The Future of GIS Services in Academic Libraries: by fa9tno


									     The Future of
    GIS Services in
 Academic Libraries:
Exploring the Next Step

Christine Kollen, Geography & Maps
 Librarian, Social Sciences Team,
    University of Arizona Library

Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   1

 History of GIS in Libraries
 Current focus
 Changes effecting GIS in libraries
 Trends in academic libraries
 Changes at UA
 Acquiring geospatial data
 Beyond the Arizona Electronic Atlas
 Next Steps
          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   2
        History of GIS in Libraries
 Libraries see advantages in the early 1990s as GIS software
  becomes more user friendly
 Partnership between ESRI (GIS software producer) and ARL --
  ARL GIS Literacy Project (1992) provides training in GIS
  software and access to spatial data
 Libraries are starting to provide web access to geospatial data
  to create maps and to provide access to data
 Examples include:
       Massachusetts Electronic Atlas (morphed into) the Harvard
        Geospatial Library
       Washington State Geospatial Data Archive
       Inside Idaho (University of Idaho)
       University of Virginia GeoStat
       University of Connecticut’s MAGIC collection
       University of Arizona’s Arizona Electronic Atlas

                 Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006               3
     UA Library’s GIS History
 UA became involved with the ARL GIS Literacy
  Project and offered GIS services in 1996
 Developed GeoFac in 1998 in response to
  student requests for help with the software
 Developed the Arizona Electronic Atlas in 2004
  in response to student comments about
 Went from geospatial data on CD-ROM and
  access to GIS software through one designated
  computer to currently providing access from all
  computers in the Information Commons (Main,
  Science-Engineering, and Fine Arts Libraries)

            Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   4
           What are other
         ARL Libraries doing?
SPEC Kit on Spatial Data Collections & Services (Dec.
  2005) reported:
 Growth in no. of locations offering spatial data support on
 Shift to disciplines beyond geography
 Challenges reported include: data collection and data
  licensing for digital data; processing and storage of
  electronic formats and online maps
 Increase in responsibilities for cataloging & acquisition
 Half report increase in reference & instruction
 Most have seen an increase in spatial data users
 Increase in use of digital spatial data
 Some report decrease in GIS software consultation,
  students & faculty are pretty independent

              Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006          5
    Other Academic Libraries

Survey of implementation and use of GIS in 128
  smaller academic libraries
 Out of 138 responses, 22 have adopted GIS in
  their library and 28 are planning to in the near
 The survey focused on hardware & software,
  staffing, levels of service, training, monetary
  support, and use in the implementation of GIS
 Difficult to get started with providing GIS
  services without also obtaining outside funding
            Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006     6
   Campus GIS Environment

 GIS services the Library provides strongly
  related to what GIS classes and services are
  available on campus and their needs
 School of Natural Resources’ Advanced
  Resources Technology group has operated a
  GIS lab since 1988
 School of Social and Behavioral Sciences
  opened a GIS lab in 1999
 More classes are being taught that utilize GIS
  software – desktop GIS and internet

            Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   7
    UA Advanced Resources
    Technology (ART) Group
Part of the College of Agriculture and Life
 Units on campus with GIS spatial needs are
  coming to ART
 Requests for application development – such
  as using hand-helds to gather field data
 Newly approved GIS certification for graduate
  students (jointly administered between ART &
 In classes, students are created ArcIMS
           Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   8
    Center for Applied Spatial
        Analysis (CASA)
 In the College of Social and Behavioral
  Sciences (SBS). Similar mission as ART but
  not as developed
 Faculty and graduate students in SBS come to
  them for assistance/training

            Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   9
         GeoVisualization Lab

 New lab (fall 2005) in the Dept. of Geography
    and Regional Development
   Combines research, teaching, and collaboration
    with the community
   Lab is mainly for faculty that teach urban
    revitalization and public funding projects
   Work with community groups to help them
    address an issue or problem
   Help community develop GIS skills
   Students in the classes develop ArcIMS sites
             Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   10
  Current Focus at UA Library

 Arizona Electronic Atlas
 Acquiring geospatial data
 Providing GIS software and data help

          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   11
   Changes that are effecting
       GIS in Libraries
 GIS is evolving to a federated technology – will
  be distributed and federated
 Organized in metadata catalogs requiring
  interoperability and content guidelines
 Increased availability of online geospatial data
  especially for the United States – as an
  example the release of the U.S.Geological
  Survey National Map
 GIS for the Nation – participants from NGOs,
  federal, state, local & universities
            Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006     12
   Changes that are effecting
    GIS in Libraries (cont.)
 Online interactive mapping, such as
 Google’s release of Google Earth and
  Google Map’s APIs
 Integration of GIS into non-geography

