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InSITE Archive Volume No August August Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                       InSITE
                                                        A Service of Cornell Law Library

                                                                  Myron Taylor Hall
                                                                  Ithaca, New York
                                                                     14853-4901

                                                              ISSN 1521-9046 (electronic)
                                                                ISSN 1520-4294 (print)


Welcome to InSITE, a current awareness service of Cornell Law Library. InSITE
highlights selected law-related Web sites in two ways: as an annotated publication
issued electronically and in print; and as a keyword-searchable database. The law
librarians at Cornell evaluate potentially useful Web sites, select the most valuable
ones, and provide commentary and subject access to them. InSITE can be accessed
via the Cornell Law Library site at http://www.lawschool.cornell.edu/library




                                          Volume 15
                                        Numbers 1 - 24

                                  August 2009 - August 2010



                                           Contributors:
C. Brown, J. Callihan,G. Corey, J.P. Cusker, A. Emerson, B. Kreisler, I. Haight, M. Morrison, K. Noel,
                                         J. Pajerek (editor)
Table of Contents:

 No. 1                                                                                  Page 5
 August 24, 2009
                      Asian Legal Information Institute (AsianLII)
                      Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
                      U.S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution
                      WomensLaw.org; formerly: Women's Law Initiative
 No. 2                                                                                  Page 7
 September 14, 2009
                      Copyright Advisory Network
                      New Zealand Legal Information Institute
                      NFHA: National Fair Housing Alliance
 No. 3                                                                                  Page 8
 September 28, 2009
                      Brain Injury Lawyer: Frequently Asked Questions
                      Centre for German Legal Information
                      Fair Labor Association
                      JuriGlobe
 No. 4                                                                                 Page 10
 October 12, 2009
                      Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
                      Alliance for Taxpayer Access
                      genderIT.org
                      Victims' Rights Working Group
 No. 5                                                                                 Page 12
 October 26, 2009
                      Commonwealth @ 60: Serving a New Generation
                      Hip Hop Law.Com
                      International Bar Association's Global Competition Forum (GCF)
 No. 6                                                                                 Page 13
 November 9, 2009
                      Enforcement & Compliance History Online (ECHO)
                      ExecutedToday.com
                      Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Digital Collection
 No. 7                                                                                 Page 14
 November 23, 2009
                      AWID: Association for Women's Rights in Development
                      Congressional Documents Online
                      Crimes of War Project
                      NCRP: National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy

 No. 8                                                                                 Page 16
 December 7, 2009
                      Collaborative Justice
                      Constitutional Council
                      Drug Industry Document Archive
                      Nieman Watchdog: Questions the Press Should Ask
 No. 9                                                                                 Page 18
 December 21, 2009
                      Introduction to the United States Tax Court
                      Legal History: The Year Books
                      POW/MIA Databases & Documents




                                                                                                 2
No. 10                                                                                                    Page 19
January 11, 2010
                    ProPublica: Journalism in the Public Interest
                    Trans-Lex.org Law Research
                    Universal Declaration of Human Rights: an Historical Record of the Drafting Process
No. 11                                                                                                    Page 20
January 25, 2010
                    Caselaw.Cognition
                    Court of Restitution Appeals Reports
                    Haymarket Affair Digital Collection
No. 12                                                                                                    Page 22
Febuary 8, 2010
                    Avon Global Center for Women and Justice at Cornell Law School: Legal Resources
                    Foreign Lobbying Influence Tracker
                    State Responses to Immigration: a Database of All State Legislation
No. 13                                                                                                    Page 23
February 22, 2010
                    Archive-It
                    Electronic Legal Resources on International Terrorism
                    Hague Justice Portal
No. 14                                                                                                    Page 25
March 8, 2010
                    AEI Reg-Markets.org
                    India Code
                    National Sea Grant Law Center
No. 15                                                                                                    Page 26
March 22, 2010
                    FIAN International: Defending the Right to Food Worldwide
                    Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals
                    Supreme Court Database

No. 16                                                                                                    Page 28
April 5, 2010
                    FedFlix
                    National Data Catalog
                    Snitching Blog
No. 17                                                                                                    Page 29
April 19, 2010
                    Firearms Research
                    Gender and Land Rights Database
                    LittleSis: Profiling the Powers that Be
No. 18                                                                                                    Page 30
May 3, 2010
                    Florida Law: Laws and Legal Heritage of the State of Florida
                    Migration Information Source
                    YouTube EDU (Law)
No. 19                                                                                                    Page 31
May 17, 2010
                    Conflict of Laws.net: News and Views in Private International Law
                    Free at Last? Slavery in Pittsburgh in the 18th and 19th Centuries
                    Open Access Scottish Law Reports



                                                                                                                    3
No. 20                                                                                  Page 32
June 7, 2010
                  AAI: American Antitrust Institute
                  Interactive Radio for Justice
                  Penal Reform International
No. 21                                                                                  Page 33
June 21, 2010
                  Antitrust Source
                  Equal Rights Trust
                  WolframAlpha: Computational Knowledge Engine
No. 22                                                                                  Page 34
July 19, 2010
                  Human Rights Web Archive
                  US Supreme Court Center
                  Virtual Museum & Archive of the History of Financial Regulation
No. 23                                                                                  Page 35
August 2, 2010
                  Defenders Online
                  FIRE: Foundation for Individual Rights in Education
                  WikiLeaks

No. 24                                                                                  Page 36
August 23, 2010
                  Federal Register: the Daily Journal of the United States Government
                  National Center for Education Statistics
                  OpenNet Initiative




                                                                                                  4
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 1                                                    Websites for August 24, 2009


Asian Legal Information Institute (AsianLII)
         URL: http://www.asianlii.org/
         The Asian Legal Information Institute (AsianLII) provides free access to legal information from each of the 27 countries and territories
         located in Asia. Over 90 full-text databases contain 15,000 pieces of legislation and more than 140,000 cases, in addition to law journals,
         and law reform reports. The materials of every country are supplemented by a catalog of thousands of law-related websites pertaining to
         each country. Multiple basic and advanced search options are available for accessing the content of the databases and the websites
         contained in the catalog. The numerous search features are effective and sophisticated, and it will be well worth the time for users to
         consult the Help link prior to searching, or better yet, download the PDF “Quick Guide to AsianLII” available on its home page.
         Databases may also be accessed by browsing by county, and then selecting from the list of databases on the country‟s page. On the
         database page, visitors will find the range of years for which items are available, links to the individual items, the date items were most
         recently added, and alphabetic and annual tables of contents. Another option is to utilize the LawCite feature located on the AsianLII
         home page, which further allows users to retrieve specific documents via citation, party name, jurisdiction, and several other categories.
         Materials are provided in HTML format. The AsianLII continues to grow and develop through the Australasian Legal Information
         Institute (AustLII), together with partner institutions in Asian countries and other LIIs. Because of the diversity of languages in Asia, the
         site “aim[s] to include in AsianLII as much legal information as possible in the English language, so as to provide a common linguistic
         platform for comparative legal research,” while also making legal materials available in the vernacular when possible.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
         URL: http://www.archives.gov/foia/
         The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is responsible for preserving documents and materials generated in the
         course of business by the United States federal government. Pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), all executive branch
         records in its legal custody are to be made available to any person upon request, with the exception of some statutory exemptions. The
         FOIA website makes available all of the information and resources necessary for visitors to understand and implement a FOIA request,
         including such materials as the text of the Freedom of Information Act itself (5 U.S.C. 552), the FOIA Regulations (36 CFR 1250), and
         current and archived FOIA Annual Reports. An Electronic Reading Room contains ready access to records that are frequently requested
         under FOIA, together with additional materials routinely made available to the public, including National Archives Operational Records
         and Policy Statements and Manuals. Most helpful is the National Archives and Records Administration Freedom of Information Act
         Reference Guide designed to familiarize visitors with the logistical procedures for making a FOIA request. It explains which materials
         are available without a FOIA request, where and how to submit one‟s request, typical response times, the current fee schedule, an
         explanation of the various factors that are taken into account when considering a FOIA request, notice of one‟s right to a judicial review
         if a request is denied, and a sample form letter for use in making one‟s request. A well-functioning search feature allows visitors to
         search all of NARA‟s web pages, or the current FOIA section only. An advanced search provides the option to narrow one‟s search to
         the text of the body, the URL, the title name, the link, or by several other fields. Each page provides print, email and bookmarking
         options, and a link to submit one‟s FOIA request electronically via email is available throughout the site.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]
U.S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution
         URL: http://www.ecr.gov/
         The U.S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution was created in 1998 to assist parties in resolving environmental conflicts
         around the country that involve federal agencies or interests. The Institute also mediates disputes involving environmental or cultural
         resources of native (Indian) peoples. The Institute‟s website defines environmental conflict resolution (ECR) and educates the public on
         the Morris K. Udall Foundation and the Native Dispute Resolution Network. The site‟s “How We Work” section describes the criteria
         for Institute involvement or assistance in a conflict or dispute and the "Projects" section describes efforts currently underway.
         Practitioners will appreciate the site‟s National Roster of Environmental Dispute Resolution and Consensus Building Professionals,
         which has over 230 members. The Institute uses this roster as a resource when referring ECR professionals to those searching for
         qualified neutral parties and may subcontract with ECR professionals on the roster. Researchers will be interested in the site‟s section,
         “Applying Program Evaluation Methods,” which describes the metrics used by the Institute as it gathers, analyzes, and shares (with
         appropriate audiences) evaluation feedback.
                                                                                                                        [Author: B. Kreisler/J. Cusker]
WomensLaw.org; formerly: Women's Law Initiative
         URL: http://www.womenslaw.org/
         Designed to provide easy-to-understand legal information and resources to women living with or escaping domestic violence, the
         Women's Law Initiative was founded in February 2000 by a group of lawyers, teachers, activists, and web designers. The organization
         changed its name to WomensLaw.org in 2005. What makes this site stand out is its state-specific information on domestic violence. Each
         state‟s sub-page provides access to selected statutory sections that deal with domestic violence, which are excerpted from the state‟s own
         official site or Findlaw.com. The date each section was last updated is clearly indicated on each page. The state-specific subsections also
         assist visitors with necessary court forms, by either providing the actual form for downloading or describing in detail which forms are
         needed when visiting the local courthouse. Directories of courthouses and sheriff departments are made available as part of the site‟s
                                                                                                                                                     5
state coverage. Visitors are also provided a detailed step-by-step guide to obtaining a restraining order, written by legal organizations
from the jurisdiction which the guide covers.




                                                                                                                                            6
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 2                                        Websites for September 14, 2009

Copyright Advisory Network
       URL: http://librarycopyright.net/wordpress/
       Sponsored by the American Library Association Office for Information Technology Policy, the Copyright Advisory Network provides a
       forum in which librarians may convene with copyright experts to share dialogue concerning questions, concerns, feedback and advice
       regarding copyright issues. The Network‟s home page opens directly to a blog that features one or two entries per month about timely
       issues in copyright law that are relevant to libraries. Previous entries are archived by date and category, an RSS feed is available, and a
       simple, well functioning search engine also provides access. In addition to the blog, a Q & A Forum is available in bulletin board format.
       Registration is required, but only a username and an email address are necessary. Identification is not verified, comments are not
       monitored, and contributions may be posted anonymously in the interest of preserving the value of an open forum. Attempts are made to
       answer all questions, but as the forum is principally designed for use by librarians, priority is given to copyright matters related to
       libraries. The forum currently has nearly 5700 registered users who have discussed almost 600 topics. The site further provides a wiki
       page containing a large compilation of copyright law resources, including links to sources of primary law, resources for those teaching
       copyright law, links to information pertaining to library services and copyright, licensing and permissions, and much more. A more
       sophisticated search engine is available for the discussion forum. Another excellent feature of this site are the copyright tools that are
       designed to help librarians retrieve answers regarding copyright law at a glance. For example, the “Public Domain Slider” allows users
       to select a date of publication from a scale and thereby determine at a glance whether a work is protected by copyright and for how long.
       Another example is the “Section 108 Spinner” which allows users to determine, with a spin and a glance, what kinds of copies libraries
       are allowed to make in various circumstances. Other equally useful tools include the “Exceptions for Instructors eTool” and the “Fair
       Use Evaluator.” Users are welcomed to provide feedback regarding the technical functionality and legal accuracy of the tools.
                                                                                                                              [Author: A. Emerson]
New Zealand Legal Information Institute
       URL: http://www.nzlii.org/
       Legal information institutes world-wide are fundamental in providing researchers, whether lawyers or the general public, free access to
       the law of many countries. Another in the great tradition of these entities, the New Zealand Legal Information Institute (NZLII) is based
       on the World Legal Information Institute and its Australasian counterpart. NZLII is a joint project of the Australasian LII, and the
       University of Otago and Victoria University of Wellington Faculties of Law. The NZLII makes available a wealth of New Zealand legal
       materials, including case law, legislation, law journals, and treaties. The case law collection includes opinions from the Maori courts, the
       New Zealand Employment Court, and the Intellectual Property Office. Depending upon the court, opinions date from the early 2000s,
       the mid 1990s, or as far back as the 1950s. The collection of acts is comprehensive and extends back to the 18th century. For example,
       the Act of Settlement of 1700 is available to users. The New Zealand Treaty Series is available covering the years 1944 to 2004. These
       documents are made available in PDF. Overall, the site is a convenient resource for New Zealand law.
                                                                                                                             [Author: M. Morrison]
NFHA: National Fair Housing Alliance
       URL: http://www.nationalfairhousing.org/
       The National Fair Housing Alliance (NFHA) is a consortium of more than 220 entities who share the common goal of eliminating
       housing discrimination in the United States. Based in Washington, D.C., NFHA has dedicated itself to being “the voice of fair housing”
       through leadership, education, outreach, membership services, public policy initiatives, advocacy and enforcement since 1988. NFHA‟s
       work is based on the premise that protecting one‟s individual right to equal housing opportunity serves also to protect the American
       dream in all its forms, including access to a variety of employment options for oneself and a quality education for one‟s children. Among
       NFHA‟s many programs are education and outreach services through which they strive to educate the housing industry and the general
       public alike about fair housing laws pertaining to renting, purchasing, financing and insuring homes. NFHA also provides enforcement
       of fair housing laws through investigation and, where necessary, litigation. In addition, NFHA is active in the development of public
       policy by providing resources and testimony to Congress, state legislatures, and state and local administrative agencies. The Fair
       Housing Resources tab located at the top of the web page is most helpful to researchers. It provides a well-organized and easy-to-
       navigate page replete with links to copies of fair housing statutes, committee reports, precedent-setting cases, regulations, HUD memos,
       NFHA‟s own trends reports, and many other resources, many of which are available in PDF format. The site also offers a search feature,
       but it functions much better for retrieving fair housing news, event information and contact information than for research purposes.
       Instead, a more successful approach would be to directly visit the Resource tab and select from the headings provided. NFHA‟s
       resources are freely available and are intended to be of assistance to anyone seeking a clearer understanding of fair housing laws,
       including individuals, organizations and governmental offices.
                                                                                                                              [Author: A. Emerson]
       .




