CORSO ELEMENTI DI LINGUA INGLESE by 8q6RA8

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									                      CORSO ELEMENTI DI LINGUA INGLESE
                  UNIVERSITA DELLA TERZA ETA’ - UNITRE ISILI-

                                         Prof.ssa Lucia Cardia

                                             PROGRAMMA
                                             AS 2005 – 2006


Insegnamento:           Elementi di Lingua inglese corso base livello A.1
Docente:                Lucia Cardia
Anno di corso:          1° anno
Periodo:                febbraio 2005 - giugno 2006
N. ore:                 30
Data inizio:            20 febbraio
Data fine corso         30 giugno
Orario:                 lunedì ore 15.30 – 17.00 gruppoA
                        venerdì ore 15.30 – 17.00 gruppoB



Obiettivi del corso
L’obiettivo del corso è di consentire ai corsisti di acquisire lessico e conoscenze di base della grammatica
inglese, con particolare riguardo alla formazione della frase e ai principali tempi verbali.
Il livello del corso è quindi “beginner” ed indirizzato ai principianti assoluti. Alla fine del corso i
partecipanti saranno in grado di comprendere ed utilizzare espressioni familiari di uso quotidiano e
formule molto comuni per soddisfare bisogni di tipo concreto e saranno in grado di interagire in modo
semplice con un interlocutore che parli lentamente e chiaramente e sia disposto a collaborare.



Programma del corso e metodologia
Il corso si dividerà in unità di lavoro, della durata di circa due ore, durante le quali si svolgeranno le
seguenti attività:
- ascolto e/o lettura ad alta voce di un testo di lettura su argomenti vari, comprensione
   arricchimento lessicale;
- osservazioni grammaticali;
- traduzione in lingua italiana e risposta a semplici domande in lingua inglese.
Si farà riferimento al testo Right Now! Language Essentials per principianti assoluti ma sarà anche
fornita una dispensa contenente testi ed esercizi.


Principali argomenti:

Parte grammaticale
 - Formazione e uso dei tempi verbali, in particolare:
   o Present simple
   o Imperativo
   o Present progressive

 - Modal verbs (can)
 - Articoli definiti e indefiniti
 - Pronomi soggetto/complemento
 - Aggettivi possessivi
 - Dimostrativi: this/that, these/those
 - Plurale dei nomi
 - Question words: what-where-when-how-who- how many-how much-how often
 - Genitivo sassone
 - There is- there are
 - Preposizioni di luogo: in-at-on-under-next to-behind-between-in front of-near-among
 - Preposizioni di tempo: at-in-on
 - Linking words: and-but-or-because
 - Avverbi di frequenza
 - Espressioni di quantità: Some/any, much/many, a lot.
 - Struttura della frase e del periodo: SVO,posizione dell’aggettivo, forme interrogative e negative,
 connectors,subordinate clauses.



Funzioni e lessico

- Presentare se stesso e altri
- Salutare
- Parlare della provenienza
- Parlare di ciò che si possiede
- Parlare della propria famiglia e dei rapporti di parentela
- Parlare di ciò che si sa o non si sa fare
- Parlare dei mestieri e delle attività nel tempo libero
- Dire e chiedere l’età
- Descrivere una stanza e gli oggetti al suo interno
- Parlare della nazionalità
- Dire e chiedere l’ora
- Parlare della frequenza con la quale si compie una azione

- Alfabeto
- Numeri
- Colori
- Mestieri
- Sport
- Casa
- Ora
- Giorni della settimana e mesi
- Nazioni e nazionalità
                       Presente del verbo essere (to be)

Affirmative                Question form Negative                       Short answers
I am          (I’m)        Am I a student?        I’m not a student     Yes, I am / No, I’m not

You are       (You're)     Are you a student?     You are not /aren’t   Yes, you are/ No, you
                                                  a student             aren’t
He,she, it is (He’s)       Is she a student?      He is not /isn’t      Yes, he is/ No, he isn’t

We are        (We’re)      Are we students?       We are not /aren’t    Yes, we are/ No, we aren’t

You are       (you’re)     Are you students?      You are not/aren’t    Yes, you are/ No, you
                                                                        aren’t
They are      (they’re)    Are they students?     They are not/aren’t   Yes, they are/No, they
                                                                        aren’t

- He’s English
- She isn’t my sister
- Are they our teachers?

