The Geographic Perspective
A smarter way to see the world
► Change across space (vs change over time)
“The Why of Where”
► Why and how do things come together in
certain places to produce particular
► Why are some things found in certain places
but not in others?
► To what extent do things in one place
influence those in other places?
These and MANY other important questions
Renewed interest in Geography
► Geography Education National
Implementation Project (GENIP) early ’80s
► National Geographic Society: “Maps, the
Landscape, and Fundamental Themes of
Geography” = “5 Themes” of Geography
These organizations led the push to revive
this very important study… one of the oldest
The 5 Themes:
The actual position of a place or thing, or
point in a given space.
-Absolute Location: an exact point as
defined by a system of coordinates
-Relative Location: the position of a point
as it relates to another point.
2: Human-Environment Interaction
► How do different culture groups understand,
use, and transform their environments?
And how does environment influence
The defining of features concentrated in
particular areas to aid human understanding
of spatial distribution of things like political,
economic, and social activity.
► Formal, Functional, Perceptual/Vernacular
► Have distinguishing human and physical
► Each have a special character and meaning.
► Spaces with no human awareness or
understanding are just that; spaces… they
have no “place”.
to the mobility of people, goods,
and ideas across the surface of the planet.