The Haberdashers� Aske�s Boys� School

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					   The Haberdashers’ Aske’s Boys’ School
             Elstree, Herts




               13+ Entrance Test 2010

                           LATIN

                   Time: 45 minutes


         There are two sections in this test

 You should work through the sections in the order
  given.
 You do not have to finish the whole test but you
  should try to finish section one; if you start
  section two, it does not matter if you leave it
  unfinished.
 You have thirty minutes in total.
 Dictionaries are not allowed.

                 Please follow these instructions

1. Please put your name and candidate number at the top of each new
   sheet of paper you use.

2. Write in ink and remember that handwriting and neatness will be
   taken into account.

3. Do not take away the question paper.
Nisus and Euryalus make a Night Raid

Section One: read this Latin passage carefully and answer the
questions which follow. Do not write a translation unless you are
asked to do so.

olim Troiani1 bellum difficile contra Rutulos2 gerebant. dum nox
est, dux eorum, Aeneas nomine, omnes milites sociosque ad
consilium3 vocavit. subito duo iuvenes audaces, Nisus
Euryalusque, qui nondum4 noti aliis erant, in mediam turbam ruerunt.
                                                             5

'o magni viri, ' inquit Nisus, 'statim mittite me et amicum meum
in castra hostium. nos illos, dum dormiunt, non solum facile
necabimus sed etiam multa arma ab illorum corporibus capiemus.'

multi senes Troiani e consilio discedere illos iuvenes iubebant:
'nolite occidere eos, qui non se defendere possunt!'                10
clamaverunt. Iulus autem, iuvenis ipse, filius Aeneae5, virtutem
iuvenum laudavit.

itaque Nisus Euryalusque castra Rutulorum oppugnaverunt.
postquam multos hostes occiderunt, cum praeda6 fugiebant.
Euryalus forte galeam7 clarissimam rapuerat8. eheu9! splendor10     15
eius galeae ducem Rutulorum, quem voces comitum tristes iam
excitaverant11, ad Euryalum duxit.

   1    Troiani, Troianorum m. = Trojans
   2    Rutuli, Rutulorum m. = Rutulians (an ancient Italian tribe)
   3    consilium, consilii n. = war council (meeting about strategy)
   4    nondum = not yet
   5    Aeneae = genitive of Aeneas
   6    praeda, praedae f. = plunder (items stolen from beaten enemy)
   7    galea, galeae f. = helmet
   8    rapio, rapere, rapui = I snatch, steal
   9    eheu! = alas!/oh no!
   10   splendor, splendoris m. = brightness/sheen/sparkle
   11   excito, excitare, excitavi = I wake up




(The questions are on the sheet opposite)
1) olim…vocavit (lines 1-3): who was Aeneas? Why did he invite his
troops to a meeting?                                             (3)

2) subito…ruerunt (lines 3-5): describe two things about the
arrival/appearance of Nisus and Euryalus that might have surprised
the assembled group.                                            (2)

3) o magni…hostium (lines 6-7): what request do Nisus and Euryalus
make to their comrades?                                         (2)

4) Look at the second paragraph (lines 6-8):
what arguments/turns of phrase do Nisus and Euryalus use to try to
convince their audience to agree to their request? Make three
points.                                                        (3)

5) Look at multi senes…clamaverunt (lines 9-11):
a) which section of the crowd disapproved of the young men's
words?                                                            (1)
b) on what grounds did they disapprove?                           (1)
c) what course of action did they recommend?                      (1)

6) Look at Iulus...laudavit (lines 11-12):
a) why do you think that Iulus sided with Nisus and Euryalus? (Give
a clear explanation to get both marks.)                           (2)
b) why do you think Iulus' intervention settled the matter without
further dispute?                                                  (1)

7) postquam...fugiebant (line 14): what did Nisus and Euryalus do
after their slaughter of the enemy?                               (1)

8) Euryalus...duxit (lines 15-17):
a) whose attention did the stolen helmet attract? How?            (2)
b) why was this Rutulian awake?                                   (1)

8) From the Latin passage give in Latin one example of:
   a) an infinitive                                               (1)
   b) a present tense verb                                        (1)
   c) an adverb                                                   (1)
   d) a pronoun                                                   (1)
   e) a conjunction                                               (1)

Total 25 marks
                        (Please turn over for Section Two)
Section Two: translate the following passage on alternate lines
and then answer the question (*) which follows. Remember that
you do not have to finish it all! The story continues from Section
One.

nunc Nisus, ante comitem currens, e hostium castris effugit.
deinde tamen et clamorem iratum Volcentis1 et vocem
perterritum amici audivit. ad castra igitur celeriter rediit ut
Euryalum servaret. hic, quamquam a Niso forti diu defendebatur,
tandem periit. Volcens multis vulneribus quoque superatus, ad
suam mortem venit. alii Rutuli iam advenerunt et Niso
circumvento imperaverunt ut gladium traderet. sed Nisus
constituit iterum pugnare et mox super corpus Euryali mortuus
cecidit2.

1 Volcens, Volcentis m. = Volcens, leader of the Rutulians
2 cado, cadere, cecidi = I fall

* Which two words in the Latin passage above are participles and
which type of participles are they?

				
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