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					                                         CHAPTER IV


                                  FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS


       This chapter sconsisted of the findings of the researh and discussion that contains of

interperation of data analysis in the detail.the findings of the reseasch covers the result of data

collected through the writitng test.


   A. Findings


   SIKLUS 1


   1. Planning

           This activity was done before the action, where the researcher prepared the lesson

       plan through implementing the clustering technique, and teaching material, and

       evaluation for students.

   2. Action

           The activity in this stage was the implementation of the lesson plan. It means that the

       implementation of every steps of the learning process through clustering technique which

       had been arranged in the planning stage.

           The stages were done in the lesson plan at the cycle 1 as follows:
3. Observation

      The students collected their final writing, and it was analyzed as follows:

   a. The Students’ Progress in Content

      1) The students’ mean score in content

         The use of clustering technique in the form of teaching strategy of English

      Writing skill could assess the students’ achievement of content. It is proved by the

      writing test as indicated by the significant difference between the score of the data

      source and the result of cycle 1 in the following table.

             Data Source                 Result of Cycle 1                Percentage

                  32                             33                         3.125%



         The data in the table above shows the students’ writing skill in content as the

      result of calculating of the data source and students’ test at the students’ improving

      writing by using clustering technique, where the students’ score in data source is

      different from the students’ test. The mean score in data source was 32 and the

      students’ test was 33. In other that, the students’ progress different in content was

      3.125%, it was shown in this following graphic.
          33
         32.8
         32.6
         32.4
                                                                  Data Source
         32.2
                                                                  Cycle 1
           32
         31.8
         31.6
          31.4




2) The students’ tabulation of frequency in content

               Based on the data and analysis was got the result of learning writing

   content in the cycle 1 in the following table and graphic below.



   No               Score                Frequency                    Percentage



    1.               10                       -                             -
    2.               15                       -                             -
    3.               20                       -                             -
    4.               25                       -                             -
    5.               30                      16                         29%
    6.               35                       5                          9%
    7.               40                       7                         12%
    8.               45                       -                             -
   10.               50                       -                             -
                  Total                      28                         50%
                 Average                                  33
                                           30
                        30

                        25

                        20

                         15                                        40
                                                       35
                         10
                             5
                             0




               Based on the table and graphic above, it can show that there are 16

       students (29%) got score 30, 5 students (9%) got score 35, 7 students (12%) got

       score 40. The average score was 33. The data also indicates that there are still 16

       students got under the average.

b. The Students’ Progress in Language use.

   1) The students’ mean score in language use.

       The application of clustering technique as one of teaching strategy of English

writing could assess the students’ progress of writing skill to the good organization with

the writing test as indicated by the significant difference between the mean score of the

data source and the result of the cycle 1 as shown in the following table.

        Data Source                  Result of Cycle 1                   Percentage

             32                                 33                        3.125%




       The data in the table above shows the students’ writing skill score as the result of

the calculating of students’ data source and the result of test at the students’ writing skill
in making good language use by using clustering technique, where the students’ mean

score in the in the data source was 32 and in the result of the cycle 1 was 33. Therefore, it

can be concluded that the students’ progress different was 3.125%.It was shown in this

following graphic.




             33
           32.8
           32.6
            32.4
                                                                        Data Source
            32.2
                                                                        Cycle 1
              32
            31.8
            31.6
            31.4




   2) The students’ tabulation of frequency in language use


       Based on the data and analysis was got the result of learning writing content in the

cycle 1 in the following table and graphic below.
       No                Score               Frequency                    Percentage



        1.                10                       -                           -
        2.                15                       -                           -
        3.                20                       -                           -
        4.                25                       -                           -
        5.                30                       18                        36%
        6.                35                       4                          8%
        7.                40                       6                         22%
        8.                45                       -                           -
       10.                50                       -                           -
                  Total                            28                         50
                 Average                                        33




                40                30


                30
                                                           40
                 20

                                              35
                 10

                     0




       Based on the table and graphic above, it can show that there are 18 students (36%)

got score 30, 4 students (8%) got score 35, 6 students (22%) got score 40. The average

score was 33. The data also indicates that there are still 16 students got under the average.
          Based on the findings above the students’ mean score in writing was 66, it means

  that the students improvement from the data source to the cycle 1 was 3.125%. While, the

  successful minimal criteria (KKM) was 70. So, it means that the activity in the cycle 1

  had not achieved yet the successful minimal criteria (KKM).


