The Executive Branch

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					The Executive Branch
The Cabinet and the Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
   Bureaucracy: Large, Complex administrative
    structure that handles the EVERYDAY business of
    an organization
    – How Federal Government works
   Hierarchy, Job Specialization, Rules
   3 Types in Executive Branch
    – Executive Office of President
    – Executive Departments (Cabinet)
    – Independent Agencies
   WHY DOES THE PRESIDENT NEED A
    BUREAUCRACY?
EOP

   Executive Office of the President
     – Work in “West Wing” of the White
       House
   Direct Aids to President
     – Advise
     – Assist in Day-to-Day Operations
   Led by Chief of Staff (Rahm
    Emanuel)
   Other Posts
     – Press Secretary (Robert Gibbs)
     – National Security Council
     – Presidential Counsel
The Cabinet

   No Specific Mention in Constitution
   All Presidents have had a cabinet
   Today: 15 Executive Departments
    – JOB SPECIALIZATION
   Headed by Secretary (except D.o.Justice)
    – Appointed by Prez; confirmed by Senate
   Run their departments; but, answer to Prez
Cabinet Departments
   Agriculture            Housing & Urban Development
   Commerce               Interior
   Defense                Justice
   Education              Labor
   Energy                 State
   Health & Human         Transportation
    Services               Treasury
   Homeland Security      Veterans Affairs
      Agriculture

   Purpose:
    – Manages Forests, Inspects
      Food, Assists Farmers
   Major Offices:
    – Forest Service
   Secretary: Thomas Vilsack
Commerce

   Purpose:
    – Conducts Census
    – Patents
    – International Trade
   Major Offices:
    – Census Bureau, Patent
      Office
   Secretary: Gary Locke
Defense
   Purpose:
    – Administrative head of
      Armed Forces
   Major Offices:
    – Joint Chiefs of Staff
    – Departments of Army,
      Navy, & Air Force
    – Work in Pentagon
   Secretary: Robert
    Gates
Education
   Purpose:
    – Federal Aid to Schools
    – Educational Research
   Major Offices:
    – Office of Elementary &
      Secondary Education
   Secretary: Arne Duncan
Energy
   Purpose:
    – Production of renewable
      energy
    – Nuclear Weapons
      Research
   Major Offices:
    – Office of Nuclear Energy
   Secretary: Steven Chu
Health and Human
Services
   Purpose:
     –   Funds Health care research
     –   Prevent & Control Disease
     –   Pure Food and Drug Laws
     –   Medicaid & Medicare
   Major Offices:
     – FDA
     – CDC (Center for Disease
       Control)
   Secretary: Kathleen Sebelius
     Homeland Security

   Purpose:
    – Border Safety
    – Emergency Preparedness
    – Defense
   Major Offices:
    – Coast Guard
    – Secret Service
   Secretary: Janet Napolitano
     Housing and Urban
     Development
   Purpose:
    – Public Housing Programs
    – Fair Housing Laws
   Major Offices:
    – Office of Housing
   Secretary: Shaun Donovan
    Interior

   Purpose:
    – Manages Public Lands &
      National Parks
    – Native Americans
   Major Offices:
    –   US Fish & Wildlife Service
    –   National Parks Service
    –   USGS
    –   Bureau of Indian Affairs
   Secretary: Kenneth Salazar
    Justice

   Purpose:
    – Prosecute Federal Offenders
    – Enforce Federal Laws
    – Represents US in Court
   Major Offices:
    –   FBI
    –   DEA
    –   ATF
    –   US Marshals Service
   Secretary: Attorney General
    Eric Holder
Labor
   Purpose:
    – Enforces Minimum
      Wage
    – Safe Working
      Conditions
    – Unemployment
   Major Offices:
    – OSHA
   Secretary: Hilda Solis
State
   Purpose:
    – Foreign Policy
    – Agreements w/other
      nations
    – Represents US abroad
   Major Offices:
    – Foreign Service
    – Passport Services
   Secretary: Hillary Clinton
    Transportation

   Purpose:
    – Regulates Highways, mass
      transit, railroads, waterways, &
      air travel
   Major Offices:
    – Federal Highway Administration
    – FAA (Fed Aviation Admin)
   Secretary: Raymond LaHood
      Treasury

   Purpose:
    – Print & Coin Money
    – Collect Taxes
    – Borrow Money
   Major Offices:
    – IRS
    – US Mint
   Secretary: Timothy Geithner
Veterans Affairs

   Purpose:
    – Pensions for Veterans
    – Military Cemeteries
   Major Offices:
    – Veterans Health
      Administration
   Secretary: Erik Shinseki
Independent Agencies

   Part of Executive Branch but not in
    Cabinet
   Independent Executive Agencies
    – NASA, EPA, Peace Corps, FEC
   Independent Regulatory Commissions
    – Federal Reserve, SEC, FCC
   Government Corporations
    – FDIC, Amtrak, TVA

				
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posted:6/23/2012
language:English
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