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MALAYALAM

VIEWS: 433 PAGES: 32

  • pg 1
									     CLASS XI




 SAMPLE QUESTIONS




     SUBJECT :

PART II MALAYALAM
1.   Adnhpw A\p-`q-Xnbpw   -

2.          - -    -
     tNtXm-lc°m-gvNIƒ

3.   samgn-h-g°w

4.   cwK-Ie

5.   hni-I-e\ Nn¥-Iƒ

6.   hm¿Øm-temIw
                                   bqWn‰v : 1
                         Adnhpw A\p-`q-Xnbpw
CO:        -           - -                               - -                 -
      N¿®-Ifnepw kwhm-Zßfnepw ]s¶-SpØv kzm`n-{]mbw bp‡n-klambn {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : kzm`n-{]mbw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-I.
     {Kma-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ hnip-≤n-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Nne Hm¿Ω-Iƒ CS-t»-cnbpw Fw.-Snbpw Ah-cpsS
     cN-\-I-fn-eqsS ]¶p-sh-°p-∂p-≠-t√m. {Kmao-W-amb F√mw \√-XmWv \mK-cn-I-am-b-sX√mw
     tami-amWv F∂v \nK-a-\-Øn-emtWm Cu cN-\-I-fn-eqsS \n߃ FØ-s∏-´Xv ? A`n-{]mbw
     tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-I.
       kvtIm¿ : 6 / kabw 5 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛      Xs‚ \nK-a\w tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≠v                   ˛      (1)
       ˛      Imc-W-߃ bp‡n-`-{Z-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v         ˛      (4)
       ˛      X\n-a-bp≈ \nco-£-W-߃°v                            ˛      (1)
                                  BsI                            ˛      6

CO:   hnhn[ kmln-Xy-c-N-\-I-fnse kmaq-lnI {]k-‡n-bp≈ hnj-b-߃ Is≠Øn ]T\w \S-
      Øp-∂-Xn\v.

tNmZyw : hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.
     CS-t»-cn-bpsS Ip‰n-∏pdw ]mew F∂ Ihn-X-bpsS BibtaJ-e-bp-ambn HØp-t]m-Ip∂
                             - -
]cma¿i-߃ Xmsg sImSp-Øhbn¬ GsXm-s°-bm-sW∂v Is≠Øn Ihn-Xbp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v -
hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.
  ˛ hnI-k-\-sa-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°Ww \ΩpsS BZy-{]-am-Ww.
  ˛ -{Kmaw kzm`m-hn-I-X-bp-sSbpw sshhn-[y-Øn-s‚bpw Xmh-f-am-bn-cn-°-Ww.
  ˛ IhnX kaq-l-Øns‚ {]iv\-ß-fn¬ CS-s]-tS-≠-Xn-√.
  ˛ {]IrXn a\p-jy-\p-th≠n krjvSn-°-s∏-´-Xm-Wv.
  ˛ \K-c-h¬°cWw a\p-jy-hy-h-lm-c-ßsf bm{¥n-I-am-°p-∂p.
  ˛ amen\yw IpSn-tb-dp-∂Xv {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ am{X-a√ a\p-jy-{]-Ir-X-Øn-ep-am-Wv.
                kvtIm¿ ˛ 8/kabw 15 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
        ˛       Bi-b-k-a-{KX                                ˛      (3)
        ˛       X\n-a-bp≈ \nco-£-W-߃                       ˛      (2)
        ˛       kmaq-lnI {]iv\-ß-fpsS hni-I-e\w             ˛      (2)
        ˛       Ah-X-cW coXn                                ˛      (1)
                                          BsI               ˛      8

CO:   hnhn[ kmln-Xy-c-N-\-I-fnse kmaq-lnI {]k-‡n-bp≈ hnj-b-߃ Is≠Øn ]T-\-߃
      Xøm-dm-°p-I.
tNmZyw : Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°pI
      ‘DÆn-s∏-c-b\pw ]m´nbpw hoSp-ho-Sm-¥cw \S-∂p-]mSn
      cmthsd sN√p-tºmƒ Rß-fpsS ho´p-ap-‰Øpw FØpw.’
      ‘sImbvØn\v Irjn-∏-Wn-°m-c≥ Aø-∏≥ kΩ-Xn-®p˛
      sh∂p hcn-√. Hcm-gvN-IqSn hnf-bs´ F∂v Aø-∏≥ hn[n-®m¬
      B¿°pw FXncp ]d-bm-\m-hn√’
      D{XmS®¥-bn¬ \n∂v Irjn-∏-Wn-°m-cmb Aø-∏\pw
      \oen°pw am{Xw ap≠pw XpWn-I-fpw hmßn.’
      ‘IS-hp-Im¿°pw ]‰p-]o-Sn-I-°m¿°pw A_q-_-°¿
      XpS-ßnb Ab¬°m¿°p-sams° kZy sImSp-°p∂ ]Xn-hp-≠m˛
      bncp∂p; Ahn´w Znhkw’
      s]mbvt∏mb Hcp Ime-Ønse BNm-c-ß-fn¬ {]I-S-am-Ip∂ a\p-jy-_-‘-ß-fnse \∑-I-
fmWv apI-fnse hcn-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp-∂-Xv. Ah-bn¬ hy‡-am-Ip∂ kmaq-lnI PohnX khn-ti-j-X-
Iƒ hnh-cn-°p-I.
             kvtIm¿ : 8 / kabw : 15 an\n´v / H∂-c-∏pdw

      ˛                                            - -           -
             ]g-b-Ime kmaq-lnI PohnX khn-ti-jXIƒ IrXy-ambn Xncn-®dn-™n-´p≠v (4)
      ˛      DZm-l-c-W-`m-K-߃ hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p≠v                   ˛      (4)
                                                       BsI           ˛      8

CO:   kmln-Xy-c-N-\-I-fnse {]ta-b-߃ Is≠Øn ]T\w Xøm-dm-°¬

tNmZyw : Xmc-Xayw sNøp-I.
      kqN-\-Iƒ
  ˛ {]ta-b-sØ-°mƒ Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ Bfl-k-Øbv°pw cN\m Iui-e-Øn\pw {]m[m-\y-ap≈
      Hcp kmln-Xy-im-J-bmWv bm{Xmhnh-c-Ww.
  ˛ Akm-[m-c-W-amb A\p-`-h-߃ ck-I-c-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-hm-\p≈ kma¿∞y-amWv k©m-
      c-km-ln-Xy-Im-c-\p-≠m-th-≠-Xv.
                                                     -
  ˛ k©mckmln-Xy-Øn¬ Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ Bflmw-iØn\mWvv Gsd {]m[m-\yw. bm{X sNbvX
      ÿe-ß-fp-sSbpw I≠ ImgvN-I-fp-sSbpw h¿Æ-\-Iƒ am{X-ap≈ {KŸw Hcp k©m-c-°p-dn-
      ∏p-am-{Xta BIp-∂p-≈q. Ah-tbm-sSm∏w Xs‚ A\p-`-h-ßfpw {]Xn-I-c-W-ßfpw IqSn-bp-
      ≠m-h-Ww.
                                - -             -
      apI-fn¬ tN¿Ø A`n-{]m-bßfpsS ASn-ÿm-\Øn¬ ivaim\-`q-an-Iƒ, Ib‰w ho≠pw Ib‰w
F∂o cN-\-Isf Xmc-Xayw sNøp-I.
              kvtIm¿ : 8 / kabw : 15 an\n-´v / H∂-c-∏pdw

hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃
       ˛     kqN-\-Isf cN-\-I-fp-ambn tN¿Øv hni-I-e\w sNbvXn-´p-≠v.            (4)
       ˛     Xmc-Xayw sNbvX \nK-a-\-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.                    (4)
                                               BsI                             8
CO: e`y-amb hnh-c-߃ hni-I-e\w sN-bvXp-sIm-≠p≈ D]-\ym-k-߃ Xbm-dm-°p-I.
tNmZyw : D]\ymkw Xømdm°pI
       ‘\ΩpsS ]pg-Iƒ ac-W-tØm-S-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. ]pg-bpsS acWw Hcp kwkvIm-c-
Øns‚ ac-W-Øn\p Xs∂ Imc-W-am-Ipw.’
       ]pg-Iƒ t\cn-Sp∂ {]iv\-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Xmsg \¬In-bn-´p≈ kqN-\-Iƒ hnI-kn-∏n®v Hcp
D]-\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-I. ]pg-Isf kwc-£n-°m-\p≈ am¿§-߃IqSn \n¿t±-in-°-Ww.
       kqN-\-Iƒ
       ˛     hrjvSn-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnse h\-\-io-I-cWw
       ˛     AW-s°-´p-Ifpw Pe-tk-N\ ]≤-Xn-Ifpw
       ˛     aW¬ hyh-kmbw
       ˛     `qK¿` Pe-Nq-jWw
       ˛     hnI-k-\-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ ImgvN-∏mSv
kvtIm¿ : 8 /kabw : 15 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     e`y-amb Bi-b-ßsf kmam-\y-ambn hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p≠v          (4)
       ˛                     - - -                         -   -
             DNn-X-amb DZm-lcW߃ \¬In Db¿∂ \ne-hm-cØn¬ {]Xn-Icn-®n-´p≠v (2)
       ˛     D]-\ym-k-Øns‚ LS-\, `mjm-ssien F∂nhbn¬ {i≤n®n´p≠v.         (2)
                                                  BsI                   8

CO:                              - -                                        -
      cN\-Iƒ hmbn®v kmaq-ln-Imw-ißfpsS A]-{K-Y\w \SØn Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-∂Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : Xmc-X-ay-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I
           Ccpºpw Cc-ºp-s∂m-cq¿÷hpw bphm-°ƒ X≥
           Rc-ºn-eqsS ]mfpw \qX\ ssNX-\yhpw
           ]md-sh-´m\pw ]pg-bv°-W-sI-´m\pw hnZypZv
           [mc-bm¬ ]pXp-I¿Ω-im-e-fq-´n-Sm\pw
           Iq´mb Irjn-`q-hn¬ b{¥-Øn≥ Ie-∏-bm¬
           ]q´m\pw IXn¿sImbvXp Iq´m\pw Xzcn-°th
           B alm kwcw-`-Øn≥ kwL-Km-\-Øn¬ tN¿∂p
           \ma-\p-`hn°mw ]≠n-√m-sØm-c-`n-am\w
              CuSp sh∏p-I-sf√mw t]mInepw ]pXn-sbmcp
              \mSp \Ωp-tS-Xm-Ip-a-kwJyw tXmg-∑mcpw
                                           (bp-K-]-cn-h¿Ø\w ˛ sshtem-∏n-≈n)
                   -          -    -                              -
       ]gb aqey-ßsf√mw am‰n-adn-°s∏-Sm-sa-¶nepw bm{¥nIkwkvIm-csØbpw AXn-eqsS t\Sp∂
]ptcm-K-Xnsbbpw kzmKXw sNøp∂ sshtem-∏n-≈n-bpsS a\-€n-s\bpw Ip‰n-∏pdw ]me-Ønse
CS-t»-cn-bpsS D¬I-WvT-I-sfbpw Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv kz¥w \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I.
       kvtIm¿: 8 / kabw : 15 an\n´v / Hcp]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃
       ˛      Ihn-X-bnse Bibw {Kln-®n-´p≠v                          (4)
       ˛      CS-t»-cn-bpsS ImgvN-∏m-Sp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNbvXn-´p≠v   (2)
       ˛      kz¥w \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v                  (2)
                                           BsI                      8

