现在分词 Present Participle by yurtgc548

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									Present Participle
现在分词的形式: 动词+ing(doing)
否定形式:not doing
完成式: having done
被动式:being done
完成被动式: having been done
独立主格结构:sb./sth.+ doing
Study the following sentences:
1.  The falling snow was so beautiful.
2.  He soon had them all laughing.
3.  I saw a soldier getting on the train..
4.  The music is much pleasing to the ear..
5.  Hearing the news, they set off for Shanghai at once.
6.  He turned off the lamp, seeing nothing.
7.  Generally speaking, this novel is not very inspiring.
8.  Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was
    closed.
9.  That being the case, we’d better make another plan.
现在分词的作用:现在分词在句
中可作表语、定语、宾语补足语
和状语,但不能单独作谓语。
(1)现在分词作表语
The game is very exciting.
What he said was very touching.
The lotus flowers in the lake are very
 pleasing.
 Is your father still living?
 It is boring to see outside on the journey by
 air.
 The books by Mark Twain are quite
interesting.
 (2)现在分词作定语
 We  can see the flowers nodding gently in the
  wind.
  There is a piano standing in the sky.
  Those were the problems puzzling her day and
  night.
 A barking dog seldom bites.
 There is nothing doing.
    (3)现在分词作宾语补足语
 See, observe, notice, watch, hear, smell, listen to,
  look at, feel, find…
  She smelt something burning.
  Listen to the birds singing beautifully in the garden.
 catch, set, have, make, get, start, leave, keep…
  The joke set them all laughing.
  her remark left me wondering what he was driving
  at.
  I won’t have you doing that again.
 Do you hear the door bell ringing?
.
(4)现在分词作状语,表时间、原因、伴随、条
  件和结果等。
 When leaving the airport, they waved again and
  again.
  Being a layman in matter of culture, I would like to
  study them.
  he walked down the hill, singing softly to himself.
 Turning to the right, you will find a path leading to
  his cottage.
  the old scientist died all of a sudden, leaving the
  project unfinished .
(5) Useful sentences about the grammar
 In doing the work he met a lot of difficulties.
  Being sick, he did not attend the class.
  Having finished his work, he went out to play.
 Turning around, we saw an old woman walking

    towards the river.
   The output of steel increased by 15% last year,
    reaching 30000 tons.
   Look at the snow falling in great flakes.
   Not wanting to continue my service in the plant, I
    jointed the army.
   The plant being built is a steel mill.
Read aloud all
the example
sentences on
each page.

								
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