Docstoc

Human Origins and Early Man

Document Sample
Human Origins and Early Man Powered By Docstoc
					Human Origins and Early Man
    Ancient man-beginnings of civilization
•   THEMES OF THE WORLD: HISTORICAL AND
    GEOGRAPHICAL

•   LOCATION: ABSOLUTE and RELATIVE
•   PLACE: area that contains physical or
    human characteristics
•   HUMAN/ENVIROMENTAL INTERACTION:
    How people respond/alter
•   MOVEMENT: Trade, Transportation,
    Exchange of ideas/culture
•   REGION: an area that is unified by some
    features or a mixture of features
             9 THEMES OF WORLD
                  HISTORY

•   COOPERATION/CONFLICT
•   REVOLUTION/REACTION
•   CHANGE:
    POLITICAL,SOCIAL,RELIGIOUS,CULTURAL,ECO
    NOMIC
•   DIVERSITY/UNIFORMITY
•   INNOVATION
•   CULTURAL DIFFUSION
•   REGIONALISM/NATIONALISM
•   MOVEMENT
•   RELATION TO THE ENVIROMENT
    The Study of ancient history
• Variety of methods
• Use of scientific clues
• Archaeologists: study of artifacts; analyze
  cultural finds/way of life
• Anthropologists; study of artifacts to study
  the culture
• Paleontologists; study of fossils/time-date
             HOMINIDS
• AUSTRALOPITHEUES; Up right walker
• East Africa; Ethiopia; Footprints
  imprinted in volcanic ash
• Dr. Leakey/Dr. Mary Leakey
• “Lucy”; Beatles-3.5 million years ago
• Opposable thumb
Ardi, a 125-piece hominid skeleton that is 1.2 million years older than the celebrated Lucy

(Australopithecus afarensis) and by far the oldest one ever found. Tim White of the University of
California, Berkeley, a co-leader of the Middle Awash research team that discovered and studied the
new fossils, says, "To understand the biology, the parts you really want are the skull and teeth, the


pelvis, the limbs and the hands and the feet. And we have all of them."
By MICHAEL D. LEMONICK AND ANDREA DORFMAN Thursday, Oct. 01, 2009 Time
              Stone Age
• Development of tools/fire/language
• Paleolithic Age; Old Stone Age 2.5 million to
  5000b.c.
• Beginnings of tools/fire/language; Homo Habilis
• Neolithic Age; New Stone Age; 8000b.c to
  3,000b.c.
• “Ice Age” Period; last one was 10,000 years ago
• Advancements of fire/tool/culture/language;
  Homo Erectus
Modern Man: Homo Sapiens
•   Neanderthal: Neander Valley-1856
•   200,000 to 30,000 years ago
•   Powerful/stout/smart
•   Culture; family? Burials? Hunting in packs
•   Cro-Mangon: 40,000 to 80,000 years ago
•   More sophisticated than Neanderthals
•   Resembled modern man
L-R NEANDERTHAL MAN   CRO-MAGNON
        IN SEARCH OF NEANDERTHAL MAN
                VIDEO REVIEW

•   Compare Neanderthal man body type to modern
    mans? How do they differ? How have scientists
    determined the body types?
•   What conclusions about the lifestyles, habits and
    behaviors can be made from the artifacts and remains
    in the Neanderthal caves? Be Specific!!!
•   Identify the conclusions the video stated, about the
    non-existence of Neanderthal man today.
•   Draw a simple Neanderthal figure; include
    tools,clothing etc.
                 KEY TO TLC NEANDERTHAL VIDEO
•   Compare Neanderthal man body type to modern mans? How
    do they differ? How have scientists determined the body
    types?
•   BIGGER, MORE DENISTY BONES; SHORTER, LARGER CORE MUSCLE
    GROUPS; BRAIN SIZE-SAME OR EVEN LARGER; BUILT FOR SURVIVAL;
    BONE INJURIES SUGGEST DIFFICULT HUNTING TRIPS, SAME INJURIES OF
    A RODEO RIDER.
•   What conclusions about the lifestyles, habits and behaviors
    can be made from the artifacts and remains in the
    Neanderthal caves?
•   EVIDENCE OF SIMPLE TOOLS; LARGE MUSCLES NEEDED TO USE;
    SPECULATION OF LITTLE OR NONE FAMILY STRUCTURE? DAY TO DAY
    FOOD PROCURING,LANGUAGE, BURIALS
•   Identify the conclusions the video stated, about the non-
    existence of Neanderthal man today.
•   A. “SURVIVAL ENCOUNTERIST”; ATE ON THE SPOT; LACK OF PLANNING
    SKILLS, LITTLE EVIDENCE OF ANY ORGANIZED FOOD PROCURING OTHER
    THAN GROUP HUNTING; Just different, which does mean bad; “Out
    competed for resources; disease?
http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/ca/books/bkf3/imaps/AC_02_047_migration/AC_02_047_migration.html



  VERY COOL WEB LINK TO THE HUMAN MIGRATION MOVEMENT
Time Period     Name                Quick Glimpse

                                    Did man live at the same time as dinosaurs? What is a hominid? What is an
                   Introduction
                                    artifact? What is a fossil?

                                    Human-like hominids
About            Australopithecus   Lucy
3 million BCE     "Southern Ape"    Basic traits of humans. Special because he could stand up. Main physical
                                    difference between early man and apes are the hands.

