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					Introductory Remarks

                     Rock and Roll
     “Rock and Roll” goes back to black African and white
European music. From the seventeenth to the twentieth century,
musicians in the southern United States developed two new
forms of music, the blues and the country music. They influenced
each other and finally developed into Rock and Roll with the birth
of the electric guitar.




                                                       Go to Text B
                 1. Oral Practice
Before Reading   2. Listening Practice
                    a. Rock and Roll, Blues and Country music
                    b. Dictation


                 1. Global Reading
                     a. First Reading
Text Reading         b. Second Reading
                 2. Detailed Study of Text A
                 3. Summary of Text A

                 1. Useful Phrases and Expressions
After Reading    2. Exercise 9
                 3. Exercise 13
                 4. Exercise 14
Oral Practice

  1. Rock and Roll or Pop song, which one do you like most?

  2. Do you know any Roll and Roll stars?

  3. What musical instruments do Rock and Roll players use?




                               1/7
                   Rock/Rock and Roll/Rock-’n’-Roll:
   Rock music emerged during the mid-1950s to become the major
popular musical form of young audience in the United States and Western
Europe. the only feature common to all rock music is a heavy emphasis
on the beat. It evolved from jazz and the blues.
   Elvis Presley is considered the King of Rock and Roll. He died long ago,
but his music did not die with him and continues to influence
American culture.




                                Enjoy: Love me tender

                                                       show transcripts


   Elvis Presley
                                   2/7
                   Love me tender                           Elvis Presley


Love me tender                          Love me tender, love me true;
Love me tender, love me sweet;          All my dream fulfill,
Never let me go.                        For my darling, I love you.
You have made my life complete.         And I always will.
And I love you so.                      Love me tender, love me dear;
Love me tender, love me true;           Tell me your are mine,
All my dreams fulfill,                  I'll be yours through all the years,
For my darling, I love you.             Till the end of time.
And I always will.                      Love me tender, love me true;
Love me tender, love me long;           All my dreams fulfill,
Take me to your heart,                  For my darling, I love you.
For it's there that I belong,           And I always will.
And we'll never part.


                                  3/7
                                  Blues
  It is a kind of black folk music characterized by minor harmonies, typically
slow tempo, and melancholy words. Usually it indicates a type of jazz
originating among Afro-Americans, often characterized by themes of
complaint or unhappiness.




                                  Enjoy: Just one last dance




                                                           show transcripts


                                     4/7
                      Just one last dance
                                                           Sarah Connor
We meet in the night in the Spanish café
I look in your eyes just don't know what to say
It feels like I'm drowning in salty water
A few hours left 'til the sun's gonna rise
Tomorrow will come an it's time to realize
Our love has finished forever

How I wish to come with you          The wine and the lights and the Spanish guitar
How I wish we make it through        I'll never forget how romantic they are
                                     But I know, tomorrow I'll lose the one I love
Just one last dance
Before we say goodbye                There's no way to come with you
When we sway and turn round          It's the only thing to do
and round and round
It's like the first time             (repeat)
Just one more chance                 Just one last dance
Hold me tight and keep me warm       ……
Cause the night is getting cold
And I don't know where i belong
Just one last dance
                                       5/7
                             Country Music
  Country music originated among whites in rural areas of the southern and
western U.S. Country music has become increasingly acceptable to urban
audiences, retaining its vitality with diverse performers such as Willie Nelson,
Waylon Jennings, Randy Travis, Garth Brooks, Emmylou Harris, and Lyle
Lovett. Despite the influence of other styles, it has retained an unmistakable
character as one of the few truly indigenous American musical styles.




                              Enjoy:
                              Take me home, country road



                                                            show transcripts
    John Denver
                                     6/7
             Take me home, country road
                                                       John Denver
Almost heaven west Virginia              Dark and dusty painted on the sky
Blue ridge mountains Shenandoah river    Misty taste of moon shine
Life is old there older than the trees   Tear drops in my eyes
Younger than the mountains               (repeat: Country roads take me home…)
                                         I hear her voice in the morning
Growing like a breeze
                                         Hours she calls me
Country roads take me home
                                         Radio reminds me of my home far away
To the place I belong
                                         Driving down the road I get a feeling that
West Virginia mountain momma
                                         I should have been home yesterday
Take me home country roads
                                         Yesterday
All my memories gather round her
                                         (repeat: Country roads take me home…)
Miners lady stranger to blue water