                      Presente del verbo avere (to have)
 Affirmative Question                           Negative           Short answers
             form
 I have got               Have I got?/          I haven’t got      Yes, I have / No, I haven’t.
 (I’ve)
                          Do I have?            I don’t have       Yes, I do / No, I don’t
 You have                 Have you got?         You haven’t got    Yes, you have / No, you haven’t.
 (You’ve)
                          Do you have?          You don’t have     Yes, you do /No, you don’t
 He/she/it has            Has she got?          She hasn’t (got)   Yes, he/she/it has / No, he/she/it
 (He’s got)                                                        hasn’t
                          Does she have?        She doesn’t have   Yes, she does / No, she doesn’t
 We have                  Have we got?          We haven’t got     Yes, we have / No,we haven’t
 (We've)
                          Do we have?           We don’t have      Yes, we do / No, we don’t
 You have                 Have you got?         You haven’t got    Yes, you have / No, you haven’t.
 (You’ve)
                          Do you have?          You don’t have     Yes, you do / No, you don’t
 They have                Have they got?        They haven’t got   Yes, they have / No, they haven’t.
 (They’ve)
                          Do they have?         They don’t have    Yes, they do / No, they don’t

- I have got a new car
- Angela’s got a computer
- She hasn’t got a new car
- Have you got Robbie Williams’ new record?
                                             L’articolo
Art. determinativo

The = il, lo, la, i, gli, le

the rooms of the house

nb: di norma l’articolo determinativo the non si usa con

       sostantivi plurali usati in senso generico
        es: Children need love. Cars pollute the air
       sostantivi astratti                                    es: Love doesn’t mean happiness
       nomi di lingue                                         es: Italian is beautiful
       nomi singolari di paesi e altri nomi geografici        es: France is near England
       nomi di sport, colori, giochi                          es: I like green. I like tennis
       giorni della settimana, mesi, stagioni, anni
        es: The weather is nice in May. In 1987
       nomi propri di persona e Mr,Mrs,Ms                     es: Where’s Mr Smith?
       alcuni luoghi e mezzi di trasporto
         es: at home, at work, at school, by car, on foot

di norma l’articolo determinativo the si usa

      per riferirsi a qualcosa menzionato prima o noto agli interlocutori
       es: He goes to a school in London. The school is old
      per riferirsi a qualcosa unica al mondo
       es: The moon. I like the internet
      con le parti del giorno ed espressioni di tempo
        es: In the morning. In the evening
      con alcuni nomi geografici
       es: The USA The United Kingdom
      con gli strumenti musicali
       es: I play the piano




Art. indeterminativo

a (an davanti a vocale) = un, uno una

The computer is a complex machine
The car is an Italian car

    nb: l’articolo indeterminativo a si usa anche con sostantivi che cominciano con i suoni /ju/ /w/
    es: Can you open a window, please? /'windou/
          France is a European country. /ֽjuərə'pi(:)ən/
                             Il plurale dei sostantivi:

one car                             two cars

a story                             many stories

a boy                                four boys

one knife                           two knives

one actress                         two actresses

nb: Se il nome termina con y preceduta da consonante, la y si trasforma in i prima di aggiungere
     la s del plurale;
    se il nome termina con la lettera f , essa si trasforma in v prima di aggiungere la s;
    se il nome termina con un suono sibilante (s, ss, z, ch, sh, x) o con la vocale o, il plurale si
    forma aggiungendo es.




