1. Computer languages
Go to the Webopedia website at www.webopedia.com. Webopedia is an online dictionary and
search engine for computer and Internet technology definitions. You can access the
information by using the search facility. Look up the computer languages in the table below
and then complete the table.
Computer language Meaning Use
Scientific applications that
Fortran/FORTRAN Formula translator require extensive
COmmon Business Oriented Business applications that run
Language on large computers
Often used to teach
Named in honour of the programming
scientist Blaise Pascal Also used in the business
Originally designed to teach
Beginner's All-purpose programming.
Symbolic Instruction Code Today also used for a variety
of business applications
Very popular for graphics
Adds object-oriented features
C++ applications in Windows and
to its predecessor, C
Prolog Programming Logic applications (e.g. expert
US military applications.
Often the language of choice
Named after Augusta Ada
for large systems that require
Ada Byron; considered to be the
real-time processing, e.g.
world's first programmer
banking and air traffic control
LISP List Processor
An expert system is a computer application that performs a task that would otherwise be
performed by a human expert. For example, there are expert systems that can diagnose human
illnesses or make financial forecasts.
C# (pronounced C Sharp) is a multi-paradigm programming language that encompasses
functional, imperative, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented
programming disciplines. It was developed by Microsoft.
C# is intended to be a simple, modern, general-purpose, object-oriented programming
language. Its development team is led by Anders Hejlsberg, the designer of Borland's Object
Pascal language. It has an object-oriented syntax based on C++ and is heavily influenced by
2. Go to www.computerhistory.org/timeline and complete the table below.
Hewlett-Packard was Founded. 1939
FORTRAN, a general-purpose programming 1957
language, was developed by IBM.
BASIC, an easy-to-learn programming 1964
language, was created.
The first electrically powered and computer- 1969
controlled robot arm was created.
The first advertisement for a microprocessor, 1971
the Intel 4004, appeared in Electronic News.
The Kenbak-1, the first personal computer, 1971
was advertised for $750 in Scientific
The first e-mail was sent. 1971
An IBM team, originally led by David 1971
Noble, invented the 8-inch floppy diskette.
Steve Wozniak designed the Apple I, a 1976
single-board computer. With specifications
in hand and an order for 100 machines at
$500 each from the Byte Shop, he and Steve
Jobs got their start in business. About 200 of
the machines sold before the company
announced the Apple II as a complete
USENET was invented as a means for 1979
providing mail and file transfers. USENET
enabled its users to post messages and files
that could be accessed and archived.
Sony introduced and shipped the first 3 1/2" 1981
floppy drives and diskettes.
Apple Computer launched the Macintosh, the 1984
first successful mouse-driven computer with
a graphic user interface.
The World Wide Web was born when Tim 1990
Berners-Lee developed HyperText Markup
Microsoft shipped (released) Windows 3.0. 1990
The Linux operating system, is now one of 1991
several open source Unix-like operating
systems, was introduced.
The Pentium microprocessor was released. 1993
The Mosaic web browser, the first 1993
commercial software that allowed graphical
access to content on the internet, was
Yahoo, one of the Internet’s most popular 1994
search engines, was founded.