2012 garden expo d i y proper paver patio installation by HC120623153727


									       936 Starr School Road, Stoughton WI 53589
           (608) 873-9141 www.moyersinc.net
“Creating Beautiful and Award Winning Outdoor Living Spaces Since 1986!”

Paver Patio Installation Guide
            Developed and Presented By:
                       Jeff Moyer & Dave Otter
                   Moyer’s Inc. & Belgard Hardscapes
               Meet The Presenters:
• Jeff Moyer                                                              • Dave Otter
•   Moyer’s Inc. CEO & V.P.                   •    Northfield Block Belgard Territory Sales Manager
•   Second Generation Family Business Owner      •    10 Years Professional Lead Design Experience
•   UW-Platteville Alumnus (B.S. Ornamental     •     Associates Degree – Milwaukee Area Technical
    Horticulture & Business)                             College (Landscape Design & Construction)
•   Member WLCA, WGIF & MNLA                                    •    Member WLCA, WGIF & MNLA
•   (Current State Board Member)                            •   National Cert. Level 1 ICPI Installer
•   National Cert. Level 1 ICPI Installer                 •    National Cert. Level 1 NCMA Installer
•   National Cert. Level 1 NCMA Installer   •     Current Hardscape Industry Professional Educator
•   National Horticulture Honor Society                                         and In-Field Trainer.
    Member                                          •    Involved in several Industry Related Quality
•   World Class Award Finalist and Winner        Assurance Panels and Awards Judging Ceremonies.
    (2010 & 2011)
•   WMA Nominee and Winner (2011 & 2012)
  Consult Your Authorized
Belgard Dealer & Contractor:
        Let’s Get Started…
• You’re going to need some important tools
  in order to accomplish your patio with less
  headaches and potentially costly mistakes.
  Location and Size of Desired
• After you have acquired the necessary tools and equipment needed to
  accomplish the construction of your patio its time to get its potential
  size and dimensions.
• It helps to mark out your desired patio with yard paint, garden hose
  or rope to foresee the future size and shape of your patio
  professionally designed by Moyer’s Inc.
• Get the length, width, and depth of entire base.
• These dimensions will help you figure the
  quantity of materials that will be needed to
  install your patio.

                                       Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
                Materials Needed
• Besides the important tools and equipment that you’ll need to
  get started; there are some other very important materials you’ll
  need to construct your paver patio.

• These materials include (but are not always limited to):
  Landscape Fabric Underlayment
  Compaction Stone Base Aggregate
  Torpedo Screed Sand
  Belgard Pavers of Choice
  Polymeric Joint Stabilizing Sand
  Paver Edge Restraint w/ Stakes or Nails
  Cleaning and Sealant Material (if desired)

Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
•    Now that you have your dimensions you can apply them to calculate the amount of
     material you’ll need.

•    Keep in mind that most of our dimensional measurements are made in linear feet.
     However, most base material is ordered by the cubic yard or ton. You will need to
     make some mathematical conversions to come up with our “landscape friendly”
     orders. NOTE: The professional landscape supply staff at Moyer’s Inc. are happy to
     help you calculate and deliver your accurate material quantities!

•    Here is an easy conversion to keep in mind:
     For converting cubic feet into cubic yards take your length x width x height (in feet)
     and divide it by 27 (to give you the actual volume in cubic yards).

     Example (Calculation Compaction Stone Base):
     16 ft. x 12 ft. x .5 ft = 96 Cubic Feet
     96 Cu. Ft. / 27 = 3.56 Cubic Yards
     (or just over 3.5 Cu. Yds. Of Compaction Stone Base Material)
    Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
          Order Your Material
• Contact Moyer’s Hometown Nurseries and Landscape
  Services, Inc. for all of your hardscaping supply needs.
• We supply all of your base materials and offer a wide
  variety of paver types and styles to chose from. Just give
  us a ring, stop by or check us out on the web!

     936 Starr School Rd.
     Stoughton, WI 53589
     Phone: 608-873-9141
      Fax: 608-873-9414

•   The excavation of your base should exceed at least six (6) inches beyond the
    predetermined size of your patio on all sides. This “over excavation” allows for
    strength and stability of pavers, drainage, and room for slight adjustment of actual
    finished size of your patio.

•   Depth of patio base excavation is determined by sub soil conditions, patio usage
    (driveway, patio, retention, etc.), and building / structural obstacles. A standard to go
    by is assuming that your pavers will be between 2” – 3” thick, your total excavation
    depth should be 9-10”. This takes into account a 6’’ compaction stone base, an
    approximately ½’’ screed sand base, and a 2” – 3” thick paver.

•   A string line and / or painted markings help insure your excavation remains
    accordingly to how you want your patio to finish.

•   After the base is excavated to the proper depth, it is very important to compact the sub
    soil with the use of a jumping jack or vibratory plate compactor to insure there are no
    voids in the existing soil. NOTE: Compact sub-base to 95% Proctor Density!

    Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
       Base Materials Installation
• Install your fabric underlayment. This fabric does not act as a weed
  barrier! It is a semi-permeable barrier separating the compacted sub
  soil from the compaction base material. It also acts as soil stabilizer;
  strengthening the base and increasing the longevity of your patio.
• After the fabric underlayment is installed, begin adding your
  compaction stone material (3/4’’ crushed aggregate w/ fines) in lifts
  of 2 inches, leveling and compacting properly between each lift. Do
  this step until you have a minimum 6 inch compacted base. You will
  need to dampen the compaction to gain a proper moisture level for
  proper compaction rates. to 985 Proctor Den
   NOTE: Compact the base aggregate to 98%
   Proctor Density.

Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
  Setting Your Level and Pitch
• Compacting your stone base is not the only task that is crucial while
  setting the base for your patio. While setting your lifts of compaction
  stone you should also be leveling the stone according to your
  predetermined pitch (different patio applications may require
  different pitch ratings). Pitch is what determines water runoff and
  flow which is very important for outdoor structures. By setting your
  level and pitch as you build the base upward you’re decreasing the
  possibility of errors that can occur while setting the screed levels.

   Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
       Master of the SCREED…
•   Now that you’ve set the stone base properly, with
    sufficient compaction and, of course, setting the
    correct slope and pitch, the easy part is done!
•   You now need to spread a layer of screed sand evenly
    over the compacted stone base not exceeding 1 inch.
    This sand will be leveled, and compacted as the final
    base prior to laying your pavers… this is very crucial
    to the outcome of your patio! Screed the sand with a
    manufactured screed board or a very plum and
    straight 2 x 4’’ board. While screeding, perform your
    strokes in a “cross pattern” action or perpendicular to
    one another to insure that all areas have been
    smoothed level.
•   NOTE: It helps to use ½” conduit as a screed guide
    over top of your base aggregate for your board to
    run across. This tool keeps your screed layer
    consistent and limits human error!

                     Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc   .
            It’s Paver Laying Time!
• Okay, now the hard part is over… The base
  has been excavated, compacted, stone set,
  pitched and leveled and the sand has been
• The key to successfully completing the laying
  process is bribery and Advil! It helps to have
  several people involved to carry pavers to a
  person who can lay out the desired pattern.
  This makes the laying process efficient and
  saves a bit on the back and knees if you’re
  caught having to haul and lay pattern yourself.
• It is best to start a “square point,” when laying
  out the pavers. Usually a house corner or door
  entrance is a great starting point.
•     NOTE: Feel free to consult your Moyer’s Inc. Professional staff
      member and your Belgard Product Resource Guide for patterns
      and layout instructions!
    Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
             Paver Edge Restraint
• After laying the main body of your patio and cutting pavers to meet
  the shape and style you desire, it’s time to install the edging restraint.
  This helps to “hold your patio in place.” It is a strength and stability
  application the allows interlocking pavers to interlock and do their
• It is recommended to use a sturdy, rigid PVC edge restraint secure
  with heavy nails or stakes. NOTE: Contact Moyer’s Inc. for prices on
   the best hardscaping products in the market!

Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
              Polymeric Joint Sand

•   Now that the pavers have been secured with a sturdy PVC edge restraint you can
    sweep in the interlocking bonding agent. Polymeric sand is a bonding sand that
    “grouts” the pavers and adds to the patio’s strength and stability, but also makes the
    pavers “pop” with a beautiful outlined appearance all while eliminating potential
    weeds, insects and moss / mold!
•   NOTE: Properly installing and curing polymeric sand takes care and patience.
    Remember to read all product labels and follow directions diligently!

Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
                        Finish The Project!
•       Generally, most patio applications will require backfilling of topsoil to meet the new
        grade of the patio. There are many clean up and finish duties involved that can be
        very time consuming, however, they are important to the longevity and appearance of
        the patio and will allow you to enjoy your patio retreat for years to come! NOTE:
        Contact Moyer’s Inc. for delivery of your finishing materials such as pulverized
        topsoil, seed / sod, straw matting, and beautiful trees and shrubs to compliment your
        new outdoor living space!
    •     Below is a ‘Design Construction Detail’ of a proper paver base and finished application for your reference:

             Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.
Enjoy Your Patio!

 Proper Paver Patio Installation
Guide References / Contact Info:
• Jeff Moyer (CEO & V.P.) Moyer’s Landscape Services &
  Hometown Nurseries, Inc.: Jeff.Moyer@moyersinc.net
• Dave Otter (Sales Representative) Belgard Hardscapes:
• Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.:
• Belgard Hardscapes: www.belgard.biz
• Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI): www.icpi.org
• National Concrete Masonry Association (NCMA): www.ncma.org
• Wisconsin Masonry Alliance: www.wma-online.org
• Wisconsin Landscape Contractors Association – Madison
  Chapter: www.landscapemadison.com

 Moyer’s Landscape Services & Hometown Nurseries, Inc.

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