
             k                           EkdifiHuay;wJh urÇmajrcspfolqk &cJh       olrsm;ckwfwmvnf; ,lw,f? pkxm;              k
                                                                                                                           qd&ifqefajcmufjynfjzwfr,f/ 'kw,       d        qdkif&m opfawmtmPmydkiftzGJUuae
usm;a&m? qifa&m wjznf;jznf; 0if          w,f/ tJ'DtaMumif;vnf; odcsifyg            w,f/ NyD;awmhrS ykef;&nfBuD;usdKwJh     tBudrfqdk qef 12 jynfjzwfr,f/                  ppfNyD;awmh rSefygw,f axmufcHMu
vmw,f/ a*[pepf&SdrS 'Da*[pepf            w,f/                                                                  hJ l
                                                                                   olawG? xef;vsufcsufwoawG? tkwf          wwd,tBudrfqdk tvkyfjzKwfr,f/                   w,f/
udk trSDo[JjyKaewJh taumifavmu           U Ohn ; ykyÜm;rSm 1982 uae 86             zkwfvlawGudk tjrwfBuD;pm;eJY a&mif;     tJvdk pcJhwm/ ykyÜm;awmifrSm 25 ae&m           Venus ; qktjzpfbmawGay;rSmvJ/
aygh/ iSufupNyD; 0ifvmw,f? 'Dpepf        txd xdef;odrf;cJhw,f/ ykyÜm;awmif                        kd l
                                                                                   w,f? tJvvuawmh rvdvm;tyfb;    k     l   avmuf pcef;av;awGvkyfw,f/ ajryHk               U Ohn ; qktjzpfu &efukefudkoGm;
udk wnfaxmifjcif;tm;jzifh urÇmBuD;       BuD;udk [dk;t*Fvdyfvufxufu pNyD;          aygh/                                   rSm wm0efav;awGcNJG yD;awmhxm;w,f/             p&dwf vmp&dwfaygh/ csif;awmifu vl
ylaEG;rludkvnf; awmawmifawGjzpf          awmh xif;ckwfvmwm acgif;wHk;jzpf                 'kwd,tkyfpkuawmh onf;cH&rSm      uHtm;avsmfpGmeJY EkdifiHjcm;om; wpf            vnf;ygw,f/ vm;½dI;? rEÅav;u
atmif vkyfwJhtwGuf xdef;odrf;w,f?        awmhr,f? usKyfom a&mufroGm;&if            aygh/ xdef;vdkY&w,f/ wwd,jzpfwJh                        Ü            H D
                                                                                                                           a,mufu ykym;awmifuyk*eYJ e;w,f/                vnf; ygw,f/ q&mawmfawGvnf;
urÇmBuD;udkzsufpD;aewJh umAGef'dkif              f                         k
                                         tckcsdeavmufqkd awmifacgif;wH; jzpf                    f
                                                                                   xif;rckw&if xrif;rpm;&r,fh olawG        ykyÜm;udk Ecotourism vkyfr,f/ awmif            ygw,f/ tJ'gudk ay;r,fhol &Sdw,f/
atmufqdkufawG? opfawmawG ckwf                            G
                                         aeNyD/ a&mufom;awmh usLyfvnf; bm          awmh olwdkYtwGuf ta&;BuD;w,f/           wpf0dkuf um;vrf;azmufr,f/ uRef                 Myanmar Solar Power ukrÜPDu/
w,f? rD;½dIUw,f/ tJ'DtwGuf umAGef              f f          l     f k
                                         vky&rSe; rodb;/ ESpvoH;vavmuf                 D l
                                                                                   tJ'vawGukd usKyuac:vduw,f? vl
                                                                                                       f           k f                          l
                                                                                                                           awmf oabmrwlb;/ um;vrf;azmuf                                   k
                                                                                                                                                                          aemufwpfcu awmf0ifEi;qDutcef;    S f
  k f          kd f G f
'diatmufquxuw,f? urÇmBuD;u               pdwfysufNyD;aew,f/ bmvkyf&rvJ             40 avmufaygh/ rkq;rvnf; ygw,f/
                                                                                                         kd                                  f
                                                                                                                           &ifopfawmuker,f/ jrif;vrf; 21 rdif      k      wm0ef,lr,f/ opfyifoufomatmif
ylaEG;vmw,f/ &moDOwkazmufjyefNyD;                               k
                                         pOf;pm;w,f? opfyifcwMf uw,f/ aemuf        cifAsm;wdkYudk usKyfu awmMuyf cefY      azmufw,f/ awmacgif;awG tvkyf                   wpfvHk; 18000 avmufwefwJh pwD;
a&BuD;wJhae&mBuD;? rdk;acgifwJhae&m                 f l d
                                         xyfrckwb;qk&if awmjyKef;wm wuf            r,f/ vpm b,favmuf&r,f? ,leD             vkyfvm; rvkyfbl;vm; ppfcJhw,f/                 rD;zdkay;r,f/ olu xif;vnf;oHk;vdkY
                   D
acgifw,f/ tJ'vkd &moDOwkazmufjyef                      l      f
                                         rvmawmhb;/ ckwwmawmh ckwNf yD;NyD?        azmif;ESpfpHkay;r,f? qef 12 jynf ay;    Oya'eJYvnf; xdef;w,f/                          &w,f/ rD;aoG;? pyg;cGHvnf; oHk;vdkY
                                                                                                                           Venus ; *syefu urÇmajrcspfoqukd     l k                          kH
                                                                                                                                                                          &w,f/ wpfv;pD vufaqmifay;r,f/
                                                                                                                           b,fwkef;u ay;cJhwmvJ/                          wD&SyfeJYwHqdyfvnf; ay;r,f/ usKyfrSm
   *syefEkdifiH BIWA uefESifU tif;av;ueftm; Sister                                                                         U Ohn ; ykyÜm;awmif pdrf;vef;pdkjynf
                                                                                                                           a&;vkywtwGuf urÇmajrcspfoqu
                                                                                                                                    f hJ                      l k
                                                                                                                                                                          ode; 110&Sw,f/ 'kAvcsKyfBuD;pd;ode;
                                                                                                                                                                                f       d
                                                                                                                                                                          u armfawmfum;av;awG ay;w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                      kd f        k f


   Lake tjzpfowfrSwfum xdef;odrf;rnf                                                                                       2005 ckESpfrSm ]tmtD;&SD;} qdkwJh *syef
                                                                                                                           ajruvlawGuay;w,f/ wpfurÇmvH;               k
                                                                                                                                                                          usKyfu um;rarmif;Ekdifbl;/ a&mif;
                                                                                                                                                                          pm;wmudk urÇmajrcspfolqkay;wm/
                                                                                                                           rSm vl 100 ay;w,f? jrefrmjynf
   raemxGef;                                                                                                               twGuf usKyfudkac:NyD;ay;w,f? tzGJU             Venus                  f l k
                                                                                                                                                                                     ; urÇmajrcspoqeYJ ywfouf
   &efuke? ZGef24                                                                                                          oHk;zGJUavmuf ykyÜm;udkvmMunfhw,f/             NyD; jznfhpGufajymp&m&Sd&ifajymygOD;/
         *syefEkdifiH&Sd BIWA uefESifh tif;av;ueftm;Sister Lake (uefnDtpfr)tjzpfowfrSwfum xdef;odrf;&ef pDpOfae            olwdkY axmufcHvdkY usKyf qk&wm/                U Ohn ; ajymcsifwJh &nf&G,fcsuf
   aMumif; opfawmynm&SifOD;tkef;u ajymonf/                                                                                 aemufwpfcgu 'Da&awmawG ysufpD;                 uawmhurÇmBuD;ylaEG;vmrI? &moDOwk
         ]]BIWA uefu tif;av;uefeJY wlw,f/ a&csKduefyJ/ *syefvifr,m;ESpfa,mufu 'DtpDtpOfvkyfzdkYajymwm/                                   f
                                                                                                                           aewmvkyw,f/ 1999 rSm vkyw,f/     f             azmufjyefrIudk a*[pepf xlaxmif
   'Dvukefavmuf jrefrmEkdifiHvmr,f? aqG;aEG;zdkYvkyfr,f}}[k ¤if;u ZGefv 23 &ufwGif ajymonf/                                'Da&awmawG atmifjrifatmif vkyf                 jcif;tm;jzifh 'Dqkay;wm/ wpfavmu
         bdkif0guef (Lake Biwa) onf *syefEkdifiH\ tBuD;qHk;a&csdKtdkifjzpfNyD; usdKwdkNrdKU\ ta&SUajrmufbuf&Sd Shiga       w,f? xdef;odrf;w,fqdkawmh ]eDemrm              yJcl;½kd;r oGm;w,f/ BudK;0dkif;u &JEG,f
   Prefecture a'owGif&Sdonf/ uef{&d,monf uDvdkrDwm 670us,f0ef;NyD; ueftwGif;odkY teD;tem;awmifwef;                         wm} NrdKUawmf0efu eDemrmwm ywf                 BudK;0dkif;/ tuGuftrSwfu 101/ 84
   rsm;rSa&rsm; pD;0ifum ¤if;uefrSwpfqifh pDwmjrpf? ,l'dkjrpftwGif;odkY jyefvnfpD;0ifjcif;jzpfonf/                         0ef;usif xdef;odrf;a&; qkay;w,f/                 k f         G
                                                                                                                                                                          rdiu 0ifom;w,f/ uRef;yif wpfyifrS
         tif;av;uefonf jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tif;awmfBuD;tdkifNyD;vQif 'kwd,tBuD;qHk;jzpfNyD; urÇmvSnfhc&D;onfrsm;tm;          tJ'gu ,ef;wpfoef;&w,f/ opfyif                  rawGUbl;/ ysOf;uwdk;vnf; wpfyifrS
   qGJaqmifEdkifonfha'ojzpfonf/ ¤if;tjyif tif;av;a'otm; ta&SUawmiftm&SEkdifiHrsm;toif;(tmqD,H)u ,Of                        pdkufvdkufw,f/ 2007 u qk&wm/                   rawGUbl;/ ydawmufrawGUbl;/ aemuf
   aus;rItarGtESpfa'owpfcktjzpfvnf; owfrSwfxm;onf/                                                                                                f l k
                                                                                                                           Venus ; urÇmajrcspoqukd b,fvkd                 qHk; wpfae&mrSm unifyifBuD; awGU
         odkYaomfvnf; tif;av;uefwGif 2010 aEG&moDwGif pHcsdefwifa&cef;ajcmufrljzifh BuHKcJhonfhtjyif 2011 ckESpf           owfrSwfcsufawGeJY ay;wmvJ/                     w,f/ iSufawGem;aew,f/
   rdk;&moD Mo*kwfvaemufqHk;tywfrSpí pufwifbmvtwGif; a&BuD;rIaMumifh tif;av;a'o\ qefpyg;pdkufysdK;rI                                                k f l kd f
                                                                                                                           U Ohn ; opfyifukd ud,xu,xeJY                   awmifo&ufyifav;awG awGUw,f/
   oHk;yHkwpfyHkcefY ysufpD;cJhonf/                                                                                        olrsm; ydkufqHeJYr[kwfbJeJY pdkufwJhol         'gudkyJ rD;aoG;ckwf xif;ckwf a&mif;Mu
                            f D f               f        f                 f                        J
         opfawmynm&SiO;tke;u ]]pGeYfypfypön;awG xde;&r,f/ pGeYfypfypön;awGukd a&uefxJ rcsbeYJ obm0ajrMoZm                  awG&Sdw,f/ bkef;BuD;ESpfyg;vnf; yg             wm/ a*[pepfr&Sd&if ouf&Sdavmu
                     f          f                           f                              k
   jzpfatmif vky&r,f/ tdromawGuvnf; pepfwusvky&r,f/ aemuf ta&;tBuD;qH;u Mum;cHZe/ ywf0ef;usifrm       k f          S       w,f/ rtlyifu wpfyg;? jyifO;vGiuD f             vnf; r&Sdbl;/ tJ'gudk awGUcJhw,f/
   &SdwJhae&mawGrSm opfyifpdkuf&r,f/ v,f,mvkyfwJhae&mrSmvnf; aumufyJoD;ESHawGudk "mwfajrMoZm roHk;bJeJY                    wpfyg; ygw,f/ aemuf uomubke;              f    qHk;jzwfcsufcscJhw,f/ urÇmajrcspfol
   obm0ajrMoZm oHk;&r,f}}[k qdkonf/                                                                                        BuD;wpfyg;vnf;ygw,f/ rqufo,f          G        qkay;zdkY/
         tif;av;uefESifh a&jyifqufpyfvsuf&Sd a'orsm;wGif &Gmaygif; 180 cefY&Sdaeonf/                                       vdkY/ aemufNyD; obm0ywf0ef;usifeJY             Venus ; aus;Zl;wifygw,f/
                                                                                                           raemxGef;
                                                                                                                           ywfoufNyD; pdwf0ifpm;wJholawGaygh/                                             raemxGef;
MARKET                                                                                                                                                                      Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         15

oD&dr*Fvm ukefpdrf;aps;uGuf &moDay: toD;tESH
a&mif;csolrsm; qufwkduft½IH;ay:
NzdK;a0vif;                                                                                                                                             600 txda&mif;&aMumif;? ,ck yef;
                                                                                                                                                        a*:zDxGuf&Sd&m a'oüyif usyf 350-
                                                                                                                                                                                                     wnif;oD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                             weoFm&Dwkdif;a'oBuD; xm;0,f
              oD;ESHrsm;ESifh [if;oD;[if;&Gufrsm;udk vufvDvufum; a&mif;csay;aeaom oD&dr*Fvmaps;BuD;twGif;&Sd                                            400 cefY0,f&aMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/             NrdKUrS 0ifa&mufaeaom wnif;oD;rsm;
 &moDay:      ukepr;aps;uGuwif wnif;oD;rsm; aps;aumif;aeNyD; a*:zDxy?f yef;a*:zDEihf i½kwaps;rsm; ykre&aomfvnf;
                 fdf           f G                                  k            S       f          H S f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                     rSm ,ckvukefykdif;wGif 0ifa&mufrI &yf
                                                                                                                                                        i½kwfoD;pdrf;                                wefYoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; &cdkifjynfe,f? &Srf;
c&rf;csOfoD;ukefonfrsm; t½HI;ay:aeaMumif; tqdkygaps;twGif;rS od&onf/                                                                                          {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;rS xGuf             jynfe,fESifh jrpfBuD;em; NrdKUrsm;rS
a*:zD                                                   a'orS xGufaom c&rf;csOfoD;rsm;rSm                                      f
                                                                                                       rIenf;yg;NyD;txGuenf;aejcif;aMumifh              aom i½kwfoD;pdrf;rsm;onf &moDukef            wnif;oD;rsm; pwif0ifa&mufvmrnf
       &Srf;jynfe,fawmifykdif; a'orsm;                  toD;xGuf&Sd&m a'owGif toD;&Sm;NyD;             aps;aumif;&aMumif; oD&dr*Fvmaps;                 csdef a&muf&Sdvmojzifh yJcl;taemuf           jzpfaMumif; oD&dr*Fvmaps;twGif;&Sd
rS xGufaom a*:zDrsm;rSm ,cifESpfu                       0,faps;jrifhaeaomfvnf; &efukefwGif                     f
                                                                                                       twGi;&Sd a*:zD? yef;a*:zD vufvvuf       D        bufjynfNrdKUbufrS i½kwfoD;rsm; 0if           wnif;oD; a&mif;0,faom yGJ½Hkykdif&Sif
         dk dk
xufyr0ifa&mufaeNyD; aps;EIe;usqif;       f              ta&mif;yg;um aps;r&ojzifh c&rf;csOf            um; a&mif;csay;aeaom yGJ½Hkykdif&Sif                                     d
                                                                                                                                                        a&mufaeaMumif; oD&r*Fvmaps;twGi;         f   wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
aeojzifh a*:zD wpfxyvQif usyf 20-
                              k f                       oD;a&mif;0,foltrsm;pk t½HI;ay:ae               wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                             &Sd i½kwfoD;pdrf; vufvDvufum;                        ,ckvuf&Sd &ckdifjynfe,fESifh &Srf;
30 yHkrSef pdkufxkwfae&aMumif; oD&d                     aMumif; oD&dr*Fvmaps;twGif;&Sd c&rf;                 ]]&Srf;jynfrSm rdk; odyfr&Gmbl;/           a&mif;csaeaom i½kwfyGJ½Hkykdif&SifwpfOD;     jynfe,frS wpf&ufvQif wnif;tdwf
r*Fvmaps;twGi;rS yG½yi&iwpfO;u
                       f J kH dk f S f         D        csOfoD; vufvDvufum; a&mif;0,f                  oBuFepmxJrmu rd;OD;yg;r,f rk;v,f
                                                                                                                 f       S       k           d          u ajymMum;onf/                               1000-1200 cefY pwif0ifa&mufaeNyD;
ajymMum;onf/                                                       J kH dk f S f
                                                        aomyG½yi&iwpfO;uajymMum;onf/ D                 aumif;NyD; rdk;aESmif;yg;r,fvdkY aMunm                 jynfNrdKUrS i½kwfoD;rsm;rSm &efukef    Zefe0g&Dvqef;rS pwifí vIdifvIdif0if
               h
       NyD;cJonhf a*:zDpu&moDwif &Sr;
                            kd f            G f                                  S           h
                                                               ]]tif;xJrmu aps;tjrifeYJ ay;0,f         xm;w,f/ tckxawmh [kwwywfwd
                                                                                                                            d            f d                      f
                                                                                                                                                        aps;uGuoYkd 0ifa&mufvmonfrm &uf    S         a&mufvmrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uquf
jynfe,f [J[kd;NrdKUtwGif; a*:zDrsm;                              S
                                                        NyD; 'Drmaps;r&awmh vrf;p&dweYJtvkyf   f       ukd r&Gmao;bl;/ yef;u El;nHhw,f/                 owå okH;ywfcefY&SdaeNyDjzpfNyD; vIdifvIdif   vuf&Sif;jyonf/
tajcmufcHí jynfyokdY Export wifydkY                     orm;c? qkdifcef;ceJYqkdawmh b,fvkdrS           yef;u rdk;jywf&if tyifjzpftm;enf;                0ifa&mufvmonfrSm ESpf&ufcefYom                       ,cktcsdefonf rkd;pyg;pwifpkduf
rnfhpuf½Hk wnfaqmufrnf[k qkdcJh                         rudkufawmhbl;}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/                 w,f/ tysufrsm;w,f}}[k ¤if;uqkd                   &Sdao;aMumif; ¤if;u qufvuf&Sif;jy                                          k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ysKd;csdejf zpfojzifh jrefrmEdii\ pyg;usD
ojzifh awmifolrsm;rS a*:zDyifrsm;udk                           &Srf;jynfe,fawmifykdif; tif;av;         onf/                                             onf/                                                                  dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     jzpfaom {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD;twGi;                 f
,cifESpfuxuf ykdrkdpdkufysKd;vmcJhNyD;                  a'orS &efukefta&muf c&rf;csOfoD;                           d                f
                                                                                                             oD&r*Fvmaps;twGi;odYk ,cifEpf          S                      dk f
                                                                                                                                                              {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD;rS i½kwo;      f D     odkY yHkrSefwifydkYay;ae&NyD; awmifol
,ck puf½HkwnfaqmufrIr&Sdojzifh ykdrdk                                              f
                                                        wpfwmvQif ukeusp&dwf usyf 12350                rsm;u wpf&ufvQif tyGihf ok;aomif;rS
                                                                                                                                       H                pdrf;rsm;onf &efukefwGif wpfydóm             v,form;rsm;Mum;wGif wnif;oD;rSm
pkdufysKd;aom a*:zDrsm; &efukefodkY                     cefY&SdNyD; &efukefwGif jyefvnfa&mif;cs        av;aomif;Mum; yHre0ifa&mufcaomf
                                                                                                                              k S f              hJ     usyf 200 cefYom&&Sdojzifh wifydkYjcif;       [if;wpfcGufjzpfaMumif; xl;wnif;
aygaygrsm;rsm; 0ifa&mufvmjcif;jzpf                      ygu c&rf;csOftoD;aumif;rS wpfwm                vnf; ,ckESpfwGif wpf&uf yef;a*:zD                r&SdawmhaMumif;? ,ckvuf&Sd {&m0wD            oD;yGJ½HkrS OD;jym;u qufvufajymMum;
aMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jyonf/                          vQif usyf 12000 cefYom &&SdaMumif;?            yGifh 10000 cefYom 0ifa&mufawmh                  wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; i½kwfvufusef             onf/
       ]]tckEprm a*:zDu jynfwi;jzKef;
                 S f S                     G f          c&rf;csOfoD; wpfwmvQifyif ysrf;rQ              aMumif; tqkdygaps;twGif;&Sd OD;tm                rsm;&Sdaeojzifh wifydkYjcif;rjyK&ao;bJ               ,ckvtwGif; wnif;oD; aps;
tm;xufudk oHk;yHkwpfyHkavmuf ydkrsm;                    usyf 350 cefY t½HI;ay:aeNyD; qkdifcef;         vul;yGJ½Hk ykdif&SifwpfOD;u qufvuf               Zefe0g&Dv0ufcefYrSom {&m0wDodkY              uGuf jyefvnfaumif;rGefvmNyD; xm;
aew,f}}[k OD;tmvul;yGJ½Hk ykdif&Sifu                    iSm;crsm;ESifh rudkufawmhaMumif; zkd;v         &Sif;jyonf/ ,cktcsdefonf a*:zDESifh              wifykdYay;&rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u              0,fNrdKUrSxGufaom wnif;oD; wpf
qkdonf/                                                 rif; c&rf;csOfoD;yGJ½HkrS rrD;rD;u quf         yef;a*:zDrsm;rSm awmifay:a'orsm;                 qufvufajymMum;onf/                           wif;vQif tom; usyf 55000? &cdkif
       &Srf;jynfe,fawmifykdif; a'orsm;                  vufajymMum;onf/                                wGifom pdkufysKd;í&NyD; a&0yfa'orsm;                   ,ckvuf&Sd weoFm&Dwkdif;a'o             a'orSxGufaom wnif; wpfwif;
&Sd awmifolrsm;rSm tqkdygpuf½Hkudk                             ]]wcsKdU yGJ½HkawGqkd ½HI;vkdY wjcm;    wGif pyg;ompkdufysKd;í&aMumif; jyifOD;           BuD;twGif;&Sd NrdwfESifh xm;0,fNrdkUokdY     vQif tcGH usyf 8000-9000-10000?
tm;jyKí yHkrSef a*:zDpdkuf{utjyif                       ypönf; ajymif;vkyfaeMuNyD/ wcsKdUu             vGifNrdKUwGif yef;a*:zDrsm; pdkufysKd;í&         wifykdYae&NyD; oabFm&Sdaom&ufqkd             &Srf;oD; wpfwif;vQif usyf 16000-
,ciftmvl;ESifh tjcm;oD;ESHrsm; pdkuf                    vnf; ½HI;aevdkY ajymif;vkyfp&mukd r&Sd         aomfvnf; ,if;NrdKU\ t"dupD;yGm;a&;                           f
                                                                                                                                                        ygu ukecsdef 600 cefY wifyYdk &aMumif;       17000? jrpfBuD;em;wpfwif;vQif usyf
ysKd;aom ae&mrsm;wGifyif a*:zDrsm;                      wm/ 'gayr,fh [efrysufav;awmh                   jzpfaom tvSyef;rsm;udkom t"du                    csrf;ajrh i½kwfyGJ½HkrS a':jzLjzLcdkifu      42000 - 43000 &SdaMumif; ¤if;u
tpm;xkd; pdkufysKd;vmcJhNyD; xGuf&Sdvm                              G hf
                                                        qufzixm;w,f/ ZGevydi;tpuqkd      f k f         xm; pkdufysKd;Muojzifh txGufenf;ae               qkdonf/                                      qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
aom a*:zDrsm;rSm aps;EIe;ruduojzifh
                                  f k f                                     D
                                                        c&rf;csOfo;wpfwm usyf2500? 3000                jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajym                       ,ckvuf&Sd jynfNrdKUrS 0ifa&muf                 ,cktywf oD&dr*Fvmaps;uGuf
a*:zDpkduf awmifolrsm; t½HI;ay:ae                                                      h
                                                        wJh wpfcgrSrMum;zl;wJaps;awG jzpfuef       k   Mum;onf/                                         aom rdk;oG,fi½kwf wpfydóm usyf               twGif; 0,fvufrsm;jzifh pnfum;ae
aMumif; &Srf;jynfe,f atmifyef;NrdKUrS                   wm}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/                                  &Srf;jynfe,frS xGufaom yef;                550-650? jr§m;eD wpfydóm usyf                aomfvnf; ukefpdrf;aps;uGuftwGif;
a*:zDyGJpm;wpfOD;u qufvufajym                                  &Srf;jynfe,f awmifykdif;tif;av;         a*:zDrsm;udk NrdwfNrdKUESifh xm;0,fNrdKU         500-650? rkd;axmifwpfydóm usyf               tcsKdUypönf;rsm;rSm aps;uGufysufaeNyD;
Mum;onf/                                                a'orsm;wGif toD;&Sm;NyD; aps;jrifhae                                              k
                                                                                                       rsm;odYk wifyYkd ay;ae&NyD; &efueNf rdKUwGif     600 cefY&SdNyD; &efukefyDeHoD; wpfydóm       ukefpdrf;pdkufysKd;aom awmifoltrsm;pk
       NyD;cJhonfh ESpfrsm;u oD&dr*Fvm                  jcif;rSm xGuftm; yHkrSef&Sdaeaomfvnf;          aygufaps;rSm yef;a*:zD wpfyGifhvQif                                        dS
                                                                                                                                                        usyf 2000-2200 cefY&aMumif; ¤if;u            vnf; t½HI;ay:aeaMumif; tqkdygaps;
aps;twGif;okdY wpf&ufvQif a*:zD                         tjcm;a'opHkrS 0,fvufrsm; t0,fpGJ               ,cifu usyf 500 cefYom &Sdaomf                    qufvufajymMum;onf/                           twGif;&Sd ukefpdrf;yGJ½Hkykdif&Sifrsm;u oHk;
txkyfaygif; ajcmufaomif;? ckepf                         vmojzifh toD;&Sm;aejcif;jzpfaMumif;            vnf; ,ckwpfyGifhvQif usyf 550-                                                                oyf ajymMum;onf/                     NzdK;a0vif;
aomif;cefYom 0ifa&mufcJhaomfvnf;                        c&rf;csOfoD; yGJ½Hkydkif&SifwpfOD;u quf
,ckESpfwGif a*:zDtxkyfaygif; &Spf
aomif;rS wpfodef;Mum; 0ifa&mufae
                                                        vufajymMum;onf/
                                                               ]][dkrSmu e,fpHku pGJaeawmh aps;          bk&ifUaemifaps;uGufwGif jynfy0,fvufaMumifU yJaps;EIef;rsm;
aMumif; oD&r*Fvmaps;twGi;&Sd OD;tm
                   d                   f                aumif;w,f/ [dkrSm aps;aumif;vkdY
vul; a*:zDyGJ½Hkydkif&Sifu ajymMum;
onf/
                                                        'DrSm vdkufwuf&if a&mif;r&awmhbl;}}
                                                        [k ¤if;uqkdonf/
                                                                                                         usyfaomif;csDjrifUwuf
       ,ckvuf&SdoD&dr*Fvmaps;rS {&m                            ,ckvuf&Sd c&rf;csOfoD; wpfwm              NzdK;a0vif;
0wDwkdif;a'oBuD;ESifh Nrdwf? xm;0,f                     vQif usyf 8000? 9000? 10000 cefY&dS              &efukef? ZGef 23
NrdKUrsm;odkYwifydkYaeNyD; NrdwfNrdKUESifh xm;          NyD; taumif;wpfwmvQif usyf 12000                                 k f H dS J          I G                                         ´d k f H   k
                                                                                                               jrefrmEdii&yrsm; jynfywifyYkdrwif t"du0,fvufwpfcjk zpfaeaom tdE,EdiirS yJpif;iHrsm; jyefvnft0,fvuf       kd
0,fNrdKUrsm;rS aeYpOftrSmr&Sdojzifh &uf                 cefY&SdaMumif;? ,ckvtwGif; ta&mif;               vmojzifh wpfywftwGif;yJpif;iHk wpfwefvQif usyf 40000cefY jyefvnfjrifhwufvmaMumif; bk&ifhaemifyGJ½HktwGif;&Sd
jcm;wifyYkd ay;ae&aMumif; ¤if;u quf                     t0,fyg;aeNyD; wpf&uf0ifa&mufvm                   yJukefonfwpfOD;u ajy?Mum;onf/
vufajymMum;onf/                                         aom yrmPudk wpf&uftwGif;a&mif;                         ]]yJpif;iHku tdEd´,ut0,fvkdufvmvdkY aps;jyefwufvmwm/ rwfyJu yJpif;iHkeJYaiGaps;wufvdkYvdkufwufwm}}[k
       ,cif jyifOD;vGifNrdKUrS xGuf&Sdaom               rukefaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                   ¤if;u qdkonf/ yJpif;iHk FAQ wpfwefvQif ,cif usyf 477000 rS ,ck usyf 527000 txdjrifhwufcJhNyD; rwfyJ RC
a*:zDwpfxkyfvQif usyf 400 cefY &&SdcJh                         ,cktcsdefonf c&rf;csOfoD; pyf             wpfwefudk ,cif usyf 400000 rS ,ck usyf 425000 cefYodkYjrifhwufvmaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jyonf/ ,ck
aomfvnf; ,ck&r;jynfe,fawmifyi;
                        S f                      dk f   ul;ryful;umvjzpfojzifh toD;xGuf                                                                                    k f H      f d J
                                                                                                         tcsdefonf tdEd´,EdkifiHtwGif; yJvdktyfcsufrsm;vmojzifh jrefrmEdiitwGi;&Syrsm; rSm,lrIjrifhwufvmNyD; ,ckESpfZGefv
a'orS xGufaom a*:zDwpfxkyfvQif                          &Sd&ma'owGif toD;&Sm;NyD; aps;jrifhae                                     f k f
                                                                                                         15 &ufaeYuxkwa0vduaom usyf 10000 wefaMumifh aiGrsm;jrifhwufvmjcif;ESifhvnf;qdkifaMumif; yJyGJpm;OD;xGef;u
tjrifhqHk; usyf 300 rS tedrfhqHk; usyf                  aomfvnf; Zefe0g&Dvqef;rS pwifí                   qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
100 cefYom&SdawmhaMumif;? vmrnfh                        atmifyef;oD;rsm; pwifay:xGufvm                         jynfyodkY t"duwifydkYaeaom yJpif;iHkrsm;omru rwfyJaps;EIef;rsm;rSmvnf; wpfwefvQif usyf 20000 ausmfcefY
a*:zDaps;uGufrSm aps;EIef; jyefvnfOD;                   rnfjzpfaMumif; zkd;vrif; yGJ½HkrS rrD;rD;                                                                                                             I d
                                                                                                         jrifhwufvmaMumif;? w½kwfEdkifiHrS yJwDpdrf;0,f,laeaomfvnf; yJwDpdrf;aps; xl;xl;jcm;jcm; ajymif;vJrr&SaMumif;
armhrvmEdkifao;bJ ,cktwkdif;om                          u qufvufajymMum;onf/                                    h
                                                                                                         bk&ifaemifyGJ½HktwGif;&Sd yJt"dua&mif;0,faom yGJ½Hkydkif&Sif OD;aZ,smOD;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
qufvuf ta&mif;t0,f jzpfEkdif                            yef;a*:zD                                                       k f H        kd f
                                                                                                               jrefrmEdiitv,fyi; rEÅav;NrdKU&Sd yJaps;uGuwivnf; ,ck&ufyi;twGi; yJaps;EIe;rsm;jrifwufvmcJNh yD; yJpif;iHk
                                                                                                                                                          f G f                  kd f       f     f   h
aMumif; ¤if;uoHk;oyfajymMum;onf/                               &Srf;jynfe,f twGif;&Sd yef;a*:zD          Raw ydóm 60 0ifwpftdwfvQif usyf 49000? rwfyJ Raw wpftdwfvQif usyf 37000? yJwDpdrf;wpftdwfvQif usyf
c&rf;csOfoD;                                            pdkufysKd;&ma'orsm;wGif ,ckESpfwGif rdk;         45000 cefY&SdaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKU qm;awmifyJyGJ½HkrS OD;0if;xGef;u ajymonf/
       &Srf;jynfe,fawmifykdif; tif;av;                               f
                                                        &GmoGe;rI enf;yg;ojzifh tyifjzpfxe;      G f                                                                                                            NzdK;a0vif;
   16                                                    M A N D A L AY
                      Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday




xD;csKdifUNrdKY e,f armifukef;aus;&Gmtkyfpk&Sd yk*¾vduydkifpuf½Hk {&d,mrsm;wGif
yk'fr 144 xkwfjyefxm;&SdrItay: a'ocHawmifolrsm; rvdkvm;
ref;armifarmif
rEÅav;? ZGef 23
                d                                                                                         kH     H df
              wki;f a'oBu;D uomc½dkif xD;csKdifhNrdKUe,farmifukef; aus;&Gmtkyfpk&Sd waumif;awmif eDu,fpuf½&dS pDrue;{&d,m xl;
 ppfudkif;                  k f kd f      f          k f
              xa&;'if;rSvyuiaeaom ukewifuecs qdyurf;{&d,mESihf a&oefpuf½{&d,mwdwif xD;csKiNhf rdKUe,f taxGaxGtycsKya&;
                                                            f                      Y kH     Yk G    d                  kf f
                  Yf                 f                f                                                 l
OD;pD;Xmeu trdeaMunmpmtrSw(1^2012)jzifh yk'r 144 xkwjf yefaMunmxm;aomaMumifh aus;&Gmaejynforsm; pdwtaESmift,Suf   f     h
                                       f                 f                                    d                     G
rsm;pGm jzpfay:aeNyD; oGm;a&;vma&;wGivnf; ydwyifwm;qD;rIrsm;ESihf ppfaq;ar;jref;rIrsm;&SaeaMumif; a'ocH &Gmol&mom;rsm;\
ajymjycsuft& od&onf/
                  kH
       ]]puf½pwnfNyD; rMumygbl;                                         k f
                                                  {&d,mt0ef;ydi;&Sd 3068 'or                        {uudk puf½Hk\ uefYowfe,f                  csKyfa&;½Hk;uae yk'fr 144 xkwf
          kH J
puf½xuypön;awG taysmuf     f                      66 {utwGif;wGif yk'fr 144                         ajrtjzpfowfrwconf/ puf
                                                                                                                      S f hJ                           kd f            k
                                                                                                                                              jyefvu&wm? ckawmh cd;wmawG
t&Srsm;w,f qdkNyD; yk'fr 144                      xkwjf yefxm;onfuawGU&onf/      kd                   k
                                                                                                    ½H\jyifyrS wm0efr&Sdolrsm; 0if            wjznf;jznf; avQmhoGm;w,f?
xkwfjyefxm;wm/ tckqdk&if                          xkwjf yefaMunmcsuwif 2011            f G          xGufoGm;vmjcif; rjyK&efjypfrI             puf½HkawGvnf; NcHpnf;½dk;cwf
         S f D d
wpfEpe;yg;&SaeNyD jyefr½kyor;            f d f    ckESpf 23 &ufpGJjzifh xD;csKdifhNrdKU                                         f
                                                                                                    qdkif&m usifhxHk;Oya'yk'r 144             NyD;oGm;NyDav/ 'Dyk'fr 144 jyef
ao;bl;? aus;&GmawG&UJ oabm                        e,f armifukef;aus;&Gmtkyfpk                                      k
                                                                                                    t& trdeYfxwjf yefaMunmvduf         k          f d f d ö
                                                                                                                                              ½kyor;zdYk upusawmh uReawmf  f
             kd f
u aeYyi;rajymeJY nydi;qdk&if         k f          waumif;eDu,fz,f½dkpuf½Hk? pD                      onf/                                      vnf; rodb;? xD;csKdihf NrdKUe,f
                                                                                                                                                              l                     wm0efrsm; cefYtyfxm;aomf             xkwjf yefxm;wmudk jyef½yor;k f d f
vnf; ta&;ay:ovdk oGm;vm                                 d f       kH S
                                                  rHue;puf½Eihf pyfvsOf;NyD; puf                          tu,fí trdeYf aMunmpm                axGtkyfuyJ odrSmyg}} [k ajym          vnf;yk'fr 144 udk jyef½kyfodrf;                 D d                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         zdYkoifNh yvYkxifygw,f/ uReawmf
aeMuwm/ wpfcgwav a&mif;                              k G f k
                                                  ½HwitoH;jyKaeaom puf½au                      kH          k f
                                                                                                    tm;vduemjcif;r&SbJ puf½{&d
                                                                                                                          d         kH        Mum;cJhonf/                           jcif;r&SdaMumif; od&onf/                   G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         wdYk &mom;awG at;at;csr;csr; f f
r,fh ukefypönf;awGudk reuf                        b,f0g,mBudK;acGrsm;? aMu;rsm;                                f             h
                                                                                                    ,mtwGi; taMumif;rJ0if xGuf                        ,cktcg yk'fr 144 xkwf              ]]tckqdk&if vHkNcHKa&;0ef       aewmukd 'Dyk'fr 144 eJY rNcdrf;
                     f
tapmBuD;ESpem&D? oH;em&D vSn;      k          f   oHjym;rsm;? puf½Hk\ ta&;BuD;                      oGm;vmolrsm;tm; jypfrqi&m  I kd f         jyefxm;aom waumif;awmif               xrf;awGvnf; cefYNyD;aeNyD? NcH                      h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ajcmufoifygbl;}} [k armifue;    kf
eJYwdkufNyD; jrpfqdyfqif;&? um;                   aomypönf;rsm;udk wm0efrJh vl                      Oya'yk'frt& ta&;,lrnfjzpf                 eDu,fpuf½Hk? qdyfurf;ukefwif          pnf;½dk;awGvnf; cwfNyD;aeNyD?        aus;&Gmtkyfpk rvdkifNcHK &Gmae
    f G
*dwom;&eJY 'Dvom;ae&wm?tJkd G                     wcsKdUu Oya'ESifh qefYusifum                      aMumif; today;aMunmvdkuf                  ukecs{&d,mESihf a&oefYpuf½rsm;
                                                                                                                                                    f                          kH   ypönf;aysmuf&ifvnf; olwdkY           awmifol armifvif;u ajym
'gudkoGm;wkdif; tppfaq;cHae&                        k I S                     kd
                                                  cd;,lrrsm;&donfuawGU&S&ojzifh            d        onf[k od&Sd&ygonf/                                                       k
                                                                                                                                              udk vHNk cHKa&;twGuNf cHpnf;½d;rsm;   0efxrf;udk olwdkYjyefppfaq;&         Mum;onf/
wm pdwtaESmifh,uf t&rf;jzpf
               f                S                 puf½Hk\ ypönf;rsm; vHkNcHKa&;                           tqdkyg xkwfjyefcsufESifh            tckitrmum&Hxm;NyD; vHNk cHKa&;
                                                                                                                                                   d f                              rSmav? 'gaMumifh yk'fr 144                                ref;armifarmif
wmaygh}} [k armifukef;aus;&Gm                               f        kH
                                                  twGupuf½\ta&SUvm;aomf                             ywfoufí armifukef;aus;&Gm
tkyfpkrS awmifolwpfOD;u ajym
onf/
                                                  wefMunfawmifwef;? taemuf
                                                  vm;aomf Aef;armf-rEÅav;um;
                                                                                                    tkypk &Juif;rS 'k&tyf ausmfrif;
                                                                                                        f               J k
                                                                                                    u ]]puf½Hk pwnfuwnf;u                         rEåav;NrdKYawmfzGHY NzdK;a&;pDrHudef; wnfaqmuf&ef
       armifukef;aus;&Gm tkyfpk                   vrf;? awmifvm;aomf a&&Sif                         ypönf;awGaysmufwm cPcPyJ
{&d,mtwGi; *&dwa0goMum;f
puf½Hk {&d,mrSty waumif;
                                  f               acsmif;? ajrmufvm;aomf uGef
                                                  u&pfvrf;xd puf½yif {&d,m          kH kd
                                                                                                    pwnf a qmuf w k e f ; uawmh
                                                                                                                         k d
                                                                                                    puf½Hku NcHpnf;½d; r&Sao;bl;
                                                                                                                                                  vkdifpif& uefx½dkufrsm; zdwfac:aqG;aEG;
awmif eDu,fpuf½Hk{&d,m? xl;                       rsm;ESihf pGeYfypfuef owfrSwf {&d                 av? ypön;awG rw&m;aysmuf
                                                                                                                 f                                ref;armifarmif
xa&;'if;ydkif ukefwifukefcs                       ,m? a&oefY puf½owfrwf {&d kH               S      wm? cPcP zrf;&w,f? 'g                         rEÅav;? ZGef 23
     f
qdyurf;{&d,mESia&oefYpuf½kH  hf                   ,m pkpkaygif; 3068 'or 66                         aMumifh xD;csKdifh taxGaxGtkyf                       rEÅav;NrdKU zGHUNzdK;a&;pDrHudef; wnfaqmufrnfhyHkpHudk rEÅav;NrdKUawmf pnfyifom,ma&;
                                                                                                                                                  aumfrwDESifh vkdifpif& uefx½dkufrsm; 15 &uf eHeufydkif;u rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;
 pnfyif&Gm&Sd v,fajrrsm;odrf;,lrIESifhywfoufí ppfaq;rItay:                                                                                        aumfrwD½Hk;wGif aqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/
                                                                                                                                                         rEÅav;NrdKU zGHUNzKd;a&;pDrHudef; wnfaqmufa&;twGuf aqG;aEG;&mwGif 2013 ckESpf 'DZifbm
 tm;&auseyfrIr&SdaMumif; awmifolrsm;ajymqdk                                                                                                       vtwGif; usif;yrnfh 27 Budrfajrmuf ta&SUawmiftm&S tm;upm;NydKifyGJwGif jrefrmEdkifiHu
                                                                                                                                                  tdrf&Siftjzpf vufcHusif;yrnfjzpf&m trsKd;orD;abmvHk;NydKifyGJtwGuf rEÅav;NrdKU 73 vrf;ESifh
ref;armifarmif                                    rSwfxdk;ay;ygvdkYqdkawmh olwdkY                   r,fhyHk ray:bl;/ uRefrtaeeJY                                                                         kH          d f H
                                                                                                                                                  68 vrf;Mum;wGif wnfaqmufaeonf/ y&dowfo;aomif;qhH EkiiwumtqifrD abmvH;uGi;         h            k f
rEÅav;? ZGef 23                                   ar;jref;csuf uRefawmfwdkY ajz                     ar;p&m&Swmudyiyivif;vif;
                                                                                                                   d  k G hf G hf                 teD; ajr{u 40 cefYü pdwfBudKuf'DZdkif;a&;qGJí NrdKUjyzGHUNzdK;a&;twGuf zGJUpnf;yHk'DZkdif;rsm;a&;qGJ
        rEÅav;c½dkif tr&yl&NrdKU                  Mum;csufawGudk vufrSwfxdk;                        ar;? xdrcsefNyD; rar;apcsifb;/
                                                                                                               f                        l         wifjyMu&ef aqG;aEG;Mujcif;jzpfonf/
e,f pnfyifaus;&Gmae awmifol                       ray;Edkifbl;vdkY ajymvmw,f/                       olwdkYar;wJh yHkpHu uRefrwdkY                        ]]'DZdkif;udk 'Dv 25 &uf aemufqHk;xm;NyD;wifzkdYajymw,f/ t&ifuqkd&if pnfyifu olwdkYeJY
OD;aZmfviO;yg 25 OD;u ¤if;wdYk
              Id f D                              'gaMumifh tck ppfaq;wJ[mu     h                   awmifoawGuyJtrSm;vkyxm;
                                                                                                                 l                   f                                       k f dk                                 d f
                                                                                                                                                  ywfoufwhJ uefx½duuyJ csay;wmrsm;w,f/ tckusawmh vkipif&uefx½duawG tm;vH;udk     k f                  k
ydkif v,f,majrrsm;udk tmPm                        ormorwfrusbl;vdYk ajymcsif                        wJhyHkeJY olwdkYujyefar;aew,f/                zdwfNyD;wifckdif;wm/ 'DvkdrsKd;vkyfwm pnfyifom,mrSm 'gyxrqHk;BuHKzl;wmyJ/ uefx½dkuf&wJh
&SdolwcsKdUESifh aiGaMu;csrf;om                   w,f/tckppfaq;wmudrBudKuf    k                     ajym&&if tckppfaq;wJhtay:                     olu 2013 qD;*dr; trD aqmuf&r,fvYdk ajymw,f}} [k vkipif& uefx½duf OD;armifarmifp;u
                                                                                                                                                                          f                                     d f          k                      kd
olrsm; yl;aygif;um odrf;,lNyD;                    vdkY awmifolawGpkNyD; or®w½Hk;                    rSm vHk;0auseyfrI r&Sdygbl;vdkY               ajymonf/ NrdKUjyzGHUNzdK;a&;twGuf wnfaqmuf&rnfhyHkpHwGif um;ygwif? [kdw,f? plygrm;uuf?
tuGu½ua&mif;pm;aeaMumif;
           f kd f                                 udk pmjyefwifzdkY pDpOfxm;yg                      ajymcsifygw,f}} [k awmifol                    vlaeuGef'kdwkdufcef;? acwfrDaps;qkdifcef;rsm;? a&;ul;uef? tyef;ajcyef;NcHwdkY yg0ifrnfjzpfNyD;
tqdkygudpöESifh ywfoufí xd                        w,f}}[k KNU Nidrf;csrf;a&;                        a':jrifhjrifhpdefu ajymonf/                   uefx½dkuf&olonf 2012 ckESpf ZlvkdifvrSpí vkyfief;pwif&rnfjzpfum 2013 qD;*drf;pftrD
a&mufpm [efYwm; ta&;,lay;
            G                                     tzGJUydkif v,fajrwGif v,fvkyf                                                                   NyD;pD;&rnf[k od&onf/                                                                   ref;armifarmif
                                                                                                                             ref;armifarmif
yg&ef wifjyvmrIudk ZGef 7 &uf                     ol OD;oefYpifu ajymonf/
eHeuf 11 em&Du tr&yl&NrdKU                               awmifol 25 OD;tm; ac:
e,f taxGaxGtycsKyfa&; OD;pD;
                       k f
XmewGif ppfaq;cJhaomfvnf;
                                                  ,lppfaq;&mwGif ppfaq;a&;
                                                  tzGJUü rEÅav;c½dkif ajrpm&if;
                                                                                                      aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; ydwfvkdufrIaMumifU a'ocHrsm; oGm;vma&;tcufawGY
ppfaq;rIrSm tm;&auseyfzG,f                        XmerS wm0ef&owpfO;ESihf tr
                                                                       dS l D                       ref;armifarmif                            oGm;a&;vma&;rSm odyftqif              ajym&rSef; rodbl;/ tckjzpfae         wmtqifrajyawmhb;? wpfcg  l
&m r&SdaMumif; tppfaq;cH&m                        &yl&NrdKUe,f Oya't&m&SdwpfOD;                     rEÅav;? ZGef 23                                  h
                                                                                                                                              ajywJvrf;yg/ uRefawmfwYkd bd;   k     wmu 'D*dwfuae vSnf;wdkY              wav Aef;armfum;vrf;ay:
      f
wGiyg0ifol v,fyi&if OD;oefYkd f S                 wdYk uom ppfaq;jcif;jzpfonf/                            {&m0wD jrpfurf;eHab;                bGm;awG vufxufuwnf;u                     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                    qkiu,fwYkd jzwfr,fq&if *dwf dk       wufNyD; armif;ydYk &w,f/ olwYkd
pifu ajymonf/                                            ]]ppfaq;wm obm0rus                         jrawmif? tif;euf? waumif;?                &Swvrf; rd;&moDa&wufcsdeu
                                                                                                                                                d hJ        k               f       jzwfoef;aMu;ay;NyD; jzwfae&          owfrSwfxm;wJh {&d,muae
        ]]ppfaq;zdkYqdkNyD; ½Hk;udkac:            ygbl;/ ppfaq;a&;tzGJUrSmESpfOD;                   armif;ukef;? oydwfusif;ponfh              vGJ&if usefwJh&moDawGrSm oGm;         w,f}}[k ¤if;uajymonf/                jzwfNyD; ydkYr,fqkd&if BuHvSnf;
awmh awmifol 25 OD;pvHk;oGm;                      wnf;qdkwmudku r[kwfwm/                            a'orsm;odkY tvG,fwul oGm;                 vkdY&wJh vrf;? jrawmifuae                    jrpfurf;½dk;vrf;tm; xl;       wpfpD;udk ig;axmifay;&w,f?
Muw,f/ ppfaq;awmh wpfOD;                          wu,fwrf; ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ rSm                       vmEdkifaom jrpfurf;½dk;wef;               oydwfusif;xd aumif;aumif;             tifwmae&Sife,f vkyfief;pkrS            d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         qkiu,fjzwf&if wpfp;udk ig; D
csif;pD ppfw,f/ av;a,mufyJ                        e,fajrcH&J? poHk;vHk;? wdkif;ajr                                          S f
                                                                                                    vrf;tm; 2008 ckEppí armif;                oGm;vdkY&w,f/ 'Da'oawGu               ukef wifukefcsqdyfurf; wnf           &may;rS jzwfvdkY&w,f? 'Dvkd
ppf&ao;w,f? nae 3 em&D                            pm&if;½Hk;u wm0ef&SdolawG?                            f
                                                                                                    uke;aus;&Gmtkypk jrpfurf;ab;
                                                                                                                      f                       xGufwJh ukefypönf;awGudk 'D           aqmufNyD; Htoo International         oGm;a&;vma&;tqifajywJvrf;      h
ausmfaeNyD/ ppfaq;zdYk ac:wmu                     wdkif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&tzGJUu                                              f
                                                                                                    ü xl;tifwmae&Sie,f vkyief;  f             vrf;uyJo,f ykYd wmrsm;w,f/            Industry Group Jetty Area [k         udk ydwfvkdufwm uRefawmfwdkY
eHeuf 10 em&D? wu,fppfawmh                                      dS l
                                                  wm0ef&oawG yg0ifoifw,f/         h                 pkrS ukefwifukefcs qdyfurf;               tJ'DNyD;cJhwJh 2008 ckESpfavmuf       qkdif;bkwfwyf ydwfqdkYxm;um                           l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         awmif awmifoawGrvdvm;yg      k
11 em&DausmfrS ppfw,f/ ppf                        tckppfaq;wJh[mu yGifhvif;rI                       wnfaqmuf&ef ydwfvkdufjcif;                u 'Darmif; ukef;&Gm&JU jrpfqdyf       tqkdyge,fajrudkvnf; yk'fr            bl;}}[k tif;euf&Gmom;wpfOD;
aq;wJhtcg uRefawmfwdkY xGuf                            d l
                                                  r&Sb;jzpfaew,f/ or®w½H;u          k               aMumifh a'ocHrsm; oGm;vma&;               rSm xl;uae ukewifuecsqdyf
                                                                                                                                                                f       k f         144 xkwfjyefxm;onf/                  uajymonf/ ¤if;udpöESifh ywf
    k f              å
qdcsuukd rdwLul;ay;ygvdYk ajym                    pmjyefusvmvdYk om ppfaq;a&;                       tcufawGUae&aMumif; awmif                  urf;aqmufawmh trsm;olig                                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                           ]]t&if 'Djrpfurf;½d;vrf;u     oufí a'ocHrsm; pkaygif;um
awmh rdwåLul;vdkYr&bl;? vuf                                          f
                                                  tzGUJ zGUJ NyD; vkyae&wm/ wu,f                    ol OD;ndrf;u ajymonf/                     oGm;aewJhvrf;udk ydwfypfvkduf         ae *&dwa0gvfoMum;puf½ukd
                                                                                                                                                                                               f                   kH            dk f          h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         oufqi&modYkwifjycJaomfvnf;
a&;rleJYa&;rSwfygvdkYajymw,f/                     wrf; epfemwJholbufuae &yf                               ]]'Djrpfurf;½dk;vrf;u uRef                          G
                                                                                                                                              w,f/ &Gmol&mom;awGuvnf;                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                    vSn;awGeYJ BudKydYk ae&wm tck'D      tajctae xl;rvmaMumif;
vufa&;rleJYa&;rSwfNyD; vuf                        wnfNyD; rSefrSefuefuefvkyfay;                     awmfwdkY awmifolawGtwGuf                  'DudpöeJYywfoufNyD; b,foGm;           vrf;udk ydwfvkdufawmh BudKydkY&      od&onf/              ref;armifarmif
TECHNOLOGY                                               17                                                                                                                Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday




jynfwGif; Facebook Account ESifU Website tcdk;cH&rlrsm;
ydkrdkjzpfyGm;? ICT enf;Oya'vdk[k tdkifwDorm;rsm;oHk;oyf
&J&ifhrdk;atmif
&efukef? ZGef 21
        wGi;&Sd tifwmeuf Facebook Account tygt0if Website tcd;cH&rIrsm; ,ck&ufyi;wGif
            f                                                  k               kd f                                                                                                                          a&;vkyfief;rS od&onf/
 jynf   qufwujf zpfym;aeNyD; ,if;twGuf ICT enf;Oya'rsm; jy|mef;um umuG,oifaMumif;
              f kd   G                                                    f h                                                                                                                                      ¤if; SEA-ME-WE-3 a&
tdkifwDorm;rsm;u oHk;oyfonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             atmufaub,fvqufaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                             onf rMumcP jywfawmuf
         ]]taumifh tcdk;cH&rSmawG       azhbkwfoHk;&mrSmvnf; wpfcg                                            fS S d
                                                                                              ]]b*Fvm;a'h&rm&SwhJ Hac-                                                                                       avh&SdNyD; tifwmeuf uGefeuf
awmh&SdaerSmyJ/ azhbkwfqmAm             wnf; aMumufoGm;w,f}} [k                         ker awG[m b,f0ufbfqkduf                                                                                              &Sif aES;auG;rlrsm; jzpfay:avh
u rvHkNcHKbl;/ olYxufjrifhwJh           touf 25 ESpf&Sd trsKd;orD;                      awGudk Target xm;NyD; wkucuf d f dk                                                                                  &SdaMumif; tifwmeufqdkif zGifh
qmAmawGawmif t[ufcHae&                  wpfOD;u qdkonf/                                 r,fqkdwmukd uRefawmfhtaeeJY                                                                                          vSpfolwpfOD;u ajymonf/
wm/ tBuHay;csifwmu udk,fh                               k f f S
                                               ¤if;Adi;&yfprm trnfzsuf                  rodao;ygbl;/ 'gayr,fh tzGJU                                                                                                SEA-ME-WE-3             a&
[mudk,f owdxm;NyD; oHk;zdkYyJ/          Adkif;&yfpfjzpfNyD; Munfh½I&efESdyfyg           pwifzGJUaeNyD jzpfwJhtaMumif;eJY                                                                                     atmuf aub,f v f quf
awGUorQ vifhawGudk vdkufrESdyf          u &&Sdjcif;r&SdbJ rdrdtaumifh                   b,folawGu aoG;xkd;w,f/                                                                                               aMumif;rS Bandwidth 1.7GB
zdkY vdkw,f/ udk,fhvufawmhyfeJY         emrnfjzifh jyefvnfjzefYa0jcif;                  ulnDw,f qkdwmukdawmh twd                    k f
                                                                                                                                 qdutcsKUd ESihf jynfwi;&S0ufbf
                                                                                                                                                         G f d        http://www. passport.gov.mm                   kH J   f           G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             &,lo;pGvsu&NdS yD; jynfwi;odYk
     k f kH kd
ud,o;zdYk vw,f/ tcd;cH&wm        k      jzpfaMumif; tdkifwDorm;wpfOD;                   tus rodygbl;/ 'Dawmh owd                 qdkuftcsKdUtm; qdkufbmwdkuf          ESifh taumufcGefOD;pD;Xme\             csdwfqufxm;onhf tifwm
             k        dS
u tpd;&rSmwm0ef&w,f/ ICT                u qdkonf/                                       ay;csif w muawmh Website                 cdkufrIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhaMumif; ¤if;   0ufbfqdkuf http:// myanmar-            euf qufaMumif;rsm;teuf
enf;Oya' vdkw,f/ wm0ef,l                       azhbkwfoHk;pGJol EkdifiHawmf             orm;rsm; Backup omvkyxm;        f        tzGJYESpfck\ Facebook pmrsuf         customs.gov. mm wdkYudkvnf;            ta&;tBuD;qHk; qufaMumif;
ajz&Sif;ay;r,fhtzGJU r&Sdbl;}} [k                  H
                                        or®w½k; t&m&SwpfO;uvnf;  d       D              Muyg/ NyD;awmh rki;rsm;ukvnf;
                                                                                                          d f         d          ESmrsm;wGif ZGefv 18 &ufaeYü         qufvuf wdkufckdufcJhaMumif;            wpfck jzpfonf/ SEA-ME-
jrefrmenf;ynm zHGUNzdK;wdk;wuf          Facebook Account cdk;0ifMuol                    owdxm;apvkdygw,f/ Nidrf;                 aMunmxm;onf/                         tqdkyg Hacker tzGJU\ Face-             WE-3 (South East Asia-
a&;tzGJU (MIDO) wnfaxmif                rsm; wpfaeYxufwpfaeY rsm;                                 d dk
                                                                                        csrf;rvkveYJ bmjzpfvYdk 'DvrsKd;  dk          Bangladesh Cyber Army           book wGif azmfjycJhonf/                Middle East-Western Europe
ol bavmhum aebkef;vwfu                                      h
                                        jym;vmonftwGu¤if;taumifh     f                  qufjzpfcsif&wmvJ/ bmawG                  tzGJUrS qdkufbmwdkufcdkufrI jyK             ,if;tzGJUrsm;rS wdkufcdkufcJh   3) ac: Oa&my tm&S zefBudK;rQif
ajymonf/                                tm; tcsdeftwdkif;twmwpfck                           d f        J
                                                                                        vkcsivYdkv/ NyD;awmh wcsKUd &ckif    d         f            h k
                                                                                                                                 vkyxm;onftpd;&tzGUJ tpnf;            aomenf;rSm DDOs (Distrib-              pepfudk 2000 jynfhESpf atmuf
         Facebook onf EkdifiHw                   f         f d f
                                        twGi; ydwor;rnf[a&;om;             k            uae tpövmrfu;ajymif;olawG
                                                                                                            l                    rS 0ufbfqdkufrsm;rSm aqmuf           uted Denial of service) jzpfNyD;       wdkbmvrSpwifum EdkifiHaygif;
umwGif vloHk;trsm;qHk; vlrI             cJhonf/                                             d
                                                                                        ukawmifvufrcHwtjyif tpm  hJ              vkyfa&; 0efBuD;Xme\ www.             DDOs ckcHEdkifonfh tqifhjrifh          34 EdkifiHjzifh pwiftoHk;jyKcJh
qufqHa&; 0ufbfqdkufjzpfNyD;                            k f
                                               azhbwonfowif;tcsuf                       eJY tqdyfygwJha&awGukd wkduf             construction.gov.mm 0ufbf            Router rsm; oHk;pGJ&ef vdktyf          aMumif; od&onf/
           dS G
vuf&wif wpfurÇmvH;ü toH;     k      k   tvufrsm; od&Sd&ef a0rQ&ef                       w,fqkdwJh owif;yg Mum;&yg                qdkuf? opfawma&;&m 0efBuD;           aMumif; tifwmeuf enf;ynm                      rSwfwrf;rsm;t& jrefrm
jyKolta&twGuf oef; 700 &Sd              twGuf taumif;qHk;jzpfNyD;                       w,f/ 'gawG[m rjzpfoifhwJh                Xme\ www.myanmar teak.               avhvmolwpfOD;u ajymonf/                  k f H G            §
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ediiwif 1999 ckEpf atmufwkd
aMumif; ,if;ukrÜPDuaMunm                ,ckuJhodkY taumifhrsm; cdk;,l                   vkyf&yfawGyg/ 'Davmuftxd                 gov.mm 0ufbfqdkufrsm;ESifh           2010 jynfEpf 0ef;usiuvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                     h S         f           bmv 13 &ufaeYrpwifí tifS
cJhonf/                                 um r[kwfrrSefonfh owif;                         rjzpfoifhygbl;/ tysuftysuf                           k f
                                                                                                                                 tjcm;qdursm;jzpfonfh www.            Blink Hacker Group trnf&               wmeuf vdkif;aygif; 57 vdkif;
         ,ckESpf arvtwGif; jynf         rsm; jzefYa0jcif;? a&;om;jcif;                  eJY ESmacgif;aoG; rxGufapcsif            myanmar.gov.mm ? www.                tzGJUrS jrefrm0ufbfqdkufrsm;           tm; pwifcsdwfqufcJhNyD; 2000
wGif;&Sd azhbkwf toHk;jyKolrsm;         rsm;aMumifh rl&if;taumifyi&if        h kd f S   ygbl;/ tckuawmh vlvlcsif;                myancoop.gov.mm ? www.                        k f kd f I k f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                      tm;wducurvycao;onf/                    jynfhESpfwGif jrefrmhqufoG,f
Mum;wGif &D[ef;em;trnf& AD'D            rsm;epfemaeNyD; vlrIa&;½IyfaxG;                 r[kwfbJeJY yxrOD;qkH; Online             csostat. gov.mm ? ww w.moai.                jrefrmEkdifiHwGif toHk;jyK      a&;vkyfief;r§ tD;ar;vf? tif
     k kd f f
,dAi;&yfpwpfck ysHUESYH cNhJ yD; ,if;   rIrsm;jzpfay:aeaMumif; owif;                    ay:rSmwif Hacker tcsif;csif;             gov.mm ponf0ufbqursm;h  f kd f                 dS f
                                                                                                                                                                      vsuf&onhtifwmeuf Band-                                  kd k k f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                             wmeufpepfutoH;jyKEdi&efzihf
AD'D,dkMunfh½I&ef uvpfESdyfol           pmq&mwpfO;u oH;oyfonf/D        k                ÓPfcsif;NydKifr,fh Cyber War             ESifh jynfwGif;&Sd qdkufbmwdkuf      width yrmPrSm tjrihfqHk; 3.8           vSpfay;cJhum yk*¾vdu ukrÜPD
rsm; Adkif;&yfpful;pufcJhonf/                  jynf w G i f ; wG i f azh b k w f        vkYdac:wJh tifwmeufenf;ynm               cdkufrIcH&onfh yk*¾vdu 0ufbf         GB eD;yg;&SdNyD; SEA-ME-WE-            11 ckESifh tpdk;&XmetcsKdUwGif
         ]]uRefrazhbkwfa0grSm tJ'D                   h
                                        taumifrsm; tcd;cH&onfenf;  k           h        ppfyGJygyJ}} [k ¤if;0ufbfqdkuf           qdkufaygif; 30 ausmf&Sdonf/          3 a&atmufaub,fvf quf                   tifwmeufukd wyfqiftoH;jyK   k
&D[ef;em;&JU sex um;awG                 wl .com.mm jzifh tqHk;owf                       wGif ajymMum;cJhonf/                             ¤if;enf;wl Bangladesh                     k f
                                                                                                                                                                      aMumif;vdi; tygt0if tifwm              cGifh&&SdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
tjynfh vmwifxm;wmawGU                   aom website rsm;tm; b*Fvm;                            ZGefvtwGif; wdkufcdkufcJh          Black HAT Hackers tzG J U rS         eufqufaMumif; av;vdkif;jzifh
awmh rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;w,f/               a'h&Sftajcpdkuf Hacker tzGJUrS                  aom tzGJUrsm;rSm Bangladesh              vnf; jrefrmEdkifiHawmf A[dk          oH;pGaeaMumif; jrefrmhqufo,f
                                                                                                                                                                         k J                          G                           &J&ifUrdk;atmif
csufcsif;yJ zsufayr,fh r&bl;?           ZGefvtwGif; wdkufcdkufcJhonf/                   Cyber Army tzGJUESifh Bangla-            bPf (http://www.cbm.gov.
vmjzefYwJholudk bavmhvdkufrS            enf;ynm0ufbquwnfaxmif   f kd f                  desh Black HAT Hackers                                 k f H l
                                                                                                                                 mm) ESihf Ediiu;vufrwxwf S f k
wjznf;jznf; aysmufom;w,f?      G        xm;ol nDaerif;uvnf;-                            tzGJUwdkYjzpfNyD; tpdk;& 0ufbf           ay;a&;Xme\ 0uf b f q d k u f                                   IT Brief
                                                                                                                                                                        - jrefrmEdkifiH uGefysLwmtoif;csKyfESifh *syefEdkifiH CIESF
   wpf&uf usyf 200 jzifU tD;ar;vfom oHk;Ekdifrnf[k Call Center qdk                                                                                                      wdkY yl;aygif;usif;yaom Cloud Application Seminor ESifh IT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sf   f
                                                                                                                                                                        Business Plan Contest 2012 NydKifyGJukd ,ckEptwGi; usi;yrnf  f
                                                                                                                                                                        jzpfNyD; avQmufvTmrsm;udk www.myanmarctawards.org odkY
  &J&ifhrdk;atmif
  &efukef? ZGef 21                                                                                                                                                      Zlvdkifv 31 &ufaeY aemufqHk;wifEdkifonf/
        wpf&ufvQif usyf 200 jzifh tifwmeufoHk;Ekdifrnfr[kwfbJ tD;ar;vf0efaqmifrludkom toHk;jyKEkdifrnfjzpfaMumif; Call Center                                           - &wemyHk Call Center rS usef;rma&;? [dkw,fvkyfief;?
  wm0ef&Sdolu Venus News Weekly odkY ZGef 21 &ufaeYwGif ajymonf/                                                                                                                 f k f S                 kd f
                                                                                                                                                                        tvkytudi&mazGjcif;? aA'ifqi&m taMumif;t&mrsm;ESiywf              hf
        ]]tjyifrSm ajymaeovdk usyf 200 eJY wpfaeukeftifwmeufoHk;EkdifrSm r[kwfbl;/ tD;ar;vftwGuf ajymwmyg/ 24 em&DzGifhNyD;                                             oufonfh 0efaqmifrIrsm;twGuf zkef;eHygwf 1875 jzifh ZGefv
  vufcHEkdifw,f/ jyefydkYEkdifw,f/ tjcm;0ufbfqdkuf MunfhwmawGu tifwmeufoHk;pGJctwdkif; jzwfoGm;rSmyg}}[k ¤if;u qdkonf/                                                          S                d                  h    G f
                                                                                                                                                                        v,frpwifum wpfrepf usyf 100 EIe;f jzifaqmif&uay;aeonf/
        odkYaomfvnf; ,if;0efaqmifrI&,lvdkolrsm;taejzifh jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;rScGifhjyKxm;aom tifwmeuftoHk;jyKcGifh &&SdNyD;olrsm;                                                    f                               f
                                                                                                                                                                        - ZGev 5 &ufaeY (urÇmYywf0ef;usiaeY) wGif zGUJ pnf;cJaom       h
  jzpf&ef vdktyfonf/ jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;wGif GSM ESifh CDMA zkef;rsm;twGuf tifwmeuftoHk;jyKcGifh avQmufvTmrsm;                                                                  f d f f       k f
                                                                                                                                                                        ywf0ef;usixe;odr;a&;qdi&m owif;axmufrsm;tzGUJ (EJG)
  vufcHaeNyD; GSM jzifh toHk;jyKygu wpfrdepfvQif ESpfusyf? CDMA jzifh toHk;jyKygu av;usyf usoifhrnfjzpfonf/GSM jzifh                                                    \0ufbfqdkuftjzpf www. ejgnews.blogsport.com udk vTifh
                      k        D                                  J kH d f     kd          Ü D
  tifwmeuftoH;jyKolwpfO;u ]]wpf&uf usyf 200 eJY tD;ar;vfyo;Ekir,fq&ifawmh ukrPawGawmh tqifajyw,f/ uk,bmom               d fh
                                                                                                                                                                        wifvdkufNyD; ,if;tzGJU&JUtD;ar;vfrSm ejgnews2012 @gmail.
  uk,f oH;r,fq&ifawmh rxl;bl;/ wpfrepf ESpusyfeYJ yJ oH;r,f/ ar;vfuawmh wpfaeukef rzGiygbl;/ G-talk orm;awGtwGuawmh
     d       k     kd                   d      f           k               kd                  hf                                f
                                                                                                                                                                        com jzpfonf/
  tqifajyEkdifw,f}}[k qdkonf/
        Call Center rS wpf&uf usyf 200 jzifhtD;ar;vfokH;pGJEdkifrnfh Mobile E-mail Service 0efaqmifrIudk ZGefv 15 &ufrS pwifcJhNyD;                                                           k         kfH         kfH
                                                                                                                                                                        - jynfaxmifpor®wjrefrmEdiiawmf EdiiawmfzUJG pnf;yHtajccH   k
  tokH;jyKvdkolrsm;taejzifh Call Center ukwfeHygwfwpfckjzpfonfh 1883 udk GET MAIL [k Message ay;ydkY&rnfjzpfonf/ ¤if;                                                   Oya'qdkif&m ckH½Hk;jzpf\0ufbfqdkufjzpfaom www.myanmar
  tjyif tifwmeuf Account eJY Passward udk ay;ydkY&efvdktyfonf/ ]]tokH;jyKcudkawmh zkef;abvfxJu jzwfoGm;rSmyg/ okH;pGJykH                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                        consitutionaltribunal.org.mm udk ZGev 21 &ufaeYwif pwif G
  tao;pdwfudk od&Sdvdk&ifvnf; Call Center odkY pkHprf;ar;jref;Edkifw,f}}[k Blue Ocean Company wm0ef&Sdolu ajymonf/                                                      vTifhwifcJhNyD; cHk½Hk;\aqmuf&Gufcsufrsm;? owif;rsm;udk tcsdef
        ¤if;0efaqmifrIudk ,ck ZGefvukeftxd tcrJhtoHk;jyKcGifhay;xm;NyD; toHk;jyKc aumufcHrIudk Zlvkdifv 1 &ufaeYrS pwifrnf                                              ESifhwpfajy;nD xkwfjyefrnf[kod&onf/
  jzpfaMumif; Call Center rS od&onf/                                                                                   &J&ifUrdk;atmif                                                                                       &J&ifUrdk;atmif
  18              Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                                                                                      INTERVIEW
]]tukefvHk;u vlom;awGyJav ,Ofaus;rIrwlwmawGudk
vufcH&r,f? tjyeftvSefav;pm;&r,f}}
wdkif;&if;om;rsm;\ rwlnDaom,Ofaus;rI? bmompum;? "avUxHk;pHrsm;ESifU wnfNidrfaomvlhtzGJYtpnf;wnfaxmif&ef BudK;yrf;aeonfU
Nidrf;azmifa';&Sif;rS q&m[,f&DESifU awGYqHkjcif;
atmifolrsdK;0if;
                vlrsKd;aygif; wpf&mausmfaexdkifaom jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmfwGif rwlnDaom,Ofaus;rI?
   k
 wdi;f &if;om;                                     k            k                       kH      d
                uGjJ ym;jcm;em;aom bmompum;? ½d;&m,Ofaus;rItvduf qef;jym;aom"avhx;pHrsm;pGm &Saeygonf/
tqdkyg rwlnDuGJjym;jcm;em;aom ,Ofaus;rI? bmompum;? "avhxHk;pHrsm;udk aygif;pyfNyD; wnfNidrfaom vlYabmif
         k    f                     G f          f        f             D S
opfwpfcay:xGe;a&; BudK;yrf;aqmif&uaeaom Nidr;azmifa';&Si;rS q&m[,f&Eihf Venus News Weekly wdYk awGUqHk
ar;jref;xm;onfrsm;udk jyefvnfaumufEkwfazmfjytyfygonf/
            f           f k
Venus ; Nidr;azmifa';&Si;qdwm          b,f       tajctaeudku Armpum;wwfrIu                                                            SHR          ; jrifhrm;wmaygh/ Oyrmaemf
      k
vdtzGUJ tpnf;rsdK;vJ/                            t&rf;tm;enf;aewmaygh/ 'Duav;                                                         cHpm;Munfhyg/ 'Dvdk&Sdw,f? aus;&Gm
SHR ; q&mBuD; a'gufwmpuGJ*Ref                    awG nHhvdkYawmhr[kwfygbl;/ olwdkY                                                    wpf&GmrSm Armvdkrwwfbl;/ aewm
zGJUpnf; wnfaxmifxm;wmyg/ bm                     BuD;jyif;&wJh ywf0ef;usifu Armvdk                                                    wdkif;&if;om;awG aeMuw,f/ tJ'D
oma&;acgif;aqmifawGa&m vlav;                     rajymMubl;/ jrefrmawGaewJhae&mrSm                                                    aus;&Gmav;u wkdif;&if;om; t&rf;                 w,f/ aemifvmr,fh rsKd;qufawGrSm                       ay;oGm;r,fqdkwmrsKd; jzpfoifhwmyg/
pm;wJh yk*Kd¾ vfawGa&m yg0ifzUJG pnf;xm;         usawmh Armpum;u tcuftcJr&Sd                                                          rsm;w,fayghAsm/ tJ'D aus;&Gmav;u                wpfa,mufeYJwpfa,muf r,HMk unfw?hJ                                      f             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Venus ; Nidr;azmifa';&Si;u wdi;&if;      k f
wmyg/ zGJUpnf;NyD;awmh jynfxJa&;                 bl ;/ ck e uvd k a 'ou uav;awG                                                       vrf;wpfvrf;udk Armemrnf oGm;rSnfh               [dkvlrsdK;eJY'DvlrsKd;eJY rwnfhbl;? 'DvleJY           om;uav;i,fawG&UJ bmompum;eJY
0efBuD;XmerSm rSwfyHkwifNyD; vkyfwm              twGufawmh t&rf;tcuftcJ jzpf                                                               k f
                                                                                                                                      vduwm? xm;ygawmh? 'gawGu b,f                    'Dvl rwnfhqdkwJh twdwfujzpfcJhwm                                           k   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ywfoufNyD;jyKpxm;wJpmwrf;u tpd;k &
aygh/ vkyfaqmifaewmawGuawmh                      w,f/ ausmif;wufwJhtcgrSmawmh                                                         vdkt"dyÜm,f oufa&mufrvJ/ atmif                  awGudk vufpm;acsrvm;? oifykef;acs                     udk b,favmufxd taxmuftul
w&m;rQwNyD;awmh wnfNidrfwJh vlU                  bmompum; tcuftcJawGUw,f/                                                             r*FvmvdkY rSnfhvdkufygNyD&JU/ Armvdk                            k         f k J dS Jh
                                                                                                                                                                                      rvm;qdwhJ ESpcy&wtxJrm oifye;         S        k f    jzpfapvJ/
abmif tzGJUtpnf;rSm rwlnDwJh ,Of                 awGUw,fqdkwJh[mu ajymawmhajym                                                        atmifqdkwm aumif;w,f/ r*Fvm                                J dS
                                                                                                                                                                                      acszdYk y&awmhw,f/ rdbawGvufxuf                       SHR ; okawoe vkyfcJhwmu
aus;rIawG? rwlnDwJh bmompum;                     uswmyJ taxmuftxm;r&Sdbl;aygh?                                                        qdkwm aumif;w,f/ 'gayr,fh olwdkY                uae om;orD;awG vufxuftxd                              bmompum;tcuftcJyJ vkyfcJhwm
awG? rwlnDwJh "avhxHk;pHawG &Sdw,f/              pepfwusr&SdcJhbl;/ tJ'gaMumifh azmif                                                 tay:rSmb,fvdk tusKd;oufa&mufrI                  oifykef;acs&if;acs&if;uae aemifarG;                   av/ EdkifiH&JUtpdk;&rSm wdkif;&if;om;
tJ'gawG wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf                      a';&S i f ; taeeJ Y aocsmavh v m&if ?                                                awG &SdrvJ/ Armvdkemrnfudkawmif                 vmr,fh om;orD;awG vufxufrSm                           awGeJY ywfoufNyD;awmh tcuftcJudk
tjyeftvSefav;pm;MuNyD;awmh w&m;                  pm&if;Z,m; tcsuftvufawGeJY&&if                                                       renf; zwfae&wm/ ucsifawGaewJh                   at;csrf;oGm;NyDayghAsm/ NyD;cJhwmawGudk               &mEIef;jynfh em;rvnfbl;/ em;rvnf
rQwwJ h vl a bmif t opf u d k wnf                ajym&wm ydNk yD;cdirmw,faygh? wu,f        k f                                        ae&mqdk olwdkYa'otvdkuf? &Srf;awG&Sd            oifcef;pm,lNyD;awmh cGifhvGwfjcif;eJYyJ               bl;qdkwJh[mudk ydkNyD;awmh em;vnfrI&Sd
aqmufoGm;zdkY &nf&G,fxm;wJh tzGJU                vdkY azmifa';&Sif;taeeJY t,ltq rSm;                                                  wJhae&mqdk olwdkYbmompum;tvdkuf                     k f
                                                                                                                                                                                      wdi;jynftwGuf jzpfvmr,fvYkd xifyg                     atmif wdkif;&if;om;awG&JU ynmoif
tpnf;yg/                                         ae&ifvnf; pm&if;Z,m;rSmjyr,fav/                                                      ay;vdkufr,fqdk&if tusKd;oufa&muf                w,f/                                                  Mum;&rSmyJjzpfjzpf wdkif;&if;om;awG&JU
                            f
Venus ; azmifa';&Si;taeeJY Nidr;csr;       f f   tJ'gaMumifhrdkY tJ'D[mudk okawoe                                                     rI&wmcsif; rwlawmhb;av/ wdi;&if;
                                                                                                                                            dS                     l     k f          Venus ; ynma&;0efBuD;Xmeu wdi;                  k f   &ifxJu cHpm;csufawGudk em;vnfNyD;
          Y
a&;eJywfoufNyD; vkyaqmifcwmav;f         hJ       vkyfNyD;awmh jyKjyifajymif;vJoifhwJh                                                 om;vlrsKd;pkwpfpkcsif;pD&JU ,Ofaus;rI?          &if;om; bmompum; oifMum;cGifh                           k f H            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ediiawmftpd;&u ydNk yD;em;vnfatmif
rsm;&Sd&if ajymjyay;yg/                                             kd
                                                 b,fvay:vpD qdwmudk oufqi&m                     k                         kd f        bmompum;? tavhtxawGudk azmf                     jy|mef;r,fqwtay:rSma&m azmifa';
                                                                                                                                                                                                            kd hJ                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            vky&rSmayghav/ NyD;&ifawmh ydNk yD;awmh
SHR ; Peace Education awG bm                     Ediiawmfuwifjyr,f/ wifjy&if EdiiH
                                                   k f H                        kd                                            k f     xkwfay;vmEdkif&if taumif;qHk;yg/                &Sif;&JUtjrifav; odcsifygw,f/                         aumif;wJhrl0g'awG csrSwf&r,f/ 'grS
awGawmh ay;wmawmh&cygw,f/ Nidr;   dS hJ      f   awmfu ajz&Si;ay;Edir,f/ wdi;&if;        f              k f           k f             tJ'Dvdkvkyfaqmifay;jcif;u wdkif;&if;            SHR ; pdwfxJrSm odyfawmhtm;r&                         tpdk;&u b,fvdkukpm;&rvJqdkwmudk
aeeJY ay;cJhwmyJ &Sdwmyg/                        om;uav;awG udpudkajz&Sif;ay;jcif;                    ö                               om; pnf;vHk;nDñGwfjcif;udk tusKd;               bl;As/ tpdk;&udk jyefNyD;awmh pdppfap                 odem;vnfNyD; tqifajyatmif vkyf
Venus ; wdkif;&if;om;uav;awG&JU                                 k f H
                                                 [m Ediiawmf&UJ wdi;&if;om;pnf;vH;                  k f                           k   aus;Zl;jyKr,fvdkY xifw,f/ 'Dtwdkif;             csifw,f/ wdkif;&if;om; a'oawGrSm                      aqmifay;Edkifr,f/
                    Y
bmompum;eJywfoufNyD;awmh b,f                     nDñGwfa&;twGufvnf; tusdK;jyK                                                         oGm;aevdYk awmhrjzpfb;/ wdi;&if;om;
                                                                                                                                                                  l k f               ausmif;csdef jyifyrSm ausmif;pmudk                    Venus ; bmrsm; jznfhpGufajymcsifyg
    k
vdavhvmrIawGvyxm;vJ/    k f                               h
                                                 r,ftjyifwi;&if;om; vlrsK;tkypawG&UJ
                                                                              kd f                                 d fk               pmayawGukd oifuoifMum;ay;&r,f/
                                                                                                                                                             kd                       tcsdefydktjzpfac:NyD; oifMum;zl;w,f/                  ao;vJ/
SHR ; t&yfajym ajym&&ifawmh                      tusdK; udkvnf;aqmif&ma&mufvdkY                                                       tJ'grS tawG;tac:awG ajymif;vm                   rqv acwfu xifw,f/ uav;                                SHR ; ajymcsifwmuawmh wdkif;&if;
uRefawmfwdkYEdkifiHrSm Policy research           azmifa';&Sif;u vkyfaqmifcJhwmyg/                                                     r,f/ olwdkY&JU bmompum;eJY pmoif                wpfa,muftaeeJY jyefpOf;pm;Munf&if            h        om; uav;awGxJrSm awmfwJholawG
ayghAsm/ jrefrmEdkifiHrSm jyóemawG               tpdk;&rvkyf EdkifwmawGudkvkyfr,f/                                                    awmh ydkNyD;xda&mufw,fav/ tpdk;&                aqmhr,f? pmoifr,f/ pmoifwmNyD;                        trsm;BuD;&Sdw,f/ tajctae tcGifh
trsm;BuD ; &S d w ,f a ygh a v/ wcsKd U          t"duçuawmh Ediiawmfukd taxmuf               k f H                                    ydkif;uvnf; tm;ay;&r,f/                                                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                      &if uav;qdwmaqmhr,fav? arsmuf                         tvrf;r&vdYkom awmfwoawGu bm  hJ l
wdkif;&if;om;awGeJY ywfoufNyD;awmh               tuljzpfatmif EdkifiHawmftpdk;&rod                                                    Venus ; wdkif;&if;om; vlxkawGrSm                  H
                                                                                                                                                                                      ½I;atmif aqmhr,f/ ausmif;csdeue&if      f k f         ompum; tcuftcJaMumifh ynma&;
jyóemawG u trsm;BuD ; &S d w ,f /                ao;wJh? r0ifEdkifao;wJh ae&mawGudk                                                                             h
                                                                                                                                      todynma&csdef jrifvm&if vuf&rm           dS S   awmfNyD? ausmif;rSmaecsifpdwf r&Sdawmh                    k       k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            qH;cef;wditxd rjzpfbJ vrf;ckvyfrm             S
jyóemqdkwmxuf tqifrajyrIawG                      0ifr,f? a0rQr,f? jyKjyifajymif;vJzdkY                                                                               f f
                                                                                                                                      a&m aemifjzpfvmr,fh Nidr;csr;a&;udpö            bl;aygh? jyeftdyf&iftdyfr,f? rdbudk ul                wifjyKwfusoGm;wJholawG&Sdw,f/ tJ'D
aygh/ 'DtqifrajyrIawGrSm azmifa';                wduwe;r,f? tJ'pum;vH;u t&rf;
                                                        k f G f                                   D                 k                 awGrm b,fvtusKd ;oufa&mufrawG
                                                                                                                                               S          kd                 I        vkyf&if vkyfr,f? usL&SifoGm;&ifoGm;                   vdk jyKwfusoGm;wJh olawGxuae tif  J
&Sif;taeeJY yxrqHk;vkyfwJh bmom                  udkowdxm;ajym&r,fh pum;vHk;aygh                                                        d        k f
                                                                                                                                      &SvmEdirvm;/                                    r,f? oli,fcsif;awGeJY aqmh&ifaqmh                     *sifeD,mawG? q&m0efawG trsm;BuD;
            k
pum;qd&if uRefawmfwYkd u odawmhod                Asm/ azmifa';&Sif; taeeJY yg0gr&Sdbl;?                                               SHR ; &SdEdkifwmaygh/ &SdvmEdkifwm              r,fayghav/ tcsdefydkqdkwJh [mBuD;udk                          f k f          k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            xGuvmEdiw,f/wdi;&if;om;uav;
                k f
w,faygh/ wdi;&if;om;awG Armpum;                             f kd f
                                                 vkyEiwmyJ&w,fav/ wcsKdUudpawG        dS                                    ö         aygh/ wdkif;&if;om;uav;i,fawG ol                rBudKufbl;/ tJvdkawGaMumifh ratmif                    awGurnHMh ubl;/ bmompum;tcuf
eJY oif&&if olwdkYtdrfrSmvnf; olwdkY             rSm olwdkYrvkyfEdkifbl;? wcsKdUudpöawG                                               wdkYbmompum;eJY ynmoifMum;cGifh                         hJ hJ kH
                                                                                                                                                                                      jrifcwx;pHawG &Sw,f/ uarÇm'D;,m;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d                                k                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tcJwpfcav;om tpd;&u vkyay;Edif          f k
pum;eJYyJ olwdkYajymMuw,f/ &GmxJrSm              us tpdk;&uvkyfEdkifw,f/ azmifa';                                                     &r,fqdk&if olwdkY&JU tawG;tac:av;               rSm usifhoHk;ovdk ausmif;aet&G,frS                    &if tJ'DxJu vlawmfawG xGufvm
                                l
vnf; olwYkdpum;eJYowYkdajymMuw,f/                &Sif;u rvkyfEdkifbl;/ azmifa';&Sif;u                                                 awG wdk;wufvmr,fqdk&if olwdkY&JU                wdkif;&if;om; bmompum;udk &mcdkif                     r,f/ vlta&mufwpf&mrSm &Spfq,f
Armpum;wwfwJholu t&rf;enf;                       vkyfEdkifNyD;awmh tpdk;&u rvkyfEdkifwm                                               ywf0ef;usif? olwdkY&JU oli,fcsif;awG            EIef;rsm;rsm; jy|mef;? bmompum;udk                    avmuf xGufvmEdkifr,fqdk rqdk;bl;
w,f/ Arm{nfhonfuvnf; t&rf;                                       Jh
                                                 awGwtcuftcJawG&csifvnf;&Sr,f/                            dS            d             twGuf taxmuftuljyKr,fqdk&if                     &mcdkifEIef;enf;enf;eJY pNyD;oifMum;                  ayghaemf/ tJ'DxJrSm t&rf;xl;cRefwJhol
ta&muftayguf enf;w,f/ Arm                        tJ'Dawmh uRefawmfwdkYuvkyfNyD; tpdk;                                                 vlrsKd;tcsif;csif; em;vnfrIawG&Sdvm             ay;NyD; twef;BuD;vmwJh tcsdefrSm                      q,fa,mufavmufvnf; ygvmr,f
        h             G
{nfonfa&mufom;&if Armpum;ajym                    &udkjyefwifjyr,f/ tJ'Doabmyg/                                                        r,f/ tukefvHk;u vlom;awGyJav                    wjznf;jznf;eJY jy|mef;bmompum;                                     k k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ayghAsm/ ½d;½d;omrefatmifjrifwoawG    hJ l
wwfwJhol &Sm&wmaygh? &SmNyD;awmhrS               Venus ; wdi;&if;om;uav;awG ol     k f                                                ,Ofaus;rIrwlwmawGudk vufcH&                          k kd                    dk k
                                                                                                                                                                                      udw;oGm;r,fq&if ydaumif;ygw,f/                        uawmh ckepfq,favmufqdk&if EdkifiH
pum;jyefeJY ajym&w,f/ tJvdk&GmawG?                   Yk
                                                 wd&UJ pmayeJ,Ofaus;rIuoifMum;cGihf Y                           kd                    r,f? tjyeftvSefav;pm;&r,f/ tJ'D                 wdkif;&if;om;uav;awGudk pmoifwJh                      twGuf trsm;BuD;taxmuftul jzpf
tJ'Daus;&GmawG? tJvdk rdom;pkawGrSm                                    kd Ykd dS
                                                 &r,fqv&&if b,fvtusdK;aus;Zl;                                kd                       vdawGaMumifwpfa,mufeYJ wpfa,muf
                                                                                                                                          k            h                              ausmif;rSm em;rvnfwhJ uav;awGukd                      r,fvdkY xifw,f/
arG;vmwJh uav;awGusawmh olwdkY&JU                awG jrifhrm;vmEdkifrvJ/                                                              em;vnfNyD; at;csrf;r,fhoabm &Sd                 olwYkd&UJ wdi;&if;om;bmomeJYoifMum;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f                                                                  atmifolrsKd;0if;
INTERVIEW                                                                                                                                                                   Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             19

]]NLD aygif;pnf;zdkhuawmU uRefawmfodyfrjrifbl;AsmU?
bmvdkhvJqdk olwdkhuaygif;pnf;EdkifwJUtaetxm;rSm r&Sdygbl;}}
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkygwD (NDF) Ouú| OD;cifarmifaqGESifU awGYqHkjcif;
atmifolrsKd;0if;
                 'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf(NLD) rS cGJxGufNyD; trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkygwD (NDF) xlaxmifxm;aom
 trsKd;om;                       S
                 OD;cifarmifaqGEihf Venus News Weekly wdYk awGUqHar;jref;xm;onfrsm;udk jyefvnfaumufEwazmfjy
                                                                      k                                k f
tyfygonf/

