Slide 1 - US Forest Service by yurtgc548


									Forest Genetic Resources
Working Group

       Introduction for the
 North American Forest Commission
Integrated Working Groups Meeting
         March 3-7, 2008
          Washington DC
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

 Mission: to encourage and promote conservation
   of forest genetic resources
 • To promote the collection, exchange, and dissemination
   of information about forest genetic resources
 • To promote cooperation and coordinate programs of
   research, conservation, training, and exchange among
   the countries of North America
 • To facilitate the exchange of forest genetic resources
   for purposes of conservation or research
  Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

                                                               Jean Beaulieu
                                                               Barry Jaquish
                                                                   Judy Loo
                               Sierra de Manantlán Biosphere
                               Reserve, Jalisco, 2005
                                                           F. Thomas Ledig
                                                           Ron Schmidtling
                                                               Brad St.Clair

                                                 Javier López Upton
                                           Cuauhtémoc Sáenz Romero
Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest,
                                             Jesús Vargas Hernández
Inyo NF, California, 2001
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

           Operating Strategy
• Meetings every 1-2 years
• Identify tasks relevant to our
  objectives and assigns a task force
• National reports to summarize forest
  genetic activities in each nation
• Occasionally make recommendations
  to BOA and agencies

                                         The group has participated in
                                         efforts to conserve a unique
                                         variety of Monterey pine on
                                         Guadalupe Island, Mexico
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

Information exchange
• Since 1961, promoted exchange of information among FGRWG
  members and observers through 24 meetings and study tours
• Organized several scientific meetings including:
   – Symposium on “Potential Effects of Global Warming on Silviculture
     and Genetic Resources”, Morelia, Michoacán, 2004
   – “Silviculture and the Conservation of Genetic Resources for
     Sustainable Forest Management”, XII World Forestry Congress,
     Québec, Québec, 2003
   – Symposium in memory of Dr. Basilio Bermejo Velázquez on “Use and
     Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources”, Jalapa, Veracruz, 2002
   – North American Forest Biology Workshop, Mérida, Yucatán, 2000
   – International Workshop on North American Temperate Forest
     Genetic Resources, Berkeley, California, 1995
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

Training and promoting scientific exchange
• Published the World Directory of Forest Geneticists and Tree
  Breeders (1965, 1977, 1998)
• Created database of “North American Directory of Forest
  Geneticists Interested in Providing Study or Training Opportunities
  in Forest Genetics or Related Disciplines” (on web site)
• Published “Manejo de Recursos Genéticos Forestales” (2nd edition)
• Provided training opportunites for 11 Mexican scientists and
  students at research facilities in the United States and Canada
  during past 12 years
• Conducted a training course for managers on “Seed Management and
  Forest Plant Production for Conservation and Genetic Improvement”,
  Guzmán, Jalisco, 2006
• Since 1999, conducting an ongoing lecture series on Conservation
  Genetics at the Colegio de Postgraduados
 Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

• Conducted genetic surveys of
  several Mexican conifers including
  Picea chihuahuana, Picea martinezii,
  Picea mexicana, Pinus ayacahuite,
  Pinus strobiformis, Pinus
  maximartinesii, and Pinus pinceana
• Since 1997, published results of 13
  collaborative research projects in     Picea mexicana
  scientific journals

                                                          Picea chihuahuana
                                                           Picea chihuahuana
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

             Current Activities
  • 11 active tasks (summary on web site)
  • Will highlight two tasks
     – Translate conservation genetics lectures
       into Spanish
     – Evaluate potential effects of climate change
       and recommend management options
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

 Task 47 – to publish a series of lecture notes on
 forest conservation genetics in Spanish and English
 •   Based on class at Colegio de Postgraduados by Judy Loo
 •   Critique and edit course notes
 •   Expand into comprehensive text
 •   Translate into Spanish
 •   Publish or post on web site
 •   Funds from BOA to help with task

                                                              Judy Loo
            Class Field Trip 2006
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

    Task 51 – To evaluate the potential effects of
    climate change on genetic adaptation of forest tree
    species and populations and make recommendations
    for mitigation and restoration
• Rank vulnerability of species to
  climate change
   – factors: dispersal ability, gene
      flow, genetic structure, seed bank
      persistance, phenotypic plasticity
• Individual studies of genetic
  structure and response to climate
  (e.g., Douglas-fir, white spruce,
  Mexican pines)
                       Pinus hartwegii tested in climate scenarios of present (13 oC) and future (17 oC)
                      Centre de Foresterie des Laurentides, Quebec, Canada (Sáenz Romero & Beaulieu)
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group
                                     Populations differ in adaptive traits
B                            90
20-yr volume (m3/ha)


                       -4   -2       0     2 4 6 8            10   12
                                         Test site MAT (°C)
   Variation in response of lodgepole pine populations to climate
                                                                        from Wang et al. 2006. Global Change Biology
 Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

Matching seed sources to future climates is a critical
management option for adapting to climate change and
maintaining healthy and productive forests

                                      Productivity (m3/ha)             30                                           Pop3




                                                             -4   -2        0              2            4   6   8      10
                                                                  Test site mean annual temperature (°C)
Population variation in Douglas-fir
provenance test
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

                                               Impacts on productivity

      Changes in productivty (m3/ha)


                                       -10 0    1      2      3       4          5      6



                                                2012   2038   2063   2088      2114   2139
                                                       MAT increase (°C)

                                                                           from Wang et al. 2006. Global Change Biology
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

         Conservation of genetic diversity will be
         critical to responding to climate change
   Seed Banks                    Conservation Plantings

                       Coulter pine

                                                     Brewer spruce
Forest Genetic Resources Working Group

          Long-term tests are important for modeling adaptive
          responses and for conserving genetic resources

                Δ temperature
           Seed origin – Planting site   1938 ponderosa pine test

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