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Population 18 000 000 45 by Ou226Y

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									MADAGASCAR




 Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
            March 2006
Madagascar Map




  Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
             March 2006
                    Geography

•   South hemisphere Tropical zone
•   Lat 11-25 - Long East 43-52
•   400 km off East Coast of Africa
•   587 041 sqm - coastline 4 828 km
•   Capital Antananarivo 1 100 000 inhabitants
•   Climate: Coastal Tropical - Inland Temperate - South Arid
      Hot and rainy from November to April
      Cooler and dry from May to October



                     Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                March 2006
                 Population

• 18 000 000
    45% below 15 years
    70% rural
    80% under poverty level
• 6 Provinces
    Antananarivo 25% 4,637,000
    Fianarantsoa 3,366,000
    Toamasina 2,593,000
    Toliary 2,229,500
    Mahanjanga 1,734,000
    Antsiranana 1,188,500
                 Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                            March 2006
                          Population

•   Illiteracy 48%
•   Growth 3.03%
•   Aids Prevalence 1.2
•   Ethnic Malayo Indonesian - Cotiers - French - Indian - Creole
•   Languages French and Malagasy
•   Religions Indigenous 52% - Christian 41% - Muslim 7%
•   GDP / head 314 USD




                           Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                      March 2006
                               History

•   Became a French colony in 1896
•   Independence in 1960 - Philibert Tsiranana became the 1st President
•   1975 Didier Ratsiraka President of the Democratic Republic of Madagascar.
    Reelected in 1982 and 1989.
•   Political turmoil in 1991
•   Election of Albert Zafy in 1993
•   Reelection of Didier Ratsiraka in 1997
•   December 2001 presidential elections contested
•   29 April 2002 the High Constitutional Court announced Marc Ravalomana
    winner
•   December 2006 Presidential Elections
•   March 2007 Senatorial Elections




                           Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                      March 2006
Member of COMESA, COI, IORC and
             SADC

 Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
    • 20 countries
    • 380 millions population
    • GDP 166 Billions USD
 Indian Ocean Commission
    • 5 Islands: Seychelles, Reunion, Comores, Mauritius, Madagascar
 Indian Ocean Rim - Association for Regional Cooperation
    • 18 countries
    • Dialogue Partners China, Egypt, France, Japan and UK
 Southern African Development Community
    • 14 countries
 International member: WTO, Lome Convention, African Union




                      Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                 March 2006
               Sources of Growth

•   Textile
•   Tourism Eco-tourism - Biodiversity - Lemur species
•   Agro business Vanilla - Litchis - Essential Oils
•   Mining Graphite, Chromites, Coal, Bauxite, Quartz, Stones
•   Services
•   Privileges
      AGOA African Growth and Opportunity Act with USA
      EBA Everything But Arms with EU




                         Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                    March 2006
                       Economy

•   GDP total 16.3 Billion $
•   GDP real growth rate 6.5%
•   GDP per capita 900$
•   GDP per sector
     Agriculture 28.7%
     Industry 16.5%
     Services 54.8%




                      Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                 March 2006
                       TOURISM

• Discovery, adventure, ecotourism…
• Hotels 932
• Rooms 10,847
                2001              2004               2005 est.
  ARRIVAL       17,000            230,000            270,000
  Duration of                     20 days            20 days
  stay
  Income                          150 M USD          200 M USD



                   Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                              March 2006
        Direct Foreign Investments

                2002                    2003         2004

Total        196 MUSD           264 MUSD          306 MUSD

Stock        162 MUSD           218 MUSD          260 MUSD

Flow                            95 MUSD           53 MUSD

 In capital, profit reinvested
 2003 249 new Foreign investors
 2004 300 new Foreign investors
 France 47% Mauritius 23% China HK 9%
 Luxemburg 9% Switzerland 4% Bermudas 3%
                Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                           March 2006
       Free Zones Enterprises

• 230 Free Zone Enterprises
• Employing 120,000 staffs
• Capital investment from
    France 25%
    Asia 30%
    Mauritius 35%
   Activities : Textile - Aquaculture - Wood - Agribusiness
   Leather and shoes - Computing




                      Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                 March 2006
   TRADE BALANCE WITH MADAGASCAR

         Items                                       Value : Million US.$



                        2003           2004           2005                    2005               2006


                                                                            (JAN-APR)          (JAN-APR)


THAILAND - MADAGASCAR



     TOTAL TRADE               16.1           29.7           38.3                       23.9               8.4



       EXPORTS                 11.5           26.4            34                         22                7.6



       IMPORTS                  4.6            3.3            4.3                        1.9               0.8



   BALANCE OF TRADE             6.9            23            29.6                        20                6.9




                               Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
                                          March 2006

								
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