Empires of India Unit 3 RMS IB 2011-2012 Ms. Hunt Agenda: Thursday, November 3rd, 2011 • OBJ: To compare and contrast the histories and culture of the Mauryan and Gupta Empires by creating diamond foldable entries. • 1. Quiz- Kingdoms of Africa and the Middle East – No journal • 2. Lecture- Empires of India • 3. Diamond Foldable entry – Ottoman, Mauryan, and Gupta Empires • 4. Begin Unit 3 Study Guide • HW: Review your notes for 10 mins/ make vocabulary and concept flash cards Empires of India Mauryan Empire • Great trading empire, very centralized, provinces ruled by governors • Bureaucratic Government – Hand chose rulers and officials – 4 provinces- 4 princes – Capital- Pataliputra • Chandragupta Maurya- founder 321 B.C. – Fear of assassination- food always tasted for poison, never slept in the same place 2 nights in a row, secret police Mauryan Empire Continued • Asoka- grandson of C. Maurya – Considered greatest Indian ruler – Converted Empire to Buddhism- Tolerance of non- Buddhist – No warfare • Creation of road system – “pit stops” over all care for the people • Declined following Asoka’s death, completely gone by 183 B.C. – 500 years of war and problems to follow – Very weak rulers Asoka and Mauryan Medallion Passport Gupta Empire- The Golden Age • Candragupta- founder 320 A.D. • Placed the capital were the palace of the Mauryan empire was (Pataliputra) • Empire of Luxury/ Golden Age of India • Use of The Silk Road in trading – Salt, cloth, and iron trade • Decline- Invaded by the Huns, 5th Century Accomplishments • Education Flourished • Traveling Acting Groups • Literature • Medicine – Kalidasa wrote – Catalog of diseases and Shakuntala more than 500 plants • Astronomy- use of a • Performing of surgery calendar, developed – Including plastic surgery weeks and hours • Mathematics- Decimal • Architecture- stupa point system and the – housed relics of Buddha, concept of 0 domed shaped – Hindu- Arabic numerical system Taj Mahal Interesting Facts Mughals - Shah Jahan’s Wfie- 1526 Mughals Invaded Mumtaz, gave birth to 14 - Akbar- greatest children ruler of the Muhgals (Fair and - Took 22 years to build and Just ruler) - Shah Jahan- ruler covers 42 acres who built the Taj - Ordered it to be built “as Mahal beautiful as she was” Tomb for his wife - Walls and floors inlayed *Overthrown with prescious stones and by his own son writing Indian Empires Accomplishments 200 B.C.- 1600 A.D. • Architecture- Stupa, Taj Mahal • Preservation of Ancient classics • Large system of road ways (including pit stops) • Great Trading Empire!!! – Use of the silk Road Empires of the World- Diamond Foldable • Each pair of students should have 3 sheets of paper, 1 set of scissors, and 1 glue stick. – Entries for- Ottoman, Mauryan, and Gupta Empires • Follow Ms. Hunt’s folding directions • Fill in, using your notes, all information that belongs in the diamonds: – Top- Name of Kingdom and illustration to represent their achievements – Left- Location (geography, description of territory) – Right- Important people and places – Bottom- Accomplishments • Be sure to decorate each diamond so it relates to the Empire it contains notes on. • You have until the end of class to finish your diamond foldable.
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