Text Unit 6
The Making of a Surgeon
A famous surgeon tells about the importance of self-
confidence from his own experience.
The Making of a Surgeon
Plastic surgery 整形外科
The Making of a Hero 钢铁是怎样炼成的
城镇居民 City residents
紧急呼叫 Emergency call
松懈(努力) Relax one’s efforts
念叨过去 Dwell on the past
A confidence man 骗子，欺诈者
预支收入 Anticipate one’s income
简单/不费力 No sweat.
背后捅刀 Stab sb. in the back
A belly laugh 捧腹大笑
肺穿孔 A punctured lung
人非圣贤 To err is human.
独家代理 Sole agent
1. Self-confidence is the first requisite to
great undertakings. What is your
2. Are you a self-confident person?
3. How can a diffident person become self-
Answer the questions
Ⅱ Comprehension 2 on p.144
What type is the text, generally?
A. narration 记叙文
B. exposition 说明文
C. description 描述文
D. argumentation 议论文
What is the main idea of the text?
A famous surgeon tells about the importance
of self-confident from his own experience.
The text is mainly in the pattern.
A. general-specific 总分
B. problem-solution 问题-解决
C. cause-effect 因果
D. compare-contrast 比较-对比
Try to summarize each paragraph:
1. I asked myself the question: What makes a surgeon?
2. The answer, I concluded, was self-confidence.
3. During the first months I was diffident and indecisive.
4. In the last month I grew confident and decisive.
5. In the operating room I was equally confident.
6. Nor was I afraid of making mistakes.
7. A surgeon needs conceit to encourage himself.
Parts Paras Main Ideas
1 1-2 Argument: Confidence makes a surgeon.
Exemplification: Contrastive states of
2 3-6 mind in the first few months and last
month of my residency.
3 7 Restatement: A surgeon needs conceit.
1. How does a doctor recognize the point in time when…
2. …I asked myself this question on more than one
3. ---then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon.
4. I was nearing that point.
5. The first few months of the year I had…
6. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do…
7. More than once …after lying awake for an hour, I’d get
out of bed…
8. It was the only way I could find the peace of mind…
9. …any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one.
10. In the operating room I was equally confident.
11. I ‘d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the
12. …even one year earlier---I wouldn’t have been able to
live with myself if I had had to take sole responsibility
for a mistake in judgment.
13. …they were part of a surgeon’s life.
14. I could accept this fact with calmness … chances
were that no other surgeon could have, either.
15. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when
he’s bothered by …
Self-confidence In the past… Now…
is the making
of a surgeon.
① ② ③
Mistakes! No! They are part of a
④ surgeon’s life…
1. The secret of success is constancy to purpose.
2. Success is never final and failure never fatal.
3. Self-distrust is the cause of most of our failures.
4. Behind every successful man there are a lot of
Physician, diffident, residential, conclusive, inference,
incompetence, emerge, run into, confront, dreadful,
fearless, frequency, tension, tense, light-hearted,
considerable, consideration, dweller, inhabitant,
populate, foresee, foretell, predict, perspiration,
sweater, thrust, poke, complex, fraction, unavoidable,
erroneous, sole, unshared, irresponsible, response,
respond, responsive, arrogant, modesty…
More words on pp 147-8
1. Clauses introduced by once:
Once I had made a considered decision, I no
longer dwelt on it.
2. …have no/…trouble/difficulty (in) doing…
Dr. Nolen used to have trouble sleeping.
3. Double negative
There is no surgical patient I cannot treat.
Do the exercises on pp 149-51
1. If/As long as you keep (on) trying, you will be
able to resolve this difficult problem sooner or
2. We anticipate encountering/that we will
encounter resistance to our plan/our plan will
meet with resistance.
3. Jim’s friends said that the noise pollution in their
city was terrible, but they had to live with it.
4. At first Tom thought that with his knowledge,
skill and experience he was bound to find a
5. It would be wise/advisable to handle this
delicate problem with calmness and patience.
6. Dick thought that if he wasn’t able to take the
machine apart, chances were that no other
worker in the plant could, either.
7. Do you think bus drivers should take full
responsibility for the passengers’ safety.
8. You needn’t dwell on your mistakes in
judgment any more. What’s important is to
try your best to avoid repeating them.
Reading for implied meanings
Authors do not always present their ideas or
describe things using exact terms or explicit
expressions. Sometimes they prefer to write
in a more subtle and implicit way.
(p. 154, Book 2)
Parallelism is used for the following effects:
to gain emphasis; to create a pleasant
rhythm in a prose passage; and to cut down
on the number of words needed to express
an idea. E.g. I came, I saw, I conquered.
Don’t forget your plan & promise.
海 第三版大学英语第一册课件 天
存 第三版大学英语第二册课件 若
知 第三版大学英语第三册课件 比