4. Reflection


          The series of activity as like planning, action, and observation would be continued

  by reflection, to analyze the fault and success in the learning and teaching process. The

  difficulty that the researcher found in the cycle 1 was the students still difficult to get idea

  and organize their writing to be a good paragraph. To correct the weakness was found in

  the cycle 1, so the researcher revised the lesson plan in the cycle 2. This revision of the

  writing was done before the activity would be done, where the teacher would change the

  activity in prewriting by implementing clustering technique.


SIKLUS 2


1. Revision Planning

      This stage was done before implementing the action. The researcher prepared the

  action as like revision of lesson plan, and the evaluation that would be used to collect the

  data.

2. Action

          The activity in this stage was the implementation of the lesson plan. It means that

   the implementation of every steps of the learning process through Clustering techniqe

   which had been revised in the planning stage.

      The stages were done in the lesson plan at the cycle 1 as follows:
3. Observation

   The students collected their final writing, and it was analyzed as follows:

  a. The Students’ Progress in Content

     1) The students’ mean score in content

         The use of clustering technque in the form of teaching strategy of English Writing

      skill could assess the students’ achievement of content. The extended writing was

      implemented after doing several corrections from the first cycle. It is proved by the

      writing test as indicated by the significant difference between the score of the result

      of cycle 1 and the result of cycle 2 in the following table.




           Result of Cycle 1             Result of Cycle 2                 Percentage

                  33                             35                           6.06%



         The data in the table above shows the students’ writing skill in content as the

      result of calculating of the data source and students’ test at the students’ writing skill

      by using clutering techniqe, where the students’ score in data source is different from

      the students’ test. The mean score in the result of cycle 1 was 33 and the result of

      cycle 2 was 35. In other that, the students’ progress different in content was 6.06%, it

      was shown in this following graphic.
          35

         34.5

          34
                                                                        cycle 1
         33.5
                                                                        cycle 2
           33

         32.5

           32




2) The students’ tabulation of frequency in content

           Based on the data and analysis was got the result of learning writing

   content in the cycle 1 in the following table and graphic below.




   No             Score                 Frequency                     Percentage



    1.             10                        -                            -
    2.             15                        -                            -
    3.             20                        -                            -
    4.             25                        -                            -
    5.             30                       9                           16%
    6.             35                       12                          22%
    7.             40                       7                           12%
    8.             45                        -                            -
   10.             50                        -                            -
                Total                       28                          50%
               Average                                          35



                                                      35
                        12
                                          30
                        10

                         8                                           40
                         6
                         4
                             2
                             0




              Based on the table and graphic above, it can show that there are 9 students

      (16%) got score 30, 12 students (22%) got score 35, 7 students (12%) got score

      40. The average score was 35. The data indicates that there is improvement from

      the cycle 1 to the cycle 2. Even though, there are still 9 students got value under

      the average.

b. The Students’ Progress in Language use.

  1) The students’ mean score in Language use.


         The use of clustering techniqe in the form of teaching strategy of English

  Writing skill could assess the students’ achievement of language use. The extended

  writing was implemented after doing several corrections from the first cycle. It is

  proved by the writing test as indicated by the significant difference between the score

  of the result of cycle 1 and the result of cycle 2 in the following table.


    Result of Cycle 1               Result of Cycle 2                     Percentage
             33                              35                            6.06%




       The data in the table above shows the students’ writing skill score as the result of

the calculating of students’ data source and the result of test at the students’ writing skill

in making good language use by using clustering technique, where the students’ mean

score in the in the data source was 32 and in the result of the cycle 1 was 33. Therefore, it

can be concluded that the students’ progress different was 6.06%. It was shown in this

following graphic.




              35

            34.5

              34
                                                                              cycle 1
             33.5
                                                                              cycle 2
               33

             32.5

               32




   2) The students’ tabulation of frequency in language use.


