Chapters 18 & 19 Review Sheet by ttACAG


									                                       Chapters 18 & 19 Review Sheet
Chapter 18 – Taxonomy, Classification & Overview of the 6 Kingdoms
   1. What are the rules for writing a scientific name?
   2. Who developed the system for naming organisms?
   3. Why is Latin used for scientific names?
   4. What is systematics?
   5. What are the 8 major taxa of classification?
   6. If two organisms share the same family, what other taxa do they have in common?
   7. What is the least inclusive level of classification?
   8. What is phylogeny?
   9. How were organisms classified prior to 1970?
   10. What are the 6 kingdoms in the current system of classification?
   11. Which 2 kingdoms used to be grouped together?
   12. Which kingdom contains mostly unicellular, eukaryotic organisms?
   13. Which kingdoms contains unicellular, prokaryotic organism?
   14. Which kingdoms contains multicellular, eukaryotic, autotrophic organism?
   15. What was the contribution of the following people to classification & taxonomy:
           a. Aristotle
           b. Whttaker
           c. Linnaeus
   16. Which kingdom has organisms characterized by cell walls made of chitin?
   17. Which kingdom has organisms characterized by cell walls made of cellulose?
   18. What is the best evidence for showing evolutionary relationships between organisms in the 6 kingdoms?

Chapter 19 – Bacteria & Viruses
   1. What is the general structure of a virus?
   2. What type of infections/sickness are antibiotics useful?
   3. What is a retrovirus?
   4. What is a viroid?
   5. What is a prion?
   6. Describe the structure of a prokaryotic cell.
   7. What is the cell wall of eubacteria composed of?
   8. How are prokaryotes different from eukaryotes?
   9. What is binary fission?
   10. Where do bacteria live?
   11. Are the following caused by a bacteria or a virus:
           a. Strep throat
           b. Flu
           c. Common cold
           d. Staph infection
           e. HIV

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