Jolly useful maths - Excel by gnAMGr1

VIEWS: 76 PAGES: 82

									     Welcome to Excel
           If this is the first time you've used an Excel spreadsheet then here are some tips to get y
            Firstly, here is a picture of how it looks on my PC. Yours is bound to be slightly differen
You may need to click on the larger square maximise icon here to make the excel window fill the screen, if it
doesn't already.

       Or better still, double click on a blank bit of the title bar -
       no risk of clicking on EXIT or minimise by mistake then.




                                                                                    Somewhere on the tool bar will be the zoom
                                                                                    control. Change this from 100% to something
                                                                                    you pick (or type in) if the writing is too big or
                                                                                    on your screen.


         To see further down the page, click the white space at the bottom of the slider control.
         OR press the PageDown key on the keyboard.



                  To see further right then click on the white space on the right hand end of the slider control
                  here. DON'T use the arrows on the bottom left - they change the pages.



                      Move to another page by clicking on one of these tabs. The one that is in bold
                      type is the page you are on now.
                      There may also be some hyperlinks to help with this navigation too.




                                        In this spreadsheet I have made the cells you are allowed to change WHITE. Try
                                        clicking on this cell, change the number, then press ENTER or TAB or click
                                        elsewhere. Note how Excel does the sum for you instantly.

          12            X            12             =          144
                                                                         As well as being brilliant with maths, Excel has some use
                                                                         lists of things.
                                                                         Sometimes you are able to click on an autofilter triangle,
                                                                         want and Excel will then hide all the irrelevant answers.
                                              want and Excel will then hide all the irrelevant answers.
                                              triangle, then on animal from the pick list that appears. S
                                              Now return to normal by clicking on the triangle and pick
         TYPE        THING
         Animal      Goat
         Vegetable   Carrot
         Mineral     Granite
         Vegetable   Potato
         Mineral     Quartz
         Animal      Cow
         Animal      Dog

END OF LESSON - Now click on the Index tab to move to that page.
heet then here are some tips to get you started.
Yours is bound to be slightly different though.
 cel window fill the screen, if it




  Somewhere on the tool bar will be the zoom
  control. Change this from 100% to something else
  you pick (or type in) if the writing is too big or small




 hand end of the slider control




The one that is in bold




 you are allowed to change WHITE. Try
 hen press ENTER or TAB or click




 being brilliant with maths, Excel has some useful tricks for long

es you are able to click on an autofilter triangle, select the option you
 Excel will then hide all the irrelevant answers. Try clicking on the
Excel will then hide all the irrelevant answers. Try clicking on the
hen on animal from the pick list that appears. See what happens?
n to normal by clicking on the triangle and picking (ALL)
          Jolly useful maths FULL version
                                 1-Mar-11

CONVERSION CALCULATORS                              GEOMETRY
    c1 1000 other conversions                  g0   Basic trig functions                      l1
    c2 AREA conversions                        g1   RIGHT angled triangles                    l2
    c3 FEET and Metres                         g2   Other TRIANGLE calculations               l3
    c4 INCHES and Millimetres                  g3   The Steel Roofing Square                  l4
    c5 LENGTH conversions                      g4   Circles                                   l5
    c6 Temperature conversions                 g5   Ellipses                                  l6
    c7 Weights                                 g6   Polygons                                  l7
    c8 Imperial / metric weights               g7   Stairs                                    l8
    c9 Pounds / Euros                          g8   Golden ratios                             l9
                                               g9   Hambridge
                                              g10   Picture frames
                                              g11   Compound angles


                     THE BACKGROUND DETAILS
    A few years ago I wanted to make a set of steps from the house to the garden, but I couldn't remember my
    schoolboy trigonometry. So I used Excel to do the sums for me, and got a little carried away exploring what else it
    could help with. I hope you find it as useful as I do.

    The different sheets in this package should help you do all sorts of conversions (how many furlongs in 3 light
    years, what is 98 degrees Fahrenheit in Celsius etc) and all sorts of geometry calculations.

    Some of the pages have charts to print out for pinning on the wall. All have some sort of calculator where you can
    enter numbers in the white boxes, and sometimes pick options from the drop down arrow on green boxes.

    And don't worry. You cannot make changes anywhere it matters - so this avoids any unfortunate mitsakes
    corrupting the calculators.

    Please send me any bright ideas for making it more useful. You can reach me via the website

    Take a look at www.stephentribbick.co.uk for some other gems - there might even be a later version of this
    spreadsheet there by now.
                                                            CLICK HERE TO VISIT THE WEBSITE
                                                                            DOWN WITH PIRACY
                     LOOK UP CHARTS              If you find this spreadsheet useful then I'd love a donation It would be nice to get
                     Screw threads               some return for the hundreds of hours work this has taken to develop. It's not like I'm
                     Screw taps                  some greedy corporation. I'm an ordinary guy trying to save up for a holiday
                     Drills                      family would love a hotel, not a tent this year.
                     Screws
                                                 You are welcome to use it as much as you like, or copy it and give it to your friends.
                     Nails
                                                 But you are not authorised to make money from it - that is my perogative!
                     Wire or sheet
                     Greek alphabet              Other stuff is also available from my website (www.stephentribbick.co.uk) so why not
                     Units                       visit sometime soon?
                     Calendar




                                                        Click on an option to jump to
                                                        that page. Trial version does
 arden, but I couldn't remember my
                                                        not include any greyed out
t a little carried away exploring what else it
                                                        pages.

ersions (how many furlongs in 3 light
metry calculations.

ave some sort of calculator where you can
drop down arrow on green boxes.

 s avoids any unfortunate mitsakes


 ch me via the website

might even be a later version of this
 tion It would be nice to get
aken to develop. It's not like I'm
o save up for a holiday - my


y it and give it to your friends.
at is my perogative!

 phentribbick.co.uk) so why not
                               Scroll right to see the                                Use this little drop-
       9.416                 instructions in the green
                                         box
                                                          GO TO INDEX PAGE          down arrow to select a
                                                                                           category                                                          1000 OTHER CONVERSIONS
          of these              equals this many                     of these           CATEGORY               ie multiply by    (also written as)
         abcoulomb                2.82292E+11                    statcoulombs                EMF              29,980,000,000        2.998E+10
            acre                    3.8106552            hectare or sq hectometre            Area                  0.4047            4.047E-01                           INSTRUCTIONS
            acre                     1506.56                             rods                Area                    160            1.600E+02        This page converts the number you type in cell A1 into almost any
            acre                       94.16                sq chain (Gunter's)              Area                     10            1.000E+01        other unit. The only hard bit is scrolling down the page to find the
            acre                    410160.96                          sq feet               Area                  43,560           4.356E+04        relevant answer, somewhere in column B. But they are in
            acre                     941600                 sq links (Gunter's)              Area                  100,000          1.000E+05        alphabetical order.
            acre                    38106.552                       sq metres                Area                   4,047           4.047E+03
            acre                  0.014707792                        sq miles                Area                 0.001562           1.562E-03       To help you do this, you could use the autofilter drop-down arrows in
            acre                    45573.44                         sq yards                Area                   4,840           4.840E+03        the top row. This shows a list of all the options in that column - and
          acre-feet                 410160.96                          cu feet             Volume                  43,560           4.356E+04        when you click on your choice, all other options are hidden. You may
                                                                                                                                                     have to scroll up or down to see them all, of course, but it will be a
          acre-feet                  2556444                          gallons              Volume                  271,500          2.715E+05
                                                                                                                                                     much shorter list.
      ampere/sq cm                  60.752032                      amps/sq in                EMF                    6.452           6.452E+00
      ampere/sq cm                    94160                    amps/sq metre                 EMF                   10,000           1.000E+04        To return to the full, unfiltered list, click on the same drop-down arrow
       ampere/sq in                  1.45948                     amps/sq cm                  EMF                    0.155            1.550E-01       (it will be the blue one), scroll up to the top of the list and pick (ALL).
       ampere/sq in                  14594.8                   amps/sq metre                 EMF                    1,550           1.550E+03
     ampere/sq metre                0.0009416                    amps/sq cm                  EMF                   0.0001            1.000E-04
     ampere/sq metre              0.006075203                      amps/sq in                EMF                 0.0006452           6.452E-04
       ampere-hour                   33897.6                        coulombs                 EMF                    3,600           3.600E+03
       ampere-hour                 0.35131096                       Faradays                 EMF                   0.03731           3.731E-02
       ampere-hour                  11.835912                         Gilberts               EMF                    1.257           1.257E+00
     ampere-turn/cm                 23.91664                     amp-turns/in                EMF                    2.540           2.540E+00
     ampere-turn/cm                    941.6                 amp-turns/metre                 EMF                     100            1.000E+02
     ampere-turn/cm                 11.835912                     Gilberts/cm                EMF                    1.257           1.257E+00
      ampere-turn/in                3.7070792                   amp-turns/cm                 EMF                   0.3937            3.937E-01
      ampere-turn/in                370.70792                amp-turns/metre                 EMF                    39.37           3.937E+01
      ampere-turn/in                 4.66092                      Gilberts/cm                EMF                    0.495            4.950E-01
   ampere-turn/metre                 0.09416                    amp-turns/cm                 EMF                     0.01            1.000E-02
   ampere-turn/metre                0.2391664                    amp-turns/in                EMF                   0.0254            2.540E-02
   ampere-turn/metre               0.11835912                     Gilberts/cm                EMF                   0.01257           1.257E-02
       Angstrom unit              3.70708E-08                             inch             Length             0.000000003937         3.937E-09
       Angstrom unit                9.416E-10                           metre              Length              0.0000000001          1.000E-10
       Angstrom unit                0.0009416                  micron or (Mu)              Length                  0.0001            1.000E-04
             are                   0.23266936                       acre (US)                Area                  0.02471           2.471E-02
             are                   0.23266936                           acres                Area                  0.02471           2.471E-02
             are                   95.2588472                            rood                Area                 10.11670          1.012E+01
             are                       941.6                        sq metres                Area                    100            1.000E+02
             are                    1126.1536                        sq yards                Area                   119.6           1.196E+02
    astronomical unit             1407692000                        kilometres             Length               149,500,000         1.495E+08
        atmosphere                   715.616                   cms of mercury             Pressure                   76.0           7.600E+01
        atmosphere                  319.2024                ft of water (at 4°C)          Pressure                  33.90           3.390E+01
        atmosphere                  281.72672             in of mercury (at 0°C)          Pressure                  29.92           2.992E+01
        atmosphere                  9.7295528                       kgs/sq cm             Pressure                 1.0333           1.033E+00
        atmosphere                  97286.112                    kgs/sq metre             Pressure                 10,332           1.033E+04
        atmosphere                  138.4152                     pounds/sq in             Pressure                  14.70           1.470E+01
        atmosphere                0.061797208                      ton/sq inch            Pressure                0.006563           6.563E-03
        atmosphere                  8.9000032                       tons/sq ft            Pressure                 0.9452            9.452E-01
             bar                    9.2926504                    atmospheres              Pressure                 0.9869            9.869E-01
             bar                     9416000                     dynes/sq cm              Pressure                1,000,000         1.000E+06
             bar                     96043.2                     kgs/sq metre             Pressure                 10,200           1.020E+04
             bar                    19670.024                    pounds/sq ft             Pressure                  2,089           2.089E+03
             bar                     136.532                     pounds/sq in             Pressure                   14.5           1.450E+01
         barrel (oil)                395.472                 gallons (oil) (US)            Volume                    42.0           4.200E+01
      barrel (US, dry)              66439.296                       cu inches              Volume                   7,056           7.056E+03
      barrel (US, dry)                988.68                      quarts (dry)             Volume                    105            1.050E+02
    barrel (US. liquid)              296.604                     gallons (US)              Volume                    31.5           3.150E+01
            Baryl                      9.416                      dyne/sq cm              Pressure                     1            1.000E+00
      bolt (US Cloth)              344.399616                         metres               Length                  36.576           3.658E+01
btu (British thermal unit)        99338800000                            ergs              Energy             10,550,000,000        1.055E+10
btu (British thermal unit)          7328.4728                         foot-lbs             Energy                   778.3           7.783E+02
btu (British thermal unit)          2372.832                    gram-calories              Energy                    252            2.520E+02
btu (British thermal unit)         0.00370143                  horsepower-hrs              Energy                0.0003931           3.931E-04
btu (British thermal unit)          9931.9968                           joules             Energy                  1,054.8          1.055E+03
btu (British thermal unit)          2.372832                 kilogram-calories             Energy                   0.252            2.520E-01
btu (British thermal unit)           1012.22                  kilogram-metres              Energy                   107.5           1.075E+02
btu (British thermal unit)        0.002757005                     kiloWatt-hrs             Energy                0.0002928           2.928E-04
btu (British thermal unit)          98.011144                 litre-atmosphere             Energy                  10.409           1.041E+01
           btu/hr                   2.0357392                 foot-pounds/sec               Power                  0.2162            2.162E-01
           btu/hr                    0.65912                     gram-cal/sec               Power                   0.070            7.000E-02
           btu/hr                 0.003699546                  horsepower-hrs               Power                0.0003929           3.929E-04
           btu/hr                   2.7598296                          Watts                Power                  0.2931            2.931E-01
          btu/min                   122.03136                     foot-lbs/sec              Power                   12.96           1.296E+01
          btu/min                  0.22184096                     horsepower                Power                  0.02356           2.356E-02
          btu/min                  0.16543912                       kiloWatts               Power                  0.01757           1.757E-02
          btu/min                   165.43912                          Watts                Power                   17.57           1.757E+01
        btu/sq ft/min               1.1496936                     Watts/sq in           Power density              0.1221            1.221E-01
      bucket (Br dry)             0.001711829                        cubic cm              Volume                0.0001818           1.818E-04
           bushel                   11.718212                            cu ft             Volume                  1.2445           1.245E+00
           bushel                  20248.1664                            cu in             Volume                  2,150.4          2.150E+03
           bushel                  0.33181984                       cu metres              Volume                  0.03524           3.524E-02
           bushel                   331.81984                            litres            Volume                   35.24           3.524E+01
           bushel                     37.664                            pecks              Volume                      4            4.000E+00
           bushel                    602.624                        pints (dry)            Volume                     64            6.400E+01
           bushel                    301.312                      quarts (dry)             Volume                     32            3.200E+01
        bushel (US)               20248.35472                       cu inches              Volume                 2,150.42          2.150E+03
        bushel (US)                331.801008                            litres            Volume                  35.238           3.524E+01
        bushel (US)                   37.664                        peck (US)              Volume                  4.00000          4.000E+00
  calorie, gram (mean)            0.037367396                      btu (mean)              Energy                0.0039685           3.969E-03
       candle/sq cm                 29.585072                       Lamberts               Lighting                 3.142           3.142E+00
      candle/sq inch                4.585592                        Lamberts               Lighting                 0.487            4.870E-01
           Celcius                   48.9488                       Fahrenheit           Temperature            (°C x 9/5) + 32
   centares (centiares)                9.416                        sq metres                Area                      1            1.000E+00
         centigrade                  48.9488                       Fahrenheit           Temperature            (°C x 9/5) + 32
         centigram                   0.09416                           grams                Mass                     0.01           1.000E-02
          centilitre                5.7465848                       cubic inch             Volume                  0.6103           6.103E-01
          centilitre                25.47028                           drams               Volume                   2.705           2.705E+00
          centilitre                 0.09416                             litres            Volume                    0.01           1.000E-02
          centilitre                3.1844912                 ounce fluid (US)             Volume                  0.3382           3.382E-01
         centimetre                0.30893896                             feet             Length                  0.03281          3.281E-02
         centimetre                 3.7070792                          inches              Length                  0.3937           3.937E-01
         centimetre                  941600                         kilometres             Length                  100,000          1.000E+05
         centimetre                  0.09416                          metres               Length                    0.01           1.000E-02
         centimetre                5.8511E-05                           miles              Length               0.000006214         6.214E-06
         centimetre                    94.16                       millimetres             Length                     10            1.000E+01
         centimetre                 3707.0792                             mils             Length                   393.7           3.937E+02
         centimetre                0.10301104                           yards              Length                  0.01094          1.094E-02
 centimetre of mercury             0.12391456                    atmospheres              Pressure                 0.01316          1.316E-02
 centimetre of mercury              4.2004776                    feet of water            Pressure                 0.4461           4.461E-01
 centimetre of mercury              1280.576                     kgs/sq metre             Pressure                   136            1.360E+02
 centimetre of mercury              262.2356                     pounds/sq ft             Pressure                  27.85           2.785E+01
 centimetre of mercury              1.8210544                    pounds/sq in             Pressure                 0.1934           1.934E-01
   centimetre/sec/sec              0.30893896                     feet/sec/sec           Acceleration              0.03281          3.281E-02
   centimetre/sec/sec               0.338976                       kms/hr/sec            Acceleration               0.036           3.600E-02
   centimetre/sec/sec                0.09416                   metres/sec/sec            Acceleration                0.01           1.000E-02
   centimetre/sec/sec              0.21063592                     miles/hr/sec           Acceleration              0.02237          2.237E-02
    centimetre/second              11.2700104                      feet/minute             Velocity                 1.197           1.197E+00
    centimetre/second              0.30893896                     feet/second              Velocity                0.03281          3.281E-02
    centimetre/second               0.338976                     kilometres/hr             Velocity                 0.036           3.600E-02
    centimetre/second               1.8295288                           knots              Velocity                0.1943           1.943E-01
    centimetre/second                 5.6496                      metres/min               Velocity                   0.6           6.000E-01
    centimetre/second              0.21063592                        miles/hr              Velocity                0.02237          2.237E-02
    centimetre/second             0.003510285                       miles/min              Velocity              0.0003728          3.728E-04
     centimetre-dyne               0.00960432                       cm-grams                Force                  0.00102          1.020E-03
     centimetre-dyne              9.60432E-08                       metre-kgs               Force              0.0000000102         1.020E-08

                                                                                                               Page 8
       centimetre-dyne           6.94524E-07            pound-feet          Force           0.00000007376               7.376E-08
       centimetre-gram            9234.2712             cm-dynes            Force                 980.7                 9.807E+02
       centimetre-gram           0.00009416             metre-kgs           Force               0.00001                 1.000E-05
       centimetre-gram           0.000681059            pound-feet          Force             0.00007233                7.233E-05
               chain               7457.472                Inches          Length                  792                  7.920E+02
               chain              189.44992                metres          Length                 20.12                 2.012E+01
chain (surveyors' or Gunter's)      207.152                 yards          Length                  22                   2.200E+01
           circular mil          4.77109E-05               sq cms            Area            0.000005067                5.067E-06
           circular mil          7.39533E-06            sq inches            Area           0.0000007854                7.854E-07
           circular mil           7.3953264                sq mils           Area                0.7854                 7.854E-01
        circumference             59.160728               radians           Angle                 6.283                 6.283E+00
             cord feet              150.656                cu feet         Volume                  16                   1.600E+01
               cords                75.328               cord feet         Volume                   8                   8.000E+00
             coulomb             2.82292E-08         Statcoulombs            EMF           0.000000002998               2.998E-09
            coulombs             9.75498E-05             Faradays            EMF              0.00001036                1.036E-05
       coulombs/sq cm             607.52032         coulombs/sq in      Charge density            64.52                 6.452E+01
       coulombs/sq cm                94160        coulombs/sq metre     Charge density           10,000                 1.000E+04
        coulombs/sq in              1.45948        coulombs/sq cm       Charge density            0.155                 1.550E-01
        coulombs/sq in              14594.8       coulombs/sq metre     Charge density            1,550                 1.550E+03
     coulombs/sq metre            0.0009416        coulombs/sq cm       Charge density           0.0001                 1.000E-04
     coulombs/sq metre           0.006075203        coulombs/sq in      Charge density         0.0006452                6.452E-04
      cubic centimetres          0.000332479               cu feet         Volume             0.00003531                3.531E-05
      cubic centimetres          0.57456432             cu inches          Volume               0.06102                 6.102E-02
      cubic centimetres          0.000009416            cu metres          Volume              0.000001                 1.000E-06
      cubic centimetres          1.23161E-05             cu yards          Volume            0.000001308                1.308E-06
      cubic centimetres          0.002073403               gallons         Volume              0.0002202                2.202E-04
      cubic centimetres            0.009416                  litres        Volume                 0.001                 1.000E-03
      cubic centimetres          0.016581576                 pints         Volume              0.001761                 1.761E-03
      cubic centimetres          0.008295496               quarts          Volume              0.000881                 8.810E-04
            cubic feet            7.5666976          bushels (dry)         Volume                0.8036                 8.036E-01
            cubic feet            266661.12                cu cms          Volume                28,320                 2.832E+04
            cubic feet            16270.848             cu inches          Volume                 1,728                 1.728E+03
            cubic feet           0.26666112             cu metres          Volume               0.02832                 2.832E-02
            cubic feet           0.34876864              cu yards          Volume               0.03704                 3.704E-02
            cubic feet             58.70876                gallons         Volume                 6.235                 6.235E+00
            cubic feet            266.66112                  litres        Volume                 28.32                 2.832E+01
            cubic feet            469.48176                  pints         Volume                 49.86                 4.986E+01
            cubic feet            234.74088                quarts          Volume                 24.93                 2.493E+01
         cubic feet/min            4444.352            cu cms/sec            Flow                  472                  4.720E+02
         cubic feet/min           0.9783224            gallons/sec           Flow                 0.104                 1.039E-01
         cubic feet/min             6.77952              litres/sec          Flow                 0.72                  7.200E-01
         cubic feet/min           587.84088     pounds of water/min          Flow                 62.43                 6.243E+01
         cubic feet/sec            3521.584            gallons/min           Flow                  374                  3.740E+02
         cubic feet/sec           5.0714576         million gals/day         Flow                0.5386                 5.386E-01
          cubic inches            154.32824                cu cms          Volume                 16.39                 1.639E+01
          cubic inches           0.005449039               cu feet         Volume              0.0005787                5.787E-04
          cubic inches           0.000154328            cu metres          Volume             0.00001639                1.639E-05
          cubic inches           0.000201785             cu yards          Volume             0.00002143                2.143E-05
          cubic inches           0.033972928               gallons         Volume              0.003608                 3.608E-03
          cubic inches           0.15432824                  litres        Volume               0.01639                 1.639E-02
          cubic inches           9.99038E-05              mil-feet         Volume             0.00001061                1.061E-05
          cubic inches           0.27174576                  pints         Volume               0.02886                 2.886E-02
          cubic inches           0.13587288                quarts          Volume               0.01443                 1.443E-02
          cubic metres            16581.576                  pints         Volume                 1,761                 1.761E+03
          cubic metres            267.22608          bushels (dry)         Volume                 28.38                 2.838E+01
          cubic metres             9416000                 cu cms          Volume              1,000,000                1.000E+06
          cubic metres            332.47896                cu feet         Volume                 35.31                 3.531E+01
          cubic metres           574592.568             cu inches          Volume                61,023                 6.102E+04
          cubic metres            12.316128              cu yards          Volume                 1.308                 1.308E+00
          cubic metres           2073.12072                gallons         Volume                220.17                 2.202E+02
          cubic metres               9416                    litres        Volume                 1,000                 1.000E+03
          cubic metres             8295.496                quarts          Volume                  881                  8.810E+02
           cubic yards            7199473.6                cu cms          Volume               764,600                 7.646E+05
           cubic yards              254.232                cu feet         Volume                  27                   2.700E+01
           cubic yards           439312.896             cu inches          Volume                46,656                 4.666E+04
           cubic yards            7.1994736             cu metres          Volume                0.7646                 7.646E-01
           cubic yards            1585.1836                gallons         Volume                168.35                 1.684E+02
           cubic yards            7199.4736                  litres        Volume                 764.6                 7.646E+02
           cubic yards           12681.4688                  pints         Volume               1,346.8                 1.347E+03
           cubic yards            6340.7344                quarts          Volume                 673.4                 6.734E+02
       cubic yards/min            119.95984              litres/sec          Flow                 12.74                 1.274E+01
       cubic yards/min              4.2372             cubic ft/sec          Flow                 0.45                  4.500E-01
       cubic yards/min            26.421296            gallons/sec           Flow                 2.806                 2.806E+00
     cubit (one of many)            4.2372                  metre          Length                 0.450                 4.500E-01
               cups                 2.2277                   litres        Volume                0.2366                   0.2366
                                                                                         0.00000000000000000000000165
              Dalton             1.55364E-23                 gram           Mass                                        1.650E-24
               days                813542.4               seconds           Time                  86,400                8.640E+04
            decigram                0.9416                 grams            Mass                     0.1                1.000E-01
            decilitres              0.9416                   litres        Volume                    0.1                1.000E-01
           decimetres               0.9416                 metres          Length                    0.1                1.000E-01
            decistere               0.9416               cu metre          Volume                  0.100                1.000E-01
       degrees (angle)           0.10461176             quadrants           Angle                 0.01111               1.111E-02
       degrees (angle)            0.1643092               radians           Angle                 0.01745               1.745E-02
       degrees (angle)              33897.6               seconds           Angle                  3,600                3.600E+03
          degrees/sec             0.1643092            radians/sec         Velocity               0.01745               1.745E-02
          degrees/sec             1.5696472         revolutions/min        Velocity                0.167                1.667E-01
          degrees/sec            0.002615765        revolutions/sec        Velocity             0.0002778               2.778E-04
            dekagram                 94.16                 grams            Mass                     10                 1.000E+01
            dekalitres               94.16                   litras        Volume                    10                 1.000E+01
          dekametres                 94.16                 metres          Length                    10                 1.000E+01
            dekastere                94.16               cu metre          Volume                 10.000                1.000E+01
        drachms (fluid)           33.442101              cubic cm          Volume                 3.5516                3.552E+00
        drachms (fluid)              1.177           ounces (fluid)        Volume                 0.1250                1.250E-01
 dram (apothecaries' or troy)    1.291337546    ounces (avoidupois)         Mass                0.1371429               1.371E-01
 dram (apothecaries' or troy)        1.177           ounces (troy)          Mass                   0.125                1.250E-01
            dram (av)            257.4682792            grain (av)          Mass                  27.3437               2.734E+01
            dram (av)            16.6832688                grams            Mass                  1.7718                1.772E+00
            dram (av)               0.5885                 ounces           Mass                  0.0625                6.250E-02
  dram (US, fluid or apoth.)     34.8081272              cubic cm           Mass                  3.6967                3.697E+00
             dyne/cm                0.09416        erg/sq millimetre        Force                   0.01                1.000E-02
           dyne/sq cm            9.29265E-06         Atmospheres          Pressure            0.0000009869              9.869E-07
           dyne/sq cm            0.000278054   inch of mercury at 0°C     Pressure             0.00002953               2.953E-05
           dyne/sq cm            0.003780524     inch of water at 4°C     Pressure              0.0004015               4.015E-04
               dynes             0.00960432                grams            Force                 0.00102               1.020E-03
               dynes              9.416E-07             joules/cm           Force               0.0000001               1.000E-07
               dynes             0.00009416           joules/metre          Force                 0.00001               1.000E-05
               dynes             9.60432E-06            kilograms           Force              0.00000102               1.020E-06
               dynes             0.00009416              Newtons            Force                 0.00001               1.000E-05
               dynes             0.000681059             poundals           Force              0.00007233               7.233E-05
               dynes             2.11672E-05              pounds            Force              0.000002248              2.248E-06
          dynes/sq cm            0.000009416                 bars           Force                0.000001               1.000E-06
               eimer                25.4232                gallons         Volume                    2.7                2.700E+00
                 ell              1076.2488                    cm          Length                 114.30                 114.30
                 ell                423.72                 inches          Length                   45.0                   45.0
            em, Pica              3.9857928                    cm          Length                 0.4233                 0.4233
            em, Pica               1.572472                   inch         Length                  0.167                1.670E-01
              erg/sec                9.416           dyne-cm/sec            Power                  1.000                1.000E+00
                ergs             8.92637E-10                   btu         Energy           0.0000000000948             9.480E-11
                ergs                 9.416         dyne-centimetres        Energy                  1.000                1.000E+00
                ergs             6.93677E-07          foot-pounds          Energy            0.00000007367              7.367E-08
                ergs             2.24948E-07         gram-calories         Energy            0.00000002389              2.389E-08
                ergs             0.00960432             gram-cms           Energy                 0.00102               1.020E-03
                ergs             3.50746E-13        horsepower-hrs         Energy        0.0000000000000373             3.725E-14
                ergs             0.000009416                joules         Energy               0.0000010               1.000E-06
                ergs             2.24948E-10           kg-calories         Energy          0.00000000002389             2.389E-11
                ergs             9.60432E-08            kg-metres          Energy             0.0000000102              1.020E-08
                ergs             2.61576E-13          kiloWatt-hrs         Energy        0.00000000000002778            2.778E-14


