Ch 22 23 review ans by ttACAG

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									                            WHH Chapter 22 & 23 Review
1. The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by          Nicolaus Copernicus

2. Isaac Newton explained the             the scientific method.

3. In general, the philosophes believed in which of the following?
      A. expanding women's rights
      B. all Church decrees
      C. progress for society
      D. authoritarian rule

4. The idea of a direct democracy is explained in which book?          The Social Contract

5. European art of the 1600s and early 1700s was dominated by a grand, ornate style called
   baroque
6. The philosophes influenced Catherine the Great's   proposal on reforms to Russia's laws

7. The Declaration of Independence was written by        Thomas Jefferson

8. Which of the following is true of the neoclassical style of art?
    A. It emphasized elegance and simplicity.
    B. It tended to be ornate, highly detailed, and rich in color.
    C. It was the dominant style of art during the Middle Ages.
    D. It was based on ideas and themes from ancient Japan.

9. The Bill of Rights was influenced by
     A. Voltaire.
     B. John Locke.
     C. Jean Jacques Rousseau.
     D. all of the above.

10. Henry Fielding was a writer who       developed many features of the modern novel.

11. What is the correct sequence of steps used in the scientific process?        observation, question,
    hypothesis, experimentation, conclusion

12. Which of the following events occurred after the American Revolution?
     A. Constitutional Convention
     B. French and Indian War
     C. Stamp Act
     D. Navigation Acts

13. What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S. Constitution?          branches of government

14. How did the Baroque style and the neoclassical style differ?       Baroque was grand and ornate;
    neoclassical was simple and elegant



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15. Frederick II supported which of the following?
      A. freedom of worship
      B. Christian religion
      C. wealthy landowners
      D. direct democracy

16. How were Thomas Hobbes and Catherine the Great similar? Both believed that a monarch
    should have absolute authority.
17. What is the law of universal gravitation?    All physical objects are affected equally by the same
    forces.
18. Which of the following did the Enlightenment promote?
       A. a belief in progress
       B. a more secular outlook
       C. faith in science
       D. all of the above
19. What did the American colonists protest as "taxation without representation"? Stamp Act




20. Who was influenced by Enlightenment Ideas? literate middle class, thinkers and writers , &
    American colonists

21. How did the Scientific Revolution influence the American Revolution? questioning of assumptions
    led to challenging ideas about government
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22. The philosophes used reason to address      social issues.

23. Between 1550 and 1789, Enlightenment ideas swept       through European society and colonial
    America
24. The American Revolution was influenced by
      A. British policies.
     B. political scientists.
     C. the philosophes.
     D. all of the above

25. Which of the following attempted social reforms?
     A. the philosophes
     B. scholars
     C. enlightened despots
     D. all of the above

26. Which of the following occurred after the salons spread enlightenment ideas?
     A. The scientific method develops.
     B. The heliocentric theory develops.
     C. The scientific method begins to affect society.
     D. The colonists denounce taxation without representation.

27. Which person would probably NOT have been influenced by the philosophers?
     A. a European artist living during the 1700s
     B. a leader of a salon
     C. an American patriot denouncing taxation without representation
     D. a scholar who believed in the geocentric theory
the following are not from the above chart
28. What did Andreas Vesalius and Voltaire both do?     challenge preexisting ideas.

29. How did Zacharias Janssen make Anton van Leeuwenhoek's discoveries possible?        He invented
    the microscope.
30. Which of the following men contradicted the ideas in the U.S. Constitution?
      A. Baron de Montesquieu
      B. Thomas Hobbes
      C. John Locke
      D. Denis Diderot

31. In the 1700s, which of the following showed the influence of Enlightenment ideas?
       A. a woman reading a novel
       B. a woman allowing her child to have a smallpox vaccination
       C. a man attending a salon
       D. all of the above

32. Which of the following did the censors of the Catholic Church ban?
      A. Don Giovanni
      B. the Encyclopedia
      C. Tom Jones
      D. all of the above
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33. In which of the following ways did the taxation problem in America differ before and after
    independence?
      A. Before were too many British taxes; after were not enough federal taxes.
      B. Before were too few British taxes; after were too many federal taxes.
      C. Before were too many British taxes; after were too many federal taxes.
      D. Before were too few British taxes; after were not enough federal taxes.

34. How did the Declaration of Independence embody Enlightenment ideals?         It said that people
    have rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
35. Which of the following reflects the neoclassical style?
      A. a palace built in a grand and elaborately decorated style
      B. a painting rich in detail and ornate imagery
      C. a church built in a simple, elegant style
      D. dramatic organ music with a complex composition

36. Which of the following were caused
    by the scientific revolution?
      A. the belief that the earth was an
unmoving object at the center of the
universe
      B. improvements in medicine and
scientific instruments
      C. reliance on ancient authorities
to explain the physical world
      D. the assumption that the human
body was similar to the anatomy of
other animals




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Use the preceding map to answer the following.