alcuni plurali irregolari

man                                                   men
policeman                                             policemen
woman                                                 women
child                                                 children
grandchild                                            grandchildren
foot                                                  feet
tooth                                                 teeth
person                                                people
curriculum                                            curricula/curriculums
phenomenon                                            phenomena
criterion                                             criteria
stimulus                                              stimuli
                                   Simple present
USO DEL SIMPLE PRESENT:

   - Azioni abituali, stati di fatto,

   - Con le espressioni:
       o always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, seldom, never
       o every day, every week, every month, every year

   - Verbi di percezione, pensiero, gusti (I think, I like, I love, I hate)


To think = pensare

Affirmative                    Question form                   Negative
I think                        do I think?                     I don’t think
You think                      do you think?                   you don’t think
He/she/it thinks               Does she think?                 she doesn’t think
We think                       Do we think?                    we don’t think
You think                      do you think?                   you don’t think
They think                     do they think?                  they don’t think
- Do you like movies?

      - yes I do / No, I don’t
      - yes / no
      - yes, I like movies a lot

(study -ies) (go -es) (miss -es) (tax -es) (finish -es) (catch -es) (buzz -es)

Susan studia molto         =  Susan studies a lot
Susan non studia molto =      Susan doesn’t study a lot
Lei va in chiesa ogni giorno = She goes to church everyday
Lui ronza come una vespa = He buzzes like a wasp
Marco non finisce il test!   = Marco doesnt finish the test!
John and Mary non studiano = John and Mary don't study
Studi molto? No. = Do you study a lot? No, I don’t
Studia molto?       = Does she study a lot? No, she doesn’t
        SIMPLE PRESENT: complete the tables with the missing subjects and verbs


                                                         To be –
             To be +                                                                      Questions ?

I am (I’m….)                       I am not (I’m not)                            Am I?
You are (       )




                                                          To have –
             To have +                                                                     Questions ?

I have (I’ve….)                            I have not (I’ve not)                     Have I?




                                                          Can –
              Can +                                                                       Questions ?

I can                                  I can not ( I can’t -I cannot)            Can I?




 simple present +          simple present -          Questions      Short answer +        Short answer-

I work                 I don't work.               Do I work?       Yes, I do.       No, I don't.
I live                 I                           Do               Yes, I do        No, I don’t
I go
I speak
I eat
I drink
     simple present
                            simple present -           Questions          Short answer +    Short answer-
           +

     I read.            I don’t read               Do I read?                              No, I don’t.
     You
                        He does not (doesn’t)
     He                                            Does he read?       Yes, he does.       No, he doesn’t.
                        read.
     She reads.
     It
     We
     You
     They


SIMPLE PRESENT PRACTICE
Fill the gaps with the verbs . Use Simple Present.

EXERCISE 1
Example:____ she ___ books? (to read)
Answer: Does she read books?

1.        They _______ handball. (to play)
2.        She ________ emails. (not/to write)
3.        _______ you ________English? (to speak)
4.        The children _________ fish. (not/to like)
5.        Andy's brother __________ in an office. (to work)
6.        ________ Joe and Jim ________the flowers? (to water)
7.        _________ Elisabeth ________ a bike? (to ride)
8. My mother __________ my clothes. (not/to wash)

EXERCISE 2

1.          She _________ four languages. (speak)
2.          How many languages _______she______? (speak)
3.          Jane is a teacher. She ______ French. (teach)
4.          What ____________she _________? (teach)
5.          I always _________ the window at night because it is cold. (close)
6.          Why ____you ________ the window at night? (close)
7.          Those shoes ______ too much. (cost)
8.           How much ________those shoes ________? (cost)
9.          The food in Japan is expensive. It ______ a lot to live there. (cost)
EXERCISE 3

1. They__________ill.
2. Andrew____________tired.
3. ___________the children quiet?.
4. Max___________in Helsinki.
5. She__________at home for dinner.
6. The water ____________cold.
7. There_____________a good film on TV.
8. We___________in Brazil.
9. Betty and Mary__________at school this morning.
10. I_______________ play the piano
11. They______________ speak Chinese.
12. ____________________ got a car?
13. We _________________ two brothers but we ____________ three brothers and two sisters!
14. He ___________ roast beef for dinner.




