Background information on Adolf Hitler by B29390f


									Background information on Adolf Hitler

   Born 1889 in Braunau, a small town on the border between Germany and
    Austria. Father was a low ranking customs officer – his mother used to be a
    maidservant. Hitler was Austrian and was to live in the Austro-Hungarian
    Empire till he was 24.
   He showed early promise at primary school but does badly in his first year at
    secondary school. Teachers described him as being lacking self-control and
    lazy. He was bossy and unwilling to accept other people’s opinions. When Hitler
    was 13 his father died and he continued to do badly at school.
   His mother died when he was 17 and he moved to Vienna, living on an orphan’s
    Failed on 2 occasions to make it into Art School. Lived in poverty, doing odd
    jobs including house painting. He lived in hostels, like a tramp.
   In 1913 he moved to Munich to avoid doing military service but joins the
    German army in the following year when the First World War begins. He
    proved to be a brave soldier, acting as a company runner, carrying messages
    from one commander to another during the fighting. He was awarded the Iron
    Class (2nd Class) – a high military award and was promoted to corporal by the
    end of the war. He was almost blinded in a gas attack as the war came to an
    After the war he stayed in the army for a while and was ordered to spy on a
    number of extremist political parties that were emerging in Munich. One of
    these was called the ‘German Workers Party’ led by Anton Drexler. Hitler
    liked their ideas and joined – he was given the membership number of 555.
    Within a year he had taken over the party and had renamed it the National
    Socialist German Workers Party (NAZIS). Soon the numbers had risen from
    50 in 1919 to 6,000 by 1921 to over 50,000 by 1923. It had its own
    newspapers and a private army of storm troopers to fight its opponents.

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