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									The AP State Forensic Science Laboratory was established in November 1974 by merger
of the scientific section of CID of Police Department and Chemical Examiner unit of
Medical and Health Department. Initially there were only six sections, namely Ballistics,
Biology, Chemistry, Documents, Physics and Toxicology. As the crime rate increased the
number of cases handled by FSL also has gone up. With growing ingenuity of modern
criminal, more and more complex crimes are referred to FSL by the Law Enforcement
agencies. Considering the magnitude and variety of crime, new sections have been
created in FSL Headquarters. Alongside, three Regional FSLs were also established in
the last five years at Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada and Anantapur. Besides, Scientific
Investigation Teams called CLUES to assist and guide the investigating officers at the
scenes of offence were established at Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada and Ranga
Reddy Districts.

Today, APFSL has thirteen sections broadly categorized into Biological, Chemical,
General and Physical Divisions. APFSL is the first and only Laboratory in India to
establish advanced technology-centric sections like DNA, Computer Forensics,
Biomedical and Forensic Engineering to cater to the ever growing demands from Police,
Judiciary and other Central and State Government Departments and Public Sector
undertakings. APFSL has become Model Lab in India and examiner cases referred by
CBI, Customs, Airports Authority, Passports Authority, Banks, Insurance Companies and
several Central and State Government agencies.

Some of the immediate future plans of APFSL are to establish District FSLs in all 23
Districts, to introduce CLUES Teams in all urban areas and District Headquarters, to
strengthen the sections in Headquarters with more advanced equipment and to set up new
sections like Behavioral Psychology for Criminal Profiling and Forensic imaging. All this
to be achieved by 2002.

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