                                                                                                                                                 7
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 3                                         Websites for September 28, 2009

Brain Injury Lawyer: Frequently Asked Questions
        URL: http://www.braininjuryfaq.com/
        Published by New York injury attorney John M. Hochfelder, Brain Injury Lawyer FAQ is an online resource that offers extensive
        medical and legal information pertaining to traumatic injuries, particularly traumatic brain injuries (TBI). At its broadest level, the site
        provides answers to commonly asked questions about brain injuries through a unique combination of lay language and medical terms
        that makes ordinarily difficult concepts easy to understand. Questions are organized by subject category and include all levels of
        complexity from simple definitions to the more intricate ramifications of various diagnoses. The site also features a Nationwide Verdict
        Tracker that documents brain injury verdicts and settlements throughout the country. Organized by date, the Tracker serves as a useful
        current awareness compilation service. Although actual copies of the cases are not provided, the list does include the names of the
        parties, the name of the court, the case number, and several bullet points summarizing the highlights. The site additionally links to
        attorney Hochfelder's regularly updated blawg featuring a variety of current topics pertaining to injuries. Using recent cases as a
        foundation, the blawg does an excellent job of addressing the legal and medical aspects of each issue. It includes links to copies of
        relevant case law in Word format when possible, and the discussion is well-supplemented with photos, illustrations and diagrams. The
        blawg page also offers links to legal research sites, medical sites, and other blawgs. There are various options offered for electronically
        sharing individual articles, and it may be followed on Twitter. Overall, the level of detail and currency of information provided by the
        site are so good as to make one wonder how Hochfelder has time to practice law. However, if he does find himself wondering what to do
        next, it would be terrific if he could add an RSS Feed to both his blawg and the Verdict Tracker.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]
Centre for German Legal Information
        URL: http://www.cgerli.org/
        Located in Berlin, the non-profit Centre for German Legal Information (CGLI) seeks to provide free online access to German law in
        English. The Centre "aims to promote the exchange of ideas and arguments among different legal systems, to facilitate access to German
        law for foreign practitioners, judges, researchers and students, and to advance the harmonisation of law on both a European and a global
        level." In carrying out their mission, CGLI translates statutes and regulations, especially on constitutional and commercial topics,
        translates German court rulings that interpret and apply European and international law, and posts articles and research papers on
        German and comparative law. The most important components of the site cover Legislation, Judgments, and Materials. Under
        Legislation, users will find acts and statutory instruments from the federal level. An alphabetical list in English is provided; also, users
        have the option of organizing titles by category. Categories run the gamut from administrative law to transport law. The Judgments
        section includes decisions and orders from both federal and state German courts. Judgments can be accessed by deciding court, as well
        as topically. The Materials section is where to go to find articles, research papers, and reports. The wide-ranging material here is best
        accessed by category. From the home page, be sure to consider the Expert Search option that allows advanced searching across the site's
        content; users may narrow searches by document type, topical category, and date.
                                                                                                                                [Author: M. Morrison]
Fair Labor Association
        URL: http://www.fairlabor.org/
        The Fair Labor Association (FLA) is a collaboration of socially responsible entities including colleges, universities, corporations and
        social organizations working together to improve the working conditions in factories around the world. The FLA has developed a
        Workplace Code of Conduct, based on International Labour Organization standards, for companies to follow. FLA also has monitoring,
        remediation, and verification processes in place to assure compliance with those standards for companies that choose to participate with
        FLA. The participating companies must demonstrate that they and the companies they do business with meet those standards and are
        committed to improving the working conditions in their factories. The FLA also provides a third party complaint procedure so that they
        can address serious violations of labor rights. The scope of the work done by FLA is narrow, as they concentrate on workplace standards
        in apparel and footwear factories. The site includes a link to a blog but the last post was entered in May 2009 and the most recent press
        release is from June 29, 2009. Some of the press releases are available in Spanish as well as English. The content of the site is original
        and the layout is well-organized and easy to follow. There is a site map that simply copies the organization established along the left-
        hand side of the pages and thus proves to be more cumbersome than following each subheading. There is a simple word/phrase search
        feature at the top of each page. The site includes portals to online training and assessments of their standards, codes and systems; the
        assessment portal works best with Firefox. There is also a links page to organizations that take a global look at the issue of workplace
        conditions. The FLA website is a handy tool for those who are researching workers' rights and factory work conditions on a global scale.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: C. Brown]
JuriGlobe
        URL: http://www.juriglobe.ca/
        JuriGlobe is a research group formed by four law professors from the University of Ottawa, which provides a free multilingual
        information data bank containing general information on legal systems, languages, international commercial conventions, and
        multilateral commercial tools. The site aims to provide practitioners with tools that might be applicable in a multinational practice, and
        to provide professors and students with an educational tool useful in the study of comparative and international law. Available in
        English, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic, French, and Russian, the first version of the site appeared in 1999, with the second and latest version
        updated in 2008, the latter of which is also available in book format. The site provides vast amounts of data on the distribution of legal
                                                                                                                                                   8
systems by various factors, including geography, political entity, UN member status, GDP and GNI per capita, and language.
Information is presented in a variety of formats, including lists, graphs, tables, and maps, with some information available in multiple
formats. Although the site lacks a search function, the nature of the information and the ease of navigability obviate the need for this
functionality. The site also includes an extensive bibliography of primarily print resources, which site users can consult for further
research.
                                                                                                                         [Author: G. Corey]




                                                                                                                                         9
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 4                                         Websites for October 12, 2009
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
        URL: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/
        Located in Atlanta, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is a federal public health agency within the
        Department of Health and Human Services. Created in 1980 by the Superfund Act, ATSDR pursues public service “by using the best
        science, taking responsive public health actions, and providing trusted health information” to reduce the risk posed by toxic substances.
        The agency performs specific functions as mandated by Congress. These functions include assessing waste sites, consulting on specific
        substances, responding to emergency releases of hazardous substances, and performing research that supports public health. The web site
        provides ample information about toxic substances and access to ATSDR materials. From the main page, users may link to an A-Z
        listing of substances—the Toxic Substances Portal—with the most commonly viewed substances highlighted up front. For each
        substance, a description is provided, as well as a map of where the substance is found and a listing of related web resources. Other major
        components of the site cover Publications, Education and Training, Emergency Response, and Press Releases. Available publications are
        numerous and include strategic documents, newsletters, and reports on hazardous waste. ATSDR provides training for medical and
        public health workers; an overview of the Agency‟s programs is available under the Education and Training section. The Emergency
        Response section holds materials that offer an interesting look at how ATSDR responds to various kinds of events, including chemical
        terrorism and “hazardous material incidents.” To stay up-to-date on agency activity, users may look at the recent press releases. Releases
        are keyword searchable, and these searches may be limited by year.
                                                                                                                              [Author: M. Morrison]
Alliance for Taxpayer Access
        URL: http://www.taxpayeraccess.org/
        Directed by the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition, the Alliance for Taxpayer Access (ATA) is a coalition of patient
        groups, physicians, researchers, educational institutions, publishers, and health promotion organizations working to provide free online
        public access to the published results of research funded with taxpayer dollars, thereby removing subscription barriers that might
        otherwise block public access to this information. The ATA‟s site primarily benefits organizations interested in supporting open access
        to taxpayer-funded research, but is also an excellent resource for anyone interested in this cause to keep abreast of recent developments
        and determine ways in which they can take action to support open access. Users can easily navigate the site by using the tabbed menu
        across the top. The Issues tab contains the bulk of the site content. This section includes several pages, each dedicated to a distinct open
        access issue. Each page includes a wealth of information on a particular issue, including background, current status, actions that can be
        taken in support of (or in opposition to) the issue, who supports (or opposes) the issue, what the ATA is doing with regard to that issue,
        additional resources, and media coverage. Under the Membership tab, the site includes a list of ATA members and provides a
        membership form for those organizations interested in joining the coalition. Membership is free of cost, but requires that members be
        willing to “weigh in” with Congress, federal agencies, or the media when called upon to do so. The News tab features links to internal
        and external news stories on open access, including both current and archived stories, and provides an RSS feed. Users can also take
        advantage of a basic search function provided at the top of each page, which allows for simple text searches across the site‟s content.
                                                                                                                                  [Author: G. Corey]
genderIT.org
        URL: http://www.genderit.org/
        The goal of genderIT.org is to change the way people view Information and Communication Technology (ICT) so as to include women
        in the future development of ICT policy and increase women‟s access to ICT. The Association for Progressive Communication
        developed the website as a result of its advocacy work associated with its Women‟s Networking Support Programme. The website
        includes an excellent Beginner‟s Section to educate users who are new to the subject. The site map is a helpful tool to navigate through
        the site and allows the user to see the organizational structure which flows logically from one subject to another. A basic search engine is
        available at the top of every page and a more advanced search feature is provided on the site map page which includes lists of issues and
        jargon as well as the four geographical regions that are the focus of the site. The topics presented on the website are broad, covering a
        wide range of issues relating to women and ICT and include a mix of original content and links to content from other sources that relate
        to the subject. The subjects currently addressed include economic empowerment, education, health, violence against women, cultural
        diversity, communication and access. The geographical focus covers the following four regions of the world: Africa, Asia-Pacific,
        Central Eastern Europe and Latin America. Use of graphics is limited but effective in demonstrating the purpose of the function or
        feature presented. This site provides what appears to be valuable and accurate information on the topic of women and ICT.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: C. Brown]
Victims' Rights Working Group
        URL: http://www.vrwg.org/
        The Victims‟ Rights Working Group (VRWG) promotes the interests of crime victims who are involved in cases before the International
        Criminal Court (ICC). National and international NGOs and experts founded the organization in 1997 as part of the Coalition for the
        ICC. The VRWG reviews ICC proceedings to ensure that the court is properly implementing the portions of the ICC Statute relating to
        the protection and participation of victims. The VRWG also concentrates on legal representation for victims, reparations, gender focus
        (advocating for victims of gender-based crimes), and the interests of victims, such as preventing future crimes and ensuring that all
        victims have the opportunity to be heard. Although the VRWG does not explicitly limit its geographical scope, news and cases discussed
        on the website currently pertain solely to Africa. In the Documents section, researchers can browse links to reports, recommendations,
        declarations, studies, resolutions, press releases, legal updates, and other material. Documents are organized into the following
                                                                                                                                                 10
categories: VRWG Documents, Legal Update (published by the ICC), Members‟ Documents (produced by other human rights
organizations), ICC Documents, and Reference Material (mainly United Nations material). Researchers should avoid using the search
box, which automatically sends the researcher to the Reference Material page in the Documents section. Be aware that some of the links,
especially links located in the Victims‟ Rights section, did not work at the time this review was written. The VRWG publishes a bulletin
roughly three times a year containing news about ICC cases, position papers, interviews, best-practice recommendations, and other
content. The bulletin is available in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, with some older bulletins also available in Russian. The
VRWG‟s website is managed by Redress, a human rights organization that focuses on obtaining reparations for torture survivors.
                                                                                                                         [Author: I. Haight]




                                                                                                                                         11
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 5                                          Websites for October 26, 2009

Commonwealth @ 60: Serving a New Generation
        URL: http://www.thecommonwealth.org/
        The Commonwealth, dating from the 1870s, is a voluntary association of 53 countries that span the globe. These countries were once
        colonies of the British Empire. In 1867, Canada became the first to change its status to a “Dominion”, which implied equality with
        Britain. Other major colonies followed suit over the years with increasing recognition from Britain. In 1949, the Modern Commonwealth
        began when India became a republic and the London Declaration formally allowed republics to maintain membership while
        acknowledging King George VI as Head of the Commonwealth. Today‟s member states are found in Africa, the Caribbean, the
        Americas, Europe, Asia, and the South Pacific. The Commonwealth “believes that the best democracies are achieved through
        partnerships” and that member states are united by “democracy, freedom, peace, the rule of law and opportunity for all.” The website
        provides a plethora of information about the Commonwealth, its history, and its member states. Consult the Who We Are tab for
        extensive background on the Commonwealth, its organization, mission and function. The timeline provides a concise review of the
        historical events and developments that have led to the existence of today‟s Commonwealth. Also, each member state is profiled, and
        users can gain key facts for each country, as well as geographic, political, economic, and societal information. Other resources available
        include Commonwealth documents, communiqués, speeches, and declarations. For anyone researching the Commonwealth, the site is a
        bonanza.
                                                                                                                               [Author: M. Morrison]
Hip Hop Law.Com
        URL: http://hiphoplaw.blogspot.com/
        Hip Hop Law.Com was launched in spring 2009 by Pamela D. Bridgewater, Professor at American University College of Law, in
        conjunction with andré douglas pond cummings, Professor at West Virginia University College of Law, and Brian Welch, a third year
        student at West Virginia University College of Law. The purpose of this blog is to apply critical legal theory to issues that affect the Hip
        Hop Nation, a rather unique and interesting lens through which to view the law. The blog includes postings of song lyrics, thoughts on
        current events, critiques of legal writings, and analysis of legal issues faced by those in and around the Hip Hop culture. The scope of the
        site is broad with no one issue serving as a focus and includes much original content by the listed contributors. The postings are current
        occurring from one to six times per week and the legal writings appear to be accurate. The pages are organized in the way most blogs are
        organized with the postings in the middle, most recent on top and the biographies and archives on the left side panel but there is no right
        hand column; the postings go to the right hand side of the screen. There is a basic search feature that allows searches of words or phrases
        but advanced searching is not available. The homepage contains about two months' worth of posts with access to archives going back to
        the week of February 22, 2009 that is easily available on the left hand side of the home page. The site also includes links to biographies
        for each of the contributors, and with 13 regular contributors and five guest contributors representing many law schools throughout the
        country, this endeavor appears to have strong support from the law school community. On the home page there is a link to Twitter but
        clicking through leads to tweets of blog posts on the main site with no original tweets. The blog has a professional appearance and is free
        of charge to anyone who accesses the site. One area of criticism about the site is that in the beginning, the posts were authored by a mix
        of the posted contributors but over the past two months, one author has predominated which could perhaps be explained by the typical
        college/university calendar. With the new academic year, the activity level and mix of contributions could change again. This is a new
        blog that is working to bring what appears to be a unique perspective to the law and it will be interesting to watch as it develops.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: C. Brown]
International Bar Association's Global Competition Forum (GCF)
        URL: http://www.globalcompetitionforum.org/
        The Global Competition Forum website was created by the International Bar Association in 1991 to facilitate their work with the
        International Competition Network (http://www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org/). The site‟s function is to further international
        discourse by providing a place to collect, develop, and distribute information regarding competition policy. In so doing, the Global
        Forum hopes to “act as a catalyst for change” and ultimately harmonize conflicting legal systems. From the site‟s homepage, visitors may
        click on a geographic region to be connected to an alphabetical list of that region‟s countries. Each country‟s name serves as a link to a
        current, well-organized source of that country‟s competition laws. To the extent that information is available, each country‟s outline
        includes an overview, legislation, selected cases, guidelines, forms, treaties, news reports, Global Forum annual reports, press releases,
        and links to other competition authority websites. Each category in turn provides links to PDF copies of documents, in English, and
        frequently, in the vernacular. If information is not available regarding a particular country‟s competition laws, then the site will indicate
        that this so; however, other relevant information, such as treaties, will still be provided. The site provides extensive access to not only the
        text of laws, but also commentary by world-renowned experts in all facets of competition law, together with links to other competition
        authorities and interested international organizations. A tab at the top of the homepage also provides access to copies of the papers,
        reports, and speeches of the International Competition Network itself. The site is well organized and logically arranged, but it would do
        well to add a search engine to provide an additional method of accessing its wealth of resources.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]




                                                                                                                                                    12
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 6                                          Websites for November 9, 2009