CO:   B\pIm-enI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfnbp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNøp-∂p.

tNmZyw : eLp {]_‘w Xøm-dm-°p-I.
      ]pXp-tem-I-Øns‚ DΩ-d-∏-Sn-bmb Ip‰n-∏pdw ]me-Øn\p apI-fn¬ Ihn \n¬°p-∂Xv A`n-am-
\-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. Cu A`n-am-\-Øn\v ASn-ÿm-\-amb Imc-W-߃ hni-I-e\w sNbvXv Hcp
eLp {]_‘w Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw : 10 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
      \mK-cn-I-X-bpsS XpS-°w, a\p-jym-[zm-\-Øns‚ al-Xzw, ]pXnb hnXm-\-ß-fn-te-bv°p≈
Db¿® XpSßn {]k-‡-amb Bi-b-߃°v                                          (5)
Ah-X-cWssien°v                                                          (1)
                                       BsI                              6

CO:   cN\-Iƒ hmbn®v kmaq-ln-Imw-i-ß-fpsS A]-{K-Y\w \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂p. B\p-Im-enI Ihn-X-
      I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNøp-∂p.


tNmZyw : kzm`n-{]mbw ÿm]n-°p-I.
        ]ps∂-√-cn-bpsS tNmdv kz]v\w I≠p-sIm≠v hb¬h-c-ºn¬ \n∂p IXn-cp-sh®p R߃
Ip´n-I-fpw a\€n¬ IW-°p-Iq-´n-bn-cp-∂p. sNº≥, Noc, Xh-f-°-Æ≥ ˛ Hmtcm hnØn-s‚bpw aq∏n-
s\-∏‰n R߃°pw Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p.
                                           (I-Æm-¥-fn-∏q-°-fpsS Imew ˛ Fw.-Sn)
              B¿°pta hg-ßmØ
              amhp-Iƒ C—-bvs°mØp
              imJ-Iƒ Ipe-®-h¿
              thcp-Iƒ ]S¿Øn-tbm¿
              NIn-tcy≥, Nt°≥, ap´n-°p-Sn-tb≥
              aqhm-≠≥, tXs\m-en-tb≥ F∂n-ßs\
              ]g-©≥ t]cm¿∂-h¿
                                           (amº-g-°mew ˛ ]n.-]n. cma-N-{µ≥)
        ‘aebm-fn-bpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ \n∂v \mS≥ s\√n-\-ßfpw Irjnbpw \m´p-am-hp-I-fp-sams°
              -                                                         - -
am™p-t]m-hp-Ibm-W.v CtXm-sSm∏w ]pXnb ImesØ Ip´n-Iƒ°v ]e A\p-`hßfpw \jvSam-hp-∂p.’-
cN\m-`m-K-ßfpw {]kvXm-h-\bpw hni-I-e\w sNbvXv \nß-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-߃ ÿm]n-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw : 10 an\n´v / Hcp ]pdw
hen-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
-       ˛     \¬In-bn-cn-°p∂ cN\m`mK-ß-fp-sSbpw {]kvXm-h-\-bp-sSbpw kmam-\ym-ibw
              {Kln-®n-´p≠v                                                   (3)
        ˛     ka-Im-en-Im-\p-`-h-ß-fp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p≠v      (3)
                                                  BsI                        6

CO:   B[p\nI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXv ]T-\-߃
      Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
             ‘IÆoc-Wn™p Ip{Km-a-e£van t\m°n-bn-cn-°th
             tIh©n tIdn-t∏m-tbm-W-∏q-\n-em-hWn cmhp-Iƒ’
       ]n. Ip™n-cm-a≥ \mb-cpsS Cu hcn-Iƒ {]kn-≤-am-W-t√m. Ip‰n-∏pdw ]mew, IÆm-¥-fn-∏q-
°-fpsS Imew F∂o ]mT-`m-K-ß-fnse kam\amb Bib kqN-\-I-fpsS ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ ]n.
bpsS hcn-Iƒ°v Hcp eLp ]T-\-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw : 10 an\n´v/Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛                       -         - -
             kam-\-amb Bi-b߃ ]mT-`m-Kßfn¬ \n∂v Is≠Øn _‘n-∏n-®n-´p≠v (4)
       ˛     X\n-a-bp≈ \nco-£-W-߃ D≠v                                       (2)
                                             BsI                             6
CO:    hnhn[ kmln-Xy-c-N-\-I-fnse kmaq-lnI {]k-‡n-bp≈ hnj-b-߃ Is≠Øn ]T\w
       Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn\v
tNmZyw : {]`m-jWw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
              HmW°m-eØv F¬.Pn                      HmWØn-\mbn Xan-gv\m-´n¬
              {]Xo-£n-°p∂ hn‰p-h-chv               \m´n¬ tXmhmfbn¬
              Adp-]Xp tImSn                        ]q°-fp-W-cp∂p

       ]{X-hm¿Ø-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ‘aebm-fn-bp-sS-X-√m-Xm-hp∂ HmWw’ F∂ hnj-b-Øn¬
Hcp {]`m-jWw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / ka-bw. 10 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     hm¿ØmkqN-\-I-fpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ kmam-\y-ambn
             Bi-b-hn-i-I-e\w \S-Øn-bn-´p≠v                                (3)
       ˛     \nco-£-W-ß-ƒ°v X\nabp≠v                                      (2)
       ˛     {]`m-j-W-Øns‚ LS\bp≠v                                        (1)
                                                          BsI             6

CO:    cN\-Iƒ hmbn®v kmaq-ln-Imw-i-ß-fpsS A]-{K-Y\w \SØn Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       IhnX hyXykvX coXn-bn-emWv hmb-\-°m-cn¬ {]Xn-I-c-W-ap-f-hm-°p-∂-Xv. kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-
bpsS "t\mhn-°t√' F∂ IhnX, at\mPv F∂ sIm®p Ip´n°v Bg-Øn-ep≈ sshIm-cn-Im-\-`-h-am-
Im-\p≈ khn-ti-j-amb kml-Ncyw Is≠Øn Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     "t\mhn-°t√' F∂ cN-\-bpsS kmam-\ym-ibw Dƒs°m-≈n-®n-´p≠v            (4)
       ˛     at\m-Pns‚ khn-tij Pohn-X-km-l-NcyØn¬ Cu Ihn-Xbv°v ssIh-cp-∂
             A¿∞-hym]vXn Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.                                      (2)
                                                 BsI                           6

CO:                   -                           -        - -
       ssZ\wZn\ Pohn-Xhp-ambn _‘-s∏´ `mjm hyh-lm-camb At]-£Ifn¬ sshZKv≤yw t\Sp-I.

tNmZyw : At]£ Xøm-dm-°p-I.
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                                       KOZHIKODU - 5
       Cu ]c-kysØ ASn-ÿm-\-am°n Hcp At]£ ae-bm-f-Øn¬ Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿ : 6 / A-c-∏p-dw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     cq]-L-S\bv°v                                                       (2)
       ˛     At]-£-bpsS ka-{K-X, IrXy-X, kw£n-]vXX XpS-ßn-bh bv°v (4)
                                     BsI                                        6
                                    bqWn‰v : 2
                         tNtXm-l-c-°m-gvN-Iƒ
CO:   IrXn-Iƒ Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : Xmc-Xay°pdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
             AXn¿ØnI-fn¬ hnizkn-°p-∂-h-tcmSv
             Dd-h-I-fpw \£-{X-ßfpw kwkm-cn-°p-I-bn-√.
             F\n°v AXn¿Øn-I-fn¬ hnizm-k-an-√.
             a¨X-cn-Iƒ°-dnbptam
             Ah¿ InS-°p-∂Xv GXp \m´n-em-sW∂v ?
             B∏nƒ ac-ß-fpsS thcp-Iƒ
             a\p-jy-cp-≠m-°nb aXn-ep-Iƒ°n-S-bn-eqsS
             At\ym\yw ssItIm¿°p-∂p.
             Im‰pw Pehpw thcp-Ifpw
             aXn-ep-Iƒs°-Xnsc {]h¿Øn-°p∂p
             Infn-Iƒ Iq¿Ø Nnd-Ip-Iƒ sIm≠v
             AXn-cp-Iƒ apdn®p If-bp-∂p.
             `q]-S-Ønse hc-Iƒ Hcp Icn-bn-e-sb-t∏mepw
             XSpØp \n¿Øp-∂n-√.
             \ap°p ]pg-I-fm-hp-I.
                           (em¬sZZv AXn¿Øn-Iƒs°-Xnsc kwkm-cn-°p∂p ˛ k®n-Zm-\-µ≥)
       ‘hoSpIƒ’ F∂ Ihn-X-bn-eqsS H.-F≥.-hn. apt∂m-´p-sh-bv°p∂ hnim-e-am-\-hnI Z¿i-\sØ,
k®n-Zm-\-µs‚ Cu Ihn-X-bpsS Bi-b-X-e-hp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv Hcp Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 8/ kabw : 15 an\n´v / Hcp ]pdw

hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
-      ˛    Ihn-X-I-fnse Bibw {Kln-®n-´p≠v                              (2)
       ˛    c≠p Ihn-X-I-fn-sebpw Z¿i-\-ß-ƒ Xmc-Xayw sNbvXn´p≠v          (3)
       ˛    Ah-X-c-W-ssien                                              (1)
                                      BsI                               6

CO:   cN\Iƒ hmbn®v kmaq-ln-Imw-i-ß-fpsS A]-{K-Y\w \SØn Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : {]Xn-I-cW°pdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       ‘]Ib‰ t\m´hpw ]Xn-c‰ samgn-Ifpw ]cp-j-Xsb kpkv\n-≤-am-°nSpw kv]¿ihpw A]-
cs‚ Zml-Øn-s\-t‚-Xn-t\-°m-fp-a-[n-Iamw Icp-Xepw Icp-Wbpw’ ˛ Ihn km£m-XvI-cn-°m≥ sImXn-
°p∂ temI-Øns‚ aqey-ß-fm-Wn-h. CØ-c-samcp temIw IhnI¬]\ am{X-amtWm? CXn-\p≈
{]Xn-_-‘-ßsf¥mWv? Hcp \h-temI krjvSn°p \nß-fpsS Nn¥-Iƒ IqSn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂
{]Xn-I-c-W-°p-dn∏v Fgp-Xp-I.
kvtIm¿: 8 /~kabw : 10 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛    Bibw {Kln-®n-´p≠v                                          (2)
       ˛                                        - - -             -
            ]pXnb temI-Ønse ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ hnth-N\ßsf-°p-dn®v [mc-Wbp≠v (4)
       ˛    kz¥w \nK-a-\-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v                         (2)
                                            BsI                        8

CO:   sNdpIY-Ifpw t\mh-ep-Ifpw hmbn®v `mjm-]-c-amb khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ, BJym-\-]-c-amb
      {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ F∂nh Is≠Øn {]_-‘-߃ Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
         ‘ss{Uhdpw At∏mƒ B hgn h∂ Hcp XSn-b\pw IqSn Abmsf Hcp sSen-t^m¨ t]mÃn-
t\mSv tN¿Øv sI´n. _l-fw-tI´v Bscm-s°tbm HmSn-b-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ Abmƒ Xs‚ henb hmb
Ah¿°p-t\sc Xpd-∂p-]n-Sn-®p. AXn¬ Cutcgp ]Xn-\mep temI-ß-fp-s≠∂ Imcyw Abmƒ-°p-
d-∏m-bn-cp∂p’ ˛             (ambm-a-b≥ ˛ F≥. {]`m-I-c≥)
         "ambm-a-b≥' F∂ IYm-io¿j-Ihpw apI-fn¬ sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ IYm-k-µ¿`-Øns‚ kq£va
]mcm-b-Whpw \¬Ip∂ A¿∞-kq-N-\-Iƒ hni-Zo-I-cn®v Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏v Fgp-Xp-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
         ˛       io¿j-I-Øns‚ HuNnXyw hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p≠v           (2)
         ˛       A¿∞-kq-N-\-Iƒ hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v.             (4)
                            BsI                                  6

