SPECIFICATION AND MSDS OF HEXANE
Hexane (Food Grade)
Hexane is one of the Hydrocarbon solvents whose origin is petroleum. It has a very narrow boiling
range of 63-70OC. BPCL is marketing Hexane as “Hexane, Food Grade”. It is meeting BIS
specification IS:3470-1966. It also conforms to the specifications of various International
organisations like WHO/FAO/UNICEF protein advisory Group.
Major uses of our Bharat Petroleum Hexane, Food Grade :
The product is essentially used as solvent in the extraction of vegetable oils like Groundnut,
mustard, cottonseed, gingili seed, rapeseed. Most of these oils are used for edible purposes
and in the manufacture of soaps.
It is used for the extraction of essential oils from flowers.
For the preparation of rubber adhesives and can sealing compounds.
Gas generation plants basically for laboratories.
In pharmaceutical industries as a carrier.
Safety Information :
Reactivity Data - Chemically stable and incompatible with strong oxidizers. Reacts
vigorously with oxidizing agents. Mixtures with di-nitrogen tetraoxide.
Health Hazard Data - Routes of entry may be through inhalation, ingestion, dermal
absorption and eye.
Effects of Exposure / Symptoms :
Inhalation causes irritation of respiratory tract may lead to cough, mild depression, and
cardiac arrhythmia. Higher concentrations produce drowsiness fatigue and loss of appetite.
Causes sever lung irritation coughing pulmonary oedema, excitement followed by
Ingestion may lead to nausea, vomiting, swelling of abdomen, headache and depression.
Skin and eye contact causes irritation.
Emergency Treatment :
Inhalation - Maintain repulsive, give oxygen if needed. Enforce Bed rest.Ingestion - Do not induce
Skin - Wipe off the affected area and wash with soap and water. For any type of exposure seek
medical aid immediately.
Eye - Wash with plenty of water for 15 minutes.
Handling and Storage Precaution :
Store in a dry, cool and explosion-proof area. Avoid contact with liquid or vapours. Provide face
sheets or safety goggles to protect eyes, plastic or rubber hand gloves, eye wash facilities.
It should be stored in closed container away from heat & source of ignition. As handling and safety
precaution, avoid contacts with liquid or vapours and use personnel protective equipment.
The fire fighting media to be used is foam, DCP/CO2. Do not use water jet.
Specification of Hexane (Food Grade):
Sr.No Characteristics Requirements Test Method Ref. to
[P:] of IS:1448 Appndx
1 Distillation [P:18] Method --
a) Initial boiling point 63 B --
(IBP)OC, Min 70 -- --
b) Dry pointOC, Max 2 -- --
c) Temperature range of final --
2 Composition :
a) Aromatics, % v, Max 1.0 [P:63] --
b) Saturates, % v, Min 98.5 [P:23] --
3 Density at 25OC, gm/ ml, Max 0.687 IS:3470-66 A
4 Colour (Saybolt), Min (+) 30 [P:14] --
5 Sulphur content, ppm, Max 75 IS:3470-66 B
6 Copper strip corrosion, 3 hrs. at 1 [P:15] Method C --
7 Doctor test Negative [P:19] --
8 Lead, gm/ litre, Max 0.0005 IS:3470-66 C
9 Phosphates, ppm, Max 20 [P:54] --
10 Chlorides (as Cl), ppm, Max 20 IS:3470-66 D
11 Bromine number, Max 1 [P:44] --
12 Non-volatile residue, gm/ 100ml, 0.001 IS:3470-66 E
13 Reaction of non-volatile residue To pass the test IS:3470-66 F