                                    First true humans
                   Homo Habilis
About                               Stone tools - the first tool-maker
                   "Handy Man"
2 million BCE                       Lived in Africa
                                    Taller, had a larger brain

About                               Made and controlled fire
1.5 million       Homo Erectus      The first hunters
BCE               "Upright Man"     Traveled over land bridges from Africa, to begin to populate the world, about 1
                                    million years ago

                                    Neanderthals Buried their dead with ceremony.
                  Homo Sapiens
About                               Stone-tipped spears, bone needles, bone fish hooks, sewed their clothes from
                    "Wise Man"
500,000 B.C.                        animal skins, warm boots
                  & Neanderthals


                                    Cave Paintings
About             Homo Sapiens      Cro-Magnon & "Moderns"
25,000 BCE          Sapiens &       Bow and arrows, well constructed huts with central hearths for fires; necklaces
until about        "Moderns"        & pendants, cave art, little statues made from ivory, antler, bone; tools and
10,000 BCE                          weapons for hunting and fishing, oil lamps. Used honey to sweeten food. End of
                                    the last Ice Age about 10,000 years ago.
Yabba Dabba Doo….Would Fred have
been a Old Stone Age or New Stone Age
Man?...Explain
               WHAT IS A CIVILIZATION?

•   EMERGENCE OF THE RIVER VALLEYS
•   GANGES-TIGRIS/EUPHRATES-NILE-YANGTZE
•   Which major rivers are missing? Why?
•   WHAT BASIC NEEDS DID THE RIVERS PROVIDE?

•   EARLY ECONOMIES OF RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS
•   TRADING-LABOR SPECIALIZATION…”CULTURAL DIFFUSION”
•   CITY PLANNING-LEVELS OF SOCIAL STATUS
•   WRITING SYSTEMS-WORDS/NUMBERS-RECORDS-LANGUAGE
•   SYSTEM OF VALUES; MYTHS/MORALS/ETHICS/RELIGION
               ICE MAN
• http://www.mummytombs.com/main.otzi.htm
   THE ICE MAN
                                                 OOPS! Wrong “Ice Man”

TLC: VIDEO”THE ICE MAN”                          George Gervin
                                                 NBA Hall of Famer


   •   Personal Observations
   •   Social Status:
   •   Physical Features: Describe
   •   Medical Findings from the autopsy?
   •   Questions
        – Why was he in such a high elevation?
        – How did he die?
   •   Personal Belongings
   •   Describe clothing
   •   Personal items: Medicine/amulet
   •   Tools/Weapons
   •   How was he discovered?
   •   Hikers
• Personal Observations
• Social Status
   – Medicine man/ Tribal Leader/ Holy Man/ Trader
• Physical Features
   – 5’2”/25-26 yrs. Old /5,000-5,200 yrs. Old. /Beard/Tattoos-Why?
   – Buried arrowhead in left shoulder-Why?
• Autopsy Results
   – Lungs filled with smoke
   – Last meal examined in colon: contained parasites
   – Arrowhead in left shoulder
• Questions left unanswered
   – Why in such high elevation? Found by skiers in 1991-Frozen
     mummy
• Religious pilgrimage?
• Trading mission
• Goat herder/ stealing from another herd?
   – Reasons for Death
• Caught in a fierce storm?
• Bled to death?
• Personal Belongings
• a. Clothing-Most destroyed in discovery
    – Animal skin/grass plaited cape: precise stitching
• b. Personal Items
•                1. Amulet-Spiritual use?
    – Fungi on a string-medicine?
• c. Weapons/Tools
• Bow/Arrows: six-foot long; dozen arrowheads
• Flint dagger w/wood handle
• Cooper axe; oldest known example of copper
  “smelt”
• Flint: fire tool/ charcoal
• Wheat grain-hardbread/ food
       AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
• NUMBER OF EVENTS SLOWLY LEAD TO THE A.R.

•   END OF THE “ICE AGE”
•   FERTILE SOIL; MOVED BY GLACIERS
•   DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS
•   USE OF NEW/IMPROVED TOOLS
•   DEVELOPMENT OF SEEDS/GRASSES
•   EXTENDED PLANNING/COOPERATION
•   FOOD SURPLUS
      SOCIAL/ECONOMIC CHANGES

•   COPPER AGE/BRONZE AGE
•   SPECIALIZATION OF JOBS
•   CUNEIFORM-SCRIBES-RECORDS
•   MONEY/TRADE/BARTER
•   FOOD SURPLUS
•   INSTITUTIONS CREATED/NEEDED
•   LAWS-RULES-ETHICS
                      LONG RANGE CAUSES
 END OF THE ICE AGE-AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION-NEW TECHNOLOGY



                      IMMEDIATE CAUSES
FERTILE SOIL-TRANSPORTATION-FOOD SURPLUS-POPULATION INCREASE



               DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY CIVILIZATIONS
                        RIVER VALLEYS


                     IMMEDIATE EFFECTS
GOVERNMENT-RELIGIONS-SOCIAL CLASSES-SPOKEN/WRITTEN LANGUAGE



                     LONG RANGE EFFECTS
 TRADE BETWEEN CIVILIZATIONS-CULTURAL DIFFUSION-COINED MONEY

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:13
posted:6/22/2012
language:English
pages:28