CO:                                                   - -                     -
      Ihn-X-I-fpsS Xmf-`wKn [z\n XpS-ßnbh Is≠Øn Bkzm-Z\°p-dn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-∂Xn-\.v

tNmZyw : Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
             kv\nKv≤m-∂-tam-a-\n-®p≈
             Km{X-Øn¬ \rØ-am-Snlm!
             ]´-S-®m-º-em¬, ®n{Xw
             ]mtS am®p-I-f-™Xpw
        Cu hcn-Iƒ°v `uXnI Pohn-X-Øn¬ \iz-c-X-bpsS A\p-`hw ]I-cm≥ Ign-bp-∂pt≠m? ˛
kzm`n-{]mbw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-I.
kvtIm¿ : 6 / Ac-∏pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
-       ˛    Bibw hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p≠v               (4)
        ˛    kz¥w \nco-£-W-߃                     (2)
                     BsI                          6
CO: sNdp-I-Y-I-fnse BJym-\-]-c-amb {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ Is≠Øn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : \nco-£-W-߃ Ipdn-°p-I.
      tImhn-e≥ ]p\-Øn¬ Ip™-_vZp-≈-bpsS kvamc-I-in-e-Iƒ°v Fgp-Xnb Bkzm-Z-\-]-T-\-
Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≈ c≠p {it≤bamb \nco-£-W-߃ Ipdn-°p-I.
      amXrI : Pohn-X-I-Y-Iƒ sI´p-I-Y-I-fmbn cq]m-¥-c-s∏-Sp-∂p.
kvtIm¿: 4
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃
       -˛    c≠p \nco-£-W-߃ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.                               (4)
CO: Ihn-XIfpsS Xmf-`w-Kn, [z\n XpS-ßn-bh Is≠Øn Bkzm-Z\°p-dn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-∂Xn-\.v
           - -                                       - -                      -

tNmZyw : hni-I-e\w sNøp-I.
              ‘AI-t°m-hn-en-ep-t≈mcp
              hnf-°n≥ {]Xn-_nw-_-ambv
              A\-ßmsX Xncn-Øp-º˛
              Øncn°pw k¿∆-km-£n-Xm≥’
       "Zo]w, kqcy≥, Bflmhv Chsb ]c-kv]cw _‘n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS ‘Zo]w’ F∂ Ihn-
Xbv°v khn-ti-j-amb Hcp `mh-Xew ssIh-∂n-´p-≠v.'
       ˛           -                           -         -
              Ihn-Xbp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v Cu {]kvXm-h\sb hni-Ie\w sNbvXv Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃
-      ˛      {]kvXm-h-\-bnse Bibw Dƒs°m-≠n-´p≠v ˛                     (2)
       ˛      Ihn-X-bp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v hni-I-e\w sNbvXn-´p≠v             (4)
                                   BsI                                 6

CO:   IhnX-I-fpsS cN-\m-]-c-amb khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : hni-I-e\ Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       kmaq-lnI-{]-iv\-ß-fpsS Xo{h-amb Bhn-jv°mcw am{X-a√ Ihn-X. a\p-jys‚ B¥-cnI
Pohn-Xm-t\z-j-W-ßfpw A\p-`-h-ß-fpsS kuµ-cym-flI Bhn-jv°m-c-ßfpw al-Xz-am¿∂ Ihn-X-
Iƒ°v Imc-W-am-Im-dp-≠v.
       ‘Zo]w’ F∂ Ihn-Xsb GXp KW-Øn-emWv Dƒs∏-Sp-Øp-I ? \nß-fpsS \nco-£-W-Øn\v
ASn-ÿm-\-amb hkvXp-X-Isf hni-Z-am°n Hcp Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an\n´v /Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
              ˛      DNn-X-amb KW-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≠v              (1)
              ˛      Bi-b-hp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v hni-I-e\w sNbvXn-´p≠v      (3)
              ˛      bp‡n-`-{Z-ambn ka¿∞n-®n-´p≠v                     (2)
                                   BsI                                6

CO:   cN-\-Iƒ hmbn®v kmaq-ln-Imw-i-ßfpsS A]-{K-Y\w \SØn Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : A]-{K-Yn®v Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       "Fw.-]n. \mcm-b-W-]n-≈-bpsS ‘I≈≥’ F∂ IY-bnse tI{µ-I-Ym-]m-{X-Øns‚ Pohn-X-
tØm-Sp≈ ImgvN-∏m-Sns\ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv Abm-fpsS A\p-`-h-ß-fm-Wv.' I≈s‚ {]hr-Øn-Iƒ
CØ-c-Øn¬ Bbn-Øo-cm-\n-S-bm-°nb kw`-h-߃ IY-bn¬ \n∂pw FSp-Øp-Im´n Cu A`n-{]m-
bsØ hne-bn-cp-Øp-I.
kvtIm¿ : 6 / k-abw: 10 an\n´v /Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
               ˛     {]kvXm-h-\-bnse Bibw Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p≠v                   (2)
               ˛     temI-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Abm-fpsS ImgvN-∏mSv Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v (2)
               ˛     AXn\v Bkv]-Z-amb Xn‡m-\p-`-h-߃ kqNn-∏n-®n-´p≠v          (2)
                                        BsI                                   6
CO:   B[p-\nI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXv ]T-\-߃
      Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       hy‡n-bn¬ \n∂m-cw-`n®v kaq-l-Øn-eqsS hf¿∂v temI-Øns‚ hnim-e-X-tbmfw hym]n-
°p∂ am\-hnI t_m[-amWv "hoSp-Iƒ' F∂ Ihn-X-bn¬ Bhn-jv°-cn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
       Cu \nco-£-W-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ "hoSp-Iƒ' F∂ Ihn-Xbv°v Hcp Bkzm-Z-\-°p-
dn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 8 / kabw: 15 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       -˛    hy‡n, kaq-lw, temIw F∂n-ßs\ hoSp-I-fnse hniz-am-\-h-t_m-[-Øn-tebv°v
             FØn-t®¿∂ L´-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v                      (6)
       ˛     DNn-X-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v                          (2)
                                   BsI                              8
                                   bqWn‰v : 3

                                samgn-h-g°w
CO:   {]mNo\ ae-bmf Ihn-X-I-fnse `mjm-co-Xn, Xmf-hy-hÿ F∂nh Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       ‘`mjbpsS a¿Ωw sXmSp∂ {]tbm-K-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw NSp-e-amb Xmf{I-a-Øn-eq-sSbpw bp≤-
h¿Æ-\-Isf ZrIvkm£n hnh-c-W-am°n am‰m≥ Fgp-Ø-—\v km[n-°p∂p’- NphsS sImSp-Øn-´p≈
Imhy`m-K-ßsf Bkv]-Z-am°n Hcp Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
           ‘sI´nbpw Im¬ssI ]c-kv]cw XmU\w
           X´nbpw ap´p-sIm≠pw Xe Xß-fn¬
           sIm´n-bp-ta‰w ]nSn®pw ISn-®p-a˛
           ßq‰-Øn¬ hoWpw ]pc-≠p-ap-cp-≠p-apƒ˛
           ®o‰w Ie¿∂p \Jw sIm≠p am¥nbpw
           NmSn-∏-Xn-°bpw IqsS-°p-Xn-°bpw
           amSn-Ø-Sp-°bpw IqsS-s°m-Sp-°bpw
           HmSn-°-gn-°bpw hmSn hnb¿°bpw
           amSn hnfn-°bpw tIm]n-®-Sp-°bpw
           DusS hnb¿°bpw \mUn-Iƒ No¿°-bpw...
                                            (_m-en-h[w ˛ A[ym-fl-cm-am-b-Ww)
           Nfn∏p ssIhn-´-ß-SpØp ssIhm-fm¬
           s]mfn®p amdnSw \J-ß-sf-s°m≠pw
           s]mSp-s]msSs∏mSn-®p-S-\p-S-\p-S≥
           NpSp-Np-sS-Øn-f-®-cp-hn-bm¿ t]mse
           XpSp-XpsS hcpw cp[nc]qcsØ
           IpSp-IpsS°pSn-®-e-dn-®m-Snbpw
                                            ({io alm-`m-c-Xw)
*cp[ncw ˛ c‡w
kvtIm¿: 8 / kabw : 10 an\n´v /Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛      Imhy-`m-K-ß-fnse `mjm khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ, Xmfw F∂nh Is≠-Øp∂p (4)
       ˛      kµ¿`-hp-ambn CW°n Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂p                              (4)
                                                   BsI                       8

CO:   `mjm-t`Z hn⁄m-\o-b-Øns‚ {]mY-an-I-X-e-߃ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : ]Z-߃ Is≠-Øp-I.
      h¿§-]-chpw PmXo-b-hp-ambn {]I-S-amb Db¿®-Xm-gvN-Iƒ \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ Hcp kmaq-lnI
hyh-ÿ-bn¬ \ne-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ `mjm-{]-tbmK coXn-bmWv BNm-c-`m-j. h¿§-]-c-amtbm PmXo-
b-amtbm hyXykvX Xe-ß-fn-ep-≈-h¿ XΩn¬ kwkm-cn-°p-tºmƒ BNm-c-`mj \n¿_-‘-am-bn-
Øs∂ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p.
DZm: Xncp-ta\n:    Db¿∂ PmXn F∂p I¬]n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂-h-sctbm {]`p-°-∑m-sc-tbm, PmXob-
                                    -     -
                   ambn Xmgv∂ Ah-ÿbn-ep-≈h¿ kwt_m-[\ sNøp-hm≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ ]Zw.
Ip∏amSw:           ASn-bm-∑m¿ Xºp-cms‚ ap∂n¬ Xß-fpsS hoSns\ Ipdn-°m≥ D]-tbm-Kn-
                   °p∂ ]Zw.
      CØ-c-Øn¬ BNm-c-`m-j-bmbn D]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´n-cp∂ c≠p ]Z-߃ FgpXn Ah-bpsS
{]tbmKkµ¿`w hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 4 / kabw : 5 an\n´v

hn-ebn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       -    ˛     c≠v BNm-c-`m-jm-]-Z-߃ Fgp-Xp∂p                             (2)
            ˛     {]tbm-K-k-µ¿`w hni-Zo-I-cn-°p∂p                             (2)
                        BsI                                                   4

CO: hmIy-L-S-\bp-ambn _‘-s∏´v `mjm-am-Xr-I-Iƒ A]-{K-Yn®v Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
tNmZyw : ]´n-I-s∏-Sp-Øp-I.
       ae-bmfw ¢m€n¬ Xøm-dm-°nb {]mtZ-inI `mjm se-Ivkn-°≥ {]Im-i\w sNbvXp-sIm≠v
{]n≥kn-∏¬ \n¿∆ln® {]kw-K-Øns‚ {]k-‡-`m-K-amWv Xmsg tN¿°p-∂-Xv. {]kvXpX {]kw-K-
Øn¬ At±lw D]-tbm-Kn® c≠v A\p-{]-tbm-K-ßfpw Ah \¬Ip∂ khn-ti-jm¿∞-ßfpw Hcp
]´n-I-bmbn Xøm-dm-°p-I.
      ‘{]mtZin-I-`m-j-Iƒ \ΩpsS kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ hne-s∏´ Xncp-ti-jn-∏p-I-fm-Wv. ]gb Ime-
Øns‚ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m-cp-∂-tXm-sSm∏w Ign-™p-t]mb kaq-l-ß-fpsS \∑-Ifpw Cu
`mjm-t`-Z-߃ \ap°v ]I¿∂p Xcp-∂p-≠v. ImcWw `mj Ft∏mgpw \ΩpsS kwkvIm-c-sØ-°p-
dn®v \Ω-sf-Øs∂ Hm¿Ωn-∏n®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Rm≥ Zo¿Ln-∏n-°p-∂n-√. \ΩpsS kvIqfnse
H∂mw h¿j ae-bmfw hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ Gs‰-SpØ A`n-\-µ-\m¿l-amb Cu kmwkvIm-cn-I-Zu-Xyw,
Cu {]mtZ-inI `mjm seIvkn-°≥, Rm≥ \nß-fp-sS-sb√mw A\p-hm-Z-tØm-Sp-IqSn {]Im-i\w
sNbvXp-sIm-≈p-∂p.’

