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					Hazard
Communication
GENERAL




                1
      Introduction
    The purpose of this
 training is to familiarize
you with the Occupational
     Health and Safety
 Administration’s Hazard
Communication standard
    29 CFR 1910.1200
                              2
                    Overview
•   What is Hazard Communication?
•   What are the program requirements?
•   Hazards of non-routine work
•   Training requirements
•   Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
•   Labeling
•   What are the hazards?
    •   Health & Physical
•   Routes of exposure/entry
•   Protective measures
•   Inventory requirements
•   What now?



                                         3
          What is Hazard
         Communication?
• OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29
  CFR 1910.1200 – “Right to Know” went into
  effect in November 1985

• The purpose of Hazcom is to communicate
  hazards associated with the workplace to
  employees

• You, as an employee, have a Right to Know
  about the hazards in your work area and
  the potential effects of these hazards upon
  your health and safety

                                                4
 What do I need to know?
Employees often ask themselves the
        following questions

1. How can this hazard hurt me?
2. What can I do to protect myself?
3. Where can I find the answers to
   the first two questions?



                                      5
Key Elements of the Hazard
 Communication Standard
    The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard is composed of five
              key elements. These five key elements are:

•     Written Program - A written program must be developed
      which ties all of the below elements together

•     Material Safety Data Sheets - A detailed description of each
      hazardous material listed in the Materials Inventory
•     Labeling - Containers of hazardous materials must have labels
      which identify the material and warn of its potential hazard to
      employees
•     Training - All employees must be trained to identify and work
      safely with hazardous materials

•     Materials Inventory and Hazard Assessment - A list of the
      hazardous materials and other physical hazards present in
      your work area

                                                                        6
   Hazard Communication
         Program

Written program must include:

• Employee training information
• Information regarding non-routine
  hazards
• Methods of informing
  employers of other
  workers (contractors)
                                      7
  Hazard Communication
        Program

• UAF written Hazard
  Communication Program is
  accessible at:

   http://www.uaf.edu/safety



                               8
    Hazards of non-routine
            tasks
Periodically, employees are required to perform
   hazardous non-routine tasks

Prior to starting work on such projects, affected
   employees will be given information by their
   supervisor on hazards to which they may be
   exposed during such activity

This information will cover:
   • Specific hazards
   • Measures the company has taken to reduce the
       risk of these hazards, such as providing
       ventilation, ensuring the presence of another
       employee, providing a respiratory protection
       program, and establishing emergency procedures
   • Required protective/safety measures
                                                        9
               The First Step
•   Hazardous materials (chemical products) and
    physical hazards (radiation, lasers, vibration, etc.)
    are everywhere. It has been estimated that over a
    half million chemical products are used by business
    and industry every year. Some of these hazards
    pose little danger to you, while others are deadly

•   Modern manufacturing would not be possible
    without chemicals and processes. However, like
    machinery or electrical equipment, you must know
    how to use chemicals safely

•   The first step in using chemicals and processes
    safely is to recognize those materials and processes
    that may be hazardous to your health or physical
    safety



                                                            10
Training Requirements




                        11
                         Training
•   Employee training is an integral part of the hazard
    communication program and must be provided:
    •   at the time of initial assignment
    •   whenever a new hazard is introduced into the workplace, and
    •   when employees may be exposed to other employers’
        workplace hazards

•   Hazard Communication – General overview training
    •   This PowerPoint presentation serves as a general overview
        training of the UAF Hazard Communication program

•   Hazard Communication – Site specific training
    •   In addition to the general overview training you will receive
        site specific training from your supervisor. This training will
        include specific hazards in your work area, contents of
        unlabeled pipes, and methods to reduce hazards (engineering
        controls, administrative controls, product substitution, and
        personal protective equipment)



                                                                          12
Material Safety Data
  Sheets (MSDS)




                       13
                      MSDS
•   Reference that
    identifies chemical
    characteristics and
    hazards
•   Must have one for
    each hazardous
    chemical used in the
    work area
•   Each department
    maintains MSDS file
•   Must be accessible to
    all employees
    whenever they are in
    their work area


