By Linda Cooper, RN
Aids is a communicable disease.
Aids is caused by a virus. The name of the
virus is HIV. A virus is the smallest kind of
Can you see germs?
HIV stands for:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
AIDS stands for:
Acquired Immune Deficency Syndrome
A microorganism or pathogen that causes a disease.
Can you name a germ?
Disease that can be spread from one person to another.
Can you name some communicable disease?
Is NOT caused by a pathogen
It is the malfunction of some body system or organ.
Can you name a non-communicable disease?
The person is frequently ill with the same disease for a long time
and usually has no cure.
The Immune System’s Reaction to Germs
The Process is called “Chain of Infection”
Germs enter through a body opening.
The killer cells discover the germs and
Some germs escape, hide and start to
make more of themselves.
If there are a lot of germs, the killer
cells signal the Helper T cells.(dispatchers)
The Chain of Infection cont.
Helper T cells alert the B cells.
B cells (swat team) go to their office to discover the chemical
code of the germs.
B cells produce antibodies based on the chemical code.
Antibodies lock up germs. (They handcuff the germs.)
Killer cells destroy the locked up germs.
Memory cells keep the chemical code of each germ in a memory
If the germ invades again the B Cells quickly produce antibodies
which keep us from getting sick.
This is how all of our vaccines work.
What happens when you get a
The killer cells destroy the cold virus
through the “chain of infection reaction”
What happens when HIV
enters the body?
HIV destroys the white blood cells so
the whole immune system is disabled.
Transmission of AIDS
HIV is NOT spread through:
the air, sneezes or coughs.
HIV is NOT spread from a mosquito
HIV is NOT spread by drinking after
someone or using a public restroom.
HIV is NOT spread by anything outside
How is HIV spread?
HIV is only in the these body fluids:
2. Sexual secretions, such as semen or
3. Breast milk
HIV is very hard for kids to catch.
Four Ways HIV is Spread
By having sex with someone who has HIV. Sex is for
adults ONLY. Adults who have sex with a lot of different people
have a greater chance of getting HIV. For this and many other
reasons, most adults will decide to wait until they are married
and have been tested for HIV and other sexually transmitted
diseases. People with Aids look healthy at first, so it’s not safe
to have sex until you know your partner is free of disease. Aids
is very serious. If you get Aids, there is no cure.
Through hypodermic needles. Drug users often use the
same needle. If a drug users has Aids, the virus can spread to
the drug user who uses the same needle.
Since doctor always use a new, clean, sterile needle there is no
danger of being contaminated with Aids or any other disease.
Ways HIV is spread: cont.
From mother to her unborn baby. If a
pregnant woman has HIV, the virus can
pass to her baby before or during her
delivery of the baby if she isn’t given an
HIV is also spread through breast milk.
Reasons to abstain from
sexual contact until marriage:
Sexually transmitted diseases
The future could be drastically changed
The person could catch Aids and die
Ways Aids is spread. Thumbs
up or thumbs down.
Getting a mosquito bite
Eating in the school cafeteria
Shared hypodermic needles
Using a public restroom or phone
Drinking from a water fountain
Swimming in a public pool
What happens after HIV is in
HIV destroys the white blood cells.
Since the white blood cells are destroyed, the antibodies can’t
be produced. If the person with Aids is exposed to a cold, the
person will become very ill.
At first, they may develop flu like symptoms with constant fever
and weight loss.
As time goes on, they may develop a severe type of pneumonia
or a cancer which appears as big purple marks on the skin.
These are called opportunistic diseases.
It will take many years for HIV to completely destroy the
immune system. The average is around 10 years and with
treatment and a strong immune system they can live longer.
Researchers are trying to find a cure for Aids, but as of now, all
cases of Aids are fatal, which is very sad.
Ways to keep your immune
Eat a healthy breakfast.
Avoid fast food, sugary desserts, and soda.
Get exercise each day: 30 minutes at least.
Sleep 8 hours each night.
Wash hands frequently. What are two very
Eat 5 fruits and vegetables per day.
Drink 6-8 glasses of water per day.
Daily bath or shower and use deodorant.
Is it more dangerous for you to be
around a person with Aids or
Is it more dangerous for the person
with Aids to be around other people
who may have colds, flu or other
Thumbs up or thumbs down
Bacteria are the smallest of the germs.
Antibodies and white blood cells are part of
the immune system.
Antibodies are chemicals which disable germs
until the killer cells destroy them.
When a cold virus reacts with a killer cell, the
killer cells are destroyed.
When HIV reacts with Helper T cells,
the Helper T cells are destroyed.
HIV is spread through the air and public
HIV is transmitted by blood and sexual
HIV is spread by coughs and sneezes.
HIV is very hard to catch.
People with Aids can recover with
plenty of rest.
Aids is a fatal disease.
It is more dangerous for the person
with Aids to be around other people
because they don’t have a healthy
If you receive a shot in a doctor’s office, you
can get Aids.
People who take illegal drugs can get Aids if
they share the same needle.
Sex is for adults ONLY. Adults who have sex
with many people have a greater chance of
being infected with many sexually transmitted
diseases such as Aids.
You can always tell if a person has Aids
because they look very ill.
A lady who has Aids has no risk of
transmitting Aids to her baby if she becomes
A friend is bleeding. You can help by applying
pressure with your hand.
A person with Aids needs as much care and
concern as anyone who is ill.