                   A\p-{]-tbmKw                     khn-ti-jm¿∞w
       \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m-cp∂p                             XpS¿®, ]Xnhv
       ˛˛-˛-˛˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛-˛-˛-˛˛   ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛
       ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛-˛˛     ˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛˛˛-˛-˛-˛-˛˛

kvtIm¿: 4 / kabw: 5 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       -˛    A\p-{]-tbm-K-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ [mcW                    (4)

CO: kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-I-fnse hmsam-gn-bpsS i‡n Xncn-®-dn™v Ahsb ASn-ÿm-\-am°n Ipdn∏v
Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : eLp D]-\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       ‘Hcp IYm-]m-{X-Øns‚ hy‡nXzw {]Im-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ B IYm-]m{Xw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂
hmsam-gnbv°v Gsd {]m[m-\y-ap-≠v.’ ‘Hg°v Is™¿≈w’ (B-em-lbpsS s]¨a-°ƒ) F∂ t\mh¬
                                                       -
`mK-Øp≈ ‘adn-t©-SvØn’, ‘‚p∏q-∏m-s°m-cm-t\-≠m¿∂v’ F∂ t\mh-ense Ip™p-]m-ØpΩ F∂o
           -                                      -
IYm-]m-{X-ßfpsS hmsam-gnsbbpw hy‡n-Xz-sØbpw hni-Ie\w sNbvXv apI-fn¬ sImSpØ {]kvXm-
h\ km[p-hmtWm F∂p ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 /kabw : 10 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
             ˛     hmsam-gn-tbbpw ]m{X-hy-‡n-Xz-tØbpw _‘-s∏-Sp-Øp∂Xn\v      (3)
             ˛     \nco-£-W-ß-fnse auen-IXbv°v                              (1)
             ˛     bp‡n-`-{Z-amb ka¿∞\Øn\v                                  (2)
                                              BsI                           6

CO:   hnhn[ Ime-L-´ßfnse Imhy-`m-j-bpsS khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ Is≠Øn {]_‘w Xøm-dm-
      °p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : A\y-`m-jm-]-Z-߃ Is≠-Øp-I.
        tambn≥Ip´n sshZy-cpsS cN-\-Iƒ Ad-_n-a-e-bm-f-Ønse an{i-`m-jbv°v \√ DZm-l-c-W-
am-Wv. ˛ Fw.-F≥. Imc-t»-cn.
        _Z-dp¬ ap\o¿ lpkv\p¬P-am-ense Imhy-`mj Cu hmZ-Øn\v sXfn-hm-Wv. Ad-_n, Xan-gv,
                              -
ae-bmfw ]Z-߃ XΩn¬ Xncn-®dn-bm-\m-hmØ hn[w CSIe¿Øn, Cu Imhy-Øn¬ {]tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≠.v
        DZm: XJvØn¬ ˛ XJvØv (A-d-_n) +îC¬ (a-e-bm-fw) anI-s¥, AWn¥ (X-an-gv)
                                          -
        Xmsg sImSpØ Imhy-`m-KØv {]tbm-Kn-°s∏-´n-cn-°p∂ \mev A\y-`mjm ]Z-߃ Xnc-s™-
Sp-sØ-gp-Xp-I.
            ‘]hn-g-s∏m≥ Np≠mse ]p©n-cnØpw
            ]p©n-cn-Ø∂ \S-®m-b-en¬
            ]qam-\-tØhn hchp X∂n¬
            X©-߃ Pn∂pw a\p-h¿ I≠m¬
            X≥ t]mXw hn´p aZ-s∏-Spta
            ]©-h¿Æ-°nfn cmP-]p-amƒ
            ]ncniw _Zp¬ ap\o-sd-s°m≈m
            s\©-°-S-en¬ Xnf® lp∫v
            t\iw ]ncn-bm-Xn-cn°pw \mfn¬
            \ma-°-cp-Ø≥ _Z-dp¬ ap\o¿
            \mfpIw HsØ ]pcp-j-cnss√’

kvtIm¿: 2/ kabw: 5 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
            -˛     A\y-`mjm ]Z-߃ Is≠-Øp∂Xn\v                    (2)

CO:                  -                            -                 -
      kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-Ifnse hmsam-gn-bpsS i‡n Xncn-®dn™v Ahsb ASn-ÿm-\am°n Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ
      Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : D]-\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
      ‘t]m´-®m, ΩsS IvSmß-ft√?’
      ‘ΩsS IvSmß-tfbv! F‚y-ßm-\zm-bn-cvs∂-ßn... ImWm-cp∂p!’
      ]√p-I-Sn®v tZjyw HXp°n Zm\n-b-e-®≥ tImf\n-°msc D]-tZ-in-°pw.
      ‘Cß-\y≠m IvSmßsf hfvØvm ? Np´ s]S s]S®v hf-Øn-t°m-t´m. As√ßn Ch-s\ms°
\ns∂ hn‰v Imiv amdpw. Xteev tIdncv∂v´v sNhn Xn∂W P¥v°-fm. kq£n-®m.’
        apXn¿∂-h¿ AXv kΩ-Xn-®p-sIm-Sp-°pw. ‘A¥n samf-bm≥ Iq´nevbv°v FØm-≠n-cn-bv°n-
√√m ˛ As∏m ]nSn®v s]m´n-t®m-fmw.’
        A®≥ apt∂m´p \S-∂m¬ tImf-\n-bpsS at‰-Øe hsc Ipep-ßp∂ coXn-bn¬ Ip´n-Iƒ
Bth-i-tØmsS hnfn-°pw.
        ‘t\¿® I´ It≈m!’
        ]ns∂ Zm\n-tb-e-®\v \nb-{¥-W-an-√.
        ‘ssZcy-≠ßn s]md-Øbv°v hmSm Ip´n-∏n-im-iv°-tf... \c-I-hm-tdm-X-\≥amtc!’ A®≥ sh√p-
hn-fn-°pw.
                                     (H-X∏v ˛ kmdm tPmk-^v)
        ‘Ft¥cm ?’
        ‘adn-t©SvØn h√Xpw It≠zm ?’
        ‘Ceym....’
        ‘tamfv h√Xpw It≠zm ?’
B\n t]Sn®v AΩm-asb apdpsI ]nSn-®p.
        ‘sX≠\vWv adn-t©-SvtØy...!’ tIm®mØn hnd-bv°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AΩma Ac-bv°-emºv
Ahs‚ Iøn¬ \n∂v ]nSn-®p-hm-ßn. AXpw s]m°n-∏n-Sn®v AΩma Dds° tNmZn-®p.
‘GXv sX≠\v≠m AhsS? Zbn-cy-≠ßy hmSm... CXv tIm°m-©d adn-bWv! Fs‚ IvSmhns\
t]Sn-∏n-®m-ev≠-√m... \ns∂ Rm≥ FØn-bv°-t≠m-SØm FØn-°pw.’
                        (H-g°v Is™¿≈w ˛ Bem-l-bpsS s]¨a-°ƒ ˛ kmdm-tPm-k-^v)
        ‘\m´p-sam-gn-bpsS Xmf-ku-µcyw IqSn Dƒt®¿Ø hmsam-gn-bpsS ka¿∞-amb {]tbm-KØm¬,
                                                                                  -
Hcp \mSpw P\-Xbpw Ah-cpsS thcp-I-tfm-sS-Øs∂ kmdm-tPm-k-^ns‚ t\mh-ep-I-fn-tebv°v B\-
bn-°-s∏-Sp∂p’ ˛ apI-fn¬ sImSpØ t\mh¬`m-K-߃ ]cn-tim-[n®v Cu {]kvXm-h-\sb hne-bn-
cpØn Hcp D]-\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
        kqN-\-Iƒ:
        ˛      hmsamgn `mj-bpsS HuNnXyw
        ˛      IYm-]m-{X-ß-fpsS `mjbpw Ah-cpsS hnIm-c-ß-fpsS Bhn-jv°m-c-hpw.
        ˛      kmaq-lnI Pohn-Xbpw hmsam-gn-`m-jbpw
        ˛      hmsam-gn-bpsS Xmfw
kvtIm¿: 8/ kabw : 10 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
        -˛     kmln-Xy-Øn¬ hmsam-gn-bpsS ÿm\w kqN-\-I-fp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v hni-I-e\w
               sNøp∂p                                  (5)
        ˛      kz¥w \nco-£-W-߃ ka¿∞n-°p∂p             (2)
        ˛      cN-\m-ssien                             (1)
                        BsI                            8

