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					         INSPIRE & SEIS
because Good Decisions need Good
    Information timely available
        INSPIRE: Scope of the Directive
     INSPIRE: State-of-Play Implementation
        INSPIRE, SEIS & e-Government

                 EC INSPIRE TEAM
      Joint Research Centre - Directorate-General
              Environment – EUROSTAT

                     European Commission
       Sustainable Development and Integration Directorate
          Hugo de Groof,
                                 MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
Better and timely Information, better and timely Decisions

• The Sixth Environment Action Programme confirmed the
  crucial need for sound and robust information

• Forest fires, floods and droughts, the challenge of adapting
  to climate change and the loss of biodiversity, underline the
  need for accurate environmental information to be made
  quickly and easily available.

• Reporting and Monitoring requirements under Community
  law are the main drive for collecting data and information.

                     European Commission – DG Environment
                     Sustainable Development and Integration Directorate
                                      MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
The vast amount of data collected by public authorities
  across the EU is not timely available when it is needed and
  matters for decision making
        range of obstacles of a legal, financial, technical and
        procedural nature
Despite good progress with modernising and streamlining
  reporting obligations and systems e.g. WISE, the situation
  is still patchy:
    Each piece of environmental legislation has it own reporting system and
     data flows.
    In some cases this data is not even reported electronically
    INSPIRE Directive: the EU is moving towards a distributed system for on-
     line access and sharing of spatial data

Limited capability to quickly (=seamlessly) turn data to
  policy relevant information and implement efficiently
  (seamlessly) integrated approaches to environmental
  policy.                                                                             3
                                           MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                     Therefore… INSPIRE:
             Bringing data and services together
            through a Spatial Data Infrastructure
                                       Data and
                                    services easily
                                    and accessible
                                        to users

                                                           development of
                                                          new applications
  Like a road infrastructure                                and services
makes it possible to connect
       different places,
 a spatial data infrastructure   GEODATA: THE BACKBONE IN EFFECTIVE
makes it possible to connect            DIGITAL ADMINISTRATION
data and services located at       The Danish E-government homepage
      different sources                                                       4
                                   MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
     In order to built INSPIRE & SEIS,
                  we need:

 Institutional framework:       Infrastructure:
Collaboration & Co-ordination   •Technical Standards
                 The KEYS       •Architecture

              Fundamental Information
                 data sets Services

                                MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
 INSPIRE Directive (2007/2/EC)*: Into Force 15/5/2007

               General Provisions
• INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an
  infrastructure for spatial information in Europe for the
  purposes of Community environmental policies and policies
  or activities which may have an impact on the environment.
   – This infrastructure shall build upon infrastructures for spatial
     information established and operated by the Member States.

• INSPIRE does not require collection of new spatial data –
  electronic format
• INSPIRE does not affect Intellectual Property Rights or
  statistical confidentiality
                                        MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
              INSPIRE Scope
• Spatial data held by or on behalf of a public
 authority operating down to the lowest level of
 government when laws or regulations require
 their collection or dissemination

• INSPIRE covers 34 Spatial Data Themes laid
 down in 3 Annexes – (required to successfully
 build environmental information systems)

                          MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                INSPIRE - Data Sharing
•   Member States shall adopt measures for the sharing of data
    and services between public authorities for public tasks
    relating to the environment without restrictions occurring at
    the point of use.
•   Public authorities may charge, license each other and
    Community institutions provided this does not create an
    obstacle to sharing.
•   When spatial data or services are provided to Community
    institutions for reporting obligations under Community law
    relating to the environment then this will not be subject to
•   Member States shall provide the institutions and bodies of the
    Community with access to spatial data sets and services in
    accordance with harmonised conditions. Implementing Rule
                                     MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                     INSPIRE - Technical
                 INSPIRE is a Framework Directive

