Present Participle 现在分词的形式： 动词+ing（doing） 否定形式：not doing 完成式： having done 被动式：being done 完成被动式: having been done 独立主格结构：sb./sth.+ doing Study the following sentences: 1. The falling snow was so beautiful. 2. He soon had them all laughing. 3. I saw a soldier getting on the train.. 4. The music is much pleasing to the ear.. 5. Hearing the news, they set off for Shanghai at once. 6. He turned off the lamp, seeing nothing. 7. Generally speaking, this novel is not very inspiring. 8. Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was closed. 9. That being the case, we’d better make another plan. 现在分词的作用：现在分词在句 中可作表语、定语、宾语补足语 和状语，但不能单独作谓语。 (1)现在分词作表语 The game is very exciting. What he said was very touching. The lotus flowers in the lake are very pleasing. Is your father still living? It is boring to see outside on the journey by air. The books by Mark Twain are quite interesting. (2)现在分词作定语 We can see the flowers nodding gently in the wind. There is a piano standing in the sky. Those were the problems puzzling her day and night. A barking dog seldom bites. There is nothing doing． (3)现在分词作宾语补足语 See, observe, notice, watch, hear, smell, listen to, look at, feel, find… She smelt something burning． Listen to the birds singing beautifully in the garden. catch, set, have, make, get, start, leave, keep… The joke set them all laughing. her remark left me wondering what he was driving at. I won’t have you doing that again. Do you hear the door bell ringing? . (4)现在分词作状语,表时间、原因、伴随、条 件和结果等。 When leaving the airport, they waved again and again. Being a layman in matter of culture, I would like to study them. he walked down the hill, singing softly to himself. Turning to the right, you will find a path leading to his cottage. the old scientist died all of a sudden, leaving the project unfinished . (5) Useful sentences about the grammar In doing the work he met a lot of difficulties. Being sick, he did not attend the class. Having finished his work， he went out to play. Turning around， we saw an old woman walking towards the river. The output of steel increased by 15% last year， reaching 30000 tons. Look at the snow falling in great flakes. Not wanting to continue my service in the plant， I jointed the army. The plant being built is a steel mill. Read aloud all the example sentences on each page.
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