                                                                                             Page 9
          ergs      2.61576E-10         Watt-hours        Energy       0.00000000002778   2.778E-11
       ergs/sec     5.35582E-08            btu-min         Power        0.000000005688    5.688E-09
       ergs/sec     4.16846E-05           ft-lbs/min       Power           0.000004427    4.427E-06
       ergs/sec     6.94486E-07           ft-lbs/sec       Power        0.000000073756    7.376E-08
       ergs/sec     1.26269E-09         horsepower         Power        0.0000000001341   1.341E-10
       ergs/sec     1.34931E-08     kg-calories/min.       Power        0.000000001433    1.433E-09
       ergs/sec       9.416E-09           kiloWatts        Power           0.000000001    1.000E-09
    Faraday/sec        908644      ampere (absolute)        EMF               96,500      9.650E+04
      Faradays        252.3488        ampere-hours          EMF                 26.8      2.680E+01
      Faradays       908549.84           coulombs           EMF               96,490      9.649E+04
        Farads         9416000         microfarads          EMF              1,000,000    1.000E+06
       fathoms          56.496                 feet       Length                  6       6.000E+00
       fathoms      17.22001846              metre        Length               1.829      1.829E+00
fathom (Russian)        65.912                 feet       Length               7.000      7.000E+00
          feet       286.99968          centimetres       Length               30.48      3.048E+01
          feet      0.002869997          kilometres       Length            0.0003048     3.048E-04
          feet       2.8699968              metres        Length              0.3048      3.048E-01
          feet      0.001548932        miles (naut)       Length            0.0001645     1.645E-04
          feet      0.00178339          miles (stat)      Length            0.0001894     1.894E-04
          feet       2869.9968          millimetres       Length               304.8      3.048E+02
          feet         112992                  mils       Length              12,000      1.200E+04
    feet of water     0.277772        atmospheres        Pressure             0.0295      2.950E-02
    feet of water    8.3105616     inches of mercury     Pressure             0.8826      8.826E-01
    feet of water   0.28699968           kgs/sq cm       Pressure             0.03048     3.048E-02
    feet of water    2869.9968        kgs/sq metre       Pressure              304.8      3.048E+02
    feet of water    587.84088         pounds/sq ft      Pressure              62.43      6.243E+01
    feet of water     4.081836         pounds/sq in      Pressure             0.4335      4.335E-01
    feet/100 feet        9.416       per cent grade        Angle                  1       1.000E+00
       feet/min       4.783328             cms/sec        Velocity             0.508      5.080E-01
       feet/min     0.15696472             feet/sec       Velocity            0.01667     1.667E-02
       feet/min     0.17221864              kms/hr        Velocity            0.01829     1.829E-02
       feet/min      2.8699968          metres/min        Velocity            0.3048      3.048E-01
       feet/min     0.10696576             miles/hr       Velocity            0.01136     1.136E-02
       feet/sec      286.99968             cms/sec        Velocity             30.48      3.048E+01
       feet/sec      10.329352              kms/hr        Velocity             1.097      1.097E+00
       feet/sec      5.5752136               knots        Velocity            0.5921      5.921E-01
       feet/sec      172.21864          metres/min        Velocity             18.29      1.829E+01
       feet/sec      6.4198288             miles/hr       Velocity            0.6818      6.818E-01
       feet/sec     0.10696576           miles/min        Velocity            0.01136     1.136E-02
    feet/sec/sec     286.99968         cms/sec/sec      Acceleration           30.48      3.048E+01
    feet/sec/sec     10.329352          kms/hr/sec      Acceleration           1.097      1.097E+00
    feet/sec/sec     2.8699968       metres/sec/sec     Acceleration          0.3048      3.048E-01
    feet/sec/sec     6.4198288         miles/hr/sec     Acceleration          0.6818      6.818E-01
     fluid ounce      16.99588            cu inches       Volume               1.805      1.805E+00
     fluid ounce        75.328        fluid drachms       Volume                  8       8.000E+00
     fluid ounce    0.27843112                litres      Volume              0.02957     2.957E-02
       fluidram     33.4418656              cu cms        Volume              3.5516      3.552E+00
       fluidram     2.040767344           cu inches       Volume             0.216734     2.167E-01
       fluidram         564.96              minim         Volume              60.000      6.000E+01
   fluidram (US)     34.801536              cu cms        Volume               3.696      3.696E+00
   fluidram (US)        2.1186            cu inches       Volume               0.225      2.250E-01
   fluidram (US)        564.96          minim (US)        Volume              60.000      6.000E+01
    foot of water   28145.08312      Newtons/sq m        Pressure            2,989.07     2.989E+03
    Foot-candle     101.353824      lumen/sq metre         Light              10.764      1.076E+01
    foot-pounds     0.012108976                 btu       Energy             0.001286     1.286E-03
    foot-pounds      127680960                ergs        Energy            13,560,000    1.356E+07
    foot-pounds      3.0489008        gram-calories       Energy              0.3238      3.238E-01
    foot-pounds     4.75508E-06             hp-hrs        Energy           0.000000505    5.050E-07
    foot-pounds      12.768096               joules       Energy               1.356      1.356E+00
    foot-pounds     0.003050784         kg-calories       Energy             0.000324     3.240E-04
    foot-pounds      1.3022328           kg-metres        Energy              0.1383      1.383E-01
    foot-pounds     3.54607E-06        kiloWatt-hrs       Energy          0.0000003766    3.766E-07
 foot-pounds/min    0.012108976            btu-min         Power             0.001286     1.286E-03
 foot-pounds/min    0.15696472      foot-pounds/sec        Power              0.01667     1.667E-02
 foot-pounds/min    0.000285305         horsepower         Power            0.0000303     3.030E-05
 foot-pounds/min    0.003050784      kg-calories/min       Power             0.000324     3.240E-04
 foot-pounds/min    2.12802E-05           kiloWatts        Power           0.00000226     2.260E-06
 foot-pounds/sec    43.5612408               btu-hr        Power               4.626      4.626E+00
 foot-pounds/sec    0.72663272             btu-min         Power              0.07717     7.717E-02
 foot-pounds/sec    0.017118288         horsepower         Power             0.001818     1.818E-03
 foot-pounds/sec     0.1831412       kg-calories/min       Power              0.01945     1.945E-02
 foot-pounds/sec    0.012768096           kiloWatts        Power             0.001356     1.356E-03
       furlongs        6214.56                 feet       Length                660       6.600E+02
       furlongs          1.177               miles        Length               0.125      1.250E-01
       furlongs         376.64                rods        Length                 40       4.000E+01
        gallons      42767.472              cu cms        Volume               4,542      4.542E+03
        gallons      1.5103264              cu feet       Volume              0.1604      1.604E-01
        gallons      2610.1152            cu inches       Volume               277.2      2.772E+02
        gallons     0.042776888          cu metres        Volume               0.005      4.543E-03
        gallons     0.055940456            cu yards       Volume               0.006      5.941E-03
        gallons      42.767472                litres      Volume               4.542      4.542E+00
   gallons (Imp)    11.3081452         gallons (US)       Volume               1.201      1.201E+00
    gallons (US)    7.84042072        gallons (Imp)       Volume              0.8327      8.327E-01
    gallons (US)      35.63956                litres      Volume              3.7850      3.785E+00
 gallons of water        94.16      pounds of water       Volume                 10       1.000E+01
     gallons/min        90.629              cu ft/hr        Flow               9.625      9.625E+00
     gallons/min    0.025178384            cu ft/sec        Flow             0.002674     2.674E-03
     gallons/min     0.7127912            litres/sec        Flow              0.0757      7.570E-02
        Gauss        60.752032           lines/sq in        EMF                6.452      6.452E+00
        Gauss         9.416E-07      Webers/sq cm           EMF             0.0000001     1.000E-07
        Gauss        6.0752E-07       Webers/sq in          EMF          0.00000006452    6.452E-08
        Gauss         0.009416      Webers/sq metre         EMF                0.001      1.000E-03
       Gilberts      7.4932528        ampere-turns          EMF               0.7958      7.958E-01
     Gilberts/cm     7.4932528        amp-turns/cm          EMF               0.7958      7.958E-01
     Gilberts/cm     19.029736         amp-turns/in         EMF                2.021      2.021E+00
     Gilberts/cm     749.32528      amp-turns/metre         EMF                79.58      7.958E+01
           gill     1337.693456             cu cms        Volume              142.066     1.421E+02
           gill      81.627304            cu inches       Volume               8.669      8.669E+00
           gill          47.08          fluid ounce       Volume               5.000      5.000E+00
           gill     1.337693456               litres      Volume             0.142066     1.421E-01
       gill (US)     67.964688            cu inches       Volume               7.218      7.218E+00
       gill (US)        37.664      fluidounce (US)       Volume               4.000      4.000E+00
       gill (US)    1.113828056               litres      Volume             0.118291     1.183E-01
         grade      0.14792536              radian         Angle              0.01571     1.571E-02
         grain      0.344356585   drams (avoirdupois)      Mass               0.03657     3.657E-02
     grain (troy)        9.416        grains (avdp)        Mass                   1       1.000E+00
     grain (troy)    0.6101568              grams          Mass               0.0648      6.480E-02
     grain (troy)   0.019616353      ounces (avdp)         Mass              0.002083     2.083E-03
     grain (troy)   0.39236472     pennyweight (troy)      Mass               0.04167     4.167E-02
         gram        9234.2712               dynes         Mass                980.7      9.807E+02
         gram        145.28888              grains         Mass                15.43      1.543E+01
         gram       0.000923427          joules/cm         Mass            0.00009807     9.807E-05
         gram       0.092342712        joules/metre        Mass              0.009807     9.807E-03
         gram         0.009416           kilograms         Mass                0.001      1.000E-03
         gram            9416            milligrams        Mass                1,000      1.000E+03
         gram       0.092342712            Newtons         Mass              0.009807     9.807E-03
         gram       0.33210232       ounces (avdp)         Mass               0.03527     3.527E-02
         gram        0.3027244        ounces (troy)        Mass               0.03215     3.215E-02
         gram       0.66787688            poundals         Mass               0.07093     7.093E-02
         gram       0.02076228              pounds         Mass              0.002205     2.205E-03
   gram-calories    0.037365513                 btu       Energy            0.0039683     3.968E-03
   gram-calories     394229088                ergs        Energy            41,868,000    4.187E+07
   gram-calories     29.076608         foot-pounds        Energy               3.088      3.088E+00
   gram-calories    1.46852E-05     horsepower-hrs        Energy           0.00000156     1.560E-06
   gram-calories    1.09508E-05        kiloWatt -hrs      Energy           0.000001163    1.163E-06
   gram-calories    0.010950808            Watt hrs       Energy             0.001163     1.163E-03
gram-calories/sec   134.516976               btu-hr       Energy              14.286      1.429E+01


                                                                        Page 10
     gram-centimetres           0.0009416             kg/metres                Energy               0.0001         1.000E-04
     gram-centimetres          8.75406E-07                 btu                 Energy           0.00000009297      9.297E-08
     gram-centimetres           9234.2712                ergs                  Energy                980.7         9.807E+02
     gram-centimetres          0.000923427              joules                 Energy             0.00009807       9.807E-05
     gram-centimetres          2.20617E-07              kg-cal                 Energy           0.00000002343      2.343E-08
         grams/cm               0.0527296             pounds/in                Density              0.0056         5.600E-03
       grams/cu cm              587.84088           pounds/cu ft               Density               62.43         6.243E+01
       grams/cu cm             0.34020008           pounds/cu in               Density              0.03613        3.613E-02
       grams/cu cm             3.20615E-06         pounds/mil-foot             Density          0.0000003405       3.405E-07
         grams/litre            458.37088             grains/gal               Density               48.68         4.868E+01
         grams/litre               9416             parts/million              Density               1,000         1.000E+03
         grams/litre            65.478864         pounds/1,000 gal             Density               6.954         6.954E+00
         grams/litre           0.587812632          pounds/cu ft               Density             0.062427        6.243E-02
       grams/sq cm             19.2849096           pounds/sq ft               Density              2.0481         2.048E+00
           hands                 95.66656                  cm                  Length               10.160         1.016E+01
          hectares              23.266936                acres                  Area                 2.471         2.471E+00
          hectares              1013161.6              sq feet                  Area                107,600        1.076E+05
         hectogram                 941.6                grams                   Mass                  100          1.000E+02
         hectolitres               941.6                 litres                Volume                 100          1.000E+02
        hectometres                941.6               metres                  Length                 100          1.000E+02
        hectoWatts                 941.6                Watts                  Power                  100          1.000E+02
           helen                   9416               millihelen               Beauty                1,000         1.000E+03
          Henries                  9416              milliHenries               EMF                  1,000         1.000E+03
    hogsheads (British)         95.233424              cubic ft                Volume               10.114         1.011E+01
      hogsheads (US)           79.30004544             cubic ft                Volume               8.42184        8.422E+00
      hogsheads (US)              593.208           gallons (US)               Volume                  63          6.300E+01
        horsepower              399.61504              btu/min                 Power                 42.44         4.244E+01
        horsepower                310728            foot-lbs/min               Power                33,000         3.300E+04
        horsepower                5178.8             foot-lbs/sec              Power                550.000        5.500E+02
        horsepower              100.56288          kg-calories/min             Power                10.680         1.068E+01
        horsepower              7.0215112             kiloWatts                Power                0.7457         7.457E-01
        horsepower              7021.5112               Watts                  Power                 745.7         7.457E+02
 horsepower (550 ft Ib/sec)      9.547824    horsepower (metric)(542.5 ft      Power                 1.014         1.014E+00
                                                       Ib/sec)
     horsepower (boiler)       315238.264               btu/hr                  Power              33,479          3.348E+04
     horsepower (boiler)        92.305048             kiloWatts                 Power               9.803          9.803E+00
horsepower (metric)(542.5 ft    9.2870008     horsepower (550 ft Ib/sec)        Power               0.986          9.863E-01
              Ib/sec)
        horsepower-hrs           23982.552                  btu                Energy                 2,547        2.547E+03
        horsepower-hrs         2.52773E+14                 ergs                Energy         26,845,000,000,000   2.685E+13
        horsepower-hrs           18643680                foot-lbs              Energy              1,980,000       1.980E+06
        horsepower-hrs          6037445.04          gram-calories              Energy               641,190        6.412E+05
        horsepower-hrs           25272544                 joules               Energy              2,684,000       2.684E+06
        horsepower-hrs           6036.5976            kg-calories              Energy                 641.1        6.411E+02
        horsepower-hrs           2577159.2             kg-metres               Energy               273,700        2.737E+05
        horsepower-hrs           7.0215112           kiloWatt-hrs              Energy                0.7457         7.457E-01
               hours           0.056044032                weeks                 Time               0.005952         5.952E-03
               hours            0.39236472                 days                 Time                0.04167         4.167E-02
         hundredweight           1054.592                pounds                 Mass                   112         1.120E+02
         hundredweight             0.4708                  tons                 Mass                  0.05          5.000E-02
 hundredweight (US short)           941.6                pounds                 Mass                   100         1.000E+02
     hundredweight/acre         1182.03756             kg/hectare           Mass per area           125.535        1.255E+02
     hundredweight/acre        0.118203756       kilogram/sq metre          Mass per area          0.0125535        1.255E-02
        inch of mercury         318.854008               millibar             Pressure               33.863        3.386E+01
        inch of mercury        31886.24824         Newtons/sq m               Pressure             3,386.390       3.386E+03
          inch of water        2345.422024         Newtons/sq m               Pressure              249.089        2.491E+02
              inches             23.91664             centimetres              Length                 2.54         2.540E+00
              inches             0.2391664               metres                Length                0.0254         2.540E-02
              inches           0.000148584                 miles               Length             0.00001578        1.578E-05
              inches             239.1664             millimetres              Length                 25.4         2.540E+01
              inches                9416                   mils                Length                 1,000        1.000E+03
              inches            0.26157648                yards                Length               0.02778         2.778E-02
      inches of mercury         0.31468272          atmospheres               Pressure              0.03342         3.342E-02
      inches of mercury          10.668328           feet of water            Pressure                1.133        1.133E+00
      inches of mercury         0.32513448             kgs/sq cm              Pressure              0.03453         3.453E-02
      inches of mercury          3251.3448          kgs/sq metre              Pressure                345.3        3.453E+02
      inches of mercury          665.99368           pounds/sq ft             Pressure                70.73        7.073E+01
      inches of mercury          4.6251392          pounds/sq in              Pressure               0.4912         4.912E-01
  inches of water (at 4°C)     0.023144528          atmospheres               Pressure             0.002458         2.458E-03
  inches of water (at 4°C)      0.02391664             kgs/sq cm              Pressure              0.00254         2.540E-03
  inches of water (at 4°C)       5.4433896          ounces/sq in              Pressure               0.5781         5.781E-01
  inches of water (at 4°C)       49.000864           pounds/sq ft             Pressure                5.204        5.204E+00
  inches of water (at 4°C)      0.34020008          pounds/sq in              Pressure              0.03613         3.613E-02
  inches of water (at 4°C]       0.6925468       inches of mercury            Pressure              0.07355         7.355E-02
    international Ampere         9.397168        Ampere (absolute)              Flow                  0.998         9.980E-01
       international Volt        909020.64                Joules                Force                96,540        9.654E+04
       international Volt        9.4188248        Volts (absolute)              Force                1.0003        1.0003E+00
               joules          0.008926368                  btu                Energy              0.000948         9.480E-04
               joules            94160000                  ergs                Energy             10,000,000       1.000E+07
               joules            6.9452416           foot-pounds               Energy                0.7376         7.376E-01
               joules          0.002249482            kg-calories              Energy              0.0002389        2.389E-04
               joules            0.960432              kg-metres               Energy                 0.102         1.020E-01
               joules          0.002615765              Watt-hrs               Energy                 0.000         2.778E-04
            joules/cm            1007.512                 dynes                 Force                  107          1.07E+02
            joules/cm             96043.2                 grams                 Force                10,200        1.020E+04
            joules/cm               941.6            joules/metre               Force                  100           1.0E+02
            joules/cm               941.6               Newtons                 Force                  100           1.0E+02
            joules/cm            6810.5928              poundals                Force                 723.3        7.233E+02
            joules/cm            211.67168               pounds                 Force                 22.48        2.248E+01
             kilogram               9416                  grams                 Mass                  1,000        1.000E+03
             kilogram            20.76228                pounds                 Mass                  2.205        2.205E+00
             kilogram          0.009267227                 tons                 Mass               0.0009842        9.842E-04
        kilogram metres        0.087512304                  btu                Energy              0.009294         9.294E-03
        kilogram metres         923144640                  ergs                Energy             98,040,000       9.804E+07
        kilogram metres          68.105928           foot-pounds               Energy                 7.233        7.233E+00
        kilogram metres          92.314464                joules               Energy                 9.804        9.804E+00
        kilogram metres        0.022052272            kg-calories              Energy              0.002342         2.342E-03
        kilogram metres        2.56398E-05           kiloWatt-hrs              Energy            0.000002723        2.723E-06
        Kilogram/sq cm          9233941.64                Dynes               Pressure              980,665        9.807E+05
       kilogram-calories         37.362688                  btu                Energy                 3.968        3.968E+00
       kilogram-calories         29076.608           foot-pounds               Energy                 3,088        3.088E+03
       kilogram-calories        0.01468896       horsepower-hours              Energy               0.00156         1.560E-03
       kilogram-calories         39415.376                joules               Energy                 4,186        4.186E+03
       kilogram-calories         4019.6904             kg-metres               Energy                 426.9        4.269E+02
       kilogram-calories         39.415376              kilojoules             Energy                 4.186        4.186E+00
       kilogram-calories       0.010950808           kiloWatt-hrs              Energy              0.001163         1.163E-03
            kilograms           9233941.64                dynes                 Force               980,665        9.807E+05
            kilograms           0.92342712             joules/cm                Force               0.09807         9.807E-02
            kilograms            92.342712           joules/metre               Force                 9.807        9.807E+00
            kilograms            92.342712              Newtons                 Force                 9.807        9.807E+00
            kilograms            667.87688              poundals                Force                70.930        7.093E+01
     kilograms/cu metre          0.009416           grams/cu cm                Density                0.001         1.000E-03
     kilograms/cu metre         0.58784088           pounds/cu ft              Density              0.06243         6.243E-02
     kilograms/cu metre          0.0003402          pounds/cu in               Density            0.00003613        3.613E-05
     kilograms/cu metre        3.20615E-09        pounds/mil-foot              Density         0.0000000003405      3.405E-10
        kilograms/metre          6.327552               pounds/ft           Mass per length           0.672         6.720E-01
       kilograms/sq cm           9.1128048          atmospheres               Pressure               0.9678         9.678E-01
       kilograms/sq cm           308.93896           feet of water            Pressure                32.81        3.281E+01
       kilograms/sq cm           272.68736       inches of mercury            Pressure                28.96        2.896E+01
       kilograms/sq cm           19283.968           pounds/sq ft             Pressure                2,048        2.048E+03
       kilograms/sq cm           133.89552          pounds/sq in              Pressure                14.22        1.422E+01
     kilograms/sq metre         0.00091128          atmospheres               Pressure            0.00009678        9.678E-05
     kilograms/sq metre        0.000923427                 bars               Pressure            0.00009807        9.807E-05
     kilograms/sq metre        3.08939E-07           feet of water            Pressure          0.00000003281       3.281E-08
     kilograms/sq metre        0.027268736       inches of mercury            Pressure             0.002896         2.896E-03
     kilograms/sq metre          1.9283968           pounds/sq ft             Pressure               0.2048         2.048E-01
     kilograms/sq metre        0.013389552          pounds/sq in              Pressure             0.001422         1.422E-03


