HSB 4M0- Unit 1 Test Review

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					                                 HSB 4M0- Unit 1 Test Review
Terms, Definitions, Theories
   - Definition of Psychology, Anthropology, Sociology
   - Identify type of social scientist
   - Comparing the 3 disciplines (chart)
   - Approaches/Interests of Anthropology: Ethnocentrism, Cross-Cultural Relativism,
      Cultural Relativism, and Kinship (handout)
   - Schools of Thought: Anthropology (Functionalism, Structuralism, Cultural Materialism),
      Psychology (Psychoanalytic, Behaviourism, Learning Theory), Sociology (Neo Marxism,
      Feminist Theory, Inclusionism)
   - Define Social Change
   - Define, explain, and provide an example for the 3 major sources of cultural change:
      invention, discovery, diffusion
   - Define and explain enculturation
   - Define the processes of acculturation, incorporation, directed change, and cultural
      evolution and provide an example for each
   - Define and explain the theories of cognitive consistency and cognitive dissonance
   - Carl Jung and the ‘collective unconscious’
   - Identify 4 sociologists and explain their relevant theories including key terms: Immanuel
      Wallerstein, Dorothy Smith, Thelma McCormick, W.E.B. DuBois
   - Define conditions for and impediments to social change: charismatic leader, role of
      elites, populace ready for change, traditional cultural values, and expense
   - Anatomy of a Hypothesis: Independent, Dependent, and Intervening Variables
   - Define technology, technological determinism, future shock, technosis
   - Describe some negative and positive effects of technology

   Studies (aim, procedure, findings/conclusions, ethical concerns, applications)
   - John Watson (Little Albert, Classical Conditioning)
   - Ivan Pavlov (Salivating Dogs, Classical Conditioning)
   - B.F. Skinner (Pigeons and Rats Skinner Boxes, Operant Conditioning)
   - Albert Bandura (Bobo Doll, Social Learning Theory)
   - Leon Festinger (Cognitive Dissonance)

Practice Questions:

1. Define ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, and kinship and explain one specific example for
each term by drawing on the article, ‘Challenges of Prison Ethnography,’ and the film

2. List and explain one example for each of the three major sources of cultural change as
according to anthropologists.

3. Define acculturation, incorporation, directed change and cultural evolution and explain how
these terms can be understood in the articles, ‘Veiled Rebellion’ and ‘Experiments in
Democracy: Egypt, Tunisia, and the US.’
4. Define the cognitive dissonance theory and explain one practical example that illustrates this
theory, plus 2 examples from the article, “Gareth Thomas…The Only Openly Gay Male
Athlete”, that equally demonstrate this theory.

5. In what ways is Dorothy Smith’s textual discourse theory about men and women applicable to
the documentary ‘Dreamworlds 3: Desire, Sex, and Power in Music Videos’?

6. Define the three conditions for social change and the two conditions against it; then explain
these three social conditions for and one social condition against social change, by using the
article ‘Crisis in Little Rock, Arkansas’.

7. Define technosis and explain how this can be understood in the article, ‘Paediatricians warn
about Facebook depression.’

8. How can technology negatively affect teenagers as according to, “Texting May Rewire Your
Brain”, “Teen Brains under Construction”, and ‘The Wild World of a Teen Brain’. Be sure to
explain in detail three specific examples in total from the articles.

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