 “Implementing Rules” for:
 I.     Metadata
 II.    Interoperability of spatial data sets and
 III.   Network services (discovery, view,
        download, transform, invoke) - European
 IV.    Data and Service sharing EU / MS
 V.     Coordination and measures for monitoring
        & reporting
“Implementing Rules” to adopt according to directive “roadmap”
“Implementing Rules” bottom-up development with stakeholders
                                            MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
           From Commission proposal
      to Community Directive implementation
• Preparatory phase (2004-2006)
  – Co-decision procedure
  – Start of preparation of Implementing Rules
• Transposition phase (2007-2009)
  –   Directive entered into force 15 May 2007
  –   INSPIRE Committee starts its activities 26 June 2007
  –   Continuation of preparation of Implementing Rules
  –   Transposition into national legislation
  –   Adoption of Implementing Rules by Comitology
• Implementation phase (2009-2013)
  – Implementation and monitoring of measures
  – Continuation of preparation of Implementing Rules
  – Adoption of Implementing Rules by Comitology
                                   MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                                                                 * = date proposed by Commission
                   Roadmap for IR adoption
              Article    Description
2007-05-15               Entry into force of INSPIRE Directive
2007-08-15     22§2      Establishment of the INSPIRE Committee
2008-05-15      5§4      Adoption of IR for the creation and updating of metadata
2008-05-15     21(4)     Adoption of IR for monitoring and reporting
2008-05-15*     16       Adoption of IR for discovery and view services
2008-11-15*     16       Adoption of IR for download services
2008-11-15*              Adoption of IR for data exchange
2008-11-15*    16(a)     Adoption of IR for coordinates transformation service
                         Adoption of IR governing the access rights of use to spatial data sets
2009-05-15*    17(8)
                         and services for Community institutions and bodies
                         Adoption of IRs for the interoperability and harmonisation of spatial
2009-05-15      9(a)
                         data sets and services for Annex I spatial data themes
2009-05-15     24§1      Provisions of Directive are brought into force in MS
2010-11-15*     16       Adoption of IR for invoke "spatial data service"
                         Adoption of the IR s for the interoperability and harmonisation of
2012-05-15      9(b)
                         spatial data sets and services for Annex II and III spatial data themes
                                                       MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                                                            * = date proposed by Commission

              Roadmap (Implementation)
               Article    Description
2010-05-15    21§1        Implementation of provisions for monitoring
2010-05-15    6(a)        Metadata available for spatial data corresponding to Annex I and II
2010-05-15*   16          Discovery and view services operational
2010-05-15    15          The EC establishes and runs a geo-portal at Community level
2010-11-15*   16          Download services operational
2010-11-15*   16(a)       Coordinates transformation services operational
                          Newly collected and extensively restructured Annex I spatial data sets
2011-05-15    7§3, 9(a)
2012-11-15*   16          Invoke "spatial data service" services operational
2013-05-15    6(b)        Metadata available for spatial data corresponding to Annex III
                          Newly collected and extensively restructured Annex II and III spatial
2014-05-15    7§3, 9(b)
                          data sets available
2016-05-15    7§3, 9(a)   Other Annex I spatial data sets available
2019-05-15    7§3, 9(b)   Other Annex II and III spatial data sets available
                                                   MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                            INSPIRE IR Development process
                                                                                   Commission Services co-ordinate

                                                                                                                                                                          INSPIRE                      EP
                       INSPIRE Expert Group                                                                                                                                                                             EC
                                                                                                                                                                         Committee                   Council
                             advises                                                                                                                                                                                  adopts
                                                                                                                                                                           votes                     scrutiny

                                                                                                                                                 Formal Internet Consultation
                            Existing Reference Material

                                                                                    EC Consolidation Team

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Implementing Rules
                                                                                                                                                                                          Implementing Rules
   Call for Interest



       Experts are                                                            Projects                      validate                    LMOs
       proposed                                                              contribute                                                re-view

                                                                                                                                                                                 Public                          MS
                                                                                                                                                                                reviews                         apply
                                                          Spatial Data Interest Communities participate
                                                            CEN, ISO, OGC

 Association phase                                                           Drafting phase                                            Review phase

2005                                                                                                              2007                                                                                         2008 13
                                                                                                                      MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                  Work Programme 2007-2009
              Implementing Rule development cycle

    Directive Requirements
      Reference materials
                                 Drafting of IR

                  Drafting Teams                                 Testing of draft IR

       Manage                       (SDICs, LMOs):
    evolution of IRs                1. Reference material
                                    2. Experts
                                    3. Projects
Commission                                                           consultation