                                    7/7
Dictation
   Before listening, you may need to know the following words or
   expressions.



              influence                   影响
              graduate from               毕业于
              studio                      工作室

              copy                        拷贝,副本
              Hollywood                    好莱坞




                                 1/2
 Dictation
  Listen to the following short passage and fill the blanks with missing words.
   Elvis Presley was born in a small, two-room home in a poor family. By
the age of ________, his family moved to Memphis, TN where Elvis was
              13
                                   musical
opened up to a whole new world of ________ influences. After he
_________
 graduated                                _______
               from high school in 1953, instead of working on his
                                              ________
_________ , he decided to work full time as a truck driver ; but that
singing career
soon changed.
  In the summer of 1953 Elvis paid four dollars and recorded two songs
for________________ at Sam Phillips’ Sun Records studio. Sam Phillips
    his mother’s birthday
heard Elvis and asked him to record “That’s All Right” in July 1954.
 Twenty thousand
______________ copies were sold. He made five more records for Sun,
                                                           manager
and in July 1955 he met Colonel Tom Parker, who became his_______ in
                                        his first film
November. In 1956 he also made ______________ in Hollywood.
                                     2/2
First Reading
Read the text and then decide whether the following statements are True or False
according to the text.

1. It is difficult to say how “rock and roll” began because it came from so
   many different countries and so many different kinds of music and
   musicians.        ( T )
2. When people talk about early rock and role, they will think of Elvis
   Presley.         ( T )
3. Within two years, Elvis Presley became a well known singer throughout
   the nation.       ( T )
4. Because his career went downhill Elvis stopped performing and
   recording.       ( F )
5. Elvis Presley showed through his music the most exciting part of rock
   and roll.         ( T )
Second Reading

                            Outline
Part I     Paras. 1-4
               The development of Rock and Roll music

