Regulations on pesticides by 9W2XR61

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 30

									Organic vs. Non-Organic




  Jessie, Gurp, Jeana, Ashley, Jackie D. & Jackie J.
        Outline
•   Issues
•   Facts
•   Driving Forces
•   Restraining Forces
•   Lewin’s Change
    Theory
    – Unfreezing
    – Moving to Change
    – Refreezing
• Conclusion
  What is the
   Issue?
• Debate:
  – Is organic better for your
    health?
  – Is organic better for the
    environment?
  – Is it worth the extra
    cost?
• These are the current
  issues about organic
  vs. non-organic.
                                  Facts
Organic farming relies on the following   Non-organic ways of farming use the
                principles:                 following methods:

1.   Use soil that can be used for many   1. Pesticides & Herbicides
     generations without non-organic      2. Contaminated sewage sludge
     fertilizers                          3. Hormones, Antibiotics, & remains of
2.   Use soil organisms rather than          other animals
     pesticides                           4. Irridiation
3.   Use recycled livestock manure,
     organic materials, crop residue
4.   Crop rotations to control weed
     growth
5.   No tampering with animal genetics
MORE FACTS…
                          Health
Organic                            Non-Organic
Organic fruit and vegetables       Is likely to be contaminated with
  contained as much as 40%            residues that often occur in
  more antioxidants, which            potentially dangerous
  scientists believe can cut the      combinations
  risk of cancer and heart
  disease.




                                Contain more water than
Levels of antioxidants in milk    organic produce, which
  from organic herds were up to   contains more dry matter (on
  90% higher than in milk from    average, 20% more) for a
  conventional herds.             given total weight
                      Health cont…
Organic                                    Non-Organic
Ban the use of artificial food additives   The negative effects of pesticides
  such as hydrogenated fats,                 on health include neurotoxicity,
  phosphoric acid, aspartame and             disruption of the endocrine
  monosodium glutamate, which                system, carcinogenicity and
  have been linked to health                 immune system suppression.
  problems as diverse as heart
  disease, osteoporosis, migraines
  and hyperactivity




Organic crops contained significantly
  more nutrients -vitamin C, iron,
  magnesium and phosphorus - and
  significantly less nitrates (a toxic
  compound) than conventional crops
           Environment
• Organic farming practices are designed to benefit the
  environment by reducing pollution and conserving
  water and soil.
• Limiting the pesticides, herbicides and other chemicals
  that get into the water and soil is certainly a good thing
  for protecting the delicate balance of nature.
• If you can combine eating organics and eating locally
  produced foods, you're also limiting your carbon
  footprint, because your food didn't have to travel
  thousands of miles to get to you. Reducing carbon
  emissions helps protect the ozone layer and slow
  climate change
• Farmers who inhale the chemicals used on food tend
  to have more asthma and breathing problems. They
  can also be putting themselves at higher risk for
  developing cancer.
Driving Forces vs.
Restraining Forces
              Driving Forces
• These forces cause the person to move in the
  direction of change.
• In this case, from eating more organic/local produce
  and less of ready-made/processed foods.
          Driving Forces
Organic                   Non-organic
Advantages:               Disadvantages:
• Promotes reduction of   • Fruits & vegetables
  pollution &               found to have some
                            pesticide residue
  conservation of water
  & soil
         Restraining Forces
• These forces cause the person to go against
  driving forces and oppose change.
• In this case, to continue with old eating habits.
       Restraining Forces
Organic               Non-organic
Disadvantages:        Advantages:
• Higher price        • Affordable prices
• Organic fruits &    • Lasts longer than
  vegetables spoils     organic products
  faster
Lewin’s Change Theory

          • Unfreezing



          • Moving to Change



          • Refreezing
           Unfreezing




    • Letting go of old habits.
           • Disconfirmation
• Induction of Guilt of Survival Anxiety
 • Creation of Psychological Safety or
     Overcoming of Learned Anxiety
         Frozen Behavior
- Shopping at local
  chain stores
- Buying quick and
  convenient