                                                                                               Page 11
kilograms/sq mm           998.096             kgs/sq metre                Pressure               106        1.060E+02
        kilolines           9416                maxwells                     EMF                1,000       1.000E+03
        kilolitres          9416                     litres                Volume               1,000       1.000E+03
      kilometres           94160               centimetres                 Length              10,000       1.000E+04
      kilometres         30893.896                    feet                 Length               3,281       3.281E+03
      kilometres        370726.752                 inches                  Length              39,372       3.937E+04
      kilometres            9416                  metres                   Length               1,000       1.000E+03
      kilometres         5.8511024                  miles                  Length              0.6214       6.214E-01
      kilometres          998.096              millimetres                 Length                106        1.060E+02
      kilometres         10301.104                  yards                  Length               1,094       1.094E+03
kilometres per litre     42.767472       kilometres per gallon          Fuel economy            4.542       4.542E+00
kilometres per litre    26.5757071          miles per gallon            Fuel economy            2.822       2.822E+00
kilometres per litre     5.8511024           miles per litre            Fuel economy           0.6214       6.214E-01
    kilometres/hr        261.57648               cms/sec                   Velocity            27.780       2.778E+01
    kilometres/hr        514.86688               feet/min                  Velocity            54.680       5.468E+01
    kilometres/hr        8.5808008               feet/sec                  Velocity             0.911       9.113E-01
    kilometres/hr        5.0808736                  knots                  Velocity             0.540       5.396E-01
    kilometres/hr        156.96472             metres/mjn                  Velocity            16.670       1.667E+01
    kilometres/hr        5.8511024               miles/hr                  Velocity             0.621       6.214E-01
 kilometres/hr/sec       261.57648            cms/sec/sec                Acceleration          27.780       2.778E+01
 kilometres/hr/sec       8.5808008              ft/sec/sec               Acceleration           0.911       9.113E-01
 kilometres/hr/sec       2.6157648           metres/sec/sec              Acceleration           0.278       2.778E-01
 kilometres/hr/sec       5.8511024            miles/hr/sec               Acceleration           0.621       6.214E-01
     kiloWatt-hrs        32136.808                     btu                 Energy               3,413       3.413E+03
     kiloWatt-hrs         33897.6                    ergs                  Energy               3,600       3.600E+03
     kiloWatt-hrs        24999480                 foot-lbs                 Energy         2,655,000.000     2.655E+06
     kiloWatt-hrs        8096347.6           gram-calories                 Energy             859,850       8.599E+05
     kiloWatt-hrs        12.626856          horsepower-hra                 Energy               1.341       1.341E+00
     kiloWatt-hrs        33897600                   joules                 Energy            3,600,000      3.600E+06
     kiloWatt-hrs        8102.468              kg-calories                 Energy               860.5       8.605E+02
     kiloWatt-hrs        3456613.6              kg-metres                  Energy             367,100       3.671E+05
       kiloWatts         535.95872               btu/rnin                   Power              56.920       5.692E+01
       kiloWatts         416752.16            foot-lbs/min                  Power              44,260       4.426E+04
       kiloWatts         6945.2416             foot-lbs/sec                 Power             737.600       7.376E+02
       kiloWatts         12.626856             horsepower                   Power               1.341       1.341E+00
       kiloWatts         135.02544          kg-calories/min                 Power               14.34       1.434E+01
       kiloWatts            9416                   Watts                    Power               1,000       1.000E+03
           knots         57249.28                  feet/hr                 Velocity             6,080       6.080E+03
           knots         15.903624               feet/sec                  Velocity             1.689       1.689E+00
           knots        17.4497312            kilometres/hr                Velocity             1.853       1.853E+00
           knots            9.416          nautical miles/hr ,             Velocity             1.000       1.000E+00
           knots         10.837816          statute miles/hr               Velocity             1.151       1.151E+00
           knots         19086.232               yards/hr                  Velocity             2,027       2.027E+03
         league            28.248            miles (approx)                Length               3.000       3.000E+00
       light year      8.90839E+13              Kilometres                 Length       9,460,910,000,000   9.461E+12
       light year      5.55544E+13                   Miles                 Length       5,900,000,000,000   5.900E+12
     lines/sq cm            9.416                  Gauss                     EMF                  1         1.000E+00
      lines/sq in         1.45948                  Gauss                     EMF                0.155       1.550E-01
      lines/sq in      1.45948E-08           Webers/sq cm                    EMF          0.00000000155     1.550E-09
      lines/sq in        9.416E-08            Webers/sq in                   EMF            0.00000001      1.000E-08
      lines/sq in      0.000145948         Webers/sq metre                   EMF             0.0000155      1.550E-05
  link (engineer's)       112.992                  inches                  Length                12         1.200E+01
  link (surveyor's)      74.57472                  inches                  Length               7.92        7.920E+00
            litre           9416                   cu cm                   Volume               1,000       1.000E+03
            litre       0.33247896                 cu feet                 Volume               0.035       3.531E-02
            litre        574.56432              cu inches                  Volume               61.02       6.102E+01
            litre        0.009416               cu metres                  Volume               0.001       1.000E-03
            litre      0.012316128               cu yards                  Volume            0.001308       1.308E-03
            litre       2.07312072                gallons                  Volume              0.2202       2.202E-01
            litre        16.581576                   pints                 Volume               1.761       1.761E+00
            litre        8.290788                  quarts                  Volume               0.881       8.805E-01
        litre/min      0.005542258               cu ft/sec                   Flow            0.0005886      5.886E-04
        litre/min      0.005542258               cu ft/sec                   Flow            0.0005886      5.886E-04
        litre/min      0.034547304               gals/sec                    Flow            0.003669       3.669E-03
        litre/min      0.034547304               gals/sec                    Flow            0.003669       3.669E-03
 litres per 100km       30.0001062          miles per gallon            Fuel economy          282.481       2.825E+02
          lumen         0.74932528      spherical candle power              Light             0.07958       7.958E-02
          lumen         0.74932528      spherical candle power              Light             0.07958       7.958E-02
          lumen        0.014086336                   Watt                   Light            0.001496       1.496E-03
          lumen        0.014086336                   Watt                   Light            0.001496       1.496E-03
     lumen/sq ft            9.416             foot-candles                  Light                 1         1.000E+00
     lumen/sq ft            9.416             foot-candles                  Light                 1         1.000E+00
     lumen/sq ft         101.31616          lumen/sq metre                  Light               10.76       1.076E+01
     lumen/sq ft         101.31616          lumen/sq metre                  Light               10.76       1.076E+01
             lux         0.8747464            foot-candles                  Light               0.093       9.290E-02
             lux         0.8747464            foot-candles                  Light              0.0929       9.290E-02
        maxwell          0.009416                kilolines                   EMF                0.001       1.000E-03
        maxwell          0.009416                kilolines                   EMF                0.001       1.000E-03
        maxwell          9.416E-08               Webers                      EMF            0.00000001      1.000E-08
        maxwell          9.416E-08               Webers                      EMF            0.00000001      1.000E-08
       megaline        0.000009416              maxwells                     EMF                0.000       1.000E-06
       megaline           9416000               maxwells                     EMF             1,000,000      1.000E+06
       megOhm           9.416E+12               micrOhms                     EMF        1,000,000,000,000   1.000E+12
       megOhm           9.416E+12               micrOhms                     EMF        1,000,000,000,000   1.000E+12
       megOhm             9416000                  Ohms                      EMF             1,000,000      1.000E+06
       megOhm             9416000                  Ohms                      EMF             1,000,000      1.000E+06
          metre             941.6              centimetres                 Length                100        1.000E+02
          metre             941.6              centimetres                 Length                100        1.000E+02
          metre          30.893896                    feet                 Length               3.281       3.281E+00
          metre          30.893896                    feet                 Length               3.281       3.281E+00
          metre          370.70792                 inches                  Length               39.37       3.937E+01
          metre          370.70792                 inches                  Length              39.370       3.937E+01
          metre          0.009416               kilometres                 Length               0.001       1.000E-03
          metre          0.009416               kilometres                 Length               0.001       1.000E-03
          metre        0.005080874            miles (naut)                 Length            0.0005396      5.396E-04
          metre        0.005080996    miles (nautical - admiralty)         Length          0.000539613      5.396E-04
          metre        0.005084244   miles (nautical - international)      Length                           5.400E-04
                                                                                          0.000539958
     metre             0.005850831             miles (stat)               Length          0.000621371       6.214E-04
     metre             0.005851102             miles (stat)               Length           0.0006214        6.214E-04
     metre                 9416                millimetres                Length              1,000         1.000E+03
     metre                 9416                millimetres                Length              1,000         1.000E+03
     metre              11.101464                  varas                  Length              1.179         1.179E+00
     metre              11.101464                  varas                  Length              1.179         1.179E+00
     metre              10.301104                  yards                  Length              1.094         1.094E+00
     metre              10.301104                  yards                  Length              1.094         1.094E+00
    metre/min           15.696472                cms/sec                  Velocity            1.667         1.667E+00
    metre/min           15.696472                cms/sec                  Velocity            1.667         1.667E+00
    metre/min           30.893896                feet/min                 Velocity            3.281         3.281E+00
    metre/min           30.893896                feet/min                 Velocity            3.281         3.281E+00
    metre/min          0.51486688                feet/sec                 Velocity          0.05468         5.468E-02
    metre/min          0.51486688                feet/sec                 Velocity          0.05468         5.468E-02
    metre/min            0.56496                  kms/hr                  Velocity            0.06          6.000E-02
    metre/min            0.56496                  kms/hr                  Velocity            0.06          6.000E-02
    metre/min          0.30489008                  knots                  Velocity          0.03238         3.238E-02
    metre/min          0.30489008                  knots                  Velocity           0.0324         3.238E-02
    metre/min          0.35102848                miles/hr                 Velocity          0.03728         3.728E-02
    metre/min          0.35102848                miles/hr                 Velocity          0.03728         3.728E-02
    metre/sec           1853.0688                feet/min                 Velocity          196.800         1.968E+02
    metre/sec           1853.0688                feet/min                 Velocity            196.8         1.968E+02
    metre/sec           30.893896                feet/sec                 Velocity            3.281         3.281E+00
    metre/sec           30.893896                feet/sec                 Velocity            3.281         3.281E+00
    metre/sec            33.8976              kilometres/hr               Velocity             3.6          3.600E+00
    metre/sec            33.8976              kilometres/hr               Velocity             3.6          3.600E+00
    metre/sec            0.56496             kilometres/min               Velocity            0.060         6.000E-02
    metre/sec            0.56496             kilometres/min               Velocity            0.06          6.000E-02
    metre/sec           21.063592                miles/hr                 Velocity            2.237         2.237E+00


                                                                                         Page 12
    metre/sec          21.063592              miles/hr         Velocity            2.237        2.237E+00
    metre/sec         0.35102848             miles/min         Velocity           0.03728       3.728E-02
    metre/sec         0.35102848             miles/min         Velocity           0.03728       3.728E-02
  metre/sec/sec            941.6          cms/sec/sec        Acceleration           100         1.000E+02
  metre/sec/sec            941.6          cms/sec/sec        Acceleration           100         1.000E+02
  metre/sec/sec        30.893896             ft/sec/sec      Acceleration          3.281        3.281E+00
  metre/sec/sec        30.893896             ft/sec/sec      Acceleration          3.281        3.281E+00
  metre/sec/sec          33.8976            kms/hr/sec       Acceleration            3.6        3.600E+00
  metre/sec/sec          33.8976           kms/hr/'sec       Acceleration            3.6        3.600E+00
  metre/sec/sec        21.063592          miles/hr/sec       Acceleration          2.237        2.237E+00
  metre/sec/sec        21.063592          miles/hr/sec       Acceleration          2.237        2.237E+00
 metre-kilogram        923427120             cm-dynes          Energy           98,070,000      9.807E+07
 metre-kilogram        923427120             cm-dynes           Force           98,070,000      9.807E+07
 metre-kilogram        941600000            cm-grams           Energy          100,000,000      1.000E+08
 metre-kilogram          9416000            cm-grams            Force            1,000,000      1.000E+06
 metre-kilogram        68.105928            pound-feet         Energy              7.233        7.233E+00
 metre-kilogram        68.105928            pound-feet          Force              7.233        7.233E+00
    microfarad        0.000009416               farads           EMF             0.000001       1.000E-06
    microfarad        0.000009416               farads           EMF             0.000001       1.000E-06
   microgram          0.000009416               grams           Mass             0.000001       1.000E-06
   microgram          0.000009416               grams           Mass             0.000001       1.000E-06
    micrOhm             9.416E-09           megOhms              EMF           0.000000001      1.000E-09
    micrOhm            9.416E+12            megOhms              EMF        1,000,000,000,000   1.000E+12
    micrOhm           0.000009416               Ohms             EMF             0.000001       1.000E-06
    micrOhm           0.000009416               Ohms             EMF             0.000001       1.000E-06
    microlitre        0.000009416                litres        Volume            0.000001       1.000E-06
    microlitre        0.000009416                litres        Volume            0.000001       1.000E-06
       micron         0.000009416              metres          Length            0.000001       1.000E-06
       micron         0.000009416              metres          Length            0.000001       1.000E-06
         mil          0.02391664            centimetre         Length             0.00254       2.540E-03
         mil          0.000784667                 feet         Length         0.0000833333      8.333E-05
         mil            0.009416                inches         Length              0.001        1.000E-03
         mil          2.39166E-07           kilometres         Length         0.0000000254      2.540E-08
         mil          0.000261556                yards         Length         0.0000277778      2.778E-05
  mile (nautical)     57251.82232                 feet         Length            6,080.27       6.080E+03
  mile (nautical)     57251.82232                 feet         Length            6,080.27       6.080E+03
  mile (nautical)      17.447848            kilometres         Length              1.853        1.853E+00
  mile (nautical)      17.447848            kilometres         Length              1.853        1.853E+00
  mile (nautical)      17447.848               metres          Length              1,853        1.853E+03
  mile (nautical)      17447.848               metres          Length              1,853        1.853E+03
  mile (nautical)     10.8434656         miles (statute)       Length             1.1516        1.152E+00
  mile (nautical)     10.8434656         miles (statute)       Length             1.1516        1.152E+00
  mile (nautical)      19086.232                 yards         Length              2,027        2.027E+03
  mile (nautical)      19086.232                 yards         Length              2,027        2.027E+03
  mile (statute)       1515034.4           centimetres         Length             160,900       1.609E+05
  mile (statute)       1515034.4           centimetres         Length             160,900       1.609E+05
  mile (statute)        49716.48                  feet         Length              5,280        5.280E+03
  mile (statute)        49716.48                  feet         Length              5,280        5.280E+03
  mile (statute)       596597.76                inches         Length             63,360        6.336E+04
  mile (statute)       596597.76                inches         Length             63,360        6.336E+04
  mile (statute)       15.150344            kilometres         Length              1.609        1.609E+00
  mile (statute)       15.150344            kilometres         Length              1.609        1.609E+00
  mile (statute)       15150.344               metres          Length              1,609        1.609E+03
  mile (statute)       15150.344               metres          Length              1,609        1.609E+03
  mile (statute)       8.1768544           miles (naut)        Length             0.8684        8.684E-01
  mile (statute)       8.1768544           miles (naut)        Length             0.8684        8.684E-01
  mile (statute)        16572.16                 yards         Length              1,760        1.760E+03
  mile (statute)        16572.16                 yards         Length              1,760        1.760E+03
    mile/hour           420.8952              cms/sec          Velocity             44.7        4.470E+01
    mile/hour           420.8952              cms/sec          Velocity             44.7        4.470E+01
    mile/hour            828.608              feet/min         Velocity              88         8.800E+01
    mile/hour            828.608              feet/min         Velocity              88         8.800E+01
    mile/hour          13.813272              feet/sec         Velocity            1.467        1.467E+00
    mile/hour          15.150344               kms/hr          Velocity            1.609        1.609E+00
    mile/hour         0.25253712              kms/min          Velocity            0.027        2.682E-02
    mile/hour          8.1768544                 knots         Velocity           0.8684        8.684E-01
    mile/hour           4.208952                m/sec          Velocity              0.4        4.470E-01
    mile/hour          252.53712           metres/min          Velocity            26.82        2.682E+01
    mile/hour          1.5696472             miles/min         Velocity           0.1667        1.667E-01
   mile/hr/sec          420.8952          cms/sec/sec        Acceleration           44.7        4.470E+01
   mile/hr/sec         13.813272           feet/sec/sec      Acceleration          1.467        1.467E+00
   mile/hr/sec         15.150344            kms/hr/sec       Acceleration          1.609        1.609E+00
   mile/hr/sec          4.208952        metres/sec/sec       Acceleration          0.447        4.470E-01
     mile/min          25253.712              cms/sec          Velocity            2,682        2.682E+03
     mile/min            828.608              feet/sec         Velocity              88         8.800E+01
     mile/min          15.150344              kms/min          Velocity            1.609        1.609E+00
     mile/min          8.1768544             knots/min         Velocity            0.868        8.684E-01
     mile/min             564.96              miles/hr         Velocity              60         6.000E+01
 miles per gallon      15.150344    kilometres per gallon   Fuel economy           1.609        1.609E+00
 miles per gallon     3.335610744    kilometres per litre   Fuel economy           0.354        3.542E-01
 miles per gallon     30.0001062       litres per 100km     Fuel economy          282.481       2.825E+02
 miles per gallon     2.073095553        miles per litre    Fuel economy           0.220        2.202E-01
  miles per litre      42.767472       miles per gallon     Fuel economy           4.542        4.542E+00
      mil-foot        8.87458E-05            cu inches         Volume          0.000009425      9.425E-06
       millier             9416               kilogram          Mass               1,000        1.000E+03
    milligram         0.145311102               grains          Mass               0.015        1.543E-02
    milligram           0.009416                grams           Mass               0.001        1.000E-03
  milligram/litre          9.416          parts/million        Density             1.000        1.000E+00
    millihenrie         0.009416              Henries            EMF               0.001        1.000E-03
    millimetre            0.9416           centimetres         Length              0.100        1.000E-01
    millimetre        0.030893896                 feet         Length            0.003281       3.281E-03
    millimetre        0.37070792                inches         Length             0.03937       3.937E-02
    millimetre        0.000009416           kilometres         Length            0.000001       1.000E-06
    millimetre          0.009416                 litres        Volume              0.001        1.000E-03
    millimetre          0.009416               metres          Length              0.001        1.000E-03
    millimetre         5.8511E-06                miles         Length         0.0000006214      6.214E-07
    millimetre         370.70792                  mils         Length             39.370        3.937E+01
    millimetre        0.010301104                yards         Length            0.001094       1.094E-03
   millimicron          9.416E-09              metres          Length          0.000000001      1.000E-09
  million gal/day     14.56871768             cu ft/sec          Flow              1.547        1.547E+00
   miner's inch           14.124              cu ft/min          Flow              1.500        1.500E+00
       minim          0.557370704              cu cms          Volume            0.059194       5.919E-02
       minim          0.034010592            cu inches         Volume             0.00361       3.612E-03
  minim (British)     0.557351872            cubic cm          Volume              0.059        5.919E-02
   minim (US)         0.58011976               cu cms          Volume             0.06161       6.161E-02
   minim (US)         0.035394744            cu inches         Volume             0.00376       3.759E-03
 minim (US, fluid)    0.580138592            cubic cm          Volume              0.062        6.161E-02
 minute (angles)      0.15696472              degrees           Angle              0.017        1.667E-02
 minute (angles)      0.001743843           quadrants           Angle           0.0001852       1.852E-04
 minute (angles)      0.002739114              radians          Angle           0.0002909       2.909E-04
 minute (angles)          564.96              seconds           Angle                60         6.000E+01
   myriagram               94.16             kilograms          Mass                 10         1.000E+01
   myriametre              94.16            kilometres         Length                10         1.000E+01
    myriaWatt              94.16             kiloWatts          Power                10         1.000E+01
       neper           81.787376              decibels         Sound               8.686        8.686E+00
      newton             9416000                Dynes          Energy            1,000,000      1.000E+06
        Ohm           0.000009416           megOhms              EMF             0.000001       1.000E-06
        Ohm              9416000            micrOhms             EMF             1,000,000      1.000E+06
Ohm (International)     9.420708       Ohm (absolute)            EMF              1.0005        1.001E+00
  ounce (avdp)           150.656                drams           Mass                 16         1.600E+01
  ounce (avdp)            4119.5                grains          Mass               437.5        4.375E+02
  ounce (avdp)        266.9391462               grams           Mass               28.35        2.835E+01
  ounce (avdp)          8.582684          ounces (troy)         Mass              0.9115        9.115E-01
  ounce (avdp)            0.5885               pounds           Mass              0.0625        6.250E-02
  ounce (avdp)        0.000262706                 tons          Mass            0.0000279       2.790E-05
  ounce (avdp)        0.000266944         tons (metric)         Mass           0.00002835       2.835E-05
   ounce (troy)          4519.68                grains          Mass                480         4.800E+02