       Based on the data and analysis was got the result of learning writing content in the

cycle 1 in the following table and graphic below.
       No               Score              Frequency                  Percentage



       1.                10                      -                         -
       2.                15                      -                         -
       3.                20                      -                         -
       4.                25                      -                         -
       5.                30                      6                       11%
       6.                35                      15                      27%
       7.                40                      7                       12%
       8.                45                      -                         -
       10.               50                      -                         -
                 Total                           28                       50
                Average                                      35




               30                           35

               25

                20

                15               30
                                                        40
                10
                    5
                    0




       Based on the table and graphic above, it can show that there are 6 students (11%)

got score 30, 15 students (27%) got score 35, 7 students (12%) got score 40. The average
  score was 35. The data indicates that there is improvement from the cycle 1 to the cycle

  2. Even though, there are still 6 students (11%) under the average score.


          Based on the findings above the students’ mean score in writing was 70 and the

  successful minimal criteria (KKM) was 70. So, it means that the activity in the cycle 2

  the students can achieve the successful minimal criteria (KKM).


4. Reflection


         The result of the reflection in the cycle 2 was shown that there was the significant

  improvement from the cycle 1 to the cycle 2, where the students’ mean score could be

  increase from 6.4 in the data source to be 7.00 in the cycle 2. So, the researcher

  concluded that the indicator in writing could be achieved, it means that the researcher

  didn’t need to do next cycle.


B. DISCUSSION

  This part is divided into two elements of writing as follows:

  1. Content


         The improvement the students’ writing ability by using clustering tehnique had

  effect that was effective. Where, the researcher found in the data source of content that

  the students just could get score that was 32, it means that it was far from the target, but

  after implemented the students could get the indicator score that was 35 in the cycle 2.


         The researcher taught about the narrative paragraph in the cycle 1 through

  implementation of clustering techniqe in the class. The researcher found that the students

  still difficult to write, they are still confused what they want to write in the paper. So, the
result of their idea that they write in their writing was still less. For example in the

closing test of the theme “WENT TO BEACH” just contained one sentence, last week I

went to losari beach white my friends.


       The difficulty of the students in writing had been analyzed, so the researcher had

to think the solution of the problem. So, the researcher decided to do the cycle 2 by doing

revision in the lesson plan which prepared in revision planning of cycle 2.


       The result of revision planning to resolve the students’ difficulty in getting idea

was in the prewriting activity the researcher changed the method free writing to be

clustering. Besides changing the method in prewriting the researcher also change the

teaching material of narrative text. It was done to avoid the repetition in learning and

teaching process.


       Based on the findings above, the researcher found there was a good response from

the students about the implementation revision planning of extended writing project

assessment. Where, the students’ mean score could get the target score that was 35.


2.    Language use

       Implementation of clustering technique in the class, the researcher found that the

mean score of data source in language use was 32. In the cycle 1, the students just got 33,

and in the cycle 2, the students got 35. Meanwhile the target score was 35, it means that

the target score could be achieved in the cycle 2.

       The researcher taught about the narrative test in the cycle 1 through

implementation of clustering echnique in the class. The researcher found that the students
had difficulty to organize the idea. The students have less skill in organization element of

writing.

       Narrative test consists of introduction, complication and resolution. Meanwhile,

the result of the students’ writing is still vague the readers. They do not finish one space.

They have to tell about certain space then other. For example, the theme of “WENT TO

BEACH”, in the first paragraph the students should finish telling the orientation part of

narrative paragraph then they move to second paragraph as complication. The fact, they

had not finished yet the orientation part then they move to another paragraph. So, their

writing was still vague for the readers.

       Based on the unsuccessful teaching in the cycle 1, the researcher decided to do

cycle 2. In the cycle 2, the researcher revised the lesson plan. Where, when the researcher

explained about the kind of paragraph the researcher should explain more clearly, if

needed gave the students occasion to ask about the material. Besides that, the researcher

had to give better guidance for the student in organizing their idea.


       Based on the findings above, the researcher found that the students could be more

understand about the space of paragraph, for example: the descriptive paragraph of their

“HOME”, the students explained about their home regularly (Introduction-body-

conclusion).


       Finally, the students’ mean score could get the target score that was 35. The

researcher concluded that the students’ writing mean score based on the elements of

content and language use was 70, it means that the target that had been said in the chapter

1 could be achieved.

				
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Description: This chapter sconsisted of the findings of the researh and discussion that contains of interperation of data analysis in the detail.the findings of the reseasch covers the result of data collected through the writitng test.