Empires of India by xk0cj7

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									Empires of India

      Unit 3
 RMS IB 2011-2012
    Ms. Hunt
Agenda: Thursday, November 3rd, 2011
• OBJ: To compare and contrast the histories and
  culture of the Mauryan and Gupta Empires by
  creating diamond foldable entries.
• 1. Quiz- Kingdoms of Africa and the Middle East
   – No journal
• 2. Lecture- Empires of India
• 3. Diamond Foldable entry
   – Ottoman, Mauryan, and Gupta Empires
• 4. Begin Unit 3 Study Guide
• HW: Review your notes for 10 mins/ make
  vocabulary and concept flash cards
     Empires of India
Mauryan Empire
• Great trading empire, very centralized,
  provinces ruled by governors
• Bureaucratic Government
   – Hand chose rulers and officials
   – 4 provinces- 4 princes
   – Capital- Pataliputra
• Chandragupta Maurya- founder 321
  B.C.
   – Fear of assassination- food always tasted
     for poison, never slept in the same place
     2 nights in a row, secret police
     Mauryan Empire Continued
• Asoka- grandson of C. Maurya
  – Considered greatest Indian ruler
  – Converted Empire to Buddhism- Tolerance of non-
    Buddhist
  – No warfare
• Creation of road system
  – “pit stops” over all care for the people
• Declined following Asoka’s death, completely
  gone by 183 B.C.
  – 500 years of war and problems to follow
  – Very weak rulers
Asoka and Mauryan Medallion
          Passport
   Gupta Empire- The Golden Age
• Candragupta- founder 320 A.D.
• Placed the capital were the palace of the
  Mauryan empire was (Pataliputra)
• Empire of Luxury/ Golden Age of India
• Use of The Silk Road in trading
  – Salt, cloth, and iron trade
• Decline- Invaded by the Huns, 5th Century
              Accomplishments
• Education Flourished         • Traveling Acting Groups
• Literature                   • Medicine
  – Kalidasa wrote                – Catalog of diseases and
    Shakuntala                      more than 500 plants
• Astronomy- use of a          • Performing of surgery
  calendar, developed             – Including plastic surgery
  weeks and hours              • Mathematics- Decimal
• Architecture- stupa            point system and the
  – housed relics of Buddha,     concept of 0
    domed shaped                  – Hindu- Arabic numerical
                                    system
                         Taj Mahal Interesting Facts
Mughals                  - Shah Jahan’s Wfie-
1526 Mughals Invaded       Mumtaz, gave birth to 14
   - Akbar- greatest       children
   ruler of the
   Muhgals (Fair and     - Took 22 years to build and
   Just ruler)
   - Shah Jahan- ruler
                           covers 42 acres
   who built the Taj       - Ordered it to be built “as
   Mahal                     beautiful as she was”
       Tomb for his
       wife              - Walls and floors inlayed
       *Overthrown         with prescious stones and
       by his own son
                           writing
 Indian Empires Accomplishments
200 B.C.- 1600 A.D.
• Architecture- Stupa, Taj Mahal
• Preservation of Ancient classics
• Large system of road ways (including pit stops)
• Great Trading Empire!!!
  – Use of the silk Road
  Empires of the World- Diamond Foldable
• Each pair of students should have 3 sheets of paper, 1 set of
  scissors, and 1 glue stick.
   – Entries for- Ottoman, Mauryan, and Gupta Empires
• Follow Ms. Hunt’s folding directions
• Fill in, using your notes, all information that belongs in the
  diamonds:
   – Top- Name of Kingdom and illustration to represent their
     achievements
   – Left- Location (geography, description of territory)
   – Right- Important people and places
   – Bottom- Accomplishments
• Be sure to decorate each diamond so it relates to the Empire
  it contains notes on.
• You have until the end of class to finish your diamond
  foldable.

								
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