                                                                             Page 13
     ounce (troy)     292.8703771                 grams            Mass                  31.103                     3.110E+01
     ounce (troy)     10.33067024          ounces (advp)           Mass                   1.097                     1.097E+00
     ounce (troy)         188.32        pennyweights (troy)        Mass                     20                      2.000E+01
     ounce (troy)      0.78463528           pounds (troy)          Mass                  0.08333                    8.333E-02
     ounce force      2.617779824                Newton            Force                0.278014                    2.780E-01
      ounce/inch      105.0938592         gram/centimetre      Mass per length           11.1612                    1.116E+01
      ounce/inch      10.50938592          kilogram/metre      Mass per length           1.11612                    1.116E+00
    ounce/sq foot     2873.311232          gram/sq metre       Mass per area             305.152                    3.052E+02
      ounce/sq in         0.5885            pounds/sq-in         Pressure                0.0625                     6.250E-02
      ounce/sq in       40573.544           Dynes/sq cm          Pressure                 4,309                     4.309E+03
    ounce/sq yard     319.2560712          gram/sq metre       Mass per area             33.9057                    3.391E+01
        Parsec        2.90389E+14              Kilometres         Length           30,840,000,000,000               3.084E+13
        Parsec        1.78904E+14                 Miles           Length           19,000,000,000,000               1.900E+13
      part/million     0.66062656          grains/Imp gal         Density                0.07016                    7.016E-02
      part/million      0.5498944           grains/US gal         Density                0.0584                     5.840E-02
      part/million      78.57652         pounds/million gal       Density                 8.345                     8.345E+00
          peck          5222.1136            cubic inches         Volume                  554.6                     5.546E+02
          peck        85.60933982                  litres         Volume                  9.092                     9.092E+00
       peck (US)       5062.08868              cu inches          Volume                 537.605                    5.376E+02
       peck (US)        82.945544                  litres         Volume                  8.809                     8.809E+00
       peck (US)          75.328               quart (US)         Volume                  8.000                     8.000E+00
 pennyweight (troy)      225.984                  grains           Mass                     24                      2.400E+01
 pennyweight (troy)   14.64348072                 grams            Mass                   1.555                     1.555E+00
 pennyweight (troy)       0.4708            ounces (troy)          Mass                    0.05                     5.000E-02
 pennyweight (troy)   0.039233647           pounds (troy)          Mass                 0.004167                    4.167E-03
           pint         5346.4048                cu cms           Volume                 567.800                    5.678E+02
           pint        0.01887908                cu feet          Volume                0.002005                    2.005E-03
           pint         326.17024              cu inches          Volume                  34.64                     3.464E+01
           pint       0.005346405              cu metres          Volume               0.0005678                    5.678E-04
           pint       0.006616623               cu yards          Volume               0.0007027                    7.027E-04
           pint            1.177                 gallons          Volume                  0.125                     1.250E-01
           pint         5.3464048                  litres         Volume                 0.5678                     5.678E-01
           pint            4.708                  quarts          Volume                    0.5                     5.000E-01
     pint (US dry)      316.3776               cu inches          Volume                 33.600                     3.360E+01
     pint (US dry)        5.1788                   litres         Volume                  0.550                     5.500E-01
   pint (US liquid)      271.887               cu inches          Volume                 28.875                     2.888E+01
   pint (US liquid)     4.453768                   litres         Volume                  0.473                     4.730E-01
                                                                                 0.000000000000000000000000006624
 Planck's quantum     6.23716E-26             erg-second           Power                                            6.624E-27
          pood           33.8976                 gallons          Volume                     3.6                    3.600E+00
pound (avoirdupois)     2410.496                  drams            Mass                      256                    2.560E+02
pound (avoirdupois)   4188453.368                 dynes            Force                  444,823                   4.448E+05
pound (avoirdupois)       65912                   grains           Mass                     7,000                   7.000E+03
pound (avoirdupois)   4271.026038                 grams            Mass                  453.5924                   4.536E+02
pound (avoirdupois)    0.41882368              joules/cm           Force                  0.04448                   4.448E-02
pound (avoirdupois)     4.2710976              kilograms           Mass                    0.4536                   4.536E-01
pound (avoirdupois)     41.882368    newtons (joules/metre)        Force                    4.448                   4.448E+00
pound (avoirdupois)      150.656                 ounces            Mass                      16                     1.600E+01
pound (avoirdupois)   137.3163528           ounces (troy)          Mass                   14.5833                   1.458E+01
pound (avoirdupois)   137.3163528           ounces (troy)          Mass                   14.5833                   1.458E+01
pound (avoirdupois)     302.91272               poundals           Force                    32.17                   3.217E+01
pound (avoirdupois)   11.44307648           pounds (troy)          Mass                     1.215                   1.215E+00
     pound (troy)       54236.16              grain (troy)         Mass                     5,760                   5.760E+03
     pound (troy)     3514.444506                 grams            Mass                  373.24177                  3.732E+02
     pound (troy)     123.9682312          ounces (avdp)           Mass                   13.1657                   1.317E+01
     pound (troy)        112.992            ounces (troy)          Mass                      12                     1.200E+01
     pound (troy)        2259.84        pennyweights (troy)        Mass                      240                    2.400E+02
     pound (troy)     7.748021512          pounds (avdp)           Mass                  0.822857                   8.229E-01
     pound (troy)     0.003458968                  tons            Mass                 0.00036735                  3.674E-04
     pound (troy)     0.003514428            tons (metric)         Mass                 0.00037324                  3.732E-04
     pound force      41.88443952                Newton            Force                  4.44822                   4.448E+00
pound force/sq foot   450.8409048          Newtons/sq m          Pressure                  47.880                   4.788E+01
pound force/sq inch   649.2106016                millibar        Pressure                 68.9476                   6.895E+01
pound force/sq inch   64921.06016          Newtons/sq m          Pressure                6,894.760                  6.895E+03
   pound of water      0.15084432                cu feet          Volume                  0.01602                   1.602E-02
   pound of water       260.63488              cu inches          Volume                    27.68                   2.768E+01
pound/1000 sq foot    45.97296088          gram/sq metre       Mass per area              4.88243                   4.882E+00
pound/1000 sq foot    459.7296088              kg/hectare      Mass per area              48.8243                   4.882E+01
  pound/cubic foot     150.830196      kilogram/cubic metre      Density                   16.019                   1.602E+01
  pound/cubic inch    260.6339384    gram/cubic centimetre       Density                   27.680                   2.768E+01
  pound/cubic inch    260.6339384        tonne/cubic metre       Density                   27.680                   2.768E+01
      pound/foot      14.01251456          kilogram/metre      Mass per length            1.48816                   1.488E+00
     pound/gallon     0.939493641   kilogram/cubic decimetre     Density                 0.0997763                  9.978E-02
     pound/gallon      0.93952848           kilogram/litre       Density                  0.09978                   9.978E-02
      pound/inch       168.150928          kilogram/metre      Mass per length             17.858                   1.786E+01
    pound/sq foot     45.97296088        kilogram/sq metre     Mass per area              4.88243                   4.882E+00
    pound/sq inch      662.010712       gram/sq centimetre     Mass per area               70.307                   7.031E+01
    pound/sq inch      6620.10712        kilogram/sq metre     Mass per area               703.07                   7.031E+02
      pound/yard       4.67085388          kilogram/metre      Mass per length           0.496055                   4.961E-01
        poundal        130185.616                 dynes            Force                   13,826                   1.383E+04
        poundal         132.7656                  grams            Force                    14.1                    1.410E+01
        poundal       0.013022328              joules/cm           Force                 0.001383                   1.383E-03
        poundal         1.3022328    joules/metre (newtons)        Force                   0.1383                   1.383E-01
        poundal         0.1327656              kilograms           Force                   0.0141                   1.410E-02
        poundal        1.30180908                Newton            Force                 0.138255                   1.383E-01
        poundal        0.29264928                pounds            Force                  0.03108                   3.108E-02
   poundal/sq foot    14.01251456          Newtons/sq m          Pressure                 1.48816                   1.488E+00
          quart         653.04668              cu inches          Volume                   69.355                   6.936E+01
          quart         10.696576                  litres         Volume                    1.136                   1.136E+00
    quart (US dry)      632.7552               cu inches          Volume                   67.200                   6.720E+01
    quart (US dry)      10.367016                  litres         Volume                    1.101                   1.101E+00
  quart (US liquid)      543.774               cu inches          Volume                   57.750                   5.775E+01
  quart (US liquid)     8.907536                   litres         Volume                    0.946                   9.460E-01
         quintal           941.6              kilogramme           Mass                      100                    1.000E+02
    revolution/sec      59.160728             radians/sec         Velocity                  6.283                   6.283E+00
    revolution/sec        564.96                revs/min          Velocity                   60                     6.000E+01
 revolution/sec/sec     59.160728         radians/sec/sec       Acceleration                6.283                   6.283E+00
 revolution/sec/sec      33897.6            revs/min/min        Acceleration                3,600                   3.600E+03
 revolution/sec/sec       564.96             revs/min/sec       Acceleration                 60                     6.000E+01
           rod             2.354          Chain (Gunter's)        Length                    0.25                    2.500E-01
           rod           155.364                    feet          Length                    16.5                    1.650E+01
           rod          47.353064                metres           Length                    5.029                   5.029E+00
           rod            51.788                  yards           Length                     5.5                    5.500E+00
          rood          0.9303008                   are             Area                   0.0988                   9.880E-02
        scruple           188.32             grain (apoth)         Mass                      20                     2.000E+01
        scruple         12.19372                  grams            Mass                     1.295                   1.295E+00
   second (angle)     0.002615765               degrees            Angle                 0.0002778                  2.778E-04
   second (angle)      0.15696472               minutes            Angle                  0.01667                   1.667E-02
   second (angle)     2.90672E-05              quadrants           Angle               0.000003087                  3.087E-06
   second (angle)     4.56488E-05                radians           Angle               0.000004848                  4.848E-06
          slug          137.37944               kilogram           Mass                     14.59                   1.459E+01
          slug          302.91272                Pounds            Mass                     32.17                   3.217E+01
   slug/cubic foot    4852.808664      kilogram/cubic metre      Density                  515.379                   5.154E+02
         sphere         118.35912              Steradians          Angle                    12.57                   1.257E+01
 square centimetre      1857776.8            circular mils          Area                  197,300                   1.973E+05
 square centimetre    0.010131616                sq feet            Area                 0.001076                   1.076E-03
 square centimetre       1.45948               sq inches            Area                    0.155                   1.550E-01
 square centimetre      0.0009416              sq metres            Area                   0.0001                   1.000E-04
 square centimetre    3.63552E-10               sq miles            Area             0.0000000000386                3.861E-11
 square centimetre         941.6            sq millimetres          Area                     100                    1.000E+02
 square centimetre    0.001126154               sq yards            Area                 0.0001196                  1.196E-04
      square foot     0.000216191                 acres             Area                0.00002296                  2.296E-05
      square foot     1725952800             circular mils          Area                183,300,000                 1.833E+08
      square foot       8747.464                 sq cms             Area                     929                    9.290E+02
      square foot       1355.904               sq inches            Area                     144                    1.440E+02
      square foot       0.8747464              sq metres            Area                   0.0929                   9.290E-02
      square foot     3.37752E-07               sq miles            Area              0.00000003587                 3.587E-08
      square foot       874746.4            sq millimetres          Area                   92,900                   9.290E+04


                                                                                      Page 14
     square foot         1.0461176            sq yards           Area                0.1111        1.111E-01
     square inch         11986568          circular mils         Area               1,273,000      1.273E+06
     square inch         60.752032              sq cms           Area                 6.452        6.452E+00
     square inch       0.065384704              sq feet          Area               0.006944       6.944E-03
     square inch         6075.2032        sq millimetres         Area                 645.2        6.452E+02
     square inch          998.096               sq mils          Area                  106         1.060E+02
     square inch       0.007265386            sq yards           Area              0.0007716       7.716E-04
 square kilometre        2326.6936               acres           Area                 247.1        2.471E+02
 square kilometre      94160000000              sq cms           Area         10,000,000,000.000   1.000E+10
 square kilometre       101316160                 sq ft          Area              10,760,000      1.076E+07
 square kilometre      14594800000            sq inches          Area          1,550,000,000.000   1.550E+09
 square kilometre         998.096            sq metres           Area                  106         1.060E+02
 square kilometre        3.6355176             sq miles          Area                0.3861        3.861E-01
 square kilometre        11261536             sq yards           Area               1,196,000      1.196E+06
    square metre       0.002326694               acres           Area              0.0002471       2.471E-04
    square metre           94160                sq cms           Area                10,000        1.000E+04
    square metre         101.31616              sq feet          Area                 10.76        1.076E+01
    square metre          14594.8             sq inches          Area                 1,550        1.550E+03
    square metre       3.63552E-06             sq miles          Area            0.0000003861      3.861E-07
    square metre          9416000         sq millimetres         Area               1,000,000      1.000E+06
    square metre         11.261536            sq yards           Area                 1.196        1.196E+00
square miIlimetre        18577.768         circular mils         Area                 1,973        1.973E+03
square miIlimetre         0.09416               sq cms           Area                  0.01        1.000E-02
square miIlimetre      0.000101316              sq feet          Area             0.00001076       1.076E-05
      square mil       0.001945346               acres           Area              0.0002066       2.066E-04
      square mil         11.986568         circular mils         Area                 1.273        1.273E+00
      square mil        6.0752E-05              sq cms           Area             0.000006452      6.452E-06
      square mil       0.000009416            sq inches          Area               0.000001       1.000E-06
     square mile          6026.24                acres           Area                  640         6.400E+02
     square mile        262518080               sq feet          Area              27,880,000      2.788E+07
     square mile         24.38744               sq kms           Area                  2.59        2.590E+00
     square mile         24387440            sq metres           Area               2,590,000      2.590E+06
     square mile         29170768             sq yards           Area               3,098,000      3.098E+06
square millimetre        0.0145948            sq inches          Area                0.00155       1.550E-03
     square yard         78727.176              sq cms           Area                 8,361        8.361E+03
     square yard           84.744               sq feet          Area                    9         9.000E+00
     square yard         12203.136            sq inches          Area                 1,296        1.296E+03
     square yard         7.8727176           sq metres           Area                0.8361        8.361E-01
     square yard       3.03948E-06             sq miles          Area            0.0000003228      3.228E-07
     square yard         7872717.6        sq millimetres         Area                836,100       8.361E+05
          stere             9.416             cu metre         Volume                 1.000        1.000E+00
           ton           9566.656            kilograms          Mass                  1,016        1.016E+03
           ton           21091.84              pounds           Mass                  2,240        2.240E+03
   ton (US long)         21091.84              pounds           Mass                  2,240        2.240E+03
  ton (US short)           18832               pounds           Mass                  2,000        2.000E+03
       ton force       93.82121232          kiloNewton          Force                9.96402       9.964E+00
 ton force/sq foot     1009.884832     kiloNewtons/sq m       Pressure               107.252       1.073E+02
 ton force/sq inch     145.4235288   megaNewtons/sq m         Pressure               15.4443       1.544E+01
 ton force/sq inch     145.4235288      Newtons/sq mm         Pressure               15.4443       1.544E+01
ton of water/24 hr       14.07692               cu ft/hr         Flow                 1.495        1.495E+00
ton of water/24 hr       1.464188           gallons/min          Flow                0.1555        1.555E-01
ton of water/24 hr       878.79528    pounds of water/hr         Flow                 93.33        9.333E+01
   ton/1000 yard       10.46268256       kilogram/metre     Mass per length          1.11116       1.111E+00
       ton/acre        23640.84536           kg/hectare     Mass per area           2,510.71       2.511E+03
       ton/acre        2.364084536     kilogram/sq metre    Mass per area           0.251071       2.511E-01
  ton/cubic yard       12513.29904   kilogram/cubic metre     Density               1,328.940      1.329E+03
  ton/cubic yard       12.51329904       ton/cubic metre      Density                 1.329        1.329E+00
        ton/mile       5.944716272       kilogram/metre     Mass per length         0.631342       6.313E-01
        ton/mile       5.944716272       tonne/kilometre    Mass per length         0.631342       6.313E-01
     ton/sq mile       36.93877968      kilogram/hectare    Mass per area            3.92298       3.923E+00
     ton/sq mile       3693.877968       kilogram/sq km     Mass per area            392.298       3.923E+02
   tonne (metric)           9416             kilograms          Mass                  1,000        1.000E+03
   tonne (metric)        20762.28              pounds           Mass                  2,205        2.205E+03
        tonneau             9416              kilogram          Mass                  1,000        1.000E+03
         vedro            25.4232               gallons        Volume                   2.7        2.700E+00
  Volt (absolute)      0.031411776            Statvolts          Emf                0.003336       3.336E-03
       Volt/inch         3.7070792             Volt/cm           Emf                 0.3937        3.937E-01
          Watt          32.1358664               btu/hr         Power                3.4129        3.413E+00
          Watt          0.53558208             btu/min          Power                0.0569        5.688E-02
          Watt           1007.512              ergs/sec         Power                  107         1.070E+02
          Watt           416.84632         foot-lbs/min         Power                 44.27        4.427E+01
          Watt           6.9471248          foot-lbs/sec        Power                0.7378        7.378E-01
          Watt         0.012626856         horsepower           Power               0.001341       1.341E-03
          Watt          0.01280576   horsepower (metric)        Power                0.00136       1.360E-03
          Watt          0.13493128       kg-calories/min        Power                0.01433       1.433E-02
          Watt           0.009416             kiloWatts         Power                 0.001        1.000E-03
     Watt (Abs.)       0.535619744       btu (mean)/min         Power               0.056884       5.688E-02
     Watt (Abs.)            9.416            joules/sec         Power                    1         1.000E+00
Watt (International)     9.4178832       Watt (absolute)        Power                1.0002        1.000E+00
      Watt-hour          32.136808                 btu         Energy                 3.413        3.413E+00
      Watt-hour        3.38976E+11                ergs         Energy           36,000,000,000     3.600E+10
      Watt-hour          25008.896         foot-pounds         Energy                 2,656        2.656E+03
      Watt-hour          8096.3476        gram-calories        Energy                859.85        8.599E+02
      Watt-hour        0.012626856       horsepower-hrs        Energy               0.001341       1.341E-03
      Watt-hour          8.102468      kilogram-calories       Energy                0.8605        8.605E-01
      Watt-hour          3457.5552      kilogram-metres        Energy                 367.2        3.672E+02
      Watt-hour          0.009416          kiloWatt-hrs        Energy                 0.001        1.000E-03
         Weber            941600               kilolines         Emf                 100,000       1.000E+05
         Weber           1016.928             maxwells           Emf                   108         1.080E+02
     weber/sq in        145948000               Gauss            Emf               15,500,000      1.550E+07
     weber/sq in        941600000            lines/sq in         Emf              100,000,000      1.000E+08
     weber/sq in          1.45948         Webers/sq cm           Emf                  0.155        1.550E-01
     weber/sq in          14594.8      Webers/sq metre           Emf                  1,550        1.550E+03
  weber/sq metre           94160                Gauss            Emf                 10,000        1.000E+04
  weber/sq metre         607520.32           lines/sq in         Emf                 64,520        6.452E+04
  weber/sq metre         0.0009416        Webers/sq cm           Emf                 0.0001        1.000E-04
  weber/sq metre       0.006075203        Webers/sq in           Emf               0.0006452       6.452E-04
          yard           860.99904         centimetres         Length                 91.44        9.144E+01
          yard          0.00860999           kilometres        Length              0.0009144       9.144E-04
          yard           8.6099904              metres         Length                0.9144        9.144E-01
          yard         0.004645854         miles (naut)        Length              0.0004934       4.934E-04
          yard         0.005350171          miles (stat)       Length              0.0005682       5.682E-04
          yard           8609.9904          millimetres        Length                 914.4        9.144E+02




                                                                               Page 15
    Universal area calculator
       QUERY                    UNITS                                             ANSWER                            UNITS
                 1             Sq Miles                  equals                  3097600.198                       Sq Yards



                                  Click on green cells then
                                  the drop-down arrow to                                                     GO TO INDEX PAGE
                                  pick choice from list

                                    3.86102E-07                                                                         1.195990123
           2                                                                      3097600.2              Same answer rounded off

                                                                                3097600 1/5              Same answer as a fraction
                 If the answer has too many decimal
                 places, enter a digit here to round
                 off the answer to that many places.




    PRINT a chart using these settings by using FILE / PRINT
     One square                                      One unit = this
     metre = this               Units                many square                    Notes
     many units                                         metres
                                                                         4 roads, 160 sq rods, 4840 sq
Acres.000247105 Acres
    0                                                 4046.856163                     yds
Ares        0.01 Ares                                     100                   100 sq metres                                                      Sq Miles                TO              Sq Yards
Barony
     6.17763E-08 Barony                               16187424.65                 40 hides
                                                                                                                                                         (Rounded off to   2    significant decimal places)
Hectares 0.0001 Hectares                                  10000           100 ares, 10,000 sq metre                                   10   =   30976001.98            60   =    185856011.9               600   =   1858560119
Hide 2.47105E-06 Hide of land
     of land                                          404685.6163                100 acres                                            11   =   34073602.18            61   =    188953612.1               650   =   2013440129
Roods0.000988422 Roods                                1011.714041                40 Sq rods                                           12   =   37171202.38            62   =    192051212.3               700   =   2168320139
Sections
     3.86102E-07 Sections                              2589988.11                 1 sq mile                                           13   =   40268802.58            63   =    195148812.5               750   =   2323200149
            10000 Sq Centimetres
Sq Centimetres                                                 0.0001                                                                 16   =   49561603.17            66   =    204441613.1               900   =   2787840178
Sq Decimetres  100 Sq Decimetres                                  0.01                                                                17   =   52659203.37            67   =    207539213.3               950   =   2942720188
     10.76391111 Sq Feet
Sq Feet                                                 0.092903034                                                                   18   =   55756803.57            68   =    210636813.5              1000   =   3097600198
     1550.003199 Sq Inches
Sq Inches                                                0.00064516                                                                   19   =   58854403.77            69   =    213734413.7              1050   =   3252480208
Sq Kilometres
         0.000001 Sq Kilometres                             1000000      100 hectares, 1,000,000 sq m                                 21   =   65049604.16            71   =    219929614.1              1150   =   3562240228
Sq Metres        1 Sq Metres                                         1                                                                22   =   68147204.36            72   =    223027214.3              1200   =   3717120238
Sq Microns 1E+12 Sq Microns                                     1E-12                                                                 23   =   71244804.56            73   =    226124814.5              1250   =   3872000248
Sq Miles
     3.86102E-07 Sq Miles                                2589988.11               640 acres                                           26   =   80537605.15            76   =    235417615.1              1400   =   4336640278
          1000000 Sq Millimetres
Sq Millimetres                                              0.000001                                                                  27   =   83635205.35            77   =    238515215.3              1450   =   4491520287
     2.91182E-07 Sq Nautical miles(admiralty)
Sq Nautical miles(admiralty)                            3434276.112                                                                   28   =   86732805.55            78   =    241612815.5              1500   =   4646400297
     2.91555E-07 Sq Nautical
Sq Nautical miles(international) miles(international)   3429889.925                                                                   29   =   89830405.75            79   =    244710415.7              1550   =   4801280307
     0.039536864 Sq Rods
Sq Rods / Poles / Perches / Poles / Perches             25.29285102                                                                   30   =   92928005.95            80   =    247808015.9              1600   =   4956160317
     1.195990123 Sq Yards
Sq Yards                                                0.836127306                                                                   31   =   96025606.15            81   =    250905616.1              1650   =   5111040327
Yard 8.23685E-06 Yard of land
     of land                                            121405.6849                30 acres                                           32   =   99123206.34            82   =    254003216.3              1700   =   5265920337
                                                                                                                                      33   =   102220806.5            83   =    257100816.5              1750   =   5420800347
                                                                                                                                      34   =   105318406.7            84   =    260198416.7              1800   =   5575680357
                                                                                                                                      35   =   108416006.9            85   =    263296016.9              1850   =   5730560367
                                                                                                                                      36   =   111513607.1            86   =    266393617.1              1900   =   5885440377
                                                                                                                                      37   =   114611207.3            87   =    269491217.3              1950   =   6040320387
                                                                                                                                      38   =   117708807.5            88   =    272588817.5              2000   =   6195200396
                                                                                                                                      39   =   120806407.7            89   =    275686417.6              2050   =   6350080406
                                                                                                                                      40   =   123904007.9            90   =    278784017.8              2100   =   6504960416
                                                                                                                                      41   =   127001608.1            91   =    281881618                2150   =   6659840426
                                                                                                                                      42   =   130099208.3            92   =    284979218.2              2200   =   6814720436
                                                                                                                                      43   =   133196808.5            93   =    288076818.4              2250   =   6969600446
                                                                                                                                      44   =   136294408.7            94   =    291174418.6              2300   =   7124480456
                                                                                                                                      45   =   139392008.9            95   =    294272018.8              2350   =   7279360466
                                                                                                                                      46   =   142489609.1            96   =    297369619                2400   =   7434240476
                                                                                                                                      47   =   145587209.3            97   =    300467219.2              2450   =   7589120486
                                                                                                                                      48   =   148684809.5            98   =    303564819.4              2500   =   7744000496
                                                                                                                                      49   =   151782409.7            99   =    306662419.6              2550   =   7898880506
                                                                                                                                      50   =   154880009.9           100   =    309760019.8              2600   =   8053760515
Feet & inches      Feet     Metres
     3' 3 3/8      3.281    1.000
                                              3 CALCULATORS
     3' 3 3/8      3.281    1.000    Just pick the row with the item you
                                             know in a white cell
   19' 8 1/4       19.685   6.000




                                     GO TO INDEX PAGE




          PRINT the chart below by using FILE / PRINT
Feet &    inches   Feet     Metres       Feet &    inches    Feet    Metres
     1'   0''      1.000    0.305             6'   1''      6.083    1.854
     1'   1''      1.083    0.330             6'   2''      6.167    1.880
     1'   2''      1.167    0.356             6'   3''      6.250    1.905
     1'   3''      1.250    0.381             6'   4''      6.333    1.930
     1'   4''      1.333    0.406             6'   5''      6.417    1.956
     1'   5''      1.417    0.432             6'   6''      6.500    1.981
     1'   6''      1.500    0.457             6'   7''      6.583    2.007
     1'   7''      1.583    0.483             6'   8''      6.667    2.032
     1'   8''      1.667    0.508             6'   9''      6.750    2.057
     1'   9''      1.750    0.533             6'   10''     6.833    2.083
     1'   10''     1.833    0.559             6'   11''     6.917    2.108
     1'   11''     1.917    0.584             7'   0''      7.000    2.134
     2'   0''      2.000    0.610             7'   3''      7.250    2.210
     2'   1''      2.083    0.635             7'   6''      7.500    2.286
     2'   2''      2.167    0.660             7'   9''      7.750    2.362
     2'   3''      2.250    0.686             8'   0''      8.000    2.438
     2'   4''      2.333    0.711             8'   3''      8.250    2.515
     2'   5''      2.417    0.737             8'   6''      8.500    2.591
     2'   6''      2.500    0.762             8'   9''      8.750    2.667
     2'   7''      2.583    0.787             9'   0''      9.000    2.743
     2'   8''      2.667    0.813             9'   3''      9.250    2.819
     2'   9''      2.750    0.838             9'   6''      9.500    2.896
     2'   10''     2.833    0.864             9'   9''      9.750    2.972
     2'   11''     2.917    0.889           10'    0''      10.000   3.048
     3'   0''      3.000    0.914           10'    3''      10.250   3.124
     3'   1''      3.083    0.940           10'    6''      10.500   3.200
     3'   2''      3.167    0.965           10'    9''      10.750   3.277
     3'   3''      3.250    0.991           11'    0''      11.000   3.353
     3'   4''      3.333    1.016           11'    3''      11.250   3.429
     3'   5''      3.417    1.041           11'    6''      11.500   3.505
     3'   6''      3.500    1.067           11'    9''      11.750   3.581
     3'   7''      3.583    1.092           12'    0''      12.000   3.658
     3'   8''      3.667    1.118           12'    3''      12.250   3.734
     3'   9''      3.750    1.143           12'    6''      12.500   3.810
     3'   10''     3.833    1.168           12'    9''      12.750   3.886
     3'   11''     3.917    1.194           13'    0''      13.000   3.962
     4'   0''      4.000    1.219           13'    3''      13.250   4.039
     4'   1''      4.083    1.245           13'    6''      13.500   4.115
     4'   2''      4.167    1.270           13'    9''      13.750   4.191
     4'   3''      4.250    1.295           14'    0''      14.000   4.267
     4'   4''      4.333    1.321           14'    3''      14.250   4.343
     4'   5''      4.417    1.346           14'    6''      14.500   4.420
     4'   6''      4.500    1.372           14'    9''      14.750   4.496
     4'   7''      4.583    1.397           15'    0''      15.000   4.572
     4'   8''      4.667    1.422           16'    0''      16.000   4.877
     4'   9''      4.750    1.448           17'    0''      17.000   5.182
     4'   10''     4.833    1.473           18'    0''      18.000   5.486
     4'   11''     4.917    1.499           19'    0''      19.000   5.791
     5'   0''      5.000    1.524           20'    0''      20.000   6.096
     5'   1''      5.083    1.549           21'    0''      21.000   6.401
     5'   2''      5.167    1.575           22'    0''      22.000   6.706
     5'   3''      5.250    1.600           23'    0''      23.000   7.010
     5'   4''      5.333    1.626           24'    0''      24.000   7.315
     5'   5''      5.417    1.651           25'    0''      25.000   7.620
     5'   6''      5.500    1.676           26'    0''      26.000   7.925
     5'   7''      5.583    1.702           27'    0''      27.000   8.230
     5'   8''      5.667    1.727           28'    0''      28.000   8.534
     5'   9''      5.750    1.753           29'    0''      29.000   8.839
     5'   10''     5.833    1.778           30'    0''      30.000   9.144
     5'   11''     5.917    1.803
     6'   0''      6.000    1.829
INCHES                                                                      GO TO INDEX PAGE

