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                        Ball
                        Fro m Wikipedia, the free encyclo pedia

                           For other uses, see Ball (disambiguation).
Navigatio n
                        A ball is a round, usually spherical but sometimes ovoid, object with various uses. It is used in
Main page                                                                                                                                 Look up ball in Wiktionary, the
                        ball games, where the play of the game follows the state of the ball as it is hit, kicked or thrown
                                                                                                                                          free dictionary.
Co ntents               by players. Balls can also be used for simpler activities, such as catch, marbles and juggling.
Featured co ntent
                        Balls made from hard- wearing materials are used in engineering applications to provide very
Current events          low friction bearings, known as ball bearings. Black powder weapons use stone and metal balls
Rando m article         as projectiles.
Do nate to Wikipedia
                        Although many types of balls are today made from rubber, this form was unknown outside the
                        Americas until after the voyages of Columbus. The Spanish were the first Europeans to see
Interactio n
                        bouncing rubber balls (albeit solid and not inflated) which were employed most notably in the
Help                    Mesoamerican ballgame. Balls used in various sports in other parts of the world prior to
Abo ut Wikipedia        Columbus were made from other materials such as animal bladders or skins, stuffed with various
Co mmunity po rtal      materials.
Recent changes          As balls are one of the most familiar spherical objects to humans, the word "ball" is used to refer
Co ntact Wikipedia      to, or to describe, anything spherical or near- spherical.

                                 Co nt e nt s                                                                                    A football
To o lbo x
                         1 Etymo lo gy
What links here
                         2 Histo ry
Related changes              2.1 Ancient Greeks
Uplo ad file
                              2.2 Ancient Ro mans
Special pages
                              2.3 Mo dern ball games
Permanent link           3 Images
Cite this page           4 See also
                         5 References
Print/expo rt

Create a bo o k         Etymology
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                     The first known use of the word ball in English in the sense of a globular body that is played with was in 1205 in Laȝamon's Brut, or
Printable versio n
                     Chronicle of Britain in the phrase, "Summe heo driuen balles wide ȝeond Þa feldes." The word came from the Middle English bal (inflected
                     as ball-e, -es , in turn from Old Norse böllr (pronounced [bɔlːr]; compare Old Swedish baller, and Swedish boll) from Proto- Germanic ballu-
Languages            z, (whence probably Middle High German bal, ball-es, Middle Dutch bal), a cognate with Old High German ballo, pallo, Middle High
Ænglisc              German balle from Proto- Germanic *ballon (weak masculine), and Old High German ballâ, pallâ, Middle High German balle, Proto-
arago nés            Germanic *ballôn (weak feminine). No Old English representative of any of these is known. (The answering forms in Old English would
Avañe'ẽ              have been beallu, -a, -e - - compare bealluc, ballock .) If ball- was native in Germanic, it may have been a cognate with the Latin foll-is in
azərbaycanca         sense of a "thing blown up or inflated." In the later Middle English spelling balle the word coincided graphically with the French balle "ball"
български            and "bale" which has hence been erroneously assumed to be its source. French balle (but not boule) is assumed to be of Germanic
brezho neg           origin, itself, however.
bo sanski
català
                     History
Чӑвашла
                     A ball, as the essential feature in many forms of gameplay requiring physical exertion, must date
Cebuano              from the very earliest times. A rolling object appeals not only to a human baby but to a kitten and
česky
                     a puppy. Some form of game with a ball is found portrayed on Egyptian monuments, and is
dansk
                     played among aboriginal tribes at the present day. In Homer, Nausicaa was playing at ball with
Deutsch
                     her maidens when Odysseus first saw her in the land of the Phaeacians (Od. vi. 100). And
Ελληνικά
                     Halios and Laodamas performed before Alcinous and Odysseus with ball play, accompanied
españo l             with dancing (Od. viii. 370). The Hebrews have no mention of the ball in their scriptures. [1]
Esperanto
euskara              Ancient Greeks
                                                                                                                                Russian leather balls ( Russian: мяч
‫ﻓﺎرﺳﯽ‬
                     Among the Greeks games with balls (σφαῖραι) were regarded as a useful subsidiary to the more              и), 12- 13 century.
français
                     violent athletic exercises, as a means of keeping the body supple, and rendering it graceful, but
furlan
                     were generally left to boys and girls. Of regular rules for the playing of ball games, little trace
Gaeilge
                     remains, if there were any such. The names in Greek for various forms, which have come down to us in such works as the Ὀνομαστικόν
Gàidhlig
                     of Pollux of Naucratis, imply little or nothing of such; thus, ἀπόρραξις only means the putting of the ball on the ground with the open hand,
galego
                     οὐρανία, the flinging of the ball in the air to be caught by two or more players; φαινίνδα would seem to be a game of catch played by two
贛語
                     or more, where feinting is used as a test of quickness and skill. Pollux (i. x. 104) mentions a game called ἐπίσκυρος, which has often
한국어
                     been looked on as the origin of football. It seems to have been played by two sides, arranged in lines; how far there was any form of
Հայերեն
                     "goal" seems uncertain.[1]
hrvatski
Ido                  Ancient Romans
Bahasa Indo nesia
                     Among the Romans, ball games were looked upon as an adjunct to the bath, and were graduated to the age and health of the bathers,
italiano
                     and usually a place (sphaeristerium) was set apart for them in the baths (thermae). There appear to have been three types or siz es of
‫ע ברית‬
                     ball, the pila, or small ball, used in catching games, the paganica, a heavy ball stuffed with feathers, and the follis, a leather ball filled with
Basa Jawa

