Computer Assisted Instruction
Chapter 8 b
Computer based multi-media
Hypermedia-uses elements of text, graphics,
video, and audio connected so that the user
can easily move from one section to another
and to one difficulty level to another.
Advantages: engrossing (deep
involvement), multisensory, connections
(sounds associated with the pictures),
individualized, students can create their
own multimedia files.
multisensory programs exist.
Lessons contain literature, music, math, art,
and science activities.
• Fairy tales
• realistic fiction
• science fiction
• historical fiction.
Word processing packages:
Offer students an opportunity to express
their opinions about books
Word choice is expanded by the instant
thesaurus. Writing the vocabulary word
helps to internalize its meaning.
Written passages are easily rewritten,
improved, and edited.
Using the word processor adds
keyboarding to the curriculum.
Students are taught to type as quickly as
they write: about 15 wpm.
This involves about six weeks of
keyboarding practice 30 m/wk. Packaged
lessons such as Mavis Beacon work well.
Instruction in the use of editing tools: cut
paste, etc. also take away writing time.
Teachers could write their own
Studymate offers drill and practice for
content area facts.
Spelling programs can be tailor made to
individual words. Spelling errors are
collected from the writing. A individual list
is made and students learn to spell these
4 Kinds of Computer Software:
1. Drill and practice-
4. Learning game-
Instructional Principles involving
Plan for CAI (computer assisted instruction)
Students should have interaction with the
Tell the students the objective of the lesson.
Vary the programs; monitors students for
Students work well in pairs at the computer.
Effective teachers of reading use a variety
of materials and instructional procedures.
The Basic reader uses current research and
offers: developmental reading and
Other means are necessary for recreational
reading, content reading and functional
4 method of teaching reading:
Literature based programs
Whole language philosophy