Inches (64ths)   Inches (100ths)    mm
   5 3/16             5.19         131.8
                                                              3 CALCULATORS
   6                  6.00         152.4
                                           Just pick the row with the item you know in a white cell
   3 57/64            3.90         99.0




PRINT the chart below by using FILE / PRINT
Inches (64ths)   Inches (100ths)   mm                 Inches (64ths)   Inches (100ths)   mm
     1/64             0.02          0.4                  1 1/64             1.02         25.8
     1/32             0.03          0.8                  1 1/32             1.03         26.2
     3/64             0.05          1.2                  1 3/64             1.05         26.6
     1/16             0.06          1.6                  1 1/16             1.06         27.0
     5/64             0.08          2.0                  1 5/64             1.08         27.4
     3/32             0.09          2.4                  1 3/32             1.09         27.8
     7/64             0.11          2.8                  1 7/64             1.11         28.2
     1/8              0.13          3.2                  1 1/8              1.13         28.6
     9/64             0.14          3.6                  1 9/64             1.14         29.0
     5/32             0.16          4.0                  1 5/32             1.16         29.4
    11/64             0.17          4.4                  1 11/64            1.17         29.8
     3/16             0.19          4.8                  1 3/16             1.19         30.2
    13/64             0.20          5.2                  1 13/64            1.20         30.6
     7/32             0.22          5.6                  1 7/32             1.22         31.0
    15/64             0.23          6.0                  1 15/64            1.23         31.4
     1/4              0.25          6.4                  1 1/4              1.25         31.8
    17/64             0.27          6.7                  1 17/64            1.27         32.1
     9/32             0.28          7.1                  1 9/32             1.28         32.5
    19/64             0.30          7.5                  1 19/64            1.30         32.9
     5/16             0.31          7.9                  1 5/16             1.31         33.3
    21/64             0.33          8.3                  1 21/64            1.33         33.7
    11/32             0.34          8.7                  1 11/32            1.34         34.1
    23/64             0.36          9.1                  1 23/64            1.36         34.5
     3/8              0.38          9.5                  1 3/8              1.38         34.9
    25/64             0.39          9.9                  1 25/64            1.39         35.3
    13/32             0.41         10.3                  1 13/32            1.41         35.7
    27/64             0.42         10.7                  1 27/64            1.42         36.1
     7/16             0.44         11.1                  1 7/16             1.44         36.5
    29/64             0.45         11.5                  1 29/64            1.45         36.9
    15/32             0.47         11.9                  1 15/32            1.47         37.3
    31/64             0.48         12.3                  1 31/64            1.48         37.7
     1/2              0.50         12.7                  1 1/2              1.50         38.1
    33/64             0.52         13.1                  1 33/64            1.52         38.5
    17/32             0.53         13.5                  1 17/32            1.53         38.9
    35/64             0.55         13.9                  1 35/64            1.55         39.3
     9/16             0.56         14.3                  1 9/16             1.56         39.7
    37/64             0.58         14.7                  1 37/64            1.58         40.1
    19/32             0.59         15.1                  1 19/32            1.59         40.5
    39/64             0.61         15.5                  1 39/64            1.61         40.9
     5/8              0.63         15.9                  1 5/8              1.63         41.3
    41/64             0.64         16.3                  1 41/64            1.64         41.7
    21/32             0.66         16.7                  1 21/32            1.66         42.1
    43/64             0.67         17.1                  1 43/64            1.67         42.5
    11/16             0.69         17.5                  1 11/16            1.69         42.9
    45/64             0.70         17.9                  1 45/64            1.70         43.3
    23/32             0.72         18.3                  1 23/32            1.72         43.7
    47/64             0.73         18.7                  1 47/64            1.73         44.1
     3/4              0.75         19.1                  1 3/4              1.75         44.5
    49/64             0.77         19.4                  1 49/64            1.77         44.8
    25/32             0.78         19.8                  1 25/32            1.78         45.2
    51/64             0.80         20.2                  1 51/64            1.80         45.6
    13/16             0.81         20.6                  1 13/16            1.81         46.0
    53/64             0.83         21.0                  1 53/64            1.83         46.4
    27/32             0.84         21.4                  1 27/32            1.84         46.8
    55/64             0.86         21.8                  1 55/64            1.86         47.2
     7/8              0.88         22.2                  1 7/8              1.88         47.6
    57/64             0.89         22.6                  1 57/64            1.89         48.0
    29/32             0.91         23.0                  1 29/32            1.91         48.4
    59/64             0.92         23.4                  1 59/64            1.92         48.8
    15/16             0.94         23.8                  1 15/16            1.94         49.2
    61/64             0.95         24.2                  1 61/64            1.95         49.6
    31/32             0.97         24.6                  1 31/32            1.97         50.0
    63/64             0.98         25.0                  1 63/64            1.98         50.4
   1                  1.00         25.4                  2                  2.00         50.8
    Universal length calculator
       QUERY                      UNITS                                      ANSWER
           1                       Feet                 equals                304.8

       Enter your known number here. You can
       do so in whole numbers eg 39, decimals, eg                      Click on green cells then the
       27.56, or even fractions - just leave a space                   drop-down arrow to pick your
       between the whole number and the fraction                       choice of units from list
       eg 45 13/64
                                    3.280839895
          2                                                                    304.8

                                              (Answer as a fraction)         304 4/5

          If the answer has too many decimal
          places, enter a digit here to round off
          the answer to that many places.


    PRINT a chart using these settings by using FILE / PRINT
     One metre =
                                                    One unit = this
      this many               Units                                            Notes
                                                    many metres
         units
    10000000000 Angstrom units
Angstrom units                                          1E-10
Barleycorns
        118.11024 Barleycorns                         0.008466666         1/3rd inch
Cables
     0.004556722 Cables                                219.456     120 fathoms, 720 feet
Centimetres 100 Centimetres                              0.01
Chains (engineers)Chains (engineers)
     0.032808399                                        30.48               100 feet
Chains (surveyors) Chains (surveyors)
     0.049709697                                    20.11679936    66 feet Gunter's chain
Cubits
     2.187226667 Cubits                             0.457199985            18 inches
Decimetres     10 Decimetres                              0.1
Fathoms
     0.546806649 Fathoms                               1.8288                 6 feet
Feet 3.280839895 Feet                                  0.3048
Furlongs
      0.00497097 Furlongs                              201.168        40 rods, 660 feet
                                                                    for horse's height. 4
Hands     9.84252   Hands                              0.1016                inches
     39.37007874
Inches              Inches                             0.0254
Kilometres 0.001    Kilometres                          1000
Leagues
     0.000207124    Leagues                           4828.032               3 miles
         1.06E-16
Light years         Light years                       9.46E+15
Lines 511.81104     Lines                           0.001953846           1/13th inch
                                                                     1/100th surveyor's
Links4.970969697 Links                              0.201167994               chain
Metres         1 Metres                                    1
Microns 1000000 Microns                               0.000001
                                                                  1760 yards, 5280 feet, 8
Miles0.000621371 Miles                                1609.344              furlongs
Military paces
          1.312336 Military paces                   0.761999976             2.5 feet
Millimetres 1000 Millimetres                            0.001
Nautical miles(admiralty) miles(admiralty)
      0.000539613 Nautical                             1853.18             6080 feet
Nautical miles(international)miles(international)
      0.000539958 Nautical                           1851.9962             6076 feet
Parsecs 3.24E-17 Parsecs                              3.09E+16
                                                                    for lettering font size
Points2834.64576 Points                             0.000352778           1/72th inch
Rods0.198838782 Rods / Poles / Perches
      / Poles / Perches                                5.0292              16.5 feet
Yards1.093613298 Yards                                 0.9144                 3 feet
                               UNITS
                              Millimetres



ck on green cells then the
   down arrow to pick your
oice of units from list

                                            1000
                      Same answer but rounded off

                     Same answer as a fraction




                         GO TO INDEX PAGE
sing FILE / PRINT
               Feet                     TO              Millimetres
                      (Rounded off to   2    significant decimal places)
 1   =   304.8                     51   =    15544.8
 2   =   609.6                     52   =    15849.6
 3   =   914.4                     53   =    16154.4
 4   =   1219.2                    54   =    16459.2
 5   =   1524                      55   =    16764
 6   =   1828.8                    56   =    17068.8
 7   =   2133.6                    57   =    17373.6
 8   =   2438.4                    58   =    17678.4
 9   =   2743.2                    59   =    17983.2
10   =   3048                      60   =    18288
11   =   3352.8                    61   =    18592.8
12   =   3657.6                    62   =    18897.6
13   =   3962.4                    63   =    19202.4
14   =   4267.2                    64   =    19507.2
15   =   4572                      65   =    19812
16   =   4876.8                    66   =    20116.8
17   =   5181.6                    67   =    20421.6
18   =   5486.4                    68   =    20726.4
19   =   5791.2                    69   =    21031.2
20   =   6096                      70   =    21336
21   =   6400.8                    71   =    21640.8
22   =   6705.6                    72   =    21945.6
23   =   7010.4                    73   =    22250.4
24   =   7315.2                    74   =    22555.2
25   =   7620                      75   =    22860
26   =   7924.8                    76   =    23164.8
27   =   8229.6                    77   =    23469.6
28   =   8534.4                    78   =    23774.4
29   =   8839.2                    79   =    24079.2
30   =   9144                      80   =    24384
31   =   9448.8                    81   =    24688.8
32   =   9753.6                    82   =    24993.6
33   =   10058.4                   83   =    25298.4
34   =   10363.2                   84   =    25603.2
35   =   10668                     85   =    25908
36   =   10972.8                   86   =    26212.8
37   =   11277.6                   87   =    26517.6
38   =   11582.4                   88   =    26822.4
39   =   11887.2                   89   =    27127.2
40   =   12192      90   =   27432
41   =   12496.8    91   =   27736.8
42   =   12801.6    92   =   28041.6
43   =   13106.4    93   =   28346.4
44   =   13411.2    94   =   28651.2
45   =   13716      95   =   28956
46   =   14020.8    96   =   29260.8
47   =   14325.6    97   =   29565.6
48   =   14630.4    98   =   29870.4
49   =   14935.2    99   =   30175.2
50   =   15240     100   =   30480
        Millimetres
nificant decimal places)
                            150   =   45720
                            200   =   60960
                            250   =   76200
                            300   =   91440
                            350   =   106680
                            400   =   121920
                            450   =   137160
                            500   =   152400
                            550   =   167640
                            600   =   182880
                            650   =   198120
                            700   =   213360
                            750   =   228600
                            800   =   243840
                            850   =   259080
                            900   =   274320
                            950   =   289560
                           1000   =   304800
                           1050   =   320040
                           1100   =   335280
                           1150   =   350520
                           1200   =   365760
                           1250   =   381000
                           1300   =   396240
                           1350   =   411480
                           1400   =   426720
                           1450   =   441960
                           1500   =   457200
                           1550   =   472440
                           1600   =   487680
                           1650   =   502920
                           1700   =   518160
                           1750   =   533400
                           1800   =   548640
                           1850   =   563880
                           1900   =   579120
                           1950   =   594360
                           2000   =   609600
                           2050   =   624840
2100   =   640080
2150   =   655320
2200   =   670560
2250   =   685800
2300   =   701040
2350   =   716280
2400   =   731520
2450   =   746760
2500   =   762000
2550   =   777240
2600   =   792480
Temperatures                                             Round off answers to           1
  Query      Scale                                 Answer               Scale
   1        Celsius           EQUALS                33.8             Fahrenheit
                      1

                          Also known as                     Notes                       C
                                               Pure water freezing at zero and
   C      Celsius         Centigrade                                                    1
                                                       boiling at 100
                                             To avoid having negative values for
   F      Fahrenheit                         normal weather, pure water freezing -17.2222
                                                  at 32 and boiling at 212
                                             Zero being the coldest scientifically
                          Degrees Absolute   possible in the universe, with each
   K      Kelvin                                                                     -272.16
                          Celsius             degree the same size as Celsius
                                                           degrees

                          Degrees Absolute
          Rankine                             Starts at equivalent of -459.69 F      -272.606
                          Fahrenheit

                                               Pure water freezing at zero and
   R      Reamur                                                                       1.25
                                                        boiling at 80
decimal places



GO TO INDEX PAGE



         A

         1


       33.8



      274.16



      493.49


        0.8
   Universal weight calculator
      QUERY                    UNITS                                            ANSWER
                 1         Carat (Diamond)               equals                 207.35648


       Click on green cells then
       the drop-down arrow to pick
       choice from list

                                        4.82261273
          3                                                                      207.356

                                                                                207 5/14
              If the answer has too many decimal
              places, enter a digit here to round off the
              answer to that many places.

   PRINT a chart using these settings by using FILE / PRINT
    One gram =
                                                     One unit = this
     this many                  Units                                             Notes
                                                      many grams
        units
                                                                        4 diamond grains / 3.2 troy
      4.82261273
Carat (Diamond)      Carat (Diamond)                     0.20735648                grains.
     0.257206277
Drachm (Dr)          Drachm (Dr)                        3.88793                 2.19 drams
      (dr)
Dram0.564381861      Dram (dr)                          1.77185                27.34 grains
      Troy (dwt)
Dram0.643015031      Dram Troy (dwt)                   1.5551736        24 grains / 0.877 drams av.
                                                                        16 diamond parts / 0.8 troy
       (Diamond)
Grain19.29045092 Grain (Diamond)                     0.05183912                     grain
       (gr)
Grain15.43236073 Grain (gr)                           0.0647989
Gram (g)         1 Gram (g)                               1
      1.96841E-05 Hundredweight (cwt)
Hundredweight (cwt)                                  50802.34544           112 pounds / 8 stone
      2.20462E-05 Hundredweight (short / US)
Hundredweight (short / US)                            45359.237                100 pounds
            0
Kilogram (kg) .001 Kilogram (kg)                         1000                  1000 grams
             1
Milligram (mg) 000 Milligram (mg)                       0.001
      0.035273962 Ounce (oz)
Ounce (oz)                                           28.34952313                  16 drams
                                                                       20 troy drams / 1.0971 ounces
      0.032150723 Ounce Troy
Ounce Troy                                             31.1035                       av.
      308.6472147 Part (Diamond)
Part (Diamond)                                       0.003239945
      0.002204623 Pound (lb)
Pound (lb)                                            453.59237          16 ounces, 5760 grains
                                                                       0.8228 avoirdupois pounds /
     0.002679229
Pound Troy           Pound Troy                      373.2417216       12 troy ounces / 7000 grains
     7.87365E-05
Quarter              Quarter                         12700.58636            28 pounds / 2 stone
Quintal 0.00001      Quintal                           100000           Long hundredweight 100kg
     0.771618037
Scruple (Scr)        Scruple (Scr)                    1.295978          20 troy grains / 0.73 drams
                                                                       the mass that will accelerate
                                                                       by 1 foot per second under a
Slug 6.85218E-05     Slug                              14593.9                force of 1 pound
     0.000157473
Stones               Stones                          6350.29318                  14 pounds
        0.000001
Tonne (metric)       Tonne (metric)                    1000000                    1000 kg
     9.84207E-07
Ton (Imperial)       Ton (Imperial)                  1016046.909       20 cwt, 2240 lb, a "long" ton
     1.10231E-06
Ton (short / US)     Ton (short / US)                 907184.74                 2000 pounds

   METRIC: Tonne / Kilogram / Gram
   AVOIRDUPOIS: Ton, Hundredweight, Quarter, Stone, Pound, Ounce, Dram, Grain
TROY: Pound, Ounce, Dwt, Grain
APOTHECARIES': Pound, Ounce, Drachm, Scruple, Grain
DIAMOND: Carat, Grain, Part
                        UNITS
                   Milligram (mg)



                 GO TO INDEX PAGE


                                   1000
            Same answer rounded off

            Same answer as a fraction




g FILE / PRINT



            Some systems render a carat as 200 milligrams
     Carat (Diamond)                  TO               Milligram (mg)

                    (Rounded off to   3    significant decimal places)


1    =   207.356                 51   =    10575.18               150
2    =   414.713                 52   =    10782.537              200
3    =   622.069                 53   =    10989.893              250
4    =   829.426                 54   =    11197.25               300

 5   =   1036.782                55   =    11404.606              350
 6   =   1244.139                56   =    11611.963              400
 7   =   1451.495                57   =    11819.319              450
 8   =   1658.852                58   =    12026.676              500
 9   =   1866.208                59   =    12234.032              550
10   =   2073.565                60   =    12441.389              600
11   =   2280.921                61   =    12648.745              650
12   =   2488.278                62   =    12856.102              700

13   =   2695.634                63 = 13063.458                   750
14   =   2902.991                64 = 13270.815                   800
15   =   3110.347                65 = 13478.171                   850

16   =   3317.704                66   =    13685.528              900
17   =   3525.06                 67   =    13892.884              950
18   =   3732.417                68   =    14100.241             1000
19   =   3939.773                69   =    14307.597             1050


20   =   4147.13                 70   =    14514.954             1100
21   =   4354.486                71   =    14722.31              1150
22   =   4561.843                72   =    14929.667             1200
28   =   5805.981                78   =    16173.805             1500
29   =   6013.338                79   =    16381.162             1550
30   =   6220.694                80   =    16588.518             1600
31   =   6428.051                81   =    16795.875             1650
32   =   6635.407                82   =    17003.231             1700
33   =   6842.764     83   =   17210.588   1750
34   =   7050.12      84   =   17417.944   1800
35   =   7257.477     85   =   17625.301   1850
36   =   7464.833     86   =   17832.657   1900
37   =   7672.19      87   =   18040.014   1950
38   =   7879.546     88   =   18247.37    2000
39   =   8086.903     89   =   18454.727   2050
40   =   8294.259     90   =   18662.083   2100
41   =   8501.616     91   =   18869.44    2150
42   =   8708.972     92   =   19076.796   2200
43   =   8916.329     93   =   19284.153   2250
44   =   9123.685     94   =   19491.509   2300
45   =   9331.042     95   =   19698.866   2350
46   =   9538.398     96   =   19906.222   2400
47   =   9745.755     97   =   20113.579   2450
48   =   9953.111     98   =   20320.935   2500
49   =   10160.468    99   =   20528.292   2550
50   =   10367.824   100   =   20735.648   2600
Milligram (mg)




                 =   31103.47
                 =   41471.3
                 =   51839.12
                 =   62206.94

                 =   72574.77
                 =   82942.59
                 =   93310.42
                 =   103678.2
                 =   114046.1
                 =   124413.9
                 =   134781.7
                 =   145149.5

                 =   155517.4
                 =   165885.2
                 =   176253

                 =   186620.8
                 =   196988.7
                 =   207356.5
                 =   217724.3


                 =   228092.1
                 =   238460
                 =   248827.8
                 =   311034.7
                 =   321402.5
                 =   331770.4
                 =   342138.2
                 =   352506
=   362873.8
=   373241.7
=   383609.5
=   393977.3
=   404345.1
=   414713
=   425080.8
=   435448.6
=   445816.4
=   456184.3
=   466552.1
=   476919.9
=   487287.7
=   497655.6
=   508023.4
=   518391.2
=   528759
=   539126.8
Imperial to metric weights
 QUERY                                                                    ANSWER
          0   Tons                               equals                    65.091               Kilogram (kg)
          0   Hundredweights
         10   Stones
          3   Pounds                                                                                GO TO INDEX PAGE
          8   Ounces
                                    If the answer has too many decimal
                                    places, enter a digit here to round off the
                                    answer to that many places.
                                                                                                                3

Metric to imperial weights
 QUERY                                                                    ANSWER
           1 Tonnes                            1,016,047                      1                 Tons
        600 Kilograms                           558,826                      11                 Hundredweights
         10 Grams                                19,051                       3                 Stones
 1,600,010                                        5,897                      13                 Pounds
                                                                           6.692                Ounces


One gram =
                                            One unit = this
 this many               Units                                              Notes
                                             many grams
    units
9.84207E-07   Ton (Imperial)                 1016046.909        20 cwt, 2240 lb, a "long" ton
1.96841E-05   Hundredweight (cwt)            50802.34544           112 pounds / 8 stone
0.000157473   Stones                          6350.29318                 14 pounds
0.002204623   Pound (lb)                      453.59237           16 ounces, 5760 grains
0.035273962   Ounce (oz)                     28.34952313                 16 drams
      CONVERSIONS
Pounds    1.37 Euros        GO TO INDEX PAGE
  £32.85   45     61.65 €
   £0.18  0.25     0.34 €
   £0.36   0.5     0.69 €
   £0.55  0.75     1.03 €
   £0.73    1      1.37 €
   £1.46    2      2.74 €
   £2.19    3      4.11 €
   £2.92    4      5.48 €
   £3.65    5      6.85 €
   £4.38    6      8.22 €
   £5.11    7      9.59 €
   £5.84    8     10.96 €
   £6.57    9     12.33 €
   £7.30   10     13.70 €
   £8.03   11     15.07 €
   £8.76   12     16.44 €
   £9.49   13     17.81 €
  £10.22   14     19.18 €
  £10.95   15     20.55 €
  £11.68   16     21.92 €
  £12.41   17     23.29 €
  £13.14   18     24.66 €
  £13.87   19     26.03 €
  £14.60   20     27.40 €
  £18.25   25     34.25 €
  £21.90   30     41.10 €
  £25.55   35     47.95 €
  £29.20   40     54.80 €
  £32.85   45     61.65 €
  £36.50   50     68.50 €
  £40.15   55     75.35 €
  £43.80   60     82.20 €
  £47.45   65     89.05 €
  £51.09   70     95.90 €
  £54.74   75   102.75 €
  £58.39   80   109.60 €
  £62.04   85   116.45 €
  £65.69   90   123.30 €
  £69.34   95   130.15 €
  £72.99  100   137.00 €
                                                          GO TO INDEX PAGE

Trigonometry functions
 You can probably ignore this page as it has no practical applications. But I needed to make it to try to understand things.
                4       Round off answers to this many decimal places