Enforcement & Compliance History Online (ECHO)
        URL: http://www.epa-echo.gov/echo/
        The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for maintaining the Enforcement and Compliance History Online (ECHO)
        website as a source of information about action taken by the EPA for the past three to five years, depending on the data being viewed.
        The EPA worked with states to develop ECHO and determine how the information is presented on the site. The site provides an online
        location for information that has been traditionally available through freedom of information requests. The data on the site is updated
        monthly and includes information posted to EPA‟s databases. However, the information can take some time to reach the database so the
        result is that the data from an inspection, for example, could take two or three months to reach the ECHO site. The site includes
        information that is required to be collected and maintained by the following statutes: Clean Air Act (CAA) Stationary Source Program,
        Clean Water Act (CWA) National Pollutant Elimination Discharge System (NPDES), and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
        (RCRA). It includes links to some state databases that may contain additional environmental data. It‟s not clear whether those states not
        included don‟t have such a website or simply did not provide a direct link to their site to ECHO. As for the state links that are provided,
        many of these take a long time to open and some of the links are broken. The site also contains links to various EPA sites and other US
        governmental sites that contain environmental information. Those links work well. ECHO does contain original content and there are
        very detailed search engines for the various databases on the site. The site is easy to navigate and user-friendly for even the most
        computer-challenged, although those familiar with the statutes covered will no doubt find it more useful than the average citizen.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: C. Brown]
ExecutedToday.com
        URL: http://www.executedtoday.com/
        A blog begun in October 2007, ExecutedToday recounts each day an execution that took place on that same date in history. Posts often
        contain snippets of film, letters, witness accounts, artwork, photographs, and even pop culture. Topics range from war and domestic
        criminals to pirates, individuals who offended Roman emperors, and victims of colonial expansion. The author‟s anti-death-penalty
        stance is evident. The identity of the author(s) is unknown, and readers should not assume that the site is authoritative. Previous posts are
        archived. Readers who wish to review the most recent posts can click on the “archives” tab in the horizontal menu to access a visually
        appealing display. Readers interested in older posts can use the dropdown menu in the sidebar and the calendar feature to select the
        month and day they wish to view. Because the author supplies subject tags for each entry, readers can use the handy dropdown menu of
        categories in the sidebar to browse for previous posts. Categories include geographic location, manner of death, reason for execution,
        and time period. Use the search box below the dropdown categories list to locate posts containing specific keywords. Links to an eclectic
        array of Web sites, among them death penalty, crime, and history sites, are available in the “links” tab in the horizontal menu. Readers
        can also subscribe to the RSS feed, leave comments, email the author, and add a widget containing ExecutedToday‟s current post to their
        Web sites or blogs. ExecutedToday is an intriguing place to spend a few minutes or a few hours. It will be interesting to see how long the
        blog continues with daily entries.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: I. Haight]
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Digital Collection
        URL: http://www.law.harvard.edu/library/special/exhibits/digital/owh-dig
        ital-col.html
        Considered the second greatest U.S. Supreme Court Justice of all time by a 1971 Life Magazine poll, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (1841-
        1935), is remembered as much for being “the Great Dissenter” in cases such as Lochner v. New York as he is for crisp, witty writing.
        (The Oxford Dictionary of American Legal Quotations quotes Holmes more than any other person.) Holmes is less known, however, for
        his lengthy military service during the Civil War (he was wounded three times) and for his family life. Harvard Law School, Holmes‟
        alma mater, is providing access to these more obscure parts of Holmes‟ life by digitizing its entire collection of material associated with
        Holmes and making the images available online to the public. Harvard completed Phase I of the project in March 2009, digitizing
        documents related to Holmes‟ military service (including letters, a scrapbook, and a diary), photographs and artwork of Holmes and his
        family, Holmes‟ personal annotated copy of his influential book The Common Law, and personal objects such as Holmes‟ military
        uniform, desk, and death mask. Phase II, which does not yet have a release date, will include additional manuscripts and an interpretive
        Web exhibit. You must click on one of the hyperlinked collections on the home page (such as the scrapbook) in order to access features
        such as Help and Search. The images are fairly easy to navigate using the viewer, but the Help option at the top right of the screen
        provides instructions. The Search feature allows very specific searching, but note that it will search across all of Harvard‟s visual
        resources unless you limit by repository. For non-manuscript material, use the tabs below the menu bar to change your view of the
        images. The Grid/Text View offers the most descriptive information, while the List and Grid views permit you to see more images at
        once. For unbound manuscript material like letters, click on + to view the documents contained in each folder. A nice feature is the
        ability to download a PDF of selected images by clicking on Printable Version. You can also create your own collection by saving
        images to the default portfolio or to a portfolio you name, which you can download or email. This site is a nice resource for anyone
        interested in the life of one of our great jurists.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: I. Haight]




                                                                                                                                                   13
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 7                                                            Websites for November 23, 2009

AWID: Association for Women's Rights in Development
        URL: http://www.awid.org/
        Composed of women and men from throughout the world, the Association for Women‟s Rights in Development (AWID) is a dynamic
        membership organization whose mission is to advance the rights of women by providing a global platform from which advocates may
        project their individual and collective voices. AWID places the role of women‟s rights within the greater context of improving the
        condition of the world as a whole by subscribing to the principle that without women‟s rights, there can be no remedy for poverty, war,
        discrimination or disease. The website itself assists in exposing the forces that undermine women‟s rights, while also working to “create
        and disseminate capacity-building resources and strategies that can strengthen the overall impact of women‟s rights advocates
        worldwide.” In furtherance of this goal, AWID offers many relevant publications, including articles, journals, handbooks and toolkits.
        Located under the Tools tab at the top of their webpage (at this time, it appears that both the Tools tab and the Issues and Analysis tab
        take visitors to the same information), the publications are organized by topic, region, AWID initiative, and by type of content. Topical
        categories include Age, Aid Effectiveness, Civil and Political Rights, Democracy, Disability, and Economic, Social, and Cultural rights,
        among many others. Regional categories include Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, Latin America, North America, the Middle East,
        and the Pacific region. Many of the publications span more than one region. AWID initiatives include fundraising, resisting and
        challenging religious fundamentalism, building feminist organizations and movements, influencing development actors and practice for
        women‟s rights, and young feminist activism. Practical content categories include issue guides, practical guides, tools, and case studies.
        All publications are free of charge, and nearly all are available in searchable PDF format. The best feature of the site is that most of its
        content, including the individual publications, are available in Spanish and French, as well as English. All topics are populated with html
        summaries and some include links to other relevant websites. A well-functioning search feature is available at the top of each page for
        searching the overall site, and an additional search feature is available for searching within individual categories. Visitors to the site may
        subscribe to receive e-news pertaining to announcements, news, and job openings, among other items. E-news is available only in
        English.
                                                                                                                                [Author: A. Emerson]
Congressional Documents Online
        URL: http://lawlibrary.rutgers.edu/gdoc/search.shtml
        Congressional Documents Online provides an extensive selection of United States Congressional documents to the public in digital
        format. Taken from the Rutgers-Camden School of Law collection, the archive includes full text Hearings and Committee Prints from
        the 1970s to 1998. As of this writing, there are 9273 documents available through the site. More material is regularly being added as it is
        digitized over the next several years. The archive may be accessed by browsing a listing of documents organized by Library of Congress
        control number (LCCN), or by searching the text of the collection. A useful “help” option is available featuring several search examples
        to provide assistance in forming the most effective queries possible. Documents are available without charge in PDF format, and because
        the page lengths of documents are extensive, there is a helpful feature that allows users to choose whether to move directly to a specific
        page within a document, or to download the entire document at once. Although the site is clearly a work in progress, it has made an
        excellent start to what promises to be a valuable online collection in the future.
                                                                                                                                [Author: A. Emerson]
Crimes of War Project
        URL: http://crimesofwar.org/
        The Crimes of War Project was established in 1999 as a private, non-profit corporation. A collaborative effort of journalists, lawyers,
        and scholars, the Project is “dedicated to raising public awareness of the laws of war and their application to situations of conflict.”
        Funded by gifts and the financial support of philanthropic organizations, the Project seeks to promote understanding of international
        humanitarian law with the ultimate goal of bringing pressure to bear to prevent violations of law and to punish those who do violate the
        law. The website provides extensive content organized into several components. A centerpiece of the site is the A-Z Guide. This guide is
        an online version of the Project‟s important book, Crimes of War: What the Public Should Know. The full-text articles from the revised
        edition are reproduced and listed alphabetically. The text helps users learn what crimes are prohibited by international humanitarian law
        and contextualizes them in modern conflicts. Two other components providing significant content are Regions and Themes and the
        Special Features area. Under Regions and Themes, users will find numerous articles categorized by the region and country to which they
        pertain. So, under Iraq, users will find pieces on Haditha, Zarqawi, and the trial of Saddam Hussein. Broader themes are filed under
        International Law and International Justice. The Special Features section provides expert analysis, photo essays and illustrations, and
        reviews. Compelling and disturbing, the photo essays cover the major humanitarian crises of recent times, including Sudan, Rwanda,
        East Timor, Cambodia, Sierra Leone, and Kosovo. For researchers working in international humanitarian law, the site is well worth a
        visit.
                                                                                                                               [Author: M. Morrison]
NCRP: National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy
        URL: http://www.ncrp.org/
        The National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy (NCRP) describes itself as an independent watchdog for the nation‟s foundations.
        The purpose of the organization is to “promote… philanthropy that serves the public good, is responsive to people and communities with
        the least wealth and opportunity, and is held accountable to the highest standards of openness and integrity.” The focus is narrow and the
        topics currently covered are accountability and transparency, good grantmaking, and funding for marginalized communities. The work of

                                                                                                                                                   14
NCRP includes research into the topics mentioned; preparing publications for use by philanthropic organizations and advocating for
government oversight and changing legislation to keep pace with the changing philanthropic environment. The website is effective in
presenting their issues and is well organized with tabs for primary sections along the top, menu items along the left side of most pages
and a simple search feature at the top of every page. The "Publications" section of the site features reports produced by NCRP, which
may be purchased in hard copy or, in most cases, downloaded for free. One intriguing title is "Learning from Madoff: Lessons for
Foundation Boards," published in June 2009. Time-sensitive information such as the "News Room" and "Events" sections, and the
NCRP blog, are all kept current. Blog readers may subscribe to an RSS feed; readers can also sign up for email updates. This site is
valuable for those concerned about the effective use of philanthropy and charitable organizations.
                                                                                                                         [Author: C. Brown]




                                                                                                                                        15
         InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 8                                         Websites for December 7, 2009

Collaborative Justice
        URL: http://www.collaborativejustice.org/
        Collaborative Justice is a website that provides information to help stakeholders in the criminal justice system — everyone from judges
        to defense attorneys, probation officers to community organizations, veterans groups to victims‟ advocates — work together to reduce
        crime and improve the criminal justice system. The site is administered by the Center for Effective Public Policy, a non-profit dedicated
        to helping government criminal justice agencies serve the public more effectively. The site provides numerous resources on
        collaboration, including definitions, assessment tools, bibliographies, links, and tips. The General Resources section is particularly useful
        because it provides a couple of resources discussing collaboration in the justice system specifically. Also useful are the three case studies
        provided at the end of the section on Project Products. The case studies point out clearly the challenges and pitfalls of collaborative
        work. Most of the information on the site is general, however, and it likely will not help would-be collaborators work through the nitty-
        gritty difficulties of team building. Nevertheless, Collaborative Justice could be helpful in the very preliminary stages of a project.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: I. Haight]
Constitutional Council
        URL: http://www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/conseil-constitutionnel/engli
        sh/homepage.14.html
        Since 2007, the French Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council) has made a concerted effort to provide many of its decisions in
        English. Recently, it unveiled a new English version of its website to make these decisions readily accessible online. Visitors to the site
        will find samples of well-translated case law organized under a variety of topics of global importance. Also provided are a copy of the
        French Constitution and a thorough synopsis of the composition of the Conseil constitutionnel, together with references to the basic texts
        that support it. All documents are provided in clean, searchable PDF format, and some PDF‟s supply multiple texts. The site further
        provides photographs and professional biographies of the members of the Conseil constitutionnel. The procedure for making referrals for
        review of statutes is outlined meticulously through a prominent link. Overall, the English site is attractive, well organized, and easy to
        navigate. Its nascent features require some time to mature, such as the FAQs, which currently point to French pages. Similarly, English
        language queries entered in the search feature are presently greeted with, “Nous vous remercions de votre compréhension.” However,
        there are indications that the site intends to continue developing, and it is well worth watching as it does so. Already, there are also
        Dutch, Spanish, and Italian versions available.
                                                                                                                                [Author: A. Emerson]
Drug Industry Document Archive
        URL: http://dida.library.ucsf.edu/
        The Drug Industry Document Archive is a collaborative effort of the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) Library and two
        UCSF faculty members, Drs Seth Landefeld, MD and Michael Steinman, MD. (The UCSF Library also provides the Tobacco Control
        Archives annotated in InSITE vol. 10, no. 18). While the project has grown over the years, it has its roots as an archive of the documents
        pertaining to the United States of America ex rel. David Franklin v. Parke-Davis, Division of Warner-Lambert litigation. In a matter that
        garnered significant attention, David Franklin, a former employee of Parke-Davis, alleged that the company had violated federal law by
        systematically marketing the drug Neurontin for uses that were not approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The drug was being
        pushed as effective for a variety of types of pain, migraine headaches, and bipolar disorder. Landefeld and Steinman, as unpaid expert
        witnesses for Franklin, submitted a report to the court on the marketing practices for Neurontin and the impact these practices had on
        physician prescribing. Other documents from the case were obtained from the court and plaintiff‟s law firm. The website makes these
        documents and many others available. Four additional companies are covered by the archive: Merck, Pfizer, Warner-Lambert, and
        Wyeth. Users of the site may browse by document type or search the archive. Document types include affidavits, brochures, diagrams, e-
        mails, legal briefs, memos, and marketing reports. The memos are quite interesting as they reveal the inner workings of the drug
        companies represented. Memos available include those that detail marketing goals for Neurontin and ones that discuss plans for the
        Merck anti-inflammatory drug, Vioxx. Users may do simple searching, but field searching is also supported. Fields available include,
        author, document type, date, exhibit number, metadata, and recipient.
                                                                                                                               [Author: M. Morrison]
Nieman Watchdog: Questions the Press Should Ask
        URL: http://www.niemanwatchdog.org/
        Developed by the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University, Nieman Watchdog seeks to encourage informed reporting
        by providing a forum for experts in various fields to post background information, opinions, and suggested questions for journalists to
        ask on current news topics. Nieman Watchdog supplements this information with a blog and links to other journalism websites and
        resources. The site targets journalists, though it also serves as an excellent resource for anyone seeking more information on news topics.
        The site content is generally presented such that those unfamiliar with a topic can quickly gain a basic understanding, while those already
        familiar with the topic can further their knowledge. Users can navigate the site using the menu across the top. While the interface is
        aesthetically pleasing, the profusion of information confronting the user can be overwhelming. Consequently, users seeking information
        on a particular topic may wish to start with the Hot Topics or Index menus found on the home page at the bottom right-hand corner.
        These menus serve as quick links to content on the listed topics. Users can alternatively use the Google search function provided on each
        page for searching across the site. The “Ask This” and “Commentary” sections contain the bulk of the site content. Experts post
        background information and suggested questions for journalists to ask on current news topics in the “Ask This” section, while
                                                                                                                                                   16
“Commentary” articles consist of expert opinions on news topics. All entries in these two sections provide the expert‟s email address
should users wish to contact that person for further information. Users can also post comments to the expert content after registering at
the site. Additional site features include a link to Nieman Watchdog‟s Twitter feed, an RSS feed for the Watchdog Blog, and an option
to subscribe to the Nieman Watchdog newsletter via email.
                                                                                                                       [Author: G. Corey]