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Basa Jawa
                     air, the largest of the three. This was struck from player to player, who wore a kind of gauntlet on the arm. There was a game known as
Қазақша
                     trigon, played by three players standing in the form of a triangle, and played with the follis, and also one known as harpastum, which
Kurdî
                     seems to imply a "scrimmage" among several players for the ball. These games are known to us through the Romans, though the names
Лезги
                     are Greek.[1]
Latina
latviešu
                     Modern ball games
Lëtzebuergesch
                     The various modern games played with a ball or balls and subject to rules are treated under their various names, such as polo, cricket,
lietuvių
                     football, etc.[1]
magyar
മലയാളം
Bahasa Melayu
                     Images
мо нго л
                                                   This section looks like an image gallery. Wikipedia policy discourages galleries of random
Nederlands
                                                   images of the article subject; please improve or remove the section accordingly, moving freely
नेपाली
                                                   licensed images to Wikimedia Commons if not already hosted there.
日本語
no rsk (bo kmål)
no rsk (nyno rsk)
Oʻzbekcha
po lski
po rtuguês
ro mână
Runa Simi
русский
саха тыла
                      Co mputed to mo graphy o f   Bao ding balls             Baseball                  Basketball                   Billiard balls
Sco ts
                      a fo o tball (so ccer)
Seso tho sa Lebo a
                      (Video )
shqip
sicilianu
slo venčina
slo venščina
Ślůnski
‫ﮐورد ی‬
srpsko hrvatski /
српско хрватски
suo mi
svenska
                      Bo wling ball (and pin)      Lacro sse ball             Cricket ball              Go lf ball next to a ho le   Rugby unio n ball
த


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  లుగు
ไทย
то ҷ икӣ
Türkçe


українська
Tiếng Việt
Vo lapük
Võ ro
               Australian rules fo o tball    Tennis ball                     Vo lleyball                American Fo o tball           Water po lo ball
Winaray
粵語
中文           See also
                 Ball (mathematics)
                 Buckminster Fullerene "Bucky balls"
                 Football (ball)
                 Kickball
                 Marbles
                 Penny floater
                 Prisoner Ball
                 Shuttlecock
                 Super Ball

             References
                 1. ^ a b c d     Chisho lm, Hugh, ed. (19 11). "Ball". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

              Categories: Balls        National Toy Hall of Fame inductees



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