CO:   D≈-S-°-Øns‚ khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ°-\p-k-cn®v kmln-Xy-`m-j-bn¬ {]I-S-am-hp∂ sshhn[yw
      Is≠Øn Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
tNmZyw : Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
          ]√p-I-Sn-®-e-dn-s°m≠p _menbpw
          \n√p \ns√-∂-W-t™mcp t\cw XZm
          apjvSn-Iƒ sIm≠p XmUn-®nXp _mensb
          cpjvS\mw _men kp{Ko-h-s\bpw XYm
           apjvSn Npcp´n {]l-cn-®n-cn-°th
           sI´nbpw Im¬ssI ]c-kv]cw XmU\w
           X´nbpw ap´p-sIm≠pw Xe Xß-fn¬
           sIm´n-bp-ta‰w ]nSn®pw ISn-®p-a˛
           ßq‰-Øn¬ hoWpw ]pc-≠p-ap-cp-≠p-apƒ˛
           ®o‰w Ie¿∂p \Jw sIm≠p am¥nbpw
                                           (_men h[w ˛ Fgp-Ø-—≥)
* (_men ˛ kp{Ko-h-bp-≤w)
           Nm¿®bpw tN¿®bpw ssIs°m-s≠m-tc-SØp
           hmb IpXq-le kvt\l-_-‘-sØmSpw
           IqSp-sam-cn-Øncn t\c-a-h-c-h˛
           coSn\ I¿Ω-K-Xn-s°mØ hÆta
           Hmtcmtcm \mfn-tem-tcmtcm hgntb t]mbv
           thdm-a-Xn-s\¥p ImcWw tIgp-hm≥
           aqØp-]-gpØp sImgn™pt]mIpw Nne ^e˛
           tam¿ØoSp ]qhn¬ sImgn™p t]mIpw Nne:
           ]{X-ßfpw ]gp-Øm¬ sImgnbpw Nne
           ]p∞o-]tX! Xfncpw sImgnbpw Nne
           \o¿t∏mf t]mse ico-c-ß-fn-ßs\
           hmbvt]mSp ImWmw ad-bp-ap-S-\-h.
                                           (kv{Xo-]¿∆w ˛ Fgp-Ø-—≥)
       *(Ipcp-t£{X bp≤w Ign™v ]p{X-Zpx-J-Øm-ep-g-ep∂ [rX-cm-jv{Ssc hnZp-c¿ km¥z-\n-∏n-
°p∂ kµ¿`w)
       ‘`mhØn-\-\p-kr-X-ambn `mjsb ]cp-h-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂Xv GsXmcp Fgp-Øp-Im-c-s‚bpw
ap∂n-ep≈ sh√p-hn-fn-I-fn-sem-∂m-Wv. ta¬sIm-SpØ Imhy-`m-h-߃ ]cn-tim-[n®v Fgp-Ø-—≥ ˛
Cu sh√p-hn-fnsb Fßs\ adn-I-S-∂p-sh∂v hne-bn-cpØn Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 8/ kabw : 15 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛       Ihn-X-I-fnse `mhw Dƒs°m-≈p∂p             (3)
       ˛       `mjbpw `mhhpw Xmc-Xayw sNøp∂p            (3)
       ˛       Ah-X-c-W-coXn/cN-\m-ssien                (2)
                             BsI                        8

CO:   kmln-Xy-Ønse hmsam-gn-bp-sS i‡n Xncn-®-dn™v Ahsb ASn-ÿm-\-am°n Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ
      Xøm-dm-°p-∂p.

tNmZyw : eLpIpdn∏v Xømdm°pI
       Xmsg sImSp-°p∂ \mS≥ ]m´nse hmsamgn `mj-bpsS kwkvImc khn-ti-j-X-I-sf-°p-
dn®v Hcq eLp Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
               ‘t\cw t]mbv t\cw t]mbv
               ]qss°X ad ]‰n
               ImewtImgn sImft°mgn
               XØn XØn®mSpt∂
               G\-hn-sS-s®-∂∏w
               sI´m-∏pc sI´nt®
               G\-hnsS sN∂∏w
               IpØm°pfw IpØnt®
               AcsØm-≠v I≈pw X∂v
               sIm√ms°me sNøn-Wtbm
               Ac-ap-dn-°-cn°pw X∂v
               sIm√m-s°me sNø-Wntbm
               Ac-ap-dn-°-cn°pw \∂v
               sIm√m-s°me sNø-Wntbm?
kvtIm¿ : 4 /kabw : 5 an\n´v / Ac-t∏Pv
hne-bn-cpج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     hmsam-gn-bpsS kmwkvIm-cnI khn-ti-j-XIƒ Is≠-Øp∂Xn\v         ˛      (3)
       ˛     Ah-X-c-W-ssien°v                                           ˛      (1)
                            BsI                                                4

CO:   `mjm-t`Z amXr-I-Iƒ tiJ-cn-°p-∂p.

tNmZyw : ]´n-Is∏Sp-Øp-I.
       hnZym-e-b-Øne Iem-km-ln-Xy-thZn ]pd-Øn-d-°p∂ {]mtZ-inI `mjm seIvkn-°-\n¬ Dƒs∏-
Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\m-bn, \nß-fpsS {]tZ-isØ Im¿jnI hyh-ÿ-bp-ambn _‘-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ \mev \mS≥
]Z-߃, Ah-bpsS am\-I-cq-]w, {]tbm-K-k-µ¿`w F∂nh Dƒs∏sS Hcp ]´n-I-bmbn Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6/ kabw : 5 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛       ]Zw, A¿∞w, {]tbm-K-k-µ¿`w F∂nhbpsS hniZoIcWØn\v                 (6)

CO:   `mjm-t`Z amXr-I-Iƒ tiJ-cn-°p-Ibpw A]-{K-Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.

tNmZyw : A\y-`m-jm-]-Z-߃ Is≠Øp-I.
       Hcp ]{X-°p-dn-∏n¬ \n∂p≈ `mK-amWv Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. \ΩpsS `c-W-`m-j-bp-
ambn _‘-s∏´ \nc-h[n ]Z-߃ Cu Ipdn-∏n¬ ImWmw. Ch-bn¬ an°Xpw Ad-_n-˛-t]-gvky≥
`mj-I-fn¬ \n∂pw ae-bm-f-Øn-tebv°p IS-∂p-h-∂-h-bm-Wv. \mep ]Z-߃ Is≠Øn Hcp ]´n-I-
bmbn Fgp-Xp-I.
       ‘CSp°n Pn√-bnse tZhn-Ipfw Xmeq-°n¬, Ge-Irjn \S-Øp-∂-Xn-\mbn ]q™m¿ cmPmhv
hn´p-sIm-SpØ Adp-]-Ø-øm-bncw G°-dn-epƒs∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv, ]nSn-s®-SpØ Ccp-]-Ø©v sk‚ v `qan-
sb∂v tZhn-Ipfw Xl-kn¬Zm¿ Adn-bn-®p. apºv k¿°m¿ \S-Ønb AZm-e-Øn¬ Cu tIkv h∂n-
cps∂¶nepw X≈n-t∏m-hp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.’
kvtIm¿ 4/kabw : 5 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     ]c-Iob `mjm-]-Z-߃ Xnc-s™-Sp-°p-∂p.                  (4)

CO:   `mjm-t`Z hn⁄m-\o-b-Øns‚ {]mY-anI Xe-߃ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : _‘-kq-NI ]Z-߃ Is≠-Øp-I.
       ae-bm-f-Øn¬ hyXykvX PmXn-aX hn`m-K-߃°n-S-bn¬ _‘pXzw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v D]-
tbm-Kn-°p∂ c≠p ]Z-߃ I≠Øn Ah GXp {]tZiw/hn`m-K-Øn-emWp {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≈sX∂v
hy‡-am-°p-I.
               DZm:   ]nXm-hns\ kqNn-∏n-°m≥   _m∏ (ap-…ow)
                                              A-∏≥ ({In-kvXy≥)
                                              A—≥ (ln-µp)
kvtIm¿: 4/kabw: 5 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛    c≠p ]Z-ß-fpsS `mjm-t`-Z-߃ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v            (4)

CO:   `mjm-t`-Z-hn-⁄m-\o-b-Øns‚ {]mtbm-KnI Xe-߃ ]cn-N-b-∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\v.
      hnh¿Ø-\-Øn‚ {]m[m\yw Xncn-®-dn™v AXn¬ {]mtbm-Kn-I-tijn ssIh-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw :     Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
      ssh°w apl-ΩZv _jo-dns‚ ‘‚p∏p-∏ms°mcm-t\-≠m¿∂v’ F∂ t\mh-ens‚ Cw•ojv ]cn-
`mj ‘My grandfather had an elephant’ F∂√ ‘me grandad’d an elephant’ F∂mWv .
       {]mtZ-inI `mjm-cq-]-ß-fpsS hnh¿Ø\w t\cn-Sp∂ Hcp {]iv\-sØ-bmWv tUm. Bj¿
Cu hnh¿Ø-\-Øn-eqsS adn-I-S-°m≥ {ian-®-Xv. CØcw ]Z-{]-tbm-K-ß-fpsS hnh¿Ø-\-Øn¬ t\cn-
Sp∂ {]iv\-ß-sf-°p-dn®v DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw Hcp Ipdn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an\n´v /Ac-∏pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛      `mjm-t`-Z-߃ Ffp-∏-Øn¬ hnh¿Ø-\-Øn\p hg-ßp-∂-h-b√ F∂p
              Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p≠v                            (3)
       ˛      DZm-l-cW klnXw CXv hni-Z-am-°n-bn-´p≠v       (3)
                                  BsI                      6

CO:   hmsamgn i‡n Xncn-®-dn™v Ahsb ASn-ÿm-\-am°n Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : eLq-]-\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
           Why not let me speak in any language I like ?
           The language / speak becomes mine
           It’s distortions, queernesses all mine
           mine alone
                                        - Kamala Das
               (distortions - hf-®p-sI-´-ep-Iƒ queernesses - sshI-ey-߃)
        F¥p t]mcm-bva-I-fp-s≠-¶nepw Xs‚ `mj Xt‚Xp am{X-am-sW-∂p {]Jym-]n-°p∂ Ia-em-
Zmkpw ‘B¿°pthWw \ns‚ BJymXw ? \ns‚ semUp-°qkv hymI-cWw’ Fs∂ms° `mj-
                                                                         - -
bnse ip≤n-hm-ZsØ Ifn-bm-°p∂ _jodpw `mj-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ X\-Xmb ImgvN∏m-Sp-IfmWv apt∂m-
´p-sh-bv°p-∂-Xv.
       Cu Bi-bsØ Xmsg X∂n-´p≈ kqN-\-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ hni-Z-am-°n-s°m≠v Hcp
eLq-]-\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kqN-\-Iƒ:
       ˛     `mj hy‡n-Xz-Øns‚ AS-bm-f-am-Wv.
       ˛     sshImcnI kµ¿`-ß-fmWv kmln-Xy-`m-j-bpsS kz`mhw \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xv.
       ˛     am\I `mjbv°p am{X-a√ hmsamgn `mjbv°pw AXn-t‚-Xmb Nmcp-X-bp-≠v.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw : 10 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     kqN-\-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Bi-bsØ hnI-kn-∏n-®n-´p≠v   (6)
                                   bqWn‰v : 4

                                    cwK-Ie
CO:   Iem-cq]-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-Iƒ hni-I-e\w sNbvXp {]_‘w
      Xømd-dm-°p-I.
      hnhn[ kmln-Xy-c-N-\-I-fnse kmaq-lnI {]k-‡n-bp≈ hnj-b-߃ Is≠Øn
      ]T-\-߃ Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : kwhm-Z-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       CXn-lm-k-߃, ]pcm-W-߃ F∂n-h-bnse IYm-]m-{X-ßsf B[p-\nI a\p-jys‚ kz`m-
h-k-hn-ti-j-X-Iƒ \¬In-bpw, Dd-®p-t]mb cq]-`mh k¶¬]-ß-fn¬ \n∂v am‰n Nn{Xo-I-cn®pw
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xns‚ HuNn-Xy-sØ-°p-dn®v A\p-Iq-ent®m {]Xn-Iq-ent®m Hcp kwhm-Z-°p-dn∏v
Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kqN-\-Iƒ:
       -˛     ]S-sbm-cp°w F∂ ]mT-`m-K-Ønse cmh-Ws‚ Ah-X-cWw
kvtIm¿: 6 /~Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃
       ˛      hnj-b-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ kmam-\ym-ib {KlWw \S-Øn-bn-´p≠v       (2)
       ˛      hmZ-K-Xn-Iƒ kbp-‡nIw ka¿∞n-®n-´p≠v                       (4)
                                             BsI                       6