Venus ; NDF ygwDuae NLD ajymif;              awmh vmNyD;aygif;ygAsmvdYk zdwac:wm     f                f G
                                                                                               xGuom;w,fvYkd uReawmfwYkdygwD0if  f
oGm;wJhvl b,fESa,muf&SdaeNyDvJ/              rsdK;rS r[kwfwmudk;/ tJ'g[m aygif;                rsm;u wwd,aeY A[dkOD;pD; tpnf;
UKMS ; xGufoGm;wmawmh atmuf                  apcsifwJh vP©Pmudk raqmifbl;qdk                   ta0;rSm wwd,tBudrf usif;ywJh
ajcydkif; enf;enf;&,f/ acgif;aqmif           wm ay:wmaygh/ uRefawmfwdkYygwDrS                  tcrf;tem;rSm ygwD0ifrsm;u qE´jyK
ydkif;u ygwDaxmifcgpu ygvmwJhol              NLD u xGufvmwJholawG &Sdaomf                                     l        D kd k f
                                                                                               Muw,f/ 'DvawG'vvywmud½wcs                     k I f
oHk;OD;ayghav/ tJ'DoHk;OD;uawmh xGuf         vnf; ygwD0ifvlxku NLD rS r[kwf                    oifhw,f/ ½IwfcszdkYtqdkwifawmh tm;
NyD;awmh NLD ajymif;r,fvdkY ajym             bJ/ a':atmifqef;pkMunf ajymwJtcg            h     vHk;uvnf; oabmwlMuw,f/ uefY
oGm;Muw,f/ trwfoHk;OD;aygh/ acgif;           rSmawmh taMumif;t&mtopfawG ay:                    uGufwJh oluawmh wpfa,muf ESpf                             d              kd f H S k f h l
                                                                                                                                                       &Sw,fav/'DEiirmtEdi&wJotukef                   ta&;awG 'Dbufydkif;rSm tjynfht0
aqmifydkif;u ckepfa,muf &Sdwmaygh/           csif ay:vmrSmayghav/ tckxduawmh                   a,mufavmufyJ &Sdw,f/ 'gayr,fh                           ,lqdkwJh (Winner Takes All) qdkwJh 51          r&Mubl;ayghAsm/ tJvdktaetxm;rsKd;
omref ygwD0ifawGxJu EdkifiHa&;                           kd
                                             aygif;zdYk qwm olwYkdbufuvnf;urf;                 xifxif&Sm;&Sm; uefYuGufwmawmh                           &mcdkifEIef; tEdkif&wJholeJY 49 &mcdkifEIef;   rSm pm;0wfaea&;ajyvnfzYkd? vlwpfv;               kH
rvkyfcsifawmhvdkY xGufoGm;wmawG              vSrf;wmrsKd; r&Sdygbl;/                           rawGU&bl;Asmh/ ajymif;r,fjyKr,f qdk                               k f h l S
                                                                                                                                                       om tEdi&wJormtukev;ujynfol       f kH          olwpfvHk;jzpfzdkY? a'owGif; EdkifiHawGeJY
vnf; &Sdygw,f/ wjcm; taMumif;jy              Venus ; ygwDukd pGecmoGm;wJoawG  Yf G     h l     wmudk jynfolYqE´ raumufcHbJeJY                          u ay;xm;wJry/ 'gayr,fh 51 &mcdif
                                                                                                                                                                       h J J                    k           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ,SO&if wu,fuvaerItqiftwef; kd l         h
csufr&SdbJeJY xGufoGm;wmawGvnf;                             f        kd f
                                             xJu vTwawmfu,pm;awGukd trwf                       jynfol wpfa,mufwavudkawmif                              EIef;&oGm;wJholu EdkifoGm;w,f/ wpf             jrifhwJh taetxm;rsKd; a&mufzdkYqdk&if
&Sdygw,f/ a'otvdkufvnf; &Sdyg                                    f
                                             tjzpfuae xkwy,fzYkd vTwawmfaumf       f           rajymbJeJY udk,fxif&mpdkif;oGm;wJh                      zufu 49 &mcdkifEIef;&wJholu ½HI;oGm;                             JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                      a&G;aumufyawGukd avhvmzdYk vw,f/            kd
w,f/ rEÅav;qdk&if oHk;OD;&Sdygw,f/                  fS
                                             r&Sirm wifjyr,fqwm bmaMumifh  kd                  twGufaMumifhrdkYvdkY uRefawmfwdk hygwD                  w,f/ wpfzufu 49 &mcdkifEIef; ay;               a&G;aumufyGJ tcsdeftcgrsdK;rS xNyD;
tJ'guawmh rMumao;bl;/ a&eH                         f S
                                             vkyrmvJ/                                          0ifawGu igwdYkygwDukd pkuefxuom;    H       G f G       xm;wJh jynfol&JUqE´udk xkwfazmfcGifh           awmh rJay;wmrsKd;xuf b,fygwDu
acsmif;u ESpfOD;? rdk;ukwfu atmufajc                                f kd f d
                                             UKMS ; 'gu ESpyi;&Sygw,f/ 'gu                        h
                                                                                               wJtwGuf ½Iwcsoifw,fqwtqdukd
                                                                                                                   f         h       kd hJ k           r&bl;/ tJ'DpepfBuD;u jynfoludk                 awmh b,fvdkvkyfaevJ? b,fygwDu
ygwD0if 50 avmufawmh xGufoGm;                rlt&yg 'Drluvnf; MopaMw;vsEdkifiH                 wifwmyg/ 'gygyJ/                                            d f
                                                                                                                                                       uk,pm;jyKrIusawmh wpfzufowfBuD;                awmh jynfolYtusKd;udk aqmif&Gufae
wm &Sdygw,f/ ygwDudkawmh bmrS                tygt0if wcsKdUEdkifiHBuD;awGrSm ygwD              Venus ; ygwDuae xGufNyD;awmh                            jzpfaew,f/ trsm;pkEdkifwJhaumifu               w,fqdkwmrsKd;udk BudKwifavhvmxm;
xdcup&m r&Sygbl;/ bmyJjzpfjzpfav
      kd f        d                          wpf&yfuae vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f                                     kd
                                                                                               wjcm; ygwDuvnf;rajymif;bJ oD;jcm;                                                kd f hJ
                                                                                                                                                       oGm;aygh/ tenf;pkEiwaumifu xdif           k    zdkY vdkygw,f/ jynfolawGrSm EdkifiHa&;
ygwDqdkwmuawmh t0iftxGuf &SdrSm              wpfa,mufu xGufoGm;NyD qdkvdkY&Sd&if                                     k f
                                                                                               &yfwnfaewJh ud,pm;vS,y*Kd¾ vfawG        f k                          kd
                                                                                                                                                       aeawmhqwmBuD;rjzpf&atmif jynfol                odw,f qdkwmuawmh &Sif;ygw,f/
yJav/                                        olYudk jynfolu tJ'DygwDuae rJay;                  a&m &Sdao;vm;/                                          u tvum;ae&if; rJay;NyD;awmh olY&UJ               k f H        k d
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ediia&;udoygw,f/ odwEiia&;udk    hJ kd f H
                          kd f
Venus ; acgif;aqmifyi;u ygwDuae              xm;wmudk av;pm;aomtm;jzifh ygwD                   UKMS ; avmavmq,f r&Sdao;yg                              udk,fpm;jyKrI r&bl;ayghAsm/ tJ'Dawmh           wu,ft&Sdw&m;jzpfoGm;atmif buf
xGufoGm;wJholawG&JU emrnf ajymjy             uae xGufwmeJY vTwfawmfudk,fpm;                    bl;/ wjcm;ygwDajymif;wmeJY ygwDopf                      tJvdkr[kwfbJeJY tcsKd;usudk,fpm;jyKrI          jzefYEizYkd? rQa0EdizYkd *sme,fawG? owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                kd f         k f
ay;yg/                                       vS,f &mxl;uaeEkwxuygw,f/ 'g  f G f                axmifwmyJ &Sdygw,f/ wpfckawmh                           (Proportional Representation Sys-                                      kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                      pmawG zwfzYkd vovd?k ygwDwpfccsif;pD           k
UKMS ; tckwpfavmrSm A[dktvkyf                EdkifiHwumrSm awmfawmfrsm;rsm; usifh              &Sdwmayghav? b,fygwDtvHrS rudkif                        tem)      tJ'gudk aumfr&Sifudk aemifvm         udkvnf; avhvmxm;zdkY vdkygw,f/
trIaqmif vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f                    k              D k f
                                             oH;ygw,f/ tJ'twdi;yJ uRefawmfwYkd                 bJeJY Mum;rSm&yfwnfaewJh udk,fpm;                       r,fa&G;aumufyrm usifo;zdYk wifxm;
                                                                                                                                                             h               JG S    h kH             rJay;cgeD;usrS [dkvlemrnfBuD;w,f?
awG x J u a'guf w m oef ; 0if ; ?                             f h
                                             u rlt& vkyoifygw,fvYkd aumfr&Sif                  vS,fawGusawmh omrefvTwfawmf                             wm &Sdygw,f/ vGwfvyfa&; &NyD;                  [dkygwD aumif;w,f? 'DygwD aumif;
                                f
OD;cifarmif0if;? omref vTwawmfu,f       kd   udkwifjyNyD;awmhum aemifvmr,fh[m                  udk,fpm;vS,f wpfa,mufaygh/ olY                                              hf kH
                                                                                                                                                       uwnf;u usio;vmwJa&G;aumufyJG   h               w,f qdkNyD; rJay;wmrsdK;uawmh rdrd&JU
pm;vS,fxJu a'gufwmjrwfÓPpdk;                 awG jzpfcJhvdkY&Sd&if 'Dvdkawmhjzifh roifh        tusKd; qufaqmif&GufwJhoabmaygh/                         pepf[m tcsKd;rnDbJeJY ygwDBuD;awGyJ            qHk;jzwfydkifcGifhudk rdrdwdkY aoaocsmcsm
            k       f
wdYkeYJ A[dtvkytrIaqmifxu r[kwf   J          awmfbl;? jynfoludk av;av;pm;pm;eJY                Mum;rSm&Saew,fqawmh wpfo;yk*v
                                                                                                            d           kd                  D ¾             f kd
                                                                                                                                                       tkyp;NyD; wpfyef;omNyD;awmh ygwDi,f            ravhvmbJeJY NyD;NyD;a&m tJ'DcgrsKd;usrS
wJh vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fawGxJu               qufqHzdkY vdkw,f/ jynfolYqE´udk                   jzpfoGm;awmh olwdkYu jynfolYtusKd;                      awG wpfoD;yk*¾vawG Edkifajc r&Sdbl;            xNyD; rJay;wmrsKd;u EdkifiHa&;oabm
         f h
OD;bke;jrifatmif? OD;ausmf? a':prf;prf;                           h l
                                             opömrazmufoifb;ayghAsm/ jynfoukd              l   twGuf qufaqmif&urmyJav/ ygwD    G f S                   aygh/ ygwDi,fawG wpfoD;yk*¾vawG                                l
                                                                                                                                                                                                      raqmifb;avAsm/ arQmfvifcsufBuD;eJY h
jrifh? OD;MunfjrifhwdkYuawmh ygwDxGuf                                 h
                                             tav;tjrwfjyKwJtaeeJY 'DygwDuae                    tay:rSm opömazmufw,f qdkwmu                             Edkifajc&Sd&if olwdkY&JU udk,fpm;jyKrIu        ay;wmxufpm&if avhvmNyD; ay;wm
wm MumygNyD/ aemufNyD; ygwD topf             a&G;xm;wJh ukd,fpm;vS,fu 'DygwD                   awmh rwlawmhbl;av/ rsm;aomtm;                           olwdkYvnf; &Edkifwmaygh/ tJ'Doabm              rsKd;udk jynfolawGodzdkYvdkygw,f/ tJ'D
axmifvdkufwJh OD;odef;ñGefYwdkYyJ &Sdyg      tvHudk rudkifawmhbl;? wjcm;ygwD                        h
                                                                                               jzifuawmh 'DavmufBuD;awmh cufcuf                                       kd f        f
                                                                                                                                                       ygyJ/ ygwDwi;u vTwawmfxJ a&muf                 twGuf jynfolawGrSm wm0ef&Sdovdk?
w,f/                                         tvHudk udkifr,fqdk&ifawmh udk,fpm;                cJcJraeMuygbl;Asm/ xGufw,f qdku                         oifhwmaygh/ wpfygwDwnf; BuD;pdk;ae                     f            k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ußGeawmfwYkd Ediia&;ygwDawGrmvnf;         S
                             YJ
Venus ; NLD ygwDea&m jyefaygif;              vS,f&mxl;yg wpfcgwnf; EkwfxGuf                    wnf;u ajymif;csifvdkY xGufwmaygh/                       r,fqdkvdkY&Sd&if 'Drdkua&pD tmPm&Sif           wm0ef&Sdygw,f/ NGO toif;tzGJU
pnf;rSmvm;/                                  oGm;zdkYvdkygw,fqdkwm aumfr&Sifudk                Venus ; ygwDtaeeJY a&SUavSsmufvyf                   k   pepf jzpfoGm;rSmaygh/ tJ'gaMumifhrdkY          awGrSmvnf; wm0ef&Sdygw,f/ tpdk;&
UKMS ; NLD aygif;pnf;zdkYuawmh               wifjywmyg/ tvm;wljzpf&yfrsKd; jzpf                           G                f
                                                                                               aqmifom;r,fh vkyief;pOfav;udk od&                                                    k f
                                                                                                                                                       uRefawmfwYkd tcsKd;usud,pm;jyKrIpepf           rSmvnf; wm0ef&Sdygw,f/ jynfolawG
uRefawmfoyrjrifb;Asmh/ bmvdYk vqkd
              d f       l               J    vm&if uefYuGufwJhoabmyg/ 'Dvdk                    rvm;/                                                   u ydkNyD;xda&mufw,fxifvdkY ,lqvdkY             [m EdkifiHa&;udk odayr,fvdkY EdkifiHa&;
olwdkYu aygif;pnf;EdkifwJh taetxm;           jzpf&yfrsKd;awGudk uefYuGufygw,faygh?             UKMS ; od&ygw,f/ uRefawmfwYkd u                         wifoGm;rSmyg/                                  tod&Sd&SdeJY 'Drdkua&pDacwfudk oGm;r,f
rSm r&Sygbl;/ olwYkd u wpfa,mufcsif;
          d                                  'DxGufNyD;om;vlawGudk uefYuGufwJh                 aumfrwDudk wdk;csJUzdkY&mudk vkyfoGm;NyD;               Venus ; ygwDtaeeJY bmrsm;jznfh                 qdk&if vltkyfBuD;ajy;wmrsKd;r[kwfbJ
vmNyD;avSsmufvTmwif&r,fqdkwJhtcg             oabm rygygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkYu                      awmhum wu,f xdxda&mufa&muf                              pGuf ajymcsifygao;vJ/                          pepfwuseJY wef;pDNyD; avhvmNyD; oGm;
uRefawmfwdkYvdk ygwDaxmifxm;wJhol            rlt&aqmif&Gufwmyg/ Mum;jzwf a&G;                  aqmif&GufoGm;zdk h tpDtpOf&Sdygw,f/                     UKMS ; vGwfvyfa&; &NyD;awmh                    wmrsKd;u ydkaumif;wmayghAsm/ tJvdk
awGu zsufNyD;awmh bmaMumifom;NyD;   h G      aumufyGJrSm wpfae&mrS r&vdkufbl;/                 ygwDrSmaumfrwDudkvnf; wdk;csJUr,f                       jynfolawGu q,fpkESpfaygif;rsm;pGm              rsKd; usifhoHk;EdkifzdkYvdkygw,fvdk hajymcsif
avQmufvTmwif&rSmvJ/ tJvdkrsdK;rS             'Dvdk tcuftcJjzpfaewJhtcsdefrsKd;rSm              vlOD;a&udkvnf; wdk;csJUr,f/ aemufNyD;                   &ydkifcGifhawG? vlYtcGifhta&;awG? EdkifiH      ygw,f/
vufcHr,f qdkwmudk;/ ygwDzsufNyD;             ygwDtay:rSm opömazmufNyD;awmh                     awmh uRefawmfwdkY wifxm;wmvnf;                          om; tcGifhta&;awG? vlrsKd;pk tcGifh                                            atmifolrsKd;0if;
   20               Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                                 LIFE STORY
                                                                                                                                      v,fvkyfzdkY tpdk;&uawmh av;odef;                             k
                                                                                                                                                                                               xdy&[dw pmoifausmif;uav;


zl;yGifUapaom O,smOfrSL;                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                      xkwacs;w,f/ pyg;aps;xGuvmNyDqkd f
                                                                                                                                      awmh tpdk;&udkta<u;qyfNyD; usefwm
                                                                                                                                      udk tdrfpm;zdkY csefxm;&wmaygh/ 'DESpf
                                                                                                                                      awmh pyg;txGufenf;vdkY tjyifu
                                                                                                                                      0,fpm;&rSm ydkusyfwnf;vmw,f}} [k
                                                                                                                                                                                       odkY aEG&moDausmif;ydwf&ufrsm;wGif
                                                                                                                                                                                       tcrJh t*FvdyfpmESifhocFsm vma&muf
                                                                                                                                                                                       oifMum;ay;MuaomtzGJUrsm; a&muf&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                       vmwwfygonf/ xdkodkYaomtzGJUrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                       a&muf&Sd vmMuaomtcg
cifESif;Munfom                                                                                                                        q&mrav;a':at;at;oif;u nnf;
                                                                                                                                      nLavonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                               ]]'DtzGUJ av;awG a&mufvmNyDq&if
                                                                                                                                                                                       ae&muawmh qif;&Jw,f/ 'gayr,fh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 kd

             0ifvdkufonfESifh ½GHUAGufrsm;uqD;BudKMuavonf/ wpfnvHk;½Gmxm;onfhrdk;u pmoifausmif;av;odkY                                        ]]usL&Sifoifw,fom ajymw,f                pm;p&meJY vufaqmifypönf;awGu
 vrf;xJodkh  oGm;&mvrf;wpfavQmufvHk;udk tawmfEypufxm;avNyD/ ]] vrf;[kac:onf}} [kqdkif;bkwfwyfxm;&
                                                    dS f                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                      ud,roifvnf; uav;awGu vmMu                                      H          J
                                                                                                                                                                                       awmhtvQty,fy/ [if;qd&ifwpftrf    k           d
       k kG f l l
awmhrvd/ xdAuxxvrf;rBuD;tqH;k rSmawmh þ&yfuuav;ESi&mrsm; tm;xm;ae&aom bke;f awmfBuD;oifynma&;ausmif;/
                                               G f       hf G                                                                         wmyJ/ olwdkYav;awG (uav;awG)u                    wpfcGuf vmydkYMuwmyJ/ tjyefus&if
                                                                                                                                      pmodyfvdkcsifMuw,f/ olwdkY tm;NyD?                             G f D H
                                                                                                                                                                                       vnf;NcHxuo;ESav;awG vufaqmif
                                                                                                                                      tcsdef&NyD qdkwmeJY tdrfvmNyD; pmvm              vmydYkMuw,f}} [kq&mrav;u &Gm\
                                                                                                                                      usufMuawmhwmyJ}} [k q&mrav;                      "avhudk &Sif;jyonf/
                                                                                                                                      rsm;u qdkMuonf/                                          y&[dw pmoifausmif;uav;
                                                                                                                                              y&[dw pmoifausmif;rsm;jzpf               wGif q,fwef;atmifNyD;p q&mrav;
                                                                                                                                      aom bkef;awmfBuD;oif ynma&;                                                 H
                                                                                                                                                                                       rsm;omruyJ &Hzef&cgNrdKUBuD;jyBuD;rsm;
                                                                                                                                      ausmif;rsm;wGif ynmoifMum;aeMu                   rSy&[dwq&mrav;rsm; vma&muf
                                                                                                                                      aom uav;i,frsm;onf csKdUwJhEGrf;                 pmoifay;Muavonf/ yef;O,smOfBuD;
                                                                                                                                      yg;olrsm;omydkrsm;avonf/ xdYkaMumifh             wpfckvSy&ef O,smOfrSL;aumif;rsm;pGm
                                                                                                                                      uav;i,frsm;tm; jyifytvSL&Sifrsm;                 vdktyfavonf/
                                                                                                                                                               S
                                                                                                                                      omru q&mawmfEihf q&mrrsm;uyg                             rdk;a&pufwdkYaMumifh vrf;rsm;wGif
                                                                                                                                      0dkif;0ef;ulnDMu&avonf/                          AGufrsm;jzpfaeaomfvnf; yef;rsm;yGifh
                                                                                                                                              ]]'Dausmif;rSm pmoifwmygrubl;/           MuavNyD/ ausmif;tusÐ tEGr;av;rsm;    f
                                                                                                                                                       kd d f
                                                                                                                                      reufjzefqtru xrif;bl;xnfvm/   l       h          0wfqifxm;Muaomfvnf; uav;i,f
                                                                                                                                      aeYcif;qdk&if uav;awGvnf; xrif;                      kf            fS         f
                                                                                                                                                                                       wdi;\rsuEmrsm; &TiysaeMuavonf/
                                                                                                                                      csKdifhzGifh? uddk,fvnf; xrif;csKdifhzGifhNyD;   aEG;axG;aom O,smOfrSL;rsm;u vnf;
                                                                                                                                                    hf
                                                                                                                                      xrif;csKdirygwJh uav;awGukd xrif;                xd k y ef ; uav;rsm;ud k vS y ap&ef
                                                                                                                                      vdkufcGHU&wmyJ}}                                 MudK;pm;tm;xkwf Murnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                              ]]vukefvdkY vcxkwf&ifvnf; pm                     ]]yef;uav;rsm; yGifhawmhrnf zl;
                                                                                                                                      tkyfcJwH0,fNyD; ay;&w,f/ 'Dausmif;               wH 0ifhvdkYcsD? aejcnfrSm a&T&nfavmif;
                                                                                                                                      uatmifNyD; ausmif;qufwufaewJh                    igwdYkpmoifausmif;}} [laomuav;i,f
                                                                                                                                                           kd
                                                                                                                                      uav; awGuvnf; axmufy&w,f/         hH                                   H
                                                                                                                                                                                       wdYk\pmtefou {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD;   kd f
                                                                                                                                      uav; awGu t&rf;csKdUwJhMuayr,fh                                       k f
                                                                                                                                                                                       zsmyHNk rdKUe,fbe;awmfBuD;oif ynma&;
                                                                                                                                      pmoifcsifMuw,f}} [k pmoifaeMu                    ausmif;av;xHrS vGifhysHvmygawmh
                               kd
         pmoifausmif;[kqaomfvnf; xdk                  a,mufjzifh oifMum;ay;aeaomf vnf;         BuD;&r,frxifygeJY/ b,ftwef;jzpf        aomuav;i,f r sm;ud k M unf h í qd k              onf/
                                                                                                                                      onf/                                                                            cifESif;Munfom
ausmif;uav;onf tcef;wpfcrQomjzpf          k              k
                                                      xdq&mrav;wdkYtm; vcyHreray;EdifkSf   k   jzpfuav;wpfa,muf wpfaxmifyJ/
                          f
onf/ tcef;cyfus,us,wpfcxwif       f         k J G     ay/ ausmif;tjzLtpdrf;udkyif eyfrSef      uRefrqDrSm usL&SifwufwJhuav;u
ausmufoifykef;ESifh pmoifckHrsm;udk ae                                 kd
                                                      atmifr0wfEiMf uaom uav;i,frsm;                                d
                                                                                               ta,muf 90 eD;yg;&Sw,f/ ta,muf
&mav;rsm;owfrSwfum cGJxm;;vdkuf                       \rdbwdkYonfvnf; ta&miftqif;              90 vHk; vpOf&r,fqdk&ifawmh tqif
½Hjk zifh twef;wpfwef;jzpfom;avonf/ G                 cyfrGJrGJ/                               ajy wmaygh/ 10 a,muf 15 a,muf
                      f
uav;rsm;twGuawmhtawmftqifajy                                ]]uRefrwdkYq&mrawG 'DrSmpmoif      avmufyJ yHkrSefay;Edkifwmyg/ usefwJh
onf/ q&mrrsm; ausmif;aemufusNyD                       Muayr,fh vukef&ifvc&zdkYu rao            uav;awGuawmh 'DvdkygyJ}} [k q&m
      k        k
qdvQif xdausmif;av;xJwif abmvH;       G           k   csmbl;/ q&mawmfuvnf; uRefrwdkY           rav;u&Sif;jyonf/
uefMu? pdefajy;wrf;upm;Muawmh                         udk vcay;EdkifzdkY&SmazGMuHaqmifaewm          ynma&;wGif 0ifaiGtm;enf;csuf
onf/ pmar;yGJBuD;atmifvdkY twef;                      awGodaewmyJ/ &Gmuvnf; vSLcsif            aMumifh ay:aygufvmcJhaom usL&Sif
                            kd
wpfwef;BuD;oGm;NyDqvQifvnf; vG,f                                h
                                                      ayr,frvSLEdiMf ubl;/ tm;vH;u ud,fh
                                                                     k                k  k             kd
                                                                                               pepfq;BuD;onf ajyvnfaomuav;
tdwfqGJNyD; ab;a&TUxdkifvdkuf½Hkomjzpf                bmomudk,f&yfwnfzdkYawmif renf;           rsm;tzdkY ynmoifMum;a&;wGif xyfrH
onf/                                                  ½kef;uefaeMu&wm}} [k q&mrav;                        h G hf
                                                                                               tm;jznfci&aom ae&mwpfcjk zpf aomf
         rlvwef;rS t|rwef;txd uav;                    rsm; uqdkonf/                                              f
                                                                                               vnf; usywnf;olwYkdtm; touf½SL
aygif; 100ausmf pmoifMum;aeaom                              q&mrav;rsm;onf ausmif;vc           &yfaponf/ odrfi,fpdwfwdkY 0ifap
xdkbkef;BuD;ausmif;\ tcuftcJrsm;                      wpfckwnf;ESifh&yfwnfzdkY tqifrajy        onf/
onf a&wGufíyif &rnfrxif/ xkd                          MuaomaMumifh ausmif;csdefjyifywGif            ]]ausmif;u&wJhvc&,f usL&Sif
tcuftcJrsm;Mum;wGif emoH;emud&if        k      k                             f
                                                      uav;rsm;udk usL&SioifMuavonf/            c&wJh aiG&,feJY tdrfudkaxmufyHhae&     y&[dwpmoifausmif;av;rsm;wGif q,fqef;atmifNyD;p q&m;rav;omrubJ &Hzef&Hcg
0,fydkufí yn,oifMum;ay;aeaom                                ]]uav;awGukd usL&Siay;w,fqkd
                                                                                   f           wmyJ/ bdk;bGm;ydkifv,f{uav;q,f                          NrdKUBuD;rsm;rS y&[dwq&mrav;rsm; vma&mufpmoifMuavonf/
q&mrav;rsm;\ MudK;pm;tm;xkwfrI                        vdkYNrdKUBuD;awGrSmvkd ydkufqHawGtrsm;   awmh&Sdw,fav/ oD;pm;csxm;w,f/                    yef;O,smOfBuD;wpfckvHk; vSy&ef O,smOfrSL;aumif;rsm;pGm vdktyfavonf/
onfvnf; yg0ifjyefonf/
         ]]'Dausmif;rSm q&mrvkyfae wm
av;ESpfavmuf&SdNyD/ bGJU&NyD;uwnf;
                        f k f
uyJ/ tjyiftvkyvyzYkd pOf;pm;ao;
w,f/ q&mawmfu tjyiftvkyfr&
ao;cif 'DrSmpmuloifay;ygqdkvdkY pm
oif&if; rxGufjzpfawmhwm}} [k xkd
b.u pmoifausmif;wGif wpfvusyf
30000 jzifh wynfhrsm;tm; ynmoif
Mum;ay;aeaom q&mrav;a':at;
at;oif;u qdkonf/
         xkdpmoifausmif; uav;wGif u
av;i,f 100 ausmftm;q&mr av;
PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                            Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       21


owif;orm;wpfOD;&JY pdwf"mwf . . . . .
wl;wl;om
          acgif;pOfuawGUvduwmeJY owif;orm;qdwm trSeukd ajym&J&r,f? a&;&J&r,f? bufrvdu&bl; pwJh tajccHoabm
                    kd    k f               k      f                                k f                                                                 wmuawmh olYtxufu t,f'wmu                             D            ygbl;/
  'D      w&m;awGudk ajymawmhr,fvdkY rxifygeJY/                                                                                                         jcpm;vdkY? bufvdkufvdkYygwJh/                                            txufrSmajymcJhovdk vpmtjyif
                                                                                                                                                                    b,fvdkjcpm;wmvJqdkawmh t,f                            owif;wpfyk'fcsif;pDtwGuf pmrlcay;
         'gawGudk uRefrwdkYa&SUu q&mh                                                                                                                   'Dwmu owif;axmufa&;wJh owif;                                      wJh wdkufrsKd;rSmvkyfwJh t,f'DwmawG
q&mBuD;awGvnf; ajymcJhzl;om; jzpf                                                                                                                       awGudk taMumif;jycsufr&Sdy,fNyD; ol                               ydkNyD;owdxm;oifhygw,f/ owif;udk
ovkd? uRefrwdkYeJYacwfNydKif owif;                                                                                                                             k f dk
                                                                                                                                                        ud,wif emrnftrsKd;rsKd;eJY a&;xm;wJh                              rMunfhbJ owif;axmuf rsufESmudk
orm;awG? uRefrwdkYeJY acwfrNydKifh                                                                                                                      owif;awGudkoHk;w,f? oleJY tvsOf;                                  MunfhwJh t,f'Dwm[m b,fawmhrS
wNydKifeJY uRefrwdkY aemufuae tifeJY                                                                                                                    oifhwJh owif;axmufawG&JU owif;                                    t,f'Dwmaumif;wpfa,muf rjzpfEkdif
                    k f
tm;eJY vduvmolawG? uRerwkYdaemuf                 f                                                                                                      udk oHk;w,f? olMunfhr&wJh owif;                                   ygbl;/
uayr,fh uRefrwdkYudk ausmfjzwfwuf                                                                                                                       axmuf&UJ owif;awGukd acsmifx;xm;                       dk                       D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 t,f'wmbufu owif;axmuf
oGm;wJh owif;orm;awGtm;vH; odNyD;                         k                                                                                             w,f qdkwJhtaMumif; olu ajymjy                                     &JU rsufESmudk rMunfhbJ owif;&JU
om;awGcsn;yg/ oifwef;awG? ausmif;
                        f                                                                                                                               w,f/ wcsKdU*sme,fwdkufawGu vpm                                    rsufESmudkyJ MunfhNyD; taumif;qHk;
awGu oifay;vduNf yD;jzpfovdk pmtkyf
                             k                                                                                                                          tjyif owif;wpfyk'fcsif;pDtwGuf                                    zefwD;r,fqdk&if owif;axmufawG
              J S
awGx&mzwf&ifvnf;awGUEkiygw,f/                      d f                                                                                                  pmrlcay;wwfwJhtwGuf 'DvdkudpörsKd;                                                      D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          bufuvnf; t,f'wm tBuHay;wm
         uRefrwdkY q&mhq&mBuD;awG ajym                                                                                                                  awG jzpfwwfygw,f/                                                 udk tjypfwifwm? &pfwm? qlwmvdkY
  h l
cJz;wJh owif;orm;wpfa,muf &Soifh                              d                                                                                                     owif;orm;wpfa,muf&JU pdwf                             jrifawmhrSm r[kwfygbl;/
  d                            h
&Styfw?hJ xm;oifxm;tyfwhJ pdw"mwf                           f                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                                                        "mwfvYkd qd&mrSm uRefruawmh t"du                                         b,fowif;axmufudkrqdk wwf
    k hJ
qdwtxJrm [Hom0wDowif;pmq&m
                      S                                                                                                                                 t,f'DwmawGxm;oifhwJh pdwf"mwfudk                                  Ekdifoavmuf ulnDay;&rSm t,f'Dwm
BuD; OD;0if;wifajymwJh ]tajccH½;om;rI                  kd                                                                                               t&if ajymcsifygw,f/ bmaMumifhvJ                                   &JU wm0efyg/ aemufNyD; owif;axmuf
&SdrS owif;orm;aumif;wpfa,muf                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                        qdawmh ukeMf urf;tqifuae ukeacsm        h                   f     qdkwm pma&;q&m r[kwfygbl;/ pm
yDor,f} qdkwJh tcsufudkawmh uRefr                                                                                                                       jzpfatmif emrnfr&bJ jyKjyifyuiay;               hJ kd f           ra&;wwfwmeJY owif;axmufudk
taeeJY tBudKufq;? oabmtawGUqH;   kH                               k                                                                                     &wJh t,f'Dwmpdwfrxm;wwf&if cke                                    txifrao;&ygbl;/ owif;udk ½l;oGyf
ygyJ/ uRefrajymcsifwmuvnf; tJ'D                                                                                                                         tay:u uRefrajymcJhwJh jyóem awG                                   ayr,fh jrefrmpmukd aumif;aumif;
tcsufeJY qufET,faeygvdrfhr,f/                                                                                                                           wef;pDwufukefrSmrdkYvdkYygyJ/                                     ruRrf ; usif w J h owif ; axmuf a wG
         owif;orm;vdkY qdkvdkuf&mrSm                                                                                                                                t"du t,f'Dwmaumif; wpf                                                d          D kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          trsm;BuD;&Sygw,f/ tJ'vrsKd; owif;
ajy;ajy;vTm;vTm; owif;vduf owif;               k                                                                                                        a,mufjzpfzdkY pdwfaumif; &Sd&ygr,f/                               axmufawGudk t,f'Dwmu tjypf
a&;om;wJh owif;axmufawGudkyJ                                                                                                                            pdwfaumif;&Sd&r,f qdkwmu t&yf                                     rwif&bl;? apwempdwfeJY jyKjyifay;
rqdkvdkygbl;/ owif;cef;rSm owif;                                      bl;/ owif;axmufawGudk trSm;              aocsmygw,f/                              pum;eJY em;vnfvG,fatmif ajymwm                                                      h      k f       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          &rSmyg/ ruJ&UJ &bl;? ud,csif;pmpdweYJ
wpfyk'ftwGuf wm0ef&SdwJh owif;                                        t,Gi; enf;EkiorQenf;atmif tvkyf
                                                                             f        d f                            uRefr ajymcsifwJh owif;orm;        yg/ qdkvdkwmuawmh &ifhusufrI &Sd&yg                               aemufrrSm;atmif tBuHay;&rSmyg/
axmuf? t,f'Dwm? aumfyDt,f'Dwm                                         vkyfapcsifvdkY wrif rcHcsifpdwf0if       pdwf"mwfqdkwm tckrS prSmyg/              r,f/                                                              'grSyJ owif;axmufaumif;awG rqHk;
tm;vHk;udk qdkvdkygw,f/                                               atmif ajymwmvdkYyJ ,lqygw,f/                   vGefcJhwJh wpf&ufESpf&ufavmuf                  &ifhusufzdkY qdkwmu ajym&wm                           ½IH;rSmyg/ owif;axmufwpfa,muf
         uRefr&JU tawGUtBuHKt& owif;                                                                  h
                                                                            'gayr,fh tawGUtBuHK r&ifusuf       u &efukeftajcpdkuf *sme,fBuD; wpf        vG,fayr,fh wu,fhwu,f &ifhusuf                                     owif;avmuudk pdwfukefoGm;atmif
                  S
cef;awGrm owif;axmufawGeYJ t,f'D                                      ao;wJh owif;axmufawGusawmh                        S
                                                                                                               apmifrm owif;axmufvyaewJh nDr k f        zdYk awmfawmfav;cufygw,f/ owif;                                   t,f'Dwmu rvkyfoifhygbl;/
wmawG&JU y#dyu© awmfawmfBuD;wm                                        tJ'Dvkd rcH,lEkdifbJ t,f'Dwmqdkwm        i,f wpfa,muf&JU Gtalk Status rSm         axmufwpfa,mufa&;xm;wJh owif;                                             owif;axmufawG owif;ra&;
BuHKzl;ygw,f/ pdwysufp&m taumif;       f                              igwdYk owif;axmufawGavmuftvkyf           wifxm;wmwpfck awGUvdkuf&awmh             wpfyk'fudk ola&;xm;wJhtwkdif;r[kwf                                wwfwJhtwGuf t,f'DwmawG yifyef;
     k
qH;uawmh wpfO;eJYwpfO;tjyeftvSef
                           D             D                            rvkyfbJ igwkdYudk vlay:vlaZmf vkyfae     uRefr rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;w,f/ olY pm        bJ <uwufvmatmif vkyfay;&rSm?                                      ygw,f/ tJ'Dvdkyifyef;&rSmudku t,f
av;pm;rIr&SdwJh udpöygyJ/                                             wmvdkY xifwwfMuw,f/ wcsKdUqdk            om;udk twdtusrrSwrayr,fh qdvkd
                                                                                                                                         f d     k      qGJaqmifrI&SdwJhacgif;pOf wyfay;&rSm?                             'Dwmhwm0ef jzpfygw,f/ trSm;rSm;
         owif;axmufuvnf; t,f'D                                        t,f'Dwmqdkwm pmawmif a&;wwf              csifwmuawmh wpfae&m&mursm;               owif;aumif;&if aumif;ovdk av;                                     t,Gif;,Gif;? txufatmuf ajymif;
wmqdwm bmpmrS a&;wwfwmr[kwf
          k                                                                      f l
                                                                      wmr[kwb;vdYk xifwowif;axmuf
                                                                                                hJ             vufeufawGbmawG&cJh&if t,f'Dwm            atmuf'DZkdif; aumif;aumif;eJY zwfwJh                              jyef? owif; Lead wif&rSmudk atmufyYkd?
bl;? olwdkY yifyifyef;yef; vdkufxm;?                                  awG uRefrBuHKzl;ygw,f/                   awGudk owfcsifw,fqdkwJh t"dyÜm,f         olawGudk qGJaqmif&rSmu t,f'Dwm                                    owif;½Iaxmifh tvGJvGJtacsmfacsmfeJY
a&;xm; &wmawGudk [dkckwf 'Djzwf                                             'Dae&mrSm pum;BuHKvdkY ajym&&if    rsKd;yg/                                 wm0efyg/ 'gayr,fh 'Dowif;aMumifh                                  a&;xm;wJh owif;wpfyk'f? aqmif;yg;
avmufyJ vkyfwwfwmvdkY xifwwf                                          owif;axmufvkyfouf &ifhvm&if                    tJ'gudk zwfNyD; &,fvnf;&,fcsi?f    emrnf&wmuawmh owif;axmufyg/                                               k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          wpfy'[m wpfcgwavrSm wu,fukd
ovdk t,f'Dwm qdkolawGuvnf;                                            t,f'Dwmjzpfw,f qdkwJh b,fol              ausmvnf; rvHk jzpfoGm;wmaMumifh          tJ'DrSm owif;axmufu ]iga&;wJh                                     vlawGodoifhwJh owif;wpfyk'f? vl
owif;axmufqdkwm igwdkY vuf                                            pvdkufrSef; rodwJh tpGJwpfckudk uRefr    olYudkvSrf;ar;Munfhawmh oluw&pyf         owif; emrnfBuD;NyDuG} qdkNyD; vufr                                pdwf0ifpm;r,fh aqmif;yg;wpfyk'f jzpf
atmufu? igwkYdo;rS olwYkdowif;awG   kH                                wdkY jrefrmEkdifiHu owif;cef;awGrSm      yJ olYt,f'wmawG b,fv&pfaMumif;?
                                                                                                                            D                 kd        axmifEkdifygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk owif;                                    csif jzpfaewwfygw,f/ 'Dowif;rsKd;?
azmfjycH&wmqdkwmrsKd; wvGJawGxif                                      usifhoHk;aeMuwm em;rvnfEkdifatmif        b,fvdk jyóem&SmaMumif;? tjypfr&Sd        axmufrsKd;udk t,f'DwmvkyfwJholu                                   aqmif;yg;rsKd;udk trIdufyHk;xJrxnfhbJ
aewm awGU&ygw,f/ tJ'vkd wvGawG             D                    J     ygyJ/ wu,fqdk owif;axmufu                tjypf&SmaewmvdkY xifwJhtaMumif;                  d           d f
                                                                                                                                                        rk'wmyGm;EkizYkd awmfawmfcufwtvkyf                hJ              udk,fh&JU twwfynmeJY vSvSyyjzpf
xifae&wJhtaMumif;&if;uawmh pdwf                                       owif;axmufoyfoyf? t,f'Dwmu               ajymjyygw,f/ uRefr olYudk b,fvdkrS                                 h k d
                                                                                                                                                        yg/ 'gayr,fr'wmyGm;udym;&ygr,f/           k G                     atmif wnf;jzwf? jyefa&; vkyfNyD;oGm;
tcH r&ifhusufwm&,f? wvGJ vrf;                                         t,f'Dwmoyfoyf olY[meJYol rwlwJh          ESpfodrfhMunfhvdkY r&ygbl;/ rwwfom                             f           k f
                                                                                                                                                                    ]ig vkyay;vduwmudk olu rmef                           &if b,favmufyJ yifyef;ayr,fh aysmf
ñTefcHcJh&wmudk avSeH"m;xpf ,lq                                       tvkyfESpfckyg/ 'g[m ukrÜPD0efxrf;        vdkYom 'Dt,f'DwmawGeJY qufqHae&          wufaeao;w,f} qkwhJ pdwrsKd;rxm;       d       f                   &w,f? MunfEl;&w,fqdkwm t,f'D
vdkufMuwm&,faMumifhvdkY uRefrawmh                                     awGvdk vkyfouf&ifhvmvdkY pma&;           wm qdkwJhyHkpHrsKd;ajymwJhtwGuf uRefr    bJ udk,fcsufvdkufwJh [if;wpftdk;udk                               wmaumif;wkdif; odMuygw,f/
jrifygw,f/                                                            &mxl;uae refae*sm&mxl; wdk;w,f           pdwfraumif; jzpfoGm;rdw,f/               b,folcsufrSef;rodbJ t&om&SdvGef;                                         xyfajym&&if 'Dowif;vlzwfrsm;
         uRefr t,f'Dwmaygufp b0u                                      qdkwmrsKd; r[kwfygbl;/                         aemufwpfcg oli,fcsif; t,f'D        vdkY qdkNyD; tm;yg;w&pm;aewJh olawG                               awmh a&;wJhowif;axmufyJ emrnf&
(tckvnf; 0g&ifhNyDvdkY rqdkvdkygbl;/                                        owif;vdkuf&wm? owif;a&;&           wm wcsKdUeJY pum;pyfrdvdkY olwdkYudkif   udk MunfhNyD; MunfEl;ovdkudk MunfEl;                              wmyg/ 'gayr,fh 'Dowif; rSm;NyD? 'D
vkyoufenf;enf;&vmvdYk jrif&awGU&
       f                                                              wmrSmaysmfarGUwJowcsKdU[m aoonf
                                                                                           h l                 aewJh *sme,fawGtaMumif; ar;Munfh?        Ekdif&ygr,f/                                                      aqmif;yg; vGJNyD qdk&ifawmh t&ifqHk;
wmawG ydkrsm;vmwmawGudk jyefrQwJh                                                         k f
                                                                      txd owif;vdu&if;? owif;a&;&if;           jref;MunfhwJhtcsdefrSm owif;axmuf                                        k
                                                                                                                                                                    aemufwpfcuawmh ig t,f'wm                          D   wm0efcH&rSm t,f'Dwmyg/
oabmyg) &ufwdk owif;tajccH                                            b0udk ukefqHk;cJhMuwmyg/ tJ'DvdkyJ       awG b,fvdktoHk;rusaMumif;? pm            qdkwJhpdwfeJY udk,feJY tvsOf;oifhwJh                                          D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tJ'awmh owif;axmufawGbuf
oifwef;av;awGwuf&wki; oifwef;                d f                      t,f'Dwm qdkwmuvnf; owif;                 ra&;wwfaMumif;? bmrS A[kokwr&Sd          owif;axmufa&;wJh owif;us azmf                                     uvnf; t,f'Dwmqdkwm trSm;&SmwJh
q&mawG u owif ; axmuf q d k w m                                       axmufuae &mxl;wdk;vmwmcsnf;              aMumif; tjypfwif nnf;nLwmawG             jy? udk,fMunfhr&wJh owif;axmuf                                    olBuD;? tjypfwifr,fholBuD;vdkY rjrif
t,f'Dwmxuf tvkyfydkvkyf&w,f?                                          r[kwfbJ pdwf"mwfeJY 0goemt&if;cH         Mum;&jyefygw,f/                          a&;wJhpmudk acsmifxkd;xm; qdkwmrsKd;                              bJ igwdkYrSm;orQ wm0efcH&r,fhol?
            D
t,f'wmqdwmu owif;axmuf &Sm
                         k                                                     h
                                                                      aMumifom t,f'wmtvkyukd vkyEif
                                                                                              D    f    f dk         'gwif ruygbl; odyfrMumao;                    f d           k
                                                                                                                                                        vkyrr,f qd&ifawmh 'g[m jypfrusL;                          I       acgif;usdef;r,fholqdkwJh pdwfuav;
vmorQowif;awGudk tjypf&SmzdkY xkdif                                   Muwmyg/ t,f'wmeJY owif;axmuf
                                                                                            D                  cifu jrefrmjynfu owif;axmuf                        f
                                                                                                                                                        vGewmyJvYdk ukd av;av;eufeuf ajym                                 tjyeftvSef xm;ay;r,fqdk&if aysmf
apmifhaewJholawG qdkwJh t"dyÜm,frsKd;                                 nDnDñGwfñGwfeJY b,folYb,folrS            wpf a ,muf e J Y pum;ajymjzpf a wmh      yg&ap/ 'DvdktvkyfrsdK;udk b,f t,f'D                                                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          p&maumif;wJowif;cef;awGukd zefw;     D
oufa&mufwhJ pum;rsKd;awGeYJ oifwm                                     omw,f e mw,f oabmrxm;bJ                  olu emrnfBuD;*sme,fBuD;wpfapmif          wmrS rvkyfoifhygbl;/ t,f'Dwm                                      EkdifrSmjzpfygw,f/
BuHK&zl;ygw,f/                                                          k hf
                                                                      ud,wm0efuu,f apwemygyg vkyf
                                                                                       kd kd                   uae tvkyfxGufvdkufw,fvdkY ajym           qdkwm ausmif;q&mvdkyJ ausmom;&if                                         owif;axmufeJY t,f'Dwmqdk
         uRefrtjrifuawmh q&mawGu                                      r,fqdk&ifawmh tJ'Dowif;pm? tJ'D          jyw,f/ tJ'Dawmh uRefruvnf;               om; rcGJjcm;&ygbl;/ 'gayr,fh q&m                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          wm aMumifeYJ <uuf r[kwygbl;? urÇmh
owif;axmufeJY t,f'DwmMum; &ef                                         *sme,fu wu,fudk atmifjrifwJh             owif;orm;yDyD bmvdkY tvkyfxGuf           arG;? wynfharG;wJh tvkyfudk owif;                                 &efolawGvnf; r[kwfygbl;? owif;
wkdufay;csifwJh qE´eJYajymwm r[kwf                                    owif;pm? *sme,fjzpfvmr,fqdkwm            wmvJ qdkwmudk pyfpkygw,f/ olajym         axmufa&m t,f'Dwmyg rvkyfoifh                                                                 Page-24
22           Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                        ENTERTAINMENT
                                            atmifjrifrIqdkwJU tEkynmyef;wkdifBuD;&JYatmufrSm BudK;pm;½kef;uefaeMuwJU wufopfptEkynm&Sifav;awG trsm;BuD;
                                               ay:xGufvmcJUw,f/ tJ'DtEkynm&SifawGxJurS rdrdo½kyfaqmifrIwkdif;rSm y&dowfudk b0&JY 'óeawGay;csifwJU
                                                   armf',frif;orD;acsmav; csrf;rDrDudk yJ jzpfygw,f/ olr[m y&dowfeJh tNrJwrf;xdawGY &if;ESD;csifygw,fvdkh
                                                                qdkvmjyefygao;w,f? 'gaMumifU y&dowfBuD;vnf; olreJh&if;ESD;atmif rdwfqufay;vkdufygw,f/
                                                                               drS
                                                 tEkynmqdkwm pnf;pnf;vHk;vHk;&S
                                                                                 ;
                                                       mifjrifr,fvdkh qdkvmolav
                                                    at
                                                                                                           csrf;rDrDukd                                      Hip Hop avmu'Dtwkdif;oGm;&if
                                                                                                                                                                                   ½dk;rSmyJvkdh ajymvmwJU &Jav;
                                                                                                                                                                      taz 6 em&Dqkdjyefvmay;ygqkdwJh oDcsif;av;[m y&dowf&JU
                                                                                                                                                            yg;pyfzsm;wGifomru vl&TifawmfawG&JU jyufvHk;xkwfp&m oDcsif;
                                                                                                                                                            av;wpfyk'ftjzpf ausmfMum;cJhzl;ygw,f/ 'DoDcsif;&JU tqkd&Sif
                                                                                                                                                            &Jav;wpfa,muf y&dowftwGuf a&SUqufNyD; bmawGvy&m;oGm;                                I f S
                                                                                                                                                                          d                               kH Id J
                                                                                                                                                            rvJvYdk ocsifwmaMumifh y&[dw&efyaiG½;yGav;rSm &Jav;eJYawGUqHk
                                                                                                                                                            cJhygao;w,f/
                                                                                                                                                            &Jav;tckwpfavm b,faysmufaewmvJ/
                                                                                                                                                                             f                Id J      S
                                                                                                                                                                      [kwu?hJ uRefawmfe,f½;yGawGrm a&mufaewmrsm;vdYk yg/ jyef
                                                                                                                                                            a&mufwJhtcg tjyifjyefrxGufjzpfbl;/ oDcsif;yJ a&;aewmrsm;
                                                                                                                                                            w,f/
                                                                                                                                                            &Jav;qdkNyD; jzpfvmatmif b,fvdkBudK;pm;cJh&vJ/
                                                                                                                                                                                                              S f
                                                                                                                                                                      &Jav;qkNd yD;jzpfvmatmif q,fEpavmuf BudK;pm;cJ&ygw,f/                   h
                                                             awGr[kwfao;awmh tNrJwrf;oif,lrIeJY BudK;pm;ae&rSmyJav? aemufNyD;                                                   S f     f       T f I
                                                                                                                                                            tJ'D q,fEptwGi;rSm aysmf&irw?G wkucurawG? aumvm[v     d f kd f I
                                                             tcuftcJawGuvnf; udk,fhtwGuf tm;aq;wpfcGufudk jzpfcJhygw,f/                                     awGeJY cufcufcJcJjzwfoef;cJh&ygw,f/
                                                             'DtEkynmavmuxJudk b,folYwkdufwGef;rIaMumifh 0ifcJhwmvJ/                                                d
                                                                                                                                                            'gqk&if &Jav;taeeJY jrefrmjynf&UJ Hip Hop avmuudk b,fvkd
                                                                                  dk f G f             h       k hf D S
                                                                   rDudk rdbawGwuwe;rIawmif rygcJygbl;? ud,qrmygvmwJAZuku       h D d                       em;vnfxm;vJ/
                                                             'DtEkynmtvkyfudk 0goemygcJhwmyg/                                                                         uRefawmfb,fvkdajym&rvJ? jrefrmjynf&JU Hip Hop avmu
                                                             tEkynm&Sifwpfa,muf&JU atmifjrifrIudk rDudk b,fvkdcH,lxm;vJ/                                                    d f           G kd
                                                                                                                                                            udk 'Dtwki;qufom;ae&if½;oGm;rSmyJ? ½d;r,fqwpum;t"dym,f  k          dk hJ                     Ü
                                                                   atmifjrifrIqdkwm tNrJwrf;r&SifoefEkdifygbl;/ b,fvkd tEkynmrsKd;ukd                       rSm trsm;BuD;ygoGm;NyD/ uRefawmfwYkd u a&SUuajy;Ekiatmif vkyae         d f                     f
                                                                      d                     f                             k k
                                                             rqdk rdrwpfa,mufwnf;rvkybJ pkaygif;tm;eJY pnf;pnf;vH;vH; vkyaqmif     f                                                d f
                                                                                                                                                            wmyJ/ 'Dtwki;qufroGm;bJ enf;enf;av;jyKjyifvu&if aumif;                     dk f
                                                             oGm;&if atmifjrifrI[m tNrJwrf;a&&Snf wnfwHhaer,fvdkY rDukd cH,lxm;yg                           oGm;r,fvdkY uRefawmfjrifygw,f/
                                                             w,f/                                                                                           ESv;Hk om;a&;&meJY ywfoufNyD;awmha&m bmrsm;ajymcsiygao;ovJ/                  f
                                                             zuf&SifeJY ywfoufNyD;awmha&m b,fvdkzuf&SifrsKd;ukd ESpfoufvJ/                                            bmrSrajymcsifygbl;/ y&dowfxufcspf&r,fol r&Sao;vdYk yg/     h          d
                                                                   rDukdu ayghayhgyg;yg;jzpfr,fh *sif;yifav;awGudk ydkNyD; ESpfoufw,f/                      &Jav;b0rSma&m trSwfw&av;awG&Sd&if ajymjyay;ygOD;/
                                                             bmjzpfvdkYvJqkdawmh Free pwkdifvnf;usw,f? vGwfvGwfvyfvyfvnf;                                             trSwfw&uawmh trsm;BuD;yJ? tJ'DxJuaerS uRefawmf&JU
                                                             aevdkY&w,f/                                                                                    Live Show tpDtpOfxJu rdk;oDcsif;av;u uRefawmfhtwGuf
                                                             o½kyfaqmifarmf',ftjyif tjcm;bmawG0goemygao;vJ/                                                 trSwfw& jzpfapcJhygw,f/ bmvdkYvJqkdawmh pifay:rSm rdk;oDcsif;
                                                                   y&dowfBuD;u rDukdYudk avmbBuD;w,fvkdYxifygvdrfhr,f? rDukd oDcsif;                        qdkNyD;wJhtcsdefxd rdk;a&awGpkd&TJNyD; zsm;awmifzsm;w,f/
                                                             qkdwmwkdY bmwdkYvnf; 0goemygw,f? tEkynmtvkyfawGudk rDudk tukef                                                                                     kd f
                                                                                                                                                            &Jav;a&SUqufNyD; y&dowfukd b,fvazsmajzwifqufom;OD;rvJ/                               G
rDudk tckbmawGvIyf&Sm;aevJ/                                  BudKufw,f/                                                                                               a&SUqufNyD; y&dowfukd azsmfajzwifqufzYkd trsm;BuD;&Sygao;                     d
        [kwfuJhyg/ tck rDudk 'g½dkufwm cifarmifOD;           ESvHk;om;a&;&meJY ywfoufNyD;awmha&m bmrsm;ajymcsifao;vJ/                                                                                       Id J
                                                                                                                                                            w,f? tckavmavmq,fawmh e,f½;yGawGrsm;aeawmh e,fawGrm                                              S
pdk;odrf;xG#f ½dkuful;wJh ]NyHK;olrSm rsuf&nfpawGeJY}              ESvHk;om;a&;&mu rDudk toufvnf; i,fygao;w,f? tEkynmvnf;                                   &SdzdkY rsm;ygw,f/ &Jav;qkdNyD; tm;ay;aeoa&GUy&dowfukd rarm
&JwyfzGJU ESpfywfvnfZmwfum;av;udk ukdrif;xufeJY              rpHkao;wJhtwGufrDukd rpOf;pm;ao;ygbl;/ pOf;pm;&ifawmh y&dowfBuD;udk                            wrf; azsmfajzwifqufoGm;rSmyg/
½dkuful;aeygw,f/                                             ajymjyrSmyg/                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                            &Jav;taeeJY y&dowfukd trSww&jzpfapr,fpum; vufaqmif               h
     dk
rDutEkynmavmuxJpNyD; 0ifa&mufwe;u b,fvkd kf                  'gqdk y&dowfawGudk trSwfw&pum;av; ajymay;ygOD;/                                                av; ajymay;ygOD;/
tcuftcJawGeJY awGUBuHKcJh&vJ/                                      cspfwJhy&dowfawGtm;vHk;udk aus;Zl;wifygw,f/ rDukduvnf; o½kyf                                       cspfwJhy&dowfawGtm;vHk; pdwf&JUappm;&mudk vkdufygEdkifMu
        tcuftcJuawmhtrsm;BuD;ygyJ/ tEkynmqkwm  d                        I dk f
                                                             aqmifrwi;&JU b0'óeawGukd ay;csifygw,f/ rDuYkd ukd qufvufNyD; tm;                               ygapvdkY qkawmif;ay;ygw,f/
                      f l
b,ftEkynmrSrvG,uygbl;/ rDudk wdYku ynmonf                    ay;MuygvdkY ajymcsifygw,f/                                           udkaemif                                                                                                            udkaemif