                                                                                                                                      17
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 9                                          Websites for December 21, 2009

Introduction to the United States Tax Court
        URL: http://www.ustaxcourt.gov/ustc_video_welcome.htm
        "An Introduction to the United States Tax Court" is a video tool produced by the U.S. Tax Court, which has the primary purpose of
        preparing those who intend to represent themselves before the Court to best present their case, though it also serves as a useful reference
        for anyone seeking information about the Tax Court case process. Two narrators lead the viewer through seven video segments, which
        detail the life of a Tax Court case. Part One describes the processes that can lead to a Tax Court filing. Part Two provides a brief
        introduction to the Court and introduces useful terms. Part Three covers the logistics of how to file a petition with the Court and what
        happens after the filing of a petition. Part Four covers the pretrial process, including settlement options. Part Five covers the trial itself,
        illustrated largely through a mock trial. Part Six covers post-trial settlement and appeal options, and the procedures followed when the
        petitioner either wins or loses their case. Part Seven provides a brief list of best practices for petitioners in a Tax Court case and
        concludes with the Court‟s contact information. The narrators present the information at a level comprehensible by the legal layperson,
        and the videos intersperse shots of the narrators talking with on-screen text, graphics, and mock trial segments, all of which aid
        comprehension. The site plays the videos in an embedded Adobe Flash Player, available free at Adobe‟s website for users who do not
        already have the player installed. The player provides play, pause, stop, and full-screen buttons, and allows the user to select any point in
        the videos using the video timeline. Captions are also available for all video segments and can be turned on or off with the “CC” button
        at the bottom of the player. Users can select those video segments that they would like to view by clicking on the menu to the left of the
        video player. To the right of the player is a list of relevant links, which change to reflect the currently selected video. These links direct
        the user to more information on the currently selected topic, as well as court rules and forms.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: G. Corey]
Legal History: The Year Books
        URL: http://www.bu.edu/phpbin/lawyearbooks/search.php
        David Seipp, a law professor at Boston University, created an index for all printed English Year Books and many alphabetical
        abridgments for the years 1268-1535. The Year Books contain the case law of early England organized by regnal year (year of the
        English sovereign's reign) and show the development of the common law. In addition to improving the ability to search for cases, the
        index contains value-added features such as commentary and paraphrase in English and language notes — helpful as the Year Books
        were written primarily in Latin and Law French. Images of Year Book pages are available for some entries. The search function is quite
        sophisticated, allowing users to search broadly or according to specific fields, such as the parties‟ first and last names, regnal year, court,
        writ, places, statute, and plea roll. The website also contains a list of old printed editions of the Year Books, a table of Year Book
        abridgements, a list of manuscripts containing case reports that were later printed in a Year Book (all reports first circulated in
        manuscript form and were not printed until later), and a bibliography of articles and books through 1999 that either discuss the Year
        Books or rely on them as a source. Seipp‟s website offers a wealth of information in an accessible format. Researchers new to early
        English legal resources will be better equipped to use the site by obtaining some familiarity with the Year Books and early English legal
        history in addition to the information provided on the site before diving into the index.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
POW/MIA Databases & Documents
        URL: http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/powmia-home.html
        POW/MIA Databases & Documents is part of the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. This site contains five
        databases of materials related to POWs and MIAs lost in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War and in the former U.S.S.R. during
        World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Cold War. The McCain Bill, enacted by Congress in 1991, requires that the
        Secretary of Defense provide public access to all information related to the search for POWs and MIAs. The largest database is the
        Vietnam-Era Prisoner-of-War/Missing-in-Action Database, which contains over 150,000 records. Records are quite varied but include
        memos, newspaper articles, casualty documentation records, and statements. The search interface is basic and only provides the option to
        include word variants in your search or search for exact word matches. You can also browse the updated casualty list by last name. This
        database provides support material as well. The Summary Reports link provides access to the Vietnam-Era Unaccounted for Statistical
        Reports prepared between 1997 and 2001. Researchers can also access the full text of the McCain Bill, the U.S. Army‟s report on the
        My Lai Massacre, and the Estimative Products on Vietnam, which is a chronological listing of U.S. intelligence and analysis of the
        situation in Southeast Asia prior to and during the Vietnam War. Other available databases include the United States-Russia Joint
        Commission on POWs and MIAs (USRJC) and the Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office Joint Commission Support Division
        Archival Documents Databases, containing 217 records obtained from the files of the former U.S.S.R. and translated into English; the
        USRJC Veteran Interview Database, containing interviews with Soviet veterans of World War II, the Korean War, the Cold War, and
        the Vietnam War; the Gulag Study Support Documents Database of reported sightings of MIAs and accounts of POWs transferred to the
        U.S.S.R. (the reports of the Gulag Study are also available); and the Wringer Collection of interviews conducted by the U.S. Air Force
        with former German and Japanese POWs incarcerated in the U.S.S.R. after World War II. The U.S. has held back information in these
        document collections not relating to MIAs and POWs, in addition to documents that have not been released in accordance with the
        families‟ wishes. Many documents that were available only on microfiche are now available in PDF or TIFF format online. A caveat: the
        quality of many images is poor. This site offers an inside glimpse into U.S. and U.S.S.R. military efforts in Asia, but more importantly, it
        reminds us of the POWs and MIAs who never came home.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
                                                                                                                                                     18
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 10                                                    Websites for January 11, 2010

ProPublica: Journalism in the Public Interest
        URL: http://www.propublica.org/
        ProPublica is an “independent, non-profit newsroom that produces investigative journalism in the public interest.” It is a 501 (c) (3)
        organization and the majority of its funds are provided by foundations which are listed on a page on the site. Paul Steiger leads
        ProPublica with Managing Editor Stephen Engleberg (bother are former managing editors at traditional newspapers) and a staff of 32
        journalists who write original content for the organization. The scope of the site is broad, covering any topic that meets its goal to
        “shine… a light on exploitation of the weak by the strong and on the failures of those with power to vindicate the trust placed in them.”
        Each page on the site has a basic search feature at the top and a list of currently hot topics that occasionally change. The home page is
        updated daily with articles on new topics and new additions to existing articles. It also has a section for ongoing investigations and
        investigations being done by other entities. The site is free of charge to view articles and users can also subscribe to the site to receive
        top stories by e-mail every day. The site is easy to navigate and there are no special features requiring specific programs or special
        features. In addition to the original content, there are some items that are either produced in conjunction with another organization, or
        done entirely by another organization and links to articles from other sources are also available. Users are encouraged to copy the
        articles on the site as long as they make proper attribution to ProPublica. The site is only available in English but the page that addresses
        the details about copying the articles is available in other languages. This site is useful for people wanting to stay on top of news in the
        U.S.
                                                                                                                                       [Author: C. Brown]
Trans-Lex.org Law Research
        URL: http://trans-lex.org/
        As the notion of free access to law grows rapidly in popularity, the Center for Transnational Law (CENTRAL) at the University of
        Cologne, Germany, has introduced a new website designed to provide global access to transnational law. The first of its kind, Trans-Lex
        provides HTML versions of the law in searchable and browsable formats. It contains the black letter text of more than 120 principles and
        rules of transnational law, together with full text references to domestic statutes, legal doctrine, uniform law instruments, court decisions,
        and arbitral awards. An alphabetical bibliography is provided with hyperlinks to full text copies of documents available within the site.
        The Trans-Lex Materials category includes domestic statutes, international conventions, model laws, restatements and more. In addition
        to the text of law itself, the site also provides a collection of links to outside relevant sites. A search feature is available at the start page
        and at the top of each successive page. A unique system of Boolean search connectors is available, or searchers may choose to filter their
        queries by the section of the website most likely to contain their results, by type of document, by language, or by names of particular
        individuals, such as parties, authors or judges. Every document is provided a six-digit Trans-Lex Document ID number. The site
        recommends that this number be used when citing to a Trans-Lex document, as it may be later used to retrieve that document via the
        DocID-search option. An extensive list of common abbreviations is available to assist researchers in their understanding of transnational
        research, and regular updates are provided through Twitter. Although the site is managed by a team of experts who make every effort to
        provide quality material, they take care to remind the public that no assurance or warranty is provided regarding the accuracy or
        completeness of the materials contained in the site. Instead, they strive to create a “free research and codification platform” by means of
        a website whose simple interface belies the extensive content contained therein.
                                                                                                                                    [Author: A. Emerson]
Universal Declaration of Human Rights: an Historical Record of the Drafting Process
        URL: http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/udhr/
        More than 60 years ago, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at its third session in
        Paris on December 10, 1948. Noted as the most translated document in the world, the Declaration was a response to the experience of
        World War II. Now, the UN‟s Dag Hammarskjold Library and the Library of the UN Office at Geneva offer a joint digitization project
        to provide background on the creation of the Declaration. Through the site, the libraries are providing access to documentation of the
        Declaration‟s drafting process. The drafting was done by UN delegates from 1946-1948. The site presents the documents in
        chronological order, categorized by year and then by body. In turn, under each of these, the site provides background on what that body
        did during meetings that occurred during the year. Links are then provided to “sessional documentation” including documents, meeting
        records, and reports and actions, all in PDF. For example, under 1946, users will find entries for the Nuclear Commission (the
        Preparatory Committee created by the Economic and Social Council) and the Economic and Social Council. Users can then access, in
        English or French, the various materials created by the Commission or Council at their meetings in 1946. Sample documents include a
        statement of essential human rights and a report of the sub-commission on the status of women. An extensive set of documents is
        provided from all three years, 1946-1948. The collection is finalized with Resolution 217 (III), which adopted the Declaration.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                                       19
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 11                                                  Websites for January 25, 2010

Caselaw.Cognition
        URL: http://caselaw.cognition.com/
        Cognition, a privately held corporation, developed and patented the Semantic Natural Language Processing (NLP) technology that aims
        to improve search by improving computers‟ ability to “understand” language. English words often have multiple meanings, and humans
        identify the correct meaning of a word from its context. Natural language search results will be more relevant (higher precision) and
        more complete (better recall) when the search engine understands the individual words of the query in context. Semantic NLP is based
        upon a Semantic Map (an ontology), which encodes in machine-readable language a massive amount of information about the English
        language, including the meanings of words, their morphologies (i.e. singular and plural forms), syntactic features, and contextual
        relationships. When a user inputs search terms into an engine running Semantic NLP, the Cognition Parser analyzes the grammar of the
        sentence and matches search terms against Cognition‟s Semantic Map in an effort to obtain the user‟s intended meaning of the words
        from their context. Alongside the search results, Cognition displays the meaning of each word in the query based upon its contextual
        analysis; users can select a different meaning from a dropdown menu if the meaning is incorrect. Semantic NLP is a commercial
        technology that corporations can license for application in their search engines. Cognition has also applied its technology to four free
        databases available on its Web site—the text of the four Gospels from Net Bible, Wikipedia, Medline, and federal and U.S. Supreme
        Court decisions since 1950 from Public.Resource.org entitled Caselaw.Cognition. Caselaw.Cognition accurately analyzed all the search
        terms I entered and retrieved relevant results. No search engine is perfect for legal research of course—results may discuss the user‟s
        topic only parenthetically and don‟t help the user determine the significant cases for the development of the law. Nevertheless,
        Caselaw.Cognition is a strong tool for searching federal case law, with the added bonus that it is freely available. In addition to natural
        language searching, Cognition also supports the use of many Boolean terms, which are detailed in the “Help” section. Semantic NLP is
        currently available with LexisNexis Concordance and Merrill Lextranet, two commercial e-discovery and litigation management tools.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
Court of Restitution Appeals Reports
        URL: http://www.law.harvard.edu/library/special/exhibits/digital/court-o
        f-restitutions-appeals-reports.html
        The Allied governments during World War II recognized that the Nazi party was forcing many people to give up their property under
        duress, often taking extensive measures to make the transactions appear legal. In response, the Allies issued the London Declaration on
        January 5, 1943, stating that they “reserve[d] all their rights to declare invalid any transfers of, or dealings with, property, rights and
        interests” in Nazi occupied countries. After the war, the United States, France, and Britain each passed different legislation governing
        the restitution of property taken under the Nazi regime. The United States established the Court of Restitution Appeals as a court of last
        resort for restitution cases. The Supreme Restitution Court Third Division succeeded the Court of Restitution Appeals in 1955. The
        decisions of these two courts and other related documents (e.g., court rules) comprise twelve volumes, which Harvard Law School
        Library has digitized and made available to the public. The text is in both English and German. The collection‟s home page provides a
        detailed table of contents for each of the twelve volumes with links to content by section (e.g. the cover section, full text of opinions,
        general index, etc.). Find cases using the subject index provided for each volume (the indices are not cumulative), by case name in the
        “Reported Cases Listed Alphabetically” section of each volume, or with a full-text search. Users are limited to searching within one of
        three aggregations: Volume I, Volumes II-V, and Volumes VI-XII; users cannot search all twelve volumes at once or Volume VII only.
        To search, click on the link to one of the three aggregations listed at the end of the introduction to the collection, or click on any link in
        the table of contents for a volume within the aggregate you want to search. These links take you to Harvard Library‟s Page Delivery
        Service, where you can access search by clicking on the Search tab on the far left of the top navigation bar. There is no advanced search
        option, but users can use Boolean operators (and, or, not), the proximity locator “near” to find terms within 100 words of each other,
        search for phrases using quotation marks, and use the wildcard symbol *. Page Delivery Service allows users to convert images to PDF
        format for convenient printing and downloading. Click on the Help tab for more instructions on using Page Delivery Service. The digital
        images are high quality. The Related Links tab contains only links to the cataloging records for the collection, but the collection home
        page contains links to some supplementary material, such as the text of the London Declaration. Researchers interested in restitution, the
        laws of war, and Nazi atrocities will benefit from this highly accessible collection.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
Haymarket Affair Digital Collection
        URL: http://www.chicagohistory.org/hadc/index.html
        The Haymarket Affair Digital Collection, an offering of the Chicago Historical Society, brings to life an important moment in the history
        of both Chicago and the American labor movement. In May 1886, a crowd gathered in Chicago to protest the killing, by police, of two
        laborers during a confrontation the previous day. A large group of police officers intervened to break up the protest and, as they ordered
        the crowd to disperse, a bomb was thrown toward the officers ultimately killing seven of them. Numerous political radicals were arrested
        and, ultimately, eight were found guilty of murder with four being executed. Scholars today find the legal proceedings in the matter to be
        tainted with prejudice against the views of the defendants and the labor movement generally. The site is composed of several sections
        that provide historical background and many primary source documents. The Chronology provides a concise recounting of events from
        May 1, 1886 when coordinated strikes were held to demand the eight-hour workday to June 26, 1893 when three of the defendants were
        finally pardoned. Another section of the site provides an interesting explanation of the evidence used by historians to document the
        affair. As the site states, “Most of what remains from the Haymarket Affair are documents and artifacts that some citizens decided . . .
                                                                                                                                                     20
ought to be preserved as part of the enduring narrative of the event.” The collection itself contains images of trial documents,
manuscripts, artifacts, broadsides, photographs, engravings, and other items. Items of particular interest include witness testimony, trial
exhibits, Chicago police reports, the national eight-hour law proclamation, and photographs of the defendants. Overall, the site provides
users with a significant resource in researching American labor history.
                                                                                                                       [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                         21
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 12                                                  Websites for February 8, 2010