CO:   Iem-cq-]-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ kmlnXyw hni-I-e\w sNøp-∂-Xn-\v.
      cwK-I-e-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ ]cn-io-e\w t\Sp-Ibpw Ah hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ tijn
      hnI-kn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.
       am\n-\n-am¿ auen-atW (kv{Xo-Iƒ°v intcm-cXv\-am-bp-≈-h-tf)
       B\-\-\n-µn-X-Nt{µ (B-\-\-Øm¬ N{µs\ \nµn®h-tf) IoN-I-h[w B´-°-Y-bn¬
kptZjvW amen-\nsb kwt_m-[\ sNøp∂ ]Z-ß-fm-Wn-h. kpµ-cn-sb∂p ]d-tb-≠n-SØv Cu
]Z-߃ tN¿ØXv IY-Ifn F∂ cwK-I-e-bpsS khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ°v Cu ]Z-߃ klm-b-I-am-Ip-
∂p-sa∂v I≠n-´mWv. hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 4
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛ ]Z-߃ IY-I-fn-bnse \rXym-`n-\-b-Øn\v tN¿∂-Xm-sW∂p Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. (4)

CO:   Iem-cq-]-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ kmlnXyw hni-I-e\w sNbvXp {]_‘w Xømdm°pI.

tNmZyw : \ncq-]Ww sNøpI
      kn.-F≥. {ioI-WvT≥ \mb-cpsS e¶m-e£van F∂ \mS-I-Ønse cmh-W-s‚ IYm-]m{X
hy‡n-Xz-Øn¬ \nßsf G‰hpw BI¿jn® kz`m-h-k-hn-ti-jX DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw \ncq]Ww
sNøp-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛    \mS-I-Ønse IYm-]m{X hy‡nXzw Dƒs°m≠n´p≠v           (4)
       ˛    DZm-l-cW klnXw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v                 (2)

CO:    Iem-cq-]-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ kmlnXyw hni-I-e\w sNbvXv {]_‘w Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       kn.-F≥. {ioI-WvT≥ \mb-cpsS e¶m-ejvan F∂ \mSIw IY-Ifn cq]-Øn¬ Bhn-jv°-cn-
°p-tºmƒ \jvS-am-Ip-∂Xv AXns‚ Fs¥ms° khn-ti-j-X-I-fm-bn-cn°pw ?
kqN\ :        IY-I-fn-bn¬ hmNn-Im-`n-\-b-Øn\v {]m[m-\y-an-√.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an\n´v /Ac-∏pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛      e¶m-e£van \mS-I-Øns‚ Kmw`o-cy-Øn-\-Sn-ÿm\w IYm-]m{X kw`m-j-W-ß-fmWv
              F∂v Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p≠v                             (4)
       ˛      IYm-]m-{X-ß-fpsS Bflmwiw Bhn-jv°-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ kw`m-j-W-Øns‚ {]m[m\yw
              Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p-≠v.                               (2)
                                  BsI                           6

CO:   Iem-cq-]-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ kmlnXyw hni-I-e\w sNøp-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : IYm-]m{X \ncq-]Ww Xøm-dm-°p-I.
        Hcp cmPm-sh∂ \ne-bn¬ cmh-W-\n¬ ImWm-hp∂ Nne khn-ti-j-X-I-fmWv Xmsg \¬In-
bn-´p-≈-Xv.
        ˛      hwi-a-ln-a-bn-ep≈ AN-©-e-amb hnizmkw
        ˛      kz¥w ]£Øp \n¬°p-∂-h-sc-°p-dn-®p≈ A`n-am-\w.
        ˛      Xs‚ hy‡n-]-c-amb t\´-sØ-°mƒ cmPy-Øns‚ Db¿®-bn-ep≈ Xm¬]-cyw.
        ˛      hf¿∂p h∂ hgn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ Hm¿Ω.
        ˛      hy‡n-_-‘-Øn-ep-]-cn-bm-bp≈ cmPy-Xm¬]-cyw.
        cmPm-sh∂ \ne-bn¬ cmh-W-\n¬ Is≠-Øm-hp∂ {][m-\-s∏´ c≠p kz`m-h-k-hn-ti-j-X-
Iƒ DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw hni-Z-am°ns°m≠v IYm-]m{X \ncq-]Ww Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 /kabw:10 an./ Hcp-]pdw

hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
            ˛     DNn-X-amb kqN-\-Iƒ Xnc-s™-Sp-Øn-´p≠v (2)
            ˛     DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw hni-Z-am-°n-bn-´p≠v (4)
                               BsI                     6
                                   bqWn‰v : 5
                           hni-I-e-\-Nn-¥-Iƒ
CO:   B[p-\nI sNdp-I-Y-Iƒ hni-I-e\w sNbvXv \ncq-]Ww Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : \ncq-]Ww Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       ‘em`w apJy ]cn-K-W-\-bmbn amdp-Ibpw a\p-jy-_-‘-߃ I®-h-S-®-c-°mbn A[x-]-Xn-°p-
Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≈ ]pØ≥ hmWnPy kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ kΩ¿±-ß-fn¬s∏´v C´p-Æn-\m-b-sc-t∏m-
ep≈ ]g-©-∑m¿°v ASn-bdshbvt°≠n hcp∂Xv Ah-cpsS kc-f-amb Pohn-X-ssi-en-bm-Wv.’ Cu
A`n{]mb- Ø ns‚ ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ πm- Ã nIv F∂ IY hni- I - e \w sNbvXv Hcp \ncq-]Ww
Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 8 / -k-abw: 15 an\n´v /H∂-c-∏pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛      πmÃnIv F∂ IY-bpsS tI{µ-{]-tabw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.                (2)
       ˛               - -           -                         -
              {]kvXm-h\bnse Bi-bßsf IY-bp-ambn CW°n hni-Ie\w sNbvXn-´p-≠.v (4)
       ˛      Bi-b-ßsf bp‡n-k-l-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v                      (2)
                             BsI                                             8

CO:   B\p-Im-enI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXv ]T\w
      Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       ‘i_vZn°p∂ Ie-∏-bnse Hutk-∏p-am-∏n-fbpw πmÃn-°nse C´p-Æn-\m-bcpw ]gb aqey-
߃ apdpsI ]nSn-°p∂ ]g©≥amcm-Wv. B[p-\nI Pohn-X-aq-ey-ß-tfmSv s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sm≥ Ign-
                          - -  -            -                      -
bmØXmWv Ch-cpsS ]cm-PbIm-cWw.’ Cu A`n-{]m-btØmSv \nß-fpsS {]Xn-IcWw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kpN-\-IĔ:
       -˛    Im¿jnI kwkvIm-c-tØm-Sp≈ B`n-apJyw
       ˛     {]Ir-Xn-bp-am-bp≈ _‘w
       ˛     ]mc-ºcyw hn´p-am-dm-\p≈ aSn.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw :10 an\n´v/ Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛                         -
             c≠p IYm]m{X-ßsfbpw Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv khn-ti-jXIƒ    - -
             Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.                                             (3)
       ˛     DNn-X-ambn kz¥w A`n-{]m-b-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.            (3)
                                   BsI                                    6

CO:   B\p-Im-enI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI hna¿i-\-Xew Is≠Øn Ipdn-∏p Xøm-dm-
      °p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : \nK-a-\-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I.
               ""]d-bm-\m-tam-cpNn
               t`Z-߃ Cub-—\pw
               aI-tf-\obpw XΩn¬
               F{X-am-º-g-°m-e˛
               aIew ico-c-Øn¬
               cpNn-bn¬ a\-€nepw''
         ico-c-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ ImgvN-∏m-Sn¬, cpNn-bn¬, a\-€n¬ Ch-bn-sems° {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂
Xe-ap-d-I-fpsS hnShv ka-Im-enI kaq-l-Øn¬ F{X-am{Xw {]I-S-amWv? \nß-fpsS \nK-a-\-߃
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an\n´v/ Hcp-]pdw
       -
kqN-\Iƒ:
         ˛      a\-€n-\p-]-Icw ico-c-Øns‚ Xr]vXn-bn¬ Du∂p∂ {]h-W-X.
         ˛      kzm`m-hnI cpNn-I-fn-e-√, Ir{Xn-a-cp-Nn-I-fn¬ Xm¬]-cyw.
         ˛      B¿{ZX \jvS-am-hp∂ a\-€v.
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
         -˛     ]g-b-Im-e-sØbpw C∂-sØbpw kmaq-lnI {]h-W-X-Iƒ Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p-≠v. (3)
         ˛      kz¥w \nK-a-\-߃ bp‡n-]q¿∆w Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.                   (3)
                                                                   BsI             6

CO:   hnhn[ hnj-b-ß-fn¬ X\n-a-bp≈ \nco-£-W-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       πmÃn-°nse IdpØ IÆ-S-°m-c-s\-°p-dn®v IY-bn¬ Xs∂-bp≈ Nne kqN-\-Iƒ Xmsg
                             -                 - -                   -
sImSp-°p-∂p. Ah-sb ASn-ÿm-\am°n \nß-fpsS \nco-£W߃ Hcp Ipdn-∏mbn Ah-Xcn-∏n-°p-I.
       ˛     "\ns‚ Iftkmw IÆtSw I≠-t∏mƒ Rm≥ \nco®v \nøv _nem-Øo∂v hczm-∂v.'
       ˛     t]cn√
       ˛     Bcpw Abm-fpsS IÆp-Iƒ I≠n-´n-√.
kvtIm¿: 4/ Ac∏pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
             ˛     kqN-\-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\Øn¬ Bibw hni-Z-am°nbn´p-≠v.     (3)
             ˛     kz¥w \nco-£-Ww ka¿∞n-°p-∂p≠v                         (1)
                                BsI                                     4

CO:   tiJ-cn® hnh-c-߃ {]tbm-P-\-s∏-SpØn D]-\ym-k-߃ Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : {]_‘w Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       ‘]gbIme kwkvIr-Xn-s°m∏w \jvS-am-hp∂aqey-߃’ F∂ hnj-bsØ ASn-ÿm-\-am°n
Hcp {]_‘w Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       ˛       ]gb Xe-apd Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn® aqey-߃
       ˛       ]pXpXe-ap-d-bn¬ hf¿∂p-h-cp∂ at\m-`m-hw.
       (am-º-g-°m-ew, πmÃn-Iv, i_vZn-°p∂ Ie∏ F∂o cN-\-Isf ASn-ÿm-\-am°n thWw
       cN\ \S-Øm≥)
kvtIm¿:6/10 an\n´v /Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ]mT-`m-K-ß-fp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v Bi-b-߃ ^e-{]-Z-ambn Bhn-jv°-cn-®n-´p≠v. (4)
       X\n-a-bp≈ \nco-£-W-߃ D≠v.                                           (2)
                                         BsI                                6

CO:   B[p-\nI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXp ]T\w
      Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.
tNmZyw : Bkzm-Z\w Xøm-dm-°p-I.
                 Xntcm-[m\w
IdpØ KW-Km-b-I≥
sSen-hn-js‚ NpSp-Nm-\-en¬
]nS-bv°p-ap-S-en-∂Iw
IpS-ep-ame IpSbpw ]Sn
        aIs‚ ]pXp-I-Æn\n
        °nSneamWp-t]m-ep-’hw
        Ahs‚ sNhn tIƒ°-bn˛
        √n\n-bp-dp-ºp-X≥ `mj-Ww.
Ahs‚ samgn-bmw-Kew
AXp \n\-bv°ntem k¶Sw
F\n°p ]I-cn-√-h≥
ac-W-Ime cmam-bWw
        apSn™ ae-bm-f-ta,
        ape-]-dn® ]c-tZ-h-tX,
        \n\°p ic-Ww, alm˛
        _en-b-S™ ]mXm-ftam?
                                  ˛ _me-N-{µ≥ Np≈n-°mSv
       Ihn-X-bpsS kmaq-ln-I-hn-a¿i\ Xew Is≠Øn Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
              ˛    Ihn-X-bpsS Bibw Dƒs°m-≠n-´p≠v                    (4)
              ˛    kmaq-ly-hn-a¿i-\-Xew Is≠Øn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v    (4)
                                  BsI                               8