             Angle in       Angle in
                                             Sine         Cosine        Tangent
             degrees        radians
               45           0.78540         0.7071         0.7071           1
             Angle in       Angle in
                                             Sine         Cosine        Tangent
             degrees        radians
                0           0.00000            0              1             0
                1           0.01745         0.0175         0.9998        0.0175
                2           0.03491         0.0349         0.9994        0.0349
                3           0.05236         0.0523         0.9986        0.0524
                4           0.06981         0.0698         0.9976        0.0699
                5           0.08727         0.0872         0.9962        0.0875
                6           0.10472         0.1045         0.9945        0.1051
                7           0.12217         0.1219         0.9925        0.1228
                8           0.13963         0.1392         0.9903        0.1405
                9           0.15708         0.1564         0.9877        0.1584
               10           0.17453         0.1736         0.9848        0.1763
               11           0.19199         0.1908         0.9816        0.1944
               12           0.20944         0.2079         0.9781        0.2126
               13           0.22689         0.225          0.9744        0.2309
               14           0.24435         0.2419         0.9703        0.2493
               15           0.26180         0.2588         0.9659        0.2679
               16           0.27925         0.2756         0.9613        0.2867
               17           0.29671         0.2924         0.9563        0.3057
               18           0.31416         0.309          0.9511        0.3249
               19           0.33161         0.3256         0.9455        0.3443
               20           0.34907         0.342          0.9397        0.364
               21           0.36652         0.3584         0.9336        0.3839
               22           0.38397         0.3746         0.9272        0.404
               23           0.40143         0.3907         0.9205        0.4245
               24           0.41888         0.4067         0.9135        0.4452
               25           0.43633         0.4226         0.9063        0.4663
               26           0.45379         0.4384         0.8988        0.4877
               27           0.47124         0.454          0.891         0.5095
               28           0.48869         0.4695         0.8829        0.5317
               29           0.50615         0.4848         0.8746        0.5543
               30           0.52360           0.5          0.866         0.5774
               31           0.54105         0.515          0.8572        0.6009
               32           0.55851         0.5299         0.848         0.6249
               33           0.57596         0.5446         0.8387        0.6494
               34           0.59341         0.5592         0.829         0.6745
               35           0.61087         0.5736         0.8192        0.7002
               36           0.62832         0.5878         0.809         0.7265
               37           0.64577         0.6018         0.7986        0.7536
               38           0.66323         0.6157         0.788         0.7813
               39           0.68068         0.6293         0.7771        0.8098
               40           0.69813         0.6428         0.766         0.8391
               41           0.71558         0.6561         0.7547        0.8693
               42           0.73304         0.6691         0.7431        0.9004
               43           0.75049         0.682          0.7314        0.9325
               44           0.76794         0.6947         0.7193        0.9657
               45           0.78540         0.7071         0.7071           1
               46           0.80285         0.7193         0.6947        1.0355
               47           0.82030         0.7314         0.682         1.0724
               48           0.83776         0.7431         0.6691        1.1106
               49           0.85521         0.7547         0.6561        1.1504
               50           0.87266         0.766          0.6428        1.1918
               51           0.89012         0.7771         0.6293        1.2349
               52           0.90757         0.788          0.6157        1.2799
               53           0.92502         0.7986         0.6018        1.327
               54           0.94248         0.809          0.5878        1.3764
               55           0.95993         0.8192         0.5736        1.4281
               56           0.97738         0.829          0.5592        1.4826
               57           0.99484         0.8387         0.5446        1.5399
               58           1.01229         0.848          0.5299        1.6003
               59           1.02974         0.8572         0.515         1.6643
               60           1.04720         0.866            0.5         1.7321
               61           1.06465         0.8746         0.4848        1.804
               62           1.08210         0.8829         0.4695        1.8807
               63           1.09956         0.891          0.454         1.9626
               64           1.11701         0.8988         0.4384        2.0503
               65           1.13446         0.9063         0.4226        2.1445
               66           1.15192         0.9135         0.4067        2.246
               67           1.16937         0.9205         0.3907        2.3559
               68           1.18682         0.9272         0.3746        2.4751
               69           1.20428         0.9336         0.3584        2.6051
               70           1.22173         0.9397         0.342         2.7475
               71           1.23918         0.9455         0.3256        2.9042
               72           1.25664         0.9511         0.309         3.0777
               73           1.27409         0.9563         0.2924        3.2709
               74           1.29154         0.9613         0.2756        3.4874
               75           1.30900         0.9659         0.2588        3.7321
               76           1.32645         0.9703         0.2419        4.0108
               77           1.34390         0.9744         0.225         4.3315
               78           1.36136         0.9781         0.2079        4.7046
               79           1.37881         0.9816         0.1908        5.1446
               80           1.39626         0.9848         0.1736        5.6713
               81           1.41372         0.9877         0.1564        6.3138
               82           1.43117         0.9903         0.1392        7.1154
               83           1.44862         0.9925         0.1219        8.1443
               84           1.46608         0.9945         0.1045        9.5144
Angle in   Angle in
                      Sine     Cosine    Tangent
degrees    radians
  85       1.48353    0.9962    0.0872    11.4301
  86       1.50098    0.9976    0.0698    14.3007
  87       1.51844    0.9986    0.0523    19.0811
  88       1.53589    0.9994    0.0349    28.6363
  89       1.55334    0.9998    0.0175      57.29
  90       1.57080       1         0       Infinity
  91       1.58825    0.9998   -0.0175     -57.29
  92       1.60570    0.9994   -0.0349   -28.6363
  93       1.62316    0.9986   -0.0523   -19.0811
  94       1.64061    0.9976   -0.0698   -14.3007
  95       1.65806    0.9962   -0.0872   -11.4301
  96       1.67552    0.9945   -0.1045    -9.5144
  97       1.69297    0.9925   -0.1219    -8.1443
  98       1.71042    0.9903   -0.1392    -7.1154
  99       1.72788    0.9877   -0.1564    -6.3138
  100      1.74533    0.9848   -0.1736    -5.6713
  101      1.76278    0.9816   -0.1908    -5.1446
  102      1.78024    0.9781   -0.2079    -4.7046
  103      1.79769    0.9744    -0.225    -4.3315
  104      1.81514    0.9703   -0.2419    -4.0108
  105      1.83260    0.9659   -0.2588    -3.7321
  106      1.85005    0.9613   -0.2756    -3.4874
  107      1.86750    0.9563   -0.2924    -3.2709
  108      1.88496    0.9511    -0.309    -3.0777
  109      1.90241    0.9455   -0.3256    -2.9042
  110      1.91986    0.9397    -0.342    -2.7475
  111      1.93732    0.9336   -0.3584    -2.6051
  112      1.95477    0.9272   -0.3746    -2.4751
  113      1.97222    0.9205   -0.3907    -2.3559
  114      1.98968    0.9135   -0.4067     -2.246
  115      2.00713    0.9063   -0.4226    -2.1445
  116      2.02458    0.8988   -0.4384    -2.0503
  117      2.04204    0.891     -0.454    -1.9626
  118      2.05949    0.8829   -0.4695    -1.8807
  119      2.07694    0.8746   -0.4848     -1.804
  120      2.09440    0.866      -0.5     -1.7321
  121      2.11185    0.8572    -0.515    -1.6643
  122      2.12930    0.848    -0.5299    -1.6003
  123      2.14675    0.8387   -0.5446    -1.5399
  124      2.16421    0.829    -0.5592    -1.4826
  125      2.18166    0.8192   -0.5736    -1.4281
  126      2.19911    0.809    -0.5878    -1.3764
  127      2.21657    0.7986   -0.6018     -1.327
  128      2.23402    0.788    -0.6157    -1.2799
  129      2.25147    0.7771   -0.6293    -1.2349
  130      2.26893    0.766    -0.6428    -1.1918
  131      2.28638    0.7547   -0.6561    -1.1504
  132      2.30383    0.7431   -0.6691    -1.1106
  133      2.32129    0.7314    -0.682    -1.0724
  134      2.33874    0.7193   -0.6947    -1.0355
  135      2.35619    0.7071   -0.7071        -1
  136      2.37365    0.6947   -0.7193    -0.9657
  137      2.39110    0.682    -0.7314    -0.9325
  138      2.40855    0.6691   -0.7431    -0.9004
  139      2.42601    0.6561   -0.7547    -0.8693
  140      2.44346    0.6428    -0.766    -0.8391
  141      2.46091    0.6293   -0.7771    -0.8098
  142      2.47837    0.6157    -0.788    -0.7813
  143      2.49582    0.6018   -0.7986    -0.7536
  144      2.51327    0.5878    -0.809    -0.7265
  145      2.53073    0.5736   -0.8192    -0.7002
  146      2.54818    0.5592    -0.829    -0.6745
  147      2.56563    0.5446   -0.8387    -0.6494
  148      2.58309    0.5299    -0.848    -0.6249
  149      2.60054    0.515    -0.8572    -0.6009
  150      2.61799      0.5     -0.866    -0.5774
  151      2.63545    0.4848   -0.8746    -0.5543
  152      2.65290    0.4695   -0.8829    -0.5317
  153      2.67035    0.454     -0.891    -0.5095
  154      2.68781    0.4384   -0.8988    -0.4877
  155      2.70526    0.4226   -0.9063    -0.4663
  156      2.72271    0.4067   -0.9135    -0.4452
  157      2.74017    0.3907   -0.9205    -0.4245
  158      2.75762    0.3746   -0.9272     -0.404
  159      2.77507    0.3584   -0.9336    -0.3839
  160      2.79253    0.342    -0.9397     -0.364
  161      2.80998    0.3256   -0.9455    -0.3443
  162      2.82743    0.309    -0.9511    -0.3249
  163      2.84489    0.2924   -0.9563    -0.3057
  164      2.86234    0.2756   -0.9613    -0.2867
  165      2.87979    0.2588   -0.9659    -0.2679
  166      2.89725    0.2419   -0.9703    -0.2493
  167      2.91470    0.225    -0.9744    -0.2309
  168      2.93215    0.2079   -0.9781    -0.2126
  169      2.94961    0.1908   -0.9816    -0.1944
  170      2.96706    0.1736   -0.9848    -0.1763
  171      2.98451    0.1564   -0.9877    -0.1584
  172      3.00197    0.1392   -0.9903    -0.1405
  173      3.01942    0.1219   -0.9925    -0.1228
  174      3.03687    0.1045   -0.9945    -0.1051
  175      3.05433    0.0872   -0.9962    -0.0875
  176      3.07178    0.0698   -0.9976    -0.0699
  177      3.08923    0.0523   -0.9986    -0.0524
  178      3.10669    0.0349   -0.9994    -0.0349
Angle in   Angle in
                       Sine     Cosine    Tangent
degrees    radians
  179      3.12414     0.0175   -0.9998    -0.0175
  180      3.14159        0        -1          0
  181      3.15905    -0.0175   -0.9998     0.0175
  182      3.17650    -0.0349   -0.9994     0.0349
  183      3.19395    -0.0523   -0.9986     0.0524
  184      3.21141    -0.0698   -0.9976     0.0699
  185      3.22886    -0.0872   -0.9962     0.0875
  186      3.24631    -0.1045   -0.9945     0.1051
  187      3.26377    -0.1219   -0.9925     0.1228
  188      3.28122    -0.1392   -0.9903     0.1405
  189      3.29867    -0.1564   -0.9877     0.1584
  190      3.31613    -0.1736   -0.9848     0.1763
  191      3.33358    -0.1908   -0.9816     0.1944
  192      3.35103    -0.2079   -0.9781     0.2126
  193      3.36849     -0.225   -0.9744     0.2309
  194      3.38594    -0.2419   -0.9703     0.2493
  195      3.40339    -0.2588   -0.9659     0.2679
  196      3.42085    -0.2756   -0.9613     0.2867
  197      3.43830    -0.2924   -0.9563     0.3057
  198      3.45575     -0.309   -0.9511     0.3249
  199      3.47321    -0.3256   -0.9455     0.3443
  200      3.49066     -0.342   -0.9397      0.364
  201      3.50811    -0.3584   -0.9336     0.3839
  202      3.52557    -0.3746   -0.9272      0.404
  203      3.54302    -0.3907   -0.9205     0.4245
  204      3.56047    -0.4067   -0.9135     0.4452
  205      3.57792    -0.4226   -0.9063     0.4663
  206      3.59538    -0.4384   -0.8988     0.4877
  207      3.61283     -0.454    -0.891     0.5095
  208      3.63028    -0.4695   -0.8829     0.5317
  209      3.64774    -0.4848   -0.8746     0.5543
  210      3.66519      -0.5     -0.866     0.5774
  211      3.68264     -0.515   -0.8572     0.6009
  212      3.70010    -0.5299    -0.848     0.6249
  213      3.71755    -0.5446   -0.8387     0.6494
  214      3.73500    -0.5592    -0.829     0.6745
  215      3.75246    -0.5736   -0.8192     0.7002
  216      3.76991    -0.5878    -0.809     0.7265
  217      3.78736    -0.6018   -0.7986     0.7536
  218      3.80482    -0.6157    -0.788     0.7813
  219      3.82227    -0.6293   -0.7771     0.8098
  220      3.83972    -0.6428    -0.766     0.8391
  221      3.85718    -0.6561   -0.7547     0.8693
  222      3.87463    -0.6691   -0.7431     0.9004
  223      3.89208     -0.682   -0.7314     0.9325
  224      3.90954    -0.6947   -0.7193     0.9657
  225      3.92699    -0.7071   -0.7071        1
  226      3.94444    -0.7193   -0.6947     1.0355
  227      3.96190    -0.7314    -0.682     1.0724
  228      3.97935    -0.7431   -0.6691     1.1106
  229      3.99680    -0.7547   -0.6561     1.1504
  230      4.01426     -0.766   -0.6428     1.1918
  231      4.03171    -0.7771   -0.6293     1.2349
  232      4.04916     -0.788   -0.6157     1.2799
  233      4.06662    -0.7986   -0.6018      1.327
  234      4.08407     -0.809   -0.5878     1.3764
  235      4.10152    -0.8192   -0.5736     1.4281
  236      4.11898     -0.829   -0.5592     1.4826
  237      4.13643    -0.8387   -0.5446     1.5399
  238      4.15388     -0.848   -0.5299     1.6003
  239      4.17134    -0.8572    -0.515     1.6643
  240      4.18879     -0.866     -0.5      1.7321
  241      4.20624    -0.8746   -0.4848      1.804
  242      4.22370    -0.8829   -0.4695     1.8807
  243      4.24115     -0.891    -0.454     1.9626
  244      4.25860    -0.8988   -0.4384     2.0503
  245      4.27606    -0.9063   -0.4226     2.1445
  246      4.29351    -0.9135   -0.4067      2.246
  247      4.31096    -0.9205   -0.3907     2.3559
  248      4.32842    -0.9272   -0.3746     2.4751
  249      4.34587    -0.9336   -0.3584     2.6051
  250      4.36332    -0.9397    -0.342     2.7475
  251      4.38078    -0.9455   -0.3256     2.9042
  252      4.39823    -0.9511    -0.309     3.0777
  253      4.41568    -0.9563   -0.2924     3.2709
  254      4.43314    -0.9613   -0.2756     3.4874
  255      4.45059    -0.9659   -0.2588     3.7321
  256      4.46804    -0.9703   -0.2419     4.0108
  257      4.48550    -0.9744    -0.225     4.3315
  258      4.50295    -0.9781   -0.2079     4.7046
  259      4.52040    -0.9816   -0.1908     5.1446
  260      4.53786    -0.9848   -0.1736     5.6713
  261      4.55531    -0.9877   -0.1564     6.3138
  262      4.57276    -0.9903   -0.1392     7.1154
  263      4.59022    -0.9925   -0.1219     8.1443
  264      4.60767    -0.9945   -0.1045     9.5144
  265      4.62512    -0.9962   -0.0872    11.4301
  266      4.64258    -0.9976   -0.0698    14.3007
  267      4.66003    -0.9986   -0.0523    19.0811
  268      4.67748    -0.9994   -0.0349    28.6363
  269      4.69494    -0.9998   -0.0175      57.29
  270      4.71239       -1         0       infinity
  271      4.72984    -0.9998    0.0175     -57.29
  272      4.74730    -0.9994    0.0349   -28.6363
Angle in   Angle in
                       Sine     Cosine   Tangent
degrees    radians
  273      4.76475    -0.9986   0.0523   -19.0811
  274      4.78220    -0.9976   0.0698   -14.3007
  275      4.79966    -0.9962   0.0872   -11.4301
  276      4.81711    -0.9945   0.1045    -9.5144
  277      4.83456    -0.9925   0.1219    -8.1443
  278      4.85202    -0.9903   0.1392    -7.1154
  279      4.86947    -0.9877   0.1564    -6.3138
  280      4.88692    -0.9848   0.1736    -5.6713
  281      4.90438    -0.9816   0.1908    -5.1446
  282      4.92183    -0.9781   0.2079    -4.7046
  283      4.93928    -0.9744   0.225     -4.3315
  284      4.95674    -0.9703   0.2419    -4.0108
  285      4.97419    -0.9659   0.2588    -3.7321
  286      4.99164    -0.9613   0.2756    -3.4874
  287      5.00909    -0.9563   0.2924    -3.2709
  288      5.02655    -0.9511   0.309     -3.0777
  289      5.04400    -0.9455   0.3256    -2.9042
  290      5.06145    -0.9397   0.342     -2.7475
  291      5.07891    -0.9336   0.3584    -2.6051
  292      5.09636    -0.9272   0.3746    -2.4751
  293      5.11381    -0.9205   0.3907    -2.3559
  294      5.13127    -0.9135   0.4067     -2.246
  295      5.14872    -0.9063   0.4226    -2.1445
  296      5.16617    -0.8988   0.4384    -2.0503
  297      5.18363     -0.891   0.454     -1.9626
  298      5.20108    -0.8829   0.4695    -1.8807
  299      5.21853    -0.8746   0.4848     -1.804
  300      5.23599     -0.866     0.5     -1.7321
  301      5.25344    -0.8572   0.515     -1.6643
  302      5.27089     -0.848   0.5299    -1.6003
  303      5.28835    -0.8387   0.5446    -1.5399
  304      5.30580     -0.829   0.5592    -1.4826
  305      5.32325    -0.8192   0.5736    -1.4281
  306      5.34071     -0.809   0.5878    -1.3764
  307      5.35816    -0.7986   0.6018     -1.327
  308      5.37561     -0.788   0.6157    -1.2799
  309      5.39307    -0.7771   0.6293    -1.2349
  310      5.41052     -0.766   0.6428    -1.1918
  311      5.42797    -0.7547   0.6561    -1.1504
  312      5.44543    -0.7431   0.6691    -1.1106
  313      5.46288    -0.7314   0.682     -1.0724
  314      5.48033    -0.7193   0.6947    -1.0355
  315      5.49779    -0.7071   0.7071       -1
  316      5.51524    -0.6947   0.7193    -0.9657
  317      5.53269     -0.682   0.7314    -0.9325
  318      5.55015    -0.6691   0.7431    -0.9004
  319      5.56760    -0.6561   0.7547    -0.8693
  320      5.58505    -0.6428   0.766     -0.8391
  321      5.60251    -0.6293   0.7771    -0.8098
  322      5.61996    -0.6157   0.788     -0.7813
  323      5.63741    -0.6018   0.7986    -0.7536
  324      5.65487    -0.5878   0.809     -0.7265
  325      5.67232    -0.5736   0.8192    -0.7002
  326      5.68977    -0.5592   0.829     -0.6745
  327      5.70723    -0.5446   0.8387    -0.6494
  328      5.72468    -0.5299   0.848     -0.6249
  329      5.74213     -0.515   0.8572    -0.6009
  330      5.75959      -0.5    0.866     -0.5774
  331      5.77704    -0.4848   0.8746    -0.5543
  332      5.79449    -0.4695   0.8829    -0.5317
  333      5.81195     -0.454   0.891     -0.5095
  334      5.82940    -0.4384   0.8988    -0.4877
  335      5.84685    -0.4226   0.9063    -0.4663
  336      5.86431    -0.4067   0.9135    -0.4452
  337      5.88176    -0.3907   0.9205    -0.4245
  338      5.89921    -0.3746   0.9272     -0.404
  339      5.91667    -0.3584   0.9336    -0.3839
  340      5.93412     -0.342   0.9397     -0.364
  341      5.95157    -0.3256   0.9455    -0.3443
  342      5.96903     -0.309   0.9511    -0.3249
  343      5.98648    -0.2924   0.9563    -0.3057
  344      6.00393    -0.2756   0.9613    -0.2867
  345      6.02139    -0.2588   0.9659    -0.2679
  346      6.03884    -0.2419   0.9703    -0.2493
  347      6.05629     -0.225   0.9744    -0.2309
  348      6.07375    -0.2079   0.9781    -0.2126
  349      6.09120    -0.1908   0.9816    -0.1944
  350      6.10865    -0.1736   0.9848    -0.1763
  351      6.12611    -0.1564   0.9877    -0.1584
  352      6.14356    -0.1392   0.9903    -0.1405
  353      6.16101    -0.1219   0.9925    -0.1228
  354      6.17847    -0.1045   0.9945    -0.1051
  355      6.19592    -0.0872   0.9962    -0.0875
  356      6.21337    -0.0698   0.9976    -0.0699
  357      6.23083    -0.0523   0.9986    -0.0524
  358      6.24828    -0.0349   0.9994    -0.0349
  359      6.26573    -0.0175   0.9998    -0.0175
  360      6.28319        0        1          0
Triangles with a right angle                               Angle B
                                                                            Longest side (furthest from right angle) =
  Side furthest from angle = OPPOSITE =
                                                                            HYPOTENUSE = HYP
  OPP




                                                                                                        GO TO INDEX PAGE



                                                                                                  Angle A in degrees
    Right angle (90 degrees) corner
    C                                                Other side next to the angle =
                                                     ADJACENT = ADJ
EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR
Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in those white boxes to get the value of the items in blue
Angles are in degrees, lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.

           ANGLE A            ANGLE B           ANGLE C          HYPOTENUSE            ADJACENT              OPPOSITE
             73.4               16.6              90                  7                    2                   6.708

             56.4               33.6                90                  6                 3.317                   5

             68.2               21.8                90                5.385                 2                     5

              50                40.0                90                 23                14.784                17.619

              52                38.0                90                8.883               5.469                   7

             61             29.0               90                    14.439                 7                  12.628
     Angle C    Length
                Angle Bb                                                     Angle
                                                                           Length aA              Length c
Formulae used
     HYP2 = ADJ2 + OPP2 (Pythagorus's theorum)

      SINE A = OPP/HYP

      COSINE A = ADJ/HYP

      TANGENT A = OPP/ADJ
 A right angle (90
 Side furthest from                                Other side next to the angle = ADJACENT = ADJ
                                                                                              HYPOTENUSE = HYP
                                                   Longest side (furthest from right angle) = Angle under consideration ( A degrees)
Any triangles (with or without a right angle)
 (it doesn't matter which corner is called "A" but it must be opposite side "a" etc)
 Angles are in degrees, lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.

                                       Angle A
                                                          Length c
                Length b



 Angle C                                                                   Angle B
                                     Length a
                                                                                           GO TO INDEX PAGE

       Angle A              Angle B              Angle C             Side a            Side b              Side c

           90                  50                  40                 20               15.321              12.856

           90                  50                  40                 20               15.321              12.856

       117.28                26.38                36.34                6                   3                  4

 EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR
 Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in those white boxes to get the value of the items in blue
 Angles are in degrees, lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.

  A + B + C = 180

 sin A / a = sin B / b = sin C / c

 a2 = b2 + c2 -2bc COS A

 COS A = (b2 + c2 -a2) / 2bc
The Steel Square as a protractor

                                                          Angle A

                                                                              Right hand length R


                                                                                  GO TO INDEX PAGE
       Left hand length L



                                                     Hypotenuse H


EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR
Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in those white boxes to get the value of the items in blue
Angles are in degrees, lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.

               L                  R                  A                 H                 METRIC
              200                100           63.4 degrees           224
              200                100           63.4 degrees           224



              L                    R                 A                 H             SIXTEENTHS
           12 8/16            12               46.2 degrees         17 5/16       Type the whole number, then a space then the fraction
           12                 12               45.0 degrees         17
CIRCLES ETC                              Round off answers to          3      decimal places

          Radius        Diameter      Circumference       Area
                    5             10             31.416      78.54
                    5             10     31.41592654 78.53982                              GO TO INDEX PAGE
                    3              6              18.85    28.274
                    3              6     18.84955592 28.27433
               2.992           5.984               18.8    28.126
         2.99211293 5.98422586                     18.8 28.12586
       EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR
       Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in those white boxes to get the value of the items in blue
       Lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.

MORE
       Don't worry if you don't know where the centre is, just draw two lines at right angles across the circle:
             a               b               c               d        Radius Diameter           Circ       Area
             4               5               6             3.333       4.667        9.333      29.32      68.427
                                                         3.333333       4.6665 9.333333 29.32048 68.42668




                                         a

                                  c                d
                                          b


SEGMENTS
          Chord          Height       Circle diameter
            7             2.5                7.4


                                                         Height H


                         Chord
ELLIPSES                                Round off answers to           3         decimal places

                                                                        Approx
           A                B      Major axis        Minor axis     circumference    Area
                  5              6            10                 12          34.629  94.248
                  5              6            10                 12    34.62895594 94.24778
                  5              6            10                 12          34.629  94.248
                  5              6            10                 12    34.62895594 94.24778
     EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR
     Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in those white boxes to get the value of the items in blue
     Lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.

                                              GO TO INDEX PAGE




                                B

                                                   Minor axis
               A




               Major axis
POLYGONS                                                Round off answers to     3       decimal places

 No of sides      Radius      Diameter          Cord         Centre angle    Cut angle
      6            0.5           1               0.5              60            60

      8            3.5            7             2.679             45            67.5

      5            3.5          6.999           4.114             72             54

EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR
Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in those white boxes to get the value of the items in blue
Angles are in degrees, lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.

                                                        GO TO INDEX PAGE

    Cord length
                                           Radius




                                                           Centre angle




                                                        Angle to cut segment (double
                                                        this to get the angle of the
                                                        corner)
STAIRS                                                                                  GO TO INDEX PAGE
   In England, part K of the Building Regulations (2000 amended approved document) requires that stairs are safe in their design and construction.
   This includes the following ranges and the formula that twice the rise plus the going (2R+G) is between 550 and 700mm
   Angles are in degrees, lengths are in millimetres
                                                                                  Private single dwelling: 155-220          245-260
                                                                                                       or: 165-200          223-300
   EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR                                            Institutional & assembly:  135-180          280-340
                                                                                                                                                550-700
    Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in
      those white boxes to get the value of the items in         or if total floor area under 100 sq m:    135-180          250-340
                              blue                                                         Other building: 150-190          250-320
       Overall rise       Overall going    Number of rises Number of steps                 Pitch angle      Rise             Going               2R+G
          2000                2500                 11                    10                    36.0         181.8             250.0              613.6
          2000                2500                 11                    10                    36.0         181.8              250               613.6
         1999.8               2500                 11                    10                    36.0         181.8              250               613.6


                                                  Overall going



                                                         Rise




                                                                                                             Total height between floor finishes
                                                          Going
                                                                                                             = overall rise


                                                                                      Pitch line

                                                Nosing                          Pitch angle




   Angle C    Length
              Angle Bb                                                    Angle
                                                                        Length aA             Length c
The Golden Ratio                                                                                                    Incidentally, it was also noted by early mathematicians
                                                                                                                    that dividing adjacent terms from the Fibonacci series tended towards the golden ratio.