Part II    Para. 5
               King of Rock and Roll - Elvis Presley


Part III   Para. 6
               Life story of Elvis Presley and his influence on American
               culture
Detailed Study of Text A
                         Rock and Roll
     It is difficult to say exactly how the music we call “rock” or “rock
and roll” began. Its roots go back to many different countries and
Many different kinds of music and musicians.
    Rock music developed mainly from the interaction of black
African And white European music. The Europeans and the African
slaves who came to America during the seventeenth century each
had Their own different kinds of music. Black Africans used heavy
drumbeats, a rough singing voice, and the calling of a melody and
answer of a chorus. The white Europeans, mostly English and
Scots, used a stronger melody, a less heavy beat, and instruments
such as guitars, horns, and fiddles. The history of rock and roll is
the history of how rock evolved from these two traditions.
                                  1/5
           Detailed Study of Text A
                                     Rock and Roll
                  It is difficult to say exactly how the music we call “rock” or “rock
            and say exactly how…
It is difficult toroll” began. Its roots go back to many different countries and
            Many different kinds of exactly how the music
    In the sentence the part “to saymusic and musicians. we call ‘rock’ or ‘rock
               Rock long, comes more naturally at the interaction of black
and roll’ began” is too musicit developed mainly fromthe end of the sentence
than at theAfrican AndIn the structure “it is adjective + to V”, the word “it” is
            beginning. white European music. The Europeans and the African
           as the who came to real subject is later the sentence.
used here slaves subject and the America during theinseventeenth century each
        Apparently it’s cheaper to fly than to go by train.
          had Their own different kinds of music. Black Africans used heavy
          drumbeats, a rough singing
        显然坐火车要比乘飞机便宜。 voice, and the calling of a melody and
           answer of a chorus. The white Europeans, mostly English and
       It’s difficult to make new friends. (= To make new friends is difficult.)
           Scots, used a stronger melody, a less heavy beat, and instruments
                                                                           Close
           such as guitars, horns, and fiddles. The history of rock and roll is
           the history of how rock evolved from these two traditions.
                                              1/5
      Detailed Study of Text A
                               Rock and Roll
           It is difficult to say exactly how the music we call “rock” or “rock
      and roll” began. Its roots go back to many different countries and
      Many different kinds of music and musicians.
           Rock back       追溯至
go back to: trace musictodeveloped mainly from the interaction of black
     有一些传统可追溯至19世纪早期。
      African And white European music. The Europeans and the African
      slaves who came to go back during the seventeenth century each
      Some of the traditions America to the early 1800s.
      This practice goes back kinds of the 1950s.
      had Their own different to at least music. Black Africans used heavy
      drumbeats, a rough singing voice, and the calling of a melody and
       这种做法至少要追溯到20世纪50年代。
      answer of a chorus. The white Europeans, mostly English and
                                                   Close
      Scots, used a stronger melody, a less heavy beat, and instruments
      such as guitars, horns, and fiddles. The history of rock and roll is
      the history of how rock evolved from these two traditions.
                                        1/5
           Detailed Study of Text A
                                    Rock and Roll
                It is difficult to say exactly how the music we call “rock” or “rock
interactionand roll” began. Its roots go back to many different countries and
            : n.
           Many different or more things affect each other
1. a process by which two kinds of music and musicians.
                Rock music developed mainly
        the interaction of carbon and hydrogen from the interaction of black
          African And white
        碳和氢之间的反应作用European music. The Europeans and the African
            slaves who came to America
2. the activity of talking to other people etc. during the seventeenth century each
            had Their own different kinds of music. Black Africans used heavy
            drumbeats, a and cell phones filter and the human interaction.
         Nowadays e-mailrough singing voice, so much calling of a melody and
         answer of a chorus. The white Europeans, mostly English and
        如今电子邮件和手机过滤了很多的人际交往。
         Scots, used a stronger melody, a less heavy beat, and instruments
                                                                 Close
           such as guitars, horns, and fiddles. The history of rock and roll is
           the history of how rock evolved from these two traditions.
                                             1/5
      Detailed Study of Text A
                                Rock and Roll
           It is difficult to say exactly how the music we call “rock” or “rock
     and roll” began. Its roots go back to many different countries and
mostly: adv. used to talk about most members of a group, most
     Many different kinds of music and musicians.
      occasions, most parts of something etc.
          Rock music developed mainly from the interaction of black
     African And Most European music. The I think.
 They’re mostly (=white of them are) teenagers,Europeans and the African
      slaves who came to America during the seventeenth century each
  The story seemed to be mostly true. (= Most of it seemed true.)
      had Their own different kinds of music. Black Africans used heavy
       drumbeats, a rough mostly voice, and the calling night.
  In the smaller villages, it’ssinging (= usually) very quiet at of a melody and
       answer of a chorus. The white Europeans, mostly English and
                                                               Close
      Scots, used a stronger melody, a less heavy beat, and instruments
      such as guitars, horns, and fiddles. The history of rock and roll is
      the history of how rock evolved from these two traditions.
                                         1/5
      Detailed Study of Text A
                               Rock and Roll
           It is difficult to say exactly how the music we call “rock” or “rock
      and roll” began. Its roots go back to many different countries and
such as: 比如,例如
      Many different kinds of music and musicians.
     It is difficult to get even basic foods such as sugar and bread.
            Rock music developed mainly from the interaction of black
     获得像糖、面包这样的食物很困难。 The Europeans and the African
      African And white European music.
     slaves who came to America during the seventeenth century each
     像吉他、喇叭、小提琴之类的乐器
     had Their own different kinds of music. Black Africans used heavy
     musical instruments such as guitars, horns, and fiddles
     drumbeats, a rough singing voice, and the calling of a melody and
                                                           Close
      answer of a chorus. The white Europeans, mostly English and
      Scots, used a stronger melody, a less heavy beat, and instruments
      such as guitars, horns, and fiddles. The history of rock and roll is
      the history of how rock evolved from these two traditions.
                                        1/5
    Detailed Study of Text A
                             Rock and Roll
         It is difficult to say exactly how the music we call “rock” or “rock
     and roll” began. Its roots go back to many different countries and
evolve: vi. to develop gradually, or to cause something or someone
     Many gradually
to develop different kinds of music and musicians.
         Rock music developed the invention the interaction
       A new industry evolved from mainly from of the television. of black
    African And white European music. The Europeans and the African
       一个新的行业从电视机的发明演变而来。
    slaves who came to America during the seventeenth century each
       一个简单的计划演变成了一个复杂的方案。
    had Their own different kinds of music. Black Africans used heavy
       The simple rough singing voice, and the scheme.
    drumbeats, a plan evolved into a complicated calling of a melody and
    answer of a chorus. The white Europeans, mostly CloseEnglish and
    Scots, used a stronger melody, a less heavy beat, and instruments
    such as guitars, horns, and fiddles. The history of rock and roll is
    the history of how rock evolved from these two traditions.
                                      1/5
     From the seventeenth to the twentieth century, musicians in the
southern United States developed two new forms of music: the blues,
usually played by blacks, and country music, played by whites. Black
musicians sang the blues accompanied by a guitar. This music was
similar to work songs: stories of troubles and pain, with lines that
were repeated several times. The words “rock and roll” probably
came from the black churches in the South, where people sang
spiritual music and danced to the strong rhythms, which they called
“rocking and reeling”. At the same time, whites were playing country
music, which was mostly traditional dancing music and slow songs
that told sad stories. The singers were accompanied by string
instruments such as fiddles and guitars.