 &DAdkufw,fvdkuf y½dkwif;jznfUpGuf
 tm[m&rIefh rdwfqufyGJusif;y
 eDw;  kd
 &efukef? ZGef 24
          &DAdkufwmvdkuf y½dkwif;jznfhpGuf t[m&rIefYrdwfquf
 yGJ tcrf;tem;udk ZGefv 24 &uf eHeuf 10 em&DrS 12 em&D
 txd Strand Hotel wGif usi;ycJonf/ f h
                f   d f       JG G
          ypön;opfrwqufywif Miss Myanmar 2012 qk&if        S
 reef;cifaZ,smESifh Hotel Zone rsm;tvkdkuf qk&&SdMuaom
 armf',fvfrsm;tm; tu,f'rDrsm;qk&Sif EdkifiHausmf ½kyf&Sif
                          h
 o½kyfaqmif rdkYrYkdjrifatmifwYkdu *kPjf yKvufaqmifrsm;
 csD;jr§ifhcJhonf/
                                                        eDwdk;
EDUCATIONAL POLICY                                                                                                                                                                                        Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  23


ausmif;awG&JY tajccH vdktyfcsufeJh q&m?
q&mrawG&JY ta&;ygrI
arNidrf;
                                                       kd             kd f kH
            awGukd ausmif;ynma&; taotcsmay;r,fq&ifawmh twwfEiq; wpfa,mufcsif;pDaocsm*½kpuEirS   kd f kd f
 uav;       jzpfygvdrfhr,f/ 'gaMumifh EdkifiHwumrSmu pmoifcef;awGxJ pmoifom;owfrSwfcsufu wpfcef;? q&m
                                                   k                              k f kd f
wpfa,mufukd ausmif;om; ta,muf 20 xuf ryd&ygbl;/ 'grSyJ uav;awG wu,fpmvduEiovm;? wpfa,muf
csif;&JUtm;omcsuf? tm;enf;csufawGudk aoaocsmcsmodNyD; vdktyfovdkoifMum;ay;EdkifrSm jzpfygw,f/

           avmavmq,f uRefr &SdaewJh                      a&;udkawmh aumif;aumif;&aewmjzpf                                  [m rlvwef;ynma&;upNyD; uav;
tar&duefjynfaxmifputawGUtBuHK        k                   ygw,f/                                                            awGqDrSm ]p½kduftrlt&maumif; &Sd
eJYyJ vG,fvG,fajym&&if tar&durSm                                      ___                                                  atmif wnfaqmufay;zdkY}? ]rdom;pk
bmtvkyfyJ vkyfvkyf atmifvufrSwf                                                                                                    f            kd
                                                                                                                           pdw"mwfqwmudk em;vnfatmif oif
oifwef;qif;vufrSwf tawGUtBuHK                                         ajym&&if 'DrSmu rlBudK aeYuav;                       Mum;ay;zdkY}? ]ausmif;0ef;usifrSm aysmf
&SdaMumif; axmufcHpmawGu ta&;yg                                  f
                                                         xde;ausmif; vkycsif&ifawmifryJ oif f                S             &TifzdkY}? ]vlrIqufqHa&;rSm tqifajy
vSygw,f/                                                 wef; aocsmwuf&wJhtjyif ae&mxdkif                                  zdkY}? ]EdkifiHcspfpdwfeJY opöm&SdrIawGudk em;
           'Dawmh EdkifiHwpfEdkifiH&JU tem*wf                                      f
                                                         cif;tus,t0ef;taetxm;? tauR;                                       vnfzdkYqdkwJh tcsufawGudk &nfrSef;NyD;
twGuf ta&;BuD;vSwJh uav;awGudk                           tarG;yHkpH? 0efxrf;ta&twGuf? oif                                  Character building ? Bonding with
oifMum;jyo arG;jrLxde;ausmif;ay;&       f                                   kH
                                                         Mum;rIypH pojzifh tao;pdwukd Oya'          f                      family ? Sense of belonging to school?
r,fh ausmif;q&m q&mr jzpfzdkYqdk&if                      pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;eJY nDygrS zGici&yg              hf G hf         Being part of society? National part
awmh bGJUwpfck&wJhtjyif oifMum;a&;                       w,f/ upm;uGif; ygovm;? yg&r,fh                                    and loyalty qdkwJh OD;wnfcsufawGudk
eJY qdkifwJh bGJUwpfck 'grSr[kwf q&m                                           f
                                                         tus,t0ef; owfrwcsueYJ nDvm;?         S f f                        tajccHjyD; pm&dwåynm (Moral Edu-
jzpf atmifvufrSwfwpfck vdkygw,f/                         'Dawmh uav;udk rlBudKausmif;xm;zdkY                               cation) oif½dk;udk a&;qGJMuwm awGU&
tJvdk q&mjzpfoifwef;u bmaMumifh                          u awmfawmf p&dwfBuD;oGm;ygw,f/                                    ygw,f/
'Davmuf ta&;yg&ygovJ/                                    ausmif;vcu rsm;ygw,f/                                                                              h
                                                                                                                                     txl;ojzifawmh ynmoifp rlv
           Barcelona u q&mjzpfoifwef;                                 'gayr,fh vcrsm;wJhtavsmuf                            wef;t&G,f uav;rsm;[m ted|m½Hk
ausmif;tkyfq&mr Jenny Jason ajym                               f
                                                         pdwcs&wJh tmrcHcsuvnf; &Sygw,f/       f      d                    qefwJh tjzpftysufawG? tqdk;jrif
wmuawmh oifMum;a&;pepf zGHUjzdK;rI                       NyD;awmh rlMudKqdkayr,fh xdef;ausmif;                             oabmxm;awGeJY rxdawGUoifhbl;
taxmuftuljyK rGr;rHoifwef;awGu   f                       oifMum;ay;olawGu uav;awGudk                                       qdkwJhrl xm;&SdwmygyJ/ ta&SUwdkif;a&m
q&mq&mrawGudk olwdkYtvkyftay:                            tajccH ausmif;ynma&;xJrSmvdkyJ                                    taemufwdkif;rSmyg ,Ofaus;rIyHkpHawG
ydkNyD; pdwf0ifpm;vmapEdkifw,f/ ydkjyD;                                 f              k
                                                         t&G,eYJ tvduf pnf;urf;usi0wfawG                hf                 uGJjym;ayr,fh uav;awG&JU ynma&;                            ynma&;xJrSma&m awGUcJhygw,f/                p½dkuf? pm&dwåaumif;jcif;? qdk;jcif;?
                  kd f kd f
uRrf;usifyiEivmapw,f/ ESv;&nf                     kH     udk uAsmawG? yHkjyifawG? AD'D,dkawG?                              twGuf xm;&SdwJh&nf&G,fcsufawGu                                                                         ,Ofaus;jcif;? ½kdif;ysjcif;? vdr®mjcif;?
wdk;wufvmapw,f/ tcsif;csif;udk                           yef;csDa&;wm? ta&mifjc,fwm? t½kyf                                                           l
                                                                                                                           awmh twlwyjJ zpfygw,f/ jrefrmEdiiH                   k f                   ___                         qdk;oGrf;jcif;? &J&ifhjcif;? aysmhnHhjcif;?
vnf; ydkNyD;todtrSwfjyKvm? yl;aygif;                     um;qufwm? pmvHk; Puzzle quf                                                        k
                                                                                                                           eJY teD;qH;jzpfwhJ tdE,Edii?H xdi;EdiiHd´ k f    k f k f        tar&duefynma&;xJ aemufxyf              owådaumif;jcif;? aMumufwwfjcif;?
uRrf;0ifvmapw,fvdkY qdkygw,f/                            wmawGeJY wpfygwnf; avhusifhay;                                    eJY pifumylEdkifiHawG[mvnf; pm&dwå                         uRefr ESpfoufwm wpfckuawmh                  wm0ef,lwwfjcif;? wm0efrJhjcif;? ol
           tenf;qHk;awmh q&m q&mrawG                     oGm;ygw,f/                                                        ynm oifcef;pmawGudk 'D&nf&G,fcsuf                          ausmif;ynma&;xJrSm bmoma&;udpö              wpfyg;udkav;pm;wwfjcif;vdk udk,f
tcsif;csif; pnf;a0;aqG;aEG;yGJawG                                                    kd d ö
                                                                      b,fvupawGukd avhusiay;vJ                 hf          abmifxJuyJ a&;qGJxm;wmyg/                                  vHk;0 rpGufzufwmygyJ/ vlrsdK;pHk ,Of               kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &nfu,aoG;awGukd wjznf;jznf; jzpf
                       f
tBuHjyKcsuawG rMumcPvkyaezdYk vdk             f          qdkwm tMurf;zsif;ajymjy&&ifawmh                                             'Dae&mrSm wlnDwJh oif½dk;tñTef;                  aus;rIpHk bmoma&;pHkvSwJh wdkif;jynf        ay:vmapwm r[kwfygvm;/ uav;
tyfygw,f/ bmompum; oifMum;                               rdbudk wwfEdkifoavmuf ulvkyfzdkY?                                                J
                                                                                                                           abmifxuae ud,EiiH ud,vrsKd;eJY     k hf kd f k hf l        tBuD;BuD;rdkY uGJjym;rIudk vufoifhcHzdkY?   awG udk,fwdkifawmif owdrjyKvdkufrd
enf;ynm&Sif Donald Freeman u                                           G f
                                                         i,f&,tm;enf;olukd n§mwmzdYk? ud,f                             k             k
                                                                                                                           tvduf pmay,Ofaus;rI tEkynmawG?                             'grSr[kwf b,fbmoma&;udkrS OD;               ygyJeJY uav;awG&JU udk,f&nfudk,f
]bmompmay oifMum;a&;e,fy,fxJ                             upm;xm;wJh upm;p&mawG ae&m                                        ½dk;&m"avhxHk;pHawG? rdom;pk pHwefzdk;                                         d      f
                                                                                                                                                                                      wnftm;ay;wmrsK;rvkybJ rQwapwJh              aoG; taumif;tqdk;udk pmoifcef;
u q&mq&mrawGtaeeJY wpfa,muf                              wus jyefodrf;zdkY? tdrfomoGm;wJhtcg                               awGudk oifay;ovdkyJ vlrsKd;? bmom                          oabmyJjzpfygw,f/ tJ'tcg uav; D              uae ulnDzefwD;ay;vdkufEdkifwmyg/
eJYwpfa,muf awGUqHkn§dEIdif; aqG;aEG;                    oefYpifwwfzYkd ? vufaq; vufowzYkd                           k f   pum;? ud;uG,,MkH unfrI rwloawGeYJ
                                                                                                                                              k           f                   l       awG&JU udk;uG,f,HkMunfrI[m rdbawG                 'gaMumif h y J pmoif c ef ; awG r S m
tajz&SmwJh Workshop tpDtpOfrsKd ;awG                     awG? tpm;taomufudk rzdwfrpOfbJ                                    tqifajyajy vdkufavsmnDaxG jzpf                                    f                       f k
                                                                                                                                                                                      &JUoGeoifrI 'grSr[kwf vTr;rd;rItay:         uav; wpfa,mufcsif;pDudk q&m
        f           kd
vkyay;zdYk vw,f/ 'grS olwYkd &UJ t&nf                    ukefatmif pm;wwfzdkYawG? ,Of,Of                                   atmif aexdiyawGuvnf; oifay;yg
                                                                                                                                                   k f kH           kd                rSmom rlwnfygawmhw,f/ 'ghtjyif              q&mrawGu twwfEdkifqHk; apmifh
taoG;eJY todynmawGudk tcsif;csif;                        aus;aus; pum;ajymzdkYawG? a'go                                    w,f/ tJvdkyJ udk,fhEdkifiH&JU ordkif;                      vli,fqdkwmu t&m&mudk pl;prf;NyD;            MunfhEdkifzdkYqdkwmrSm pmoifcef; t&G,f
                         D
tuJcwfNyD;ES;aESmzvS,Eir,f? tBuH       f kd f            rBuD;wwfatmif &efrjzpfatmif avh                                   aMumif;wpfavQmufu av;pm; twk                               ykefuefawmfvSefcsifwJh obm0 &SdMu           tpm;? ausmif;om; ta&twGufeJY
ay;EdkifMur,f/ 'g[m oifMum;a&;                                     hf
                                                         usiay;wmrsK;awGyg/ tJ'tcguav;   d        D                        ,lzG,f yk*¾dKvfawG&JU tw¬KyÜwådawGudk                                 f      G
                                                                                                                                                                                      wmrdYk vGwvyfpm awG;ac:wwfatmif             q&mta&twGuf? uav;awG&JU pm
twGuf wu,fvdktyfwJh ta&;ygwJh                            csif; 0wkwfaevdkY avSmifajymifwm?                                 vnf; oifcef;pmtjzpfjy|mef;NyD; oif                         avhusifhay;xm;ovdk vGwfvyfpGm ,Hk           oifcsdef tcsdefZ,m;? oifcef;pmawGeJY
       f
vkyief;pOfwpfck jzpfw,f}}vdYk ajymcJyg               h   tom;rnf;vdkY uJh&JUwm? ajcaxmuf                                   Mum;ay;MuwmygyJ/                                           MunfcGifhvnf;&SdwJh 'Dwdkif;jynfrSm vl      oifMum;a&;pepf? ausmif;0ef;usif jrif
w,f/                                                     roefvdkY axmhusKd;vdkY pwm? qif;&JvdkY                                      tJvdk oifMum;&mrSmvnf; oif                                              h
                                                                                                                                                                                      i,fawG[m bmomrJawG? vGwvyfwhJ      f        uGif;eJY tus,ft0ef;yrmP? oif
                           d f D
           jrefrmhtre;csif; tdE,Ediirmqdk d´ k f H S     ESrw,f qdwmwdYk vkd uRefri,fi,fu
                                                           d f                   k                                         cef;pmawG[m umwGef;awG? yef;csD                            tawG;tac:orm;awGvnf; &SdMuyg                axmufulypönf; pwmawGrSm tcsdK;
&ifvnf; tpdk;&u q&mq&mrawGudk                            &ifqdkifausmfjzwfcJh&zl;wJh uav;0ef;                              um;awG? yHkjyifawG? oDcsif;awGtjzpfeJY                     w,f/ ta&;BuD;wmuawmh b0ae                   nDnD&SdzdkY? pepfuszdkYu ta&;wBuD;
q&mjzpfoifwef;ay;NyD;awmh atmif                          usifu tJvdkyHk&dyfrsKd;awGudk 'DrSm vHk;0                         pdwf0ifpm;p&mjzpfatmif pDpOfzefwD;                         enf;udk olwdkYodMu&r,fh udpöygyJ/           vdktyfcsuf jzpfae&wmygyJ/
vufrSwf&rS q&mtvkyfcefYygw,f/                            awGU&rSm r[kwfygbl;/ 'gudkvnf;                                    ay;xm;wmrdkYvdkY uav;awGtwGuf                              'gudk rodEdkifwJhol tenf;tusOf;u                  uRefrwdkY jrefrmEdkifiHu ausmif;
tvkyfcGifxJa&mufoGm;NyD;wJh tcgrSm                       t"duçu q&mawG rdbawGuyJ avh                                       a&m q&mq&mrawGtwGuyg ryifyef;                 f                          S H
                                                                                                                                                                                      awmh b0xJrm½I;edrMhf u&rSmygyJ/ 'gu         awGrSm tJ'DvdktyfcsufawGeJY b,fES
vnf; On the job training vdkYac:wJh                      usifhay;oGm;Muwm jzpfygw,f/                                       bJeJY tvG,fwul oif,lwwfajrmuf                              vnf; "r®wmyJ jzpfygw,f/                     csuf nDñGwfjynfhpHkygNyDvJ/ tJ'Duae
         f                   f
vkyief;cGif rGr;rHoifwef;awG tquf                                     wu,fawmh EdkifiHwum ausmif;                                                      G
                                                                                                                           NyD;om; jzpfom;apwmyg/ 'gudk uRefr                              'gav;awG [ m wu,f a wmh                pvdkY ynma&;pepfopfqdkwmudk pwif
rjywf ay;aeao;wmyg/ 'gaMumifhyJ                          ynma&;awG x J r S m vnf ; 'D t ajccH                              av;ESpfwmaecJhwJh xdkif;EdkifiH&JU ynm                     tao;tzGJav;awGyg/ 'gayr,fh tJ'D             ajymif;vJypf&rSm jzpfygw,f/
tdE´d,EdkifiHrSm vlOD;a&rsm;NyD; bmom                                     f
                                                         tcsuawGukd t"duxm;NyD; oif½;jyKpk                        kd       a&;xJrSma&m? uRefr avhvmxm;wJh                             ta&;BuD;wJh tao;tzGJav;awGuyJ
pum;awG trsm;BuD;uGaeayr,fh ynm    J                     Muwmyg/ urÇmhEdkifiH tawmfrsm;rsm;                                Oa&my? puif'DaeAD;,ef; EdkifiHawG&JU                       uav;awGudk wjznf;jznf;eJY tusifh                                                arNidrf;
  24            Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                      LAW & REGULATION
rif;b@m ukd,Uf[mrSwfvdkh . . .
OD;0if;a&T (w&m;vTwfawmfa&SYae)
                                          Hh                                   k f H      f
                 tcsKyftjcmtmPm wnfwa&;twGuf w&m;r0ifvrf;aMumif;rS jrefrmEdiitwGi;okYd 0ifa&mufvmaom
 EdkifiHawmf\              G f hJ       f             Yl           k I d                      f h
                 taumufcerypön;rsm; yaysmufa&;? jynfob@mrsm; qH;½H;rIr&S&avatmif umuG,apmifa&Smuf&rnfh
                  G               G f D          k                           G f D
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;xJwif taumufceO;pD;Xmevnf; wpfctygt0ifjzpfonf/ taumufceO;pD;Xmetaejzifh avaMumif;?
                                             G f               f f                 k
a&aMumif;? Munf;aMumif;rSwpfqifh w&m;r0ifoi;,lvmaom ukeypön;rsm;udk &SmazGazmfxwMf u&onf/ taumufcerhJ  G f
       G f            f                                  G f D                          d Ykd  f
wifoi;vmaom ypön;rsm;udk pm&if;Z,m;jyKpkí taumufceO;pD;XmeodYk tyfEMHS u&onf/ xkor[kwbJ odr;qnf;    f
&rdaomypönf;rsm;udk rormaomenf;vrf;jzifh tvGJoHk;pm;jyKvkyfcJhMuonfh trItcif;rsm;&SdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
          &efukefNrKdU taumufcGefOD;pD;Xme    ESpfpD uscHap&efvnf;aumif;? OD;oef;                onf[k Oya'oabmt& ,lq&rnf
ykdif oD[&mZm-2 a&,mOfrSL; AkdvfrSL;                            d h D                 f
                                              axG;ESihf OD;rsK;jrifO;wkYd tm; yk'r-409^          oljzpfonf/
cifarmifat;? 'k-a&,mOfrSL;AkdvfBuD;           109 t& axmif'Pf ckepfEppD uscap     S f        H          xkdypönf;rsm;udk zrf;qD;&rdonfh
ausmfausmfatmif? a&,mOfay:wGif                &eftjyif OD;oef;axG;tm; yk'fr-465                  3-2-1995 aeY 1 em&DausmfcefYrSpí
vkdufyg wm0efxrf;aqmifMuaom                   t& axmif'Pf ESpfESpf? rsKd;jrifhOD;tm;             taumufcGef okdavSmif½HkokdY tyfESH&ef
OD;pD;t&m&Sd OD;pdefvSESifh 0efxrf;rsm;           f
                                              yk'r- 468 t& axmif'Pfo;ESpuscH            kH f     aqmif&GufrI NyD;ajrmufonfh 9-2-               xrf;aqmifaom oD[&mZm-2 ay:                                                           d dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ,if;okYdo&onfEiwpfNydKieuf owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S hf          f
onf 3-2-1995 &ufaeY 1 em&DcefY                ap&ef jypf'PftoD;oD;udk wpfaygif;                  1995 aeYtxd avQmufxm;olrsm;                                                   f
                                                                                                                                               wGif zrf;qD;ypön;rsm;&SaeaMumif; od&dS        d                       ray;&ef vHkavmufaomtaMumif; r&Sd
wGif pnfol-9 pufavSrS odrf;qnf;               wnf;uscHap&ef trdefYcsrSwfcJhonf/                  vuf0,fokdY ,HkMunfpGm tyfESHxm;&                h                    l
                                                                                                                                               cJonf/ pnfo-9 ukd wyfrawmf(a&)                                        vQif eD;&m &mZ0wf w&m;olBuD;xH
       hJ                  G f hJ
&rdcaom taumufcerypön;tm;vH;        f     k                        D
                                                       w&m;cHO;ausmausmatmifu ¤if;
                                                                           f    f                                  f
                                                                                                 onfh ypön;rsm;(odYk ) ypön;pDrcefYcyif
                                                                                                                                f H JG dk      okdY vTJajymif;NyD;csdefwGif oD[&mZm-2                                jzpfap? &Jt&m&SdwpfOD;OD;xH jzpfap
ukd taumufcGefOD;pD;XmeodkY vTJajymif;        tay:csrSwfxm;onfh trdefYudk raus                   cGifhudk wpfenf;enf;jzifh ,HkMunftyfESH       ay:ü taumufcerhJ zrf;qD;ypön;rsm; G f                         f       owif;ay;&rnf/ xdkokdY owif;ray;
ay;&rnfhtpm; ig;oHk;vHk; pD;u&uf              eyfí w&m;½Hk;csKyfokdY t,lcH0ifa&muf               NyD;ypönf;jzpfonf[k aumuf,l&efom              usefaeonfudk ¤if;ukd,fwkdif od&Sd                                     &ef vHkavmufonfhtaMumif;&SdcJhvQif
yguif 90 ukd wyfMuyfBuD;pma&; oef;            &m axmif'PfcepfEpoYkd ajymif;vJay;
                                                                      k S f                      jzpfonf/ rdrdwdkYxH tyfESHjcif;r&Sdygqdk      aMumif; tjiif;rxGufay/ txuf                                           xdkodkY&SdaMumif;udk xif&Sm;atmif ouf
axG;ESifh rsKd;jrifhOD;wkdY\ tultnDjzifh      cJhonf/ okdYaomf OD;ausmfausmfatmif                aom ¤if;wdYk \wifjycsufukd vufcEif     H kd            d
                                                                                                                                               t&m&Srsm;xH ¤if;u owif;ydYk rr&Sjd cif;                     I         aojy&rnfwm0efonf xdo\wm0ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        h                      k l
jyifyokdY cdk;xkwfo,f,l a&mif;cs&aiG          u rauseyfojzifh txl;t,lcH0ifcGifh                  rnf r[kwfacs/                                 onf wrifxdrfcsefjcif;(odkY) OD;cif                                    jzpfonf/
3825000d^- ukd cGJa0,lcJhMuonf/               avQmufxm;onf/ xkdYjyif OD;cifarmif                          OD;cifarmifat;onf xkdpOfu            armifat;ESifh OD;oef;axG;? OD;rsKd;jrifhOD;                                                         I dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           okYdjzpf&mjypfrqi&musix; Oya'             hf kH
yife,fqkd;epfuufquf tvHk; 40                  ausmf? OD;pdk;rkd;vIdif? OD;rdk;ausmfol? OD;       oD[&mZm-2 a&,mOfrSL; AdkvfrSL;cif             wdkYtwGuf ypönf;rsm; cdk;xkwf&mwGif                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     yk'r - 44 wGif jypfrqi&m Oya'yk'r  I dk f                      f
tygt0if ypönf;rsKd;pHkudk 13-2-1995           at;vGif? OD;cifarmifat;wdkYuvnf;                   armifat;tjzpf wm0ef0wå&m;aqmif                vG,fulap&ef taMumif;cdkifvHkaMumif;                                   - 409 t& usL;vGefonfhjypfrI yg0if
aeYwGif t,f(vf) 229 a&,mOfjzifh ckd;          w&m;½Hk;csKyfodkY t,lcHwufa&mufcJh&m               &Guf&oljzpfaeí zrf;qD;&rdcJhonfh              awGU&Sd&onf/                                                          onfukd rawGU&Sd&acs/ xkdYaMumifh jypfrI
xkwpOfzrf;qD;&rdconftwGuf oD[
          f              hJ h                 atmifjrifrI r&Sdojzifh txl;t,lcH0if                ypönf;rsm;udk w&m;r0if a&mif;csjcif;                 OD;cifarmifausmf? OD;ausmfpdk;vIdif?                           qkdif&m Oya'yk'fr - 202 t& jypf'Pf
&mZm-2 a&,mOfrS a&,mOfrSL;ESifh               cGifh&&Sd&ef taxGaxGavQmufvTmrsm;                  jzifh tvGJoHk;pm;jyKonfrSm ¤if;\ wm           OD;rdk;ausmfolESifh OD;at;vGifwkdYonf                                 pD&ifxkdufonf qdkaom wifjycsufukd
'ka&,mOfrSL;tygt0if taygif;ygrsm;             wifoGif;cJh&onf/ w&m;½Hk;csKyfrS wpf               0efESifhqufpyfaom tjyKtrl r[kwf               taumufcGefOD;pD;XmerS 0efxrf;rsm;                                     vufcHpOf;pm;&ef rjzpfEdkifay/
onf vkyfief;wm0eft& zrf;qD;&rd                aygif;wnf; Mum;emNyD; txl;t,lcH                    aomaMumifh ¤if;tm;w&m;pGJqkdcGifhudk          jzpfMuí ¤if;wdYk onf pnfo- 9 ay:ü                         l                 xdkYaMumifh avQmufxm;olrsm;
onfhypönf;rsm;ukd tvGJoHk;pm;jyKvkyf          cHk½Hk;rS pHknDcHk½Hk;jzifhMum;em&ef ta&;,l        jypfrIqkdif&m usifhxHk;Oya' yk'fr-197         taumufcGefrJhypönf;rsm;udk pwifzrf;                                   tay: w&m;½Hk;csKyfu pD&ifqHk;jzwfcJh
cJhMuojzifh jypfrIqkdif&m Oya'yk'fr-          avmufonfhjyóem ay:aygufrI &Sd^                     (1)t& oufqkdif&m tzGJUtpnf;rS cGifh           qD;onfh tcsdefrSpí pm&if;aumuf,l                                      onfh trdefYwGif pHknDcHk½Hk;jzifh jyefvnf
409^109 t& ta&;,lay;&ef txl;                  r&Sd atmufygtwkdif;qHk;jzwfcJhonf/                 jyKcsufawmif;cH&ef rvdktyfay/ w&m;            jcif;? taumufceoavSmif½oYdk r<uif;
                                                                                                                                                                          G f kd                      kH             Mum;em&ef ta&;,l a vmuf o nf h
  k
pHprf;ppfaq;a&;OD;pD;XmerS OD;pD;t&m&Sd                avQmufxm;olrsm;onf oD[                    ½Hk;rsm; ñTefMum;vTm - 11^70 t&               rusef tyfESHapa&;udk aqmif&Guf&ef                                     jyóem ay:aygufrI&Sdonfukd rawGU&
OD;jrifhoef;-2 u qdyfurf;&Jpcef;wGif          &mZm-2 a&,mOfjzifh yifv,fjyifodkY                  jynfolY0efxrf;\ &mxl;wm0efESifh                          dS l
                                                                                                                                               wm0ef&orsm;jzpfMuonf/ zrf;qD;&rd                                      ojzifh avQmufxm;olrsm; wifoGif;
wkdifcsufzGifhvSpfcJhonf/                     ppfqifa&;wm0ef xrf;aqmif&ef oGm;                   rtyfpyfonfh jyKrlcsufudk &mxl;qkdif           cJhaom taumufcGefrJh ypönf;rsm;ukd                                    onfh þtaxGaxGavQmufvTmrsm;ukd
          ¤if;trIudk &efukefwkdif;w&m;½Hk;    a&mufjcif;jzpfonf/ yifv,fjyifwGif                              hf              hf
                                                                                                 &m tcGita&;tjzpf tcGiaumif;,lí                pm&if;tif;ESifh wdwdusus rSefrSefuef                                  y,fonf[k txl;t,lcHcHk½Hk;rS trdefY
(cHk½Hk;-3)rSjypfrIBuD;trSwf-3^95 jzifh       pnfol-9 pufavSudk wefzkd;aiG usyf                  jyKrlaqmif&GufcsufjzpfaomaMumifh OD;          uef tyfESH&ef raqmif&GufbJ OD;cif                                     csrSwfcJhonf/
vufcHppfaq;Mum;emNyD;aemuf OD;cif                    f
                                              ode; 1200 ausmfcefY&onfh taumufdS                  cifarmifat;ESifh ywfoufíjzpfap? OD;                                    k
                                                                                                                                               armifat;xHrS cd;xkwypön;rsm;a&mif;         f         f                      trS e f a wmh a&aMumif ; ? av
armifat;ESifh OD;ausmfausmfatmifwdkY          cGefrJh ypönf;rsm;ESifh awGU&Sdí zrf;qD;cJh        ausmfausmfatmif? OD;cifarmifausmf?            csaiGudk w&m;ojzifh &&SdaomaiG jzpf                                   aMumif;? Munf;aMumif;rsm;wGif wm0ef
              I dk f
tm; jypfrqi&m Oya'yk'r-409 t&     f           onf/ zrf;qD;&rdaom taumufcGefrJh                                  kd d   d
                                                                                                 OD;ausmfp;vIif tp&Sonfh usef0efxrf;           onf[k r,HMk unfEiavmufbJ vufcH        dk f                            xrf;aqmifaeMuonfh taumufcGef
axmif'Pf 10 ESpfpD uscHap&efvnf;              ypönf;rsm;onf jynfolY0efxrf;rsm;                            hf
                                                                                                 rsm;ESiywfoufíjzpfap w&m;pGq&ef   J dk        jcif;? oufqkdif&m txuftzGJUtpnf;                                      OD;pD;XmerS 0efxrf;rsm;onf jynfolY
aumif;? a&,mOfwGif wm0efxrf;                  jzpfMuonfh avQmufxm;olrsm;u zrf;                   cGifhjyKrdefY rvdktyfacs/                     rsm;odkY ,if;tjzpftysufrsm;ESifh ywf                                  0efxrf;rsm; jzpfMuonf/ urf;eD;?
aqmifcMhJ uonfh 0efxrf; 24 OD;wkYd tm;        qD;&rdonfhtcsdefuyif pwifí EdkifiH                        OD;ausmfausmfatmifonf OD;cif           oufNyD; owif;ay;ydkYrIr&Sdjcif;rSm &m                                 urf;a0; ae&ma'ora&G;? yifv,fjyif
yk'fr-409^109 t& axmif'Pf ckepf               awmfykdifypönf;tjzpfodkY a&muf&SdNyD;jzpf          armifat; a&,mOfrSL;tjzpf wm0ef                Z0wfrI usL;vGefonfudk odvsufESifh                                     wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifaeMuonfh
                                                                                                                                               wrif xdrfcsefjcif;yifjzpfí tm;ay;                                     taumufcGef 0efxrf;rsm;onf EdkifiH
owif;orm;wpfOD;&JY pdwf"mwf aqmif;yg;rStquf . . . . .                                                                                          ulnDjcif;ajrmufonf[k w&m;½Hk;csKyf                                    awmf\ aus;Zl;opömudk apmihfa&Smuf&
                                                                                                                                               u aumuf,lcJhjcif;omjzpfonf/                                                h l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rnforsm;jzpfMuonf/ taumufcerhJ                               G f
pm wpfapmif? *sme,fwpfapmifeJYwlwJh           tHhMoaumif; tHhMoEkdifygw,f/ uRefr                 yg/ ½dk;om;NyDqdk&if 'Dowif;axmuf                    avQmufxm;olrsm; wifjyMuonfh                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ypön;rsm;udk yifv,fa&jyifwizrf;qD;                G f
avSBuD;udk twlavSmfcwfaeolawGyg/              u owif;pmynm oifwef;ay;aewm                                     f S
                                                                                                 [m vlrsuEmxuf owif;rsuEmudyJ    f S k         owif;ay;&ef ysufuGufrIonf jypfrI                                                    S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     &rdonfEiwpfNydKifeuf oufqi&mokYd                      dk f
                       k f
'gayr,fh owif;wpfy'twGutjiif; f                       f
                                              r[kwovdk owif;pmynmeJYywfouf                       MunfhrSmyg/
                                                                                                                                               qkdif&m Oya'yk'fr- 202 ESifhoufqkdif                                  owif;ay;ydYk &rnf jzpfonf/ wpfenf;
yGm;rIawG? aqG;aEG;rIawGuawmh &Sd&rSm         wJhaqmif;yg; a&;aewmvnf; r[kwf                           awmfwdkif;wwfwdkif; owif;
                                                                                                                                               ygonf qdkaomtcsufESifh pyfvsOf;í                                                  h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tm;jzifzrf;qD;&rdonfh taumufcerhJ                           G f
yg/ tjiif;yGm; aqG;aEG;wmeJY &efjzpf          ygbl;/                                             orm;aumif;wpfa,muf rjzpfygbl;/
                                                                                                                                               qifjcifoHk;oyfygu ,if; yk'fr-202                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ypön;rsm;udk jynfoyiypön;[kvnf;   l dk f      f
wm? zdESdyfwmeJY uGmjcm;w,fqdkwm                   owif;pmorm;[m owif;pm                         owif;avmurSm 10 ESpf jzwfoef;
owdjyK&ygr,f/                                 ynmeJY ywfoufvdkY odatmif? awmf                    NyD;NyD? tESpf 20 jzwfoef;NyD;NyDvdkY                         I dk f
                                                                                                                                               onf jypfrqi&m usifx;Oya'yk'r-                h kH                 f   rSwf,lí&Edkifygonf/ ,if;zrf;qD;&rd
     wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf txif                 atmif oifwef;wufvdkY&ygw,f? a&S;                   atmfae½HeYJ vnf; owif;orm;aumif;
                                                                                                            k                                  44 (1) wGif jypfrIqkdif&m Oya'yk'fr-                                         h         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     onfypön;rsm;udvrvnfíud,usKd; k d f                      k f
ao;rIawGeJY trSm;&SmwmrsdK; r[kwfbJ                                    h
                                              a&SUu q&mBuD;awGa&;cJwhJ pmtkyawG
                                                                              f                  rjzpfygbl;/ bmwuúodkvfBuD;? nm                121? 121(u)? 122?123? 124?                                            twGuf tvGJoHk;pm;jyKolrsm;twGuf
tjyeftvSef av;pm;rIawGeJY jiif;ckef           zwfvdkY&ygw,f/ 'gayr,fh owif;pm                    ausmif;BuD;uae owif;pmynm bGJU                124(u)? 125? 126? 130? 143? 144?                                      wnfqJw&m;Oya'u cGifhrvTwfEdkif
aqG;aEG;r,fqdk&if owif;axmuf                  orm;wpfa,muf &Sdoifh&SdtyfwJh pdwf                 &vm½HkeJYvnf; owif;orm;aumif;                 145? 147? 148? 302? 303? 304?                                         yg/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh EkdifiHykdifypönf;
bufuvnf; t,f'Dwmu zdESdyfw,f                         d
                                              xm;rsK;uawmh b,for?S b,fausmif;
                                                                     l                           rjzpfygbl;/ tajccH ½dk;om;rIr&SdwJhol         382? 392? 393? 394? 395? 396?                                         oabm oufa&mufaeonfh taumuf
vdkYrxifbJ ynm&w,fvdkY,lqrSmjzpf              urS oifay;vdkYr&ygbl;/                             u ESpf aygif;rsm;pGm owif;avmurSm             397? 399? 402? 435? 436? 449?                                         cGefrJhypönf;rsm; (rif;b@m) rsm;udk
ovdk t,f'DwmtwGufvnf; owif;                        [Hom0wD owif;pmq&mBuD;                        vkyfcJhzl;w,f qdk&ifawmif owif;               450? 456? 457? 458? 459? 406                                          udk,fh[mrSwfNyD; tvGJoHk;pm;jyKolrsm;
             k
aumif;wpfy'?f aqmif;yg;aumif; wpf             OD;0if;wifajymwJh owif;orm;qdkwm                   orm;aumif;wpfa,muf vHk;0 vHk;0                wdkYt& jypf'Pfxkdufoifhaom jypfrI                                     oifcef;pm &&SdEdkifMuap&ef 1998ckESpf?
yk'f &vmEkdifp&m &Sdygw,f/                    tajccH½dk;om;rI&Sd&r,f qdkwJhpum;u                 rjzpfEkdifygbl;/ ½dk;om;wmeJY ]t} wm          wpfpHkwpf&mudk tjcm;ol wpfOD;wpf                                      jrefrmEdkifiH w&m;pD&ifxHk; pm(1)ukd
     uRefr ajymwJhtxJrSm owif;                odyfudk ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ NyD;awmh                    rwlbl;qdkwmudkawmh uGJjym;zdkYvdkyg                                       f
                                                                                                                                               a,muf usL;vGeaMumif;udaomfvnf;                     k                  odrSwfzG,f&mtjzpf a&;om;wifjy
orm;wpfa,muf b,fvdkawmf&r,f?                  odyfvnf; us,fjyefYygw,f/ owif;                     w,f/                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                               aumif;? usL;vGe&ef BuHpnfaeaMumif;                                    vdkuf&ygonf/
wwf&r,f qdkwmawG rygwJhtwGuf                  orm;wpfa,muf&Sdudk&Sd&r,fhpdwfxm;                                                 wl;wl;om           d
                                                                                                                                               ukaomfvnf;aumif;od&ornforqkd                    Sd l            l                          OD;0if;a&T (w&m;vTwfawmfa&SYae)
LAW & REGULATION                                                                                                                                                         Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    25


