The Australian Iron Ore Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile by BRICdata

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                            The Australian Iron Ore Mining
                            Industry to 2016: Market Profile
BRICdata
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                            Published: April 2012

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                             © BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied
TABLE OF CONTENTS



TABLE OF CONTENTS

1         Mining Industry Outlook in Australia .................................................................................................. 5
1.1       Mining Industry Market Size and Growth Potential ................................................................................. 5
1.2       Market Share and Production Trend Analysis by Mining Category ......................................................... 6
2         Regulatory Framework ........................................................................................................................ 11
2.1       Regulation of Foreign Investments ........................................................................................................ 11
2.2       Organization Health and Safety (OHS) Standards ................................................................................ 12
2.3       Market Entry Route ................................................................................................................................ 12
3         Iron Ore ................................................................................................................................................. 14
3.1       Overview of Iron Ore Mining Sub-Category .......................................................................................... 14
3.2       Reserves, Production and Consumption ............................................................................................... 14
3.2.1     Total reserves ........................................................................................................................................ 14
3.2.2     Total production ..................................................................................................................................... 15
3.2.3     Total consumption ................................................................................................................................. 19
3.3       Imports and Exports .............................................................................................................................. 20
3.3.1     Iron ore import ....................................................................................................................................... 20
3.3.2     Iron ore export ....................................................................................................................................... 21
3.4       Top Active Projects ................................................................................................................................ 22
3.5       Key Processing Units ............................................................................................................................ 23
3.6       News and Deals..................................................................................................................................... 24
3.7       Competitive Landscape ......................................................................................................................... 25
4         Competitive Landscape and Strategic Insights ............................................................................... 26
4.1       Competitive Landscape: Overview ........................................................................................................ 26
4.2       Key Companies ..................................................................................................................................... 29
4.2.1     BHP Billiton Ltd: overview ..................................................................................................................... 29
4.2.2     BHP Billiton Ltd: recent announcements and strategic initiatives ......................................................... 29
4.2.3     BHP Billiton Ltd: products ...................................................................................................................... 30
4.2.4     Rio Tinto Ltd: overview .......................................................................................................................... 32
4.2.5     Rio Tinto Ltd: recent announcements and strategic initiatives .............................................................. 32
4.2.6     Rio Tinto Ltd: products and services ..................................................................................................... 33
4.2.7     Fortescue Metals Group Ltd (Fortescue): overview .............................................................................. 34
4.2.8     Fortescue Metals Group Ltd (Fortescue): recent announcements and strategic initiatives .................. 34
4.2.9     Fortescue Metals Group Ltd (Fortescue): products............................................................................... 34
5         Appendix .............................................................................................................................................. 35
5.1       About BRICdata ..................................................................................................................................... 35
5.1.1     Areas of expertise .................................................................................................................................. 35
5.2       Methodology .......................................................................................................................................... 36
5.3       Definitions .............................................................................................................................................. 37
5.4       Disclaimer .............................................................................................................................................. 38




The Australian Iron Ore Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                                                           Page 2

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                                                        Published: April 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS



LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Australian Mining Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 .................................................................................................. 5
Figure 2: Australian Mining Industry Production Volume by Mineral Category (% Share), 2011 and 2016.................................................... 6
Figure 3: Australian Coal Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 ..................................................................................................... 7
Figure 4: Australian Iron Ore Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 ............................................................................................... 8
Figure 5: Australian Bauxite Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016................................................................................................. 9
Figure 6: Australian Phosphate Rock Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016................................................................................. 10
Figure 7: Australian Salt Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 .................................................................................................... 10
Figure 8: Australian Iron Ore Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2011 ............................................................................................. 15
Figure 9: Australian Iron Ore Production Volume (Million Tons), 2012–2016 ............................................................................................. 16
Figure 10: Australian Iron Ore Production Value (AUD Million), 2007–2011 ............................................................................................... 17
Figure 11: Australian Iron Ore Production Value (AUD Million), 2012–2016 ............................................................................................... 18
Figure 12: Australian Iron Ore Consumption Value (Million Tons), 2007–2016 .......................................................................................... 19
Figure 13: Australian Iron Ore Import Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2011 .................................................................................................. 20
Figure 14: Australian Iron Ore Export Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2011 .................................................................................................. 21
Figure 15: Australian Leading Iron Ore Producers (% Share), 2011 ........................................................................................................... 25
Figure 16: Australian Leading Mining Companies – Revenue Comparison (US$ Million), 2007–2011........................................................ 27




