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Alcohol By Jordyn J. What is Alcohol? Alcohol is a clear drink that is made from corn, barley, grain, rye, or a beverage containing ethyl. When a person drinks alcohol, about 20% is absorbed in the stomach, and 80% is absorbed in the small intestine. The concentration of alcohol, the type of drink, and whether the stomach is full or empty depends on how fast the alcohol is absorbed. Once the alcohol is absorbed into the tissue, it affects your mind and body. Blood alcohol concentration can rise up to 20 minutes after having a drink. After alcohol is absorbed it leaves the body in three ways: the kidneys, lungs, and liver. Street Names for Alcohol Booze Brew Cold One Juice Sauce Hard Stuff Vino Liquor Long Term Effect of Alcohol Sudden cessation of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and liver. In addition, mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants may suffer from mental retardation and other irreversible physical abnormalities. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics Short Term Effects of Alcohol The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person's size, weight, age, and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed. The disinhibiting effect of alcohol is one of the main reasons it is used in so many social situations. Other effects of moderate alcohol intake include dizziness and talkativeness; the immediate effects of a larger amount of alcohol include slurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea, and vomiting. Alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol can also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including domestic violence and child abuse. Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness, and fatigue. Psychological Side Effects of Alcohol Although alcohol initially makes people feel relaxed, long term excessive use can ultimately increase anxiety and cause depression. It is also related to problems with sleeping, mood- swings, violence and suicide (about two-thirds of suicide attempts are thought to involve alcohol). Alcohol is a depressant. In addition to that, it damages relationships, interferes with work, and is generally disruptive to a happy and productive life. All of these things can lead to depression. Alcoholism can also lead to anxiety, since it puts relationships and careers at risk. It often leads to legal problems, as well, which can produce anxiety. Alcoholics often feel anxious about their own alcohol use, although this may be expressed in odd ways. For instance, the alcoholic may become angry and defensive when questioned about their alcohol use. Alcoholism side effects include social isolation. The alcoholic tends to avoid social situations where alcohol will not be served. As mentioned above, alcoholics also tend to get annoyed with people who question their drinking. Social isolation can lead to a number of issues, including depression and anxiety. Where to Find Help for Someone Who is Addicted to Alcohol Go to http://www.addict-help.com/ Or call 1-866-905-4550 Is Alcohol Legal or Illegal? Alcohol is legal for anyone who is above the age of 21. For anyone who is under the age of 21, alcohol is illegal. Facts About Alcohol Just about everyone knows that the legal drinking age throughout the United States is 21. But according to the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, almost 80% of high school students have tried alcohol. Alcohol is used in liquid form. Types include beer, wine, and liquor. Alcoholism is a disease — a chronic, progressive, fatal disease if not treated. More Facts About Alcohol The human body produces its own supply of alcohol naturally on a continuous basis, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Every year, more money is spent promoting the use of alcohol than any other product. Perhaps through its elaborate and creative marketing, the most basic, yet important fact about alcohol is often overlooked — alcohol is a drug — the most commonly used and widely abused psychoactive drug in the world.
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