John 2 4 Belief in John by Rgd9zu


									        John 2-4

     Belief in John:
How Does John Want Us
  to Understand Jesus’
                   Gospel of John

  P                                                      E
  r                                                      p
                Book                   Book              i
  o               of                    of               o
  g                                                      g
  u             Signs                  Glory             u
  e                                                      e
1:1-18   1:19           12:50   13:1           20:31   21:1-25
                        Gospel of John

 P               Book of                     Book of                                        E
 r                                                                                          p
 o                Signs                       Glory                                         i
         1:19                 12:50   13:1                                 20:31
 l                                                                                          l

                                                      Arrest, Trial, and

 g                  Subsequent
         Sign                          Jesus’                                               g
 u                                     Final
                    Discourses,                                                             u

 e                  Feasts
         1:19-                                        18:1-                20:1-
1:1-18   2:11    2:12        12:50    13:1    17:26   19:42                31              21:1-25
                                    Gospel of John

  r      1:19
                                    Book of Signs                                                           12:50

  o       Seven “Signs”                                                                               of Signs
  l                                                                                                    Signs
  o      water
         (2:1-11)      son          man        (6:1- 15)    (6:16-21)   Man             (11:1-44)
  g                    (4:46-53)    (5:1-9)                             (9:1-41)

            Born          Living Imitating      Bread of     Light of World The Good     One with
  e         Again         Water Father          Life         (7:1-8:59)     Shepherd     Father        Sayings
            (3:1-21)      (4:1-42) (5:16-47)    (6:25-71)                   (10:1-21)    (10:22-42)    (12:44-50)

          Seven “Sayings”                                                                             Summary
                                                                                                      of Sayings
1:1-18   1:19                                                                            12:36        12:37 - 50
                  John 2-4
Observation 1:
  John 2-11 is often called the Book of Signs.
     Scholars disagree over how many signs. All
     seem to say 7, but which 7? John himself is
     a bit vague in exactly what are the events
     which should be categorized as “signs.”

Observation 2:
  There are only two events which are explicitly
     labeled as signs by John himself,
  1. Turning water into wine in 2:11
  2. Healing of official’s son in 4:54
                  John 2-4
Hermeneutical (Text-Driven) Question:

  Why? Why do we try to isolate “signs” in
    John? Almost every commentary or article
    on John attempts to “count” John’s signs.
    Why focus upon what we want to find
    rather than on what John is trying to tell

  Hermeneutically speaking, you discover what
    your eyes and mind expect. Why not get
    what you textually/Biblically inspect?

  Thus, let’s ask what might be a more text-
    driven question(s).
                   John 2-4
Text-Driven Question(s):

  1. What is the meaning of the two signs
     described by John? (definitional question)

  2. What is the relationship of the two signs to
     each other? (integrative question)

  3. How does the context of John 2-4 help
     illuminate John’s agenda? (How is John
     trying to answer his own question?)

  4. So what? How does this impact the church
     today. Us? (application question).
                                John 2-4

           John’s Call to Faith in Jesus

                                                                                                           Samaritan Testifier

                                                                                         Samaritan Woman
      1st Sign                                                                                                                          2nd Sign

                                                John the Baptizer
                                                                    John the Testifier

2:1          2:11     2:22      2:23-3:21      3:22 - 36                                   4:1-42                                4:43          4:54
                                 John 2-4

              Works and Words of Jesus

                                                                                                            Samaritan Testifier

                                                                                          Samaritan Woman
      1st Sign                                                                                                                           2nd Sign

                                                 John the Baptizer
                                                                     John the Testifier

 Cana of                                                                                                                           Cana of Galilee,
 Galilee (2:1)                                                                                                                     Again (4:46)

 Hour (2:4)                                                                                                                        Hour (4:52,
 Whatever He                                                                                                                       53)
 says to you, do                                                                                                                   Seeing vs.
 it (2:5)                                                                                                                          Hearing (4:48,
                                                                                                                                   50, 53)
2:1           2:11     2:22      2:23-3:21      3:22 - 36                                   4:1-42                                4:43          4:54
                     John 2-4
Observation 1:
  John 2:11 tells us that Jesus was performing signs
     and his disciples “believed.” [Word study: Does
     the word believe have a stable meaning in

  But John 2:18 tells us that some of the Jews were
    demanding signs to authenticate Jesus’
  He gives them one (2:19) but they did not believe.
    Nor did his disciples until after the resurrection

   Now, begin to integrate this into your
     understanding of “signs.”
                     John 2-4

Observation 2:
  John 2:23-25 tells us that there are other signs
     which Jesus did and many believed. How does
     that illuminate into our solving of the “sign”

  Be specific, especially with Jesus’ response to their
     “level” of belief in 2:24-25.