“
Organic food items
 are approximately
 40% more
 expensive than
 conventional food
                      ”
     How nurses can promote
            change…
• Self-awareness
• Practice what you preach
• Create public awareness
  – Campaigns, Websites, Media
    ads
• Lobbying
  – Regulations on pesticides, ban
    steroid & Abx use
• Education on Nutrition
   Moving to Change




• Attempting to try new habits.
   What needs to Change?
– Decrease non-organic foods in
  grocery stores and increase
  organic foods:

– Importing and exporting
  regulations among different
  countries

– Guarantee that food is safe and
  free from toxic chemicals and
  sludge

– Buy organic food, and substitute
  for the food that is not organic

– Consumer participation

– Increase the number of organic
  farmers
         How to buy Organic…
• 100% Organic: Carries USDA
• Organic: At least 95% organic
  excluding water & salt
• Made with Organic: At least 70%
  organic
• All Natural & Naturally Grown:
  Healthy choice but not certified
  organic
• Free Range: Animals that are allowed
  to roam free appose to being “caged”
  (Organic Trade Association, 2007)
                    Changing Behavior
                                                        Consumers
                                                             • Get into a routine of
                                                               shopping at local
                                                               dairy/farm markets and
                                                               butchers for fresh foods
                                                             • Buy in bulk and freeze /
                                                               jar
                                                             • In off-seasons, buy
                                                               organic preserved foods
                                                               (shop around for the best
                                                               deals)
                                                             • Shops for sales and buy
http://www.kqed.org/weblog/food/TemescalMarketBig.jpg
                                                               house brands
Changing Behavior
              Suppliers




           • Manual Weeding

     • Rotational Growing Schemes

• Manage Surrounding Land & Crop Space

       • Utilize Natural Resources
  Changing Behavior

Set realistic
goals and buy
organic when
  possible
              Refreezing




• Making the change a new habit.
• Focus on why the change was made in the
  first place.
• Therefore, prevent individual’s from going
  back to old habits.
             Conclusion

• Beneficial to health
• Change takes time
• Driving forces need to outweigh restraining
  forces  People need/want to change
• Buy organic or shop locally
• Nurses are change agents
The End
                           Resources
• Alexander, A. (2007). Healthy eating: Organic vs. incorganic. Trusty Guides.
  Retrieved November 16, 2007, from http://www.trustyguides.com/healthy-
  eating8.html.
• Free animations. (2007). Cartoons. Received November 7, 2007, from
  http://www.gifs.net/gif/
• Google Image Search. (2007). Images. Received November 1, 2007, from
  http://images.google.ca/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&q
• Love to Know. (2007). Is organic food better than non-organic food?
  Retrieved November 16, 2007, from
  http://organic.lovetoknow.com/Is_Organic_Food_Better_than_Non-
  Organic_Food
• Mayo Clinic. (2006). Organic foods: Are they safe? More nutritious?
  Retrieved November 16, 2007, from
  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/organic-food/NU00255
• Medindia (2007). Organic foods: The downside. Retrieved November 16,
  2007, from http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/organicfood_
  disadvantages.htm.
• Organic Consumers Association. (2003). Organic Food is Better for Your
  Health . Retrieved November 16, 2006, from
  http://www.organicconsumers.org/organic/organic_health_062903.cfm
                 Resources cont…
• Organic Food Corner. (2007). Organic food vs. non-organic – which is
  better? Retrieved November, 16, 2007, from
  http://www.organicfoodcorner.com/resources/organic-food-vs.-non-organic-
  which-is-better.php.
• Organic Trade Association (2007) How to read USDA labels. Retrieved
  November 16, 2007, from
  http://www.theorganicreport.com/pages/12_how_to_read_the_usda_organic
  _labels.cfm.
• Schein, E.H. (1995). Kurt Lewin’s change theory in the field and in the
  classroom: notes toward a model of managed learning. Retrieved November
  1,2007, from http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/1721.1/2576/1/swp-3821-
  32871445.pdf
• The World’s Healthiest Foods. (2007). Everything I need to know about
  organic foods.Retrieved November 16, 2007, from
  http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php? tname=faq&dbid=17#Planet1
• Time Online (2007). Official: Organic really is better. Retrieved November
  16, 2006, from
  http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/health/article2753446.ece
• Yahoo Search. (2007). Images. Received November 1, 2007, from
  http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images

								
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