                                 2/5
        From the seventeenth to the twentieth century, musicians in the
      musicians sang the blues accompanied forms of music: the blues,
Black southern United States developed two new by a guitar.
— While black musicians sang the blues they themselves or whites. Black
    usually played by blacks, and country music, played by
someone else played a guitar.
       musicians sang the blues accompanied by a guitar. This music was
accompany: vt.
       similar to work songs: stories of troubles and pain, with lines that
 1. to play supporting music
       were repeated several times. The words “rock and roll” probably
        这个歌手由钢琴提供伴奏。
       came from the black churches in the South, where people sang
        The singer was accompanied at the piano.
       spiritual music and danced to the strong rhythms, which they called
 2. to go with someone
       “rocking and reeling”. At the same time, whites were playing country
        She asked me to accompany her to the church.
       music, which was mostly traditional dancing music and slow songs
          她要我陪她一起去教堂。                                     Close
       that told sad stories. The singers were accompanied by string
      instruments such as fiddles and guitars.
                                       2/5
        From the seventeenth to the twentieth century, musicians in the
This music was similar to work songs... new forms of music: the blues,
     southern United States developed two
— This music played by songs had features that were the same /
     usually and work blacks, and country music, played by whites. Black
      musicians sang the blues accompanied work songs had...
   This music almost had the same features asby a guitar. This music was
be similar to: to be nearly alike; have the same features
      similar to work songs: stories of troubles and pain, with lines that
        My repeated several times.
      were opinion is similar to hers. The words “rock and roll” probably
        我的意见和她的意见相似。
      came from the black churches in the South, where people sang
      spiritual or alike; of the same the
similar: a. like music and danced tokind strong rhythms, which they called
        He doesn’t reeling”. At the same time, whites were
      “rocking and eat bread, cake and other similar foods. playing country
      他不吃面包、蛋糕和其它类似的食物。
      music, which was mostly traditional dancing music and slow songs
                                                              Close
      that told sad stories. The singers were accompanied by string
      instruments such as fiddles and guitars.
                                       2/5
       From the seventeenth to the twentieth century, musicians in the
    southern United States developed two new forms of music: the blues,
     usually played by blacks, and country music, played by whites. Black
spiritual: a. relating to deep feelings and beliefs, especially
     musicians sang the blues accompanied by a guitar. This music was
religious beliefs
    similar to work songs: stories of troubles and pain, with lines that
    The priest is responsible for your spiritual welfare.
    were repeated several times. The words “rock and roll” probably
    神父负责你的心灵福祉。
    came from the black churches in the South, where people sang
    spiritual nature     精神本质
    spiritual music and danced to the strong rhythms, which they called
    spiritual life       精神生活
    “rocking and reeling”. At the same time, whites were playing country
                                                      Close
    music, which was mostly traditional dancing music and slow songs
    that told sad stories. The singers were accompanied by string
    instruments such as fiddles and guitars.
                                     2/5
    During this time blues and country musicians had some
influence on each other, but the influence grew stronger after
phonograph records became popular in the late nineteenth century.
The birth of the electric guitar changed country and blues music in
the 1940’s. The sound of the electric guitar would become the sound
of rock and roll. No one thinks of early rock and roll without thinking
of Elvis Presley, the “King of Rock and Roll”. Elvis was an ordinary
boy. He grew up poor, learned to sing in church, and became a truck
driver when he graduated from high school.




