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Definition of art
Forms of art
Art is the expression of creativity or imagination. The word art
comes from the latin word ars, artis, which means
"skill/craft/art". Art is commonly understood as the act of
making works (or artworks) which use the human creative
impulse and which have meaning beyond simple description.
What are the different forms of art?
What changes has known the art through the years?
The term creative arts denotes a collection of disciplines whose
principal purpose is the output of material for the viewer or
audience to interpret.
As such, art may be taken to include forms ranging from literary
forms ( prose writing and poetry); performance-based forms
(dance, acting, drama, and music); visual and “plastic arts"
(painting, sculpture, photography, illustration); to forms that
also have a functional role, such as architecture and fashion
The oldest art objects in the world—a series of tiny, drilled snail
shells about 75,000 years old—were discovered in a South
Many great traditions in art have a foundation in the art of one of
the great ancient civilizations: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia,
Persia, India, China... Each of these centers of early civilization
developed a unique and characteristic style in their art.
In Byzantine and Medieval art of the Western Middle Ages, much art
focused on the expression of Biblical and not material truths, and used
styles that showed the higher unseen glory of a heavenly world, such as the
use of gold in the background of paintings, or glass in mosaics or windows.
Renaissance art had a greatly increased emphasis on the realistic depiction
of the material world, and the place of humans in it, reflected in the
corporeality of the human body, and development of a systematic method
of graphical perspective to depict recession in a three dimensional picture
In the east, Islamic art's rejection of iconography led to emphasis on
geometric patterns, calligraphy, and architecture. Further east, religion
dominated artistic styles and forms too.
The stylized signature of Sultan Mahmud II of the Ottoman Empire
was written in Arabic calligraphy. It reads Mahmud Khan son of
Abdulhamid is forever victorious.
India and Tibet saw emphasis on painted sculptures and dance
with religious painting borrowing many conventions from
sculpture and tending to bright contrasting colors with emphasis
China saw many art forms flourish, jade carving, bronze work,
pottery, poetry, calligraphy, music, painting, drama, fiction, etc.
Chinese styles vary greatly from era to era and are traditionally
named after the ruling dynasty.
Painting by Song Dynasty artist Ma Lin, c. 1250. 24,8 × 25,2 cm.
looking to the history we discover that the most popular forms of
traditional art are paintings and drawings, wood, stone and
metal sculpture, carved furniture, glass and textiles.
Traditional art, also known as folk art, is by self-taught artists
who create pieces used in their daily lives that are "fashioned of
wood, metal, pottery, glass, textiles, paper and other materials,"
as stated in Folk Art.
According to Folk Art, "the traditional art movement has its
roots in the European countries from which early colonists and
later immigrants came."
Modern artists experimented with new ways of seeing and with
fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art. A
tendency toward abstraction is characteristic of much modern
The term is usually associated with art in which the traditions of
the past have been thrown aside in a spirit of experimentation.
Modern form of art are architecture, plastic art, dancing,
fashion design, music…
As a sequence, art has became widespread because of the
consortium between the tradition and modernity.