Avon Global Center for Women and Justice at Cornell Law School: Legal Resources
        URL: http://www.lawschool.cornell.edu/womenandjustice/legalresources/ind
        ex.cfm
        Based at Cornell Law School, the Avon Global Center for Women and Justice provides an international forum for judiciary,
        governments, and civil society to work together to promote justice for women and girls who have been the target of gender-based
        violence. Four major initiatives serve to further the Center‟s mission: undertaking clinical projects; providing legal research assistance
        for judges; developing online legal resources and a discussion forum; and organizing and hosting an annual conference and other
        substantive events. The Center‟s new and rapidly expanding legal resources database provides free access to treaties and other
        international and regional documents, as well as case law from around the world relating to gender-based violence. Notably, the cases
        selected for the website focus on gender-based violence, are vetted for relevance and substance, and are supplemented with a concise
        summary of each decision‟s significance. The database is well populated with English versions of treaties, statutes, cases, and many
        other international, regional and domestic documents in PDF format. A search feature is available for keyword, topical or regional
        queries, and well-constructed summaries accompany the materials gathered within each topic. Researchers who visit the site will find the
        online library to be readily accessible and growing rapidly with relevant, authoritative materials. The site also hosts a discussion forum in
        which registered users may participate in the exchange of information intended to improve access to justice for women and girls. Judges
        may additionally register for a closed judges-only email list and individual research/project assistance.
                                                                                                                                  [Author: A. Emerson]
Foreign Lobbying Influence Tracker
        URL: http://www.foreignlobbying.org/
        Foreign Lobbying Influence Tracker (“Tracker”) is the joint project of two non-profit organizations, the Sunlight Foundation and
        ProPublica (both previously annotated in InSITE), to digitize and make available select information from filings made pursuant to the
        Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA). Congress passed FARA in 1938 as a reaction to Nazi agents in the United States who
        attempted to influence public opinion with propaganda. FARA requires agents working in the U.S. on behalf of foreign countries and
        organizations to file statements with the Department of Justice describing their activities. Agents-- usually lobbyists and law firms—must
        disclose, inter alia, their names, the names of the foreign entities they work for, the fees foreign entities paid them, political contributions
        made by the agent, and actions undertaken on behalf of the foreign entity, often including the names of legislators contacted and the
        topics of discussion (i.e., the contact issues). The Department of Justice makes this information available on its website, but researchers
        have to sort through individual filings in non-searchable PDF format to gather the information, while Tracker has aggregated the
        information and made it available in dropdown menus organized by country, legislator, clients (which includes countries but also foreign
        entities such as trade organizations and tourism boards), lobbying firms, and contact issues. Users can download the information as a
        spreadsheet (CSV format). This project is impressive because the data had to be gathered from filings and then hand-keyed into a
        database. Unfortunately data is only available from late 2007 and calendar year 2008. Tracker also posts on its home page several
        interesting news stories that use FARA data.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
State Responses to Immigration: a Database of All State Legislation
        URL: http://www.migrationinformation.org/datahub/statelaws.cfm
        A useful and promising resource in the immigration debate, the State Responses to Immigration Database is a project of the Migration
        Policy Institute (MPI; annotated in InSITE vol. 9 no. 3), an independent think tank devoted “to analysis of the movement of people
        worldwide.” The database is part of MPI‟s Data Hub, which provides numbers, maps, and statistics on immigration, migration,
        immigrant integration, and refugee protection worldwide.The State Responses to Immigration Database, as part of the Data Hub, is a
        work-in-progress providing details of immigration-related legislative measures at the state level. Currently, the database holds bills and
        measures considered in the state houses in 2007. Additional data will be added to cover 2008 and the years back to 2001. Legislation in
        the database is classified in two ways: by subject and by a legislative typology developed by MPI. There are eighteen main subjects
        covering a broad range, including criminal justice, education, health care, identification, and voting. Several of the subjects are sub-
        divided into more specific topics. For example, education is sub-divided into enrollment denial, status information collection, in-state
        tuition, and English language instruction. The legislative typology categorizes bills on whether they expand or contract immigrant rights,
        regulate employment, or regulate law enforcement. At this time, searching can be done by subject or legislative typology, but not both.
        However, searches can be narrowed by geographic region or specific state. Search results include the bill number; the region, state, and
        year; the status of the bill; a synopsis; and the subject and type of regulation to which the bill is classed.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                                     22
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 13                                                  Websites for Febuary 22, 2010

Archive-It
        URL: http://www.archive-it.org/
        Archive-It is a project of Internet Archive (IA), a non-profit known for its Wayback Machine that allows users to look up older, archived
        versions of websites. Since 1996 IA has built an extensive Internet library by preserving digital copies of web pages. Despite its success,
        IA does not have the resources to archive the enormous amount of material currently online. IA created Archive-It to increase its ability
        to archive websites through partnerships with other institutions, including governments, universities, and libraries. Partner institutions
        select groups of webpages (collections) for Archive-It to preserve, and users can search or browse these collections on Archive-It‟s
        website. Collections vary, but examples include Iranian blogs (a Stanford University project), the Human Rights Documentation
        Initiative (University of Texas Libraries), and Canadian Labour Unions (University of Toronto). Collections may include dozens of
        websites or only one. Browsing the collections by topic or institution is easy, or users can perform a keyword search. The basic search
        allows users to search by partner institution or across all institutions. The advanced search feature (located on the top right of the search
        toolbar) allows you to search for an exact phrase, for multiple keywords, and to exclude words from your search. Collections are
        presented as a list of web URLs; clicking on the URL brings up a table showing when the Web site pertaining to that URL was archived.
        By clicking on the link, users can view the web page as it looked on that date. Some collections may be available from partner
        institution‟s websites. Archived websites are a valuable tool, allowing researchers to find information that may since have been taken
        down (sometimes by hostile governments) or to see how a page looked during a historical event or period. Institutions interested in
        creating a digital collection for a subscription fee can contact Archive-It on the website.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
Electronic Legal Resources on International Terrorism
        URL: https://www.unodc.org/tldb/
        The Electronic Legal Resources on International Terrorism site is an offering of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
        (UNODC). The Office was established in 1997 and is mandated to assist UN member states in their fight against illegal drugs, crime,
        and terrorism. International terrorism has been on UNDOC‟s agenda for many years and in 2002 the UN General Assembly expanded
        the activities of UNDOC‟s Terrorism Prevention Branch. These activities include making available “comprehensive and accurate legal
        information on the steps taken by the international community and individual countries in the fight against international terrorism.” The
        site fulfills this aim by providing full-text counter-terrorism conventions, resolutions, and criminal laws. It is organized into three
        components: International Legal Resources, National Legal Resources, and Additional Legal Resources. The International Resources
        section is divided into four parts. First, access is provided to the universal instruments relating to terrorism, including conventions on
        protection of aviation, nuclear material, and the taking of hostages. Second, users can access the UN resolutions on terrorism, Al Qaeda
        and Taliban sanctions, and weapons of mass destruction. A third part provides the conventions and other actions taken by regional
        organizations, including the African Union and the Organization of American States. A fourth part provides selected cases from the
        International Court of Justice, the European Court of Human Rights, and other tribunals. The National Resources section allows users to
        search both the laws and provisions that relate to the implementation of the various instruments against terrorism and relevant national
        judicial decisions. Searching is by keyword, country, and date. The Additional Legal Resources include model laws and treaties, a
        bibliography of journal articles, and a listing of other free case and legislative databases of interest.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: M. Morrison]
Hague Justice Portal
        URL: http://www.haguejusticeportal.net/
        Launched in 2006, the Hague Justice Portal (Portail Judiciaire de La Haye) was created by The Hague Academic Coalition to provide a
        virtual gateway to news, research materials, and general information pertaining to The Hague‟s role in international peace, justice, and
        security. Designed to improve access to the Hague courts and encourage academic debate, the portal‟s main projects include the Hague
        Justice Journal, the PCA Awards Project (with the Permanent Court of Arbitration), and the DomCLIC project (Domestic Jurisprudence
        on International Criminal Law). Much of the site is available in both English and French, with various pages also available in Dutch.
        Current news features are prominently displayed on the main webpage, and each news article is supplemented with bookmarks, email
        and other sharing tools. Beside the news articles appear links to additional materials provided by The Hague, including research files,
        court documents, news and commentary related to that particular news topic. The Academic Research portion of the website provides
        free access to a comprehensive collection of files compiled by The Hague and organized by region, topic, and courts and tribunals. For
        ease in browsing, regions are in turn divided into countries, and topics are in turn divided into sub-topics. The "Courts and tribunals"
        category includes not only each of the courts in The Hague, but international tribunals from all over the world as well. Individual
        materials are organized according to their nature and are primarily composed of publications, court documents, transcripts, fact sheets,
        press releases, news articles, and other miscellaneous materials. Although a search feature is not available for the Academic Research
        portion of the site, a well-functioning Google search feature is available for the website as a whole. A search on the topic of Charles
        Taylor produced a myriad of results, including PDF and html copies of court documents, copies of news articles and links to relevant
        websites. The site also offers access to the subscription-based Hague Justice Journal (Journal judicaire de la Haye). Offered in English
        and French, the Hague Justice Journal is a peer-reviewed publication designed to critically examine the development of international
        justice. As a supplement to its own publications, the site additionally provides links to other websites, including those of various law
        journals, governmental agencies and NGOs active in the international law and justice. Finally, in addition to their freely available

                                                                                                                                                     23
research materials, the portal also offers a forum for “Academic Communities” in which registered members may share information,
knowledge, documents, and libraries. Interested individuals can sign up by contacting the editorial board of the Hague Justice Portal.
                                                                                                                    [Author: A. Emerson]




                                                                                                                                     24
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 14                                                           Websites for March 8, 2010

AEI Reg-Markets.org
        URL: http://www.reg-markets.org/
        Designed to serve as the face of the AEI (American Enterprise Institute) Center for Regulatory and Market Studies, the Reg-Markets
        Center was established in 2008 to serve as an “independent voice in policy debates.” The Center‟s primary objective is to create a better
        understanding of the contribution that markets, laws and regulations make to economic well-being. Substantially furthering their goal is
        an extensive collection of regulatory impact analysis from the public, private and non-profit sectors. The Center‟s website provides
        access to two major databases of publications in this regard. The first includes analysis in the form of articles, working papers, and
        various studies pertaining to regulation. It is organized and cross-referenced by topic, author, type and date. Nearly all materials are
        available in both PDF and html format and each is accompanied by an abstract. Primary topics including environment, health and safety,
        and technology and industry are further divided into numerous subtopics. Materials are additionally separated into those pertaining to
        regulatory impact analysis and those pertaining to regulatory reform. An additional category is available for “other topics,” which
        includes such matters as Amici Briefs, Conflicts of Interest, Developing Countries, Real Estate, the War on Terrorism and more. There is
        no charge for accessing materials. The Center‟s second database provided access to regulatory impact analyses (RIAs) which, as they
        explain, are required by executive order to be performed by agencies whose activities are anticipated to cost over $100 million.
        Accompanying the RIAs are relevant Federal Register notices. The Center additionally links to the few government agencies that make
        their own RIAs publically available on their individual websites. These materials too are freely available in PDF format. In addition to
        the databases, the Center also provides a tab that allows readers to freely download relevant books for electronic reading. The site as a
        whole provides a quick search feature that allows visitors to run queries of keywords in titles, authors and abstracts. A search tab
        provides for a slightly more advanced search option in which one‟s results may be limited and sorted. Visitors to the site may subscribe
        to the Center‟s newsletter by entering an email address. The Center invites authors to submit their works to be published in its databases
        while still allowing them to retain full rights to their papers so that they may also be submitted to outside journals. The paper submission
        process and an accompanying electronic form are available through the publications portion of the website. The Center publicly tracks
        downloads of each individual publication they offer; judging by the numbers, the Center‟s website is a heavily used resource.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]
India Code
        URL: http://indiacode.nic.in/
        India Code is a project of India‟s Legislative Department that provides access to the acts of India‟s Parliament from 1836 to the present.
        The purpose of the site is threefold: 1) inform the drafters of new legislation; 2) assist government officials in carrying out their duties;
        and 3) provide access to updated law for lawyers and the general public. The website is updated with acts from 2010. Users can search
        for acts by their short title, number, or objective, or browse acts by year. Users can also keyword search the text of the acts, but advanced
        search features such as Boolean terms are not available. Clicking on the search result leads to the section headings of the act. This option
        is not recommended, because clicking on the section provides the user with the section heading, which is corrupted by additional
        symbols between the letters, making the text very difficult to read. The better option is to click on “Download full act” from the bottom
        of the search result. If you have executed a keyword search, the relevant terms in the act will not be differentiated by highlighted or bold
        text, but you can perform a “find” search in the Web browser to locate the terms in the act. Two nice features of the website are the
        Word documents listing all the acts in chronological and alphabetical order. The site also provides links to other Indian government
        sites, including the Indian courts, the Legislative Department, and the Department of Delhi Prisons (a few of the links are not working),
        as well as to India‟s Constitution. The site also provides minimal access to acts in Hindi for 2002-2007 by clicking on the link
        INDIACODE in Hindi. India Code provides good access to Indian acts in English and can be used as a portal to other Indian
        government information.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: I. Haight]
National Sea Grant Law Center
        URL: http://nsglc.olemiss.edu/
        Based at Ole Miss (the University of Mississippi) and established in 2002, the Sea Grant Law Center (SGLC) provides and coordinates
        legal research in marine, ocean, and coastal law and policy, while also disseminating information to policy-makers. Sea Grant, described
        as “a partnership between the nation‟s universities and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,” dates from the 1960s
        when Congress created the National Sea Grant Program to foster “wise stewardship of our marine resources through research, education,
        outreach and technology transfer.” SGLC operates via a grant from the U.S. Department of Commerce with additional funds from the
        State and University of Mississippi. The website provides information about SGLC, its services and publications. Of special interest is
        the Advisory Service, which provides free legal research support to the Sea Grant community. The Advisory Service page offers links to
        legal research results organized by topic. Topics include abandoned vessels, admiralty law, coastal development, and land use planning.
        The prepared responses are essentially well-documented memoranda that answer a specific legal research query. Also available are PDF
        copies of the Sea Grant Law and Policy Journal. The current issue addresses timely matters, including compensating climate change
        victims and water quality in Florida. Users should note the slide show section. Slide shows are prepared that offer tutorials on coastal
        and ocean legal issues. The Sea Grant Law Center 101 show provides a solid grounding in what the Center is all about.
                                                                                                                                [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                                   25
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 15                                                   Websites for March 22, 2010