CO:    N¿®-I-fnepw kwhm-Z-ß-fnepw ]s¶-SpØv kzm`n-{]mbw {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : kzm`n-{]mbw Ipdn-°p-I.
                       -                            -
       Hmtcm Iem-cq-]߃°pw AXn-t‚-Xmb km[y-XIfpw ]cn-an-Xn-Ifpw D≠v F∂n-cns° Ihn-X,
Nn{X- I - e , kwKoXw XpS- ß nb Iem- c q- ] - ß sf Xmc- X ayw sNbv X v H∂p as‰m- ∂ n- t \- ° mƒ
anI®XmsW∂p hmZn-°p-∂Xv icn-bmtWm? \nß-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-߃ DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw hy‡-
am-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an\n´v /Hcp-]pdw
kqN-\-Iƒ:
       ˛        Nn{X-I-e-bpsS `mj km¿∆-P-\o-\-am-Wv.
       ˛        kmln-Xy-Øn\v Ime]cn-an-Xn-bn-√.
       ˛                                                                 v  -
                F√m Ie-Ifpw kwKoXw krjvSn-°p∂ ebm-flI A\p-`q-Xn-bn-te-b°p-bcm≥ {ian-°p-∂p.
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN--I߃:
       -˛                     -                            - -              -
                Hmtcm Iem-cq-]߃°pw X\-Xmb khn-ti-jXIƒ Ds≠∂v Xncn-®dn-™n-´p-≠v. (4)
       ˛        kz¥w A`n-{]m-b-߃ bp‡n-`-{Z-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.                  (2)
                                             BsI                                       6

CO:    B\p-Im-enI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXv ]T\w
       Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       kmln-Xy-c-N-\-I-fn¬ {]I-S-am-Ip∂ [z\n, HuNn-Xyw, ht{Im‡n Ch Is≠Øn
       hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.
tNmZyw : \ncq-]-W-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       k®n-Zm-\-µs‚ ‘Hcp-Zn-hkw’ F∂ Ihn-X-bn¬ hcpw-Ime Zpc-¥-Øns‚ Hcm-i¶ Ah-X-cn-∏n-
°p-I-bm-Wv. Ihn-X-bnse Bibw Dƒs°m≠v Hcp \ncq-]-W-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 8 / k-abw: 15 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
                       Hcp Znhkw
                 \K-c-ambn amdnb \m´n≥]p-dsØ tdmUv
                 tI_n-fp-Iƒ \∂m-°m≥ Ipgn-®-t∏mƒ
                 ]Wn-°m-c\v Hcp t…‰p-I-jWw In´n
                 AXn¬ ‘I’ Fs∂-gp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p.
                 Fgp-sØ-s¥-∂-dn-bm≥ AX-bmƒ
                 \K--c-Ønse G‰hpw {]mbw-sN∂
                 Imc-W-hsc ImWn-®p.
                 Ft¥m Hm¿Ø-t]mse Abmƒ
                 ]g-sbmcp s]´n-°Snbn¬ InS∂
                 ‘A≤ym-fl-cm-am-bWw’ s]mSn-X-´n-sb-SpØp
                 ]d™p: ‘ho´n∂p Xd-sb-Sp-°m≥ Ipgn-®-t∏mƒ
                 apØ-—\p In´nb ]pkvX-I-Øn¬
                 Cß-s\-sbt¥m I≠n-´p-≠v.
                 F\n-°nXp hmbn-°m-\-dn-bn-√.’
                 BfpIƒ h´w-Iq-Sn-bn-cp∂v
                 cmam-b-W-Øn¬ ]c-Xn.
                 AXn¬ ]e-bn-SØpw Ah¿ B A£cw I≠p.
                 Iq´-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ Hc-[ym-]-I≥
                 ]d™p: ‘]≠p ]≠v
                 ‘ae-bmfw’ F∂ Hcp hs´-gpØp* `mj-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.
                 B `mj-bnse ‘K’ BWv CXv.
                 ]ns∂-∏ns∂ B `mj
                 Bcpw Fgp-Xm-Xm-bn, ]ns∂ kwkm-cn-°m-Xmbn
                 Hcp-Im-eØv B `mj-bn¬
                 PmX-Ihpw ]©mw-Khpw am{X-a-√,
                 IYbpw Ihn-X-bp-sams° D≠m-bn-cp-∂-s{X.
                 Ct∏mƒ AXp hmbn-°m-\-dn-bp-∂-h-cm-cp-an-√.
                 AXnse Nne hm°p-Iƒ am{Xw
                 \ΩpsS `mj-bmb Cw•o-jn¬ Ib-dn-°qSn
                 ac-WsØ AXnPohn-®p.’
*hs´-gpØv ˛ {]mNo\ tIc-fob en]n.
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃
       ˛      Ihn-X-bnse kmam-\ym-ib Xew Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v         (4)
       ˛      Ihn-X-bnse kmaq-ln-I-{]iv\w Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p≠v     (2)
       ˛      X\n-a-bp≈ \nco-£-W-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v          (2)
                             BsI                                8
CO:   Nm¿´p-Iƒ, ]´n-I-Iƒ F∂nh hni-I-e\w sNøp-∂-Xn-\v.

tNmZyw : ]´nI ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-I.

                          Nn{XIe/in¬]Ie             ImhyIe
              D]IcWw       h¿Æhpw tcJIfpw              ....

              Imew                ....         Ime{Iaa\pkcn®v


hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
-           ˛     DNn-X-ambn c≠pw ]qcn-∏n-®n-´p≠v             2x2=4

CO:      B\p-Im-enI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXv ]T\w
        Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.
tNmZyw : Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
            ""B¿°pta hg-ßmØ amhp-Iƒ C—-bvs°m-Øp˛
            imJ-Iƒ Ipe-®-h¿ thcp-Iƒ ]S¿Øn-tbm¿
            NIn-tcy≥, Nt°≥, ap´n-°p-Sn-tb≥, aqhm-≠≥
            tXs\m-en-tb≥ F∂n-ßs\ ]g-©≥ t]cm¿∂-h¿
            NpW-b-∑mcmw \m´p-Im-cyÿ {]am-Wn-am¿
            XWte X߃°p≈ [\-sa-s∂-Æp-∂-h¿''
        ˛ {]Ir-Xn-bvs°m∏w ]gbIme a\p-jy-cpsS Pohn-X-t_m[w IqSn-bmWv Ihn ChnsS Bhn-
-jv°-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Ah Fs¥∂v hni-I-e\w sNbvXv Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 4/ kabw : 5 an\n´v /Ac-∏pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
               ˛      Imhy-`m-K-Øns‚ A]-{K-Y\w       (3)
               ˛      \nco-£-W-ß-fpsS X\na           (1)
                            BsI                      4

CO:      B\pIm-enI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXv ]T\w
         Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn-\v.
tNmZyw : {]Xn-I-c-W-°p-dn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.
                ˛     A-dn-bp-t¥mdpw ]pXp-X-e-ap-dsb ]pfn-°p-I.
                ˛     \m´p-Im-cyÿ {]am-Wn-am-cmb amhp-Iƒ°p ]Icw
                      ]´-W-Ønse Iºn-°m-ep-Iƒ
                ˛     Nqcpw NpW-bp-ap≈ cpNn-Iƒ°p ]Icw
                      anTm-bn-bpsS Ir{Xna a[p-cw.
                ˛     ]ns∂bpw apf-®p-h-cm-\mbn aÆn-te-bvs°-dn-bp∂
                      amßm-b-≠n°p ]Icw D]-tbm-Kn-®-Xn-\p-tijw
                      hen-s®-dn-bp∂ s]m≈-bmb IqSv
         F∂n-ß-s\-bmWv amº-g-°m-e-Øn¬ ]pXp-X-e-ap-d-I-fpsS Xm¬]-cy-ßsf Ihn FSp-Øp-Im-
´p-∂-Xv. Ihn-bpsS ho£-WsØ hna¿i-\-hn-t[-b-am°n \nß-fpsS {]Xn-I-c-W-߃ Hcp Ipdn-∏mbn
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I.
kvtIm¿ : 6 / kabw : 10 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛    kqN-\-I-fnse Bibw Xncn-®-dn™v   Ihn-X-bp-ambn _‘n-∏n®v kzm`n-{]mbw
            ÿm]n-°p-∂Xn\v                   (4)
       ˛    \nco-£-W-ß-fnse X\nabv°v        (2)
                  BsI                       6

CO:   B\p-Im-enI Ihn-X-I-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ kmaq-lnI ho£Ww hni-I-e\w sNbvXv ]T\w
      Xøm-dm-°p-I.
      ˛      `mjm-]-c-amb khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ, B≤ym-\-]-c-amb {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ F∂nh Is≠Øn
             {]_-‘-߃ cNn-°p-I.
      ˛      kmln-Xy-c-N-\-I-fn¬ {]I-S-am-Ip∂ [z\n, HuNn-Xyw, ht{Im‡n Ch Is≠Øn
             hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.

tNmZyw : D]\ymkw Xømdm°pI
                   IhnX
              AΩ F∂v hnfn-°-s∏-Sp∂
              Pohnsb
              \n߃ a°ƒ CubnsS
              Ft∏m-sg-¶nepw kq£n®p t\m°ntbm?
              Fs¥mcp am‰w!
              apSn t\¿Øp, \c-®p, \SØw
              {]£p-_v[-amb IS-en¬
              Nm™pw Ncn™pw \oßp∂
              I∏-ens\ Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°pt∂m?
              Ah-cpsS IW-¶m-ep-Iƒ
              saen-™n-cn-°p∂p
              Im¬∏-Øn-Iƒ \oe®n-cn-°p∂p
              CØnƒ t]mse-bn-cp∂
              Im¬\-J-߃ Idp-Øn-cn-°p∂p
              Ah-cpsS I¨X-S-Øn¬
              I◊-jn-∏m-Sp-I-fn√
              s\‰n-bn¬ knµq-c-an√
              hkv{X-Øn¬ I™n-∏-i-bn√
              hd-°Øv sI´-h-sf∂v
              A]-cn-Nn-X¿°v tXm∂n-t∏mIpw
              Ah¿ kpa-ø-bmImw
              Ia-e-bmImw
              As√-¶n¬ sIm®p-t{Xky
              {]k-h-tijw AΩ-sb-∂-t]-cn¬ am{Xw
              Adn-b-s∏-´-h-fm-Wt√m Ah¿
              aq{Xw \\® hncn-bn¬
              kzbw InS-∂-hƒ
              O¿±nbpw aehpw tImcn-°-f-™-hƒ
              ]co-£m-^okv sImSp-°m\pw
                tcmK-im-¥n°pw
                hnhm-l-tLm-j-Øn\pw
                hf-Iƒ Ducn hn‰-hƒ
                Im¥n-sI´ Xd-hm-´p-hn-f-°v, Ah¿
                {]am-Wn-I-fm-bvØo¿∂ a°sf
                iey-s∏-Sp-Øm≥
                Hcn-°-epw, Hcn-°epw C—n-°m-Ø-h¿
                a°sf `b-°p-∂-hƒ
                \n{Zm-hn-lo\
                ]pe-cnbpw cmhmbn ImWp-∂-hƒ
                a°sf sXmSp-hm≥ t]mepw
                `mKyw e`n-°m-Ø-hƒ
                AΩ
                hnip≤ Pohn.
                                          ˛ am[-hn°p´n
       apI-fn¬ sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ Ihn-X-bnepw "tImemSv' F∂ am[-hn-°p-´n-bpsS IY-bnepw Htc-
{]iv\w Xs∂-bmWv Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. AXns‚ ImenI {]k-‡n-bn¬ Du∂n-s°m≠v Hcp
D]-\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 8 / kabw: 15 an\n´v / Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛      Ihn-X-bn-sebpw IY-bn-sebpw kmam-\ym-i-b-Xew Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p≠v     (3)
       ˛      hnj-b-Øns‚ ka-Im-en-I-{]-k‡n Dƒs°m-≠n-´p≠v                        (3)
       ˛      DNnXamb DZm-l-c-W-߃/kµ¿`-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v                   (2)
                                   BsI                                          8
                                    bqWn‰v : 6