                                 3/5
            During this time blues and country musicians had some
        influence on each other, but the influence grew stronger
During this time blues and country musicians had some influence after
on eachphonograph records became popular in the late nineteenth century.
        other.
— During thebirth of thethe seventeenthchanged countrycentury blues
       The time from electric guitar to the twentieth and blues music in
       the musicians had some the electric guitar would become the sound
and country 1940’s. The sound of effects on each other.
       of rock and roll. No one thinks of early rock and roll without thinking
have/exercise /exert an influence (on/upon /over): to have an effect on
       of Elvis Presley, the “King of Rock and Roll”. Elvis was an ordinary
       boy. He had up poor, learned to sing in
     His advice grewan influence on my choice. church, and became a truck
       driver when he graduated from high school.
     English skill may exert an influence over one’s career.
                                                                     Close




                                         3/5
          During this time blues and country musicians had some
      influence on each other, but the influence grew stronger after
     phonograph records became popular in thinking of Elvis
No one thinks of early rock and roll without the late nineteenth century.
Presley, the “King of Rock and Roll”.
     The birth of the electric guitar changed country and blues music in
— When people think of early rock and roll, guitarwill naturally think sound
      the 1940’s. The sound of the electric they would become the
of Elvis Presley, the “King of Rock and Roll”. rock and roll without thinking
      of rock and roll. No one thinks of early
     of Elvis Presley, the “King of emphasizes the fact was an ordinary
The structure “No ... without (V-ing)” Rock and Roll”. Elvisthat people
always associate early rock and roll with Elvis Presley.
     boy. He grew up poor, learned to sing in church, and became a truck
                                                                  Close
      driver when he graduated from high school.




                                       3/5
           During this time blues and country musicians had some
       influence on each other, but the influence grew stronger after
He grew up poor ... when he graduated from high school.
       phonograph records became popular in the late nineteenth century.
— He spent his childhood living a poor life…when he completed his
       The birth of the electric guitar changed country and blues music in
 education at high school.
       the 1940’s. The sound spent electric guitar would poor life”.
“He grew up poor” means “He of the his childhood living a become the sound
      of to develop from being a child to being an and 成长
grow up: rock and roll. No one thinks of early rockadult roll without thinking
     长大之后你想干什么? “King of Rock and Roll”. Elvis was an ordinary
      of Elvis Presley, the
      boy. He grew up poor, learned to sing in church, and became a truck
     What do you want to be when you grow up?
                                                               Close
       driver when he graduated from high school.




                                        3/5
   No one thought that this young man with the guitar would change
popular culture. But after he recorded two blues songs in Memphis,
everything changed. He sang throughout the South, and teenagers
went crazy over his amazing voice and his attractive performances.
His music was an exciting mixture of white country and black blues.
With his long hair and tight pants, he became a teenage idol. In two
years, he was a national phenomenon.




                                4/5
        No one thought that this young man with the guitar would change
         popular culture. But after he recorded two blues songs in Memphis,
... and teenagers went crazy over his amazing voice and his teenagers
         everything changed. He sang throughout the South, and
attractive performances. ...and teenagers were very much
        went crazy over his amazing voice and his attractive performances.
interested in his amazing voice and his attractive performances.
        His music was an exciting mixture of white country and black blues.
crazy: a. wildly excited; enthusiastic
        With his long hair and tight pants, he became a teenage idol. In two
       The kids was crazy when Michael Jackson appeared.
       years, hewent a national phenomenon.
 go: v. (used as a link verb) to be, become
       Has anything gone wrong with your car?

       He must have gone mad.
                                                                Close


                                        4/5
         No one thought that this young man with the guitar would change
       popular culture. But after he recorded two blues songs in Memphis,
His music was an exciting mixture of white country and black blues.
       everything exciting He sang throughout the South, and blues.
— His music was anchanged.combination of white country and blackteenagers
        went crazy over his amazing voice and that are different
a mixture of: a combination of two or more thingshis attractive performances.
         His music was an exciting
        这个城市新旧建筑夹杂。 mixture of white country and black blues.
         With his a mixture of tight pants, buildings.
        The city islong hair and old and new he became a teenage idol. In two
        years, he was a national phenomenon.
        我们听到这条新闻及惊讶又惊恐。
       We listened to the news with a mixture of surprise and horror.
                                                                        Close




