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The New York State Weather Hazards Awareness Guide

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The New York State Weather Hazards Awareness Guide Powered By Docstoc
					The New York State Weather
 Hazards Awareness Guide
  Taken from the pamphlet produces
    by the New York State Disaster
      Preparedness Commission
          Snow and Ice
Winter Storm Watch severe winter
 weather conditions may affect your
 area

Winter Storm Warning sever winter
 weather condition are imminent (going
 to happen)
                                   Snow and Ice
   Blizzard Warning large amount of falling
    or blowing snow and winds of at least
    35 miles per hour are expected to last
    for several hours. Visibility is
    dangerously restricted



Picture from: http://chicagoweekendfun.com/2007/11/05/how-
to-dress-to-survive-a-freezing-ice-cold-snowy-chicago-winter-
or-blizzard/
          Snow and Ice
Wind Chill – the effect of wind, in
 combination with actual temperature,
 which increases the rate of heat loss to
 the human body. Also the temperature
 at which exposed skin suffers frostbite
 within a short period of time.


                Picture from:
                http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/9339.htm
              Snow and Ice
• Avoid driving in dangerous ice or snow
• Avoid overexertion if you are outside; cold
  weather places added strain on your heard
• If you are stranded in your vehicle:
  – Do not leave your car unless you see assistance
    within 100 feet (you can become disoriented and lost
    in the snow)
  – Hang a bright colored cloth from a window or the
    antenna to draw attention
  – Occasionally run the engine to keep warm…slightly
    open a window to prevent carbon monoxide
    poisoning.
          Hot and Sunny
• Wear sunblock and protective clothing
  to prevent sunburn, skin cancer, and
  premature aging
• Drink plenty of fluids and avoid
  strenuous activities
• On very hot days, stay in areas that are
  air conditioned
               Tornado
Tornado Watch – conditions are favorable
  over a large area for severe thunderstorms
  and tornadoes to develop.

Tornado Warning – a tornado has been
  detected or seen, is on the ground and
  moving and is expected to move through
  your area soon…TAKE COVER
  IMMEDIATELY
                                 Tornado
 Environmental clues to look out for:
 • Dark, often greenish sky
 • Large hail
 • Wall cloud
 • Loud roar, similar
   to a freight train

Picture from:
http://kkd.ou.edu/METR%202603/metr260
3lecture17.htm
              Tornado
If you are outdoors:
• Seek shelter in a substantial building
   immediately. If there is no shelter
   nearby, lie flat in a ditch or low spot
   with your hands shielding your head
• Do not try to outrun a tornado in your
   car…leave it and seek shelter
• Avoid all downed power lines…assume
   they are alive with electricity
              Tornado
If you are at home or in a small building:
• Go to the basement or an interior room
   on the lowest floor
• Stay away from windows
• Closets, bathroom and other interior
   rooms offer the best protection
• Get under something sturdy or cover
   yourself with a mattress.
Notice that upper levels of house
 are more damaged than lower




 Picture from: http://www.crh.noaa.gov/lot/?n=20080107tor
                  Tornado
If you are in a mobile
   home or vehicle:
• Get out! Mobile
   homes and vehicles
   are easily tossed by
   tornadoes. If there
   is no substantial
   shelter nearby, lie
   flat in a ditch or low
   spot with your           Picture from:
   hands shielding          http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/4413102.stm


   your head.
         Thunderstorm
Severe Thunderstorm Watch – severe
 thunderstorms are possible in and
 close to the watch area

Severe Thunderstorm Warning - a
 severe thunderstorm has bee spotted
 and is going to move through your
 county soon.
              Thunderstorm
If you are outdoors:
• If you can hear thunder, you are close
   enough to be struck by lightning. Go
   to safe shelter immediately.




    Picture from: http://www.air-and-space.com/lightning.htm
          Thunderstorm
If you are outdoors (cont…):
• Move to a sturdy building or car. Do
   Not take shelter in small sheds, under
   isolated trees, near fences, poles, or in
   convertible automobiles. Make sure
   the place you pick is not subject to
   flooding
                                         Thunderstorm
       If you are outdoors (cont…):
       • If you are in the woods, take shelter
          under the shorter trees.

           Imagine standing under this tree…




Picture from:
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.lightningsa
fety.noaa.gov/photos/exploding_tree1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www
.lightningsafety.noaa.gov/photos.htm&usg=__WyML_fXkdbK1v
5ptYWBG-
oNzsec=&h=1536&w=2048&sz=708&hl=en&start=2&tbnid=a5
E9LndL_2jfnM:&tbnh=113&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3D
lightning%2Bsafety%2Btree%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26sa
%3DG
          Thunderstorm
If you are outdoors (cont…):
• If you feel your skin tingle or your hair
   stand on end, squat low to the ground
   on the balls of your feet. Place your
   hands on your knees with your head
   between them. Make yourself the
   smallest target possible; minimize your
   contact with the ground. Get to shelter
   quickly.
         Thunderstorm
If you are outdoors (cont…):
• Get out of boats and away from water
• Stay away from telephone lines and
   metal pipes, which can conduct
   electricity
         Thunderstorm
If you are under shelter:
• Do not take a bath or shower
• Turn off air conditioners
• Use the telephone only for
   emergencies
• Unplug unnecessary appliances.
                             Hurricanes
• Learn safe routes inland and the
  location of official shelters. Fuel and
  service vehicles.



• Set refrigerator to maximum cold.
  Open only when necessary

Picture from: http://american-
press.net/wpStorm/?paged=37
                             Hurricanes
• Put up storm shutters and store loose
  objects. Brace exterior doors. Close
  all interior doors




Picture from: http://american-
press.net/wpStorm/?paged=37
            Hurricanes
• Stay away from windows and doors. If
  you are in a a multi-story dwelling, go
  to the lowest floor. Take refuge in a
  small interior room, closet, hallway, or
  under a table.
            Hurricanes
• If you are told to leave your home…do
  so! Plan to evacuate if you live in a
  mobile home, high-rise, on the
  coastline or offshore island, or near a
  river or flood plain.
              Flooding
If you are under shelter:
• Keep materials like sandbags,
   plywood, plastic sheeting and lumber
   hand for emergency water-proofing.



                         Picture
                         from:http://www.stltoday.com/stltoday/news/sto
                         ries.nsf/stcharles/story/908AA89093222FDB86
                         25746C000EB456?OpenDocument
              Flooding
If you are under shelter:
• If you are in a multi-story dwelling,
   move essential items and furniture to
   upper floors…including yourself.
              Flooding
If you are under shelter:
• Disconnect electrical appliances that
   cannot be moved. Do not touch them if
   you are wet or standing in water.
              Flooding
If you are outdoors:
• Get to higher ground. Watch out for
   washed out roads, earth slides, broken
   water or sewer mains, loose or
   downed electric wires and falling or
   fallen objects.
                             Flooding
If you are outdoors:
• Do not attempt to drive over a flooded
   road. Most flash flooding deaths occur
   in automobiles.




Picture from: www.time.com
  Disaster Kits good for many
         emergencies
• Flashlights        • Extra batteries
• Battery-operated   • Essential medicines
  radio              • Manual can opener
• Emergency food     • Fire extinguisher
  and water          • Checkbook, cash,
• Blankets and         and/or credit card
  sleeping bags        (ATM)
• First aid kit      • Emergency heating
                       equipment (used
                       properly)

				
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