            Regulatory process
 INSPIRE                                     Commission
Committee                                    inter-service
                                                                              Open registration at:
                                                     MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
    Results of
    the call for
     Opened on 1
     March 2005
   registered per

                        22-06-2005              Spatial Data Interest         201
Spatial Data Interest      139                  Communities (SDICs)         (+45%)
Communities (SDICs)                             Legally Mandate               116
Legally Mandate            89                   Organisations (LMOs)        (+30%)
Organisations (LMOs)                            Proposed Experts           210 (+9%)
Proposed Experts           193                  Referenced Materials          144
Referenced Materials       96                                               (+50%)
Identified Projects        94                   Identified Projects           112
                                     MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
         The INSPIRE EU Geoportal
• Required by the INSPIRE
  directive (art.15)
• Provides access to the Member
  States INSPIRE services
• Development under EC
   – Aim to provide an
     operational platform to
     satisfy the requirements of
     the directive and IR
   – Geoportal dependent on the
     IR development
• The INSPIRE Geoportal will be
  operated by the EC
                                   MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
         Current & Future Developments
•   Alignment of metadata editor, search criteria and discovery
    with INSPIRE (draft) IR (2007-2009)
•   View services according to INSPIRE (draft) IR
•   Multi-lingual (2007-2010)
•   Provide reference info to DTs (continuous)
    – feature catalogues, glossary etc
•   Download services, incl. security (2009-2011)
•   Registries (continuous)
Under development at:
                                       MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
          INSPIRE Governance Structures
•   The Commission (Article 22)
     – Shall be assisted by a Committee -> Comitology Procedure
     – Coordinating INSPIRE at Community level assisted by relevant
       organisations and, in particular, by the European Environment Agency

•   The Member States
     – Are members of the Committee (Article 22)
     – Contact points to the Commission supported by a coordination
       structure, taking account of the distribution of powers and
       responsibilities within the Member State. (Article 19)

•   Other Parties
     – European standardisation bodies (Article 20)
     – Representatives of Member States at national, regional and local level
       as well as other natural or legal persons, including users, producers,
       added value service providers or any coordinating body (Article 7)

• The European Parliament and Council                                              18
                                         MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                    Implementing INSPIRE

• The implementation of INSPIRE needs to consider the broader context of
  existing initiatives which could contribute

• The INSPIRE implementation should interface with those partnerships and
  initiatives where relevant and establish synergy*

• SDIC bundle the human expertise of users, producers and transformers of
  spatial information, technical competence, financial resources and
  policies. Many SDIC exist today, generally organised by region, thematic
  issue or sector (industry).

                                           concept of Spatial Data Interest
             Clearing House?               Communities (SDIC)
                                           MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
• Innovative dual approach
   – Top-down: INSPIRE is a framework Directive with implementing rules
     to be adopted in the coming years.
   – Bottom-up: Highest involvement of key stakeholders (through the
     “Spatial Data Interest Community” concept) needed for development,
     implementation and sustained operation
   – Openness and transparency in drafting implementing measures a must
   – Pilots and Projects important to define/validate the implementing rules
   – Links and interfaces with Community (GMES, eGov etc..) and other
     international initiatives (GEOSS, GSDI etc.) essential

• Transposition of INSPIRE, within the fixed time, to National
  Legislation in each Member State is crucial

• Urgent need of establishing coordinating bodies and structures to
  start INSPIRE implementation                                   20
                                       MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
      Therefore…the SEIS
SEIS is a collaborative initiative of the Commission, the EEA and
MSs to establish an integrated, common, shared, multipurpose
and sustained information system in Europe serving two main
  improve the timely availability, sharing and quality of
environmental data and information (or data impacting
environmental policies) within Europe and provision of e-
Government/e-Environment services to public policy makers
and citizens;
   offer to MSs and EU institutions an efficient reporting system
to fulfil their reporting obligations related to Community
environmental policies and legislation, avoiding duplication of
efforts, overlapping and redundancies

  A System where the public authorities are the providers but also the21
 main end-users and beneficiaries       MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
SEIS concept:
 integrated but distributed web-enabled "system of systems" in which current
   systems based on reporting data and information (including documents)
   centrally are increasingly replaced by e-Reporting systems based on access,
   sharing and interoperability.