                                         4/5
         No he thought that this young man
In two years,one was a national phenomenon.with the guitar would change
— Two years later, peopleBut over the country sang his songs, imitated
       popular culture. all after he recorded two blues songs in Memphis,
his performances, and even dressed themselves in his way.
          everything changed. He sang throughout the South, and teenagers
phenomenon: n.
          went crazy over his amazing voice and his attractive performances.
1. 异乎寻常的人、事物
          His music was an exciting mixture of white country and black blues.
      甲壳虫乐队太了不起了—— 从来没听过像他们那样的音乐。
          With his long hair and tight pants, he became a teenage idol. In two
     The Beatles were a phenomenon -- nobody had heard anything like
          years, he
     them before. was a national phenomenon.
2. 现象
     恐怖 主义不仅是近期才有的现象。
    Terrorism is not just a recent phenomenon .                    Close



                                         4/5
    Elvis’s career then went downhill. He went into the army, then
stopped performing and made a series of bad movies. He
continued to record, but his music rarely had the life of his early
songs. He remained the symbol of rock and roll, however, not only
in the United States but also around the world. He died in 1977, at
the age of 42, but his music did not die with him. Rock music
continues to develop and change, but the heart and soul of rock is
the same heart and soul that Elvis expressed.




                               5/5
           Elvis’s career then went downhill. He went into the army, then
       stopped performing and made a series of bad movies. He
       continued to record, but his music rarely had the life of his early
        career then went downhill.
Elvis’s songs. He remained the symbol of rock and roll, however, not only
         Elvis’s career became also around the
— Laterin the United States butless successful. world. He died in 1977, at
go downhill: to become less successful; get worse in social status,
       the age of 42, but his music did not die with him. Rock music
health, quality, etc.
       continues to develop and change, but the heart and soul of rock is
    After he lost his job, things went downhill.
       the same heart and soul that Elvis expressed.
    他丢掉自己的工作之后,事情变得越来越糟。                                      Close




                                       5/5
          Elvis’s career then went downhill. He went into the army, then
       stopped performing and made a series of bad movies. He
       continued to record, but his
... made a series of bad movies. music rarely had the life of his early
        songs. He remained movies.
... made a succession of badthe symbol of rock and roll, however, not only
a series of: 一系列的
        in the United States but also around the world. He died in 1977, at
         series of meetings his music / articles / lectures
      a the age of 42, but/ explosions did not die with him. Rock music
      一系列的会议、爆炸、文章、讲座
        continues to develop and change, but the heart and soul of rock is
      这条路上发生了一系列的事故。
        the same heart and soul that Elvis expressed.
      There has been a series of accidents in this street.
                                                           Close




                                       5/5
            Elvis’s career of rock and roll, however, not only army,
He remained the symbolthen went downhill. He went into the in the then
United States but also around the world.
        stopped performing and made a series of bad movies. He
— But he was still thought of as representing rock and roll, not only in
        continued to record, but his music rarely had the life of his early
the United States but also around the world.
        songs. He remained the symbol of rock and roll, however, not only
symbol: n.
        in the United States but also around the world. He died in 1977, at
1. 象征
        the age of 42, but his music did not die with him. Rock music
         鸽子是和平的象征。
        continues to symbol of peace.
        The dove is adevelop and change, but the heart and soul of rock is
     the same heart and soul that Elvis expressed.
2.标记,符号
        H2O是水的化学符号。
         H2O is the chemical symbol of water.
                                                              Close


                                        5/5
          Elvis’s career then went downhill. He went into the army, then
      stopped performing and made a series of bad movies. He
      continued to record, but his music rarely had the life of his early
      songs. He remained the symbol of rock and roll, however, not only
the heart and soul of rock is the same heart and soul that
      in the United States but also around the world. He died in 1977, at
Elvis expressed.
      the age of 42, but his music did not die with him. Rock music
 翻译:
      continues to develop and change, but the heart and soul of rock is
 摇滚乐的核心和灵魂仍然是埃尔维斯所表现的那个核心和灵魂。
      the same heart and soul that Elvis expressed.
                                                      Close




                                      5/5
Summary of Text A
    Rock and Roll developed from various kinds of music of many
countries. But it was largely the interaction of black African and
white European music during the seventeenth century that
influenced the development of Rock and Roll. From the 17th to the
20th century these two types of music shaped the music of the
world bringing about two new forms of music, the blues and country
music. Rock and Roll formed from the blues of the black and the
country music of the white in the Southern United States. It
reached its height with the birth of the electric guitar and the
appearance of Elvis Presley, who, though he died young, remains
a symbol of Rock and Roll today.