EXERCISE 4

Rendi in inglese le seguenti frasi

1. Tu non hai una macchina blu.
    __________________________________
2. Sono solito cantare la mattina.
    __________________________________
3. Quando suoni il piano?
    __________________________________
4. Cosa ne pensi di Sara?
    __________________________________
5. Essi non danzano al night club.
    __________________________________
6. Lui incontra milioni di persone ogni anno!
    __________________________________
7. Le famiglie sono molto piccole oggi.
    __________________________________
8. Lei non sa parlare il giapponese.
    __________________________________
9. Lui va sempre in bagno quando pulisco!
    __________________________________
10. Piove spesso in primavera.
   _________________________
                              QUESTION WORDS

Why?                                             Perché? (risposta: because.....)
How much?                                        Quanto?
How many?                                        Quanti?
How old                                          Quanti anni?
When?                                            Quando?
What.....like? How....?                          Come?
What?                                            Cosa?
Where?                                           Dove?
Which?                                           Quale?
Who?                                             Chi?
Whose?                                           Di chi?
What about?                                      Cosa ne dici?


   Question word             Auxiliary                   Subject                    Verb

What                    do                       you                       read?
How much
When
Why
Where
How often
How many books
Which books



                       Be/Modal         Subject/Object              Verb           Complement
 Question word

What             can               you                       do               for me?
How much         is                this shirt?
When             is                your birthday?
Why              are               you                       tired?
Where            is                my father?
How often        is                he                        late             in the evening?
How many books   are                                                          on the table?
Which books      are               yours?
When             is                she                       going            to London?
   Question word            auxiliary               subject                   verb

What                  do                   you                      read?
How
When
Why
Where
How often
How many books




Question word         auxiliary           subject       adverb of frequency           verb

What             do                 I                 always                  read?
Where                               you
What                                                  never


Why                                 she                                       ask questions?
                                                      sometimes
When                                                  usually                 write letters?
                                    he
           PRONOMI SOGGETTO E OGGETTO

    Subject pronoun                            Object pronoun
    I                                          me
    You                                        you
    He                                         him
    She                                        her
    It                                         it
    We                                         us
    You                                        you
    They                                       them


         AGGETTIVI E PRONOMI POSSESSIVI
Possessive adjective                           Possessive pronoun
my                                             mine
your                                           yours
his                                            his
her                                            hers
its                                            its
our                                            ours
your                                           yours
their                                          theirs

Exercise 1: insert the subject pronouns
Example:      ___ often reads books. (Peter)
Answer:       He often reads books.

1. ________is reading a book. (Willy)
2. ________is green. (The blackboard)
3. ________are on the wall (The posters)
4. ________is running. (The dog)
5. ________are watching TV. (My mother and I)
6. ________are in the garden. (The flowers)
7. ________is riding his bike. (Tom)
8. ________are dirty. (Robin's shoes)
9. ________has got a brother. (Diana)
10. Have _______got a computer? (Mandy)



Exercise 2: insert the object pronouns
1. The teacher always gives the pupils homework.
2. I read the book to my little sister.
3. The boys are riding their bikes.
4. My father is writing a letter to John.
5. I don't know the answer.
6. Open the window, please.
7. Sally is going to Anne.
8. Can you tell the people the way to the cinema, please?
9. The books are for Peter.
10. Can you help my sister and me?



Exercise 3: insert the possessive adjectives


Example:        I have got a sister. ___ name is Susan.
Answer:         I have got a sister. Her name is Susan.

