"the birthday party"
Punctuation Comma Use a comma to separate things in a list. • I have an apple, two oranges, a pear, and a banana. Use a comma after an introductory phrase or a transitional phrase. • After the birthday party, I went to the park. • To get a good grade, you must do all your homework. • That girl is very nice. However, she was very rude to me this morning. Use a comma to separate unimportant parts in a sentence. • Lisa’s friend, a tall brown-haired girl, forgot to take his hat. Use a comma to connect two independent phrases. • This fan looks very cheap, but it can be very useful. Period . Always put a period at the end of a sentence. Example: • I am a good girl. • Do your homework. Question Mark Use a question mark only after a direct question. • Will you go with me? Not after an indirect question. • I asked if he would go with me. Exclamation Mark Use an exclamation mark at the end of a sentence that shows shock or surprise. Example: • I got a new car! • I can’t believe it! • I can’t wait to go Justin Bieber’s concert! Semicolon Sentence ; Sentence Use a semicolon to join 2 independent clauses when the second clause says the same as first. ; ; – The attic looks very dirty; there is not a single space where I see no dirt. Use a semicolon to join 2 independent clauses when the second clause begins with a transition. – Justin is a very smart student; however, he was unable to calculate a simple interest problem. Use a semicolon as a Super-comma to separate different elements. – I have been to three cities in US: Wilmington, Ohio; Houston, Texas; and San Francisco, California. ; Colon Sentence : Sentence Use a colon to join 2 independent clauses when you wish to emphasize the second clause. – The dog has gone crazy: it almost killed a woman! Use a colon to introduce a list of things, a quotation, or something that is directly related to the first clause. – I went to store last night for some groceries: milk, bread, coffee, and cheese. – Joe greatly supported blacks’ right in his speech: “I want each and every black to be free; just like us Americans.” – I know the perfect job for her: a doctor. Parenthesis () • Use parentheses to set off non-important material, such as dates, clarifying information, or sources, from a sentence. Example: • Thomas Edison (1947-1931) was an American inventor. He invented a light bulb, which is (by some people) one of the greatest inventions ever created. Dash – • Dashes are used to set off or emphasize the content enclosed within dashes or the content that follows a dash. • Dashes place more emphasis on this content than parentheses. Example: • Rafael – the smartest student in class – failed his final exam for science. • Chris will be unable to become the #1 student in class – unless, of course, he decides to give up his video games and pay more attention to his work. Quotation marks “Words spoken.” • Use quotation marks to enclose someone’s spoken words. Example: – Mary said, “I want to be a doctor.” – “I want to be an artist,” said Tyler, “because I like to draw.” Note how the period or comma punctuation always comes before the final quotation mark. Italics Italics are slanted letters, such as: President. Use italics when writing the titles of complete works, such as novels, plays, magazines, films, or artworks. – I love the book: Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. – I saw the movie Home Alone last night. Use italics to emphasize something. – He just ate twenty bars of chocolate! Use italics when writing foreign words/words not in English. – The Spanish word hola means hello in English.