Samuel Beckett by H0q8z2q4


									COURSE              COM 113, Introduction to Theatre Arts
    Semester:       Fall, 2008
    Location:       PAC D8
    Credit:         3 semester hours
    Time:           TR, 9:25-10:40

PROFESSOR           Dr. Web Drake
    Office:         Jennings 313
    Office Hours:   MWF 11:00-12:00, TR 10:50-11:50
    Phone:          (O) 731-661-5961

    An introductory study of the techniques of theatre art, designed as a foundational study to
    make play going more meaningful and better appreciated.

    Theater is one of, if not the, oldest of all the arts. Its inception lies within and among the
    things that make us most human: self-consciousness, memory, history, and religion. This
    course adds to the overall learning experience of the student by supplementing their study
    of history, literature and writing, psychology and sociology, and the other arts. It teaches
    skills such as self-presentation, writing, story-telling, and administration. The course
    prepares students to be life-long learners and participants within the field of theater.

    The primary objectives of this course are:
    *      to give you a working vocabulary of the conventions of theatre so that you may
           meaningfully participate in it;
    *      to give you a greater knowledge of theatre history so that you may greater
           understand it;
    *      to give you practical experience in the theatre so that you may greater appreciate it;
    *      and to give you the theoretical framework of performance so that you may utilize it.

    Theater and religion are two of the oldest institutions known to humanity. Their study is
    integrally linked both by their mutual history and by their mutual appeal to ethics, values,
    attitudes, and behavior. Religion is about finding the Truth; theater is about demonstrating
    truth. Thus, both fields are better understood in light of the other. Just as all people and
    institutions are best understood when viewed through the prism of Christianity, it is my
    opinion that theater is at its best only when it points to and illuminates ultimate Truth.
    While the practice of theater has often been at odds with the moral principles of Christianity
    down through the centuries, a careful study of the art still has a great deal to add to our
    pursuit of the Holy.


    Although I expect to conduct the course according to the following, I reserve the right to
    make modifications if circumstances dictate.

    Union University students are expected to be honest. Please refer to the Student Handbook
    and the page three of this syllabus
      Wilson, E., & Goldfarb, A. (2002). Theatre: The lively art (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw Hill.

      Sophocles. Oedipus Rex.
      William Shakespeare. Hamlet.
      Moliere. Tartuffe.
      Goethe. Dr. Faustus.
      William Goldstein. She Stoops to Conquer.
      Henrik Ibsen. A Doll’s House.
      Bertolt Brecht. Mother Courage and Her Children.
      Samuel Beckett. Waiting for Godot.
      Eugene O’Neill. Beyond the Horizon.
      August Wilson. Fences.
      Wendy Wasserstein. The Heidi Chronicles.
      Lord Andrew Webber and Tim Rice. The Phantom of the Opera.
      Tony Kushner. Angels in America.

     Code of Conduct
                 You are expected to conduct yourself in a thoroughly business-like manner.
                 Turn off all cell phones. Do not bring food or drink into the classroom. You
                 should treat your fellow learners and the process with the dignity they
                 UU strives to maintain a Christian environment, and the classroom is a place
                 of business. You should dress accordingly. Hats and low-cut tops and/or
                 pants are not permitted. Professional attire is expected during all
                 This is a participation class, and your attendance is vital to your education.
                 Each unexcused absence counts five points off your Class Participation
                 grade. Being late twice constitutes one absence. Being later than ten
                 minutes constitutes an absence.
                         Attendance and Participation         10%
                         Play Involvement                     10%
                         Papers                               40%
                         Major Production Paper               10%
                 Monologue                                    10%
                         Mid-Term                             10%
                         Final                                10%
                 A, exceptional work                          90-100
                 B, above average work                        80-89
                 C, average work                              70-79
                 D, below average work                        60-69
                 F, unacceptable work                         Below 60
    Written Assignments
          You will have several written projects (play evaluations, descriptions, and various
          class activities) due in this class. I will grade your written projects on style as well
          as content.
          *      All written assignments should be typed and double-spaced in "Standard U.S.
          *      Each paper should have your name, class, and the assignment name in the
                 upper left-hand corner of the first page.
    Make-Up Policy
                 Papers will be penalized ten points for EVERY CLASS DAY that they are late.
                 Nothing will be accepted over one week past its due date.
                 Students with unexcused absences cannot make up examinations. Students
                 with excused absences must make up their exam within ONE WEEK.