Hello,
_______name is John. This is _______friend Jason. He's 12. ________sister is nine.
________pet is a budgie. _______name is Dickens. We go to the same school. There are
450 boys and girls in _________school. Jason's science teacher is Mrs. Peterson. She's
nice. _______pet is a tortoise.

I like _________science teacher. He's nice, too. _______pets are five dogs. They like to
play in _______big garden. Now I have a question for you. What's ______pet?
Yours,
John
                  QUANTIFIERS: SOME AND ANY

Some e any indicano quantità non precisate.

In genere, si usa some nelle frasi affermative,

si usa any nelle domande e nelle frasi negative:

     I need some new clothes.
     We haven't got any sugar.
     Do you have any pins?

ATTENZIONE:

Quando si fa un'offerta, o una richiesta e ci si attende risposta affermativa,
si usa some anche nella domanda:

     Would you mind getting some bread while you're at the shops?
     Shall I bring some drinks to the party?



 Insert some or any

 1. Are there ______ people at the bar?
 2. Sorry, we haven’t got ______change.
 3. I wish I had _____ more time!
 4. Would you like _____cake?
 5. Could I borrow _______ sugar please?
 6. Would you mind getting ________ coffee?
 7. There aren’t _______ chairs.
 8. There are ________ beautiful flowers in the vase.
 9. There is ________ milk in the bottle.
 10 I need ________ money to buy my car.
             STRUTTURA DELLA FRASE INGLESE

Frase affermativa:
                      S+(aux)V+O
She works in an office
She is English
I am studying English this term

Frase interrogativa:
                             AUX+ S+V+O
Is she English?
Have you lived….?
Does she work in an office?

NB: Per formare la frase interrogativa e negativa, bisogna distinguere due casi:

  1.    L’ausiliare non c’era nella frase affermativa (simple present, simple
        past)

        - Bisogna aggiungerlo nella forma negativa e interrogativa!

  2.    L’ausiliare c’era già nella frase affermativa
        - Nella frase interrogativa l’ausiliare si antepone al soggetto
        - Nella frase negativa la negazione segue l’ausiliare
                               Present continuous

Uso del present continuous:
- azione in corso di svolgimento (oppure azione futura)

- indicazioni di tempo: now, at the moment, this week, today



Il present continuous (o progressive) si forma con il presente del verbo be e il
verbo principale con desinenza -ing

                               am/are/is + VB-ING

Affirmative                 Negative                      Question form
I am trying                 I’m not trying                Am I trying?
You are trying              You aren’t trying             Are you trying?
He/she/it is trying         He isn’t trying               Is she trying?
We are trying               We aren’t trying              Are we trying?.
You are trying              You aren’t trying             Are you trying?
They are trying             They aren’t trying            Are they trying?


Cosa stai facendo? = What are you doing?

Sto guardando la tv (watch) = I’m watching TV

Jane sta studiando = Jane is studying

Sto mangiando un gelato = I am eating an ice-cream

Perchè non stai studiando? = Why aren't you studying?

Sto cercando di imparare l’inglese = I’m trying to learn English
                      PRESENT CONTINUOUS WORKSHEET

          Present continuous: complete the tables with the missing subjects and verbs



             +                            ?                                 -
  I am reading                am I reading?                 I am not reading
  You are reading




EXERCISE 1: PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps. Use Present Continuous/Progressive.
Watch the example below.

Example: ____________ books? (She/to read)
Answer: Is she reading books?

1 _____ she ____________ the museum? (she/to visit)
2. _________ you ___________with a pencil? (you/to write)
3. _______ the boys ________ comics? (the boys/to read)
4. ________ they __________at pictures? (they/to look)
5. Helen and Anne ___________ photos (Helen and Ann/to take)
6. __________ your brother ___________a lot of noise? (your brother/to make)
7. __________ the teacher ___________ the classroom? (the teacher/to leave)
8. __________the girls __________ text messages? (the girls/to send)
9. __________the dog ________ under the tree ? (the dog/to sit)
10. ________ Kimberly __________ questions? (Kimberly/to ask)
EXERCISE 2: SIMPLE PRESENT OR PRESENT CONTINUOUS?