Rectangles are found to be most elegant when the sides are in the proportion of 2 : (1+ square root of 5)           This series is made by simply adding to two previous numbers
  ie = 1 : 1.618033989                                                                                              eg 5+8=13, 8+13=21 etc
                                                                                              GO TO INDEX PAGE
Short side               Long side               Area                 Perimeter                                     Fibonacci series      Term divided into next term

        5                 8.09017              40.45085               26.18034                                             1
                                                                                                                           1                              2
1.854102                         3             5.562306               9.708204                                             2                            1.5
                                                                                                                           3                  1.666666667
4.996856                 8.085083                   40.4              26.16388                                             5                            1.6
                                                                                                                           8                         1.625
1.852535                 2.997465              5.552909                      9.7                                          13                  1.615384615       ie 13/8
                                                                                                                          21                  1.619047619
EACH ROW IS A SEPARATE CALCULATOR                                                                                         34                  1.617647059
Pick the line with the two things you know and fill in those white boxes to get the value of the items in blue            55                  1.618181818
Angles are in degrees, lengths are in any unit you fancy - just keep them all the same.                                   89                  1.617977528
                                                                                                                         144                  1.618055556
                                                                                                                         233                  1.618025751
                                                                                                                         377                  1.618037135
                                                                                                                         610                  1.618032787
                                                           You can draw a golden rectangle this way if you prefer        987                  1.618034448
                                                           using a pair of compasses instead.                           1597                  1.618033813
                                                                                                                        2584                  1.618034056
                                                                                                                        4181                  1.618033963
                                                                                                                        6765                  1.618033999
                                                                                                                       10946                  1.618033985
                                                                                                                       17711                   1.61803399
                                                                                                                       28657                  1.618033988
                                                                                                                       46368                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                       75025                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                      121393                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                      196418                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                      317811                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                      514229                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                      832040                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                     1346269                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                     2178309                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                     3524578                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                     5702887                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                     9227465                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                    14930352                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                    24157817                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                    39088169                  1.618033989
                                                                                                                    63245986
                                                           GO TO INDEX PAGE

The Hambridge Progression
    The most visually pleasing sequence of sizes for the drawers fronts
    in a chest of drawers follows this pattern.
    Read off the answers starting from the bottom of the chart
     and work up for as many drawers as suits

    Specify width of chest here            500

            Round off answers to            0           decimal places


       Height of each drawer                            Total height of all drawers
                                                              up to this point
                 77                      Tenth                     1158
                 81                      Ninth                     1081
                 86                      Eighth                    1000
                 91                      Seventh                     914
                 98                       Sixth                      823
                107                       Fifth                      725
                118                      Fourth                      618

                134                       Third                      500

                159                  Second drawer                   366


                207                  Bottom drawer                   207
                                                                                                                                         Round answers to this many places

                                     Picture framing                                                        GO TO INDEX PAGE                               0
          Cutting the mount / card / mat, stick moulding, glass and hardboard to appropriate sizes is easier with this guide.
          It is normal to have the visible edges of card equal on three sides and slightly larger at the bottom.
          The glass and mdf backing will be the same size as the card.                                 You can use inches, millimetres or any other unit of length in this calculator
     Date      06 February 2010                                                          Image description / name
    Job #             2010.2                                                                       Oval cottage
                                                   120          Visible width of picture
                                                   155          Visible height of picture
                                                    5.5         Moulding rebate
                                                    19          Moulding width apart from rebate
                                                   26%          Visible margin on 3 sides as % of average picture width & height eg 25%
                                                   15%          Extra margin wanted on bottom edge of card as % of other margins eg 15%
                                                     2          Fiddle factor - extra allowance on frame lengths
                                                                           (so card & glass easily fits in frame eg 2mm / 0.1")




                                                                                      Moulding style                            silver plus black and red stripe
                                                   243          Horizontal moulding lengths (to tips of mitres)
             MOULDING                              283          Vertical moulding lengths                                                Mouldings often 2100 - 3000 long
                                                                  1052     Total moulding length (but add something for saw kerf wastage)
                                                                                                                                                                  Common glass sizes
             CARD / GLASS                          203          Card & glass width                      Card sizes                                                254 x 203 (10x8)
                                                   243          Card & glass height                     A0 is 1189 x 841 mm                                       297 x 210 (A4)
                                                                                                        1120 x 814 common size                                    305 x 254 (12 x 10)
                              Total visible margin on 3 sides      36                     Comprising               0      plus           36                       508 x 406 (20 x 16)
                               Total visible margin at bottom      41                     Comprising               0      plus           41                       762 x 508 (30 x 20)
                                                                                                                                                                  915 x 610 (36 x 24)
First card                                                                  Inner or only card style                                     russian green

Mark the back of the card                           42          Edge to aperture on 3 sides (for marking where to cut opening in card)
for cutting out the opening                         47          Edge to aperture on bottom                            Note this one is          Portrait

Second card (if any)                                                        Outer card style (if any)
             Set this to zero if not used            0          Visible width of first card revealed by this second card (equal on all 4 sides)
                                                    42          Edge to ruler on 3 sides (for marking where to cut opening in card)
                                                    47          Edge to ruler on bottom




                                              Sizes of mount card / paper
                                                     Millimetres                                                     Inches
                                                  Height       Width                                      Height              Width
                                                  1829            1219          Emperor                     72               48          Imperial
             Imperial                             1681            1189              2A                     66.2             46.8         Metric
             Metric                               1414            1000              B0                     55.7             39.4         Metric
             American                             1346             787         Antiquarian                  53               31          Imperial
                                                  1297             917              C0                     51.1             36.1         Metric
                                                  1189             841              A0                     46.8             33.1         Metric
                                                  1067             730        Grand Eagle                   42             28.75         Imperial
                                                  1000             707              B1                     39.4             27.8         Metric
                                                   917             648              C1                     36.1             25.5         Metric
                                                   876             597          Colombier                  34.5             23.5         Imperial
                                                   864             660            Atlas                     34               26          Imperial
                                                   841             594              A1                     33.1             23.4         Metric
                                                   762             559           Imperial                   30               22          Imperial
                                                   724             375        Pinched Post                 28.5            14.75         Imperial
                                                   711             584          Elephant                    28               23          Imperial
                                                   711             546           Princess                   28              21.5         Imperial
                                                   707             500              B2                     27.8             19.7         Metric
                                                   660             533          Cartridge                   26               21          Imperial
                                                   648             458              C2                     25.5              18          Metric
                                                   635             508            Royal                     25               20          Imperial
                                                   597             495      Sheet and 1/2 Post             23.5             19.5         Imperial
                                                   594             420              A2                     23.4             16.5         Metric
                                                   584             457           Medium                     23               18          Imperial
                                                   572             445            Demy                     22.5             17.5         Imperial
                                                   559             432         Broadsheet                   22               17          American
                                                   533             419         Large Post                   21              16.5         Imperial
                                                   508             406        Copy Draught                  20               16          Imperial
                                                   508             394         Small Demy                   20              15.5         Imperial
                                                   508             381            Crown                     20               15          Imperial
                                                   489             394             Post                   19.25             15.5         Imperial
                                                   432             343          Foolscap                    17              13.5         Imperial
                                                   432             279       Ledger / tabloid               17               11          American
                                                   420             297              A3                     16.5             11.7         Metric
                                                   406             343             Brief                    16              13.5         Imperial
                                                   419             337       Small Foolscap                16.5            13.25         Imperial
                                                   381             318             Pott                     15              12.5         Imperial
                                                   297             210              A4                     11.7              8.3         Metric
                                                   356             216            Legal                     14               8.5         American
                                                   279             216            Letter                    11               8.5         American
                                                   210             148              A5                      8.3              5.8         Metric
                                                   148             105              A6                      5.8              4.1         Metric


Folio meant cut in half, quarto cut in quarters, sixmo cut in sixths and octavo cut in eights
You can also have Double (twice the size), Quad (four times the size) or Double Quad (eight times the size).
                                                GO TO INDEX PAGE

Compound angles
First work out the turn angle of each joint, ie as viewed in plan view.
                  5      Number of sides
            Timber can be cut at an angle on a table saw by tilting the blade OR twisting the mitre guide.
            If both are done at the same time, the result is a compound angle, as needed for a trapezoid box, or crown moulding etc.   angles in radians
                 90      Slope angle wanted on the piece being cut                                                                       1.5708
                                                   (ie zero for picture frame, 90 for skirting board)
                 90      Slope angle wanted on the meeting component (usually the same as above)                                         1.5708

                           108     Turn angle (as viewed in plan view)                                                                  1.88496
                            54     Basic mitre angle with zero slope

               90.0    Bevel angle (by tilting blade)      (where 90 is vertical)                                                        1.5708
                or
                0.0    Bevel angle (by tilting blade)      (where 0 is vertical)                                                        1.7E-07

              -18.0    Mitre angle (by twisting guide)     (where 0 is with the mitre guide at right angles to the blade)               -0.3142
                or
              108.0    Mitre angle (by twisting guide)     (where 90 is with the mitre guide at right angles to the blade)



                       My thanks go to Walt Akers who published the formulae I needed at www.twisted-oaks.com
                                      GO TO INDEX PAGE

Roofing angles
     4000     SPAN Horizontal distance from edge of ridge to wall plate
      30      SLOPE angle
      200     DEPTH of rafter
      50      BIRDSMOUTH depth of vertical cut
      300     OVERHANG
              CUT angles for top bottom and vertical birdsmouth
              RISE vertical distance from wall plate to top of rafter where it meets ridge
              PARTIAL LENGTH for marking birdsmouth cut
              OVERALL rafter length on top edge




                          WORK IN PROGRESS

                                             Partial length


                          Depth

            Rise
                                                                                Overhang
                                              Slope angle

                               Span



                                                                             Birdsmouth
                                                                             depth
SCREW THREADS
                                                                                                                                                      BSW        UNC          BSPT                   NPS      NPT (API)
                                                                                                                        UNF                 BSF                                          BSP
 OUTSIDE THREAD                                                                                              ME                   Brass              British    (unified     British              (American   (American
                             Metric Fine        Metric coarse     Metric special               BA                     (Unified            British                                       British
    DIAMETER                                                                                                Model                 threa             Standard    national    Standard               national    national
                                                                                                                        Fine)             Standar                                      Standard
                                                                                                           Engineer                 d               W hitwort   coarse)       Pipe                 straight      pipe
                                                                                                                                           d Fine                                        Pipe
                                                                                                                                                        h                     Taper                 pipe)       taper)    For even more threads, go to Brian Morgan's site at
 inches    inches    mm     Pitch mm   TPI     Pitch mm    TPI    Pitch mm   TPI    #    TPI    Pitch mm      TPI     #    TPI     TPI       TPI       TPI       #    TPI       TPI       TPI         TPI         TPI     http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
  3/97     0.031    0.79                   GO TO INDEX PAGE                         #   133         0.19
  2/57     0.035    0.89                                                            #   121         0.21
  3/77     0.039    0.99                                                            #   110         0.23
   3/76     0.039      1                         0.25     101.6
   1/23     0.043     1.1                        0.25     101.6
  4/85     0.047    1.19                                                            #   102         0.25
   1/21     0.047     1.2                        0.25     101.6
  5/98     0.051    1.30                                                            #   90.9        0.28
   1/18     0.055     1.4                        0.3      84.7
  1/17     0.059    1.50                                                            #   81.9        0.31
            0.06                                                                                                      0     80
  3/50              1.52
   1/16     0.063                                                                                                                                                              28         28
                    1.59                                                                                                                                                                                         27
   1/16     0.063     1.6                        0.35     72.6
   1/15     0.067     1.7                                           0.35     72.6
                                                                                    #   72.6        0.35
   1/14     0.071     1.8                        0.35     72.6
            0.073                                                                                                     1     72
  3/41              1.85                                                                                                                                        1    64
  3/40     0.075    1.91                                                            9   65.1        0.39
   3/38     0.079      2                          0.4     63.5      0.45     56.4
   3/38     0.079      2                         0.25     101.6
            0.086                                                                                                     2     64
  8/93              2.18                                                            8   59.1        0.43                                                        2    56
   2/23     0.087     2.2     0.25     101.6     0.45     56.4
   1/11     0.091     2.3                                           0.4      63.5
   3/32     0.094
                    2.38
  5/51     0.098    2.49                                                            7   52.9        0.48
   6/61     0.098     2.5     0.35     72.6      0.45     56.4
            0.099                                                                                                     3     56
  9/91              2.51                                                                                                                                        3    48
   4/39     0.102     2.6                                           0.45     56.4
 10/91     0.11     2.79                                                            6   47.9        0.53
           0.112                                                                                                      4     48
  1/9               2.84                                                                                                                                        4    40
   2/17    0.118       3      0.35     72.6      0.5      50.8      0.6      42.3
           0.125                                                                                                      5     44                          40
  1/8               3.18                                                                                     40                                                 5    40        28         28         27          27
  1/8      0.126    3.20                                                            5   43          0.59
   4/29     0.138     3.5     0.35     72.6      0.6      42.3
            0.138                                                                                                     6     40
  4/29              3.51                                                                                                                                        6    32
   1/7     0.142    3.61                                                            4   38.5        0.66
    5/32    0.156
                    3.97                                                                                     40
    3/19    0.157      4      0.5      50.8      0.7      36.3      0.75     33.9
 14/87     0.161    4.09                                                            3   34.8        0.73
            0.164                                                                                                     7     36
 10/61              4.17                                                                                                                                        8    32
  14/79     0.177     4.5     0.5      50.8      0.75     33.9
  5/27     0.185    4.70                                                            2   31.4        0.81
   3/16     0.188                                                                                                                                       24
                    4.76                                                                                     40                             32
            0.19                                                                                                      10    32
 15/79              4.83                                                                                                                                        10   24
  12/61     0.197      5      0.5      50.8      0.8      31.8      0.9      28.2
 14/67     0.209    5.31                                                            1   28.2        0.9
 19/88      0.216   5.49                                                                                              12    28                                  12   24
  21/97     0.217     5.5                                           0.9      28.2
   7/32     0.219
                    5.56                                                                                     40                             28
 21/89     0.236    5.99                                                            0   25.4         1
  13/55     0.236      6      0.75     33.9       1       25.4
   1/4      0.250   6.35                                                                                     40             28     26       26          20           20        19         19         18          18
   8/29     0.276      7      0.75     33.9       1       25.4
   9/32     0.281
                    7.14                                                                                     32                             26
   5/16     0.313                                                                                                          6.9                          18
                    7.94                                                                                     32                    26       22                       18
  23/73     0.315      8       1       25.4      1.25     20.3      0.75     33.9
  28/79     0.354      9                         1.25     20.3        1      25.4
  28/79     0.354      9                                            0.75     33.9
   3/8      0.375                                                                                                          8.5                          16
                    9.53                                                                                     32                    26       20                       16        19         19         18          18
  37/94     0.394     10      1.25     20.3      1.5      16.9        1      25.4
  37/94     0.394     10                                            0.75     33.9
  13/30     0.433     11                         1.5      16.9        1      25.4
   7/16     0.438   11.11                                                                                                  9.9     26       18          14           14
  43/91     0.472     12      1.25     20.3      1.75     14.5       1       25.4
  43/91     0.472     12                                            1.5      16.9
   1/2      0.500   12.70                                                                                                  11.4    26       16          12           13        14         14         14          14
  43/78     0.551     14      1.25     20.3       2       12.7      1.5      16.9
  43/78     0.551     14                                             1       25.4
   9/16     0.563                                                                                                          12.9                         12
                    14.29                                                                                                                   16                       12
   5/8      0.625                                                                                                          14.5                         11
                    15.88                                                                                                          26       14                       11
  17/27     0.63      16      1.5      16.9       2       12.7       1       25.4
  11/16     0.688   17.46                                                                                                                   14          11
  17/24     0.709     18      1.5      16.9      2.5      10.2       2       12.7
  17/24     0.709     18                                             1       25.4
   3/4      0.750                                                                                                          17.5                         10
                    19.05                                                                                                          26       12                       10        14         14         14          14
  37/47     0.787     20      1.5      16.9      2.5      10.2       1       25.4
  37/47     0.787     20                                             2       12.7
  13/15     0.866     22      1.5      16.9      2.5      10.2       2       12.7
  13/15     0.866     22                                             1       25.4
   7/8      0.875                                                                                                          19.9                         9
                    22.23                                                                                                          26       11                        9
  17/18     0.945     24       2       12.7       3        8.5       1       25.4
  17/18     0.945     24                                            1.5      16.9
  62/63     0.984     25                                             2       12.7
  62/63     0.984     25                                            1.5      16.9
 1          1.000                                                                                                          23.2                         8
                    25.40                                                                                                          26       10                        8        11         11        11.5        11.5
                                                                                                                                          BSW        UNC          BSPT                   NPS      NPT (API)
                                                                                                             UNF                BSF                                          BSP
OUTSIDE THREAD                                                                                    ME                  Brass              British    (unified     British              (American   (American
                        Metric Fine      Metric coarse    Metric special         BA                        (Unified           British                                       British
   DIAMETER                                                                                      Model                threa             Standard    national    Standard               national    national
                                                                                                             Fine)            Standar                                      Standard
                                                                                                Engineer                d               W hitwort   coarse)       Pipe                 straight      pipe
                                                                                                                               d Fine                                        Pipe
                                                                                                                                            h                     Taper                 pipe)       taper)    For even more threads, go to Brian Morgan's site at
inches   inches   mm   Pitch mm   TPI   Pitch mm    TPI   Pitch mm   TPI   #   TPI   Pitch mm      TPI     #    TPI    TPI       TPI       TPI       #    TPI       TPI       TPI         TPI         TPI     http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                                                                                                          BSW        UNC          BSPT                   NPS      NPT (API)
                                                                                                             UNF                BSF                                          BSP
OUTSIDE THREAD                                                                                    ME                  Brass              British    (unified     British              (American   (American
                        Metric Fine      Metric coarse    Metric special         BA                        (Unified           British                                       British
   DIAMETER                                                                                      Model                threa             Standard    national    Standard               national    national
                                                                                                             Fine)            Standar                                      Standard
                                                                                                Engineer                d               W hitwort   coarse)       Pipe                 straight      pipe
                                                                                                                               d Fine                                        Pipe
                                                                                                                                            h                     Taper                 pipe)       taper)    For even more threads, go to Brian Morgan's site at
inches   inches   mm   Pitch mm   TPI   Pitch mm    TPI   Pitch mm   TPI   #   TPI   Pitch mm      TPI     #    TPI    TPI       TPI       TPI       #    TPI       TPI       TPI         TPI         TPI     http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
SCREW THREADS GO TO INDEX PAGE
  GO TO INDEX PAGE

                                                                                                                                                                                                   NPS
                                                                    BSW                     ME        BSF      UNC (unified                                                            BSP                          NPT (API)
 OUTSIDE THREAD                                                                                                               UNF (Unified                         BSPT                         (America
                            Metric   Metric     Metric special      British        BA      Model     British     national                     Brass                                   British                 (American national pipe
    DIAMETER                                                                                                                    Fine)                  British Standard Pipe Taper              n national
                            coarse    Fine                         Standard               Enginee   Standard     coarse)                      thread                                 Standard                         taper)
                                                                                                                                                                                                 straight
                                                                   Whitworth                 r        Fine                                                                             Pipe
                                                                                                                                                                                                   pipe)
 inches    inches    mm     Tap mm   Tap mm   Pitch mm   Tap mm     Tap mm     # Tap mm Tap mm        Tap       #     Tap     #      Tap               Tap with     Tap without        Tap         Tap       Tap with    Tap without
                                                                                                                                                        reamer        reamer                                  reamer       reamer
  3/97     0.031    0.79                                                       #    0.6
  2/57     0.035    0.89                                                       #    0.7
  3/77     0.039    0.99                                                       #    0.8
   3/76     0.039      1      0.75
   1/23     0.043     1.1     0.85
  4/85     0.047    1.19                                                       #   0.98
   1/21     0.047     1.2     0.95
  5/98     0.051    1.30                                                       #   1.05
   1/18     0.055     1.4     1.1
  1/17     0.059    1.50                                                       #    1.2
  3/50      0.06                                                                                                              0    1.25 mm
                    1.52
   1/16     0.063                                                                                                                                                        6.4            6.6                    6.1           6.3
                    1.59
   1/16     0.063     1.6     1.25
   1/15     0.067     1.7                       0.35        1.35               #    1.4
   1/14     0.071     1.8     1.45
  3/41      0.073                                                                                              1     1.55     1    (1.6 mm)
                    1.85
  3/40     0.075    1.91                                                       9   1.55
   3/38     0.079      2       1.6              0.45        1.55
   3/38     0.079      2      1.75
  8/93      0.086                                                              8    1.8                        2     1.85     2    (1.9 mm)
                    2.18
   2/23     0.087     2.2     1.75    1.95
   1/11     0.091     2.3                       0.4         1.9
   3/32     0.094
                    2.38
  5/51     0.098    2.49                                                       7   2.05
   6/61     0.098     2.5     2.05    2.15
  9/91      0.099                                                                                              3      2.1     3    2.15 mm
                    2.51
   4/39     0.102     2.6                       0.45        2.15
 10/91     0.11     2.79                                                       6    2.3
  1/9      0.112                                                                                               4     2.35     4     2.4 mm
                    2.84
   2/17    0.118       3      2.5     2.65      0.6         2.4
  1/8      0.125                                                     2.55                  2.55                5     2.65     5    (2.7 mm)                8             8.4           8.6          9          8.4           8.7
                    3.18
  1/8      0.126    3.20                                                       5   2.65
   4/29     0.138     3.5     2.9     3.15
  4/29      0.138                                                                                              6     2.85     6    (2.95mm)
                    3.51
   1/7     0.142    3.61                                                       4    3
    5/32    0.156                                                                           3.2
                    3.97
    3/19    0.157      4      3.3      3.5      0.75        3.2
 14/87     0.161    4.09                                                       3    3.4
 10/61      0.164                                                                                              8      3.5     7    3.55 mm
                    4.17
  14/79     0.177     4.5     3.7       4
  5/27     0.185    4.70                                                       2    4
   3/16     0.188                                                    3.7                   3.95        4
                    4.76
 15/79      0.19                                                                                               10     3.9     10   (4.1 mm)
                    4.83
  12/61     0.197      5      4.2      4.5      0.9         4.1
 14/67     0.209    5.31                                                       1    4.5
 19/88      0.216                                                                                              12    4.55     12   4.65 mm
                    5.49
  21/97     0.217     5.5                       0.9         4.6
   7/32     0.219                                                                          4.75       4.6
                    5.56
 21/89     0.236    5.99                                                       0    5.1
  13/55     0.236      6       5       5.2
   1/4      0.250                                                    5.1                    5.5       5.3             5.1             5.5      5.3       10.8           11.2           11.5       11.5         10.7          11.1
                    6.35
   8/29     0.276      7       6       6.2
   9/32     0.281                                                                           6.1       6.1
                    7.14
   5/16     0.313                                                    6.5                     7        6.8             6.6             24       6.9
                    7.94
  23/73     0.315      8      6.8       7       0.75        7.2
  28/79     0.354      9      7.8                 1          8
  28/79     0.354      9                        0.75        8.2
   3/8      0.375                                                    7.9                    8.6       8.3             8               24       8.4       14.25         14.75           15          15         14.25          14.5
                    9.53
  37/94     0.394     10      8.5      8.8        1          9
  37/94     0.394     10                        0.75        8.8
  13/30     0.433     11      9.5                 1         10
   7/16     0.438                                                    9.3                              9.7             9.4             20       10
                    11.11
  43/91     0.472     12      10.2    10.8       1           11
  43/91     0.472     12                        1.5         10.5
   1/2      0.500                                                    10.5                             11.1           10.8             20       11.5      17.75         18.25          18.75       18.5         17.5           18
                    12.70
  43/78     0.551     14      12      12.8      1.5         12.5
  43/78     0.551     14                         1           13
   9/16     0.563                                                    12.1                             12.7           12.2             18
                    14.29
   5/8      0.625                                                    13.5                              14            13.5             18       14.7
                    15.88
  17/27     0.63      16      14      14.5       1          15
  11/16     0.688                                                     15                              15.5
                    17.46
  17/24     0.709     18      15.5    16.5       2          16
  17/24     0.709     18                         1          17
   3/4      0.750                                                   16.25                            16.75           16.5             16      17.75       23           23.75          24.25       23.75       22.75         23.25
                    19.05
  37/47     0.787     20      17.5    18.5       1          19
  37/47     0.787     20                         2          18
  13/15     0.866     22      19.5    20.5       2          20
  13/15     0.866     22                         1          21
   7/8      0.875                                                   19.25                            19.75           19.5             14       21.1
                    22.23
  17/18     0.945     24      21       22        1           23
  17/18     0.945     24                        1.5         22.5
  62/63     0.984     25                         2           23
  62/63     0.984     25                        1.5         23.5
 1          1.000                                                     22                             22.75           22.25            12      24.75       29             30            30.4        30          28.5           29
                    25.40
DRILLS                                            GO TO INDEX PAGE
                                      SIZE    SIZE      FRACTION NUMBER, STANDARD,
                                                                                       This page thanks to Brian Morgan at
              DESCRIPTION
                                      (mm)   (inches)    (inches)     or,    METRIC,   http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                                    LETTER    SIZE
                                      0.2    0.0079
                                      0.22   0.0087
                                      0.25   0.0098
                                      0.28   0.0110
                                      0.3    0.0118
                                      0.32   0.0126
                                      0.35   0.0138                   80      0.35
                                      0.38   0.0150                   79      0.38
                                      0.39   0.0156        1/64
                                      0.4    0.0157                   78       0.4
                                      0.42   0.0165
                                      0.45   0.0177                   77      0.45
                                      0.48   0.0189
                                      0.5    0.0197                   76      0.5
                                      0.52   0.0205                   75      0.52
                                      0.55   0.0217
                                      0.58   0.0228                   74      0.58
            Tapping Drill 16 BA       0.6    0.0236                   73      0.6
                                      0.62   0.0244                   72      0.62
                                      0.65   0.0256                   71      0.65
                                      0.68   0.0268
            Tapping Drill 15 BA       0.7    0.0276                   70       0.7
                                      0.72   0.0283
               Tapping Drill
             ISO metric coarse        0.75   0.0295                   69      0.75
                  1 mm
                                      0.78   0.0307
                                      0.79   0.0312        1/32       68
            Tapping Drill 14 BA       0.8    0.0315
                                      0.82   0.0323                   67      0.82
               Tapping Drill
             ISO Metric Coarse        0.85   0.0335                   66      0.84
                  1.1 mm
                                      0.88   0.0346
                                      0.9    0.0354                   65      0.9
                                      0.92   0.0362                   64      0.92
               Tapping Drill
            ISO Metric Coarse         0.95   0.0374                   63      0.96
                 1.2 mm
            Tapping Drill 13 BA       0.98   0.0386                   62      0.98
            Tapping Drill 12 BA
                                       1     0.0394                   61        1
              and 17swg CEI
            Tapping Drill 12 BA       1.05   0.0413                   60      1.02
               Tapping Dnll
            ISO Metric Coarse         1.1    0.0433                   59      1.05
                 1.4 mm
                                      1.15   0.0453                   58      1.07
          Tapping Drill 16swg CEI     1.19   0.0469        3/64       57      1.1
            Tapping Drill 11 BA
                                      1.2    0.0472                   56
            and 1/16 Whitworth
               Tapping Dnll
             ISO Metric Coarse
                                      1.25   0.0492
                  1.6 mm
               and No 0 UNF
                                      1.3    0.0512                   55       1.3
                Tapping Drill
                 ISO Metric
                                      1.35   0.0531
               Special Pitches
                   1.7 mm
                Tapping Drill
                 15swg CEI            1.4    0.0551                   54       1.4
                  and 10BA
                Tapping Drill
             ISO Metric Coarse        1.45   0.0571
                   1.8 mm
             Tapping Drill 9 BA       1.5    0.0591                   53      1.52
                Tapping Drill
         ISO Metric Special Pitches
                                      1.55   0.0610
                  2 mm
               and No1 UNC
                                      1.58   0.0625        1/16
              Tapping Drill
         ISO Metric Coarse 2 mm,
                                      1.6    0.0630                   52      1.62
                No1 UNF
             and 14swg CEI
                                      1.65   0.0650
                                      1.7    0.0669                   51       1.7
               Tapping Drill
             ISO Metric Coarse        1.75   0.0689
                  2.2 mm