                             14
What materials have MSDS?
• Material Safety Data Sheets are
  available for ALL of the hazardous
  materials present in your work
  area




                                       15
              MSDS Information
The MSDS contains information specific to the chemical it
   references. Information includes:

•   Section   1:   Identification of chemical
•   Section   2:   Hazardous Ingredients
•   Section   3:   Physical Data
•   Section   4:   Fire & Explosion Data
•   Section   5:   Health Hazards
•   Section   6:   Reactivity
•   Section   7:   Personal Protective Equipment
•   Section   8:   Spills & Leak Procedures
•   Section   9:   Handling & Storage


Note: The section identification (1-9) will always be the same,
   the only difference will be the information contained
   within each section will be specific for the chemical the
   MSDS is referencing
                                                                  16
 Within the MSDS sections
   information includes
• Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL),
  Threshold Limit Value (TLV), other
  exposure limits

• Whether the chemical is a carcinogen

• Precautions to take for safe
  handling/use

• Recommended
  engineering controls

                                         17
 Within the MSDS sections
information includes, cont.
• Emergency first aid procedures
• Date of preparation
• Name, address,
  phone number of
  manufacturer,
  importer,
  responsible party

                                   18
       How to find MSDS
• Ask your supervisor or manager where
  the MSDS are located in your work area

• Take time to read the MSDS which
  describe the hazardous materials
  present in your work area

• Remember, knowing where MSDS are
  located and how to use them is your
  responsibility; it is part of your job



                                           19
Labeling




           20
    What must be labeled?
• The OSHA Hazard Communication
  Standard requires that ALL hazardous
  materials be labeled. Labels must
  appear either on the container itself, the
  batch ticket, placard, or the process
  sheets

• Hazardous chemicals in portable
  containers which are for the immediate
  use of the employee who performs the
  transfer is the exception to this rule


                                               21
Basic Label Information
OSHA requires that the following information be
  included on ALL labels:

   1. Identity of Hazardous Chemical(s)

   2. Appropriate hazard warnings, or alternatively,
      words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof,
      which provide at least general information
      regarding the hazards of the chemicals, and
      which, in conjunction with the other information
      immediately available to employees under the
      Hazcom program, will provide employees with
      the specific information regarding the health and
      physical hazards of the hazardous chemical

   3. Name and address of the chemical manufacture,
      importer, or other responsible party

                                                          22
              Labels
• Labels warn of potential
  dangers
• Labels are
  not intended
  to be the sole
  source of
  information
• Labels serve as an immediate
  warning

                                 23
   Labeling Requirements
• Ensure labels
  do not come off,
  become smudged
  or unreadable

• For hard-to-label
  containers, use:
  • signs or placards
  • process sheets, or batch tickets


                                       24
      Labeling Requirements
• Be able to quickly identify the general
  hazard of any material:

  •   HMIS system identifies:

      •   health hazards

      •   flammability hazards

      •   physical hazards

      •   PPE

                                            25
                    Key Words
•   As you read labels, you will see key words which signal you
    that you should take extra care when handling a particular
    hazardous material. These key words include:

•   CAUTION    MODERATE RISK
•   WARNING    MAJOR RISK
•   DANGER     SERIOUS RISK


          For example, the key word "DANGER" means:

•   Immediate harm, long term effects, or death may occur

•   Chemicals may be toxic, corrosive, or flammable

•   Protective equipment and/or clothing may be required




                                                                  26
        UAF Approved Labeling
               System
           UAF USES A LABELING COMBINATION OF:

•   Primary Labeling
    •   Maintaining labels provided by the manufactures; suppliers
•   Hazardous Material Information System (HMIS)
•   National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
•   Fisher
•   Mallinckrodt Baker
•   Department of Transportation (DOT)




                                                                     27
Health Hazards




                 28
          Health Hazards
• Health hazards include–
  •   Sensitizers
  •   Toxic Substances
  •   Irritants
  •   Carcinogens




                            29
       Major types of health
             hazards
•   Any chemical that may be harmful to your health
    is called a health hazard. The following is a brief
    description of the major types of health hazards:

•   Corrosives - cause tissue damage and burns on
    contact with the skin and eyes

•   Primary Irritants - cause intense redness or
    swelling of the skin or eyes on contact, but with
    no permanent tissue damage

•   Sensitizers - cause an allergic skin or lung
    reaction

                                                          30
       Major types of health
          hazards, cont.
•   Acutely Toxic Materials - cause an adverse effect,
    even at a very low dose

•   Carcinogens - may cause cancer

•   Teratogens - may cause birth defects

•   Organ Specific Hazards - may cause damage to
    specific organ systems, such as the blood, liver,
    lungs, or reproductive system




                                                         31
Health Hazards
Health hazards cause
health effects upon exposure
• Your supervisor will instruct you on the
  health hazards for the chemicals in
  your work area
• Health hazard information is also
  found on the MSDS for each chemical
  (Section 5)
• You should know where to find the
  MSDS file in the areas you work


                                             32
Health Hazards
• Routes of exposure:
  •   Absorption – skin & eyes
  •   Ingestion – direct & indirect
  •   Inhalation
  •   Injection




                                      33
Physical Hazards




                   34
       Physical Hazards
• Physical hazards are those hazards
  which threaten your physical
  safety




                                       35
Physical hazards include
any chemical that is a:
• Combustible      • Oxidizer
  liquid           • Unstable
• Compressed gas     (reactive)
• Explosive
• Flammable
• Organic
  peroxide




                                  36
Physical hazards also
include: (Click on each physical hazard to view
it’s Physical Agent Data Sheet (PADS))

• Heat Stress                   • Noise
• Cold Stress                   • Radio Waves
• Lasers                        • Ultraviolet
• Hand-Arm                        Radiation
  Vibration
• Ionizing
  Radiation



                                                  37
Protective Measures




                      38
         Protective Measures
•   Engineering controls
    • Well designed work areas minimize exposure to
       materials which are hazardous. Examples of
       engineering controls would include exhaust systems
       and wetting systems to control dust

•   Work practices
    • Safe work practices will insure that chemicals are used
      correctly and safely

•   Product Substitution
    • Because many chemicals do similar jobs, it is
       important to select chemicals that do a good job, while
       being less toxic

•   Personal protective equipment
    • Respirators, eye protection, gloves, aprons, and other
       protective equipment and clothing are designed to
       protect you while you work - USE THEM!

                                                                 39
Materials Inventory




                      40
      Materials Inventory
• Your supervisor will prepare and keep
  current an inventory list of all known
  hazards present in our workplace
• Specific information on each noted
  hazardous substance can be obtained by
  reviewing the MSDS

                         Hazardous Substance Inventory – List Sample
           Hazardous Substance        Operation/Work Area                 MSDS
         Trichloroethylene          Degreaser - Finish Dept.   Complete
         Muriatic Acid              Metal Stripper – Prep      Incomplete
                                    Dept.
         Acetone                    Manufacturing Area         Complete

                Sample
                                                                                 41
What Now?




            42
             What Now?
• Know the location and availability of
  hazard communication program,
  chemical and physical hazard inventory
  and MSDS files

• Know what protective measures (PPE)
  you will need when dealing with hazards

• Speak with your supervisor about
  chemical specific and site specific
  Hazcom training



                                            43
             What Now?
• Knowing how to work safely with
  chemicals and other physical hazards is
  an important activity. This is the reason
  for the online training, site specific
  training, materials inventory and MSDS

• You have a right to know, but you also
  have a responsibility to use the
  knowledge and skills to work safely



                                              44
      EHS&RM Hazcom Contact
           Information
 • Director
     •    Frances Isgrigg, 474-5487
 • Hazmat Supervisor
     •    Richard Deck, 474-5617
 • Industrial Hygienist
     •    Tracey Martinson, 474-6771
 • Safety Officers
     •    Gary Beaudette, 474-2763
     •    John Clendenin, 474-5812
Office: 474-5413           Fax: 474-5489         Email: fysafety@uaf.edu
                   Website: www.uaf.edu/safety
                                                                           45

				
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