aomUudkifolu vuf&SdjzpfaomaMumifU
atmifEdkif(vufyHwef;)
           ajr^wkdufcef;wdkYudk Oya'ESifhtnD 0,f,lolonf ,if;ypönf;\ ykdif&Sifjzpfygonf/ ,if;ypönf;udk 0,fol                                        tdrftay:xyfudk ausmfeif;olr[kwf                  wGif OD;uHanmifrSm tdrftay:xyfudk
 tdrf^        k f dk f  d f            k          l     d f S
           ud,wiaexkivQif? toH;jyKvQif 0,foonf yki&ijf zpf½ru vuf&xm;olvnf; jzpfygonf/ ,if;ypön;
                                                                     kH  dS                               f                                        yg/ xdktay:xyfudk w&m;0ifiSm;aeyg                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                    aomhcwfxm;í xkaomhukd vuf&dS &Sol                        d
                                 d f l                h     d f G hf           h
ukd tiSm;csxm;vQif iSm;&rf;aexkio\vuf&jdS zpfNyD; tcrJaexkiciay;xm;vQif tcrJaexkiaeol\ vuf&jdS zpfygonf/
                                                                                   d f                                                                            d
                                                                                                                                                   onf[k qkaomfjim;vnf; ½H;wGixuf    k f G          jzpfojzifh ¤if;onf xkdtdrftay:xyf
xkdYtwl tzGJUtpnf;wpfckckodkYvTJtyfxm;vQif ,if;tzGJUtpnf;\ vuf&Sdjzpfygonf/                                                                        qdkMuaom oufaoxGufcsufrsm;ESifh                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                    udk vuf&dS &Sojl zpfonf/ xkuoYdk aomh        d hJ
                                                                                                                                                   oufaocH tdrfvc jzwfydkif;rsm;t&                                dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ukd vuf&xm;jcif;tm;jzifh OD;uHanmif
       ,if;odkY ra&TUrajymif;Edkifaom        1091 ? w&m;½Hk;csKyf 1966 ckESpf &mZ            xyfodkYwufí bk&m;&Sdcdk;Muonf/                        OD;vSodef;onf tqkdygtdrf\ atmuf                  onf xkdtdrftay:xyfudk w&m;0ifykdif
          f
ypön; vuf&jdS zpfowYkd tay: rnforQ
                       l               l     0wfjyifqifrtrSw-103(c)?OD;vSoe;
                                                             I         f               d f         OD;vSodef;u tdrftay:xyfrS rdk;                  xyfudkomvQif iSm;aeoljzpfonf/                    qkdifjcif;taersKd; r[kwfbJ udk,fxd
&mZ0wfruif;aom ausmeif;rIrsm;rjyK
                             f               ESifh OD;uHanmif pD&ifxHk;jzpfygonf/            ,kojzifh a&cH&ef OD;uHanmifxrS aomh
                                                                                                 d                                     H           OD;vSodef;ESifh tdrftay:xyf rnfokdYrQ            vufa&muf ydiqixm;olwpfa,muf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k f dk f
ap&ef Oya'u wm;jrpfxm;ygonf/                         trIrSm zsmyHkNrdKU 5 vrf;? trSwf        awmif;,lNyD; OD;vSodef;u tdrftay:                     roufqkdifay/                                     jzpfonf[k,lq&ef taMumif;&Sdonf/
                           f
&mZ0wfruif;aom ausmeif;rIqonf     dk         22 ESpfxyftdrfudk tusifqdkolu ykdif             xyfwGif ¤if;\om;rsm;ukd aexkdifap                             trIwGif ay:aygufaeonfrSm OD;                   xduoYkdaomtajctaersK;ü OD;vS
                                                                                                                                                                                                             k hJ                                     d
            I
rSm jypfrusL;vGe&ef (okYd wnf;r[kw)?
                   f                     f   qkdifonf/ ¤if;u ,if;ESpfxyftdrfudk              onf/ OD;uHanmifu OD;vSodef;xHrS                       vSodef;onf tdrftay:xyfrS rdk;,dk                 odef;u OD;uHanmif\ ykdifeufudk usL;
ypönf;vuf&Sdjzpfol wpfOD;wpfa,muf                              f kH
                                             ]]uH&if}} w½kwbausmif;toif;odYk vTJ             aomhjyefawmif;aomtcg OD;vSoe;u              d f       ojzifh a&cH&ef OD;uHanmifxHrSaomhudk             ausmfí 0ifa&mufaeNyD; z,fray;aom
ukd ajcmufvSefY&ef (okdYwnf;r[kwf)?          tyfxm;onf/ ,if;bHkausmif;toif;                  ray;bJ jiif;qefonf/ OD;uHanmifu                       awmif;,ljcif;jzpfonf/ OD;uHanmifrm           S   aMumifh OD;uHanmifrSm pdwftaESmifh
apmfum;&ef (odkYwnf;r[kwf)? pdwf             \ vlBuD;rSm OD;uHanmifjzpfonf/ OD;              NrdKUe,f v.t.u odkY wkdifwef;&m v.                    uH&ifbHkausmif;toif;\ pDrHtkyfcsKyf              t,Sujf zpfaMumif;ay:vGiojzifh OD;uH        f
NidKjiifap&ef tBuHjzifh olYwpfyg;\           uHanmifonf ¤if;tdrftay:xyfwpf                   t.u u 0ifa&mufzsefajzaomfvnf;                         ol vlBuD;wpfa,muf jzpfonfhtjyif                  anmifonf OD;vSoe;tay: tdrausmf    d f               f
vuf&dS ypönf;twGif;okdYjzpfap tay:           xyfvHk;udk w½kwfbHkausmif; wnf&m                OD;vSodef;u aomhjyefray;bJaeojzifh                               d f     H S d f
                                                                                                                                                   OD;vSoe;wdYk xrtrvcrsm;udaumuf         k         eif;rIESifh w&m;pGJqkdEkdifonf/
odkYjzpfap 0ifa&mufvQif (odkYwnf;            XmejyKvkyfxm;í toif;0ifrsm;bk&m;                OD;uHanmifu OD;vSodef;tm; w&m;½Hk;                          l
                                                                                                                                                   cHovnf;jzpfonf/ OD;vSoe;u OD;uH  d f                   txufazmfjyyg taMumif;t&m
r[kwf)? xdkypönf; twGif;okdYjzpfap           &Sc;&ef cef;raqmiftjzpf toH;jyKxm;
                                               d kd                               k          wGif &mZowfBuD; yk'fr 448 t& tdrf                     anmifxHrS aomhawmif;,lNyD; a&cH½HkrQ             Oya'tcsuftvufrsm;t& OD;vSoe;                               d f
tay:okdYjzpfap w&m;ojzifh0ifa&muf            onf/ xdkYjyif ¤if;ydkif cHk0dkif;&Snfwpfck?     ausmfeif;rI pGJqdkjcif;jzpfonf/                       ru ¤if;\om;rsm;udk tdray:xyfwiff           G     onf OD;uHanmif vuf&Sdjzpfaom
NyD;aemuf ypönf;&SdoludkajcmufvSefY&ef       rSefum;ajcmufcsyfESifh ]uH&iftoif;}[k                 ,if;trIukd zsmyHNk rdKU? NrdKUr&mZ0wf           aeapjcif;tm;jzifh OD;uHanmif\ pdwf               tcsif;jzpftdrftay:xyfudk usL;ausmf
(odkYwnf;r[kwf)? apmfum;&ef (odkY                                d f
                                             a&;xm;aom qki;bkwwpfcuvnf;    f    k kd         w&m;olBuD;½Hk;u 1965 ckESpf&mZ0wf                     NidKjiifap&efjzpfonf[k ,lqonf/                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                    aMumif;rSm ay:vGiojzifatmuf½;rsm;      h              kH
wnf;r[kwf)? pdwfNidKjiifap&ef (okdY          xm;&Sonf/ xdtrtay:xyf\aomhudk
                                                      d        k df                          BuD;rItjzpfvufcppfaq;NyD; OD;vSoe;
                                                                                                                 H                           d f           OD;vSodef;\ ynm&Sda&SUaeBuD;u            rS csrSwfaom trdefYrsm;onf rSm;,Gif;
wnf;r[kwf)? jypfrIusL;vGef&ef tBuH           vnf; ¤if;uyifukdifaqmifxm;onf/                  tay: &mZowfBuD; yk'fr 448 t&                          OD;uHanmifonf tcsif;jzpf tdrftay:                          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                    onf[rawGU&ay/xdYk aMumifatmuf½;                 h            kH
jzifh Oya'ESifhqefYusifum xkdypönf;ü                 OD;uHanmifonf bHausmif;toif;
                                                                         k                   jypf'Pfxkdufoifhaom jypfrIudk usL;                    xyfudk vuf&Sdjzpfolr[kwf[k tqkd&Sd               rsm;\ trdefYrsm;udk twnfjyKNyD; OD;vS
qufvufaejcif;jzpfygonf/                      \ pDrHtkyfcsKyfol vlBuD;jzpfonfhtm;             vGefaMumif;awGU&Sdojzifh &mZ0wf usihf                 onf/ OD;vSodef;\ tjyKtrlrSm OD;uH                odef;\ jyifqifrIavQmufvTmudk yvyf
       trIwpfckwGif rlv½Hk;u w&m;cH          avsmfpGm tdrfatmufxyfudk iSm;xm;                xkH; yk'fr 562(1)t& usyf 500 wef                                                 S f
                                                                                                                                                   anmiftay: ajcmufveY&efaomfvnf;                   vkdufaMumif; trdefYcsrSwfcJhygonf/
tm; &mZowfyk'fr 448 (tdrfausmf               onf/ ,if;atmufxyfudk OD;vSodef;                          l   D
                                                                                             cH0efowpfO;ESihf wpfEptwGi;aumif;
                                                                                                                      S f           f              aumif;? apmfum;&efaomfvnf;aumif;?                      tcsKytm;jzifqaomf ra&TUrajymif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f           h dk
eif;rI)t& jypfrIusL;vGefaMumif; awGU         ESifh ¤if;\ESr rciftkef;wdkY wpfjcrf;pD         pGmaexkdif&ef cH0efcsKyfap&ef trdefY                  pdwfNidKjiifap&efaomf vnf;aumif;                 Ekdifaom ypönf;wGif aexkdifjcif;ypönf;
&Sdojzifh wpfESpftwGif; aumif;rGefpGm        aeMuonf/ tdrfvcrSm wpfjcrf; usyf                csrSwfcJhonf/                                         tBuHtpnfr&Sdyg/ xkdYaMumifh&mZowf                xm;&Sdjcif;wdkYr&Sdaomfvnf; aomhcwf
aexkdif&ef cH0efcsKyfqdkapcJh&m ,if;trI      30 jzpfí ESpfjcrf;twGuf wpfv usyf                     ,if;trdefYudk OD;vSodef;u raus                  BuD; yk'fr 441 t& &mZ0wf ruif;                                            dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                    xm;í aomhuvuf&jdS zpfoonf ,if;                l
onf w&m;½Hk;csKyftxd a&muf&SdcJhum           60 jzpfonf/ xdktdrfvcrsm;udk OD;uH              eyfíy,fzsufay;yg&ef zsmyHNk rdKU puf&if          S    aom ausmfeif;rI[aom t"dym,fwif
                                                                                                                                                                            l           Ü   G       ypönf;udk vuf&Sdxm;oljzpfygaMumif;?
ra&TUrajymif;Ekdifaomypönf;udk aomh          anmifu w½kwbausmif; pDrtycsKyf
                                                                  f kH           H k f       w&m;olBuD;½H;okYd 1965 ckEpf &mZ0wf
                                                                                                            k                   S                  tusKH;r0ifyg[k wifjyonf/                         ,if;ypönf;onf aomhudkifxm;ol\
cwfí aomhvuf&Sdxm;olonf ,if;                                         h
                                             ol vlBuD;taejzifaumufconf/ tdrf  H                      H I
                                                                                             t,lcrtrSw-81 jzifh t,lc0ifaomf
                                                                                                              f                   H                        xdkYaMumifh OD;uHanmifonf ,if;           vuf&SdjzpfygaMumif;? xdkypönf;tay:
ypön;\ vuf&&ojl zpfaMumif; w&m;
        f        dS dS                       vc jzwfykdif;rsm;wGifvnf; ]]uH&ifbHk            vnf; atmifjrifrr&í w&m;½H;csKyfoYkd
                                                                                                                   I                  k            tdrftay:xyf\ vuf&Sdjzpfol [kwf                   &mZ0wfruif;aom ausmeif;rIukd usL;        f
½Hk;csKyfu tqHk;tjzwfay;aom pD&if            ausmif;toif; atmufxyf}}[k azmf                  usef&mZ0wf jyifqifrIudk qufvuf                        r[kwf pOf;pm;&ef&Sdonf/ OD;uHanmif               vGefygu aomhudkifxm;ol\ w&m;pGJ
xHk; ay:xGufcJhygonf/                        jyxm;onf/ toif;om;rsm; bk&m;                    wifoGif;vmjcif; jzpfonf/                                                     d f
                                                                                                                                                   onf tcsif;jzpftrtay:xyf\ aomh                                k H
                                                                                                                                                                                                    qkjd cif;udc&rnfjzpfygaMumif;? owdjyK
       ,if;pD&ifxHk;rSm 1966 ckESpf? jref    &Sdckd;&efvmMuaomtcg OD;uHanmifu                      OD;vSodef;\ ynm&Sda&SUaeBuD; OD;                udk udkifaqmifxm;ol jzpfaMumif;ESifh             qifjcifMuyg&ef today;wifjytyfyg
rmEdkifiH w&m;pD&ifxHk;rsm;? pmrsufESm                  G hf
                                             aomhziay;í toif;om;rsm; tdray:          f       oufaiGu OD;vSodef;onf tcsif;jzpf                      ywfoufí tjiif;ryGm;ay/ ,cktrI                    onf/                 /             atmifEdkif (vufyHwef;)


 arSmfbDwGif trnfrodtrsKd;om;wpfOD;u                                                         62 vkdif;um;wkdufrI vlwpfOD;ao? c&D;onfav;OD;'Pf&m&
 aetdrftwGif;0ifa&mufí tdrf&Sifudk"m;jzifUxdk;owf                                            bkef;jrwf                                             jzifh ¤if;,mOfa&SU&Sd ,mOfarmif; odef;           aeNyD; ,mOfarmif;ñGefYaxG; (pHkprf;qJ)
                                                                                             &efukef? ZGef 21                                      xGef;0if; (56 ESpf)? '*Hkajrmufaeol              tay: ta&;,lay;&ef (,mOfrIppf)u
bkef;jrwf                                                                                           oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f? av;axmifh                           f
                                                                                                                                                   armif;ESivmaom AiftjzLa&mif tiSm;                w&m;vdkjyK wkdifwef;xm;aMumif; od&
&efukef? ZGef 21                                                                             uefvrf;twkdif; pHjyaps;bufrS b0                       ,mOfudk qufvufwkdufrd&m ,mOf                     onf/
            k f kd f               k f                  G        f
      &efuewi;a'oBuD;? &efue-jynfvrf;? (3)&yfuu?f arSmbND rdKUe,ftwGi;              f        jrifrwwibufoYkd armif;ESivmaom
                                                                                                 h S f dk f                f                           k         f D                 dk
                                                                                                                                                   oH;pD; ysup;cJNh yD; 63 ,mOfaemufvuf                  ¤if;trIESifh ywfoufí oCFef;
ü trnfrodtrsKd;om;wpfOD;u aetdrftwGif;0ifa&mufum tdrf&Sif trsKd;om;
                                                                                             5c^.... zlqkdtrsKd;tpm; c&D;onfwif                                D           k f l
                                                                                                                                                   oef;aZmfO;rSm vnfuyz;a&mif'Pf&m                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                    uRef; &Jpcef;u(y)377^12? yk'r 304
tm; "m;jzifhxdk;owfrIjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH&JwyfzGJUxHrS od&onf/
                                                                                             rxo 62 vkdif; armfawmf,mOfrS pHjy                     jzifh tcif;jzpfae&müyif aoqHk;oGm;cJh            (u)^338^202 jzifhtrIzGifhíjypfrIusL;
      jzpfpOfrSm ZGefv 9 &uf eHeuf1em&DcGJwGif a':cif0if;(c)a':0if;onf ¤if;\
                                                                                             aps;rSwfwkdifta&muf t&Sdefrxdef;Edkif                 NyD; c&D;onfav;OD;rSm 'Pf&mrsm;                  vGefoltm; zrf;qD;&rda&;pHkprf;vsuf&Sd
trsKd;om; 65 ESpfESifhtwlae tdrftdyfcef;wGif rsufESmcsif;qdkif ckwifwpfvHk;pDjzifh
                                                                                             bJ ,mOfqifhuJwkduf&mrS ,mOfaemuf                                      d         f f
                                                                                                                                                   toD;oD;&&Sum oCFe;uRe;pHjyaq;½Hk                 aMumif; od&onf/
     f h                k   f
tdyaecJaMumif;? xdpOf ½kww&ufcifye;jzpfo\atmfoaMumifh vefYE;NyD; cifye;
                                        G f    l          H           kd          G f
                                                                                             vduf aoqH;cJNh yD; c&D;onfrsm; 'Pf&m
                                                                                               k            k                                      ü twGif;vlem(rpkd;&drf&)tjzpf uko                                               bkef;jrwf
jzpfol&Sd&mae&modkY vSrf;Munhf&m touf 30 cefY&Sd trsKd;om;wpfOD; (pHkprf;qJ)u
cifyGef;jzpfoltm; vHk;axG;½dkufESufaeonfudk awGU&NyD;ywf0ef;usifodkY atmf[pf                 &&SdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
                          k
tultnDawmif;&m tqdygtrsK;om;rSm ¤if;xHoYkdajy;vmNyD; oHwwjf zifh ½duEuf
                                 d                                 k       k f S                                S f
                                                                                                    ,if;jzpfpOfrm ZGev 8 &uf eHeuf
í xGufajy;oGm;cJhaMumif;? ¤if;½dkufESufrIaMumifh a':cif0if;wGif 0Jbufem;xif                  10 em&DcGJcefYwGif c&D;onfwif rxo                           Yan Myo Naing Co. Ltd
zl;a&mif? atmufEIwfcrf; 'Pf&mrsm;&&SdcJhNyD; cifyGef;jzpfolrSm 0JbufeH½dk; jywf&S?           62 armf awmf,mOfonf pHjyaps; rSwf
                                                                                                                                                               f            f kd f                                         HS
                                                                                                                                                            uGeu&pf tkw½upuf? bdvyfajrarGpuf (a&mif;^iSm;) &if;ES;D jr§KyfErI tenf;i,fjzifU
aemufausmwGif "m;wef;vef;pdkuf0ifaeojzifh cifyGef;jzpfoltm; arSmfbDaq;½HkodkY                wkdifta&muf b&dwfaygufí t&Sdef
                                                                                             vGeum ¤if;a&SUrS ,mOfarmif; xGe;0if;
                                                                                                  f                           f
                                                                                                                                                     pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifjzpfap&ef enf;ynmESifU aps;uGufazmfaqmif&ef ulnDay;onf/
wifydkYcJh&m aq;½Hkta&mufwGif aoqHk;oGm;onf/ jypfrIusL;vGefol trnfrod
                                                                                                              f
                                                                                             atmif(36 ESp) omauwNrdKUe,faeol                         -   (219)? ol& (7) vrf;? awmifOuúvmpmwdkuf/ 01 562527
trsKd;om;tay: ta&;,lay;&ef a':cif0if;u w&m;vdkjyKwdkifwef;xm;aMumif;
                                                                                             armif;ESifvmonfh rxo 63 'kdifem                         -   Zkef (2) ywfvrf;? pufrIZkefblwmteD;? awmif'*Hk/ 09-73080524
od&onf/ txufygjzpfpOfESifhywfoufí arSmfbD&Jpcef;u(y)416^12? yk'fr
                                                                                             tpdrf;a&mif ,mOftm; aemufrS 0if                         -   &efukef-rEÅav; (vrf;a[mif;)? awmifjrifh/ 02 5153890
                h     G       I        f l                               k
302^325 jziftrIziNhf yD; jypfrusL;vGeotrsKd;om;tm; zrf;qD;&rda&; pHprf;vsuf
&SdaMumif; od&onf/                                                         bkef;jrwf         a&mufwur&m twkuc&onfh t&Sef
                                                                                                       dk f d       d f H       d                    -   09 73199410? 09 5188062? 09 73199257
  26          Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                            ENTERTAINMENT
   *RefeD'ufyfarmifESH vrf;cGJMuNyD
            2012 rSm Mum;&wJh aqG;jrnfhaw;oGm; wpfyk'fygyJ/
   14 ESpfeD;yg; cspfpHtdrfwpfck wnfaqmufcJhMuNyD; &ifaoG;
   ESpfOD;&&SdtNyD;rSmrS EIwfqufvrf;cGJMuwJh u&pfbD,H"m;jy
   Akdvf *RefeD'ufyfeJY twlaecspfol Aifeufqmyg&m'pöwdkY&JU
   owif;[m a&mif;&if;awGtwGufa&m y&dowfawGtwGuf
   yg pdwfydefp&mjzpfcJh&wmyJaygh/
            jyifopf rif;orD;acsm Aifeufqm 39 ESpfeJY rD*gpwm;
        f D             f          kH     f hJ
   *Ree'ufyf 49 ESpwYkd pwifqawGUuRr;0ifcwm [d;vGecwhJ   k f hJ
                                      k f             HS
   1998 umvrSmjzpfNyD; a[mvd0'&UJ a&TeYJ jr armifEpm&if;rSm
                                  S f        f D
   umv&SnMf umpGm avQmufvr;cJMh uol ESpO;[m tck ZGev         f
   rdk;pufawGMum;rSm wmhwm vkyfMuwmudkawmh a&pufukef
   vkdYyJvdkY em;vnfay;Mu&rSmyJaygh/ b,fvkdyJjzpfjzpfyg
   y&dowfawGuawmh olwdkYcspfwJhtEkynm&SifawG&JU r*Fvm
   owif;udkyJ Mum;csifjrifcsifaeMuwmyJ r[kwfygvm;/




                                                                     a[mvd0k'f
                                                                  0ifaiGtaumif;qHk;
                                                                                                       Fan Meeting eJh yGJqlaewJU
                                                                                                                                                  KARA
                                                                                                     tck&ufowåywf ygyg&mZDawGtBudKufawGUaewJh tvef;Z,m;tzGJUuawmh

                                                                  c&pöwif                        wjcm;tzGJU r[kwfygbl;/ Kamilia awGvdkY csmwdwfawG cspfpEkd; trnfay;xm;wJh
                                                                                                 KARA av;awGyJaygh/ NH Art Hall rSm usif;ywJh 'D KARA ewfrdr,fav;awG&JU


                                                                    pwD;0yf                       Fan Meeting [m y&dowf 500 eD;yg;eJY wu,f odkufNrdKufpnfum;cJhovkd
                                                                                                    a[mfvkd*pfwmudk,fpDeJY y&dowfauseyfatmif wD;cwfazsmfajzay;cJhwJh Un-
                                                                                                    plugged aw;oGm;awG[mvnf; rD'D,mawGtwGuf aumif;csD;ay;p&m jzpfcJh
                                                                  Twilight pwm;                     &ygw,f/ Dear Kamilia Show vdkY wcsKdUuzGMuwJh 'DawGUqHkyGJrSm KARA
                                                                  racsmav; bJvmqGrf;                         av;awG[m trSwfw& atmfwkdvufrSwfxkd;ay; "mwfyHktwlwGJ½dkuf
                                                                  wjzpfvJ c&pöwif;pwD;                           ay;eJY tvkyfawG ½IyfcJhwm[mvnf; *Dwy&dowfawGtwGuf

qkd*sDqyfeJhwGJaeol vDrD,Gef                                      0yf[m wpfESpfwm0ifaiG
                                                                  a':vm 35 oef;&SdcJhNyD;
                                                                  a[mvd0k'f&JU 0ifaiG
                                                                                                                  oabmawGUp&myJaygh/ b,fvkdyJjzpfjzpfyg/ KARA av;awG
                                                                                                                                    dk     k
                                                                                                                   wtm;vef;w,fqwmudawmhvufcMH u&rSmyJr[kwygvm;/    f

        tckaemufykdif; ygyg&mZD   trSwrxif "mwfy½uu;rd&m
                                        f          kH kd f l      taumif;qHk; rif;orD;
awG rsufpdusvmwJh tvef;           u t½IyfawmfyHkxJ arsmygoGm;     pm&if;rSm xdyfqHk;u
Z,m; rif;orD;acsmawGpm&if;        ol rdef;rvSav;toGifeJYvnf;      OD;aqmifEdkifcJhwmudk
rSm csmwdwfrav; vDrD,Gef          racsmav; vDrD,Gef vef;xm;       Radar u wckwfw&
vnf; xdyyi;uyg0ifvmw,f
               f kd f                      ygw,f/                 zGvmygw,f/
vdYk befaumufyYkdpu aumif;cs;
                      f       D                                   Forbes r*¾Zif;u
ay;vmwm taMumif;awmh &Sd                                          xkwfjyefcJhwJh Highest-
                                                                  Paid Actress List rSm
ygw,f/ tckESpfv,fydkif;rSm
                    h
½Ipm;Mu&r,fvQLUd 0Suonf;f                                         tvef;pwm;rav;                                                                          wpfom;arG;
zdZmwfum; Company Man
  k                                                               pwD;0yf yxrqHk;tBudrf                                                              wpfaoG;vSaeol
rSm "mwfyq&mracsmav;
            kH                                                    OD;aqmifcGifh&cJhwmjzpfNyD;
toGifeJY &ifckefMu&OD;
rSmudk BudKwifvufwYdk
vmjcif; jzpfovkd
                                                                  'kwd,ae&mrSm &yfwnfae
                                                                  olu 0ifaiG 34 oef;&Sdol
                                                                  csmvD&JU ewfrdr,f
                                                                                                                                             yifeDvdkYyfc½kZf
ESif;qDcdkif rif;                                                 uifr&Gef;'D,ufyJ jzpfyg
om; bwf                                                           w,f/ Bad Teacher
acsmtGef;                                                         Zmwfum;eJYtwl 'D,uf
eJYwGJzuf                                                         [m plygpwm;b0udk
yDjyifr,f                                                         xdef;xm;EkdifoljzpfNyD;                           pydef plygrif;om; a*sAD&mbm'ifeJY tdrfaxmifuscJhNyD; &ifaoG;
qkdwmudkyg                                                        wwd,ae&mrSmawmh                             OD;av; vD,kdem'kdudkarG;zGm;tNyD;rSm tvef;rif;orD;acsm yifeDvdkYyf
vufwYkdowif;                                                      0ifaiG 25 oef;&Sdol                         c½kZf[m ½dkufuGif;bufudk ajcOD;jyefvSnfhvmygNyDvdkY Sugar u
OD;ay;vmjcif;yJ jzpf                                              qef'&mbl;avmhcf &SdaeNyD;                   owif;aumif;yg;vmygw,f/ Barcelona Zmwfum;eJY atmfpum
ygw,f/                                                            rD*gpwm; *sKdvDuawmh                        a&Tpifqk &,lEdkifcJhol pydefewfrdr,f[m tck plyg'g½dkufwmwpfOD;
    Seat of the North-                                            0ifaiG 24 oef;eJY                           jzpfol &pf'avpaumh (Robin Hood) eJYvufwNJG yD; vQKdU0Suonf;zdk
                                                                                                                                                                         f
ern Zmwfvrf;wGJ½dkuful;                                           pwkw¬ae&mudk wifay;                         Zmwfum;opf The Counsellor rSm xdwfxdwfBuJawGjzpfwJh b&uf
zdkY a[mifaumif a&muf&Sd                                          vkduf&ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh                      ypf? uifr&Gef;'D,ufwdkYeJY vef;xm;wmudkvnf; Sugar u zGvm
aeol qkd*sDqyfudk aMu;                                            vnf; a[mvd0k'f                              jcif;jzpfygw,f/ pydef 0ifaiGtaumif;qHk;aiGMu,fyGifh pm&if;rSm
pm;vlowform;toGif                                                 tvef;qHk; ESif;qDeDvdkY                     yg0ifol yifeDvdkYyf b,favmufvef;ao;vJqdkwmudkvnf; &ifckef
eJY yDyjD yifjyif ½Ipm;&rSm                                       c&pöwifpwD;0yf udk                          cHpm;cGifh&OD;rSmygvdkY Sugar u uGefYvmygw,f/ The Counsellor
jzpfNyD; vlowfrI wpfckukd                                         wifpm;aeMujcif;yJaygh/                      udk apmifharQmf&if; ..... /
ARTICLE                                                                                                                                                          Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       27


trSefwu,f cGJjcm;qufqHcH&aomtcg . . .
a'gufwmxGef;0if;
                               d              d f
           qufqjH cif;qkwmudk t*Fvybmompum;eJY Discrimination vkac:ygw,f/ vlvcsi;cGjJ cm;qufqzYdk roifb;
                                                                           Yd         l l f        H   h l
 cGJjcm;   qkdNyD; zGGHUNzdK;NyD;EdkifiHrsm;u vlrIa&;ynm&Sifrsm;u us,fus,favmifavmif atmfMu[pfMuygw,f/

usm;? rcGJjcm;qufqHjcif;iSm                   [m vlrnf;wpfOD;yg/ tom;ta&mif                        HIV       ykd;&SdolawG? rdef;rvsmawG?
rxkduf[k qdkMuonf                                              H
                                              cGjJ cm;qufqrI tvGeusOf;ajrmif;oGm;
                                                                         f                               f
                                                                                              a,musm;vsmawGukd cGjJ cm;qufqjH cif;
       urÇmay:u EkdifiHwcsKdUrSm trsKd;                                       k f H S
                                              ygNyD/ uRefawmfwYkd jrefrmEdiirmawmh            rjyKjcif; rl0g'csrSwfjcif; (Non-Dis-
orD;awG[m cGjJ cm;qufqjH cif;cH&w,f           jrefrmtm;vHk;vkdvkd[m Oa&my vljzL               crimination Policy) [m zGHUNzdK;jcif;
       k               k f H
vdYk qdygw,f/ wcsKdUEdiiawGrm trsKd;
                                  S           r[kwfvdkY uRefawmfuawmh tom;                                              k f
                                                                                              Development &JU p½duvu©Pmwpfck
orD;awG[m rJqE´ay;ydicihf r&Sb;vdYk
                          k f G d l           ta&mifcGJjcm;wm rBuHKzl;ygbl;/ tqdk             jzpfygw,f/ uRefawmf[m eHeufapm
qkdygw,f/                                     ausmf aZmf0rf; oDqkdwJh ]]ndKacsmav;            apm usef;rma&;twGuf vrf;avQmuf
       uRefawmfwdkY jrefrmEdkifiHrSmawmh                               d
                                              &,f ,Ofygw,f}} qkwhJ oDcsif;pmom;               xGufavh&SdvdkY vrf;avQmufaps;onf
     d
trsK;orD;awG[m cGjJ cm;qufqjH cif;cH&         udk Mum;zl;vdYk tom;ndKwJh rde;uav; f           rsm; Oyrm-yJjyKwfonftcsKdUeJYrsufre;   S f
vm;rcH&vm; wdwdusus okawoe                    awGvnf; wefzdk;xm;wm cHcJh&zl;yg                wef;rdygw,f/ wpfaeYawmh vufzuf
vkyfxm;wm&,fvdkY r&Sdojzifh wdwd              w,f/                                            &nfqkdifeJY wGJxm;wJh rkefY[if;cg;qkdif
ususajym&efawmh cufygw,f/ 'gay                       tqkausmtBhH uD;oDqwhJ ]a&Trif;*H}
                                                             d f           dk                        k S        f
                                                                                              wpfcrmuReawmfvufzuf&nfaomuf
r,fh uRefawmfh oli,fcsif;awGxJrSm             oDcsif;rSmawmh ]]rif;*HwdkY&Gmolrsm;tzdkY       aepOf yJjyKwfonfwpfOD; rkefY[if;cg;
rdef;raMumuf&ol (r,m;aMumufrsm;)              awmh tom;awmfjzL0if;vdkY 0g0g&D&Tif?            pm;&ef a&mufvmygw,f/ ¤if; yJjyKwf
                     d
awmfawmfrsm;rsm; &Sygw,f/ uReawmf      f      MunfMunfvifvif}}qdkNyD; oDukH;cJhvdkY           onf[m 0,fol Customer jzpfaomf
udk,fwkdifvnf; wpfcgwpf&H rdef;r              tom;jzLwJh rdef;uav;awGvnf;                     vnf; &J&J0Hh0HheJY pm;yGJukvm;xdkifay:rSm
aMumufrygonf/ uReawmfwYkdrom;pk
          d             f            d                kd            hJ
                                              wefz;xm;wm cHc&zl;ygw,f/ tom;                   rxkdifbl;/ yJjyKwfawmif;av;ab;cs
rSmawmh trsKd;orD;rsm;ukd cGjJ cm;ESrcsNyD;
                                    d hf                         dk
                                              ta&mif cGjJ cm;rIqwm[m uRefawmfwYkd             NyD; rkefY[if;cg;wpfyGJrSmNyD; acsmifwpf
qufqHwJhjyóem r&Sdygbl;/                                 k f H
                                              jrefrmEdiitwGujf yóemwpfcr[kwf        k         acsmifrSm rwfwwf&yfpm;NyD; cyfoGuf
                                              bl;vdkY xifygw,f/                               oGuf jyefxGufoGm;ygw,f/ uRefawmf
tcsKdUu tom;ta&mifudk                                                                         uvnf; Customer yJjyKwfonfvnf;
taMumif;jyKí cGJjcm;qufqH&ef                  wcsKdUu HIV ydk;&SdolawGukd                     Customer jzpfaomfvnf; uRefawmf
roifhbl;vkYd qdkygw,f                                               H
                                              cGjJ cm;qufq&efroifb;vdYk        h l            wkdYeJYtwl wef;wlrxdkif&Jyg/ ,cif
                     d f
      urÇmay:rSm orki;udjk yefMunh&if
                                  f                k
                                              qdygw,f                                         twdwfwkef;uolYudk b,folawGESdrfhcs
vGecwEpaygif; 200 ausmfu tom;
    f hJ hJ S f                                                       k f           S
                                                     zGUH NzdK;NyD; EdiiBH uD;awGrmawmh HIV   qufqHcJhovJ uRefawmfrodygbl;/
ta&mif cGjJ cm;qH;vkywEii[m tar
                 k f hJ kd f H                ykd;&SdolawGudk olwdkYwm0efxrf;aqmif                         f
                                                                                              wpfcgwke;uawmh uRefawmfwYdk vifr
                                                                                              ,m;[m&yfuuxu bke;BuD;ausmif;
                                                                                                                  G f J       f            &ifoludkajymvkdY qkdw,f/ uRefawmfu               tusihfysufjcpm;ol r[kwfbl;? ig;yg;
&duefEiiyg/ tJ'we;u vljzLawGu
         kd f H   D k f                       Edkif&ef tvkyfcefYygw,f/ zGHUNzdK;qJEdkifiH
                                                                                              wpfck&JU "r®m½HkrSm vl 200 avmufudk          yef;uefaq;cdkif;zkdY zdwfwmr[kwfbl;?             oDvvHkw,f/
eD*½dk; vlrnf;awGudk aiG0,fuReftjzpf          u ukrPawGuawmh HIV yd;&SoawG
                                                           Ü D                        k d l
                                                                                              zdwfNyD; rkefY[if;cg;auR; tvSLvkyfyg         pm;zdkYzdwfwm? yef;uefaq;r,fh vlu                                           k kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                  'gaMumifh ½d½aoaoqufqw,f                          H
qufqHMuw,f/                                   udk ay:ay:xifxif tvkycefY&ovm;       f J
                                                                                              w,f/ &yfuGufxJu qkdufum;orm;?                pDpOfNyD;om;ygvdkY ajymcJhygw,f/ 'gay            vdkY &Sif;jycJhygw,f/ uRefawmf[m ol
      odkYaomf tom;ta&mifcGJjcm;rIudk         qkkdwm okawoevkyfxm;wm&,fvkdY
                                                                                              vrf;ab;aps;onf? yJjyKwfonfwdkYudk            r,fh tJ'D qkdufum;orm;&JUZeD;u                   awmif;pm;rBuD; wpfOD;&JU ajr;oruf
jywfjywfom;om; wkdufzsufvdkufol               r&Sdygbl;/ okdYaomf tcsKdU HIV um
                                                                                              vnf; zdwfygw,f/ qkdufum;orm;                 tvSLvkyfwJhaeYrSm ukyfacsmif; ukyf                               dk
                                                                                                                                                                                            jzpfw,fqwmud,ckvwi;odjynfod  k         kd kd f
or®wBuD; vifuGef; qdkwm[mvnf;                 uG,fa&; pDrHudef;awGuawmh HIV ydk;
                                                                                              wpfOD;&JU ZeD;onfu vmajymwmu                 acsmif;eJY a&mufvmNyD; pm;yGJukvm;               aqmif;yg;a&;vdkY uRefawmfhukd,fuRef
tar&duefor®wBuD;yJ jzpfaeygw,f/               &SdolawGukd tvkyfavQmufvTmwifzdkY
                                                                                              awmh tvSLyGJrSm yef;uefaq;zdkY vlvkd         xdkifeJY xkdifrpm;bJ axmifhwaxmifhrSm            awmf odrfi,fw,fvdkY rcHpm;&ygbl;/
,ckawmh tar&duefor®w tdbm;rm;  k              tm;ay;ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                           oGm;pm;ygw,f/ NyD;awmh yef;uefaq;                      olawmif;pm;ukd cGJjcm;qufqH&ef
                                                                                                                                           ygawmhw,f/ rvkyfeJYajymvnf; r&                   roifhygbl;/ olawmif;pm;wkdY okb
                                                                                                                                           yg/ olwkdYukdb,fol cGJjcm;qufqHcJhvJ                          dk
                                                                                                                                                                                            &mZmwdYk qwm ig;yg;oDvvk&if or®m                    H
                                                                                                                                           uRefawmf rodyg/                                  tmZD0vkyfwJh olawmfaumif;awGyg/
                                                                                                                                                  uRefawmf[m b0rSm tdrfaxmif                awmif;pm;wm tjypfr[kwfyg/ cdk;pm;
                                                                                                                                               k           h l        dS d f
                                                                                                                                           oH;qufuscJz;NyD; vuf&traxmif eJY                 wmom tjypfjzpfygw,f/
                                                                                                                                           td r f a xmif u swm q,f E S p f & S d y gNyD /         trSefwu,f cGJjcm;qufqHoifh
                                                                                                                                           tdrfaxmifuscgp ZeD;onfuajymwm                    wJh olawGu vlrkdufawG jzpfygw,f/
                                                                                                                                           uawmh olr&JUbGm;bGm;BuD; (rdcif\                         h
                                                                                                                                                                                            tusifysufjcpm;wm vlruwpfrsKd;yg/            dk f
                                                                                                                                           tar)u touf 40 rSm rkqkd;rjzpfNyD;                jrwfpGmbk&m;uvnf; ]]tmao0emp
                                                                                                                                                   f           k f
                                                                                                                                           rvkywwfrudiwwfeYJ b0ukd yifyef;                  AmveH}} vlrkdufwdkYudk a&SmifMuOf&m\
                                                                                                                                           BuD;pGm ½kef;uefcJh&w,fvdkY qkdygw,f/            vdkY a[mcJhygw,f/
                                                                                                                                           tJ'DbGm;bGm;BuD;&JU b0tpdwftykdif;                     'gaMumifh HIV yk;&SoawG? tm;EGUJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               d d l
                                                                                                                                           wpfckrSm pdwfusef;rma&; csKdU,Gif;vkdY             h d f
                                                                                                                                                                                            wJre;rom;? tom;ta&mif eufarSmif
                                                                                                                                                         k
                                                                                                                                           umvwpfctxdawmif;&rf;pm;aomuf                     olawGukd cGjJ cm;qufq&efroifygbl;/   H                h
                                                                                                                                           cJh&w,fvdkY qdkygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY                                        k l
                                                                                                                                                                                                  oDvrvHoawG? tusiysujf cpm;                 hf
                                                                                                                                           tdrfaxmifusawmh olawmif;pm;vkyf                  olawG? bezl; odkufwl;r,fholawG?
                                                                                                                                           cJhzl;wJh bGm;bGm;BuD;rqHk;ao;yg/ bGm;           b,folaoao iawrm&ifNyD;a&mqkd
                                                                                                                                           bGm;BuD;ukd uRefawmfu ½dk½dkaoao                                      J dk f l
                                                                                                                                                                                            wJh 'óepGuioawGuawmh taygif;             kd
                                                                                                                                           qufqHygw,f/                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                            toif;rdwaqGvyzYdkroifb;vdYk ,lqk f            h l
                                                                                                                                                  uRefawmfu ZeD;onfukd ajymjycJh            xifjrifrdygaMumif;/ /
                                                                                                                                           wmuawmh olawmif;pm;[m olcdk;
                                                                                                                                           xuf j rwf w ,f / ol a wmif ; pm;[m                                                   a'gufwmxGef;0if;
   28                Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                        INTERNATIONAL
Nidrf;csrf;a&;twGuf EsLtpDtpOfvkyfwm[kqdkol tD&efor®w
tmruf'DeD*sufudk vSrf;MunfUjcif;
rmefopfEdk;
         EdkifiH&JU or®wjzpfol rmrGwftmruf'DeD*suf (Mahmoud Ahmadinejad) [m tD&eftpövr®pf or®wEdkifiH
 tD&ef                                                                     dS
         (Islamic Republic of Iran) &JU q|rajrmufor®wvnf;jzpfovdk vuf&wm0efxrf;aqmifaeqJ or®wvnf;
jzpfygw,f/ 'ghtjyif rmrGwftmruf'DeD*suf[m tD&efEdkifiH&JU uGefqmaA;wpf EkdifiHa&;tkyfpkrsm; ñGefYaygif;tzGJUjzpfwJh
        f D dk f              l
]tpövr®pt&efEiiH xlaxmiforsm;r[mrdw}f (Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran) tzGUJ &JU t"duEdiia&;acgif;aqmif
                                                                                             k f H
wpfOD;vnf; jzpfygw,f/
        tajccHqif;&Jom;b0rS vmcJhwJh                      tjiif;yGm;rIawG tus,ftus,f rNidr;   f                 aemufrSm tmruf'DeD*suf[m tiftm;
tif*sifeD,mwpfOD;vnf;jzpf? ausmif;                        zG,fjzpfcJhao;w,fav/ NyD;awmh jynf                    jznfhwif;a&;tzGJU½Hk;&JU tzGJU0ifwpfOD;
q&mwpfOD;vnf;jzpfol ]tmruf'DeD                            wGif;rSm uefYuGufqE´jyyGJawGvnf;                      jzpfvmcJhygw,f/
*suf} [m tpövr®pfawmfvSefa&; (Is-                         awmrD;vdk ysHUESHYoGm;wmuvm;/ EdkifiH                       1980 ckESpf0ef;usifrSm taemuf
lamic Revolution) jzpfym;NyD;aemufrm G                S   wum jypfwifa0zefoHawGMum;rSm                                      k f       k S d
                                                                                                                tZm bdi*sef pD&ifprm&SwhJ rmuleYJ cdtD   k
tiftm;jznfhwif;a&;tzGJU½Hk;udk 0if                        rsufESmajymifwdkuf&JwJh jyóempdefyg/                  ESpfNrdKUvHk;twGuf ta&G;taumufrcH                          JG     f G f hJ
                                                                                                                                                               rsm;ta&G;cHyuae Ekwxucygw,f/                  tpdk;&[m tD&efodyÜHynm&Sifrsm;pGmeJY
a&mufcJhygw,f/ pD&ifpktkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;                                                                          &wJh tkycsKyfa&;rSL;csKyftjzpf yxrqH;
                                                                                                                             f                             k                                                            kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             wuúovygarmu©rsm;pGmudk Ekwxuf                f G
tjzpf cefYxm;cH&wJh olYudk or®w rdk                       tapmydkif;b0                                          EdkifiHa&;½Hk;xdkifvkyfcJh&ygw,f/ tJ'D         2005 rJqG,fpnf;½Hk;a&;                        cdkif;cJhMuygw,f/ 'kwd,tBudrf ,Of
[mrufcgwmrD (Mohammad Khata-                                    ]tmruf'DeD*suf} udk 1956 ckESpf                 aemufrm um'Dpwefp&ifpk tkycsKyfa&;
                                                                                                                          S               D        f                 wD[D&efNrdKUawmf0ef vkyfcJhwmu          aus;rIawmfvSefa&;vdkY &nfñTef;cJhyg
mi) a&G;aumufwifajr§mufc&NyD;csderm        H        f S   atmufwbmv 28 &ufaeYrm qrfeef
                                                                      kd                          S             rSL;csKyf&JU tBuHay;wpfOD;tjzpf ESpfESpf       vGJ&if ol or®wa&G;aumufyGJ0ifr,f              w,f/ 2006 ckESpf Edk0ifbmvrSmawmh
z,f&Sm;cHvdkuf&wmrdkY ol pmoifMum;                        (Semnan) pD&ifpk? tm&'ef (Aradan)                     Mumatmif wm0ef x rf ; aqmif c J h y g          qdkawmh olYudkodwJhvl odyfr&SdcJhygbl;/       tD&ef odyÜHESifhenf;ynmwuúodkvfu
    h
wJtvkyciqyjJ yefom;&ygawmhw,f/
              f G f D           G                         aus;&Gm? *rfqm (Garmsar) teD;rSm                      w,f/ wD[D&efNrdKUrSm a'gufwmbGJU               olYtay: t"duEdkifiHa&;axmufcHol               ae ygarmu© 53 OD; tNidrf;pm;,lcJhMu
        2003 ckESpfrSmawmh wD[D&efNrdKU                   arG;zGm;cJhwmyg/ olYzcif ]tmruf}[m                    twGuf vHk;yef;aecsdefrSm tm'gbDvf                                     f D kd f
                                                                                                                                                               awG[m ]tpövr®pt&efEiiH xlaxmif                ygw,f/ tJ'Dae&mrSm vli,fawGeJY
aumifptzGUJ u olYukd NrdKUawmf0eftjzpf
          D                                               oHrPdvyom;? aps;onf? qHoq&m?
                                                                     k f                                        pD&ifp&UJ tkycsKya&;rSL;csKytjzpf cefYtyfcH
                                                                                                                        k       f f         f                  olrsm; r[mrdwftzGJU} twGif;rSmyJ&Sdyg         tpm;xdk;cJhygw,f/
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcJhygw,f/ ol                           yef;yJq&m? ul&ftmefoifay;wJh bm                       &wm[m 1993 ckESpfuae or®w                      w,f/ xdyfwef;acgif;aqmif tvDcg                             D S f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tJ'EprmyJ wuúov0ifwef; pmkd f
NrdKUawmf0efjzpfvmcsdefrSm olYt&ifu                       oma&; &SD;,mhq&mwpfOD; jzpfcJhyg                      rd[mrufcgwmrDu olYuz,f&m;vduf
                                                                                                                  k                           kd     S k       areD (Ali Khamenei) xH u vnf ;                ar;yGJatmifwJh rdef;uav; 50 &mcdkif
tpGef;ra&muf aysmhaysmif;wJh NrdKUawmf                    w,f/ olYrcif]cgEGr}f uawmh tpövr®pf
                                                                           d                                    vdkY pmoifcef;jyef0if&wJh 1997 ckESpf                        H
                                                                                                                                                               axmufcwhJ tultnD&cJygao;w,f/     h            EIef;? a,mufsm;av; 50 &mcdkifEIef;udk
0efawG&JU jyKjyifajymif;vJrIawGudk qefY                   wrefawmf rl[r®uf&JU wdkuf½dkufaoG;                    txdygyJ/                                       olY&JU rJqG,fpnf;½Hk;a&; aqmifyk'fu           om aq;wuúodkvf? oGm;bufqdkif&m
      f
usibufjyK&if; bmoma&;eJYywfouf                            om;awmfpyfvmwJh om;pOfajr;quf                                                                        awmh ]jzpfEdkifw,f? wkdYwpfawGvkyfEdkif       eJY aq;0g;uRrf;usifrSm avQmufcGifhjyK
&if rmausmwJhpnf;udk eif;cJhygw,f/                        awGvdkY ,HkMunfolawGtay: *kPfjyK                                 Y
                                                                                                                wD[D&efNrdKawmf0ef                             w,f} qdkwmygyJ/ olrJqG,fpnf;½Hk;wJh           cJygw,f/ wuúovawGrm ausmif;ol
                                                                                                                                                                                                               h                    kd f         S
]tpövr®pf tD&efEkdifiHxlaxmifolrsm;                       csD;ajr§mufwJhtrnfay;&ol ]aqa,'D}                               c&pfESpf 2003 ckESpfrSm ]wD[D&ef     tcgrSm olY&JU udk,fydkif½dk;½dk;ukyfukyf      ta&twGufavQmhcszdkY &nf&G,fwJh pDrH
tzGJU}u taxmuftyHh jyKxm;wm                               wpfa,muff jzpfygw,f/ tmruf'DeD                        NrdKUawmfaumifp}D uae tmruf'e*suf      D D     b0av;udk tav;teufxm;azmfjyNyD;                udef;yg/
aMumifh ]tmruf'DeD*suf}&JU 2005 ckESpf                    *suf&JUzcif[m awmqefwJhemrnfu                         udk NrdKUawmf0eftjzpf cefYtyfcJhygw,f/                   kd f H     d
                                                                                                                                                               tD&efEii&UJ 'kw,ajrmufor®wjzpfchJ                     2006 ckESpf {NyDvrSmawmh tD&ef
or®wrJq,pnf;½H;a&;[m atmifjrif
                 G f         k                            vlaerItqiferwmudk azmfñe;aewm
                                                                                h d hf              T f         ol NrdKUawmf0efjzpfvmcsdefrSm olYa&SUu         ol ]rdk[r®uftvD&mZdkif} (Mohammad               k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Edii[m EsLuvD;,m;avmifpmqDo;pGJ                  kH
cJh&w,f/ a&G;aumufyGJ rJta&twGuf                          aMumifh rdom;pk[m wD[D&efNrdKUudk                                              h
                                                                                                                oabmxm;aysmaysmif;NyD; jyKjyifajymif;          Ali Rajai) eJY olYudk,fol EdIif;NyD;ajymcJh   vnfywfa&;twGuoifawmfwtqifh f h            hJ
&JU 62 &mcdkifEIef;udk ol&cJhNyD; 2005                    ajymif;a&TUcsdefrSm cGJjcm;qufqHcH&rSmpdk;            vJa&;0g'D NrdKUawmf0efawG vkyfcJhwJh           ygw,f/                                                             H
                                                                                                                                                                                                             tjzpf ,la&eD,ukd atmifatmifjrifjrif
ckESpf Mo*kwfv 3 &ufaeYrSm or®w                           vdkY tmruf'DeD*suf av;ESpfom;t&G,f                    tajymif;tvJawGudk qefYusifbuf                                          kd f H S
                                                                                                                                                                     ol[m tD&efEiirm ]urÇmjh ynfol           oefYpifEdkifcJhNyDvdkY tmruf'DeD*sufu
jzpfvmcJhygw,f/                                           rSm rlvemrnfjzpfwJh ]qabmfZD,ef}?                     vkyfcJhygw,f/ olodcJhzl;wJh ,Ofaus;rI          awGtwGuf erlemjyp&m tpdk;&tzGJU}              xkwfjyefaMunmcJhygw,f/ tD&ef&JU
        tJ'g[m olY&JU or®w wm0ef                          odkYr[kwf ]qmbm*sD,ef} emrnfuae                       udp&yfawGtay:rSm bmoma&;tav;
                                                                                                                      ö                                        udk zefwD;zdkY pDpOfxm;aMumif; tmruf          EsLuvD;,m;tpDtpOfqdkwm Nidrf;csrf;
yxroufwrf; tpyg/ olY&JU or®w                              jyefajymif;cJhygw,f/ rl[r®uftwGuf                     uJrIawGeJY uGyfn§yfcJhygw,f/ jrLeDpD           'DeD*sufu ajymcJhzl;ygw,f/                                  G f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             a&;&nf&,csutwGuvYkdvnf; olu    f
wm0ef 'kw,oufwrf;uawmh 2013
                  d                                       ay;wJh emrnfawGxJu wpfckjzpfwJh                       y,f½Hk;awGrSm trsKd;om;eJY trsKd;orD;                'DvdkeJY NydKifbufjzpfol ]tuúbm         qdkygw,f/
ckESpf Mo*kwfv 3 &ufaeYusrS ukefqHk;                      tmrufvrsKd;xHu qif;oufvmolvYkd
                                                                         l                                      "mwfavSum; cGJjcm;pD;eif;zdkYvnf; vl                 D D
                                                                                                                                                               [m&Sr&mzfqef*smeD} (Akbar Hashemi                     2008 ckESpfu tifwmAsL;wpfck
&rSmyg/ vuf&Sd tD&efzGJUpnf;yHktajccH                            Ü
                                                          t"dym,f&wJtrnfukd tmruf'e*suf
                                                                                 h                        D D         S             f hJ
                                                                                                                od&iMf um;vkycygw,f/ tD&ef-tD&wf               Rafsanjani) tay: rJta&twGuf 62                rSmawmh EsLuvD;,m;vufeufawG
Oya't&awmh aemufxyfwpfBudrf                               twGuf a&G;cs,fay;cJhygowJh/                           ppfyGJwkef;u aoqHk;cJholawGudkvnf;             &mcdkifEIef;eJY tEdkif&cJhNyD; 2005 ckESpf    &atmifBudK;yrf;aewJh wdkif;jynfawG
                            H S
or®wtjzpf xyfr,ONf ydKifcihf r&Sawmh        G d                 1976 ckESpfrSm tD&efEdkifiH&JU trsKd;           wD[D&efNrdKU&Sd t"duNrdKUawmfyef;jcHxJ         Mo*kwfv 3 &ufaeYrSm tD&efEdkifiH              [m EkdifiHa&;t& wdk;wufwJhwdkif;jynf
ygbl;/                                                    om; wuúodkvf0ifwef;udk olatmifcJh                     rSm jr§KyfESHzdkY tBuHjyKcJhygw,f/ qif;&J      or®w jzpfcJh&ygw,f/                           awG r[kwfMuygbl;/ EsLuvD;,m;AHk;
        wu,fawmh or®w ]tmruf'DeD                          ygw,f/ olYu,a&;tw¬KyÜwt& tJ'D
                                                                                   kd f              då         om;awGtwGuf pGwfjyKwf tcrJhwdkuf                                                             awGvkyfNyD; ydkifqdkifaewJh wdkif;jynfawG
*suf} [m tD&efEdkifiHtwGif;a&m EdkifiH                    ESpfu yg0ifajzqdkol av;odef;teuf                      auR;a&;vdkrsKd; pGefYBuJvSL'gef;rIrsKd;        2009 a&G;aumufyGJ                             [m acwfawmifaemufusaeMuNyDvdkY
wumrSmyg txifu& jyóempdef                                 urS tqifh 132 csdwfcJhygw,f/ rsm;                     vnf; tmruf'DeD*sufu tav;xm;                            2008 ckESpf Mo*kwfv 23 &ufaeY                       D D            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                             tmruf'e*sufuajymcJygw,f/ tD&ef
wpfa,mufygyJ/ pD;yGm;a&;ysu,i;ae              f G f       rMumrDrSmyJ tD&efodyÜHESifh enf;ynm                   vkyfaqmifcJhygw,f/                             rSm bmoma&;xdyfwef;acgif;aqmif                EkdifiH[m Nidrf;csrf;a&;toGifaqmifwJh
rIaMumifa&m? vlYtcGita&;udvspvsL
            h                     hf         k f          wuúodkvf (IUST) rSm NrdKUjytif*sifeD;                           or®wtjzpf a&G;aumuf wif              ]tvDcgareD}u aemuf or®wouf                    EsLuvD;,m;tpDtpOf jzpfxGef;a&;
½IwmaMumifhyg jynfwGif;rSm jypfwif                        ,m;&if;bGUJ BudKausmif;om;wpfO;tjzpf          D       ajr§mufcH&NyD;csdefrSm wD[D&efNrdKU&JU NrdKU   wrf;twGufvnf; tmruf'DeD*sufudk                                         G
                                                                                                                                                                                                             uae aemufjyefom;rSmr[kwaMumif;?         f
a0zefwmudk cHae&olyg/ tD&efEdkifiH&JU                     wufa&mufEdkifcJhygw,f/ tJ'Daemuf                      awmf0eftjzpf tmruf'DeD*suf&JU Ekwf             jrifw,f[k xkwfazmfaMunmcsufeJY                EsLuvD;,m;enf;ynmeJY ywfoufNyD;
avmifpmqDoHk;pGJrI avQmhcsa&;eJY yk*¾                     awmh wD[D&efNrdKUrSm&SdwJh tD&ef odyÜHESifh           xGufvTmudk 2005 ckESpf ZGefv 28 &uf            tnD 2009 ckESpf ZGefv 12 &ufaeY                              k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             tenf;qH; Nidr;csrf;a&;vkyief; 16 rsKd;f
vdueJYjynfoyibPfvyief; acsmarGU
                     l kd f            k f                enf;ynmwuúovuaeNyD; ]o,f,l    kd f                    aeYrm vufccMhJ uygw,f/ Ediia&;pef;
                                                                                                                        S         H              k f H         or®wa&G;aumufyGJrSm NydKifbuf ]rm&f           udk ,cktxd oufaojyNyD;jzpfaMumif;
apa&; awmif;cHwJhtwdk;EIef;awG jzwf                       ykdYaqmifa&; tif*sifeD,mtwwfESifh                     vm Zmwmwufaeol tmruf'DeD*suf                       k d f kd
                                                                                                                                                               [dperqmAD} (Mir-Hossein Mousavi)              or®wuajymcJhygao;w,f/
awmufa&;twGuf 2007 ckESpfwkef;u                           pDrHudef;ynm}eJY 1997 ckESpfrSm yD                    [m 2005 ckESpf ]urÇmhNrdKUawmf0efrsm;}         tay: rJta&twGuf 24527516 rJ                           2009 ckESpf atmufwdkbmvrSm
"mwfaiGU cGJwrf;pepfpDrHudef; (Gas                        tdwfcsf'D (a'gufwm)bGJU &cJhygw,f/                    pm&if; wifoGif;cJhMuol 550 teufrS                                    k f I f   H k
                                                                                                                                                               (62 'or 63 &mcdiEe;)eJY xyfrtEdif             awmh ukvor*¾rlMurf; wifjyxm;ol
Rationing Plan) udk pwiftaumif                            tJ'tcserm ol[m tD&efEiitaemuf
                                                               D d f S                       kd f H             aemufqHk; a&G;cs,fbuf 65 OD;xJrSm              &&SdcJhygw,f/ 'Da&G;aumufyGJ[m tD&ef          tar&duefjynfaxmifpk jyifopfEkdifiHeJY
txnfazmfcJhygao;w,f/ ]tD&efEdkifiH                        ajrmufbufrSm&SdwJh tm'gbDvf (Ar-                      wpfOD; tygt0ifjzpfcJhovdk xdyfwef;             EdkifiHrSm tpOftvmr&SdwJh a&G;aumuf           ½k&Sm;EdkifiHwdkYu tD&efEdkifiH&JU EsLuvD;
&JU EsLuvD;,m;pGrf;tif tpDtpOf} udk                                          kJ
                                                          dabil)pD&ifp&UNrdKUawmf0efjzpfaeygw,f/                10 OD;pm&if;xJrSm a'gifa'gifjrnf               yGJvdkY qdkMuygw,f/                           ,m; tpDtpOfudk udkifwG,fajz&Sif;vm
vnf; oluaxmufcHygw,f/                                                                                           oHk;OD;xJrSmvnf; olyg0ifcJhygw,f/                                                            Muygw,f/ tmruf'DeD*suf[m yl;
        2009 ckESpfwkef;u olY&JU 'kwd,                    tapmydkif;EdkifiHa&;aqmif&GufrI                       odYkaomfvnf; olYu,ol t&nftcsi;
                                                                                                                                           kd f            f   or®wb0 olhvuf&m
tBudrf or®woufwrf;[mvnf;                                        tpövr®pf awmfvSefa&; jzpfNyD;                   rrDolvdkYowfrSwfNyD; urÇmhNrdKUawmf0ef              2006 ckESpfrSm tmruf'DeD*suf                                                 Page-31
INTERNATIONAL                                                                                                                                                              Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       29