 SEIS will be based on a distributed network virtual and institutional of public
   information providers (or other providers acting on behalf of public providers)
   for sharing environmental data and information.

 It will be built incrementally upon existing infrastructures, systems and e-
   Services in both MSs and EU institutions, virtually interconnecting them and
   making them to 'talk to each other' (inter-operable).

                                              MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
Five issues as prerequisites for
a good and efficient SEIS, meeting its objectives:
• deployment of an efficient, interoperable infrastructure for on-line
  accessing and sharing data and information and provision of
  information services;
• modernising the reporting requirements and systems with a view to
  developing a coherent, common and shared reporting system based on
  access, sharing and interoperability;
• enhance quality and comparability of the data and information going
  into the SEIS system
• availability of ‘interoperable’ methodologies (e.g. for integrated
  cross-sectoral assessments or risk assessment and forecast) and e-
  Governement services to seamlessly implement them (e.g. decision
  support systems);
• "interoperability of policies", i.e. policy coherence.
                                         MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
INSPIRE and GMES: key partners in developing the SEIS

 The effective implementation of the INSPIRE directive: main basis for
   delivering those aspects of the SEIS system that have to do with
   interoperability, sharing and access of spatial environmental data.

 SEIS beyond INSPIRE:
    -   non-spatial data and non-numerical information
    -   provision of information services related to a coherent reporting system and e-
        Government/e-Environment to support decision making and inform the citizens.

 The GMES would contribute to SEIS with the provision of e-Environment
   services such as the fast track services in Land, Marine, Emergency
   Response which will allow to turn quickly and seamlessly data to policy
   relevant information (e.g. information integration for indicators and
   enabling integrated assessments

How about UNECE Clearing House?
                                                  MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
  Communication on SEIS: From Concept to Reality

   Will set out overall framework/ vision for an
     integrated Shared Environmental Information
   Concrete measures in the Communication:
      Carefully monitor INSPIRE implementation and GMES further
        development to fit real needs
      Early revision of standardised reporting directive (before November
      Assessment of potential to further harmonise in-situ monitoring
      EEA to make SEIS centre of its strategy for fulfilling its mandate
      Allocation of Community funds (LIFE+, structural)
Adoption in January 2008                  MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
              Conclusions 1

• INSPIRE & SEIS are ‘tools’ for developing,
  implementing and monitoring environmental
  policies more timely and more cost-efficiently

• Their benefits will be tangible for all levels of

• INSPIRE is a Directive developed by – and
  for the benefits of the stakeholders – the
  bottom-up approach
                            MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                 Conclusions 2
• INSPIRE includes also a technical framework with
  implementing rules developed and adopted in the
  coming years

• INSPIRE is an essential pillar, a first step, of a
  broader vision for a European Shared
  Environmental Information System which includes
  the many applications for environmental
  management and reporting built on the INSPIRE

• There is a lot of scope for collaboration between
  UNECE Clearing House and INSPIRE/SEIS

• More info at:,; WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
                             MAKING INSPIRE
SEIS data and information content
data and information required by :
 EC Environment legislation, existing or upcoming
 State of the Environment Information (including information
  provided voluntarily) –EEA’s data flows
 Data collected in the context of International environmental
  conventions in which the EU is a party
 Environment-related information and data collected/required by
  other EC policies .
 The ambition of SEIS however is to develop a flexible
  infrastructure that would allow other data collections, flows and
  systems beyond the above four categories to ' plug in' on the
  basis of mutual benefits.
                                  MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007
               SEIS Information Services
 E.g. of Information Services for Public Policy Makers and
  Citizens that can ‘plug in’ to SEIS/INSPIRE infrastructure:
   – Software applications implementing in a transparent and traceble way
     methodologies for integrated assessments across policy domains
     (DPSIR : driving forces, pressures, state, impact, response),
     integrated assessment of ecosystems and of climate changes.
   – Decision support systems for assessment of environmental impacts
     of big infrastructures/installations taking into account also socio-
     economic aspects).
   – Dissemination and public information portals on DPSIR, geo -
     referenced emergency alerting systems-, forecasting of risks .
   – Automated report generators etc: to decrease the administrative
     burden of MSs from reporting obligations to EC

                                         MAKING INSPIRE WORK – UNECE Workshop, 13/12/2007

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