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  2 Often , those buildings are pulled down
  after having stood empty without use for
  many years .
(1)After having stood …是一个表示___________完成时态的时间
  状语。
表时间的 after ,before ,when ,while后可doing 短语,
  相当于一个时间状语从句。
如果doing 短语所表示的动作先于谓语动作,
  则doing 短语用完成式。
Eg : After having written the letter , she went to
  post it .
1 ___ from heart trouble for years , Professor
   C
White has to take some medicine with him
wherever he goes . A Suffered B To suffer
C Having suffered D Being suffered
         B
2 When ____ to a certain temperature , water
can be turned into vapour.
A heating B heated C is heated D heats
   B
3 ___ her letter , I wrote to her again .
A Having not received B Not having received
C Not received D Receiving not
 (2 )pull down
  A 拆除,拆掉,拆毁.
      工人们拆除了那幢旧建筑物.
Eg : The workers pulled the old building down.
 B 赚钱,挣钱,
Eg : 他做那个工作每月挣五百多元.
    He pulls down more than five hundred
    dollars a month in the job.
C 使降低.
     大地震使股票价格下跌.
Eg : The earthquake pulled stock price
     down.
D 向下拉,拉下.
   她把窗帘拉下.
Eg : She pull down the curtain .
(2)Stand link-verb
“ 不动,不使用”
        + adj
Eg : They found some houses standing
   empty for many years .
1 The lines and shapes of ancient
                    A
architecture stand ___ to nature .
A closer B nearer C closely D nearly
3 they are decorated with small round windows
  that remind you of ships,bent roofs and twenty-
  foot high walls of glass that make them special
  when compared with other architecture from the
  same period .
(1)decorate v “装饰,布置,装修,美化”

           + with (表示所用的材料)
Eg : The streets were decorated with flags .
     They decorated the cake with candles .
                                    A
1 ---Children like living in rooms ____
with colorful things .
--- Right . When I got home yesterday , I
saw my daughter ___ her room with
cartoon pictures .
A decorated ,decorating
B decorating , decorated
C decorated ,is decorating
D to be decorated , decorating
(2) remind sb of sth/sb  使某人想起某人.
              sb. to do sth 提醒某人做某事.
              sb. that 提醒某人…
                        使某人想起---

 Eg : 看到他使我想起了他的父亲.
      Seeing him reminds me of his father.
      我提醒他要用功.
      I reminded him to work hard.
    她提醒我还没吃早饭.
     She reminded me that I hadn’t had
      breakfast.
4 The simple style of the buildings and the fact that
   they are German set them aside as as very
   different from Chinese architecture.
  (1) that they are German 为fact 同位语 从句
                                ___的___
 同位语从句一般由________等连接词引that, whether
 导,常放在________________
               fact,news,idea,truth,hope,problem,
 _____等后面,说明该名词的具体内容。
information

Eg : The news that our team won the match gave us
     much pleasure.
   The problem whether we should continue to do
    the experiment has not been solved.
比较下列句子
Eg : The fact that the earth goes around the sun is
    known to all .
    The fact that we are discussing is very
    important .
   I have no idea how soon he will come .
  The idea that came to him was very good .
(2) Set…aside
     a 存钱
Eg : I’ve set aside some money for this journey.
    b搁置(一会儿)(暂时)把……放在一边
    Let’s set aside our personal feelings.
    Peter set aside the papers and went out to
    smoke.
    c取消
   The man set aside the decision that he
   will go to Japan .
   d拒绝接受
   He set all their offers aside.
e 提出;保留.
 I will set this aside for future use.
f 从…中挑选;选定.
The governor set aside a day for Thanksgiving.
h不注意,忽视
Let’s set aside our personal feeling.
5 Some art companies asked if they could
move into the empty space and rent parts
of the factory .
 rent        n.租金
             v 租用,租借
 Rentable    adj.
                  供出租(的)
 For rent
把…出租给…              Rent sth (out) (to sb)

Eg :This man rented all his lands out to the
farmers and had a rich life .


从…处租用…             Rent sth (from sb)
Eg : It takes the factory a lot of money
to rent an airplane from the air-line
company.

以一定租金出租… Rent at/for sth
Eg : The building rents at $3000 a year.
6 Old factory buildings have many halls
and workshops of different sizes .
of +n.=adj.
表示人或事物所具有的特征或性质,
在句中常用作表语或定语。
            interest (=very interesting)

               value   (=very valuable)
Of + great +   help    (=very helpful)
               use     (=very useful)
               important (=very important)
Eg : The book is of interest.
                  interesting
   The meeting is of great importance.
                    important
   The book is of high quality.
 7 This was the beginning of the
development of this area into a centre for the
arts ,bringing together Chinese artists , art
companies , musicians ----
               结果
Bringing 现在分词作______状语,动作发生在谓
语动词之后,多放在句末,不可位于句首
Eg : A bomb exploded on the train , killing
seven people .
The bus was held up by the storm , causing
the delay .
注意:
不定式                      多表示未曾料到的不愉
                         快的结果
          作结果状语

现在分词
                          表示事实的结果
                          或必然的结果
Eg : I hurried to the classroom only to find the
   door locked and none of the students there
    The man died , leaving his sons a lot of
    money .
8 painters and other artists can move into
the smaller rooms to use them as studios
to paint , while music bands rents space
to practise .
use ---- as
“把---当作材料,工具,场所来使用”
Eg : Some articles from foreign
newspapers are used as reading
materials .
Don’t use the bedroom as your office .
use--- for “用----来做”
For 表目的,+n / doing
Eg : These cups are used for drinking wine
thousands of years ago .
9They like these buildings because the
 rooms and halls are often very large ,
 which is good for artists who want to make
 large objects .
  1)Be good for / be good at / be good to
Be good for “ 对--有利”
Eg : Milk is good for you .
Be good at 擅长;善于
   I was good at English songs.
Be good to 对…友好.
   You’ve been very good to me.
2 ) object n “ 目的,目标,宗旨”
Eg: The object of his visit was to earn fame .
The enemy failed in their object again .
10 Many large cities,such as Liverpool and New
   York, have had experiments of this kind,
   with old factories turned into successful arts
   centers.
 with+n/pron+补语 (n/adj/adv/v-ing/v-ed/to do)

                                      open
  Eg : He always sleeps with his eyes____ ( open).
                     to do
  With a lot of work _____(do), he is as busy as a
  bee
             permitting
   With tiem___________(permit) ,we will go out
   for a walk .
                                      tied
  The man was brought in with his hand____(tie)
  behind his back.
Do you know the woman with a child in her arms.

				
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