                                                                       69
                             SIZE    SIZE      FRACTION NUMBER, STANDARD,
                                                                              This page thanks to Brian Morgan at
     DESCRIPTION
                             (mm)   (inches)    (inches)     or,    METRIC,   http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                           LETTER    SIZE
    Tapping Drill 8 BA       1.8    0.0709                   50       1.8
    Tapping Drill 3/32
       Whitworth,            1.85   0.0728                   49      1.85
        No2 UNC
     and 13swg CEI
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                             1.9    0.0748                   48      1.92
        2.3 mm
      and No2 UNF
                             1.95   0.0768
                             1.98   0.0781        5/64
    Tapping Drill 7 BA        2     0.0787                   47        2
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Coarse 2.5 mm     2.05   0.0807                   46      2.05
    and 12swg CEI
 Tapping Drill No3 UNC       2.1    0.0827                   45       2.1
     Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                             2.15   0.0846
        2.6 mm
      and No3 UNF
                             2.2    0.0866                   44      2.2
                             2.25   0.0886                   43      2.25
   Tapping Drill 6 BA        2.3    0.0906
 Tapping Drill No4 UNC       2.35   0.0925
                             2.38   0.0938        3/32       42
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                             2.4    0.0945
         3 mm
      and No4 UNF
                             2.45   0.0965                   41      2.45
       Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Coarse        2.5    0.0984                   40       2.5
          3 mm
     Tapping Drill 1/8
        Whitworth            2.55   0.1004                   39      2.55
         1/8 BSC
        and 1/8 CEI
    Tapping Drill 5 BA       2.6    0.1024                   38       2.6
       Tapping Drill
      ISO Metric Fine
                             2.65   0.1043                   37      2.65
          3 mm
       and No5 UNC
  Tapping Drill No5 UNF      2.7    0.1063                   36       2.7
                             2.75   0.1083
                             2.78   0.1094        7/64
                             2.8    0.1102                   35      2.8
 Tapping Drill No6 UNC       2.85   0.1122                   34      2.82
     Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse         2.9    0.1142                   33      2.85
        3.5 mm
   Tapping Drill 4 BA
                             2.95   0.1161                   32      2.95
     and No6 UNF
                              3     0.1181                   31      3.05
                             3.1    0.1220
                             3.18   0.1250         1/8
 Tapping Drill 5/32 BSC,
    5/32 Whitworth,
ISO Metric Special Pitches   3.2    0.1260                   30      3.25
          2.3 mm
       and 0.154 CEI
       Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Coarse        3.3    0.1299
           4 mm
    Tapping Drill 3 BA       3.4    0.1339                   29      3.45
       Tapping Drill
      ISO Metric Fine
                             3.5    0.1378
           4 mm
       and No8 UNC
  Tapping Drill No8 UNF      3.55   0.1398
                             3.57   0.1406        9/64       28
 Tapping Drill 0.175 CEI     3.6    0.1417                   27      3.65
   Tapping Drill 3/16
                             3.7    0.1457                   26       3.7
       Whitworth
      Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse         3.8    0.1496                   25       3.8
        4.5 mm
 Tapping Drill No10 UNC      3.9    0.1535                   24       3.9


                                                              70
                             SIZE    SIZE      FRACTION NUMBER, STANDARD,
                                                                                This page thanks to Brian Morgan at
     DESCRIPTION
                             (mm)   (inches)    (inches)     or,      METRIC,   http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                           LETTER      SIZE
  Tapping Drill 3/16 BSF
        3/16 CEI             3.97   0.1562        5/32       23        3.92
      and 3/16 BSC
    Tapping Drill 2 BA        4     0.1575                   22          4
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                             4.1    0.1614                   21        4.02
          5 mm
      and No 10 UNF
       Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Coarse        4.2    0.1654                   20         4.1
          5 mm
                             4.3    0.1693                   19         4.2
                             4.37   0.1719       11/64       18         4.3
                             4.4    0.1732                   17         4.4
    Tapping Drill 1 BA,
     7/32 Whitworth,
                             4.5    0.1772                   16         4.5
   and ISO Metric Fine
          5 mm
 Tapping Drill No12 UNC      4.55   0.1791
  Tapping Drill 7/32 BSF
  and ISO Metric Special
                             4.6    0.1811                   15        4.58
         Pitches
         5.5 mm
 Tapping Drill No 12 UNF     4.65   0.1831
                             4.7    0.1850                   14        4.62
                             4.76   0.1875        3/16       13        4.7
                             4.8    0.1890                   12        4.8
                             4.9    0.1929                   11        4.85
      Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Coarse         5     0.1969                   10         4.9
          6 mm
    Tapping Drill 0 BA
                             5.1    0.2008                   9           5
    and 1/4 Whitworth
                             5.16   0.2031       13/64       8         5.08
  Tapping Drill 1/4 UNC
   and ISO Metric Fine       5.2    0.2047                   7          5.1
         6 mm
  Tapping Drill 1/4 BSF      5.3    0.2087                   6         5.2
                             5.4    0.2126                   5         5.22
  Tapping Drill 1/4 UNF      5.5    0.2165                   4         5.3
  Tapping Drill 1/4 BSC
                             5.56   0.2188        7/32       3          5.4
      and 1/4 CEI
                             5.6    0.2205                   2          5.6
                             5.7    0.2244
 Tapping Drill 0.266 CEI     5.8    0.2283                   1         5.8
                             5.9    0.2323                   A         5.85
                             5.95   0.2344       15/64
     Tapping Drill,
   ISO Metric Coarse,
                              6     0.2362                   B         6.05
         7 mm
     and 9/32 BSF
                             6.1    0.2402                   C         6.15
 Tapping Drill 9/32 BSC,
       0.281 CEI,
                             6.2    0.2441                   D         6.25
  and ISO Metric Fine,
         7 mm
                             6.3    0.2480                   E         6.35
                             6.35   0.2500         1/4
 Tapping Drill 1/16 BSTP     6.4    0.2520
   Tapping Drill 5/16
                             6.5    0.2559                   F         6.55
       Whitworth
 Tapping Drill 5/16 UNC
                             6.6    0.2598                   G         6.65
     and 1/16 BSP
                             6.7    0.2638                   H         6.76
 Tapping Drill 5/16 BSF      6.75   0.2655       17/64
      Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse         6.8    0.2677
          8 mm
 Tapping Drill 5/16 UNF      6.9    0.2717                   I         6.95
 Tapping Drill 5/16 BSC,
     ISO Metric Fine
                              7     0.2756                   J         7.05
          8 mm
       and 5/16 CEI
                             7.1    0.2795                   K         7.15
                             7.14   0.2812        9/32
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches   7.2    0.2835
          8 mm
                             7.3    0.2874                   L         7.35
                             7.4    0.2913                   M         7.45


                                                                 71
                             SIZE     SIZE      FRACTION NUMBER, STANDARD,
                                                                                 This page thanks to Brian Morgan at
     DESCRIPTION
                             (mm)    (inches)    (inches)     or,      METRIC,   http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                            LETTER      SIZE
                             7.5     0.2953
                             7.54    0.2969       19/64
                             7.6     0.2992                   N         7.65
                             7.7     0.3031
      Tapping Dnll
    ISO Metric Coarse         7.8    0.3071
         9 mm
                              7.9    0.3110
    Tapping Drill 3/8
                             7.94    0.3125        5/16
       Whitworth
  Tapping Drill 3/8 UNC
 and ISO Metric Special
                              8      0.3150                   0         8.05
        Pitches
         9 mm
                             8.1     0.3189
  Tapping Drill 3/8 BSF      8.2     0.3228                   P          8.2
                             8.3     0.3268
                             8.33    0.3281       21/64
 Tapping Drill 1/8 BSTP      8.4     0.3307                   Q         8.46
     Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse
                              8.5    0.3346
        10 mm
      and 3/8 UNF
 Tapping Drill 3/8 BSC
                              8.6    0.3386                   R         8.65
      and 3/8 CEI
                             8.7     0.3425
  Tapping Drill 1/8 BSP      8.73    0.3438       11/32
     Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Fine           8.8    0.3465                   5         8.85
        10 mm
                              8.9    0.3504
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches    9      0.3543
   10 mm (1mm Pitch)
                             9.1     0.3583                   T          9.1
                             9.13    0.3594       23/64
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches    9.2    0.3622
 10 mm (0.75mm Pitch)
   Tapping Drill 7/16
                              9.3    0.3661                   U         9.35
      Whitworth
 Tapping Drill 7/16 UNC       9.4    0.3701
     Tapping Dnll
   ISO Metric Coarse          9.5    0.3740                   V         9.55
        11 mm
                             9.53    0.3750         3/8
                             9.6     0.3780
  Tapping Drill 7/16 BSF     9.7     0.3819
                             9.8     0.3858                   W          9.8
 Tapping Drill 7/16 UNF      9.9     0.3898
                             9.92    0.3906       25/64
                              10     0.3937
 Tapping Drill 7/16 BSC      10.1    0.3976                   X         10.1
     Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse         10.2    0.4016
        12 mm
                              10.3   0.4055                   Y         10.3
                             10.32   0.4062       13/32
                              10.4   0.4094
    Tapping Drill 1/2
       Whitworth
     and ISO Metric
                             10.5    0.4134                   Z         10.5
    Special Pitches
         12 mm
     (1.5 mm pitch)
                              10.6   0.4173
                              10.7   0.4213
                             10.72   0.4219       27/64
  Tapping Drill 1/2 UNC
   and ISO Metric Fine       10.8    0.4252
 12 mm (1.25 mm Pitch)
                             10.9    0.4291
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                              11     0.4331
         12 mm
       (1mm pitch)
                              11.1   0.4370
  Tapping Drill 1/2 BSF      11.11   0.4375        7/16
 Tapping Drill 1/4 BSTP       11.2   0.4409


                                                                  72
                             SIZE     SIZE      FRACTION NUMBER, STANDARD,
                                                                               This page thanks to Brian Morgan at
     DESCRIPTION
                             (mm)    (inches)    (inches)     or,    METRIC,   http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                            LETTER    SIZE
                              11.3   0.4449
  Tapping Drill 1/2 UNF       11.4   0.4488
                              11.5   0.4528
                             11.51   0.4531       29/64
                              11.6   0.4567
                              11.7   0.4606
  Tapping Drill 1/4 BSP       11.8   0.4646
                              11.9   0.4685
                             11.91   0.4688       15/32
     Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse          12     0.4724
        14 mm
   Tapping Drill 9/16
                             12.1    0.4764
      Whitworth
 Tapping Drill 9/16 UNC      12.2    0.4803
                             12.3    0.4843
                             12.3    0.4844       31/64
                             12.4    0.4882
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches   12.5    0.4921
         14 mm
                             12.6    0.4961
 Tapping Drill 9/16 BSF      12.7    0.5000         1/2
     Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Fine          12.8    0.5039
 14 mm (1.25 mm Pitch)
 Tapping Drill 9/I 6 UNF     12.9    0.5079
                              13     0.5118
 Tapping Drill 9/16 BSC
                             13.1    0.5156       33/64
     and 9/16 CEI
                              13.1   0.5157
                              13.2   0.5197
                              13.3   0.5236
                              13.4   0.5276
  Tapping Drill 5/8 UNC      13.49   0.5313       17/32
    Tapping Drill 5/8
                             13.5    0.5315
       Whitworth
                              13.6   0.5354
                              13.7   0.5394
                              13.8   0.5433
                             13.89   0.5469       35/64
                              13.9   0.5472
      Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Coarse
                              14     0.5512
         16 mm
       and 5/8 BSF
                             14.25   0.5610
                              14.3   0.5625        9/16
  Tapping Drill 5/8 UNF
   and ISO Metric Fine       14.5    0.5709
         16 mm
                             14.68   0.5780       37/64
 Tapping Drill 3/8 BSTP      14.75   0.5807
   Tapping Drill 11/16
      Whitworth,
ISO Metric Special Pitches    15     0.5906
        16 mm
      and 5/8 BSC
                             15.08   0.5937       19/32
  Tapping Drill 3/8 BSP      15.25   0.6004
                             15.48   0.6094       39/64
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Coarse 18 mm      15.5    0.6102
     and 11/16 BSF
                             15.75   0.6201
                             15.88   0.6252         5/8
                              16     0.6299
                             16.25   0.6398
    Tapping Drill 3/4
                             16.27   0.6406       41/64
        Whitworth
  Tapping Drill 3/4 UNC
   and ISO Metric Fine       16.5    0.6496
         18 mm
                             16.67   0.6563       21/32
  Tapping Drill 3/4 BSF      16.75   0.6594
                              17     0.6693
                             17.07   0.6720       43/64
                             17.25   0.6791
  Tapping Drill 3/4 UNF      17.46   0.6874       11/16
     Tapping Drill
                             17.5    0.6890
                                                               73
                             SIZE     SIZE      FRACTION NUMBER, STANDARD,
                                                                               This page thanks to Brian Morgan at
      DESCRIPTION
                             (mm)    (inches)    (inches)     or,    METRIC,   http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                            LETTER    SIZE
    ISO Metric Coarse        17.5    0.6890
         20 mm
                             17.75   0.6988
                             17.86   0.7031       45/64
   Tapping Drill 13/16
       Whitworth
 and ISO Metric Special       18     0.7087
        Pitches
  20 mm (2 mm pitch)
 Tapping Drill 1/2 BSTP      18.25   0.7185
                             18.26   0.7189       23/32
      Tapping Drill
     ISO Metric Fine         18.5    0.7283
  20 mm (1.5 mm Pitch)
                             18.65   0.7343       47/64
                             18.75   0.7382
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                              19     0.7480
         20 mm
      (1 mm pitch)
  Tapping Drill 1/2 BSP      19.05   0.7500         3/4
    Tapping Drill 7/8
                             19.25   0.7579
       Whitworth
  Tapping Drill 7/8 UNC      19.45   0.7656       49/64
     Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse         19.5    0.7677
         22 mm
                             19.75   0.7776
  Tapping Drill 7/8 BSF      19.84   0.7812       25/32
                              20     0.7874
                             20.24   0.7969       51/64
                             20.25   0.7972
      Tapping Drill
     ISO Metric Fine         20.5    0.8071
         22 mm
  Tapping Drill 7/8 UNF      20.64   0.8125       13/16
   Tapping Drill 15/16
                             20.75   0.8169
       Whitworth
      Tapping Drill
   ISO Metric Coarse          21     0.8268
         24 mm
  Tapping Drill 5/8 BSP      21.03   0.8281       53/64
                             21.25   0.8366
                             21.43   0.8438       27/32
                              21.5   0.8465
                             21.75   0.8563
                             21.83   0.8594       55/64
   Tapping Drill 1 inch
        Whitworth             22     0.8661
   and ISO Metric Fine
         24 mm
                             22.23   0.8750         7/8
 Tapping Drill I inch UNC    22.25   0.8760
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                             22.5    0.8858
           24 mm
      (1.5 mm pitch)
 Alternative Tapping Drill
                             22.62   0.8906       57/64
        I inch BSF
 Tapping Drill 1 inch BSF    22.75   0.8957
       Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                              23     0.9055
          24 mm
       (1 mm pitch)
                             23.02   0.9062       29/32
   Tapping Drill I UNF       23.25   0.9154
                             23.42   0.9219       59/64
      Tapping Drill
ISO Metric Special Pitches
                             23.5    0.9252
        25 mm
    (1.5 mm pitch)
 Tapping Drill 3/4 BSTP      23.75   0.9350
                             23.81   0.9375       15/16
      Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Coarse         24     0.9449
         27 mm
                             24.21   0.9531       61/64
                             24.25   0.9547


                                                               74
                          SIZE     SIZE      FRACTION NUMBER, STANDARD,
                                                                            This page thanks to Brian Morgan at
    DESCRIPTION
                          (mm)    (inches)    (inches)     or,    METRIC,   http://homepages.tesco.net/~A10bsa/index.htm
                                                         LETTER    SIZE
 Tapping Drill 3/4 BSP    24.5    0.9646
Tapping Drill 1inch BSC
                          24.61   0.9688       31/32
    and 1 inch CEI
                          24.75   0.9744
     Tapping Drill
    ISO Metric Fine        25     0.9843
        27 mm
                           25     0.9844       63/64
                          25.4    1.0000         1




                                                            75
Woodscrews
           Diameter of screw and holes in mm
Imperial    Metric    Pilot   Clearance
  No 4        3        1.5        3            GO TO INDEX PAGE
  No 5
  No 6       3.5      2.5       3.5
  No 7
  No 8        4        3        4.5
  No 9       4.5       3         5
 No 10        5       3.5        5
 No 12        6       3.5       5.5
 No 14
Nails
                                                     GO TO INDEX PAGE
                                            Steel
                    Length in Diameter in
 American sizes                              wire
                     inches     inches
                                            gauge

               2d           1       0.072       15
               4d       1 1/2       0.098       12
               6d           2       0.113       11
               8d       2 1/2       0.131       10
              10d           3       0.148        9
              12d       3 1/4       0.148        9
              16d       3 1/2       0.162        8
              20d           4       0.192        6
              40d           5       0.225        4
              60d           6       0.262        2
SHEET & WIRE GAUGES
                                 Birmingham
           British    AWG          or Stubbs        Steel wire     US
           SWG        B&S             BWG            gauge       standard
 Gauge      mm        mm               mm              mm          mm
  36          0.193    0.127
  35          0.213    0.142
  34          0.234    0.160
  33          0.254    0.178
  32          0.274    0.203
  31          0.295    0.229
  30          0.315    0.254
  29          0.345    0.279
  28          0.376    0.305             0.356           0.411       0.396
  27          0.417    0.356             0.406           0.439       0.437
  26          0.457    0.406             0.457           0.460       0.478
  25          0.508    0.457             0.508           0.518       0.556
  24          0.559    0.508             0.559           0.584       0.635
  23          0.610    0.559             0.635           0.655       0.714
  22          0.711    0.635             0.711           0.726       0.795
  21          0.813    0.711             0.813           0.808       0.874
  20          0.914    0.813             0.889           0.884       0.953
  19          1.016    0.914             1.067           1.041       1.113
  18          1.219    1.016             1.245           1.207       1.270
  17          1.422    1.143             1.473           1.372       1.430
  16          1.626    1.295             1.651           1.588       1.588
  15          1.829    1.448             1.829           1.829       1.786
  14          2.032    1.626             2.108           2.032       1.984
  13          2.337    1.829             2.413           2.324       2.383
  12          2.642    2.057             2.769           2.680       2.779
  11          2.946    2.311             3.048           3.061       3.175
  10          3.251    2.591             3.404           3.429       3.571
   9          3.658    2.896             3.759           3.767       3.970
   8          4.064    3.251             4.191           4.115       4.366
   7          4.470    3.658             4.572           4.496       4.763
   6          4.877    4.115             5.156           4.877       5.159
   5          5.385    4.623             5.588           5.258       5.558
   4          5.893    5.182             6.045           5.723       5.954
   3          6.401    5.817             6.579           6.190       6.350
   2          7.010    6.528             7.214           6.668       6.746
   1          7.620    7.341             7.620           7.188       7.145
   0          8.230    8.255             8.636           7.785       8.166
Double o      8.839                      9.652           8.407       8.733
  3o          9.449                     10.795           9.208       9.525
  4o         10.160                     11.532          10.003      10.320
  5o         10.973                     12.700          10.935      11.113
  6o         11.786                     13.757          11.722      11.908
  7o         12.700                     14.943          12.446      12.700




                               Jolly Useful Maths
SHEET & WIRE GAUGES

                                     Birmingham
           British     AWG             or Stubbs        Steel wire      US
            SWG        B&S               BWG              gauge      standard

 Gauge     inches      inches            inches           inches      inches
  36          0.0076      0.0050
  35          0.0084      0.0056
  34          0.0092      0.0063
  33          0.0100      0.0070
  32          0.0108      0.0080
  31          0.0116      0.0090
  30          0.0124      0.0100
  29          0.0136      0.0110
  28          0.0148      0.0120            0.0140          0.0162      0.0156
  27          0.0164      0.0140            0.0160          0.0173      0.0172
  26          0.0180      0.0160            0.0180          0.0181      0.0188
  25          0.0200      0.0180            0.0200          0.0204      0.0219
  24          0.0220      0.0200            0.0220          0.0230      0.0250
  23          0.0240      0.0220            0.0250          0.0258      0.0281
  22          0.0280      0.0250            0.0280          0.0286      0.0313
  21          0.0320      0.0280            0.0320          0.0318      0.0344
  20          0.0360      0.0320            0.0350          0.0348      0.0375
  19          0.0400      0.0360            0.0420          0.0410      0.0438
  18          0.0480      0.0400            0.0490          0.0475      0.0500
  17          0.0560      0.0450            0.0580          0.0540      0.0563
  16          0.0640      0.0510            0.0650          0.0625      0.0625
  15          0.0720      0.0570            0.0720          0.0720      0.0703
  14          0.0800      0.0640            0.0830          0.0800      0.0781
  13          0.0920      0.0720            0.0950          0.0915      0.0938
  12          0.1040      0.0810            0.1090          0.1055      0.1094
  11          0.1160      0.0910            0.1200          0.1205      0.1250
  10          0.1280      0.1020            0.1340          0.1350      0.1406
   9          0.1440      0.1140            0.1480          0.1483      0.1563
   8          0.1600      0.1280            0.1650          0.1620      0.1719
   7          0.1760      0.1440            0.1800          0.1770      0.1875
   6          0.1920      0.1620            0.2030          0.1920      0.2031
   5          0.2120      0.1820            0.2200          0.2070      0.2188
   4          0.2320      0.2040            0.2380          0.2253      0.2344
   3          0.2520      0.2290            0.2590          0.2437      0.2500
   2          0.2760      0.2570            0.2840          0.2625      0.2656
   1          0.3000      0.2890            0.3000          0.2830      0.2813
   0          0.3240      0.3250            0.3400          0.3065      0.3215
Double o      0.3480                        0.3800          0.3310      0.3438
  3o          0.3720                        0.4250          0.3625      0.3750
  4o          0.4000                        0.4540          0.3938      0.4063
  5o          0.4320                        0.5000          0.4305      0.4375
  6o          0.4640                        0.5416          0.4615      0.4688
  7o          0.5000                        0.5883          0.4900      0.5000




                                   Jolly Useful Maths
     GO TO INDEX PAGE

     GO TO INDEX PAGE




See below for inches version




                               Jolly Useful Maths
     GO TO INDEX PAGE




See above for mm version




                           Jolly Useful Maths
Greek etc                    GO TO INDEX PAGE


    The GREEK Alphabet
      alpha      A       a
       beta      B       b
      gamma      G       g
       delta     D       d
      epsilon    E       e
       zeta      Z       z
        eta      H       h
       theta     Q       q
       iota      I       i
      kappa      K       k
      lambda     L       l
        mu       M       m
        nu       N       n
        xi       X       x
     omicron     O       o
        pi       P       p
       rho       R       r
      sigma      S       s
        tau      T       t
      upsilon    U       u
        phi      F       f
        chi      C       c
        psi      Y       y
      omega      W       w

								
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