The Australian Iron Ore Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                                                                   Page 3

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                                                               Published: April 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS



LIST OF TABLES


Table 1: Australian Mining Industry Entry Strategy of Foreign Companies, ................................................................................................ 12
Table 2: Australian Iron Ore Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2011............................................................................................... 15
Table 3: Australian Iron Ore Production Volume (Million Tons), 2012–2016............................................................................................... 16
Table 4: Australian Iron Ore Production Value (AUD Million), 2007–2011 .................................................................................................. 17
Table 5: Australian Iron Ore Production Value (US$ Million), 2007–2011................................................................................................... 17
Table 6: Australian Iron Ore Production Value (AUD Million), 2012–2016 .................................................................................................. 18
Table 7: Australian Iron Ore Production Value (US$ Million), 2012–2016................................................................................................... 18
Table 8: Australian Iron Ore Consumption Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2011 ........................................................................................... 19
Table 9: Australian Iron Ore Import Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2011 ..................................................................................................... 20
Table 10: Australian Iron Ore Export Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2011 ................................................................................................... 21
Table 11: Key Projects............................................................................................................................................................................... 22
Table 12: Key Australian Iron Ore Processing Units .................................................................................................................................. 23
Table 13: Australian Leading Mining Companies – Financial Comparison (US$ Million), 2007–2011 ......................................................... 27
Table 14: Exchange Rate (US$–AUD), 2007–2016 ................................................................................................................................... 37




The Australian Iron Ore Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                                                                                          Page 4

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                                                                                   Published: April 2012
MINING INDUSTRY OUTLOOK IN AUSTRALIA



1 Mining Industry Outlook in Australia
Australia possesses a large supply of natural resources, and the country‟s sustainable economic model has attracted a
high level of foreign direct investments (FDIs) during the review period (2007–2011). The country contains the world‟s
largest reserves of nickel, silver, zinc and brown coal. In addition, Australia has reserves of bauxite, black coal, copper,
gold, diamond and iron ore that rank within the six largest of their kind in the world. Australia is the world‟s largest
producer of bauxite and alumina, and the third-largest producer of zinc, iron ore and gold. Furthermore, the country is a
net exporter of numerous mineral categories.

Australia‟s political stability and low levels of political interference make the country‟s mining industry one of the most
attractive for investments in the world. Moreover, due to the country‟s geographical proximity to the emerging economies
of China and India, Australia is expected to register increased demand for natural resources from these economies.
Australia recorded strong export and production growth in its key minerals in 2009, despite the adverse impact of the
global economic crisis in the same year. This indicates the strength and sustainable economic model being followed in the
country.

1.1 Mining Industry Market Size and Growth Potential
Australian mining production is expected to record a CAGR of 7.41% over the forecast period
Due to Australia‟s strong mineral exports growth, the country‟s mining production, which includes coal, two major metallic
minerals of iron ore and bauxite and two non-metallic minerals of phosphate rock and salt, grew at a CAGR of 6.91%
during the review period, to reach 994.7 million tons in 2011. The production is also expected to register a CAGR of 7.41%
over the forecast period, to reach a volume of 1.4 billion tons in 2016.
The majority of Australia‟s minerals are exported to developed countries, such as Japan and the EU. However, the share
of exports to developing countries, such as China and India, increased during the review period. The overall mineral
output and exports from Australia will grow over the forecast period, as a result of increased demand due to the global
economic recovery and the rapid development of emerging economies.
The following figure displays the volume of Australian mining production during 2007–2016.

 Figure 1: Australian Mining Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016




Source: BRICdata analysis                                                                                         © BRICdata




The Australian Iron Ore Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                     Page 5

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                     Published: April 2012
MINING INDUSTRY OUTLOOK IN AUSTRALIA



1.2 Market Share and Production Trend Analysis by Mining Category
Metallic minerals is the largest category in the Australian mining industry
The meta
								
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