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AIDS Powered By Docstoc

            Fifth Grade
       By Linda Cooper, RN
   Aids is a communicable disease.
   Aids is caused by a virus. The name of the
    virus is HIV. A virus is the smallest kind of
   Can you see germs?
   HIV stands for:
       Human Immunodeficiency Virus
   AIDS stands for:
       Acquired Immune Deficency Syndrome
   Germ
       A microorganism or pathogen that causes a disease.
       Can you name a germ?
   Communicable Disease
       Disease that can be spread from one person to another.
       Can you name some communicable disease?
   Non-Communicable disease
       Is NOT caused by a pathogen
       It is the malfunction of some body system or organ.
       Can you name a non-communicable disease?
   Chronic
       The person is frequently ill with the same disease for a long time
        and usually has no cure.
The Immune System’s Reaction to Germs
The Process is called “Chain of Infection”

   Germs enter through a body opening.

   The killer cells discover the germs and
   Some germs escape, hide and start to
    make more of themselves.
   If there are a lot of germs, the killer
    cells signal the Helper T cells.(dispatchers)
The Chain of Infection cont.
   Helper T cells alert the B cells.
   B cells (swat team) go to their office to discover the chemical
     code of the germs.
   B cells produce antibodies based on the chemical code.
   Antibodies lock up germs. (They handcuff the germs.)
   Killer cells destroy the locked up germs.
   Memory cells keep the chemical code of each germ in a memory
   If the germ invades again the B Cells quickly produce antibodies
    which keep us from getting sick.
   This is how all of our vaccines work.
What happens when you get a
   The killer cells destroy the cold virus
    through the “chain of infection reaction”
What happens when HIV
enters the body?
   HIV destroys the white blood cells so
    the whole immune system is disabled.
Transmission of AIDS
   HIV is NOT spread through:
    the air, sneezes or coughs.
   HIV is NOT spread from a mosquito
   HIV is NOT spread by drinking after
    someone or using a public restroom.
   HIV is NOT spread by anything outside
    the body.
How is HIV spread?
    HIV is only in the these body fluids:
1.   Blood
2.   Sexual secretions, such as semen or
     vaginal fluids
3.   Breast milk

    HIV is very hard for kids to catch.
Four Ways HIV is Spread
   By having sex with someone who has HIV. Sex is for
    adults ONLY. Adults who have sex with a lot of different people
    have a greater chance of getting HIV. For this and many other
    reasons, most adults will decide to wait until they are married
    and have been tested for HIV and other sexually transmitted
    diseases. People with Aids look healthy at first, so it’s not safe
    to have sex until you know your partner is free of disease. Aids
    is very serious. If you get Aids, there is no cure.

   Through hypodermic needles. Drug users often use the
    same needle. If a drug users has Aids, the virus can spread to
    the drug user who uses the same needle.
   Since doctor always use a new, clean, sterile needle there is no
    danger of being contaminated with Aids or any other disease.

       Ways HIV is spread: cont.
           From mother to her unborn baby. If a
            pregnant woman has HIV, the virus can
            pass to her baby before or during her
            delivery of the baby if she isn’t given an
            antiviral medication.
          HIV is also spread through breast milk.
Reasons to abstain from
sexual contact until marriage:
   Pregnancy
   Sexually transmitted diseases
   The future could be drastically changed
   The person could catch Aids and die
Ways Aids is spread. Thumbs
up or thumbs down.
   Getting a mosquito bite
   Eating in the school cafeteria
   Hugging someone
   Shared hypodermic needles
   Using a public restroom or phone
   Having sex
   Drinking from a water fountain
   Exchanging blood
   Shaking hands
   Swimming in a public pool
What happens after HIV is in
the blood?
   HIV destroys the white blood cells.
   Since the white blood cells are destroyed, the antibodies can’t
    be produced. If the person with Aids is exposed to a cold, the
    person will become very ill.
   At first, they may develop flu like symptoms with constant fever
    and weight loss.
   As time goes on, they may develop a severe type of pneumonia
    or a cancer which appears as big purple marks on the skin.
    These are called opportunistic diseases.
   It will take many years for HIV to completely destroy the
    immune system. The average is around 10 years and with
    treatment and a strong immune system they can live longer.
   Researchers are trying to find a cure for Aids, but as of now, all
    cases of Aids are fatal, which is very sad.
Ways to keep your immune
system strong:
   Eat a healthy breakfast.
   Avoid fast food, sugary desserts, and soda.
   Get exercise each day: 30 minutes at least.
   Sleep 8 hours each night.
   Wash hands frequently. What are two very
    important times?
   Eat 5 fruits and vegetables per day.
   Drink 6-8 glasses of water per day.
   Daily bath or shower and use deodorant.
   Is it more dangerous for you to be
    around a person with Aids or
   Is it more dangerous for the person
    with Aids to be around other people
    who may have colds, flu or other
       Thumbs up or thumbs down
          Bacteria are the smallest of the germs.
   Antibodies and white blood cells are part of
    the immune system.
   Antibodies are chemicals which disable germs
    until the killer cells destroy them.
   When a cold virus reacts with a killer cell, the
    killer cells are destroyed.
   When HIV reacts with Helper T cells,
    the Helper T cells are destroyed.
   HIV is spread through the air and public
   HIV is transmitted by blood and sexual
   HIV is spread by coughs and sneezes.
Cont. 2
   HIV is very hard to catch.
   People with Aids can recover with
    plenty of rest.
   Aids is a fatal disease.
   It is more dangerous for the person
    with Aids to be around other people
    because they don’t have a healthy
    immune system.
Cont. 3
   If you receive a shot in a doctor’s office, you
    can get Aids.
   People who take illegal drugs can get Aids if
    they share the same needle.
   Sex is for adults ONLY. Adults who have sex
    with many people have a greater chance of
    being infected with many sexually transmitted
    diseases such as Aids.
    Cont. 4
   You can always tell if a person has Aids
    because they look very ill.
   A lady who has Aids has no risk of
    transmitting Aids to her baby if she becomes
   A friend is bleeding. You can help by applying
    pressure with your hand.
   A person with Aids needs as much care and
    concern as anyone who is ill.

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