Fill in the verbs in the right tense: Simple Present or Present Continuous

Example: Steve always ____ (to ride) his bike in the afternoon.
Answer: Steve always rides his bike in the afternoon.

1. Andy sometimes ___________ a comic. (read)
2. I__________ my friend at the moment. (phone)
3. Listen! Sandy_________ in the bathroom. (sing)
4. My sister usually _________ in the kitchen.(eat)
5. Look! The boys __________ home. (come)
6. My mother _________ breakfast now. (make)
7. We never __________ a video in the morning. (watch)
8. They often ___________the bathroom. (clean)
9. My grandfather __________for a walk every day. (go)
10. Cats ________ mice (eat)



EXERCISE 3: SIMPLE PRESENT OR PRESENT CONTINUOUS?

Fill in the verbs in the right tense: Simple Present or Present Continuous

1 Mary:- You usually _____(go) to work by car, don’t you? Peter: - Yes, but the car
______(belong) to my mother and she sometimes ______ want it.
She ______(use) it today, to take Tom to the dentist.

2 Ann: - Where _________(you go), Paul?
  Paul: - I _____(go) out to buy some cigarettes

3 Mary: - ________(you know) that boy?
  Ann: - Yes, he’s a friend of my brother’s. He often _______(come) to our house.
                                                 Unit 1

                                THE MYSTERY OF MIKURA
Toshiro always walks three kilometres a day, and he sometimes rides a motorbike. He often works in his
garden, and he usually does martial arts in the morning. He is never stressed, and he is hardly ever ill. Not
unusual you think? But Toshiro is 97 years old.
He lives on the isle of Mikura in Japan, where people live a very long time. What is their secret?

1------------------------------
The Mikurans eat vegetables, fruit, fish, soya and rice. They usually have seven potions of fruit and
vegetables a day. People don’t usually drink much alcohol or smoke. They don’t eat much meat or fast
food.

2------------------------------
Physical activity is very important. Martial arts, walking, traditional dancing and gardening are very
popular with people of all ages.

3------------------------------
In many countries people have healthy diets and do exercise. They are not stressed, they are relaxed and
take their time. Buses are hardly ever on time and people often arrive an hour late for meetings. Every
evening hundreds of people, young and old, go to the beach to watch the beautiful sunset. People often
meditate to relax.

4------------------------------
Another important thing is that people often work until they are 80- sometimes 90! In the Mikuran dialect
there is no word for “retired”. They are busy and active all their lives. Old people don’t stay at home –
they go out and meet friends. When journalists ask people “What is the secret of your long life?”, they
answer “We are happy, we are always positive, and we are never in a hurry.”

   1) Answer the questions

What nationality is Toshiro?
How old do you think he is?
What is unusual about Mikuran people?
What is their secret?
Do people in your country live like the Mikurans?
What’s different? What’s the same?

   2) Read the article and put a heading in each gap


ALWAYS ACTIVE

LOW STRESS

EXERCISE

A HEALTHY DIET
Adverbs of frequency
   3) Write the highlighted word in the chart

100% Always
     ----------
     ----------
     ----------
     ----------
0    ----------

   4) Add an adverb of frequency to the sentences

   - I walk to work
   - I do sport or exercise
   - I use public transports
   - I am stressed
   - I am late
   -

   5) Complete the quiz


Sixty seconds= a minute

Sixty minutes= a _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Twenty-four hours= a _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Seven days= a _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Four weeks= a _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Twelve months= a _ _ _ _ _ _