    Lecture                                    Class Activities
    Readings                                   Class Discussion
    Presentations                              Examinations
    Performances                               Monologues

    *      Extra credit opportunities for the semester include, but are not limited to:
           *      Attendance of or participation in the semester’s theatrical productions other
                  than Smoke on the Mountain or the children’s musical which you are required
                  to attend.
           *      Attendance of any of the lectureship series across the campus
           To receive credit, you must attend the event, write a paragraph or two
           describing/evaluating it, and submit your work along with a ticket stub or program
           from the event.
    *      Memorization of a chapter of scripture. The chapter has to be at least 10 verses
           long, and you can’t miss more than 5 words. You can perform the first one for me
           before or after class, but all others must be done in front of the class. Each chapter
           is worth 1 point on your final grade. You can do up to 7 chapters.
    Plagiarism, writing (or delivering information from a speech) that has been copied directly from
    another source or another individual and is being presented as being your own work; or to
    present as new an idea derived from an existing source, is a violation of honesty and academic
    integrity standards and policies of Union University and the Department of Communication Arts.

    Misrepresentation, an intentionally or sometimes negligently false representation of academic
    work, such as presenting fictional material in a paper, speech or project while failing to tell the
    audience or reader the material is not true; or the citing of non-existent sources in an academic
    paper, is a violation of honesty and academic integrity standards of Union University and the
    Department of Communication Arts.

    A single instance in any paper, speech or project of any of the above is characterized as
    plagiarism or misrepresentation by Department of Communication Arts policy.

    For the 2008-09 academic year, the Department of Communication Arts is establishing the
    following penalties for confirmed cases of plagiarism and misrepresentation:

    First offense: Automatic score of 0 (zero) on the paper, speech or project.

    Second Offense: A student guilty of plagiarism or misrepresentation for the second time in a
    single class, within the department (two offenses in separate classes, such as one in Mass Media
    and one in Advertising, i.e.), or within the University (as determined by the Dean of Arts and
    Sciences or Provost) will receive an automatic failure in the course.

    Third Offense: A student guilty of plagiarism or misrepresentation for the third time in a class,
    within the department, or within the university, will automatically be turned over to the Dean of
    Arts and Sciences and Provost with a recommendation of dismissal from the university.

    All confirmed cases of plagiarism and misrepresentation will be shared with the department
    chair, all Communication Arts professors (per departmental policy), the student's academic
    advisor, and reported to the Dean of Arts and Sciences and Provost (as required by Union

    All students taking Communication Arts classes are required to read the attached
    handouts and sign a document stating that you understand the policies and
    penalties of the Communication Arts department concerning plagiarism and
    misrepresentation. Failure to do so will result in the loss of four points off of the
    student’s final course average.
     Week   Day    Date      Class Activities, Activities Due, etc.
      1      1    Sept 9     Theater as Art
             2       11      Read Oedipus Rex in class
      2      3       16      Watch Everyman in class
             4       18      Ancient and Medieval Theater
      3      5       23      Discuss Hamlet that you’ve read
             6       25      Renaissance Theater
      4      7       30      Discuss Tartuffe that you’ve watched
             8     Oct 2     Restoration Theater
      5      9       7       Read Dr. Faustus in class
            10       9       Enlightenment Theater
      6     11       14      Watch She Stoops to Conquer in class
      7     12       21      Discuss A Doll’s House that you’ve read
            13       23      Mid-Term
      8     14       28      Read Mother Courage and Her Children in class
            15       30      Epic Theater
      9     16     Nov 4     Discuss Waiting for Godot that you’ve watched
            17       6       Theater of the Absurd
      10    18       11      Discuss Beyond the Horizon that you’ve read
            19       13      American Theater
      11             18      Watch Fences in class
            20       20      Minority Theater
      12    21      25       Read The Heidi Chronicles in class
      13    22     Dec 2     Discuss The Phantom of the Opera that you’ve watched
            23       4       Feminist Theater and Musicals
      14    24       9       Read Christopher Frye in class
                     11      Christian Theater
      15    25    16, 2:00   Exam
What is
Many people think of plagiarism as copying another’s work, or borrowing someone else’s original
ideas. But terms like “copying” and “borrowing” can disguise the seriousness of the offense:

According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to “plagiarize” means:
         1) to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's
         2) to use another's production without crediting the source
         3) to commit literary theft
         4) to present as new and original an idea or product derived from
             an existing source.

In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else’s work and
lying about it afterward.

But can words and ideas really be stolen?

According to U.S. law, the answer is yes. In the United States and many other countries, the
expression of original ideas is considered intellectual property, and is protected by copyright laws,
just like original inventions. Almost all forms of expression fall under copyright protection as long
as they are recorded in some media (such as a book or a computer file).