ygupöwef0efBuD;csKyfopfukd tdE´d, BudKqdk e,fpyfa'ota&;
tqHk;owfrnf[kqkd
e,l;a'vD? ZGef 23
                    kfH G            f     Y                     kd kd f           f            f kd f
                  Ediiwif 0efBuD;csKyopfceftyfcjhJ cif;tay: BudKqvuaMumif;ESihf tdre;D csi;f ESpEiiH
  ygupöwef                k f                               d                   d´
                  tMum;cdirmaom aygif;pnf;a&;twGuf rdr,MkH unfaMumif;jzifh tdE,0efBuD;csKyfu
xkwfazmfajymqkdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
       kfH
     Ediiawmf 0efBuD;csKyf topf          a0zefajymqkjd cif;ESihf 0efBuD;csKyf   &Gufa&;udk tm;jznfhNyD; tdrfeD;
tjzpf aomMumaeYu a&G;aumuf               &mxl;qufcHa&;trnfpm&if;                csif;aumif;yDyD aumif;rGefwJh
wifajrmufcHcJh&ol ygupöwef                     Gf
                                         wifoi;rnfh yxrqH; ud,pm; k k f         qufqHa&;udk wnfaqmuf zkYdeYJ
0efBuD;csKyf ]&m*smygaA; tm&S            vS,favmif;udk zrf;qD;xm;rI             ESpfOD;ESpfzuf aqG;aEG ; &mrS m
&mhzf} (Raja Pervez Ashraf)              tay: awmif;qkdjcif;wkdYudk tdE´d       wkd;wufrI&zdkY uRefawmfwdkY ESpf
onf EdkifiHa&; uaomif;ueif;                              S h
                                         ,u a&Smif&m;cJonf[qonf/   k dk           k f H             k f
                                                                                Ediiuqufvyyghr,f}}[k refrkd
jzpfrIukd tqHk;owf&efBudK;yrf;                    d´
                                              tdE,0efBuD;csKyf refr[ef  kd      [efqif;u qkdonf/
rnf[k qkdonf/                            qif;(Manmohan Singh) u                         1947 ckESpfwGifEdkifiHtjzpf
     rxDrJhjrif jyKvkyfonf[k             ygupöwef 0efBuD;csKyfopfudk            cGJxkwf uefYowfvkdufNyD;csdefrS
          J dk
w&m;pGqrjI zifh ,cif0efBuD;csKyf         *kPfjyKBudKqkdaMumif; aomMum           pí ppfyGJoHk;Budrf wkdufcdkufjzpf
        f      D
,lqmhza&Zm*sveD (Yousaf Raza             aeYwGif xkwfazmfajymqkdvkduf           yGm;cJhzl;aom tdE´d,EdkifiHESifh yg
Gilani) udkjzKwfcscJhonfh w&m;                       f kd f H k
                                         onf/ ]]ESpEiipvH;u jynfol              upöwefEiiwYkd tMum; qufqH
                                                                                             kd f H                     cdkufrnfh ygupöwefppfaoG;<u                                h
                                                                                                                                                                      tjynfjh zifqufqa&;rSm reD;pyf
                                                                                                                                                                                          H                   puúLtwkjyKvkyfrIESifh qkdufbm
olBuD;rsm;aMumifh ygupöwef               awG&JUtusKd;pD;yGm; twGufe,f           a&;udk e,fpyfa'otjiif;yGm;rI            rsm;&SdaMumif; pGyfpGJrIwdkYaMumifh           cJhay/ odkY&mwGif pD;yGm;a&;twl         &mZ0wfrIwdkufzsufa&;wdkYwGif
jynfwGif; y#dyu©jzpfrItay:               y,ftoD;oD;rSmyl;aygif; aqmif           ESihf tdE,Ediiukd qefYusiwuf
                                                                                          d´ k f H            f dk      'ku©a&mufcJh&onf[kqkdonf/                     wuG vkyfaqmifEkdifonfh arQmf            yl; aygif;aqmif&urI wd;jr§i&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              G f k hf
                                                                                                                             tqdkyg tdrfeD;csif;ESpfEdkifiH                h         h kf G f d
                                                                                                                                                                      vifcsujf zifueo,rI wk;wuf                   f dk f H k    h h
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ESpEiipvH;uNyD;cJonfv wGif
                                                                                                                        onf uuf&SfrD;,m;&Sd ydkif;jcm;                                            hf
                                                                                                                                                                      apa&;BudK;yrf;rIukd vrf;zGixm;          oabmwlxm;cJhonf[k od&
  tMurf;zufrI wkdufzsufa&;zGJYpnf;&ef tm½dk,dk                                                                          xm;onfh [dr0EÅme,fajrtay:
                                                                                                                        wGif rwnfhtwlaeouJhokdY &Sd
                                                                                                                                                                      vsuf&Sd onf[k qkdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                             odYk&mwGif tMurf;zufrI vl
                                                                                                                                                                                                              onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rmefopfEdk;
  om;trd Oya'rlMurf;wif                                                                                                 aeqJ jzpfonf/ Nidrf;csrf;a&;                  ukeful;rI? rl;,pfaq;0g;rI? aiG                Ref: The Times of India

   reDvm? ZGef 24
         zdvpfydkifEdkifiH\ ,cifor®w *vkd&D,mtm½dk,dkESifh ¤if;\om;ESifh Oya'jyKjzpfol 'dkiftkd'g'kd
   tm½kd,dkwdkYonf EdkifiHtwGif; o,f,lykdYaqmifa&;udpöwGif tMurf;zufwdkufcdkufrIrsm; wm;qD;
                                                                                                                          awmifukd&D;,m;ESifU uef yl;wGJppfa&;avUusiUf?
   Edkifa&;twGuf tpdk;&tzGJUopf\ zefwD;aqmif&GufrIukd wifjyrnfjzpfonf/
         ]]zdvpfydkif o,f,lykdYaqmifa&; vkHNcHKrItmPmykdif}}tzGJUudk azmfaqmif&ef &nf&G,faom
                                                                                                                          ajrmufudk&D;,m;?ukd csufcsif;wkhHjyefEdkif&ef[kqdk
   vTwfawmf Oya'rlMurf; trSwf 6225 udk ¤if;wdkYESpfOD; yl;wGJwifjycJhonf[kqkdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              um; zsuwuav,mOf? 'H;usnf                       k
         ]]rarQmfvifhxm;wJh ae&mawGeJY rarQmfvifhxm;wJhtcsdefawGrSm tMurf;zufrIawG jzpfEdkifw,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              rsm;? a&mhuufavmifcsmrsm;yg
   qdkwm EdkifiHwumvlYtzGJUtpnf;&JU tawGUtBuHKawGu azmfjyaeygw,f}}[k ,cifor®w\                                                                                                                                0ifonf[kod&onf/
                 k f dk d                           G         k hJ
   om;jzpfol 'dit'g'ku pme,fZif;xkwjf yefcsufwif ajymqdconf/ ]]trsm;jynfoyieYJ yk*vul dk f   ¾ d                                                                                                                           Mumoyaw;aeYESifh aom
   ykdif tkd;tdrftaqmufttHkawG ysufpD;cJhwm? toufawGqHk;½HI;cJh&wm tJ'gawG[m o,f,l                                                                                                                                              d G
                                                                                                                                                                                                              MumaeYwYkwif tar&duef? awmif
   ykdYaqmifa&;vkyfief;ay:rSm tMurf;zufcHcJh&w,fqkdwm urÇmBuD;u oufaocHaeygw,f}}[k                                                                                                                               d D                hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              uk&;,m;ESi*syefwYkdonf awmif
   ¤if;u xyfavmif;wifjycJhonf/                                                                                                                                                                                udk&D;,m; awmifbuf&Sd *sD*sK
         tqkdyg Oya'rlMurf;t& o,f,lykdYaqmifa&;ESifh qufoG,fa&;Xmeatmuf&Sd azmfjyyg                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              uRe;urf;vGea'owGif oD;jcm;    f
   at*sifpDonf tMurf;zufwkdufcdkufrI wm;qD;umuG,fa&;twGuf EdkifiHwpf0ef;vkH;&Sd jynfwGif;                                                                                                                     ppfa&;avhusifhrIudk jyKvkyfcJh
   avaMumif;? a&aMumif;? ukef;vrf;ESifh rD;&xm;wdkYtaejzifh trsKd;om;vHkNcHKa&;tpDtpOfrsm;udk                                                                                                                 aMumif;zsufoabFmrsm;? &du©m
   aygif;pnf;&rnf[k qkdonf/                                                 rmefopfEdk; Ref: ABS                                                                                                                      h
                                                                                                                                                                                                              jznfoabFmrsm;ESihf &[wf,mOf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              rsm; yg0ifaMumif;od&onf/ xdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                              uJhokdY ppfa&;avhusifhjcif;onf
                                                                                                                        qdk;vf? ZGef 24                               wif;rmrIt&Sdef jrihfwufaecsdef          ]]rqifcsifaom&efpjcif;}} om
  w½kwfa&,mOf t"r®0ifwkdufí zdvpfykdif                                                                                         uk&;,m;ppfyJGjzpfym;cJonfh
                                                                                                                                  dD
                                                                                                                        62 ESpfajrmuf ESpfywfvnf
                                                                                                                                                          G h         wGif jyKvkyfonfh tqkdyg yl;wGJ
                                                                                                                                                                      a&aMumif; ppfa&;avhusihfrI
                                                                                                                                                                                                              jzpfaMumif; ajrmufudk&D;,m;u
                                                                                                                                                                                                              vlod&SifMum; pGyfpGJajymqkdvdkuf

  wpfOD;ao? av;OD;aysmufqHk;                                                                                            tBudKtjzpf awmifudk&D;,m;
                                                                                                                        EdiiEihf tar&duefjynfaxmifpk
                                                                                                                          k f H S
                                                                                                                                                                      onf *syefyifv,f (ta&SUyif
                                                                                                                                                                      v,f) ESifh yifv,f0gwdkYwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                              onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           {NyDvwGif ajrmufu&;,m;          kd D
                                                                                                                        wkYd onf BuD;rm;onfa&aMumif; h                wpfvSnfhpD ESpfpOfjyKvkyfavh&Sd         \ ratmifjrifaom 'H;usnf ypf            k
reDvm? ZGef 24                                  w½kwfa&,mOf wpfpif;             OD;rSm z&ufqDvDEdk? tJef;*gqD           ppfa&; avhusifhrI wpf&yfudk                   onf[k qkdonf/                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              vTwrjI zpfNyD;aemufwif wif;rm            G
     NyD;cJhonfh ZGefv 20 &uf            onf ¤if;wdkY\ oabFmqD0if               ,m? 'dkrD'DvkdqefwdkESifh tmref         jyóem wif;rmaeonfh yif                               awmifu&;,m;ESihf tar&d
                                                                                                                                                                                          kd D                rIonf tjrifq;jzpfvmcJonf/    h kH               h
aeYwGif yef*gqDeef&Sd bkdvDem            wkdufcJhonf[k atmfya&wmqD              awwdkY jzpfEkdifonf[k od&               v,f0gtwGi;f paeaeYu pwifchJ                   uefwyfzUJG rsm;onf ajrmufu&;     dk D                ]],ckvkd yl;wGJppfa&;avh
                                                                                                                        onf[ajyma&;qkci&owpfO;
                                                                                                                                  k              d G hf dS l    D     ,m;\ wkucurwpfpwpf&m
                                                                                                                                                                                      d f dk f I    kH                 h
                                                                                                                                                                                                              usifw,fqwm[m ppfqifa&;   dk
tdkü w½kwfa&,mOfwpfpif;u                                  f dk d
                                         rSjyefMum;csuutqkyg oabFm              onf/
                                                                                                                        u xkwfazmfajymqkdvdkufonf/                    twGuf wHkYjyef&eftvdkYiSm prf;              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              pGr;&nfeYJ wduytoifpr;&nf   k f JG         h G f
zd v pf y k d i f o abF m ud k twif ;    ykdif&Sifu&&SdcJhonf[kqdkonf/                   aysmufqHk;aeaom wHig
                                                                                                                               xkduJhokdY ppfa&;avhusifhrI            oyfonfhtaejzifhtBuD;rm;qHk;             &atmif prf;oyfwmyJ jzpfyg
t"r®0if wkdufcJhonfhtwGuf?                              d
                                                c&pfpwkzm (Christopher)                        k S
                                                                                onfrsm;ud&mazG&ef u,fq,f                                                                                                      w,f/ ajrmufu&;,m;u wduf           kd D                 k
                                                                                                                                          kd D
                                                                                                                        wGif awmifu&;,m;ppfoabFm                                                 hf
                                                                                                                                                                      ypfcwfa&; avhusirI wpf&yfukd
         kd          d      D
zdvpfyif vlrsK;wpfO;aoqH;NyD;?       k   qkdolwpfOD;ukdom u,fwifEdkif           a&;aqmif&GufrIudk a&atmuf               10 pif;ESihf twl? trIxrf; 8000                vkyuiconf[qonf/
                                                                                                                                                                            f kd f hJ          k dk             k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              cduvm&ifcsucsi;wkYHjyefEipr;    f f               dk f G f
¤if;\ vkyfazmfudkifzufav;OD;             cJhaomfvnf; tDvdkudkqm aq;                          f
                                                                                wGijf yKvkyvsu&aMumif;? trsK;d
                                                                                                   f dS                 vduygEdionfhtar&duefa*sm*sf
                                                                                                                            k f kf                            h              ajrmufukd&D;,m; e,fpyf           twGufyg}}[k a&wyfAdkvfcsKyf
rSmvnf; aysmufq;vsu&onf  kH     f dS     ½HkwGiftqdkygyk*¾dKvf aoqHk;cJh        om; obm0ab;tEÅ&m,fus                    0g&Sifwefav,mOfwif oabFm                      teD; ykdcsD,Gef&Sd tqkdygppfa&;                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              yghwaqmifab;u aomMumaeY
[ktrsK;d om;obm0ab;tEÅ&m,f               aMumif;od&onf/ tjcm;oH;OD; k           a&mufrI avsmhenf;a&;ESifh pDrH          ESifh wdkufav,mOf &mESifhcsDí                 avhusifhrIwGif wyfzGJU0if 2000          wGif xkwfazmfajymqdkcJhonf/
                  I    h
usa&mufravsmenf;a&;ESihf pDrH            rSm*gb&DvmqDvef taxGaxG                      JG            D
                                                                                cefYca&;aumifpu qkonf/  d               yg0ifonf[k umuG,a&;0efBu;      f          D      hf             f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                      ESitwl *suwuav,mOfrsm;?
cefYcGJa&;aumifpDu xkwfazmf              aq;½HkBuD;wGif ukocH,laeqJ                                       rmefopfEdk;   Xmeu aMunmcJonf/       h                      wifhum;rsm;? tygcsD wkdufcdkuf                                                     rmefopfEdk;
ajymMum; vkdufonf/                                             kH
                                         jzpfonf/ aysmufq;aeol av;                                      Ret: ABS               ukd&D;,m; uRef;qG,fwGif                a&; &[wf,mOfrsm;? A-10 wifh                                                      Ref: AP
  30                           INTERNATIONAL
                Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday




yg&ma*G; txufvTwfawmfu or®w vl*dk ukd tjypf&SdaMumif;
w&m;pGJ z,f&Sm;
tqGef&Sef (yg&ma*G;)? ZGef 24                                                                                                                     aMumif; ppfaq;pD&ifrIudk jypf
             Ekii\ txufvwawmfonf jrefqefonfh pGypJG
               d f H            T f                        f                                                                                      wif ½IwfcsaMumif;? or®wudk
 yg&ma*G;    jypfwifpD&ifcsufjzifh yg&ma*G;or®w ]zmeef'kdvl*kd}                                                                                   axmufcHtm;ay;aMumif; vrf;
(Fernando Lugo) udk or®w½H;rS aomMumaeYwif z,f&m;vkuf
                              k                  G  S d                                                                                           ay:xGuf qE´jycJMh uonf/ tp
                           kd           d f kd f hJ
aMumif;od&onf/ ol[m 'Drua&pDukd wkucuwtwGuf jzKwfcs                                                                                               yxrwGif tqkdygppfaq;pD&if                      k
                                                                                                                                                                                          &efueNf rdKU awmifOuúvmy
&&ifawmifrS &mxl;uz,f&m;&rSmygyJ[k ,cifu c&pf,mefbe;f BuD;
                         S                            k                                                                                             J          dk
                                                                                                                                                  yGoYkd vl*urwufa&mufbJ ¤if;             NrdKUe,f trSwf(301) 10
wpfyg;jzpfol vuf0J0g'DwpfOD;u qkdonf/                                                                                                                 k f             k T f
                                                                                                                                                  ud,pm;a&SUaeudvwíor®w                   vrf; 3 &yfuuae azaz    G f
                                                                                                                                                  eef;awmf&Sd ½kyfoHrS wpfqifh                        f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                          OD;ausmEi?f arar a':0g0g
      or®w vl*dkudkaxmufcH            'Pf&m&apcJhygNyD}}[k txuf                                                                                   apmifhMunfh&ef qHk;jzwfcJhonf/                   Yk
                                                                                                                                                                                          0if;wd\om; armifjynhpkH               f
Muolrsm;u vrf;ay:wuf qE´              vTwfawmf rJqE´cH,lNyD;aemuf                                                                                        dk
                                                                                                                                                  vl*\a&SUaeu avQmufvcsuf        J        ausmfonf 2011-2012
jyMu&mwGif t"du½kP; ESreif;
                          f d f       rMumrDwGif vl*kdu ajymqkdcJh                                                                                ay;&ef 18 &ufrQ tcsdefay;&ef                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                          ynmoifEpf wuúov0if            kd f
a&; &JwyfzGJUrsm;ESifh &ifqdkifvlpk   onf[k qkdonf/                                                                                               awmif;qkdcsufudk txufvTwf                                  J G
                                                                                                                                                                                          wef;pmar;yGwif wuúovf              kd
uGJNyD;aemuf 'kwd,or®wjzpf                 or®wopf z&efukdu ]]'D                                                                                  awmfuy,fcscJhonf/ tqkdyg                avhusifha&; txufwef;
ol az'g&Dukd z&efudk (Federico        wpfBudrfrSmawmh? bk&m;ocifeJY                                                                                               d f
                                                                                                                                                  awmif;qkcsuonf obm0rus                  ausmif;(TTC)? 'orwef;
Franco) u or®wtjzpf usrf;             uHMur®mu uRefawmfhukd or®w                                                                                                       T f
                                                                                                                                                  aMumif;txufvwawmf Ouú|                  (B)? cHktrSwf(qu&-3)
opöm usdefqkdcJhonf/                  wm0ef xrf;aqmifapcsicygNyD}} f hJ                                                                                      kd D
                                                                                                                                                  a*smh*sftA'dk (Jorge Oviedo) u          jzifh ajcmufbmom*kPx;             f l
      qif;&Jom; vlwef;pm;udk          [k atmifjrifonfh avoHjzifh                                                                                  ajymqkdcJhonf/                          &&Sd atmifjrifygojzifh
ulnDapmifha&Smufrnf qkdonfh           xkwfazmfajymqkdvkdufonf/                                                                                              touf 49 ESpft&G,f&dS          txl;0rf;ajrmuf *kP,yg           f l
uwdu0wfjzifh a&G;aumufwif                  txuf vTwfawmfonf                                                                                       or®w opfz&efukdonf2013                  aMumif; ..... /
ajr§mufcc&ol &mxl;us or®w
         H hJ                         or®wa[mif; vl*kd udk 17 OD;                 ig;em&DMum ppfaq;pD&ifcJh   atmufvTwfawmf uGef*&ufu             ckEpf Mo*kwvwGif ukeq;rnfh
                                                                                                                                                       S            f       f kH          tpfudk - udkol&defatmif
onf txufvTwfawmf\ rJ                  aoqHk;cJhonfh ajr,mrJh v,f           NyD ; aemuf w G i f txuf v T w f   or®w vl*kdukd jypfwifa0zef          vl*kd\ or®woufwrf;txd                   tpfudk - udkxdkufudkudk
qE´tay: vkuemygrnf[k ½kyf
              d f                     orm;rsm;ESihf &JwyfzUJG wdYk tMum;   awmftrwf 39 OD;wkdYu or®w          xdkufaMumif; rJay;qHk;jzwfcJhNyD;   wm0efxrf;aqmif&rnfjzpfonf/              (acwå udk&D;,m;)
oHwGif vlvHk;jy aMunmajymqkd          taotaus xyfwkduf&ifqkdif             vl*kdukd xkwfy,f&ef qE´rJay;       onfh aemufwpfaeYwGif xdkuJh         z&efukdonf ,cifu jynfe,f                tpfr - rqkrecsr;atmif   G f f
í y#dyu©BuD;jzpfrnfh tvm;             wkdufcdkufcJhMuonfhtrI tyg           cJhMuonf/ txufvTwfawmf             odkY ppfaq;Mum;emrI ay:vmcJh        tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;tjzpf EdkifiHa&;        (acwå pifumyl)
tvmukd a&SmifvTJcJhonf[k qkd          t0if ¤if;wm0efxrf;aqmifpOf           trwf 4 OD;rSm uefYuGufrJay;        jcif;jzpfonf[k od&onf/              vkyfief; tawGUtBuHK&SdcJhonf            tpfudk - udk&efEdkifAdkvf-
onf/ yg&ma*G;EdkifiH\ 'Drkd           jypfrIig;rsKd;jzifh ppfaq;pD&ifcJh   cJhMuNyD; trwfESpfOD; vTwfawmf           vl*kdvdkvm;ol vltkyfBuD;      [k qkdonf/                                                 rcdkif&nfrGef
ua&pDukd ]]eufeuf½Idif;½Idif;         onf[k od&onf/                        rwufcJhacs/ yg&ma*G;EkdifiH\       onf or®wtay: tjypf&Sd                                         rmefopfEdk;
                                                                                                                                                                                          (acwå pifumyl)
                                                                                                                                                                            Ref: AP
INTERNATIONAL                                                                                                                                     Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       31

yifv,fydkifeuftjiif;yGm;rIudk Nidrf;csrf;pGmtajz&SmoifU[k ueftpdk;&qdk
0g&Sifwef? ZGef 23
                  taemufydkif; yifv,f (awmifw½kwfyifv,f)wGif e,fajrydkifqdkifa&; tjiif;yGm;rItwGuf Nidrf;csrf;aomtajzwpf&yf                 onf tqdkyga'oodkY tpdk;&\                pae? we*FaEGaeYrsm;wGif tpd;&    k
zdvpfydkif        &SmazG&eftwGuf zdvpfydkifEdkifiHESifh w½kwfEdkifiHudk tar&duefjynfaxmifpku Mumoyaw;aeYwGif yefMum;vdkufonf/               av,mOfydkYvTwfa&;udk wm;qD;              a&,mOfESpfpif;udk w½kwfEdkifiH
      0g&Sifweftaejzifh aphpyf                                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                            vdu&ma&mufaMumif;? a&,mOf                u ½kyfodrf;cJhonf[k qdkonf/
aqG;aEG;a&;pm;yGJ0dkif;wGif Nidrf;                                                                                                               f                    f kd f
                                                                                                                                            ESppif;udk yifv,fa&wdryi;qD              a&wdrfurf;&Sd ig;zrf;avStpif;
csrf;aom toGifjzifh tqdkyg                                                                                                                  ajymif;a&TUxm;a&; axmufcHol              20 udk &moDOwkqdk;&Gm;onfh
awmif;qdkcsuf tcGifhta&;rsm;                                                                                                                umuG,fa&;0efBuD; aAmvfwJ                 twGuf Xmaeudk jyefac:aeNyD
\tajzudk taxmuftuljyK                                                                                                                       ,m;*gZfrif (Voltaire Gazmin)             jzpfaMumif; w½kwfo,f,lydkY
Edkif&ef rdrdwdkY\vkyfaqmifrIESifh                                                                                                          u owif;axmufrsm;udk aom                  aqmifa&;0efBuD;Xmeu aMu
ywfoufí tvGefyif&Sif;vif;                                                                                                                   MumaeYu xkwfazmfajymqdkcJh               nmcJhonf/
aMumif; oHtrwfBuD; [,f&D                                                                                                                    onf/                                           zdvpfydkifEdkifiH\ pD;yGm;a&;
axmrwfu tar&duefoH½Hk;\                                                                                                                            a&wyf j zpf a p? urf ; ajc        ZkeftwGif; pum;abmf&yfzf a&
yxrqHk;owif;zdk&rfwGif ajym                                                                                                                 apmifhjzpfap? uif;axmufav                wdrfurf;ajc&Sd &Sm;yg;cHk;aumif
qdkvdkufonf/                                                                                                                                ,mOfudkvTwfrnfhudpöudk zdvpf             rsm;ESifh oEÅmausmufwef;rsm;
      NyD;cJhonfh Ak'¨[l;aeYwGif                                                                                                              k f k            k
                                                                                                                                            yditpd;&u qH;jzwfcsufcsxm;               udk cdk;,laeNyD; ig;ref;rsm;udk cdk;
zdvpfydkifor®w bDeDEdktuDGEdku                                                                                                              qJjzpfaMumif; 0efBuD; *gZfrifu           zrf;aeonfh w½kwfwHigonf
owif;axmufrsm;tm; ajym                                                                                                                      qdkonf/ twdtusqdk&vQif                   rsm;udk zrf;qD;onfh zdvpfydkif
Mum;&mwGif &moDOwk om,m                                                                                                                            k
                                                                                                                                            tqdyga'owGif xda&mufaom                  ywåa&mifa&,mOfrsm;udk w½kwf
MunfvifcsdefwGif ppfbufav                                                                                                                   xdef;csKyfuGyfuJrIudk xdef;odrf;         a&,mOfrsm;u wm;qD;aESmifh
,mOf wpfpif;onf tqdkyg w½kwa&,mOfrsm; xda'owGif ESpfpif;udk yifv,fa&wdrfydkif; trdefYay;rnfjzpfaMumif; ajym
                                           f                  k                                                                             &ef zdvpfydkifEdkifiHbufu pum            ,SufcJhaom {NyDv 8 &ufaeY
a'oodYk ysoef;rnfjzpfaMumif;? &Saeao;ygu zdvpfyia&,mOf bufokdY jyefuyfvm&ef rdrdu qdkvdkufonf/
             H                      d                       kd f                                                                            abmf&yfzf yifv,fa&wdrfydkif;                          hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                     wGif ,ckuoYkd tjiif;yGm;rIpwif
                                                                                                        rdk;onf;xefpGm &GmoGef;             txd jyefoGm;rnfjzpfonf/                  cJhjcif;jzpfonf[k od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                rmefopfEdk;
 tD&wfrS xGufcGm&ef rl*sm[D'ifukd uefowday;                                                        jcif;ESifh avjyif;wdkufcwfjcif;                 EdkifiHjcm;a&;Xme tvdkt&


