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									Ethnobotanical Methods




Researchers and Informants in Bolivia
   Study of the on-going process of
            domestication
1. Informant interviews – especially about desired
  traits, planting methods, methods of selection for
  breeding or seed stock.
2. Participation observation
3. Collection of native texts
4. Field observations – grain, fruit, or vegetable
  measurements; altitude, temperature, varietal
  flowering and maturation rates; mapping locations
  and distances to fields from farm or village; soil
  and vegetative analysis of sample fields at various
  stages of crop-fallow cycle.
          Phytoanthropology
Phytoanthropology examines the extent of
  similarities and differences in the responses
  of various human communities to their plant
  neighbors, and the reasons for these human
  responses.
Bo Tree – Ficus religiosa
Silk Cotton Tree – Bombax ceiba
   Arrowhead –
Sagittaria sagittifolia
Historical Ethnobotany
Hildegard of Bingen
      1098 - 1179
Joseph Smith
  1805 - 1844
Fertile Crescent
King Assurbanipal – 668-626 BCE




    In his garden with Queen and Servants
Babylonian Medicine
Datura stramonium
Cannabis sativa
Mandrake – Atropa mandragora
Mandrake – Atropa mandragora




           ca. 1474
Water lily – Nymphaea alba
Vitis vinifera var. Pinot Noir
Opium poppy – Papaver somniferum
Ergot – Claviceps purpurea
Fly agaric – Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria ornaments?
Sumerian
Headdress
Sun god Horus and Tuth-Shena

								
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