                                       Click the title to continue…
Useful Phrases and Expressions


  追溯到                             go back to

  例如,比如                           such as

  与···相似                          be similar to

  相互产生影响                          have influence on each other

  长大,成长                           grow up

  恶化,走下坡路                         go downhill

  一系列                             a series of

  在世界各地                           around the world
Exercise 9
  Decide which of the nouns may follow the verb “play” and which may
 follow the verb “perform” and then put the Chinese parts in the
 following sentences into English, using either “play” or “perform”.


   play                 perform the play                 表演戏剧

   role               perform/play the role              扮演角色

 football                 play football                   踢足球

  music                perform/play music                表演音乐

experiment            perform an experiment               做实验

  study                perform the study                  搞研究


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 service    perform the service   服务

  work       perform the work     工作

  test        perform a test      做测试

 piano        play the piano      弹钢琴

  task        perform a task      执行任务

operation   play an operation     做手术

  part          play a part       起作用

  duty       perform the duty     履行职责


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1. I merely want you to __________________________ (做一个实验).
                         perform an experiment

                           play the piano
2. If you want to learn to ____________ (弹钢琴), now is the time to start.

                                                      perform this operation
3. How experienced is the surgeon who is planning to __________________

 (做这个手术)?

                                                   perform this task
4. They thought that the manager would know how to ___________________

   (执行这个任务).

                                 perform a play
5. It is not easy to write and ______________ (上演一部戏剧), but when you

   play a role on stage you can experience the fun of it




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          plays a very important role /part
6. Sound ___________________________ (起着一个非常重要的作用) in the

   way humans communicate with each other.

                                                            play football
7. After high school, he went to Mesa Community College to _____________

   (踢足球) and was the captain of the school team.

8. I decided to ___________________(做一项研究) to see if we can answer
                  perform a study

   these questions.

                         playing /performing music
9. I think I might start _____________________ (弹奏音乐) again, considering

  my mother just gave me a violin for my birthday.

10. He was fined $250 and required to _______________________(社区服务).
                                       perform community service



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Exercise 13
The word “develop” has different meanings in different context. It may
mean:
1 to invent something or bring something into existence;
2 to start to happen or exist;
3 to develop an illness or problem, or if it develops, you start to suffer from it:
4 to build houses, factories, shops, etc. on a piece of land.


Then decide which meaning the word “develop” should mean and
translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1. Rock music developed mainly from the interaction of black African
   and white European music.
    摇滚乐主要由非洲黑人音乐和欧洲白人音乐相互交流而发展起来的。

2. The village has developed into a big city.
    这个村庄已经发展成一个大城市。

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3. They are planning to develop this area.
        他们正计划开发这个地区。

4. She has developed an interest in rock music.
        她对摇滚乐产生了兴趣。

5. The baby seems to have developed a cold.
        这婴儿看样子患感冒了。
6. Did you ever get the pictures developed?
        你冲印过这些照片了吗?

7. She’s taking a course to develop her computer skills.
       她正在参加一个课程学习,以提高自己的计算机应用能力。

8. Scientists are developing new drugs all the time.
        科学家们一直在研制新药。
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Exercise 14

 Translate the following sentences into Chinese.



 1.谈论早期的摇滚乐不想到埃尔维斯·普莱斯利是很难的 。


翻译要点: talk about               It is hard to




参考译文: It is difficult to talk about early rock and roll without
           thinking of Elvis Presley.




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2.这首歌不仅在美国,而且在全世界都流行起来了。

翻译要点:           not only…but also


参考译文: This song has become popular not only in the United
          States but also around the world.

3.这种做法的根源可追溯到18世纪。

翻译要点:                     go back to

参考译文:      The root of the practice goes back to the 18th century.




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4.他的观点和我的差不多。

翻译要点:                 be similar to

参考译文: His view is similar to mine.



5.这位教师对我依然有着强烈的影响。

翻译要点:                        have an influence on

参考译文: This teacher still has a strong influence on me.




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