37. Which of the following regions probably had both Spanish and U.S. settlers in 1783?
     A. the region about 200 miles east of Quebec
     B. the region about 100 miles east of New York
     C. the region about 100 miles north of New Orleans
     D. the region about 300 miles north of Mexico City

38. Which region did both the United States and Spain claim in 1783?       the region north of New
    Orleans and northwestern Florida
39. Who owned most of the territory west of the Mississippi in 1783?        Spain

40. If a ship was sailing at a rate of 20 miles per hour, how long would it take to deliver sugar from
    Puerto Rico to New York?         about 75 hours
Chapter 23
41. About what percentage of France's population belonged to the Third Estate? 98 %

42. What happened on July 14, Bastille Day?      A mob stormed a prison looking for gunpowder

43. Which goal was NOT stated in the "slogan of the Revolution"?
     A. liberty
     B. equality
     C. justice
     D. brotherhood

44. Which document stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights"? Declaration of
    the Rights of Man
45. During the Reign of Terror, who was safe from the guillotine? no one

46. What was Napoleon able to accomplish during peacetime? government run public schools; a
    comprehensive system of laws; a fairer tax code

47. Why did Napoleon attack Portugal?        to enforce the terms of the Continental System

48. What was the important goal of the Congress of Vienna      to establish a balance of power in
    Europe
49. Who was the most influential leader at the Congress of Vienna? Prince Klemens von Metternich
    of Austria
50. About what percent of France's population belonged to the First and Second Estates? 2%

51. Which group most strongly embraced the ideals and principles of the Enlightenment?
     A. the nobility
     B. the bourgeoisie
     C. the peasant class
     D. the urban class

52. What issue led to the first meeting of the Estates-General in 175 years? proposed taxation of the
    Second Estate
53. Why did the National Assembly lose the support of many French peasants?        it took away the
    Catholic Church's lands and independence.
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54. Which group imposed the Reign of Terror?       the Committee of Public Safety

55. Which group finally forced Robespierre from power?     his fellow revolutionaries

56. Which of the following was NOT a reason for Napoleon to sell the Louisiana Territory?
     A. to raise money
     B. to cut his losses in America
     C. to punish the sugar growers in Saint Domingue
     D. to increase America's power as a British rival

57. What was one important consequence of the Battle of Trafalgar?        Napoleon gave up his plans
    of invading Britain
58. How did Great Britain react to the Continental System?
       A. It invaded France.
       B. It organized its own blockade.
       C. It negotiated a peace agreement with France.
       D. It formed an alliance with Austria and Prussia.

59. What was the main goal of the participants in the Congress of Vienna?
     A. to create constitutional monarchies in Europe
     B. to restore royal families to the thrones of Europe
     C. to establish security and stability for the nations of Europe
     D. to prevent nations outside Europe from interfering in European affairs

60. Which of the following is an accurate description of the tax system in France in the years
    preceding the French Revolution?
      A. Only peasants and the clergy paid taxes.
      B. Only about 2 percent of the nobility paid any taxes.
      C. The nobility paid taxes only on land, not on income.
      D. The members of the Third Estate paid almost all of the taxes.

61. In what way did the bourgeoisie differ from other members of the Third Estate? They believed in
    Enlightenment ideals.
62. What issue arose after the king called for the Estates-General to meet? how many votes each
    Estate would get
63. What does the word plebiscite mean?         a vote of the people

64. Which of the following did Napoleon NOT accomplish?
     A. a uniform set of laws
     B. a stabilization of the economy
     C. an expansion of freedom of speech
     D. an equal-opportunity public education system

65. How did Admiral Nelson defeat the French-Spanish fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar? He divided
    the French fleet into smaller groups and then attacked them
66. What strategy did Czar Alexander I use to defeat Napoleon in Russia? scorched-earth policy

67. What did Klemens von Metternich NOT want to accomplish at the Congress of Vienna?            create
    the beginnings of a European democracy
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68. What was one important effect resulting from the political changes made at the Congress of
   Vienna? Nationalistic feelings grew in countries placed under foreign rule.

69. What is the approximate distance, in miles, between Paris and London?       200

70. What geographic advantage helped Britain resist conquest?        It was an island.

71. What pattern best describes Napoleon's conquests?
     A. conquering islands for French shipping
     B. conquering Asia and Africa
     C. conquering countries that surrounded France
     D. conquering the nations with the largest amount of land
72. Which state neither belonged to the French Empire nor was at war with it?     Ottoman Empire

73. What is the approximate distance, in kilometers, between Paris and Moscow?        2,500

74. Which of Napoleon's allies shared the longest border with the area he controlled? Austrian
    Empire
75. How did Napoleon's conquests affect the size of French-controlled territory?
       It approximately tripled.
76. Which route would enable French troops to stay within the French Empire for the majority of the
    journey to the Russian border?
 A. crossing through Switzerland, Italy, the Illyrian Provinces, Austrian Empire
 B. crossing the Confederation of the Rhine, Austrian Empire
 C. crossing the Confederation of the Rhine, Prussia
 D. crossing the Confederation of the Rhine, Prussia, the Grand Duchy of Warsaw

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77. Great Britain and Moscow lie above which line of latitude?   50° N

78. What major geographical advantage did Alexander I have over Napoleon's Grand Army?
      The Grand Army was not accustomed to Russian winters.

79. Which of the following events was the latest to occur?
     A. sale of the Louisiana Territory
     B. sending an army through Spain to Portugal
     C. losing the Battle of Trafalgar
     D. Napoleon's making himself Emperor


85. In what year did Napoleon seize control of the government and assume dictatorial powers? 1799




86. It took Napoleon approximately _5 __ years to make himself Emperor after assuming dictatorial
powers.

87. Napoleon's career finally ended in _1815__

88. Napoleon was able to maintain the Empire at its greatest extent for ___5 years__


90. The action of Napoleon's that caused the greatest human losses was _ the invasion of Russia__




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