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The Next-Generation Adaptive Optics System at Keck Observatory

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The Next-Generation Adaptive Optics System at Keck Observatory Powered By Docstoc
					Lasers for the Next-Generation
    Adaptive Optics System
   for the Keck Observatory

                Donald Gavel
 on behalf of the NGAO concept study group
       Claire Max, Peter Wizinowich,
            Rich Dekany, Mike Liu
and participants from the Keck, Palomar, and
           UCO/Lick Observatories




           CfAO Spring Retreat, 2007
                UC Santa Cruz
   Keck Next-Generation Adaptive Optics (NGAO) is
   designed to provide powerful new capabilities


      1. Near diffraction-limited in the near-IR (Strehl >80%)
             •        A PSF with unprecedented precision, stability and contrast.


      2. Vastly increased sky coverage and multiplexing
             •        Enables a much broader range of science programs.


      3. AO correction at red optical wavelengths (0.6-1.0um)
             •        Highest angular resolution of any filled-aperture telscope.




Gavel: NGAO at Keck                      CfAO Spring Retreat, 2007                  2
     Laser Guidestar Concepts for NGAO



    • Multi-laser guidestar tomography
           – Counter the cone effect
           – Wide contiguous field and multi-object AO
    • Variable configuration
           – Compact constellation for high on-axis Strehl
           – Wider constellation for wider field correction and MOAO
           – Point some LGS at tip/tilt stars




Gavel: NGAO at Keck               CfAO Spring Retreat, 2007            3
      Ongoing trade studies


      • Rayleigh fratricide – do we need a pulsed laser?
      • Beam transport – can we use a fiber?
      • Return vs pulse format and bandwidth – should we
        require narrow band? Can we do pulse tracking?
      • Number of LGS, and constellation configuration –
        currently indicating 5 to 9 LGS in 30 to 240 arcsec
        diameter variable constellations
      • Wavefront error as a function of laser power – how
        much total power? How much margin is needed to
        cover throughput, seeing, and Na density fluctuations?

Gavel: NGAO at Keck           CfAO Spring Retreat, 2007          4
      Very important additional considerations


      • Reliability
      • Cost
      • Cost to operate and maintain
      • Size, weight, and power




Gavel: NGAO at Keck        CfAO Spring Retreat, 2007   5

				
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