   0g&Sifwef? ZGef 22
                                                                                                           wl&uDuif;axmufav,mOf qD;&D;,m;avykdifeufwGif
        tD&wfEdkifiHwGif tajcpdkufaexkdifonfh tD&eftpdk;&qefYusifa&;tkyfpkwpfpkudk tD&wfEkdifiH&Sd
   ppfpcef;wpfcrS xGucmay;&efEihf xkoYkd jyKvkyygu tar&dueftMurf;zufwucuopm&if;xJrS
                  k       f G         S d        f                            dk f dk f l                  ypfcscH&
                              h                                    k      d f
   y,fzsufay;&ef arQmfvifxm;aMumif; tar&duefjynfaxmifpu owday;vkuonf[k od&onf/
        rl*sm[D'if-tDcgvfonf tMurf;zufwdkufcdkufa&;tkyfpkrsm;pm&if;xJrS ¤if;\ trnfemrudk                  tefum&m(wl&uD)? ZGef 23           jzpfonf/ qD;&D;,m;Edii\jynf kfH          onf aomMumaeYu tufzfzkd;
   z,f&m;Edia&;twGuf BudK;yrf;aqmif&uvsuf&onf[k od&onf/ tD&wfEii&dS tuf&&mhzpcef;
         S k f                             G f         dS                  kd f H         fS f                               k f
                                                                                                                 qD;&D;,m;EdiiH avaMumif;   wGif; qlyltHk<urItwGuf qD;&D;            (F4)av,mOf ypfcsrcH&rDuyif
   rSxGufcGma&;onf rl*sm[D'iftzGJUudk pm&if;rSz,f&Sm;a&;arQmfvifhcsuftwGuf tar&duefjynf                   ydkifeuftwGif; 0ifa&mufvmcJh      ,m;tpkd;&\ Murf;MuKwf&uf                 wif;rmcJhNyD;jzpfonf[k od&
   axmifpku tjyeftvSeftaejzifh aqmif&Gufay;onfh tajctaewpf&yfvnf; jzpfonf/                                onfh wl&uDppfav,mOfwpf            pufonfh wHkYjyefrIrsm;teuf               onf/
        tuf&Sf&mhzf pcef;wGifaexkdifol 1200 ESifh 1400 tMum;wGif&Sdae&m? ¤if;wdkYtm;vHk;onf               pif;udk ypfcsvkdufaMumif; aom     wpfckonf wl&uDta&; udpö                                             d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                            qD;&D;,m; EkiitwGi; ½ke;         f f
   tMurf;zufa&;emrnfysuf pm&if;rSz,f&Sm;ay;a&; toem;cHpm wifEkdif&ef tD&wftmmPmykdif                      MumaeYwGif qD;&D;,m;EdkifiHu      jzpfvmcJhNyD[kqkdonf/ tenf;              &if;qefcwfjzpfrItay: Murf;
   rsm;udkifwG,fonfh [m&D,mpcef;qDajymif;a&TU&rnf[k tar&duefjynfaxmifpkumuG,fa&;Xme                       xkwfazmfajymqkdvdkufonf/          i,fjrifhNyD; t&SdefjrifhjrifhysHoef;     MuKwf&ufpuf zdESdyfrIaMumifh
   uqkdonf/                                                                                                      wl&uDEdkifiHuvnf; vuf      vmaom ]]rxifr&Sm;avaMumif;               qD;&D;,m;or®w ]bm&Sm;tm
        tD&efjynfolY rl*sm[D'iftzGJUtpnf; (PMOI) tjzpfxif&Sm;onfh ]rl*sm[D'if-tDcgvf} onf?                              kd           h
                                                                                                          wHYk jyef&efvtyfaom tqifrsm;      ypfrSwf}} wpfckudk ppfbufu               qwf} (Bashar Assad) taejzifh
                                                                                                          a&mufvmNyD[k tav;teuf             &SmawGUcJhonf[k qD;&D;,m;Edkif                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                     xGuay;oifNh yD jzpfaMumif; ajym
   1970 jynfhESpf0ef;usiftwGif;u tD&efEdkifiH\ tar&dueftajcpkduf &Sm;qefYusifa&; ajymufusm;
                                                                                                          xm;ajymcJhonf/                        dk f
                                                                                                                                            iHyiowif;Xme ]qmem} (SANA)               Mum;í tar&duefEdkifiHuJhokdY
   vIyf&Sm;rIudk OD;aqmifcJhNyD; &Sm;udktpm;xkd;xm;onfh tD&efEdkifiH\ bmoma&;acgif;aqmifrsm;
                                                                                                                 qD;&D;,m; awmfvSefa&;      u NyD;cJhonfh aomMumaeYwGif                           k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                     aom Ediirsm;tzGUJ okYd wl&uDu
   udkvnf; qefYusiftwkduftcHjyKcJhonf[k od&onf/
                                                                                                          2011 ckESpf rwfvwGif rpwif        xkwfazmfajymqdkcJhonf/                                      hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                     0ifa&mufconf/ qD;&D;,m;ppf
             k                       l d f         kd f H G k HI G hf             S f G
        tqdygtzGUJ ukd quf'ef[peu tD&wfEiiwif cdvciay;cJNh yD; 1997 ckEpwif tar&duef                      rDur[mrdwzUJG xm;onfh tqkyg
                                                                                                                           f           d               ]]qD ; &D ; ,m;avaMumif ;     ajy;'ku©onf 32000 ausmf
                k       d              d f                            k
   jynfaxmifpu tqkygtzGUJ ukd EkiijH cm;tMurf;zuf tzGUJ wpfctjzpf pm&if;wifowfrwcaMumif;S f hJ            ESpfEdkifiHtMum; wif;rmrIonf      umuG,fa&;u av,mOfypft                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                     twGue,fpyfa'owGif wl&uD
   od&onf/                                                                                  rmefopfEdk;   ododomom jrifhwufvmcJhNyD         ajrmufeJY wkHYjyefwkdufcdkufcJhwm          kfH                 ©
                                                                                                                                                                                     Ediiu 'kuonfpcef;xlaxmif
                                                                                                                                            wkduf½dkuf xdoGm;ygw,f/ ypf              xm;cJhonf[k od&onf/
tD&efor®w tmruf'DeD*sufudk vSrf;MunfUjcif; aqmif;yg;rS tquf . . . . .                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                            rSwu qD;&D;,m;avydieufxJ     k f                wl&uDppfbufqkdif&mu
                                                                                                                                            0ifvmwJh wl&uDppfav,mOf                             H hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                     ypfcscc&onfh av,mOf\ wm
aygif; aqmif&Gufa&;twGuf tqifoifhjzpfaeNyDvdkYvnf; avoHypfcJhygw,f/ 'gu EsLuvD;,m;jyóemyg/                                                  wpfpif;jzpfaew,f/ 'DvkdrsKd;             0efykdif;udk tao;pdwfxkwfazmf
    wdkif;jynf&JU vlOD;a&twGufvnf; tmruf'DeD*sufu udkifwG,fcJhygao;w,f/ a,mufsm;av; touf 20 a&muf&if rdef;uav;                              ud p ö a wG r S m qH k ; jzwf x m;wJ h   ajymcJhjcif; r&Sdaomfvnf; ¤if;
touf 16 ESpf? 17 ESpfa&muf&if apmapmvufxyfNyD; apmapmom;orD;,lMuzdkY tD&efjynfol jynfom;awGudk olu 2010 ckESpf Edk0if                       Oya'awG t&?udkifwG,fcJh&wm               av,mOfonfaxmufvSrf;a&;
bmvrSm wkdufwGef;cJhygw,f/                                                                                                                  jzpfygw,f}} [kqmemuxkwf                  uif;axmufav,mOf wpfpif;
                          d hJ k f                                         d                   S
    urÇmrSm jzpfavhjzpfx&Swtwdi;ygyJ/ olYaqGrsKd;eD;pyfawGukd t&nftcsif;r&SbJ &mxl;BuD;BuD;awGrm cefYxm;w,fqwhJ pGypjJG ypfwif
                                                                                                            kd     f                        azmfajymqkdcJhonf/ wl&uD 0ef             jzpfaMumif; wl&uD½yoowif;        k f H
a0zefoHawGMum;rSm olY&JUt*wdvdkufpm;rIudk jycJhygao;w,f/                                                                                    BuD;csKyf ]&Dqufyfaw,pf tm                        k
                                                                                                                                                                                     wpfcu aMunmcJonf/            h
                                                                                                                                              k
                                                                                                                                            'd*ef} (Recep Tayyip Erdogan)                   avykdifeufxJ usL;ausmfcJh
udk,fa&;udk,fwmb0                                                                                                                           OD;aqmifonfh ESpfem&DMum vHk             onfqkdvQifawmif qD;&D;,m;
       or®w tmruf'DeD*suf[m 1981 ckESpf ZGefv 12 &ufaeYrSm wD[D&efNrdKUrSmyJ tZrfq'ufzm&m[D (Azam Sadat Farahi) udk vuf                     NcHKa&; tpnf;ta0;wGif qD;&D;             EkdifiH\ tjyKtrlonf ]&efvkd
xyfcJhygw,f/ zm&m[Dqdkwmu ol tD&efodyÜHESifhenf;ynm wuúodkvfwufcJhpOfu olY&JUtwef;azmf oli,fcsif;yg/ olwdkY ZeD;armifESHrSm                 ,m; wyfzGJUonf av,mOfukd                 onfhoabm} rSm xif&Sm;ae
            k
om;orD;oH;OD; xGe;um;cJygw,f/ om;ESpa,muf? orD;wpfa,mufyg/ om;orD;oH;a,mufpvH;[m ]trD&umbD&f enf;ynmwuúov}f
                    f        h           f                                     k          k       f                       kd                ypfcsvdkufNyD; wl&uDav,mOf               aMumif ; ? tpö w ef b l v f N rd K U&S d
(wD[D&efydkvDwuúepf)ausmif;rSm ynmoifcJhMuygowJh/                                                                                           rSL; ESpfOD;\ tavmif;rsm;rSm                     f D             kd f k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                     bDv*swuúovrS Ediia&;odyHÜ
       om;tBuD;jzpfol rD'Du tmruf'DeD*suf&JU Chief of Staff wpfOD;jzpfol tufpfzef'D,m&m[ifrm&Smat\orD;jzpfoleJY 2007 ckESpfrSm              aysmufqkH;aeaMumif; xkwfazmf             ygarmu©wpfOD;jzpfol tDvfwm
vufxyfcJhygw,f/ om;i,fjzpfol tvD&DZmu ,cif ppfAdkvfcsKyfBuD;jzpfol rmrGwfuAD&JUwlrjzpfoleJY vufxyfcJhygw,f/ olYorD;jzpfol                   ajymqkdcJhum aomMumaeY n                 wl&ef (Ilter Turan) u NTV
zmwDrmuvnf; tdrfaxmif&SdolwpfOD;jzpfw,fvdkY qdkygw,f/                                                                                       bufwGif wl&uDEdkifiHu aMu                owif;Xmeudk ajymjycJhonf[k
                                                                                                                                            nmcsufwpf&yfukd xkwfjyefcJh              od&onf/
              kd         k f           ö   S
       b,fvyjJ zpfjzpf wdi;a&;jynf&mudpawGrm jyóempdejf zpfcwhJ tmruf'e*su[m 2013 ckEpf Mo*kwvrSm or®woufwrf;ukeawmh
                                                             hJ          D D f          S       f                       f
                                                                                                                                            onf/ wl&uDEkdifiHESifh qD;&D;                                                 rmefopfEdk;
rSmrdkY omreft&yfom;b0eJY olbmawGvkyfOD;rvJqdkwm pOf;pm;p&mygyJ/
                                                                                                                    rmefopfEdk;                          d f H
                                                                                                                                            ,m;EkiiwYkd tMum; qufqa&;        H                                         Ref: AP
   Oa&myEkdifiHrsm;okdh c&D;vSnfUvnfaom a':atmifqef;pkMunfukd urÇmhacgif;aqmif
   tjzpf awmf0ifrdom;pkrsm;? EkdifiHUacgif;aqmifrsm;? urÇmausmf tEkynm&SifESifU
   jynfolrsm; BuKdqdk? NAdwdefEkdifiHu crf;em;BuD;us,fpGm *kPfjyK
&efukef? ZGef 25
                          d f           d           dk f H
         Zmvef? aemfa0? tki,mvef? NAdwe?f jyifopfEiitygt0if Oa&myEkiirsm;okYd c&D;vSnvnfaeaom trsKd;om;'Drua&pDtzGUJ csKyfOuú| a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk urÇmacgif;aqmiftjzpf awmf0ifrom;pkrsm;?
                                                                       d f H            hf                          dk                                            h               d
 qGpf        d                                    f             l
         tpk;&acgif;aqmifrsm;? urÇmausmftEkynm&Sirsm;ESijhf ynforsm;u aomif;aomif;jzjzBuKdqMdk uNyD; NAdweEiiuvnf; crf;em;BuD;us,fpm *kPjf yKBuKdqaMumif; Ekiiwumowif;rD',mrsm;\ owif;azmfjy
                                                                                                         d f dk f H                G              dk        d f H        D
csuft& od&Sd&onf/

                                                                                                                                                                                                        NAdwdoQ tdrfa&SUpHrif;om; csm;vfpfESifh awGUqHkaeonfh a':atmifqef;pkMunf/




                                                                                                                 NAdwdefEdkifiH atmufpzdkY'fwuúodkvfrS
                                                                                                                    *kPfxl;aqmifyg&*lbGJUvufcHpOf/

         ZGefv 13 &ufaeYrSpwifNyD; jrefrmEkdifiHrS xGufcGmoGm;aom a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf ZGefv 14                                                                             a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf NAdwdoQbk&ifrBuD;tJvpfZbufNyD;vQif NAdwdefoQygvDrefESpf&yfpvkH;udk
&ufaeYwGif qGpfZmvefEkdifiH? *seDAmNrdKUwGifusif;yonfh tjynfjynfqkdif&m tvkyform;tzGJUcsKyfnDvmcHodkY                                                              xl;xl;jcm;jcm; rdefYcGef;ajymcGifh&NyD; orkdif;0ifrdefYcGef;wpf&yfudkvnf; ajymMum;cJhonf/
wufa&mufcJhNyD; ,if;EkdifiHrS or®wtygt0if xdyfwef;wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh awGUqkHcJhonf/                                                                                                     d                                                 G f              d f dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                             NAdwoQygvDrefü ajymMum;aomrdeYf ce;wGif NAdweEiitygt0if urÇmtoki;t0ki;taeESihf jrefrm                 h d f d f
                                       d f H                                               S f
         ,if;aemuf aemfa0EkiioYdk oGm;a&mufcNhJ yD; 1991 ckEpu csD;jr§ijhf cif;cHc&aom Ekb,fvNf idr;csrf;a&;        hJ                d              f             EkdifiH\ jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;udk yg0ifulnDMu&ef wkdufwGef;ajymqdkonf/
           d f dk f G                      l hJ
qkukd uk,wiom;a&muf,conf/ ,if;tcrf;tem;okYd aemfa0bk&iftygt0if awmf0ifrom;pkrsm; wuf                                                          d                              ]]uRefr tckyJ a'gif;eif;vrf;u vmcJhwmyg/ uRefrtwGuf olpdrf;ae&mawmhr[kwfygbl;/ wDADGrSm
                             d f H               k                                          l
a&mufcMhJ uNyD; aemfa0EkiirS tpd;&acgif;aqmifrsm;ESihf jynforsm; wufa&mufcMhJ uonf/ Ekb,fvf Nidr;csr;                                       d               f f    wifrubJ uRefrzcif OD;atmifqef; 1947 ckESpfrSm vkyfMuHowfjzwfrcH&cif 0efBuD;csKyf tufwvDeJYtwl
a&;qk&,lonfh tcrf;tem;wGif rdefYcGef;wpf&yfajymMum;cJhNyD; aemfa0EkdifiHa&muf jrefrmrsm;? axmifaygif;                                                              vGwfvyfa&;udpö aqG;aEG;tNyD; a'gif;eif;vrf;a&SUrSm ½dkuful;xm;cJhwJh"mwfyHk[m xif&Sm;ygw,f/ "mwfyHk
rsm;pGmaom aemfa0EkdifiHom;rsm;udkvnf; aus;Zl;wifaMumif; EIwfcGef;qufpum; ajymqdkcJhonf/ aemfa0                                                                    xJrSm ol[m NAdwdoQppfoHk; ukwftusÐ&Snfudk 0wfxm;ygw,f/ ol rMuHKzl;wJhtat;'Pfudk cHEkdifatmif
ygvDref? aemfa0tpkd;&tdrfawmfrsm;okdYvnf; oGm;a&mufvnfywfcJhonf/                                                                                                   NAdwdeftvmvrf;rSm tdE´d,acgif;aqmif *s[m0gvmae½l;u ay;vdkufwmyg/ uRefrvnf; tylydkif;EkdifiHrSm
         ,if;aemuf tkdif,mvefEkdifiHokdY oGm;a&mufcJh&m urÇmausmf U2 aw;*DwtzGJUacgif;aqmif bdkEkdu                                                                24 ESpfvHk;vHk;aecJhNyD;wJhaemuf 'DbufudktvmrSm tJvdk ukwftusÐudkrsm; vdkrvm;vdkYawmif awG;cJhwmrsdK;
BuKdqkdcJhNyD; urÇmhvlYtcGifhta&;umuG,fapmifha&SmufrIqkdif&m tzGJUBuD;wpfckjzpfonfh Amnesty Interna-                                                                 d hJ                      h hJ        kd f                  f                     kH kd f G h
                                                                                                                                                                   &Scygw,f/ NyD;cJwem&Dyi;uawmh uRertaz "mwfy½uom;wJae&mrSmyJ tck 0efBuD;csKyf a';Apfuifr&Ge;                                                      f
              J                                         f l                 k
tional tzGUBuD;uay;tyfaom *kPx;aqmifqudk vufcconf/ ,if;aemuf a':atmifqef;pkMunftwGuf  H hJ                                                                         eJY "mwfyHk½dkufaecsdefrSmawmh rdk;awGu &Gmaeygw,f/ 'g NAdwdef &moDOwkygyJ/
&nf&G,fusif;yaom axmifaygif;rsm;pGm wufa&mufonfh *DwazsmfajzyGJokdY tqkdawmf bdkEkdESifhtwl wuf                                                                              'kwd, urÇmppftwGif;u uRefr zcif[m ArmhvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmfudk wnfaxmifcJhwmyg/
                                                      f                                       J
a&mufcNhJ yD; urÇmausmftEkynm&Siaygif;ajrmufjrm;pGm ,if;yGawmfoYdk vma&mufazsmfajzcJMh uonf/ tki,m                                                         d f     vGwfvyfwJh jrefrmEkdifiHrSm 'Drdkua&pDwnfaxmifcsifvdkY 'Dwm0efudk ol,lcJhwmyg/ vGwfvyfwJhEkdifiHwpfckeJY
vefEkdifiHrS tpkd;&acgif;aqmifrsm;ESifhvnf; awGUqkHcJhao;onf/                                                                                                          k f                 d f H                     kd
                                                                                                                                                                   xduwefwhJ Ekiia&;pepf[m 'Drua&pDpepfomjzpfw,fvYkd ol,MkH unfcygw,f/ uRervnf; 'gud,MkH unf                  hJ          f                   k
         xkdYaemuf NAdwdefEkdifiHokdY oGm;a&mufcJhNyD; wdbufbkef;awmfBuD; 'vdkif;vm;rm;ESifhawGUqkHjcif;? NAdwdef                                                          H                           d
                                                                                                                                                                   vufcygw,f/ NAdwoQr[mrdwwyfzUJG awG&UJ AdvcsKyfBuD;qvif;u olY&UJ ud,a&;rSwwrf;rSm uRerzcifeYJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        f                      k f                               k f        f                   f
  d f H                                                     f                     f
Ekii0efBuD;csKyf rpöwma';Apfuifr&Ge;tygt0if vTwawmftrwfrsm;? vTwawmfwm0ef&orsm;ESihf awGUqkH                      f                      dS l                      yxrqH; awGUqHytaMumif; a&;xm;wm&Sygw,f/ 'kw, urÇmppfNyD;cgeD; Armhvwvyfa&;wyfrawmfu
                                                                                                                                                                               k                k kH                                     d                   d                          G f
cJhonf/                                                                                                                                                            r[mrdwfawGeJY vufwGJzdkY qHk;jzwfNyD; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;u AdkvfcsKyfBuD;qvif;eJY oGm;awGUwJhtcgrSm
         ZGefv 20 &ufaeYwGif a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf olr wufa&mufynmoifMum;cJh&m atmufpzdkY'f                                                                           k f                                                 dk f
                                                                                                                                                                   AdvcsKyfBuD;qvif;u igwdYk ppfEiaevdYk vmaygif;wm r[kwvm;vdYk ajymwJYtcg uRefrtazu cifAsm;wdYk     f
wuúodkvfBuD;u csD;jr§ifhaom *kPfxl;aqmifyg&*lbGJUudkvufcHcJhNyD; rdefYcGef;wpf&yfajymMum;cJhonf/                                                                   ppfrEkdif&if vmaygif;vdkY bmtusKd;&SdrSmvJvdkY jyefajymcJYw,fvdkY olu a&;xm;ygw,f/
                                                   kH                     S
         bJUG 0wfpkH teDa&mif? &ifz;tusÐteufEihf teufatmufcH a,mxbDa&mifpyix;udk 0wfqifxm;NyD;                                kH G hf dk                                               f                                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                             uRertazudk vufawGUorm;vdYk AdvcsKyfBuD;qvif;u,HMk unfNyD; vufwvyEir,fovYkdrwwrf;                        JG k f dk f h l S f
&ifzHk;tusÐteufwGif cGyfa'gif;yHk&ifxkd;udk 0hH0hH<um;<um; wyfqifxm;aom a':atmifqef;pkMunfu -                                                                      wifxm;ygw,f/ tck tESpf 60 ausmfvmwJhtcgrSm uRefrvnf; zcifBuD;vdk vufawGUususvkyfEkdifatmif
         ]]atmufpzkdY'fwuúokdvfeJY ywfoufvkdY uRefrtwGuf ta&;tBuD;qkH; t&mwpfckuawmh ausmif;                                                                       BudK;pm;aeygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; tckvdkvma&mufNyD; vufawGUtultnDay;zdkY rdwfaqGtaeeJY 'dk;wl
oifcef;pm pmtkyfawGxJuae avhvmoif,lcJh&wmawGomrubJ vlY,Ofaus;rIxJu taumif;qkH;t&m                                                                                  aygifzuf vma&mufajymMum;aewmyg/ tcGifhta&;awG ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm qHk;½HI;aewJY jrefrmjynfom;awG&JU
awGukd av;pm;wwf&r,fqkdwmyJ jzpfygw,f/ vlY,Ofaus;rIxJu taumif;qkH;t&mawG qkdwm[m urÇm                                                                              b0eJY tcGifhtvrf;awGtwGuf jyKjyifa&;vkyfief;awGudk ulnDaxmufcHMuzdkY uRefr ajymvdkygw,f}} [k
ay:u ae&mtoD;oD;u vmMuwmyg/ 'gawG[m atmufpzkdY'favmufrSmyJjzpfjzpf? jrefrmjynfrSmyJjzpfjzpf                                                                        a':atmifqef;pkMunfu qkdonf/
wjcm; wkdif;jynfwpfckckrSmyJjzpfjzpf tuefYtowfeJY &Sdaewm r[kwfygbl;/ vlY,Ofaus;rI&JU taumif;qkH;                                                                            ]]aumif;rGefwJh tem*wfudk avQmufvSrf;EkdifzdkY uRefrwdkY wkdif;jynf[m tckrS wmplaewkef;yg/ ausmf
t&mawGukd atmufpzkdY'frSm oif,lcJhwmawGu uRefrtwGufawmh taumif;qkH;r[kwfwJh t&mawGukd                                                                              jzwf&r,fh awmifukef;awG? acsmufurf;yg;awG? tcuftcJawG trsm;BuD; &Sdaeygao;w,f/ uRefrwdkY
vufcH&ifqkdifwJhae&mrSm cHEkdif&nf&Sdatmif taxmuftul jzpfapcJhygw,f}} [k a':atmifqef;pkMunfu                                                                       BudK;pm;vkdY tcktajctaexd a&mufvmwmyg/ NAdwdefeJYurÇmwpf0ef;u jynfolawG 0dkif;ul&if 'DxufydkNyD;
atmufpzdkY'fwuúodkvf *kPfxl;aqmifyg&*lbGJUvufcHonfhtcrf;tem;wGif xnfhoGif;ajymqdkonf/                                                                              c&D;wGifygvdrfhr,f/ jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;taMumif;qdkwm[m tck 'D 0ufpfrifeifpwmcef;rBuD;rSm ajym&wm
         jrefrmEkdifiHrSausmif;om;rsm;ESifh wuúodkvfausmif;rsm;taMumif;udkvnf; a':atmifqef;pkMunfu                                                                 toifhawmfqHk;ygyJ/ uRefrwdkY wdkif;jynfrSm ygvDrefpepfcdkifrma&;[m t"dutusqHk; jzpfygw,f/ NAdwdoQ
xnfhoGif;ajymqdkcJhao;onf/                                                                                                                                                                               dS f H                f            G      k G hf
                                                                                                                                                                   ygvDref[m urÇmh tzdEycawG&UJ vGwvyfpmajymqdcieYJ ywfoufNyD; pHxm;&r,fh taumif;qH; oauFw                                                  k
                f hJ           k S f                                    f       d f H
         ]]vGecwhJ q,fpEptenf;i,ftwGi; jrefrmEkiieYJ ywfoufvYdk pdwraumif;p&mtjzpf uRerawG;rd                   f                                      f           ygyJ/ 'DEiirm 'DvwvyfciawG[m tvdtavsmuf&aeNyD;om;rdYk trIrhJ jzpfaewwfMuygvdrr,f/ uRerwdYk
                                                                                                                                                                                 kd f H S            G f        G hf                  k             dS                                               fh           f
wmuawmh ausmif;om;awGtwGuf wuúokdvfy&0PfrSm usifvnf&wJh b0awG uif;rJhaewmyJ jzpfyg                                                                                 jrefrmEkdifiHrSmawmh 'DvGwfvyfrIawGudk ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm tepfemcHNyD; wdkufyGJ0ifae&wmyg/ vlawG trsm;
                                         d
w,f/ ausmif;y&0Pfb0qkwm[m vli,fawGtwGuf olwYdku,yiurÇmukd zefw;zkYd ? 'grSr[kw&ifvnf;             dk f dk f                       D                f               tjym; pGefYvTwf qHk;½HI;cJY&wmawG &Sdygw,f/ tckrS 'DpGefYvTwfrIawG&JU &v'f toD;tyGifYudk pNyD; jrifawGUp
                     dk f dk                                  D d f           Ü
urÇmukd olwYdk u,yijf zpfatmif zefw;EkiwhJ t"dym,faqmifygw,f/ 'DvvyzYdk twGuf olwYdk rm vGwvyf                dk k f                             S           f     &aewmyg}} [k a':atmifqef;pkMunfu qufvufajymqdkonf/
     fh                 d                       f hJ                k S f
cGieYJ ae&mvnf; &Sygw,f/ vGecwhJ q,fpEptenf;i,ftwGi; uRerwkYd jrefrmEkiiu vli,fawGrmawmh        f           f                   d f H                    S                                                                         d f dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                             a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf NAdweEiirS ZGef 26 &ufaeYwixucmNyD; jyifopfEiioYdk 0ifa&mufum       G f G f G              dk f H
vGwfvyfcGihfawGvnf; r&SdMuygbl;/ ausmif;om;awG pnf;urf;wus jzpfzkdYvkdw,fqkdwJh tjrifrsKd;eJY xdef;                                                                ZGefv 29 &ufaeYtxd aexkdifrnfjzpfonf/
xm;csifwJhtwGuf wuúokdvfb0awG[m NydKuJGcJh&ygw,f/ 'g[m rjzpfEkdifwJhudpyg? ausmif;om;qkdwmrsKd;                             ö                                                a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ Oa&myc&D;pOfwpfavQmuf owif;rsm;udk urÇmhowif;rD'D,mrsm;u
u 'Dvkdxdef;xm;vkdYr&ygbl;}} [k a':atmifqef;pkMunfu qkdonf/                                                                                                        wkduf½kdufxkwfvTifhjyojcif; tpDtpOfrsm;pGmjyKvkyfcJhNyD; jynfwGif;jynfya&mufjrefrmtrsm;pku a':atmif
                                                                 d                     f
         a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf NAdwoQxD;eef;\tdra&SUpHrif;om; csm;vfpEihf Muif,mawmf uifrvm                            f S                                     D                                                             h k f d f
                                                                                                                                                                   qef;pkMunf\ ausmfMum;rI? urÇmtodi;t0ki;\ av;pm;MunfnKdc&rIrsm;tay: txl;*kP,0rf;ajrmuf                    H                           f l
                                     f                                G
wdYk \ zdwMf um;csuft& ZGev 21 &ufaeYwif oGm;a&mufawGUqkcNhJ yD; ¤if;wkYd aexki&m pHtrwif trSww&    H                      d f             d f G             f     vsuf&SdaMumif; pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
opfyifpkdufysKd;cJhonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ref: VOA, AP, AFP and other News Agencies
                                                                                                                                                                                                       A
                                                                                                                   Special Supplement
                                                             Vol-3, N0-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday

Zlvdkifv vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;rsm; usif;yaecsdeftwGif; tqdkESifUar;cGef;rsm;
       G                       S            f                d dI
wifoi;f a&; a':atmifqef;pkMunfEiUf NLD vTwawmftrwfrsm; n§Ei;f pnf;a0;rnf
&efukef? ZGef 25
                               h l kd f                    f        f                       d
                        vmrnfZviv 4 &ufaeYrS pwifusi;yrnfh vTwawmftpnf;ta0;rsm;odYk trsK;om;'Drua&pDtzGUJ csKyf(NLD)rS
                                                                                                      dk                                   tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;? w&m;                  vTwawmfpwifonfh tcsef
                                                                                                                                                                                             f                  d
 aejynfawmfwGif         vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm; pknpmwufa&mufrnfjzpfaomfvnf; vTwawmfwif rnfoaom tqkEiar;cGe;rsm;
                             f        dk f    f      H D G                           f    G       Ydk       d S hf  f                      Oya' pkd;rkd;a&;ESifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;   wGif tjcm;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;
                      df k f               k    dk f
ar;jref;rnfukd ,cktcsexwazmfajymqd&ef rjzpfEiao;bJ vTwawmftpnf;ta0;usi;yaecseumvtwGi;wGivnf; tqdEiar;cGe;rsm;
                                                             f               f    df          f f            k S hf   f                    wdkYtwGufvnf; wpfqifhcsif;             vS,rsm;\ ar;cGe;ESitqkrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                       f            f hf d
wifoGif;a&; n§dEIdif;pnf;a0;oGm;&ef&SdaMumif; NLD rS vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;u Venus News Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/                         aqmif&GufoGm;&ef &SdaMumif;            udk avhvmrnfjzpfNyD; vdktyf
                                                                                                                                           ajymqkdonf/                            vQif 0ifa&mufaqG;aEG;rnfjzpf
     ]]tcktcsdefrSm b,fvdkar;     ajymvdkY r&ao;ygbl;/ ajymvdkY      rS n§dEIdif;&rSmawGvnf;&Sdw,f}}   jzpf? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f               ]]vTwfawmfrSm avhvm&OD;           aMumif;? NLD vTwfawmfudk,f
cGefawG ar;r,f? b,fvdktqkd        rjzpfao;bl;/ uRefawmfwkdY                            dk
                                                                     [k trsKd;om;'Drua&pDtzGUJ csKyf   vnf;jzpfoO;tke;BuKdiu ajym
                                                                                                                  l D f       f            r,f/ avmavmq,f bmawG                   pm;vS,frsm;taeESifh jyifqifrI
              kd    d
awGwifr,fqwmrsK; uReawmff         acgif;aqmif jyefvmwJhtcgus         \ jyefMum;a&;wm0efcHvnf;          qkdonf/                             ar;rvJ? bmawGtqkdwifrvJ                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                  rsm;pGm jyKvkyaeaMumif; a':jzL
                                                                                                            NLD vTwfawmfudk,fpm;              d               d f
                                                                                                                                           qkwmudk rajymEkiao;bl;/ a&SU                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                  jzLoif;\tqkt& od&&onf/  dS
  axmif'PfckepfESpfatmuf csrSwfEkdifaom trIrsm;tm;vkH;                                                 vS,fwpfOD;jzpfol a':jzLjzL
                                                                                                       oif;url tzGJUcsKyfrS vTwfawmf
                                                                                                                                           rSmvnf; ar;cGef;eJY tqkdawGu
                                                                                                                                           &mcsD &Sdaew,fvkdY od&w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                       trsKd;om; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJU
                                                                                                                                                                                  csKyfonf 2012 ckESpf {NyDv 1
  tmrcHay;a&; vTwfawmfokdh wifjyaqmif&Guf&ef&Sd[k                                                        k f         f
                                                                                                       ud,pm;vS,rsm;taeESihf vTwf
                                                                                                       awmfudk avhvm&OD;rnf jzpf
                                                                                                                                           rlvOD;wnfcsufjzpfwhJ zGUJ pnf;ykH
                                                                                                                                           tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;eJY
                                                                                                                                                                                  &ufaeYwGif usif;yaom Mum;
                                                                                                                                                                                  jzwf a&G;aumufyJG rJqE´e,f
                                                                                                       onfhtjyif pkaygif;n§dEIdif;rIrsm;                  d f
                                                                                                                                           tjcm;Oya'qki&m avhvmp&m                45 ckwGif 43 ckudk rJtjywf
  vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f a&SYae OD;odef;ñGefhajym                                                        jzifhom vkyfaqmifoGm;&ef &Sd        awGudkawmh avhvmw,f}} [k               towfjzifh tEkdif&&SdcJhjcif;jzpf
                                                                                                       aMumif;? OD;wnfcsufjzpfaom          a':jzLjzLoif;u &Sif;jyonf/             onf/
  &efukef? ZGef 25
          axmif'PfckepfESpfatmufom csrSwfEkdifaom trIrsm;twGuf w&m;½kH;u tmrcHay;Ekdifa&;
  jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfodkY wifjyaqG;aEG;aqmif&GufoGm;&ef&SdaMumif; jynfolUvTwfawmfukd,fpm;               vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fudk qlylvIHhaqmfrIjzifU w&m;pGJqdkrI
  vS,f a&SUaeBuD;OD;odef;ñGefYu ajymMum;onf/
          vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,f t,f'wmcsKyf OD;jrwfciukd yk'r 505 (c) (*) qlyatmif vIYH aqmfrjI zifh
             J dk           G f
                                      D
                                                  H
                                                    kd f  f
                                                            dk f
                                                                              l
  w&m;pGqaomtrIukd ykZeawmifNrdKUe,fw&m;½k;wGif OD;jrwfci\ a&SUaetjzpf vduygaqmif&uf
                                                                                k f         G
                                                                                                        ykZGefawmifw&m;½Hk;wGif pwifppfaq;
  pOf OD;odef;ñGefYu txufygtwkdif; ajymqkdvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/                                           &efukef? ZGef 25                    a&SUaeu yk'fr 505 (c)onf                            J
                                                                                                                                                                                  ukd w&m;pGwmawGrjzpfygapeJY}}
              d kd D                S                                  f
          ]]ukveacwfOya'awGrm a&SUaemufrnDwmawG oGm;awGUw,f/ yk'r 420 vdrvnfrq&if   f I dk                   vQyfwpfjyuf owif;*sm          qlylrI jzpfyGm;ap&ef vIHUaqmfrI        [k OD;odef;ñGefYu ajymonf/
  axmif'Pf ckepfEpcsrSwEiw,f/ 'gayr,fh tmrcH&w,f/ ,kMH unftyfErazmufzsuf&if axmif
                     S f     f dk f                                      HS I                          e,frS t,f'DwmcsKyf OD;jrwfckdif     jzpfonfhtwGuf tmrcH ray;                      OD;jrwfcdkif trIppfae&mokdY
  'Pf okH;ESpfyJ csrSwfEkdifw,f/ tJ'Dawmh tcsKdUtrIawGu ckepfESpftxd axmif'PfcsEkdifayr,fh             udk yk'fr 505(c)qlylvIHYaqmfrI      oifhaMumif; avQmufxm;NyD;              jynfwGif;jynfy owif;orm;
  tmrcHay;w,f/ tcsKUd trIawGu axmif'PfcsrwEiwm enf;enf;av;? tJ'gukd tmrcHray;bl;/
                                                 S f dk f                                              jzifh w&m;pGJqkdxm;rIudk ,aeY                           f
                                                                                                                                           a&SUaeBuD; OD;ode;nGeYf u Oya'           H Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                  pkpvifvifwufa&mufcNhJ yD; trI
       D                                f
  tJ'awmh tJ'geJYywfoufvYkd vTwawmfrmaxmif'Pf ckepfatmuf csrSwEiwhJ trIawG tmrcHay;
                                           S                         f dk f                            ZGefv 25 &ufaeY eHeuf 11            usifhxkH;rsm;t& w&m;pGJqdkcH&          ppfaq;&m w&m;cGifwGifvnf;
  EkdifzdkY wifjyaqmif&Gufr,f}} [k OD;odef;ñGefYu qdkonf/                                              em&DwGif ykZGefawmifNrdKUe,f                        dS
                                                                                                                                           olonf tjypf&onfjzpfap? r&Sd            owif;orm;rsm; wufa&muf
          tqkdygudpöudk vmrnfhZlvdkifv usif;yrnfh vTwfawmfwGif wifjyEkdifrnfr[kwfbJ aemuf              w&m;½kH;ü pwif vufcHMum;            onfjzpfap? uav;? trsKd;                em;axmifowif;,lcJhMuonf/
                                                                                                       emNyD; w&m;pGJqkdcH&ol OD;jrwf      orD;ESifh usef;rma&; raumif;           vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fü EkdifiHydkif
  wpfBudrf xyfrHac:,lrnfh vTwfawmfwGifom wifjyaqmif&GufEkdifrnf[k ¤if;u qufvufajym
                                                                                                       cdiudk ykZeawmifNrdKUe,f w&m;
                                                                                                         k f      G f                      oljzpfygu tmrcHay;&rnf[k               owif;pmrsm;wGif usifh0wfESifh
  qdkonf/ vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fOD;odef;ñGefYonf The Voice *sme,fESifh owåKwGif;0efBuD;Xme                                                                              kd f
                                                                                                                                           azmfjyxm;aMumif;? OD;jrwfciukd         rnDonfh tokH;tEIef;udpö rnf
                                                                                                       ½kH;u tmrcHay;vdkufaMumif;
  jzpfyGm;aeaom trIwGifvnf;The Voice *sme,f\ a&SUaetjzpf vkdufygaqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdonf/                   owif;&&Sdonf/                       pGJqkdaomtrIonf axmif'Pf               olwm0ef,lrnfenf;qdkaom
                                                                                                             ]]tck w&m;pGJwJholu &ef             f       S
                                                                                                                                           2 ESpomcsrwf cH&aom trIjzpf            owif;ESifh ausmufeDarmfaus;
                                                                                                       ukefwkdif;a'oBuD; tpkd;&vdkYyJ      onfhtjyif usef;rma&;vnf;                         d f hf
                                                                                                                                                                                  &GmrS rk'r;usiowfjzwfc&aom   H
AA eHygwfjzifU pwifajy;qGJrnfU TAXI um; 186 pD;                                                        odxm;ygw,f/ tpk;&udk uk,f
                                                                                                                            d      d       raumif;rGefaMumif; avQmuf              roDwmaxG;"mwfykHudk azmfjycJh
                                                                                                       pm;jyKwJh tmPmydkifbufu                     h          H
                                                                                                                                           xm;cJ&m w&m;½k;u tmrcHay;                     h
                                                                                                                                                                                  onftwGuf xkwa0cGi&yfqi;f   hf kd f
wifoGif;cGifUukrÜPDokH;ckukd yxrqkH;tBudrf pwifcGifUjyK                                                pGJrSmaygh/ twdtusawmh uRef
                                                                                                       awmfwkdY rodao;bl;/ avm
                                                                                                                                           aMumif; qkH;jzwfcJhonf/
                                                                                                                                                 trIudk vmrnfh ZGefv 29
                                                                                                                                                                                  cHxm;&onftjyif w&m;pGqrI
                                                                                                                                                                                                 h
                                                                                                                                                                                  udkyg 3cHae&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 J dk

&efukef? ZGef 25                     l d f
                                  yJc;wki;a'oBuD; tpk;&rsm;\
                                                          d          ponfhuefYowfcsufjzifh ,mOf        avmq,ftrIrwLul;aew,f}}
                                                                                                                       d å                 &ufaeYwGif xyfrHcsdef;qdkxm;                  OD;jrwfcdkifudk tvuFm0wf
      AA eHygwfjzifh pwifajy;     axmufcHcsufjzifh TAXI rsm;         rSwfykHwifaMu; 50 &mckdifEIef;    [k t,f'DwmcsKyfOD;jrwfcdkif\        aMumif; a&SUae OD;odef;ñGefYu          &nf OD;armifarmifat;ESifh pm
qGJrnfh TAXI um;opf 186 pD;       wifoGif;cGifh avQmufxm;vm          avQmh aumufcHrnfjzpfaMumif;       a&SUaejzpfol jynfolYvTwfawmf        qkdonf/                                a&;q&m armifaqGoufwdkYu
wifoi;cGiukd ukrPo;cktm;
        G f hf     Ü D Hk         aMumif;? ,if;okdY avQmufxm;        tpk;&u Ekiiyiowif;pmrsm;
                                                                        d       d f H dk f             udk,fpm;vS,f OD;odef;ñGefYu               ]]ZGef 28 &ufaeYrSm The          od e f ; 4000 wef wef z d k ; &S d
                                                                                                       owif;rD'D,mrsm;udk ajymMum;         Voice trIppfr,f? ZGefv 29              rajymif;ra&TUEdkifaom ypönf;pm
yxrqkH;tBudrftjzpf pwif           onfhtwGuf pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;      wGif w&m;0ifxkwfjyefaMunm
                                                                                                       onf/                                &ufaeUrSm vQyfwpfjyuftrI                                        k
                                                                                                                                                                                  csKyfrsm;jzifh w&m;½H;wGif tmrcH
wifoGif;cGifh jyKvdkufaMumif;     oef;a&mif;0,fa&; 0efBuD;Xme        onf/
                                                                                                             w&m;½kH;wGif w&m;vdk          ppfr,f/ aemufxyf *sme,fawG             vdkufay;cJhMuonf/
aejynfawmf pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;    u pdppfNyD; vkdifpifrsm;xkwfay;         TAXI rsm;udk oD;jcm;,mOf
oef;a&mif;0,fa&; 0efBuD;Xme       vdkufjcif;jzpfonf[k ,if;0ef        tjzpf atmufcH teDa&mifwGif
rS nTefMum;a&;rSL; wpfOD;u        BuD;XmerS od&Sd&onf/               t*Fvdyfpm? *Pef;tm; tjzL                                      dk f k        Y JG H
                                                                                                         jr0wDNrKd Y rS tifyg,ma&Tqiv,ufrI &Jwyfzu pkprf;ppfaq;aeqJ
Venus News Weekly okdY ajym             oufqkdif&m jynfe,fESifh      a&miftjzpf AA-1001 rS 9999          &efukef? ZGef 25
Mum;onf/                          wkdif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&tzGJU\         xd oD;jcm; owfrSwfay;oGm;                 jr0wDNrdKUv,faumif&Sd tifyg,ma&Tqkdiftm; ZGefv 24 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ 1 em&D rdepf 20
      ]]ukrÜPD okH;ckukd TAXI     axmufcHcsufjzifh oufqkdif&m        rnfjzpfNyD; AA ukefqkH;ygu          0ef;usifwif vufeufrsm;udiaqmifxm;aom vlo;OD;u 0ifa&mufv,ufom;cJ&m ,if;jzpfpOf
                                                                                                                      G              k f                   Hk                k     G h
            f kd f           k
186 pD;oGi;zdYk vipifcsay;vduf    e,fajrtwGif; rSwfykHwifouf         BB ? CC jzifh qufvuf owf            ESifhywfoufNyD; &JwyfzGJUu tao;pdwfpkHprf;ppfaq;aeNyD; jynfe,f&JrSL;BuD; udk,fwkdif OD;aqmif
               d
ygNyD}}[k tqkygnTeMf um;a&;rSL;   wrf;wpfavQmuf tiSm;,mOf            rSwfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tpkd;&       pkprf;vsu&aMumif; jr0wDNrdKUe,f&wyfzUJG pcef;rS wm0efus&t&m&SwpfO;u Venus News Weekly
                                                                                                           H         f dS                      J                   J      d    D
u qkdonf/                         (TAXI) tjzpfom tokH;jyK&ef         \ ZG e f v 16 &uf a eY x k w f      okdY ajymMum;onf/
      tpkd;&opfu ukrÜPDrsm;       ukrÜPDrsm;u wifoGif;,mOf           owif;pm xkwfjyefcsuft&                        d          I G        S f d                 S d f
                                                                                                               tqkygvk,ufrwif a&TEpyómausm?f jrefrmaiGEihf xki;aiGaMu; tajrmuftjrm;udk vk,uf
                     G f
udk TAXI rsm; wifoi;cGijhf yKae                             k f dk
                                  rsm; ]e,fajrrajymif;&? ud,yif      od&Sd&onf/                          oGm;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; jr0wDNrdKUe,fa'ocHrsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
NyDjzpf&m {&m0wD? &efukefESifh    ,mOftjzpf ajymif;vJcGifhrjyK}
  34
  B              Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                   LOCAL
      jrefrmEdkifiHowif;pmq&mtoif; owif;xkwfjyefcsuf 3^2012
        1/ vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,f t,f'DwmcsKyf OD;jrwfcdkiftm; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&tzGJUu yk'fr 505(c) (*)jzifh w&m;pGJqdkrnfhtaMumif; taMumif;Mum;pmudk
           ay;ydkYcJhaMumif; od&dS&ygonf/
        2/ ,aeUtcsdeftcgonfh yGifhvif;aom EdkifiHa&;pepfwpfckESifhtwl jrefrmYvlabmifudkvnf; yGifhvif;vlYabmifwpfcktjzpf wnfaqmufaeonfh tcsdeftcgvnf;
           jzpfygonf/
        3/ twdwfumvrsm;ESifh EdIif;,SOfvQif jrefrmYowif;rD'D,mrsm;onf ydkrdkvGwfvyfyGifhvif;aom acwfopfwpfckqDodkY a&GUvsm;aeaomtcsdefvnf; jzpfygonf/ xdkUtjyif
           'Drdkua&pDESifh vdkufavsmnDaxGjzpfrnfh awmifhwif;aom pwkw¬r@dKifudk wnfaqmufaeonfhumvvnf; jzpfygonf/
        4/ EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;rsm; toGiful;ajymif;aejcif;ESifhtwl jrefrmYowif;rD'D,mrsm;onfvnf; vdkufavsmnDaxG toGiful;ajymif;aejcif; jzpfygonf/
        5/ toGiful;ajymif;a&;vkyfief;pOfrsm; acsmarGUatmifjrifa&;twGuf EdkifiHawmf\ Oya'jyKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;r@dKifBuD;oHk;ckonf pwkw¬r@dKifjzpfaom
           owif;rD'D,mrsm;ESifh em;vnfrIrsm;? ,HkMunfrIrsm;udk tjyeftvSefwnfaqmufoGm;Mu&rnfvnf; jzpfygonf/
        6/ owif;rD'D,mrsm;onfvnf; toGiful;ajymif;aeonfhumv jzpfaomaMumifh csKdU,Gif;tm;enf;csufrsm; &dSEdkifygonf/ xdkYtwl tjcm;r@dKifBuD;oHk;&yfonfvnf;
           toGiful;ajymif;aeaomaMumifh csKdU,Gif;tm;enf;csufrsm; &dSMurnfvnf;jzpfygonf/
        7/ toGiful;ajymif;a&;umv\ oabmobm0tavsmuf jzpfay:wwfaom csKdU,Gif; tm;enf;rI &dSjcif;rsm;udk wpfbufESifhwpfbuf oabmxm;BuD;pGm em;vnfay;
           jcif;? tjyKoabmjzifh wnfhrwfay;jcif;? Oya'rsm;jzifh [efYwm;jcif;xuf pnf;½Hk;ynmay;jcif;rsm;jzifh odrfarGUpGm aqmif&Gufoifhonf[k uREfkyfwdkYoabm&ygonf/
        8/ ,if;uJYodkYaom tcgor,wGif owif;rD'D,mrsm;tm; w&m;pGJqdkjcif;rsm;? Ncdrf;ajcmufjcif;rsm;onf tjyeftvSef ,HkMunfem;vnfrI wnfaqmufa&;twGuf
           t[efYtwm;rsm; jzpfapEdkifygonf/
        9/ pnf;urf;azmufzsufrIaMumifh[kqdkum vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,ftm; xkwfa0cGifhvdkifpifudk ,m,D&yfqdkif;xm;jcif;jzifh tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmt& ta&;,lcJhNyD;jzpfygonf/
       10/ xdkUaMumifh tkyfcsKyfa&;tydkif;rS ta&;,lNyD;jzpfonfhtwGuf vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,ft,f'DwmcsKyftm; Oya'aMumif;t& xyfrHta&;,l&efaqmif&GufaerItm; jyefvnf
           ½kyfodrf;ay;yg&ef jrefrmEdkifiHowif;pmq&mtoif; jzpfajrmufa&;aumfrwDu oufqdkif&modkY tav;teuf arwåm&yfcHtyfygonf/
           23-6-2012wGifjyKvkyfaom tpnf;ta0;qHk;jzwfcsuft& -
                                                                                                              jrefrmEdkifiHowif;pmq&mtoif;jzpfajrmufa&;aumfrwD?
                                                                                                                                                         &efukefNrdKU/