PRESENT SIMPLE

   6) Use the negative and interrogative form for these sentences

   - She walks to work
   - The Mikurans eat vegetables, fruit and fish
   - I do sport or exercise
   - People have healthy diets
   - They use public transports
   - I am stressed
   - He is late
   - They are relaxed
   - We take our time
   - I go out
   - He meets his friends
   - Journalists ask people
   - They are busy and active all their lives
   - He goes to the beach to watch the beautiful sunset
                                                  Unit 2

                                        WE NEED WATER

A Why do we need to drink water?
We all know that our bodies need water. Water cleans our body, controls our temperature, and helps to
keep us healthy. About 70% of our body is water

B ___________________________
We often read that we need at least eight glasses of water a day (about two litres). The idea probably
comes from mineral water companies!
In fact, how much water we need depends on the weather and on what we’re doing. When we are hot, or
if do sport or exercise, we need to drink more. Some experts say that, in normal conditions, we only really
need about a litre a day.

C ____________________________
No. When temperatures are very low we also need to drink more than on a normal day. This is because
we wear a lot of clothes so we sweat a lot and lose water.

D_____________________________
Yes, of course. We get water from food, especially fruit and vegetables (an apple is 85% water, an onion
is 87%) We can also get water from other drinks like fruit juice, coffee and colas, which contain a lot of
water.
E _____________________________
No. In experiments in America if some people drink only water and other people drink water, cola, and
coffee their hydration is more or less the same.
F_____________________________
Yes. It can be dangerous to drink a lot of water. Recently a British actor nearly died after drinking eight
litres of water a day for several months.

Ex 1 Choose the right question for the article.

Why do we need to drink water?
Do people need less water when the weather’s cold?
Can we drink too much water?
Can we get the water we need from other drinks or food?
How much water do we need to drink a day?
Do coke and coffee make us dehydrated?

Ex 2   Complete the questions with How much or How many.

 a.    ______________ cups of tea
 b.    ______________ milk                                                 | Two or three
 c.    ______________ glasses of wine |                                    | A lot
 d.    ______________ cups of coffee | do you drink a day?                 |Quite a lot
 e.    ______________ fruit juice     |                                    | Not much/many
 f.    ______________ beer                                                 | None
 g.    ______________ mineral water
 h.    ______________ Coke
                                       How much water do you drink?

     What do many people take with them everywhere these days? A mobile? A credit card?
     Yes, but also a bottle of mineral water. In magazines today there are many articles telling us that we need
     to drink a lot of water to be healthy and beautiful.

     Ex 3   Choose an answer

1.       How much water do you drink a day?                   a.      Only mineral water.
                                                              b.      Only tap water.
a.       I drink a lot of water (2+ litres)                   c.      Mineral water and tap water.
b.       I drink quite a lot of water (1-2 litres)            d.      Mainly fizzy water
c.       I don’t drink much water (0-1 litres)
                                                              4.      Do you think water is…..?

2.       When do you drink water?                             a.      Healthy but boring.
                                                              b.      Healthy and nice.
a.       Very often during the day.                           c.      Perfect when you are thirsty.
b.       Only with my meals.                                  d.      Perfect for your flowers!
c.       Far from meals.
d.       Hardly ever.
                                                              5.      Do you think you need to drink more water?

                                                              a.      Yes, I think so.
3.       What kind of water do you drink?                     b.      No, I don’t.
                                                              c.      I don’t know.

       Ex 4 Ask questions with these words and then answer the questions

            1.   Where/have breakfast?
            2.   How many/chairs/in the room?
            3.   What/do/in the evening?
            4.   How often/go/abroad?
            5.   What time/get up?
            6.   How often/go/to the theatre?
            7.   What/do/after dinner?
            8.   When/control/your temperature?


       Ex 6 Make sentences with the subject and object pronouns you like using the following verbs.

