• What is Genocide? Briefly explain the
conflict between the Hutus and the
Tutsis in Rwanda in the 90s.
Genocide in Rwanda
Aim: Why did Genocide occur in
Rwanda in 1994 and what were its
What role does the United Nations
have in Stopping Genocide?
• After WWII the world vowed never to
allow another genocide to occur.
• United Nations: Organization of 192
nations charged with maintaining peace
in the world and mediating global
The legal definition of genocide as defined by
the Genocide Convention is:
“Acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a
national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
• Killing members of the group;
• Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
• Creating living conditions of the group with the intent to bring
• physical destruction in whole or in part
• Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
• Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group”
• ~ Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
Genocide, Article 2
Genocide occurred again in
Rwandan in 1994
Rwanda is a small country in
Rwanda is the most densely populated country in Africa.
• The Belgian's (remember king Leopold)
took control over Rwanda after WWI.
• They ruled the country as brutal
II. Hutus and Tutsis
• After WWI Belgium gained control of
• In order to strengthen control Belgium
divided Rwanda’s unified population
Into two groups: Hutus and Tutsis.
III. Hutus and Tutsis
Under Belgium Control Tutsi’s (approx
15% of the population) were more favored
because they were considered to be more
IV. Discrimination and
• Under Colonialism Hutus, who make up
85% of Rwanda’ pop. were denied:
– higher education
– land ownership
– positions in government.
Only Tutsi’s could attend
V. Independence and Hutu
• IN 1959, violence erupted between Hutus and
• Hutus overthrew Tutsi rule and declared an
• Mass killings of Tutsis occurred during this
time period…hinting of things to come.
• Hutus used the same system of racial
oppression that existed during colonialism.
VI. The Spark
• Rising tensions based on racial divisions and
oppression set the stage for genocide. Tutsi
rebels began to gather forces.
• Hutu officials began preparation to carry out
• On 1994 the Rwandan President
Habyarmana was killed when his plane was
• Hutu’s blamed Tutsi rebels and the Genocide
The genocide was planned and carried out through orchestrated
public opinion campaigns using radio, television, newspapers, and
other hate propaganda.
• Rwanda Genocide: In 1994, after a
long process of planning and
preparation, the Hutu majority launched
an intense period of systematic killings
of Tutsis in the small African country of
• In less than 100
days, nearly one
million people were
killed. That is nearly
twice the entire
• Reading: Valentina’s Story
• Clip: Ghosts of Rwanda