  Now, how does 2:23-25 relate to chap 3-4? And,
    how will you read 3-4 differently based upon
    2:23-25? Dig, and be specific.
                   John 2-4
Observation 3:
  John 3:2 tells us that some of the Jews (even
     leaders of Jews) recognized Jesus’ signs.

Observation 4:
  John 3:10-12 tells us that they did not
     understand the connection of Jesus’ signs
     with their divine significance (i.e., as told
     through Jesus’ testimony/word).
Observation 5:
   John 3:13 tells us that Jesus is the only one
      with the “heavenly perspective.” (cf. also
      1:32-33; 1:50; esp. 3:31-36)
                   John 2-4
Observation 6:
  John 4:25-26 tells us that ancient Samaritan
     expectations of the Messiah (their Bible
     was only the Pentateuch; according Deut
     18:18) is that “he will explain all things.”
     Thus, how important is it to recognize
     Jesus as Messiah?

Observation 7:
  Note the implicit contrast in 4:27-42. How
    does John depict the disciples vs. the

   “Could this be the Messiah?” What does this
     mean to woman and Samaritans?
                  John 2-4

Observation 8:
  John 4:39-42, seems to describe a new level
     of belief. What is it explicitly? What is it
     based upon? How does it change or grow?
  “We know that he is the Savior of the World
    (4:42. Cf. 20:30-31)
                   John 2-4
Observation 9:
  Look to all the references to seeing/hearing
     about Jesus in 4:42-54.

Observation 10:
  Jesus contrasts seeing faith vs. hearing faith
     (John 4:48; goal may be 20:28-29)

Observation 11:
   Royal official believes simply in the words of
     Jesus, no sight involved (4:50, 53). Can a
     sign be a sign without seeing?
                                 John 2-4

      First and Second Sign (shmei/on) of Jesus

                                                                                                            Samaritan Testifier

                                                                                          Samaritan Woman
                                                                                                                                         2nd Sign

                                                 John the Baptizer
 Cana of

                                                                     John the Testifier
 Galilee (2:1)
                                                                                                                                   Cana of Galilee,
 Hour (2:4)                                                                                                                        Again (4:46)

 Whatever He                                                                                                                       Hour (4:52,
 says to you, do                                                                                                                   53)
 it (2:5)                                                                                                                          Seeing vs.
                                                                                                                                   Hearing (4:48,
 1st Sign
                                                                                                                                   50, 53)
2:1           2:11     2:22      2:23-3:21      3:22 - 36                                   4:1-42                                4:43          4:54
                   John 2-4
Conclusion 1:
It seems that John is defining “faith” for his
    readers (us) more than for the people in the
    story. We are watching the scenes unfold
    before us and John is describing what was
    taking place. John may even be relating to us
    (readers) that the people in the story did not
    fully understand what they were doing. Faith
    involves more than simple cognition.
Conclusion 2:
It seems to be clearly a reflective experience,
    based upon our understanding of Jesus, his
    words, works, origin.
                   John 2-4
Conclusion 3:
It seems that John is defining “faith” as a growth
    experience. It may begin defined as “Sign”
    faith. But John adds other factors to the mix
    to keep us from being satisfied with that kind
    of faith. (esp. 2:22 & 2:23-25). We are to
    push on to a deeper level of faith.
Conclusion 4:
This deeper level seems to have its foundation in
   the person of Jesus; his words and his origin.
   John 2:22 identifies it as “Resurrection faith.”
   And here the basis is scripture and Jesus’
   words (the same thing?)
                   John 2-4
Conclusion 5:
But even “Resurrection faith” may not come
  immediately. It takes reflection and
  integration of the scriptures. See 20:9.
Conclusion 6:
Faith, for John does not exist without a Biblical
   understanding of Jesus (Old Testament and
   Jesus’ Words).
                  John 2-4
Integration (larger context):
Examine the life of Nicodemus as an example of
   the growing life of faith.
1. John 3:1-15
2. John 7:1-52 (esp. 7:50-51)
3. John 19:38-42
Application question:
What does this mean for our own faith. How is
  John defining faith which applies to us?
Qs. Are we better off living today or would our
   faith be stronger in Jesus’ day?

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