       Love      like   hate    control      help    need   depend on      know     want    ask       answer


       Subject pronouns                                       Object pronouns
       I                                                      me
       You                                                    you
       He                                                     him
       She                                                    her
       It                                                     it
       We                                                     us
       You                                                    you
       They                                                   them
                                                   Unit 3
                                   A LETTER FROM ENGLAND

                                                                           Cambridge Aug. 10th
Dear Martin,
Here I am in Cambridge. I’m staying with a nice family, but this month I’m sharing a room with
Stefano, a boy from Rome, so I speak Italian with him all the time.
The school is O.K. but I’m not studying very hard and I’m not learning a lot of English!
I’m writing this letter in class. The teacher is talking about English newspapers and magazines,
I like them but she is boring and we aren’t listening to her. The weather is awful. It isn’t raining
at the moment but it rains almost every day.
How are you? What are you doing? I hope you are enjoying your school holidays.
Remember me to your family.
Bye for now, Dario

Ex 1 Mark these sentences true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statement

a       Dario is in London
b       He’s staying with a family from Rome
c       He isn’t sharing a room.
d       He isn’t going to school
e       He is studying very hard
f       He’s writing his letter in his bedroom
g       His teacher’s lessons are interesting
h       His teacher is talking about the weather
i       It’s raining




Ex 2 Look at this picture and write the correct number next to the name.

□   Ann is opening the door                                □   Stephen is talking to Christine
□   Frances is wearing a long black dress                  □   Bob is holding a plate of sandwiches
□   Thomas is dancing with Frances                         □   Christine is wearing a short dress
□   Gilliam is standing near the table                     □   Andrew is looking through the window
□   Alex is drinking a glass of wine                       □   Susan is eating
Ex 3    Put these words in order to make sensible sentences.

1. birthday / Mum / your / it / is / tomorrow / 's / ? /
2. dress / long / Frances / black / a / wearing / is /. /
3. CD / him / don't / why / we / buy / a / ? /
4. her / is / the / Ann / homework / moment / doing/ at /. /
5. from / she / Bonn / girl / is / with / staying / a /. /
6. some / please / milk / me / buy 1.1
7. do / this /I / evening / don't / to / know / what /. /
8. Bob / they / to / 's / talking / are / friend /. /
9. to / tomorrow / aren't / school / going / we /. /
10. T-shirt / Alex / wearing / yellow / a / is / . /


Ex 4    Put the verbs in the correct tense (simple present or present continuous)

 1. I never (to have) .............................. breakfast in the morning.
 2. -When you usually (to do) ..............................your homework?
 3. Christine (to have) .............................. lunch at the moment.
 4. You (to wear) .............................. a very nice dress. You (to go) .............................. to a party?
 5. The bus (to leave) .............................. at 7.30 from the station.
 6. Bob (not to have got) .............................. a car.
 7. - You (to know).............................. Martha's new teacher? -No. .............................. .
 8. - Where you (to go)..............................? I (to go) .............................. to the supermarket.
      Why you (not to come) .............................. with me?
 9. I (to learn) .............................. Russian. It (to be) .............................. a very difficult language.
10. Boris (to stay) .............................. with Mr and Mrs Garret. He (to like) ............................. them a lot.


Ex 5    Traduci le frasi

    1. Perché non gli compri un regalo?- Non so cosa comprargli.

    2. Cosa sta facendo Paolo?- Sta scrivendo una lettera in camera sua.

    3. Tua sorella sta imparando a guidare?- Sì, ha già 18 anni.

    4. Di solito vado a scuola a piedi, ma stamattina piove, così prendo l'autobus.

    5. Dove vai?- Vado alla stazione, arriva un mio amico da Genova.

    6. Sei libero domenica pomeriggio?-Sì.- Perché non andiamo a teatro?- Buona idea.

    7. Ascolto sempre la radio a colazione.

    8. -Che cosa fai di solito?- Spesso incontro i miei amici.

    9. Lucy è in classe, sta parlando con la sua insegnante.

    10. Sto studiando il tedesco, è molto difficile

								
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