All of the following are considered plagiarism:
             turning in someone else’s work as your own
             copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
             failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
             giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
             changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
             copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your
                work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on “fair use” rules)

Attention! Changing the words of an original source is not sufficient to prevent
plagiarism. If you have retained the essential idea of an original source, and have not cited it,
then no matter how drastically you may have altered its context or presentation, you have still

Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources. Simply acknowledging that
certain material has been borrowed, and providing your audience with the information necessary to
find that source, is usually enough to prevent plagiarism.

In the Communication Arts department, you will not only write research papers but also give
speeches and create projects. All of the concepts concerning plagiarism and avoiding plagiarism
apply whether you are writing a paper, giving a speech or creating a project. You must properly cite
all external sources in whatever works you are creating. If you have any questions concerning how
to properly cite sources, ask your professor for clarification before you submit you paper, speech or
project for a grade.

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Types of
Anyone who has written or graded a paper knows that plagiarism is not always a black-and-white
issue. The boundary between plagiarism and research is often unclear. Learning to recognize the
various forms of plagiarism is an important step in the fight to prevent it.

    1) The Ghost Writer: The writer turns in another’s work, word-for-word, as his or her own.

    2) The Photocopy: The writer copies significant portions of text straight from a single source,
       without alteration.

    3) The Potluck Paper: The writer tries to disguise plagiarism by copying from several different
       sources, tweaking to make them fit together while retaining most of the original phrasing.

    4) The Poor Disguise: Although the writer has retained the essential content of the source, he
       or she has altered the paper’s appearance slightly by changing key words and phrases.

    5) The Labor of Laziness: The writer takes the time to paraphrase most of the paper, speech or
       project from other sources and make it all fit together, instead of spending the same effort
       on original work.

II. SOURCES CITED (but still plagiarized!)
    1) The Forgotten Footnote: The writer mentions an author’s name for a source, but neglects to
       include specific information on the location of the material referenced. This often masks
       other forms of plagiarism by obscuring source locations.

    2) The Misinformer: The writer provides inaccurate information regarding the sources, making
       it impossible to find them.

    3) The Too-Perfect Paraphrase: The writer properly cites a source, but neglects to put in
       quotation marks text that has been copied word-for-word, or close to it. Although
       attributing the basic ideas to the source, the writer is falsely claiming original presentation
       of the information.

    4) The Perfect Crime: Well, we all know it doesn’t exist. In this case, the writer properly
       quotes and cites sources in some places, but goes on to paraphrase other arguments from
       those sources without citation. This way, the writer tries to pass off the paraphrased
       material as his or her own analysis of the cited material.

    5) The Resourceful Citer: The writer properly cites all sources, paraphrasing and using
       quotations appropriately. But the paper, speech or project contains almost no original work!
        It is sometimes difficult to spot this form of plagiarism because it looks like any other well-
       researched document.

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What is plagiarism?
Simply put, plagiarism is the use of another's original words or ideas as though they were your
own. Any time you borrow from an original source and do not give proper credit, you have
committed plagiarism.

What is misrepresentation?
Misrepresentation is when you use a source in a false light or if you present someone else’s story as
your own. In the communications field, we are often called to find applicable sources or
interviewees for stories, whether in broadcast or in print. If you create a fake source, misrepresent
the credentials of a source, or misrepresent what that source said, you will receive a zero on your
assignment. Additionally, if you personalize someone else’s story as your own, you will also receive
a zero on your assignment. If you have any question about misrepresentation, ask your professor.

Do I have to cite sources for every fact I use?
No. Facts that are readily available from numerous sources and generally known to the public are
considered “common knowledge” and can be used in your paper, speech or project without citing
sources. If you are unsure whether or not a fact is common knowledge however, you should cite
your source to be safe.

Does it matter how much was copied?
Not in determining whether or not a work was plagiarized. If even the smallest part of a work is
plagiarized, it is still considered a copyright violation, and its producer can be brought to trial. Just
one plagiarized sentence or paragraph will result in a zero on your assignment.

But can’t I use material if I cite the source?
You are allowed to borrow ideas or phrases from other sources provided you cite them properly. As
a rule, however, you should be careful about borrowing too liberally—if the case can be made that
your work consists predominantly of someone else’s words or ideas, you may be susceptible to
charges of plagiarism.

