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The Geographic Perspective A smarter way to see the world Spatial Perspective ► Connections ► Complexity ► Diversity ► Change across space (vs change over time) “The Why of Where” ► Why and how do things come together in certain places to produce particular outcomes? ► Why are some things found in certain places but not in others? ► To what extent do things in one place influence those in other places? These and MANY other important questions equals GEOGRAPHY Renewed interest in Geography ► Geography Education National Implementation Project (GENIP) early ’80s ► National Geographic Society: “Maps, the Landscape, and Fundamental Themes of Geography” = “5 Themes” of Geography These organizations led the push to revive this very important study… one of the oldest The 5 Themes: 1. Location The actual position of a place or thing, or point in a given space. -Absolute Location: an exact point as defined by a system of coordinates -Relative Location: the position of a point as it relates to another point. 2: Human-Environment Interaction ► How do different culture groups understand, use, and transform their environments? And how does environment influence human activity? 3: Region The defining of features concentrated in particular areas to aid human understanding of spatial distribution of things like political, economic, and social activity. ► Formal, Functional, Perceptual/Vernacular ► Hierarchy Formal Region Functional Region Perceptual/Vernacular Region 4: Place ► Have distinguishing human and physical characteristics. ► Each have a special character and meaning. ► Spaces with no human awareness or understanding are just that; spaces… they have no “place”. 5: Movement to the mobility of people, goods, ► Referring and ideas across the surface of the planet.
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