FIAN International: Defending the Right to Food Worldwide
       URL: http://www.fian.org/
       For more than twenty years, the FoodFirst Information and Action Network (FIAN) has served as an international human rights advocate
       to defend and protect people‟s right to adequate food. With a membership of approximately 3,600 national and individual constituents
       from over 50 countries around the world, FIAN‟s mission is to expose and fight unjust and oppressive practices that deny people‟s
       access to the resources necessary to feed themselves now and in the future. FIAN‟s principles are based on the Universal Declaration of
       Human Rights and other international human rights instruments, and the organization holds consultative status to the United Nations.
       Through case-work and interventions, lobbying and advocacy, distribution of information and targeted education, the organization has
       created many programs to support its core mission, including the right to food, access to land, the right to water, extraterritorial state
       obligations, monitoring, justiciability of the right to food, gender issues and others. Without religious or political affiliation, the
       organization uniformly exerts public pressure through its programs to hold governments accountable for violations and to seek
       appropriate redress for victims. By means of a tab entitled “Cases,” the FIAN website documents and analyses concrete violations of the
       right to food dating back to 2007. In addition to a detailed summary of the background and final mandate pertaining to each case, copies
       of advocacy letters are also provided in the vernacular with English translations. A “Resources” tab provides access to a variety of FIAN
       publications that address multiple issues pertaining to the right to food. Included are an Annual Report, the Right to Food Quarterly
       (available via free subscription), reports on fact-finding missions and conferences, country studies, policy and research papers, fact
       sheets and more. All documents are available for free as PDFs, and occasionally, some documents are also available in print through the
       FIAN International Secretariat. A generic search function is available at the top right corner of the site, and an advanced search option is
       available through the Resources tab, where queries may be narrowed by topic, date, and/or type of document. A “Photo Gallery,” also
       located in the Resources tab, puts a face on the organization‟s mission by attaching images to well-documented violations. A “World
       Wide” tab features a clickable map that enables users to identify documents related to particular geographic regions and countries.
       Finally, a “News” tab provides an introduction to the impact of FIAN‟s work and other important updates regarding the international
       status of the human right to food. The site as a whole is available in both English and Spanish.
                                                                                                                                [Author: A. Emerson]
Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals
       URL: http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/law-reports-trials-war-criminals.html
       After World War II, military tribunals in Nuremberg and Tokyo famously tried the most prominent Japanese and Nazi leaders for
       committing war crimes. It is less commonly known that United Nations members, including the United Kingdom and the United States,
       established additional military tribunals in locations throughout Europe, East Asia, and the Pacific islands to try “minor” defendants
       (e.g., lower-ranking military officers and concentration camp administrators) for war crimes. The United Nations War Crimes
       Commission, believing these trials to be important for the development of international law, particularly in demonstrating the application
       of law to facts in war crimes trials, selected cases deemed to illustrate important legal or procedural issues for publication in Law
       Reports of Trials of War. The Commission published fourteen volumes of the Law Reports between 1947 and 1949. The fifteenth
       volume, published in 1949, contains a summary and overarching analysis of war crimes trials, including trials not included in the Law
       Reports. The Law Reports do not contain transcripts of the trials; they provide summaries recreated from the notes of court officers who
       were present at the trials. The amount of detail provided varies from case to case, but an individual trial report may contain some or all
       of the following: a brief description of the legal issues and facts of the case, the date and location of the proceedings, the names of the
       court officers, prosecutors, defenders, and accused, the charges, the opening and closing arguments, the positions of the prosecution and
       defense along with evidence submitted by them, including witness testimony, a summing up, the verdict and sentence, and notes with
       analysis of the legal issues in the case. The reports often contain direct quotations from the prosecution, defense, and witnesses. Crimes
       included describe the gassing of concentration camp prisoners, the execution of prisoners of war, scuttling ships, and keeping the head of
       a dead soldier as a souvenir. The Library of Congress digitized all fifteen volumes of the Law Reports and made them available on its
       website. The files are organized by volume and provided in PDF format. Each PDF is bookmarked according to the volume‟s contents,
       making for easy access to individual cases (click on the bookmark in the left panel to jump to that section of the volume). The site
       provides links to additional digitized war crimes materials: The Case of General Yamashita: A Memorandum, and the Blue, Red, and
       Green series of reports and documents from the Nuremberg Trials. The Law Reports are an excellent resource for anyone studying
       World War II or the international law of war crimes.
                                                                                                                                    [Author: I. Haight]
Supreme Court Database
       URL: http://scdb.wustl.edu/
       Created and maintained by Professor Harold Spaeth of Michigan State University College of Law, the Supreme Court Database contains
       information about each case decided by the Court between the 1953 and 2009 terms. Interactive search tools allow users to design and
       run their own statistical analysis or look up data about individual cases by case name or citation. The database includes more than 200
       elements of information about each case, including which court‟s decision was reviewed, how each justice voted, and links to the opinion
       on Westlaw, Lexis and Findlaw.com. Users can search cases by topic, limiting by “court era,” by the law‟s constitutionality, and by
       individual justices. Because the database allows users to search by case, it is possible to analyze data with only basic statistical
       knowledge. Set to the right parameters, the database can answer questions like “Which decisions in the 1980s involved school
       desegregation?” or “In which criminal law cases did Justice Brennan and Chief Justice Burger vote the same way?” There are two ways
                                                                                                                                                    26
to analyze the data available from the database. First is the online version, which requires no specialized software. The analysis is
performed on the website by specifying the set of cases of interest and then summarizing selected variables. Second, the website contains
downloadable versions of the database in a variety of formats which can be used to perform more complicated analyses. The
downloadable empirical datasets, which are fairly technical, are intended primarily for political scientists, but the search tools could be
used by other researchers of the Court, such as journalists, librarians, and students. Additionally, help is available on the site to aid users
with searches and using the database to its fullest capability. The database is continuously updated by the Supreme Court Database's
research team.
                                                                                                                            [Author: K. Noel]




                                                                                                                                            27
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 16                                                            Websites for April 5, 2010

FedFlix
        URL: http://www.archive.org/details/FedFlix
        FedFlix is a joint project of the National Technical Information Service and Public.Resource.org and is a sub-collection of the Internet
        Archive‟s Moving Images library. The Internet Archive is a non-profit founded in 1996 that seeks to offer permanent access to
        researchers, historians, and others to collections that exist in digital format. The Archive wants to “prevent the Internet . . . and other
        „born digital‟ materials from disappearing into the past.” The Moving Images library is organized into several sub-collections and these
        are, in turn, sub-divided. FedFlix is within the U.S. Government Films collection, which is within the News and Public Affairs
        collection. The government films in FedFlix may be used without restriction, and subjects run the gamut from training films to history to
        postal inspectors. The collection may be browsed by title, keyword, or author/creator. There is overlap between keywords and authors,
        and these include federal departments and agencies. There is an advanced search that allows users to search individual sub-collections,
        including FedFlix. Users may narrow the search by title, creator, description, date, and other parameters. The collection includes many
        interesting films. The U.S. Judicial Conference offers a 4-part series on the decisions of the John Marshall Court, including Marbury v
        Madison and Gibbons v Ogden. Other law-related films come from the Departments of Homeland Security and Justice, and from the
        National Institute of Justice (NIJ). An intriguing film from NIJ covers a 1978 international conference on terrorism held in Puerto Rico.
        The collection is fun and interesting and a worthwhile project in preservation. Users should note that these films are also available on
        YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/user/PublicResourceOrg.
                                                                                                                                [Author: M. Morrison]
National Data Catalog
        URL: http://nationaldatacatalog.com/
        A project of the Sunlight Labs at the Sunlight Foundation, the National Data Catalog provides a resource for locating datasets by and
        about government. Sunlight Labs is a self-described “community of open source developers and designers dedicated to opening up our
        government to make it more transparent, accountable and responsible.” Data is currently imported from Data.gov (reviewed in InSITE
        vol. 14, no. 20) and the DC Data Catalog, but the platform (consisting of an application programming interface and a Web application)
        is capable of hosting datasets from federal, state and local government levels and from each of the executive, legislative and judicial
        branches. The code is open source and the data are available free of charge via the Catalog‟s API. Data may be browsed in full or
        filtered by jurisdiction, organization, source type, and/or release year. There currently appear to be close to 1,500 datasets available,
        dating from 1950-2010. Datasets are available in one, a few, or all of the following formats: XML, MAP, CSV, KML, ATOM, ESRI,
        and more. Useful background information is provided with each dataset when available, including source, unit of analysis, collection
        mode, level of granularity, and more. A search feature is available for the Catalog, but users will find it much more productive to
        browse/filter the sets. Queries do not seem to be able to reach beneath the title of a dataset, and search results tend to be inaccurate and
        inconsistent. A tab invites users to suggest a data source by completing an online form through which one may submit the data source
        title, URL, and any comments. Another tab provides access to a blog which, although current, includes only four entries for this year.
        Topics include “The Formats,” “Defining a Vocabulary,” “Resource Oriented Architecture,” and the most recent, “Drafting Guidelines
        for Government Data sets.” Visitors to the site may sign up for an account by entering a name and email address. Creating an account
        allows one to construct a Dashboard of favorite datasets, post comments to discussions, rate data sources, and contribute to
        documentation by obtaining API keys for programmatic access to the National Data Catalog.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]
Snitching Blog
        URL: http://www.snitching.org/
        The Snitching Blog is an excellent resource for news and information about criminal informants, how they operate, and how they affect
        the U.S. criminal justice system. The blog is highly critical of the practice of using informants and advocates for reform. Alexandra
        Natapoff, a professor at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles, authors the blog. Natapoff has written a book on the topic entitled
        "Snitching: Criminal Informants and the Erosion of American Justice." Blog entries generally focus on discussing cases in which
        informants played a critical role in the conviction of a defendant, notifying readers of reports and studies about "Snitching" (i.e., a
        National Public Radio series on the House of Death murders), publicizing Professor Natapoff‟s publications and interviews, and
        apprising readers of developments in reform efforts. Blog posts are organized into categories such as “Dynamics of Snitching” and
        “Terrorism” that can be accessed from the blog‟s left navigation panel. The blog also includes links to federal and nonprofit reports,
        hearings, and data, and a collection of sample motions and an amicus brief for parties involved in criminal cases in which informant
        testimony is used. Natapoff is trying to use the Testimonials section of the blog as a vehicle to collect firsthand accounts of injustice
        resulting from the use of informants; so far only two testimonials have been submitted. Links to other criminal law-related blogs and
        websites are available in the right panel.
                                                                                                                                    [Author: I. Haight]




                                                                                                                                                    28
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 17                                                            Websites for April 19, 2010


Firearms Research
         URL: http://www.firearmsresearch.org/
         The Firearms Research database is a project of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center, which is within Harvard‟s School of Public
         Health. The Center focuses on the interdisciplinary study of the causes of injury, including firearm use. The Firearms Research database
         covers years 2003-2008 currently with plans to eventually cover from 1988 to present. The database is limited to research published in
         academic journals with non-academic sources, such as government documents, being excluded. The articles included in the Digest were
         identified by searching several periodical indexes: Academic Search Premier, ERIC, EconLit, PsycInfo, and MEDLINE. Articles were
         also identified using LexisNexis. In addition to excluding non-academic sources, the database excludes articles that focus solely on
         medical or historical topics. The database may be searched or browsed. Searching may be done by keyword, title, author, publication,
         date, or topic. Topics are numerous and range from alcohol to students to recreational use. Users may also browse article titles under
         each of the topics. In addition to basic data, each record in the database includes an abstract summarizing the article and its findings.
         Also offered is bibliographic information that provides APA and MLA citations for each article.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: M. Morrison]
Gender and Land Rights Database
         URL: http://www.fao.org/gender/landrights
         Provided as a service by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Gender and Land Rights Database provides
         researchers with a narrow but in-depth resource containing country-level and some international information regarding gender disparity
         in land access. The social, economic, political and cultural issues that contribute to gender inequality are reflected in the materials, as are
         its consequences, including the jeopardy of rural food security and the wellbeing of individuals and families. The Database is well
         organized into six categories, including “National Legal Frame,” “International Treaties and Conventions,” “Customary Law,” “Land
         Tenure and Related Institutions,” “Civil Society Organizations,” and “Selected Land Related Statistics.” Each category in turn provides a
         specific list of the types of materials included within it. Information is retrieved from the database through an interactive feature that
         allows the researcher, free of charge, to generate three different kinds of html reports: a Full Country Report, a Topic Selection Report,
         or a Comparative Report. Materials from approximately 90 countries are available. The Full Country option allows the researcher to
         select one or more countries to obtain a full report on 24 subjects within that country‟s borders. The Topic Selection option allows the
         researcher to select one topic in conjunction with one or more countries to create a report limited to that particular issue. The
         Comparative option allows the researcher to choose one topic to compare among two or more countries. It is this last feature that
         especially demonstrates the depth of the database, but one should be aware that materials are occasionally available in the vernacular
         only. The website itself functions in English, French and Spanish versions. A simple Google-powered search feature located among the
         tabs on the left side of the page allow the researcher to query the website of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States,
         and an additional “Free Text Search” tab allows the researcher to limit queries to the text of documents contained with the database.
         Finally, to supplement the already extensive materials, the site provides an alphabetical list of links to other relevant websites and
         publications.
                                                                                                                                  [Author: A. Emerson]
LittleSis: Profiling the Powers that Be
         URL: http://littlesis.org/
         LittleSis is an online encyclopedia of influential Americans in politics, lobbying, and business, their relationships with each other, and
         their relationships with organizations. LittleSis calls itself an “involuntary facebook of powerful Americans.” Public Accountability
         Initiative is behind the project, which also receives funding from the Sunlight Foundation. The information on the site is designed to help
         the public discover how money and personal ties influence the development of law and policy. Type the name of a Congresswoman into
         the search box, for example, and you may find such information as a brief biography, her current and past government and corporate
         positions, where she attended college, the names of her office staff and campaign donors, her date of birth, and the names of her husband
         and children. Click on the names of people and organizations listed in the congresswoman‟s profile to find out more about them. Browse
         groups of people such as Forbes‟ 400 richest Americans (click Explore, then Lists) A team of volunteers collects and enters the
         information in a wiki-style collaborative effort; LittleSis is a perpetual work in progress. LittleSis provides links to the sources for
         information provided so users can independently verify the information. In addition to tracking powerful people generally, LittleSis
         organizes research projects devoted to particular groups. A recent project studied wealthy Americans who made very large profits during
         the real estate bubble that popped in 2007. The website also maintains a blog called Eyes on the Ties. Developers can view and debut the
         site‟s open-source code or use the API (after registering for an API key). LittleSis is user-friendly and appropriate for a wide audience,
         including high school students.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]




                                                                                                                                                     29
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 18                                                            Websites for May 17, 2010