Does intention matter?
Ignorance of the law is never an excuse. It is ultimately your responsibility to accurately present
someone else’s work as their work, and your own original work as yours. Whether you intended it
or not, a paper, speech or project containing someone else’s material not properly cited is

What does it mean to paraphrase?
To paraphrase is to restate a text or passage in other words. It is extremely important to note that
changing a few words from an original source does NOT qualify as paraphrasing. A paraphrase
must make significant changes in the style and voice of the original while retaining the essential
ideas. A good rule of thumb for paraphrasing it to read your material, then paraphrase the content
while not looking at the text.

When should I quote a source?
Only quote a source when the author makes a unique observation or analysis that would be too
difficult to paraphrase, or to provide historical context for a section of your paper. In most
circumstances, the majority of your paper should be your own words and your analysis. When you
quote a source, make sure the quoted material is in quotation marks (or a block quote) and that
the source is clearly cited at the end of the sentence. These citations should always include at least
the author’s name, the year the source was published, and the page(s) where you can find the
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In a research paper, you have to come up with your own original ideas while at the same time making reference to work done
by others. But how can you tell where their ideas end and your own begin? What’s the proper way to integrate sources in
your paper? If you change some of what an author said, do you still have to cite that person? Confusion about the answers
to these questions often leads to plagiarism. If you have similar questions, or are concerned about preventing plagiarism,
we recommend using the checklist below.

Consult with your instructor
Have questions about plagiarism? Are not sure how to properly cite a source in a speech or a class project? If you are unsure
about anything, you should ask your instructor. He or she will be very happy to answer your questions.

Plan your paper, speech or project
Planning well is the first and most important step you can take toward preventing plagiarism. If you know you are going to
use other sources of information, you need to plan how you are going to include them in your paper. This means working out
a balance between the ideas you have taken from other sources and your own, original ideas. Writing an outline, or coming
up with a thesis statement will help establish the boundaries between your ideas and those of your sources.

Take Effective Notes
One of the best ways to prepare for a research paper is by taking thorough notes from all of your sources, so that you have
much of the information organized before you begin writing. On the other hand, poor note-taking can lead to many problems
– including improper citations and misquotations, both of which are forms of plagiarism! Get in the habit of marking page
numbers, and make sure that you record bibliographic information or web addresses for every source right away – finding
them again later when you are trying to finish your paper can be a nightmare!

When in doubt, cite sources
You want to get credit for your own ideas, and you don’t want your instructor to think that you got all of your information
from somewhere else. But if it is unclear whether an idea in your paper, speech or project came from you, or whether you
got it from somewhere else and just changed it a little, you should always cite your source. Instead of weakening your work
and making it seem like you have few original ideas, this will actually strengthen it by: 1) showing that you are not just
copying other ideas but are processing and adding to them, 2) lending outside support to the ideas that are completely yours,
and 3) highlighting the originality of your ideas by making clear distinctions between them and ideas you have gotten

Make it clear who said what
Even if you cite sources, ambiguity in your phrasing can often disguise the real source of any given idea, causing inadvertent
plagiarism. Make sure when you mix your own ideas with those of your sources that you always clearly distinguish them. If
you are discussing the ideas of more than one person, watch out for confusing pronouns. For example, imagine you are
talking about Harold Bloom’s discussion of James Joyce’s opinion of Shakespeare, and you write: “He brilliantly portrayed the
situation of a writer in society at that time.” Who is the “He” in this sentence? Bloom, Joyce, or Shakespeare? Who is the
“writer”: Joyce or Shakespeare? Always make sure to distinguish who said what, and give credit to the right person.

Know how to Paraphrase:
A paraphrase is a restatement in your own words of someone else’s ideas. Changing a few words of the original sentences
does NOT make your writing a legitimate paraphrase. You must change both the words and the sentence structure of the
original, without changing the content. Also, you should keep in mind that paraphrased passages still require citation
because the ideas came from another source, even though you are putting them in your own words.

The purpose of paraphrasing is not to make it seem like you are drawing less directly from other sources or to reduce the
number of quotations in your paper. It is a common misconception among students that you need to hide the fact that you
rely on other sources. Actually it is advantageous to highlight the fact that other sources support your own ideas. Using
quality sources to support your ideas makes them seem stronger and more valid. Good paraphrasing makes the ideas of the
original source fit smoothly into your paper, speech or project, emphasizing the most relevant points and leaving out
unrelated information.

Evaluate Your Sources
Not all sources on the web are worth citing – in fact, many of them are just plain wrong. So how do you tell the good ones
apart? For starters, make sure you know the author(s) of the page, where they got their information, and when they wrote
it. Then you should determine how credible you feel the source is: how well they support their ideas, the quality of the
writing, the accuracy of the information provided, etc.

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