  ,mOfrSwfyHkwifcrsm; avsmUcsrIaMumifU ,mOftkd                                                                    ]y} tu©&mtxd usefum;rsm;aemufqkH;tyfESH&rnfU&ufESifU
                                                                                                                  ]A} tu©&mrS ESpf 20 ausmfum;rsm; pwiftyfESH&rnfU&uftygt0if
  ,mOfa[mif;rsm; tyfESHrIjrifUwuf                                                                                 um;tyfESH&rnfUtcsdefrsm; tao;pdwfxyfrHxkwfjyefrnf
eDw;  dk                                OD;oef;atmifausmfu qdkonf/             &if xyfajymif;r,fvdkY ajymae       &efukef? ZGef 25                                 f G H
                                                                                                                                                         nmcsuwif ok;vtwGi; um;      f             w,f/ b,f&ufavmuf aemuf
&efukef? ZGef 25                             ,mOftkd^,mOfa[mif;]y}             w,f}}[k um;tusKd;aqmifwpf               tpkd;&u ZGefv 16 &uf              rsm; tyfESH&rnf[k a&;om;azmf              qkH;tyf&r,f qdkwmrsKd;vnf;
         ZGefv 15 &ufrSpwifum           tu©&m tpD;a&rSm pm&if;Z,m;             OD;u qkdonf/                            G           dk
                                                                                                                  aeYwif ,mOft,mOfa[mif;rsm;             jyxm;aomfvnf; tcsdefumv                   rxkwfjyefxm;ygbl;/ pDrHcsuf
rSwfyHkwifcrsm;avQmhcsrIaMumifh         t& tpD;a& 4400 &Sdum ,aeY                     ,mOftkd^,mOfa[mif; tyf      tyfESH&rnfh pDrHcsufyxrykdif;?         udk twdtus azmfjyxm;jcif;                 yxryk d i f ; &J U aemuf q k H ; &uf
             kd
,mOft^,mOfa[mif;rsm;tyfErI         HS   tcsdeftxd vufcHNyD; tpD;a&             ESHrIrsm; pwifonfh tcsdefrS            d d f           h
                                                                                                                  'kw,yki;ESihf avQmcsrnfh ,mOf               d h
                                                                                                                                                         r&SonftwGuf ,mOfyi&irsm;dk f S f          b,fawmhvqwmrsK; xkwjf yef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    J dk  d
,cifuxufjrifwufvmaMumif; h              1347 pD;&SdNyD; rSwfyHkwifcrsm;        ,aeYtcsdeftxd ]p} tu©&m            rSwfykHwif tcGefEIef;xm;rsm;           tMum; a0cGJr&jzpfum um;                   wmr&Sao;ovdk pDrcsu'w,
                                                                                                                                                                                                            d            H f k d
u.n.e(jrifom)½H;k xHro&onf/ S d         avsmhayghNyD; aemufydkif; ZGef 19      1100 pD;ausmf? ]q}tu©&m            xkwfjyefaMunmxm;NyD; jzpf              rsm;tyfESHa&; pkd;&drfylyefrIrsm;         ykdif; b,fawmhpr,f qdkwm
         ]]t&ifuqdk&if wpf&ufudk        &uf 125 pD;? ZGef 20 &uf 144           1000ausmf? ]Z} tu©&m1700                          H
                                                                                                                  aomfvnf; pDrcsufyxryki;\ d f           jzpfay:vsuf&onf[k ,mOfyif
                                                                                                                                                                         dS                 dk     vnf; rodao;ygbl;/ tao;
tpD;a& 100 avmufytyfw,f/   J            pD;? ZGef 21 &uf 118 pD;? ZGef         ausmf? ]ps} tu©&m 1600 ausmf?      aemufqkH; owfrSwf&uf? pDrH                 f
                                                                                                                                                         &Sirsm;u Venus News Weekly                                           dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                   pdwf xyfNyD;xkwjf yefzYkd &w,fvYkd
tckusawmh tpD;a& 150 avmuf              22 &uf 95 pD; ,mOftkd^,mOf             ]n} tu©&m 1300 ausmf? ]P}          csuf'kwd,ykdif; pwifrnfh &uf           okdY qufoG,fajymMum;onf/                  odxm;ygw,f/ 'gayr,fh pDrH
           h
xdjrifwufvmw,f}}[k u.n.e                a[mif;rsm; tyfESHrI&SdaMumif;          tu© & m 1600 ausmf ? ]x}           tygt0if um;tyfESH&rnfh                       xkdYaMumifh Venus News                         d d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   csuf 'kw,yki;rSmygaewJh um;
(jrifom)½Hk;rS nTefMum;a&;rSL;          u.n.e (jrifom) ½Hk;xHrS od&            tu©&m 2600ausm?f ]'} tu©&m         tcsdefumvrsm;udk tao;pdwf              Weekly u aejynf a wmf & S d               awGeJY ESpf 20 ausmfum;? pDrH
OD;wifarmifaqGu qdkonf/                 onf/                                   3500 ausmf? ]"} tu©&m 3700         xyfrHxkwfjyefrnfjzpfaMumif;            &xm;ydkYaqmifa&; 0efBuD;Xme                      S          h
                                                                                                                                                                                                   csufrmrygwJum;awGu TAXI
         ,mOf rSwfyHkwifcrsm;udk             ]],mOftdk^,mOfa[mif;vJ            ausmf? ]e} tu©&m 1800 ausmf        aejynfawmf &xm;ydkYaqmifa&;                          G f
                                                                                                                                                         xHoYdkqufo,ar;jref;&m uke;            f   tjzpf jyefoGif;r,fqkd&ifawmh
tyfESHaom ,mOfydkif&Sifrsm;t                  f I k f
                                        vS,rvywhJ tcsdeupNyD; tck
                                                           f                   ESifh ]y}tu©&m 1347 pD;vuf         0efBuD;Xme ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmif          vrf;ydYk aqmifa&;nTeMf um;rIO;pD;D        tyfvdkY&aeygNyD/ 'Dum;awGudk
wGuf pDrHcsuf yxrydkif;tjzpf            tcsdexd 9 vwmumvtwGi;
                                               f                        f      cHNyD;pD;aMumif; u.n.e (jrif       a&; nTefMum;rI OD;pD;XmexH             Xme½kH;rS wm0efrSL;u -]]tck               rSwfykHwifaMu; 80 &mcdkifEIef;
]y}tu©&mvufusef,mOfrsm;udk              rSm rl0g'ajymif;wm 7 Budrf&Sd          om)½Hk;xHrS od&onf/                        G f
                                                                                                                  qufo,ar;jref;csuft& od&dS              xufxd ]y}tu©&meJY usefwJh                 avQmhr,fvdkY odxm;ygw,f/
                    h
aumif;^nHrcGjJ cm;bJ 40 &mcdif   k      NyD/ tckvnf; 3 vavmufMum                                         eDwdk;   &onf/ tpdk;&\ xkwfjyefaMu              um;awG qufNyD; vufcHaeyg                  'guvnf; TAXI jyefoi;r,fh      G f
EIe;avsmaumufrnfjzpfaMumif;
    f           h                                                                                                                                                                                  um;awGtwGufyJ}} [k ajymqdk
pDrHcsuf 'kwd,ykdif;tjzpf }A}
tu©&mrS oufwrf;tESpf 20
                                         &wemyHk          Call Center u                     tvkyftudkiftcrJU &SmazGay;rnf[kqdk                                                                     onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                         TAXI rsm;udk oD;jcm;,mOf
,mOfrsm;udk aumif;^nHh rcGjJ cm;                                                                                                                                                                   tjzpf atmufcHteDa&mifwGif
                                                 l
                                        jrwfoatmif                                           fS
                                                                                     ]]tvky&may;zdYk 0efaqmifc    ac:wJh ukrÜPDtay:rlwnfNyD;                     f kd
                                                                                                                                                         oG,vygu tvkytudi&mazGf k f S
bJ 60 &mck d i f E I e f ; avQmh c s    &efukef? ZGef 22                       r,lygbl;/ tvkyf&Sifbufu            tcsd e f a pmif h & rS m yg}}[k Call   ay;onfh 0efaqmifrtjyif use;
                                                                                                                                                                               I          f        t*Fvdyfpm? *Pef;tm; tjzL
aumufcHrnfjzpfaMumif; ZGefv                    &wemyHk Call Center u           vnf; ay;p&mrvdb;/ zke;ac:
                                                                                                   k l     f      Center rS 0efxrf;wpfOD;uajym           rma&;ESiywfoufíaqG;aEG;wdif
                                                                                                                                                                      hf                k          a&mif tjzpf AA-1001 rS 9999
15 &ufu EdkifiHykdifowif;pm             jynfwGif;tvkyftudkif&SmazGay;          qdcyJ,rmyg}} [k¤if;uqdonf/
                                                                                 k      lS               k        onf/                                         kd f
                                                                                                                                                         yifEiaom0efaqmifrrsm;tjyif
                                                                                                                                                                                  I                xdoD;jcm; owfrSwfay;oGm;
wGif xkwfjyefaMunmcJhonf/               jcif;tm; zkef;eHygwf 1875 rS                 tvkyftudkif&SmazG&ef CV           tvkyftudkif &Smvdkolrsm;          tdrfwdkif&ma&muf usef;rma&;               rnfjzpfNyD; AA ukefqkH;ygu
         ]] ]y}tu©&mNyD;&ifNyD;wmeJY    wpfqif0efaqmifc tcrJaqmif
                                                   h                   h       azmifrsm;udk zkef;jzifhqufoG,f     taejzifh zkef;eHygwf1875 odkY          0efaqmifray;jcif;? [dw,f0ef
                                                                                                                                                                            I       k              BB ? CC jzifh qufvufowf
]A}? ]b}eJY oufwrf; 20 &SdwJh           &Gufay;rnfjzpfaMumif; &wem             wifEdkifNyD; rdrdavQmufcsifonfh    qufo,EiNf yD;zke;ac:qdcwpf
                                                                                                                            G f kd         f      k                 I
                                                                                                                                                         aqmifrtwGuf [kdw,f bduif     k            rSwfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tpkd;&
um;awGuprcsutwki;vufcH
                  dk D H f d f          yHk Call Center ESihf yl;aygif;aqmif   &mxl;udkygajymMum;ay;cJh&rnf       rdepfvQif 100 usyf aumufcH             vkyay;jcif;? c&D;oGm; {nfhvrf;
                                                                                                                                                             f                                     \ ZG e f v 16 &uf a eY x k w f
aqmif&GufoGm;rSmyg}}[k pD;yGm;          &GuaeonfBlue Ocean ukrPD
                                             f       h                   Ü     jzpfonf/ ]]udk,favQmufxm;          rnfjzpfNyD; 24 em&Dar;jref;Edkif       ñTefrsm; iSm;&rf;ay;jcif; tp&Sd           owif;pm xkwfjyefcsuft&
a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;            \ taxGaxGrefae*sm OD;wifukd            wJh&mxl;eJY ac:wJhukrÜPD&Sd&if                         Ü D HS d
                                                                                                                  aMumif;,if;ukrPxro&onf/                onfwYkd uygaqmif&uay;rnf
                                                                                                                                                                         kd      G f               od&Sd&onf/
0efBuD;XmerS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;            udk0if;u ajymonf/                          f                G f
                                                                               uReawmfwYkdqufo,ay;rSmyg/               ¤if;zkef;eHygwftm; quf            jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
LOCAL & INTERNATONAL LATEST                                                                                                                                               Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          C

rGefjynfe,fwGif w&m;r0if EdkifiHjzwfausmfvmaom EdkifiHjcm;om; 84 OD;
vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;Oya'jzifU ta&;,l
    f
xGe;awmuf(armfvNrdKif)                                                                                              aMumifh 1947 ckESpf EdkifiHom;                 t& axmif'PfwpfESpfpD csrSwf                    twlaexdkif&ef trdefYcsrSwfcJh
armfvNrdKif? ZGef 25                                                                                                    f kH          f
                                                                                                                    rSwywifjyKvkya&; tufOya'                       cJhonf/ usefuav;i,foHk;OD;                     aMumif; ,if;EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;
                                                                                                                    6 (2) (cGifhjyKcsufr&SdbJ a'o                  rS m uav;ol i ,f Oya't&                        tm; armfvNrdKif tusOf;axmif
                                                        Yd         fS kd f H dk   k f
             a&;NrdKUe,f tH'ifaus;&Gm? ig;rQm;pcef;teD;okb*Fvm;a'h&Eiiyif opfom;ud,xnf
 rGefjynfe,f pufavS wpfpD;pufysufí b*Fvm;a'h&SfEdkifiHom; 86 OD;vdkufygvsuf arv 23
                                                                                                                    ajymif; a&TUjcif;^&Jta&;rykdifrI)                          k
                                                                                                                                                                   ta&;,l&efrvdojzifh rdbrsm;ESihf                                hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  odYk yYdk aqmifconf[k od&onf/
&ufaeY nae 3 em&Dua&muf&SdcJh&m wyfrawmf(a&)rS ¤if;wkdYae&yfjyefEdkifa&;twGuf arv 26
&ufaeY n 10 em&DcefYwGif yifv,fjyifodkY vkdufygykdYaqmifcJhonf/                                                       avjyif;wdkufcwfí vlaetdrfrsm;NydKvJysufpD;
        arv 30 &ufaeYwGif puf         pcef;a& ,mOfrSL; AkdvfrSL;oef;        rI^ &Jta&;ydkifrI) t& vnf;                  xGef;awmuf (armfvNrdKif)
avS0rf;Adkufaygufí acgZmNrdKU         aZmfxkdufxHrS usef&Sd EdkifiHjcm;     aumif;? ZGefv 18 &ufaeY rGef;               armfvNrdKif? ZGef 25
e,fcGJ? aumhvIdifaus;&Gmtkyfpk        om; 84 OD;tm; rGefjynfe,f             wnfh 12 em&DtcsdefcefYwGif                        rGefjynfe,f bD;vif;NrdKU awmifpGef;aus;&GmESifh aygufawmaus;&GmwdkYwGif ZGefv 21 &ufaeY
oJckHaus;&GmokdY a&muf&Sdvm           vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&; 'kñTefrSL;         NrdKUe,f&JwyfzGJUrSL;u w&m;vdk              eHeuf 6 em&DcGJcefYtcsdefu rdk;onf;xefpGm &GmoGef;NyD; avjyif;wdkufcwfcJh&m awmif pGef;aus;&Gm?
ojzifh oJcHkaus;&Gm bkef;BuD;         OD;atmifrif;ESifh tzGJUu vTJ                                   hJ
                                                                            jyKvkyfí w&m;pGJqdkc&m a&;NrdKU             yef;NcHtwGif;rSoGyfrdk;? tkwfn§yfvlaeqdkifcef; ig;cef; trdk;rsm; ysufpD;um wJtdrf av;vHk;ESifh
ausmif;rS vufcHxdef;odrf;xm;          ajymif; vufcHcJhonf/ tqkdyg                          k
                                                                            e,fw&m;½H;u axmif'Pf wpf                    aygufawmaus;&Gm? om,muke;&yfuurS wJtrcepfv; NydKvJysufp;cJaMumif;od&onf/ vlEihf
                                                                                                                                                            f     G f       d f k  kH        D h                           S
cJhNyD; EdkifiHjcm;om; 86 OD;teuf     EdkifiHjcm;om; 84 OD;teuf 43          ESpfpDcsrSwfcJhNyD; usef&Sd 38 OD;rSm       wd&pämefrsm; xdcu'Pf&m&&Srr&Syg/ ysufp;qH;½H;rIwefz;rSm aiGusyf 32 ode;cefYjzpfNyD; bD;vif;
                                                                                                                                          kd f           d I d           D k I        dk              f
rS ESpfOD;rSm a&xJckefcs xGufajy;     OD;rSm b*Fvm;a'h&Sf EdkifiHom;        jrefrmjynf zGm;armifawmNrdKU                NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;OD;rsKd;vGifESifhwm0ef&Sdolrsm;u a'ocHrsm;aexkdif&ef ,m,DwJoHk;vHk;jzifh
oGm;cJhonf/ xdkYaemuf ZGefv           rsm;jzpfí 1949 ckESpf vl0ifrI                    k f
                                                                            e,faexdionfh ,m,DEiiom;      kd f H         pDpOfay;xm;NyD; a'oxGufypönf;rsm;jzifh ysufpD;cJhaomaetdrfrsm;udk jyKjyifay;vsuf&SdaMumif;
16 &uf aeYrGef;vGJ 12 em&DcGJ         BuD;Muyfa&; tufOya'yk'r 13 f          rSwfyHkwifr&Sdjcif;? a'o ajymif;            od&onf/                                                                      xGef;awmuf(armfvNrdKif)
tcsdefcefYwGif arm&0wD a&wyf          (1) (w&m;r0if EdkifiHjzwfausmf        a&TUcGifhvufrSwf ryg&Sdjcif;wdkY


 vpfAsm; 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;udk ¤if;wdkif;jynfodkhjyefydkh[k wleD;&Sm;or®wqkd
vef'ef? ZGef 25                                         G f l D k f
                                      cwfrjI zpfaepOfwiwe;&Sm;EdiiH         qkdcJhonf/                              onf/                                           cJhonf[k od&onf/                               jynf\ vQKdU0Sufcsufrsm;pGmudk
         vpfAsm;EdkifiH\ ,cif0ef      odkY xGufajy;wdrf;a&Smifvm&m                rpöwm rmrkd'Dudk ¤if;wdkif;             vpfAsm;EkdifiHwGif w&m;rQ                      rpöwmrmrdk'Donf 2006                          lS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  odorm ,cktcgolwpfO;wnf;  D
BuD;csKyf jzpfol touf 70              ¤if;wdkif;jynfodkY jyefvnfvTJ         jynfjyefydkYa&;qHk;jzwfcsufudk                    h D I
                                                                                                                    w onfp&ifrukd tmrcHEivQif   kd f               ckESpf rwfvrSpí 0efBuD;csKyft                  om&SdaMumif;? ¤if;\touf
                           d
&SNd yDjzpfonfh rpöwmrmrk'D (Mah      ajymif;ydkYaqmifa&; tpDtpOfudk        wkdifyifjcif;r&SdbJ? ¤if;\o             rpöwmrmrkd'DudkvTJajymif;ay;&ef                jzpfwm0efxrf;aqmifcJhaomf                      twGuf pkd;&drfzG,f&m&SdaMumif;
moudi) onf NyD;cJhonfhESpfu           vkyfaqmifcJhaMumif;? wleD;&Sm;                    D
                                                                            abm wlncsufr&bJ qH;jzwfchJ
                                                                                                    k               ,ckESpftapmydkif;wGif rpöwm                    vnf; *'gzD\wyfzGJUrsm; x&D                                 d D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  rpöwm rmrk'\ a&SUaeu xkwf
    k f S            f
AdvrL;BuD; rGerm*'gzDukd qefY         or®w rGefpDzf rmZluD (Moncef          aMumif; rpöwm rmZluD\ ½Hk;u             rmZluDu uwdjyKxm;NyD; jzpf                     ydkvDNrdKUudk vufvTwfqHk;½HI;cJhNyD;           azmfajymqkdcJhonf/
           kd f kd f
usifwucuonfh ½ke;&if;qef f            Marzouki) u xkwfazmfajym              xkwjf yefcsuwpf&yfjzifh azmfjycJh
                                                                                          f                         aomfvnf; olonf tqdygBudK; k                    csdefwGif vpfAsm;EdkifiHrS xGuf                     vpf A sm;tpk d ; &opf o nf
                                                                                                                    yrf;rItwGuf t"duqefYusif                       ajy;wdrf;a&SmifcJhum w&m;r0if                  zrf;qD; xdef;odrf;xm;oltm;
                                                                                                                    ol jzpfaMumif; arvwGif ajym                    a&mufvmrIjzifh pufwifbmv                       vHk;udk w&m;rQwpGm udkifwG,f
  aqmf'D tm;upm;r,frsm;udk tdkvHypfNydKifyGJ0ifcGifUjyKrnf                                                          qdkcJhonf/                                     wGif wleD;&Sm;EdkifiHü tzrf;cHcJh&             qufqHygrnf[k uwdjyKxm;
                                                                                                                          rpöwm rmrdk'Dudkwe*FaEG                  jcif;jzpfonf[k qdkonf/                         onf[k bDbDpD owif;u azmf
  vef'ef? ZGef 25                                                                                                         G f
                                                                                                                    aeYwi&[wf,mOfjzifh ydYk aqmif                        *'gzD tkyfpkd;csdefwGif wdkif;           jyxm;onf/               rmefopfEdk;
         aqmf'Dtma&;AD;,m;EdkifiHonf aqmf'DtrsKd;orD;tm; upm;orm;rsm;udk tdkvHypftm;upm;
  NydKifyGJwGif ,SOfNydKifEkdif&ef yxrqHk;tBudrftjzpfNydKifyGJ0ifcGifhjyKvdkufNyD[kod&onf/
         aqmf'Dtma&;AD;,m;EdkifiH\ tdkvHypf aumfrwDonf? NydKifyGJ0ifEdkifonfh t&nftcsif;&Sdol
  rnfonfh trsKd;orD;tm;upm;orm;udkrqdk yg0if,SOfNydKifEdkifa&;twGuf BuD;Muyfaqmif&Guf
                                                                                                                                                J       kd f   k U
                                                                                                                       tD&efEsLuvD;,m;aqG;aEG;yGrsm; Zlvivxd qdi;f iHxm;
  oGm;rnf[k wm0ef&Sdolrsm;u xkwfazmfajymqdkcJhonf/
                                                                                                                    armfpukd? ZGef 25                              wdk;yGm;vsuf&SdcJhonf/                         EdkifiHonfEdkifiHwum ppfaq;rI
         vdifcGJjcm;qufqHrItay: tajccHojzifh aqmf'Dtoif;wpfckvHk;udk t&nftcsif;rjynfhrDap
                                                                                                                          tD&efEsLuvD;,m; tpDtpOf                             ]]uRefawmfwdkYu tajz&zdkY           udk cGifhrjyKrcsif;? EsLuvD;,m;
  EdkifaMumif; rMumrDu,lqcsufudk tqkdygqHk;jzwfcsufu tqHk;owfay;rnfjzpfonf/
                      J G         d                     S      I
         tm;upm;yGwif trsK;orD;rsm; yg0if,ONf ydKifrukd aqmf'bmoma&; t,lpBJG uD;olrsm;u tBuD;
                                                                    D                                                                   S f
                                                                                                                    \ tem*wfarQmfre;csuftay:                       twGufarmfpudkNrdKU txdvm                       zGHUNzdK;<u,f0rIqkdif&m tD&ef\
  tus,f uefYuGufvdkufonf[kod&onf/ tqkdygEdkifiHtwGif;wGif tm;upm;NydKifyGJü yg0if,SOfNydKif                            f
                                                                                                                    ESpzufjcm;em;rIudk aygif;ul;Ekif         d     cJh&wmyg/ 'gayr,fh wpfzuf                      tcGifhta&;udk todtrSwfjyK
  onfh trsK;orD;rsm;rSm tpOftvmt&r&Say/ oJuEÅm& bk&ifEiiawmfwpfctaejzifh tkvypfwif
                 d                                d                    h kd f H      k              d H     G       a&;rvkyfEdkifcJhonfh armfpudkNrdKU             tzGJUu tajz&zdkYtqifoifh                       &ef jiif ; qk d x m;onf / ¤if ;
              kd f                                    k
  ,SONf ydKifEi&ef trsKd;orD;rsm;udk cGijhf yKa&;qH;jzwfcsufonf tBuD;tus,f pGeYf pm;&onfh tqifjh zpf                aqG;aEG;yGJtNyD;wGif tD&efESifh                rjzpfao;bl;vdkY uRefawmfwkYd                   ajcmufEdkifiHonf EsLvufeuf
  aMumif;? trsKd;orD;rsm;\ tcef;u@udk vspfvsL½Ixm;onfh vlUtzGJUtpnf;udk qefYusifxm;                                 urÇmUtiftm;BuD;ajcmufEiiwYdk      kd f H       ,HkMunfp&mjzpfae&w,fAsm}}                                   f k f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  rsm; xkwvyEirnhf ,la&eD,H
  onfh qHk;jzwfcsufjzpfaMumif; bDbDpD owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                       tMum; tqifhjrifhEsLuvD;,m;                     [k tqkdygaqG;aEG;yGJ tqHk;                     <u,f0rIudk tD&efEdkifiHtay:
         ]]aqmf'Dbk&iftAÁ'lvm taES;eJYtjrefqdkovkd rSefuefwJh csdefom;udkufnDa&;udk &&SdzdkY odrfarGU               aphpyfaqG;aEG;yGJrsm;udk qkdif;iHhcJh                          D Gf D
                                                                                                                                                                   rowfrwit&efowrefwpfO;         H            D   &yfwef;u &yfapcsifMuonf/
  nifomwJhenf;vrf;eJY jyKjyifajymif;vJa&; tpjyKzdkYBudK;pm;aeygw,f/ tJ'Dudp[m xdvG,f&SvG,f
                                                                                         ö                          aMumif;od&onf/                                 u xkwfazmfajymqkdcJhonf/                               ]]tD&efEsLuvD;,m; tpD
  wJhudpyg}}[k aqmf'DEdkifiH\tBuD;wef;t&m&SdBuDd;wpfOD;u bDbDpDodkYajymjycJhonf/ ]]Oyrm ajym&
            ö                                                                                                             tqk d y g aqG ; aEG ; yG J w G i f                  EsLuvD;,m;avmifpmqD                 tpOf&JUwpfckwnf;aom Nidrf;
  &ifAsm? tBuHay;tzGJUxJrSm trsKd;orD;awG yg0ifa&;udk olucGifhjyKcJhw,f/ 'ghaMumifh tdkvHypf                        ta&;ygonfh jcm;em;rIrsm;&Sdae                             f kf
                                                                                                                                                                   xkwvya&;twGuvtyfaom               f kd         csrf;a&; oabmobm0taeeJY?
  qH;jzwfcsuf[m 'Dvyief;pOf&UJ wpfpwwpfyi;ygyJ/ oD;jcm;pDr[kwygbl;}}[k ¤if;u xyfavmif;
      k                      k f              d f         kd f                  f                                   qJ jzpfaomfvnf; Zlvkdifv 3                     vkyfief;pOfjzpfonfh ,la&eD,H                   EdkifiHwum,HkMunfrIudk jyef
  jznfhpGufcJhonf/                                                                                                  &ufaeYwGifenf; ynmqkdif&m                                           hf dk dk
                                                                                                                                                                   <u,f0a&;ESiyrtqifjh rifonfh              h     vnfxdef;odrf;zdkY &nf&G,fxm;
               d                                    kd f f kd f H                 G
         trsK;orD;rsm; yg0ifa&;udk jiif;qefvuvQiEiiwumtv,fwif t½kyq;zG,&m&Sd vdrrnf     f kd f           hf         aemufqufwGJtpnf;ta0;udk                             f             I
                                                                                                                                                                   vkyaqmifrtjzpf EsLuvD;,m;                      wJh wnfwnfwHhwHh tm;xkwf
  [k tqkdygwm0ef&Sdoluqkdonf/ ]]aqmf'DvlYtzGJUtpnf;u 'DtcsufukdvufcH&rSmyJvkdY uRefawmf                             tpöwefblvfNrdKUwGif usif;y&ef                  AkH;rsm;jyKvkyfa&;wdkYonfh tD&ef               BudK;yrf;rIawGudk tD&efuvkyf
  wdkY,HkMunfygw,f}}[k ¤if;u qkdygonf/                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                    ESpzufoabmwlNyD;jzpfaMumif;                    \ tcGifhta&;jzpfaMumif;? tD                    ay;&r,f } }[k ruú q D u d k w G i f
         trsKd;orD;rsm;ESifhywfoufonfh tjiif;yGm;zG,f&m jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;udk aqmf'Dbk&ifpepf                      Oa&myor*¾EkdifiHjcm;a&;rl0g'                            kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                   &efEii\aphpyfaqG;aEG;ol qm                     usif;yonfh *sD 20 xdyfoD;aqG;
  uausmcdkif;cJhonfrSm þtBudrfonf yxrqHk;tBudrfr[kwfay/                                                             tBuD;tuJ uufo&if;tuf&Sf                        td'f*smvDvD (Saeed Jalili) u                   aEG;yGJrSyl;wGJ xkwfjyefaMunm
         1960 jynfhESpf0ef;usifwGif ½kyfjrifoHMum;udk wifoGif;toHk;jyKcJhNyD; vkyfBuHowfjzwfcH&ol                                  f
                                                                                                                    wefu xkwazmfajymqdconf/    k hJ                tcdkiftrmqkdcJhonf/                            csufwpf&yfwGif? tar&duef
  bk&if azqJvf(Faisal)onfvnf; rdefuav;rsm;twGuf ynmoifMum;a&;udk pwifaqmif&Guf&ef                                         tqkdyg aqG;aEG;yGJonf                               tD&efESifh aqG;aEG;buf              or®w bm;&uftkdbm;rm;ESifh
  wdkufwGef;cJhonf[k od&onf/                                                                                                 h
                                                                                                                    arQmfvifxm;onfxuf ydrMkd um     k              tiftm;BuD;ajcmufEiijH zpfonfh   kd f           ½k&Sm;or®w Avm'DrmylwifwdkY
         ,aeYacwfwGif aqmf'DtrsKd;orD;bGJU&ynmwwfrsm;onf trsKd;om;ynmwwfrsm;xuf                                     anmif;aeojzifh wif;rmrIrsm;                    tar&duefjynfaxmifpk? ½k&Sm;?                   uqkdonf/
  ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmNyDjzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                                                             J       d
                                                                                                                    onf aqG;aEG;yG\ 'kw,aeYEihf                S   w½kwf? ,lau? jyifopfESifh *sm
                                                                                       rmefopfEdk; Ref: BBC
                                                                                                                    aemufqHk;aeYtxd qufvuf                         reDEiiwYkonf? tpövr®por®w
                                                                                                                                                                          kd f H d                        f                                 rmefopfEdk;
  36
  D                Vol-3, No-49, 28, June, 2012, Thursday                                                                                                                 PERSPECTIVE
owif;rD'D,mrsm; &ifckefoHjrefonfU ZGefvukef
rsKd;rif;xdkuf
                              f     G hf         kd                  h YJ
vufxuf pme,fZif;vGwvyfciawGukd 'Drua&pDusifpOfetnD wjznf;jznf;ajzavQmhay;vmwmawGukd BudKqdygw,f/                                                   k            a&;eJY owif;*sme,f trsKd;tpm;ESprsKd;                      f                       S f    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               xm;NyD; usefEprsdK;udvnf; qufvuf
 tpdk;&opf
'gayr,fh tckavmavmvwfvwf owif;*sme,fwpfapmifudk xkwfa0cGifh ,m,D&yfqdkif; vkdufwmawGU&awmh                                                                                J               f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                uvGvYkd usewpmapmiftrsK;tpm;awG                 d              ajzavQmhrIrsm; ay;oGm;rSmjzpfaMumif;
pdwfuoduatmufjzpf&jyefa&m/ tcktpdk;&opf vufxufrSm Xmeqdkif&mawGu owif;*sme,fawGtay:                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                tm;vH;[m BudKwifpppfwhJ pmaypdppf  d                           ajymqdkoGm;wmyg/ tJh'D qufvufajz
w&m;pGJwmawGuvnf; wpfapmifNyD; wpfapmif/                                                                                                                                         d                   k dS
                                                                                                                                                                rIrsKd ; r&Sawmhygbl;/ yHEyjf zefYcsxwa0            d k f      avQmhay;oGm;r,fqdkwJhaemufrSm quf
        pmaypdppfa&;rl0g'awG ajzavQmh                                                                                                                           NyD;&if pmaypdppfudk jyefwifjy&wJh                             ajymwJhpum;u ydkvdkYawmift"dyÜm,f&Sd
ay;NyD; vmr,fh ZGefvukefavmufrSm                                                                                                                                xkwf^wif pepf jzpfoGm;Muwm tck                                 vmygw,f/ odYkaomfvnf;jzpfjcif;ysuf
owif;*sme,fawGtay: BudKwif pdppf                                                                                                                                vmr,fh Zlvdkifvqdk wpfESpfwif;wif;                             jcif; tusdK;w&m;rsm;onf taMumif;
wJh Pre -Censorship r&Sdawmhygbl;vdkY                                                                                                                           jynfhygawmhr,f/ 'gayr,fh owif;                                 w&m;rJhpGm jzpfay:vmavh r&SdbJ
jyefMum;a&; 0efBuD;Xmeu wm0ef&Sd                                                                                                                                OD;pm;ay; pmapmifawGuawmh pmay                                 taMumif;w&m;tajccHíom jzpfay:
yk*d¾KvfawG tBudrfBudrftcgcgajymcJhwJh                                                                                                                          pdppfa&;udk BudKwifwifjyNyD;rS yHkESdyf                        vm&jcif;udk rdrdwdkY owdjyKrd&rnfjzpf
pum;udk jyeftrSwf&rdvdkufygw,f/                                                                                                                                 jzefYcsdae&wkef;ygyJ/ vGefcJhwJh arv                           aMumif;qdkwJh rSmMum;csufygyJ/ jynf
tck ZGefvukefzdkY &uftenf;i,fom                                                                                                                                 avmufwkef;u owif;pmapmifawG                                    axmifpk0efBuD; bmaMumifh tJh'Dpmom;
vdkygawmhw,f/ wu,fyJ Pre-Cen-                                                                                                                                   wif^xkwfuae xkwf^wif jzpfawmh                                  udk xnhfajymwmvJqdkawmh usefwJh
sorship tcef;u@udk uefYvefYumcs                                                                                                                                 r,fqdkvdkY *sme,fwpfapmifrSmqdk&if ...                         bmoma&;eJYowif;*sme,fawG wif^
tqHk;owfawmhrSmvm;qdkwm awG;                                                                                                                                                          k
                                                                                                                                                                &ufomvdawmhonf vdYkawmif azmfjycJh                             xkwfb0uae xkwf^wifb0 ajymif;
awmp&m jzpfvmygNyD/                                                                                                                                             ao;w,f/ tck ZGevukeygawmhr,f/    f            f                          k f H k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               zdYk &m Ediia&;rd;av0oaumif;zdYk vnf;
        wpfaeYu jynfolYvTwfawmf tm;                                                                                                                             xl;jcm;rI ½kd;wdk;&dyfwdyfawmif rjyawmh                        vdkw,fqdkwmudk &nfnTef;oGm;wmvdkY
upm;? ,Ofaus;rIESifh jynfolYqufqH                                                                                                                               bJ pdppfa&;vkyfief;pOfawG ydkNyD;awmh                          jrifygw,f/
a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIaumfrwDu pme,f                                                                                                                             awmif wif;usyfvmwJhoabm aqmif                                          &cdkifjynfe,frSm jzpfysufcJhwJh jzpf
                                  D
Zif;orm;awGeYJ awGUqHNk yD; rD',mOya'                                                                                                                           vmygw,f/ tJ'Dvkdjzpf&wmuvnf;                                   jcif; ysufjcif;oabmudk bmrSrajym
twGuf vTwfawmfrSm aqG;aEG;EdkifzdkY                                                                                                                             &ckdifjynfe,frSm jzpfyGm;cJhwJh rNidrf                               k           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               vdayr,fh rd;av0otajctaeaumif;
tBuHÓPfawG awmif;cJhw,f/ pme,f                                                                                                                                  roufrIawGaMumifh tckvdk pdppfa&;u                              &vmrS ajymif;vJjcif;oabm aqmif&
Zif; owif;orm;awGomru pma&;                                                                                                                                     ydkNyD;MuyfrwfvmwJhoabmvdkY ajymMu                                        kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               r,fqwmuawmh enf;enf;av; tpd;                   k
q&mawG uAsmq&mawGeJY pdwfyg0if                                                                                                                                  w,f/ rSefygw,f/ wdkif;jynfwpfjynf                              &drBf uD;aeovm;vdYk yg/ tck jrefrmEdiiH   k f
pm;ol a wG vmMuw,f / rMumcif                                                                                                                                    rSm w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;rSyJ EdkifiHom;tm;                         u pme,fZif;orm;awG[m wdkif;jynf
xGufay:vmawmhr,f rD'D,mOya'rSm                                                                                                                                  vHk; at;at;csrf;csrf;eJY toufarG;                              qlylrI jzpfrSmudk rvdkvm;Muygbl;/
pme,fZif;orm;awGtwGuf b,fvdk                                                                                                                                    0rf;ausmif;jyKEdkifrSm jzpfygw,f/ qlyl                         aumif;rGefwJhajymif;vJjcif;rsm;eJU wdkif;
tumtuG,f ay;xm;ovJ qdkwJh                                                                                                                                       rIeJY rNidrf;csrf;rIjzpfyGm;atmif vIYHaqmf                     jynfaumif;usdK;udk pwkw¬r@dKiftjzpf
tcsufu pme,fZif;orm;wdkif; pdk;&drf                                                                                                                             wmawG? vIHUaqmfapwJh ta&;tom;                                  tpOf&yfwnf a&;om;aeMuwmyg/
               ö
aewJhudpwpfck jzpfaewmyg/ NyD;awmh                                                                                                                              awGra&;om;MuzdkY? tJvdkrsKd; a&;om;                                          l S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               b,forvnf; aemufaMumif;jyefvnhf             S
rD'D,mOya'u b,favmuftwdkif;                                                                                                                                     xkwfa0vm&if jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;                                 r,fhtjzpfudk ra&mufapcsifMuawmhyg
twmtxd pme,fZif;vGwvyfciay;     f    G hf           jynfoYl vwawmfa&;&m aumfrwD Oya'[m EkdifiHwum pHEIef;rsm;xuf
                                                                      T f                                                                                       Xmeu xkwfjyefxm;wJh pnf;rsOf;pnf;                              bl;/ pme,fZif;owif;orm;awGqdk
rSmvJ/ rD'D,mOya'u vGwfvyfpGm eJYpme,fZif;orm;awG awGUqHkMuwkef; redrfhusbl;? pmayeJYpme,fZif;orm;                                                              urf;rsm;eJY ta&;,lr,fhtjyif yk'fr                              ydkvdkYawmif a&SUqufoGm;csifaewmyg/
a&;om;xkwfa0cGifhawG b,favmuf u pme,fZif;orm;tm;vHk;u tck awG&,f? pmayvGwvyfciawGukd [efY                                       f        G hf                   5(n)? yk'fr 505(c)wdkYeJYyg ta&;,l                             arQmfvifhcsuf a&mifjcnf av;oef;vm
ay;ay; owif;orm;awGudk tcsKyf jy|mef;r,fr',mOya'[m Ediiwum wm;ydwfyifrSm r[kwfbl;vdkY wdkif;od
                                                               h D D                          k f H                                                             axmifcsEdkifw,fvdkY &efukefwdkif;a'o                           csdefrSm aemufaMumif; jyefvSnfhr,fh
axmifwef; vuf,yfac:aeovdk jzpf pme,fZif;vGwvyfcipEe;eJY udunD jynfod urÇmod twdtvif;ajymMum;
                                                                           f       G hf H I f        k f                                                        BuD; 0efBuD;csKyfu &efukeftajcpdkuf                            tjzpfudk rjzpfa&;cs rjzpfcsifMuawmh
aewJh tjcm; wnfqJOya'awGjzpfwJh zdkYtwGuf wnDwñGwfwnf; awmif; xm;ygw,f/                                                                                                                 D
                                                                                                                                                                owif;rD',mawGukd ac:,lowday;cJh                                ygbl;/
tDvufxa&mepf Oya'wdkY? ta&;ay: qd k M uygw,f / aemuf N yD ; owif ;                                             jrefrmEdkifiH[m t&if wpfygwD                     w,f/ tJaemufawmh *sme,fwpfapmif                                         jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xmeu jynf
pDrHcsuf Oya'? EkdifiHawmftm; aESmifh tcsuftvufrsm;udk vlYtcGifhta&; pepf? tmPm&SifpepfawGudk jzwfoef;                                                          owif;eJY owif;"mwfyaMumifh ,m,D            kH                  axmifpk0efBuD; tygt0if wm0ef&Sdol
,Suzsufq;vdorsm;\ab;tEÅ&m,f aMumfjimpmwrf;yg (Article-19) t& vmcJ&vdYkowif;vGwvyfciawGq;½H;
        f         D k l                                                                                         h                 f           G hf       kH I   xkwfa0cGifh &yfqdkif;cHvdkuf&w,f/                              awGtajymt& pme,fZif; vGwvyfcihf    f         G
rS umuG,fonfh Oya'awG &Sdaeyg e,fpnf;rjcm;bJ vGwfvyfpGm&SmazG? cJhw,f/ tck 'Drdkua&pDpepfeJY jynfol                                                             tjcm;*sme,fawGvnf; &cdkifjynfe,f                               &zdk &uftenf;i,fom vdkawmhwJh
ao;w,fvdkY tcsKdUu axmufjyMu &,l? jzefYa0cGijhf yKzdUk ? owif;rD',mrsm; awGu a&G;aumufxm;wJh t&yfom;
                                                                                                  D                                                             owif; awGazmfjycJhMuvdkY owday;cH                              tcsdefrSm pme,fZif;owif;orm;wdkif;
w,f/                                         udk rSwywifwtcsdeutp yHEyjf zefYcsd tpd;&ay:aygufvmNyD;wJaemuf owif;
                                                          f kH         hJ        f              k dS        k                       h                           Mu&w,f/ 'gyJvm; r[kwfao;/ tck                                                 f     I       l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               u vGwvyfreYJwm0ef,r?I vGwvyfrI        f
        rD'D,mOya'udk jyefMum;a&; tqHk; tqifhwdkif;rSm qifqmpepf vGwfvyfcGifhawGudk wpfqifhcsif; wpf                                                                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                ,m,Dxwa0cGihf &yfqi;cH&wJ*sme,f          kd f        h         eJY qifjcifwkHw&m;udk tjrJwrf;,SOfwGJ
0efBuD;Xmeu OD;aqmifa&;qGJaeawmh rxm;&SzYkd / aemufNyD; owif;orm;rsm; qifcsi;ay;aew,fvYkdqw,f/ or®w
                                                           d                                                  h f                     kd                        udk &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&u                               ESvHk;oGif;aeMuwmyg/ tcktcsdefrSm
thJ'DOya'rSm bmawGygovJqdkwm pm twGuf owif;vkyfief;qdkif&mawGrSm BuD;OD;odef;pdefu owif;rD'D,mawGudk                                                            w&m;pGJcJhw,f/ pGJwJhyk'fru 505(c)eJY                          owif;pmapmifawGu t,f'DwmawG
e,fZif;owif;orm;wdi;u odcsifae tjypfuif;vGwcijhf yKzdYkeYJ tumtuG,f pwkw¬r@dKiftjzpf tav;xm;ajymqdk
                          k f                                             f G                                                                                   (*)wJh/ yk'fr 505(c)u qlylatmif                                [mvnf;&vmwJh pme,fZif; vGwvyf           f
wmyg/ jyefMum;a&; 0efBuD;Xmeu ay;r,fhtcsufawGudk xnfhoGif;a&;qGJ NyD; rD'D,mawG&JU a0zefaxmufjycsuf                                                             vIHUaqmfNyD; EdkifiHawmfudk xdckdufapwJh                                               f f f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               rIabmifuae csihcsihcsdecsdea&;om;ae
wm0ef&SdolawGu tckolwdkYa&;qGJae apzkdYvnf; wifjycJhMuwmawG &Sdyg awGudk tav;*½kjyKzdkY tpdk;&tkyfcsKyf                                                         jypfrIyg/ 'Dawmh tpdk;&opfvufxuf                               Muwmyg/ tckZGefv&JU aemufqHk;ywf
       k dS f D D
wJh yHEyr',mOya'[m tmqD,wi; w,f/      H kd f                                                             a&; ,EÅ&m;awGudk rdefYMum;cJhw,f/                      rSm w&m;pGJcH&wJh pmapmifwpfapmif                              23 &ufaeY/ vukefzdkY ckepf&ufom vdk
jynfawG&JU rD'D,mOya'awGxuf ydkNyD;                 wcsKdUu rD'D,mOya' xGufvm or®wBuD;&JU rD'D,mawGtay:xm;wJh                                                   xyfwdk;vmygNyD/                                                ygawmhw,f/ ]wdk;wufwJhtjrifr&SdwJh
aumif;rGefw,f? EdkifiHwum pHEIef;awG &if tJ'DOya'xJrSm pme,fZif;orm; oabmxm;udk owif;orm;wdi; arQmf                                                  k f                 NyD;cJhwJh pma&;q&mtoif; yxr                          a&S;½dk;pGJawG? acwfaemufjyefqGJvdkol
xufredrfhusbl;vdkY ajymxm;ygw,f/ awGudk abmifcwfuefYowfNyD; vGwf vifhcsufBuD;BuD;xm;NyD; BudKqdkcJhMu                                                           tBudrf nDvmcHrSm jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;                            awGudk aemufrSmcsefxm;cJh&ygr,f} qdk
'gayr,fh bmawG b,fvdkaumif;rGef vyfciukd wpfpwwpfyi;yJay;r,fvYkd w,f/
                                                     G hf                    d f        kd f                                                                    Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;&JU pmayvGwf                             wJh EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;&JU orkdif;0if
w,fqdkwm tcktcsdeftxd twdtus xifMuygw,f/ trsm;pk pdk;&drfMuwJh                                                          D f h f
                                                                                                               tck tJ'arQmvifcsuawGukd apmifh                               G hf
                                                                                                                                                                vyfcieYJywfoufNyD; ajymoGm;wmav;                               rdefYcGef;udk ajy;ajy;owd&&if;/
rod&ao;awmh rD',mOya'udk qifp; tcsufuawmh Oya'u vGwfvyfcGifh pm;vmcJMh u&if; jrefrmpme,fZif; vGwf
                        D                  D                                                                                                                    udk owdjyKrdygw,f/ pmaypdppfa&;                                        ZGefvukefeD;uyfvmwmeJYtrQ pm
jrif;zrf;ovdk &rf;oef; yHkazmfae&wJh ay;ayr,fh enf;Oya'awGu vGwvyf vyfcGifheJYtajymif;tvJ wu,fyJ jzpf f                                                         rl0g'awGudk tqifhqifhajymif;vJ usifh                           e,fZif; owif;orm;awG &ifceojH ref k f
um,uH&Sif owif;orm;awGtwGuf cGifhudk ydwfqdkYxm;r,fqdk b,fvdkvkyf vmrvm;vdYk ar;cGe;awGxwvmMuyg                               f            k f                      k
                                                                                                                                                                oH;aeNyD; tck pmaytrsKd;tpm; 10 rsKd;                          aerSmuawmh taotcsm/
ydkNyD; ylyefpdk;&drfMuw,fqdkwm rqef; MurvJwJh/ jyefMum;a&; 0efBuD;Xme w,f/ pmaypdppfa&;rl0g'awG wjznf;                                                         teuf 8 rsKd;udk pdppfa&;BudKwifwifjy
bl;vdkY xifygw,f/                            jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;u yHkESdyfrD'D,m jznf; ajzavQmhvmwm tckqdk bmom                                                  p&mrvdbJ vGwvyfpm xkwa0cGiay;
                                                                                                                                                                                  k            f      G           f     hf                                         rsKd;rif;xdkuf

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1588
posted:6/29/2012
language:
pages:36