Florida Law: Laws and Legal Heritage of the State of Florida
        URL: http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/ufdc/?c=flaw1&m=hhh
        Florida Law, a project of the University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries, provides access to Florida laws and legal history
        through various digitized materials. These materials are held at the University of Florida‟s Legal Information Center and Library of
        Florida History, the State Library and Archives, and the Florida House of Representatives. The Florida Law collection consists of three
        sub-collections: Florida Historical Legal Documents, Florida House of Representatives Publications, and Florida Water Law. The
        Historical Legal documents collection focuses on the period 1822-1845 when Florida was a territory. This sub-collection provides users
        with a picture of the state‟s legal history by including territorial laws on taxation, incorporation of cities, wills and estates, and the
        regulation of slavery. Items on marriage and the militia are included, too. Currently, the House of Representatives collection includes the
        House Journal. Although verbatim debates are not available, the Journal records titles of introduced bills, texts of amendments, and
        tallies of how representatives voted. The Water Law collection is a collaborative project of Florida‟s five water management districts,
        which have agreed to develop a “history of water management in Florida.” The goal of this project is to be an archive of the documents,
        maps, photos, and plans pertaining to Florida‟s water management. The collection has benefitted from the contributions of various other
        public and private collections. Users may search all or any of the sub-collections. In addition to title, author, and subject searching, users
        may also search by county, city, place of publication, and “metadata only.” Be sure to check the "New Items" tab for the most recently
        added material.
                                                                                                                                  [Author: M. Morrison]
Migration Information Source
        URL: http://www.migrationinformation.org/
        Migration Information Source (MIS) is a project of the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) (annotated in vol. 9, no. 3 of InSITE). The MPI
        is a think tank that studies the movement of people worldwide and analyzes and evaluates migration policy at all levels of government.
        The Migration Information Source seeks to offer "useful tools, vital data, and essential facts” of global migration. MIS employs
        international correspondents to chronicle migration while acquiring data and information from various global organizations and
        governments. The site is organized into several components. These include the Data Hub; sections on country resources, the U.S., and
        refugees; and an online journal. The Data Hub is a significant resource providing numbers, maps, and statistics on immigration,
        migration, immigrant integration, and refugee protection worldwide. Organized into U.S. and international databases, the Hub offers
        demographic, social, and economic facts on U.S. immigration, while providing citizenship, net migration, and historical data for other
        countries. The various data tools available include the state responses to immigration database (annotated in vol. 15, no. 12 of inSITE),
        maps of the foreign-born in the U.S., a global city migration map, and comparative country data. The country resources section provides
        individual country profiles that offer quick access to demographic and migration information and links to relevant articles appearing in
        the online journal. For details on the American immigration situation, visit the "U.S. in focus" section. U.S. resources are collected in
        one place and include maps, databases, and current articles on immigration trends and policy. Similarly, the refugees section provides a
        one-stop shop for data and news on refugees and asylum seekers worldwide.
                                                                                                                                  [Author: M. Morrison]
YouTube EDU (Law)
        URL: http://www.youtube.com/education?lg=en&b=109&s=edu&t=m
        YouTube EDU hosts video channels for public and private colleges and universities throughout the world. Participating institutions
        upload videos to their respective channels; those videos are aggregated and organized by topics for easy browsing. Topics include law,
        business, health & medicine, history, social science, education, and journalism & media. The content of the available videos is generally
        of high quality because YouTube requires posted videos to be educational and not merely promotional (a few sports videos are also
        available). Participating institutions include Cambridge University, UCLA, Stanford, the University of Texas at Austin, the Berkman
        Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, and many others. Users can subscribe to channels they like just as they do with
        regular YouTube channels. Browse videos according to institution by clicking on Channels, or browse videos by most viewed or by
        language. Examples of available law videos are a panel discussion on Title IX hosted by Vanderbilt University Law School, The Future
        of Journalism: Law and Ethics in a Changing Media Ecosystem posted by the Berkman Center, and a Q&A discussion with Ranjana
        Natarajan on national security and the right to privacy from the University of Texas at Austin. A few non-law videos like “The Second
        Law of Thermodynamics” are included in the law category; presumably YouTube will try to improve this flaw in the system. YouTube
        EDU is a very good resource for law students and curious lifelong learners to partake of the educational bounty offered at the world‟s
        colleges and universities. The value of the site will increase as more institutions participate and upload their videos.
                                                                                                                                      [Author: I. Haight]




                                                                                                                                                      30
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 19                                                            Websites for May 17, 2010

Conflict of Laws.net: News and Views in Private International Law
         URL: http://conflictoflaws.net/
         Conflict of laws.net provides an interactive global forum for scholars, practitioners and others to engage in an ongoing dialogue on the
         subject of private international law. All are invited to join the collaborative effort by contributing news items, publications, opinions,
         event announcements, or other items representing both theoretical and practical perspectives regarding conflict of laws. Its team of
         scholarly editors hails from all corners of the globe, representing most major jurisdictions. The site is officially affiliated with the Journal
         of Private International Law, an English-language, peer-reviewed publication devoted exclusively to private international law, where
         information and ideas from legal systems around the world are explored in depth. Guest editorials are periodically solicited from
         distinguished scholars and practitioners on a subject of their choosing. The most current editorial is featured on the site‟s homepage, and
         earlier editorials are readily available through a tab at the top of the page and through the Archives menu located on the right side of the
         page. Visitors to the site are invited to share their comments on the editorials. Other tabs at the top of the page link to an online focus
         group and an online symposium, both organized and hosted by the Conflict of Law site. The site additionally features a bookshop where
         visitors can purchase nearly any title about private international law in English. Although powered by Amazon, the proceeds from sales
         are directed to paying the costs of running the Conflict of Laws site. A simple search feature is available throughout the site‟s pages and
         it quickly generates current and relevant results. Subscriptions to RSS and Email updates are offered, and hidden on the right side of the
         page, under the heading “Resources,” one will find an extensive list of relevant and useful links.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: A. Emerson]
Free at Last? Slavery in Pittsburgh in the 18th and 19th Centuries
         URL: http://www.library.pitt.edu/freeatlast/index.html
         The University of Pittsburgh created the Web exhibit Free at Last? to complement an exhibit of the same name developed by the
         University‟s Vice Chancellor Robert Hill, and shown at the Heinz History Center in Pittsburgh from October 2008 through April 2009.
         Although the Heinz History Center has long since taken down the physical exhibit, visitors can still experience the exhibit through the
         supporting website. The exhibit documents early slavery in Pennsylvania including slaves‟ journeys from Africa, through the abolition
         movement and the aftermath of the Civil War. The website is divided into five sections: the home page describing Hill‟s inspiration for
         the exhibit, an Introduction, the Middle Passage to Early America, The Freedom Papers, Fugitive Slave Laws and Escapes, Abolition,
         Civil War and Aftermath, and a Photo Gallery. Every section except the home page and the photo gallery includes a brief video filmed in
         the exhibit at the Heinz History Center and narrated by Laurence Glasco, Professor of History at the University of Pittsburgh. In addition
         to the videos, sections of text and accompanying images explain topics like Music in the Middle Passage, Notable Abolitionists in
         Pittsburgh, and the Bethel AME Church—Oldest Black Congregation in Pittsburgh. These sections can be expanded for further
         information, and some of the sections provide links to additional information like biographies. The Photo Gallery provides images of the
         Heinz History Center exhibit and artifacts like manacles, maps, books, and artwork. Unfortunately there is no zoom option for these
         images. The Freedom Papers section is especially valuable because it offers good digital access to documents that describe transactions
         pertaining to slaves: indentures for black children, sales records, requests for Certificates of Freedom, records of slaves who were freed
         by their owners or who purchased their freedom, and more. Valerie McDonald Roberts, a supervisor at the Allegheny County Recorder
         of Deeds, discovered the papers in 2007. The digital document reader has a zoom function, and the site provides a summary and at least
         a partial transcription for each document. The descriptions of slave escapes provided in the Fugitive Slave Laws and Escapes Section are
         very interesting; for example, Ellen and William Craft successfully masqueraded as a gentleman traveling with his slave to gain their
         freedom. This site is excellent for people interested in studying slavery and abolition in the United States and is a model for curators
         designing other online exhibits.
                                                                                                                                      [Author: I. Haight]
Open Access Scottish Law Reports
         URL: http://www.scottishlawreports.org.uk/resources/open-access.html
         The Open Access Scottish Law Reports is made available by the Scottish Council of Law Reporting. The Council is a non-profit that
         was established to manage publication of Session Cases and other materials. The Council seeks to distribute Scottish legal materials
         widely at a minimal cost and is continuing to build a retrospective online case archive. Session Cases contain civil and criminal appellate
         cases from the Court of Session and High Court of Justiciary in Scotland. Also included are Scottish appeals to the House of Lords and
         to the Privy Council. The open access database covers selected reports from Session Cases for the period 1873 to 2007. For each case
         the archive provides the case name, citation, court, judges, and the opinion. The archive is hosted by Justis and it may be searched or
         browsed. Basic Boolean and phrase searching is supported, as well as searching by party, title, and year. Use the Help page for searching
         assistance. Browsing is available by year. Whether browsing or searching, the results list includes the case name, assigned subject terms,
         and decision year. Each case is available as an HTML file and can be printed, e-mailed, or downloaded.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                                      31
InSITE                     Vol. 15, no. 20                                                            Websites for June 7, 2010

AAI: American Antitrust Institute
         URL: http://www.antitrustinstitute.org/
         The American Antitrust Institute (AAI) is a non-profit organization that describes itself as a “unique public interest voice and
         counterweight to conservative influence.” AAI is focused on the positive role of antitrust in fostering competition. Founded in 1998 by
         Albert A. Foer, a former Federal Trade Commission official and business executive, AAI pursues education, research, and advocacy.
         The AAI site provides information directed at “journalists, academic researchers, lawyers, economists, business people, government
         officials” and the public. Its website highlights the organization‟s efforts. The home page lists upcoming events such as seminars and
         conferences, working papers, and current activities including member interviews, summaries of recent meetings, articles, book reviews,
         and working papers. There is a link to a detailed Report Outlining Policy Recommendations to the Obama Administration. The home
         page also hosts a link to the AAI video “Fair Fight in the Marketplace” that was shown on public television in 2007 and used as part of
         an educational curriculum for high school students. In addition, there is a link to its 10th Anniversary booklet which explains AAI‟s
         mission and provides an overview of its history and activities such as testifying before Congress and filing amicus briefs. The AAI site
         provides an extensive list of links organized by topic on its Antitrust Resources page to news, cases, statutes, gateways to more antitrust
         resources, antitrust guidelines, industry specific resources, merger information, and international competition materials, among others.
         The site has a search function and a searchable archive of AAI commentary, press releases, book reviews, and official submissions. AAI
         members and contributors are experts in antitrust and range from lawyers to economists, to professors.
                                                                                                                                  [Author: J. Callihan]
Interactive Radio for Justice
         URL: http://www.irfj.org/
         Interactive Radio for Justice (IRJ) provides a forum for discussion between the people of the regions in which the International Criminal
         Court is conducting investigations of serious crimes, and the national and international authorities charged with providing justice to those
         communities. Funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and Humanity United, the project‟s goal is to improve not
         only the general public‟s understanding of how the judicial system can serve them, but also to improve the authorities‟ understanding of
         the issues, concerns and tribulations faced by survivors of conflict and the accompanying offenses of genocide, crimes against humanity,
         and war crimes. The project began in Ituri, DRC, in 2004 and thereafter launched an additional program in The Central African Republic
         in 2008. Through the years, Interactive Radio for Justice has grown to include several series, including the Interactive Radio for Justice
         Base Series, Debating for Justice, A Child: Yesterday in the Bush, Today Part of the Community, Our Reconciliation, Our Dialog for
         Peace and Justice, On the Track of Justice, News, and several more. Programs are broadcast throughout the entire region of Ituri, DRC,
         via public radio in French, Swahili and Lingala. The website is fully available in English, with portions available in French. Broadcasts
         are archived on the website and are accessible free of charge by category or via a simple search feature. Visitors may choose to listen to
         the program or read the transcript in English on a downloadable Word document. Each is accompanied by images for viewing. Programs
         are generated semi-regularly with broadcasts usually recorded at least once a month and sometimes twice. Interactive Radio for Justice
         invites visitors to use the broadcasts for educational and outreach non-profit activities, and educational institutions and NGOs are further
         encouraged to receive the broadcasts via email.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]
Penal Reform International
         URL: http://www.penalreform.org/
         Penal Reform International (PRI) is a non-governmental organization devoted to penal and criminal justice reform throughout the world.
         PRI operates in the U.S. and North America, the Middle East, Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, and the South Caucasus. PRI
         has several goals, including abolishing the death penalty, reducing the use of imprisonment, eliminating “unfair and unethical
         discrimination” in the application of penal measures, and using international human rights instruments to improve prison conditions. PRI
         partners with various activists, NGOs, and governments. It has consultative status with both the United Nations and Council of Europe,
         and has observer status with the African Commission on Human and Peoples‟ Rights. PRI pursues its mission by working “to develop
         and promote culturally specific solutions to criminal justice and penal reform.” The website provides details of PRI‟s work and projects,
         and provides access to its publications. Under the Worldwide tab users will find discussion of each of the regions in which PRI operates.
         In addition to learning about PRI‟s efforts in these regions, users can get an idea of the socio-political context and penal reform
         challenges of each. The Themes section provides an overview of the nine broad areas that PRI addresses. These include health in
         prisons, prison overcrowding, pre-trial detention, and juvenile justice. For each theme, users will find links to international standards
         conveniently linked. Numerous PRI publications are available on the site. In addition to the group‟s reports, users should consider
         reviewing the models for reform. These address a broad range of topics from HIV/AIDS in prisons to penitentiary reform in the Arab
         world.
                                                                                                                                [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                                    32
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 21                                                            Websites for June 21, 2010

Antitrust Source
        URL: http://www.antitrustsource.com
        The Antitrust Source is an online journal published bimonthly by the Antitrust Law Section of the American Bar Association (ABA).
        Unlike the Antitrust Law Section's other publications, The Antitrust Source is free to the public. This journal contains articles, book and
        article reviews (in a feature called Paper Trail), letters, and interview transcripts on topics related to antitrust law. Examples of articles
        include "Antitrust Issues in Clean Technology" and "The Use of Upward Price Pressure Indices in Merger Analysis." Articles are written
        by antitrust attorneys and consultants. The publication is available in PDF format only. The contents of each issue are available in
        HTML on the website, with the current issue's contents posted on the site's home page. Archived issues are available back to the journal's
        inception in November 2001. The Index is a very helpful feature. The PDF index provides a complete list of citations to the journal's
        contents with links. Contents are organized in the index by articles (organized alphabetically by author), book reviews (organized
        alphabetically by author), interviews (organized by interviewed person), organizational charts for federal antitrust agencies (organized by
        date with the most recent first), panel discussions (organized by date with the most recent first), and Paper Trail (organized by date with
        the most recent first). The search function on The Antitrust Source site searches the entire ABA Antitrust Law Section Library. The
        Library's advanced search does not offer an option to limit search to The Antitrust Source. Using the find function within the index or a
        site-specific Google search is a better option.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
Equal Rights Trust
        URL: http://www.equalrightstrust.org/
        The Equal Rights Trust (ERT), an international human rights organization and registered charity in the UK, debuted in January 2007 "to
        combat discrimination and promote equality as a fundamental human right and a basic principle of social justice." ERT was established
        as a think tank while also operating as a resource center and advocacy organization. ERT pursues four strategies to achieve its goals:
        human rights advocacy, documentation of abuses, legal and policy research, and providing consultations and training. The website
        provides an overview of the Trust's principles and activities, while offering access to various publications and documents. The Virtual
        Library on Equality, a work in progress, is a centerpiece of the site. The library contains case law; international, regional, and national
        norms; policy papers; and articles. The library may be searched or browsed and browsing provides users with twelve categories in which
        to find documents. Categories include international and regional standards, discrimination grounds, and remedies and enforcement.
        Several categories are divided into sub-topics: the discrimination grounds category covers age, citizenship, disability, gender identity,
        race, religion, sex, and sexual orientation. ERT publications include country overviews, legal briefs, policy papers, reports, and
        statements. A summary is provided for each document. ERT's journal, the Equal Rights Review, is available and it addresses timely
        topics. For example, the most recent volume of the review addresses the Ugandan Anti-Homosexuality Bill and HIV discrimination in
        China. Overall, this is a worthwhile site for users interested in human and civil rights on a global scale.
                                                                                                                                  [Author: M. Morrison]
WolframAlpha: Computational Knowledge Engine
        URL: http://www.wolframalpha.com/
        WolframAlpha is a "computational knowledge engine" that returns data in response to a query. Type words and symbols into
        WolframAlpha's search box just like a Web search engine and hit "compute" or the enter key to retrieve data. Unlike a search engine,
        which produces links to websites in response to queries, WolframAlpha collects data from numerous public and private sources and
        inputs that data into an enormous composite database that it draws from to answer queries like "unemployment rate Los Angeles" and
        "Germany healthcare expenditures." WolframAlpha can compare data-just enter a comma between the things to be compared; for
        example "crime Boston, Washington DC" and "GDP per capita Chile, Bolivia." WolframAlpha can also do computations like "China
        male population / female population." Results may include charts and graphs. Each result has a link at the bottom to source information.
        WolframAlpha continues to add new data and recently added U.S. tax information for 1916 to 2007; a sample query using the tax data is
        "average tax on AGI $45,000" (AGI stands for "adjusted gross income"). In addition to socio-economic information, the engine can also
        provide data about the sciences, money, units and measures, dates and times, the nutrition value of foods, organizations, transportation
        (including airlines), technology, and more. The Examples section of the site is very helpful in explaining what the engine can do and how
        to use it, especially since query construction is not always intuitive. WolframAlpha has a blog too. WolframAlpha is free for non-
        commercial use, and the company plans in the future to offer subscriptions with advanced features for institutions. The site is very
        helpful for quickly looking up facts and can direct users to other sources for data.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]




