Presented by : Laura Limem Definition of art Forms of art History Traditional art Modern art conclusion Art is the expression of creativity or imagination. The word art comes from the latin word ars, artis, which means "skill/craft/art". Art is commonly understood as the act of making works (or artworks) which use the human creative impulse and which have meaning beyond simple description. What are the different forms of art? What changes has known the art through the years? The term creative arts denotes a collection of disciplines whose principal purpose is the output of material for the viewer or audience to interpret. As such, art may be taken to include forms ranging from literary forms ( prose writing and poetry); performance-based forms (dance, acting, drama, and music); visual and “plastic arts" (painting, sculpture, photography, illustration); to forms that also have a functional role, such as architecture and fashion design. The oldest art objects in the world—a series of tiny, drilled snail shells about 75,000 years old—were discovered in a South African cave. Many great traditions in art have a foundation in the art of one of the great ancient civilizations: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, India, China... Each of these centers of early civilization developed a unique and characteristic style in their art. In Byzantine and Medieval art of the Western Middle Ages, much art focused on the expression of Biblical and not material truths, and used styles that showed the higher unseen glory of a heavenly world, such as the use of gold in the background of paintings, or glass in mosaics or windows. Renaissance art had a greatly increased emphasis on the realistic depiction of the material world, and the place of humans in it, reflected in the corporeality of the human body, and development of a systematic method of graphical perspective to depict recession in a three dimensional picture space. In the east, Islamic art's rejection of iconography led to emphasis on geometric patterns, calligraphy, and architecture. Further east, religion dominated artistic styles and forms too. The stylized signature of Sultan Mahmud II of the Ottoman Empire was written in Arabic calligraphy. It reads Mahmud Khan son of Abdulhamid is forever victorious. India and Tibet saw emphasis on painted sculptures and dance with religious painting borrowing many conventions from sculpture and tending to bright contrasting colors with emphasis on outlines. China saw many art forms flourish, jade carving, bronze work, pottery, poetry, calligraphy, music, painting, drama, fiction, etc. Chinese styles vary greatly from era to era and are traditionally named after the ruling dynasty. Painting by Song Dynasty artist Ma Lin, c. 1250. 24,8 × 25,2 cm. looking to the history we discover that the most popular forms of traditional art are paintings and drawings, wood, stone and metal sculpture, carved furniture, glass and textiles. Traditional art, also known as folk art, is by self-taught artists who create pieces used in their daily lives that are "fashioned of wood, metal, pottery, glass, textiles, paper and other materials," as stated in Folk Art. According to Folk Art, "the traditional art movement has its roots in the European countries from which early colonists and later immigrants came." Modern artists experimented with new ways of seeing and with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art. A tendency toward abstraction is characteristic of much modern art. The term is usually associated with art in which the traditions of the past have been thrown aside in a spirit of experimentation. Modern form of art are architecture, plastic art, dancing, fashion design, music… As a sequence, art has became widespread because of the consortium between the tradition and modernity.
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