PowerpointPresentation describing different leadership types. The presentation goes over the three types of leadership styles, leadership vs. management, theories of leadership, and job performance.
Types of Table of Contents Definition of Leadership………................. Slide 3 – 7 Three Types of Leadership Styles ……………………….. Slide 8 – 11 Leadership & Job Performance ……………….. Slide 12 – 14 Leadership versus Management ……………….. Slide 15 – 19 Theories of Leadership ……… Slide 20 - 22 Definition of Leadership • Leadership is one of the most important The ability to guide, direct or characteristics of an influence organization’s framework. • Defining leadership has been a challenge. Leadership The information also addresses: • The role of emotions & The ability to guide, direct or influence vision. • Leadership effectiveness, and performance. • Leadership in different contexts. How it can differ from related perceptions. • Critiques of leadership. Leaders must fulfill three functions: 1. Provide for the well being of those being led. 2. Offer a social organization in which people feel relatively secure. 3. Instill a set of principles. Leadership styles reference… A Leader’s Behavior In 1939, a group of researchers set out to identify different styles of leadership. Further research has identified more specific types of leadership, however, this early study was very influential because it defined three major leadership styles. In the study, groups of schoolchildren were assigned to one of three groups with an authoritarian, democratic, or laissez-fair leader. The children were then led in an arts and crafts project. Researchers observed the behavior of children’s responses to the different styles of leadership. The Three Types of Autocratic Authoritarian Leadership • Makes independent • Less creative decision decisions. making. • Gives clear expectations: • It is harder to move from an • What needs to be done authoritarian style to a • When it should be done democratic style. • How it should be done • Abuse is viewed as • Clear division between controlling, bossy, and leadership and followers. dictatorial. Strong Points Critiques Democratic Participative Leadership • Usually the most effective • The leader retains the final style. decision. • Offers guidance to team members: • Participates in the group. • Allows input from other group members. • Contributions are of a higher quality because members feel engaged. Strong Points Critiques Laissez-Faire (Free Reign Leaders) Delegative Leadership • Can be effective when team • Least productive because it members are highly offers little or no guidance. qualified in their respective • Leaves decision making to areas. team members. • Considered better than the • Often leads to poorly defined authoritarian style. roles and lack of motivation. • Not as effective as the democratic style. Strong Points Critiques Leadership Performance • It has been argued that the actual influence of leaders on organizational outcomes is overrated and romanticized. • Practitioners and researchers do recognize and accept that leadership is important. • It is important to understand and accurately measure leadership performance. Job Performance • Is expected to add to organizational success. • There is no consistent, overall definition of leadership performance. • Conceptualizations are often lumped together under: Leadership performance Leadership effectiveness Leadership versus Management Leadership Leadership can be viewed as: • Centralized or decentralized • broad or focused. • Decision-oriented or morale- centered. • Intrinsic or derived from some authority. Leadership versus Management Management One clear distinction could provide the following definition: • Management involves power by position. • Leadership involves power by influence. Distinctions Between the Two • Administer • Innovate • Ask how & when • Ask what & why • Focus on systems • Focus on people • Do things right • Do the right things • Maintain • Develop • Control • Inspire trust Managers Leaders Distinctions Between the Two • Short term perspective • Long term perspective • Accept the status quo • Challenge the status quo • Have an eye on the bottom • Have an eye on the line horizon • Imitate • Originate • Follow others • Are their own person • Copy • Show originality Managers Leaders Theories of Leadership Trait Theory Describe the types of behavior and personality tendencies associated with effective leadership: • Talents • Skills • Physical characteristics Theories of Leadership Criticism of the Trait Theory Although trait theory has an intuitive appeal, difficulties have risen in proving its beliefs, and opposing beliefs which frequently challenge this approach. The "strongest" versions of the trait theory view these "leadership characteristics" as innate, and accordingly labels some people as "born leaders" because of their psychological makeup.
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