                                                                                                                                                     33
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 22                                                            Websites for July 19, 2010

Human Rights Web Archive
        URL: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/humanrights/hrwa.html
        Human Rights Web Archive is a project of Columbia University Libraries to preserve copies of websites that provide important
        resources about human rights. Although an enormous quantity of valuable information is available via the Internet, much of that
        information disappears every day as websites are taken down or altered. Columbia University Libraries has partnered with the Internet
        Archive's service Archive-It (reviewed in InSITE vol. 15, no. 13) to create preservation copies of websites with significant value to the
        study and promotion of human rights. Examples of sites archived by the project include the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights,
        International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, and Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism. Selected websites are crawled
        and copied 2-4 times per year. The search function searches the full text of the archived websites. Advanced search is available by
        clicking on the link to the Internet Archive Project Site. You can also view the list of archived sites on the Internet Archive Project Site
        page. A brief annotation accompanies most of the listed sites. The list of websites functions as a catalog of important human rights
        websites and organizations. At publication date Columbia had archived more than 210 sites related to human rights. The Archive
        welcomes nominations of sites for inclusion, especially from NGOs that wish to nominate their own sites. Columbia archives only
        publicly available Web pages for this project.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
US Supreme Court Center
        URL: http://supreme.justia.com/
        The Justia U.S. Supreme Court Center is a database of United States Supreme Court decisions that begins in 1791 and continues through
        the present. Users may browse cases by volume, year, or recent decisions. Within the volumes, cases are arranged in chronological order
        by page, and within the years, cases are arranged in alphabetical order by name. The main page defaults to a list of the most recent
        decisions, with the date, docket number, and case name provided up front. Newer cases include both PDF and HTML versions. The
        PDFs are searchable, and may be enlarged as needed. Useful links are provided to move seamlessly within the PDF from the syllabus to
        the opinion, and to any concurrences or dissents issued by the various judges. The HTML copy contains hyperlinks to any footnotes
        contained in the case, and to any other Supreme Court decisions referenced in the case. A Google-powered search engine is carried
        throughout all pages of the website. Search results vary according to the term searched. For example, a search for "abortion" produces
        not only a list of cases that contain the term abortion in their text, but also a link to a footnoted summary of the legal history of abortion
        written by Justia. A search for "free speech," however, simply provides a list of cases that contain that term. Note that queries also
        function well without quotes, and often produce better results such as, to continue the last example, additional cases that contain the
        phrase "freedom of speech." For additional information about the Supreme Court and Constitutional rights, Justia links to other
        authoritative sources, including Oyez, Cornell's Legal Information Institute, blogs, and various other websites. These resources provide a
        myriad of materials, including, inter alia, additional copies of Supreme Court opinions, a virtual tour of the Supreme Court, information
        about the individual justices, the 2009-2010 case docket, a calendar of oral arguments, amicus filings, and current news. Justia's U.S.
        Supreme Court Center may be shared via email, Twitter, Facebook, Delicious, and most other Web 2.0 applications.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: A. Emerson]
Virtual Museum & Archive of the History of Financial Regulation
        URL: http://www.sechistorical.org/
        Opened in June of 2002, the Virtual Museum and Archive of the History of Financial Regulation is a project of the Securities and
        Exchange Commission (SEC) Historical Society. An independent non-profit, the SEC Historical Society "shares, preserves and advances
        knowledge of the history of financial regulation." By providing the virtual museum and archive, the Society seeks to more broadly
        disseminate the history of financial regulation from the 20th century to the present day. Rich with content, the Museum consists of seven
        main components: a timeline, galleries, papers, programs, oral histories, photos, and broadcast media and film. The timeline is organized
        by decade, from the 1930s to the 2000s, providing concise descriptions of major events in financial regulation and contextualizing them
        by noting other major current events from the time. For example, one can quickly learn that the very important Rule 10b-5 was adopted
        in 1942, the same year as the Battles of Midway and Stalingrad. Also organized by decade are the papers and photos collections. These
        collections provide excellent primary source materials, including the founding documents of the New York Stock Exchange. The photo
        collection is interesting with shots of traders from the 1920s and of such luminaries as Joseph P. Kennedy and Richard Whitney. These
        two men are also found in the media collection, which includes Movietone News reels of Richard Whitney on proposed market
        regulation and Joseph Kennedy speaking as the Chairman of the SEC. The historical collection is augmented with oral histories, most of
        which are interviews with people who have had various positions of importance at the SEC or stock exchanges. The programs collection,
        dating to 2001, provides archived audio and edited transcripts of Society programs covering a range of topics from professional
        responsibility to cross-border regulation. The galleries are a unique way of searching the Museum as they present essays on topics and
        time periods and then link related museum resources for easy access. Overall, the site is an excellent resource for gaining historical
        perspective of a timely topic.
                                                                                                                                [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                                     34
InSITE                  Vol. 15, no. 23                                                           Websites for August 2, 2010

Defenders Online
     URL: http://www.thedefendersonline.com/
      The Defenders Online (TDO) is the web forum of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF). LDF, describing itself as
      “the nation‟s premier civil rights law firm,” has worked over the years to engage the nation on the issues of race, justice, equality, and
      democracy. TDO is a blog devoted to discussing the key issues and current events affecting civil rights. The blog is organized into
      multiple topical components including criminal justice, economic justice, education, political participation, and a hot topics section that
      has current posts on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill and the black farmers litigation. There are special sections devoted post-Katrina New
      Orleans and the Obama presidency. An intriguing section is called “Is This Racist?” Here, one will find posts on items from the news
      with corresponding polls asking users to opine on the racist nature of the item. For example, a recent “Is This Racist?” poll looks at the
      Fremont, Nebraska ordinance covering undocumented immigrants, while another asks users to consider the image of President Obama as
      the Joker from Batman, which went viral last year. Overall, the TDO blog offers users an abundance of content on the various issues and
      priorities of the LDF.
                                                                                                                            [Author: M. Morrison]
FIRE: Foundation for Individual Rights in Education
     URL: http://www.thefire.org/
      FIRE, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, is a non-profit based in Philadelphia. FIRE seeks “to defend and sustain
      individual rights at America‟s colleges and universities.” FIRE focuses on free speech, religious liberty, sanctity of conscience, legal
      equality, and due process as “the essential qualities of individual liberty and dignity.” FIRE was founded in 1998 by Alan Charles Kors
      and Harvey A. Silverglate, co-authors of the book, “The Shadow University: The Betrayal of Liberty on America‟s Campuses.” The
      book generated significant response from faculty and students who had their freedom of speech and association impacted by restrictive
      campus speech codes. FIRE works to educate and inform policy-makers of the constitutional infirmities of campus speech codes and
      works with universities and colleges to improve the codes thus helping campuses to be the centers of open and vigorous debate they are
      designed to be. The website provides awareness of FIRE‟s advocacy work, current legal developments, and information on student
      rights. FIRE has ongoing projects that address the core individual rights and each is detailed on the site. Visitors to the site who believe
      their rights have been violated on campus may submit the case to FIRE. When appropriate, FIRE then becomes involved as an advocate.
      Cases can then be tracked on the site for updates and resolution. The speech code section is interesting as it highlights codes that FIRE
      has identified as unconstitutional and thus encourages college administrators to work with FIRE on amending the code. Also, be sure to
      download the free speech guide made available on the site.
                                                                                                                             [Author: M. Morrison]
WikiLeaks
     URL: http://wikileaks.org/
      A project of the Sunshine Press, WikiLeaks serves as an anonymous global venue for the dissemination of documents for public viewing.
      A self-described “public service,” the site is designed to utilize the combined technology of the Internet and cryptology to provide
      protection for individuals, such as whistleblowers, journalists and activists, who wish to communicate sensitive materials to the public.
      The website is based on the premise that “transparency in government activities leads to reduced corruption, better government and
      stronger democracies,” and that access to information is necessary to this end. According to its site, “WikiLeaks accepts classified,
      censored or otherwise restricted material of political, diplomatic or ethical significance. WikiLeaks does not accept rumour, opinion or
      other kinds of first hand reporting or material that is already publicly available.” Under the rationale of “principled leaking, “Wikileaks
      in turn distributes the information across multiple jurisdictions, organizations and individuals with the accompanying claim that, “once a
      document is published it is essentially impossible to censor.” The site is supported by a network of defense lawyers who presumably rely
      on the principle of freedom of the press. It is interesting to note that all submissions made online are routed via Sweden and Belgium to
      benefit from their journalist-source shield laws. All documents submitted to WikiLeaks are tested for authenticity by various methods
      such as forensic analysis, a review of means, motive and opportunity, consideration of cost of forgery, contemplation of the nature of
      claims made by the authoring organization, input from the collective wisdom and expertise of interested users, and more. WikiLeaks
      asserts that they have never made a mistake thus far. Source documents cannot be modified or edited by users. Summaries of documents
      are written by WikiLeaks staff, occasionally in collaboration with the submitter. The site is careful to note that “all staff who deal with
      sources are accredited journalists,” and “all submissions establish a journalist-source relationship.” Although blocked by the Chinese
      government, WikiLeaks suggests a number of ways around this block to their users. Their technological expertise also enables them to
      boast that none of their thousand of WikiLeaks sources have been exposed to date. Several suggestions for how to protect one‟s identity
      are included on the site. The site is available in 15 languages and includes a search feature that queries both titles and summaries of
      documents. Materials may be sorted and browsed by country, region, language or year. Documents are available in various electronic
      formats, and the size of the document is always noted. Users may follow WikiLeaks via RSS, Twitter, Facebook, etc. With the exception
      of its presentation style, WikiLeaks is unrelated to the website Wikipedia.
                                                                                                                               [Author: A. Emerson]




                                                                                                                                                35
InSITE                      Vol. 15, no. 24                                                            Websites for August 23, 2010

Federal Register: the Daily Journal of the United States Government
        URL: http://www.federalregister.gov/
        The Government Printing Office (GPO), the Office of the Federal Register (OFR), and the National Archives and Records
        Administration (NARA) jointly released this new, XML-based version of the Federal Register in July 2010. The Federal Register
        provides official notice of actions taken by federal agencies, informing the public of new regulations, requests for comment on proposed
        regulations, and news about other agency and presidential activities. This new website is designed to provide user-friendly access to the
        Federal Register. The site highlights high-impact news organized into six broad sections: "Money," "Environment," "World, Science &
        Technology," "Business & Industry," and "Health & Public Welfare." All news items are indexed by federal agency (e.g., the FDA) and
        by specific topic (e.g., solar energy). The site offers RSS feeds for specific topics. Images from the Federal Register are displayed as
        inline graphics. The site may include visualizations such as graphs and charts for data about agency activities and regulations. Some
        entries in the Federal Register provide a calendar indicating important dates (e.g., the date the regulation takes effect). The site provides
        links for submitting comments on proposed regulations, but it would be preferable if visitors could submit comments directly through the
        site. Currently federalregister.gov is an unofficial version of the Federal Register but may become an official version in the future. The
        entries on this site link directly to the official PDF version in FDsys.gov. Federalregister.gov‟s code is offered to the public as open
        source with links to raw XML files for use in developing other websites.
                                                                                                                                     [Author: I. Haight]
National Center for Education Statistics
        URL: http://www.nces.ed.gov/
        Positioned within the U.S. Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences, the National Center for Education Statistics
        (NCES) is responsible for collecting and analyzing educational data obtained within the U.S. and from around the world. Its website
        provides a summary of NCES‟s mission and activities, but more importantly serves to fulfill its Congressional mandate by making
        collected, collated and analyzed data available for research and education. NCES statistics are used by Congress, federal agencies, state
        education agencies, state and local officials, educational organizations, the news media, business organizations and the general public.
        Multiple publications and datasets are issued each year, including early releases, issue briefs, statistical reports, directories and
        handbooks of standard terminology. Some publications are very narrow, others take a broader perspective. A search feature is available
        for querying not only publications but also tables and figures and the website as a whole. Publications are available online as PDFs and
        many are contained in zip files due to their size. Materials are well organized through tabs located at the top of the webpage. A “Surveys
        and Programs” tab serves to sort the data into the following categories: Assessment, early Childhood, Elementary/Secondary,
        International, Library, Postsecondary and Resources. Multiple data tools are available through another tab, including an instrument that
        allows users to build custom tables and datasets. Yet another tab provides a search feature for locating information about specific
        schools, colleges and libraries of both public and private natures. Despite the practical purpose of the website, its homepage provides a
        lively welcome to visitors through features such as “What‟s New,” “Kids‟ Zone,” “Did You Know?” and “Data Snapshot.” These
        features give warmth to cold statistics and provide a simple entry point into the extensive world of data contained within the website. To
        remain current, visitors may subscribe to receive emails on specific topics through NewsFlash, an alert service accessed via a link
        located at the top of the page.
                                                                                                                                   [Author: A. Emerson]
OpenNet Initiative
        URL: http://opennet.net/
        The OpenNet Initiative (ONI) is a research collaboration of three partnering institutions: the Citizen Lab at the Munk Centre for
        International Studies at the University of Toronto, the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, and the SecDev
        Group in Ottawa. ONI seeks “to investigate, expose and analyze Internet filtering and surveillance practices in a credible and non-
        partisan fashion.” ONI explores the negative consequences of filtering and surveillance with the intent of influencing public policy and
        advocacy. The Initiative takes a multi-disciplinary approach that includes developing methodologies for studying filtering and
        surveillance, and pursuing studies looking at the current and future trends of Internet surveillance and filtering with a focus on
        implications for law. The highlights of the website are the “About Filtering” and the “Research” sections. The explanation and
        discussion of filtering is quite informative. The site makes the distinction between Internet censorship and Internet filtering. The former
        includes content restrictions, while the latter encompasses the technical approaches employed to control access to information on the
        Internet. Four filtering/censoring techniques are noted: technical blocking, search result removals, take-down, and induced self-
        censorship. Moreover, there are four points of control at which filtering can occur: the Internet backbone, Internet service providers,
        institutions, and individual computers. The site goes on to discuss filtering flaws and how ONI studies filtration. The "Research" section
        includes country profiles, regional overviews, reports and articles, and filtering maps. The profiles and overviews help users understand
        the state of filtering in various countries. Users should check into the reports and articles for bulletins, case studies, and in-depth articles.
        The maps provide an interactive way to explore the level of filtering across the globe on topics such as politics and social issues.
                                                                                                                                 [Author: M. Morrison]




                                                                                                                                                      36

				
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