          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   13
       What trends do other
       ARL Libraries see?
 Overall demand is growing
 Increase in spatial data acquisition and
  user demand for GIS reference services
 Increase in conversion of analog
  materials to digital
 Increase in acquiring foreign digital
  geospatial data

          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   14
              What are other ARL
              Libraries planning?
 Explore data acquisition & discovery strategies
 Add more staff
 Change in Service goals – assistance in locating data,
    selecting the appropriate use of spatial data instead of how to
    use the software
   Promote GIS to users from disciplines new to GIS
   More BI and GIS projects, larger web presence through
    ArcIMS projects
   Collection development policy for acquiring geospatial data
   Tools to facilitate collaboration between data users, scholars,
    and the community.
   Investigate usability of geospatial tools for searching

                  Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006          15
     Map Libraries in Transition
 Conference sponsored by Cartographic Users
    Advisory Council was held last May
   Wonderful opportunity for Geography, Map, &
    GIS Librarians to come together to hear talks
    focused on maps/spatial data, to discuss issues
    of common concern, and how we can
   One result was to develop a map scanning
   How can the individual organizations work more
    effectively together?
   Hold this conference more frequently

             Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   16
  Future Direction & Needs of
      GIS at UA campus
 GIS certification for graduate students
 GeoServ – portal to three UA sites: ART,
  CASA, Arizona Remote Sensing Center
     Add Atlas later if concept is proven
     Add Arizona state agencies
 Data needs include online access to
  spatial data of Mexico and current street
  level data for Arizona with geocoding

            Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   17
   Needs Assessment of the
    Arizona Electronic Atlas
Needs assessment as part of Atlas
  Business Plan last year
 Emphasis on community outreach --
  translating research that we do at the
  University into a language that the public
  can understand.
 Go beyond mapping to develop
  mechanisms or tools to help users make
          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   18
Atlas Needs Assessment (cont)
 Data and data-related needs for research:
     More local data, federal data, border data
      (into Mexico)
    More collaboration and networking across
      various departments on campus to obtain
 Develop static maps that could easily be used
  in classes
 Develop more interdisciplinary map themes in
  the Atlas such as Environmental Justice
 Resource that helps teach geographic concepts
  such as scale, projection, use of color
           Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   19
 Changes at the UA Libraries

 UA Libraries this past year has
  reorganized in order to be more flexible
  and able to deal with changes in the
 One of our new cross-functional teams,
  Delivery & Access investigated how the
  Library should deal with data sets and is
  also administering a fund for new and
  continuing Digital Initiatives
          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   20
   Future Directions at the
 University of Arizona Library
 Move from providing assistance with GIS
  software (most students no longer need
 Provide online access to spatial data
 Continue to provide access to mapping
  Arizona data through the Atlas
 Going beyond the Atlas – more
  collaboration on campus through new
 Digitizing aerial photography
          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   21
    Acquiring Geospatial Data
 Faculty and students in general are requesting
  that more and more information be available
 A lot of U.S. geospatial data is available online
      Exceptions include current streets and local data
 Majority of information published by the federal
  government is available online – maps are not
 Country data is needed
      Deciding what to purchase (take into account the
       cost and licensing)
 Spatial data for Mexico and other Latin
  American countries

              Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006         22
    Decision Support Tools &
Translating Science for the Public
 Move to go beyond ArcIMS applications
  such as the Atlas to create more of a
  decision support tool
 Need to translate science occurring at
  the universities into information the
  public can use
 Example: Geography’s GeoVisualization
  Lab and use of CommunityViz
 Example: Arid Land’s WALTER site

         Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   23
                New Initiative

 Need outside funding to move forward
  with the Atlas
 Importance of collaborating with other
  units on campus
     Importance of identifying units with similar
      interests and challenges
 ClimateView
 How is the approach to ClimateView
  different than the Atlas?

            Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006     24
              What’s Next?

 Work with groups on campus to integrate
  the use of ClimateView into the
 Move on to other topics of importance to
  the campus and the state
 Continue developing these modules that
  work with the Atlas and provide key
  learning modules

          Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   25

Living the Future 6 -- April 6, 2006   26

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