Textile Industry and Energy

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					Textile Industry and Energy

   EMS-Textile Project
   Europe Intelligent Energy Program
Textile and Clothing in EU
  Important industrial sector
  107,000 enterprises
  2,500,000 employees
  7.6% of employment in industry
  Labor intensive
  190 billion € sales
  45 billion € exports
  255 billion consumption value
                            data 2003
Textile and Clothing in Greece
  Important industrial sector
  9,000 enterprises – only 10% with
  more than 10 employees
  80,000 employees
  16% of employment in industry
  4 billion € sales
  2.5 billion € exports
  22.5 of total exports
                            data 2003
Important Developments

  Globalization of production and
  WTO agreement for the liberation of
  the world textile market
  Entrance of China at WTO in 2001
  Enlargement of the EU with 10 new
  member states
Important Developments
  Stabilization of the demand of
  clothing products in developed
  Continuous increase of the power of
  sales networks
  Rapid development of new
  technologies in production,
  management and sales
     INTENSE COMPETITION           2/2
Trends of Textile Market
  Reduction of industrial textile and
  clothing enterprises and employees
  Movement of production outside the
  EU at low cost countries
  Continuous increase of imports from
  low cost countries
  Domination of China in the world
  textile and clothing market
Business Strategies
Market Power and Economies of Scale
  Growth of distribution networks
  Co-operations – Mergers – Buy outs
Creativity – Technology – Innovation
   Quality and high efficiency
   State of the art technology
   Added value differentiated products
Energy in Textile Industry
  Energy intensity 8-15% of total costs
  Fabric Dyeing and Finishing
     15% of total costs
     90% thermal energy
     1lt oil / ton of fabric – 10,000 kWh
  Cotton Yarn Spinning
     8% of total costs
     100% electric energy
     5,000 kWh / ton of yarn – 0.5 lt oil
Energy Conservation Level
  Cost minimization strategy expanded to
  energy consumption
  Most enterprises have already realized
  energy conservation investments
  Few companies implement formal
  energy management usually in the
  framework of ISO14001 or EMAS
  Most companies are only half way
  towards efficient energy management

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