                               hm¿Øm-temIw
CO:    ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ ASn-ÿm\ [mc-W-Iƒ ssIh-cn-°p-I.

tNmZyw : Imc-W-߃ Is≠-Øp-I.
       ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\ inev]-im-e-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-hm-s\-Ønb apXn¿∂ ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I≥ ‘]{X{]-
h¿Ø\w Hcp kmaq-lnI {]h¿Ø-\-amWv’ F∂v A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p.
AXn-t\mSv \n߃ tbmPn-°p-∂pthm? \nß-fpsS \ne-]m-Sn\v ASn-ÿm-\-amb aq∂v Imc-W-߃
Nq≠n-°m-´p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 5 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
\ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ°-Sn-ÿm-\amb 3 bp‡n-klamb Imc-W߃ hy‡-am-°p-∂Xn\v ˛
                     -            - -           -              -        (3x2=6)

CO:   kmaq-ly-\∑ e£y-am-°n-bn-´p≈ Bi-b-{]-Nm-c-W-Øn-\mbn ]c-ky-߃, ]c-ky-hm-N-I-߃,
      ktµiw F∂nh cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-I.

tNmZyw : ]c-ky-hm-N-I-߃ Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       πmÃnIv \ntcm-[n-®Xv \n߃ Adn-™n-cn-°p-a-t√m. s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øn\v KpW-]-c-amb ^e-
߃ \¬Im≥ Ignbp∂ ‘πmÃnIv \n¿Ωm¿÷\ b⁄w’ hnPbn-∏n-°m≥ A\p-Kp-W-amb aq∂v ]c-
ky-hm-N-I-߃ Xøm-dm-°p-I.
                                                              kvtIm¿:6 / kabw:7 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛     Bi-b-k-a-{K-X, kw£n-]vX-X, X\na F∂n-h-bp≈ 3 hmIy-߃°v (3x2=6 kvtIm¿)

CO:   {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ FUn-‰nw-Kv, {]q^v doUnw-Kv, teHu-´v, Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ F∂n-h-
      bn¬ ]cn-io-e\w t\Sp-I.

tNmZyw : hm¿Ø Xøm-dm-°pI
       Hcmƒ ]{X Hm^o-kn-tebv°v sSen-t^m-Wn-eqsS \S-Ønb kw`m-j-W-Øns‚ enJnXcq]w
Xmsg sImSp-°p-∂p. hmbn®p t\m°n DNn-X-amb hm¿Øm-°p-dn∏v Xøm-dm-°p-I.
˛ ltem, ]{XteJ-I-\t√?
-˛ AtX, Bcm hnfn-°pt∂ ?
-˛ NmcpwaqSv, tZim-`n-am\n {KŸ-im-e-bpsS sk{I-´-dn-bm.
˛ B, km¿ F¥m Imcyw ?
˛ C∂v sse{_-dn-lm-fn¬h®v \S∂ ap≠-t»cn Zn\m-N-c-W-Øns‚ hm¿Ø sImSp-°p-hm-\m-Wv.
˛ icn ]dbq Ft∏mgm-bn-cp∂p ?
                                                                         -
˛ cmhnse 10 aWn°v. ]©m-bØv {]knU‚m-bn-cp∂p A≤y-£≥. sse{_-dn-bpsS sk{I-´dn kzmKXw
]d™p. ÿew hm¿Uv saº¿ {io. ss_Pp. F≥. kwkm-cn-®p. slUvam-ÿ {io. Al-ΩZv Ip´n
ap≠-t»cn amjn-s\-°p-dn®v Hcp ¢ms€-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. sset{_-dn-b≥ \µn ]d-™p.
˛ DZvLm-S-I≥ ]d™ Imcy-ß-sf-s¥-¶nepw Hm¿Ω-bpt≠m?
˛ ap≠-t»cn amÃ-dpsS Nn¥-Iƒ°pw {]h¿Ø-\-߃°pw C∂v Gsd {]k-‡n-bp-≠v. hnZym-`ymk
taJ-ebn¬ At±lw ssIs°m≠ [oc-amb ]e \S-]-Sn-I-fp-sSbpw kZv^-e-ß-fmWv \man-∂-\p-`-hn-
°p-∂Xv Fs∂ms° At±lw ]d-bp-I-bp-≠m-bn.
˛ icn. F{X-t]¿ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.
˛ Adp-]-tXmfw t]¿ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 8 an\n´v /Ac-∏pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
             ˛     A\p-tbm-Py-amb Xe-s°´v      (1)
             ˛     Bib {Iao-I-cWw              (4)
-            ˛     `mj                         (1)
                           BsI                 6

CO:   hnhn[ am[y-a-߃°v Bh-iy-amb hm¿Ø-Iƒ dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ, FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ XpS-ßn-bh
      Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : FUn-t‰m-dnb¬ Xøm-dm-°p-I.
       amXr-`mj c≠mw `mj-bmbn ]cn-an-X-s∏-SpØn ]Tn-bvt°-≠n-h-cp∂ tIc-fob kml-N-cy-
tØm-Sp≈ \nß-fpsS Bi-¶-Ifpw ]cm-Xn-Ifpw ap≥\n¿Øn kvIqƒ ]{X-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥
Hcp FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ Xøm-dm-°pI.
kvtIm¿: 6 / kabw: 10 an. / Hcp ]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
-                  ˛       Bib ka-{KX                           (4)
                   ˛       DNn-X-amb Ah-X-cWw (X-e-s°-´v, `mj) (2)
                                  BsI                           6
CO:   HutZymKnIamb IØpIƒ, hym]mc IØpIƒ, Xpd∂ IØpIƒ, \nthZ\߃,
      Adnbn∏pIƒ XpSßnb hyhlmc cq]߃ Xømdm°pI.

tNmZyw : ]{Xm-[n-]¿°p≈ IØv Xøm-dm-°p-I.
           ‘HmWw {InkvXp-akv ]co-£-Iƒ°p ]Icw
           HIvtSm-_-dn¬ Hcp ]co£ am{Xw.
           Hmtcm bqWn-‰n-s‚bpw Ah-km-\-Øn¬
           A[y-b\ kabw \jvS-s∏-Sp-ØmsX
           ¢m€v sSÃv.’
       apI-fn¬ sImSpØ hm¿Ø-tbm-Sp≈ \nß-fpsS {]Xn-I-cWw ]{Xm-[n-]¿°p≈ IØmbn
Xøm-dm-°p-I.
kvtIm¿: 6 / -k-abw: 10 an\n´v /Hcp-]pdw
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛      hm¿Ø-tbmSv Xt‚-Xmb coXn-bn¬ {]Xn-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. (4)
-      ˛      bp‡n-k-l-ambpw LS\ ]men®pw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. (2)
                                           BsI                6

CO:   Nm¿´p-Iƒ, ]´n-I-Iƒ, Ub{Kw F∂nh hni-I-e\w sNbvXp Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°p-I.

tNmZyw : hm¿Ø Xøm-dm-°p-I.
Xmsg sImSp-Øn-´p≈ c≠p ]´n-I-Iƒ hni-I-e\w sNbvXp Ah-bn¬ shfn-s∏-Sp-∂ hkvXp-X-Iƒ
hy‡-am-°p∂ Hcp ]{X-hm¿Ø Xøm-dm-°p-I.
]´n-I. 1
                                  ]´nI 1
                      tIc-f-Ønse \mWy-hnf hnkvXrXn
                                hnkvXrXn       hnkvXrXn
               \w.   hnf                    iX-am-\-{I-a-Øn¬
                              (e£w slIvS¿)
                1 sXßv            9.0              40
                2 d∫¿             4.8              21
                3 Ipcp-ap-fIv     2.2              10
                4 Ihpßv           1.0              4
                5 Iip-amhv        0.9              4
                6 Im∏n            0.9              4
                7 tXbne           0.4              2
                8 Gew             0.4              2
                   BsI            19.6             87

                                 ]´nI 2
                      tIc-f-Ønse [m\y-hnf hnkvXrXn
                                hnf hnkvXrXn   Irjn-`q-an-bpsS
            \w.      hnf                      iX-am-\-{I-a-Øn¬
                               (e£w slIvS¿)
            1   s\√v                2.9              10
            2 I∏, hmg,
                ]®-°-dn-Iƒ
                ]bdph¿§-߃          0.7              3
                BsI                 3.6              13
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛    {]k-‡-amb hnh-c-߃ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈ Ah-X-c-Ww.          (4)
       ˛    A\p-tbmPy Xe-s°-´v.                                   (1)
       ˛    am[y-a-`mjm ssien.                                    (1)
                         BsI                                      6

CO:   HutZym-KnI IØp-Iƒ, hym]mc°Øp-Iƒ, Xpd∂ IØp-Iƒ XpS-ßnb hyh-lm-c-cq-]-߃
      Xøm-dm-°p-I.
tNmZyw : IØv Xøm-dm-°p-I.
      Xmsg ImWp∂ sXmgn¬]-ckyØnse Hgn-hp-I-fn-tebv°p ]cn-K-Wn-°p-hm≥ A`y¿∞n-°p∂
Hcp IØv Xøm-dm-°p-I.

                          {]mtZ-inI teJ-Is\ Bh-iy-ap-≠v.
          ae-bm-f-Ønse Hcp {]apJ ]{X-Øn\v Icm¿ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]mtZ-inI
          teJ-I-cmbn F√m ÿe-ß-fn-te-bv°pw Hgn-hp-Iƒ D≠v.
                                                     -
          tbmKyX: πkv Sp. c≠mw `mj-bmbn ae-bmfw ]Tn-®h¿°v ap≥K-W\ \¬Ip-
          ∂-Xm-Wv. FgpXn Xøm-dm-°nb At]-£-Iƒ ]{Xm-[n-]¿, ]n.-_n. \º¿: 21,
          sIm®n F∂ hnem-k-Øn¬ 7 Znh-k-Øn-\Iw Ab-bv°p-I.

kvtIm¿: 4 / kabw : 10 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       -˛    {]k-‡-amb hnh-c-߃ Dƒs°m-≈n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ Ah-X-cWw            (3)
       ˛     IØns‚ amXrI                                                (1)
                          BsI                                           4

CO:                                -          -         -                  -
      Nn{X-߃, Im¿´q-Wp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bhbv°v DNn-Xamb io¿j-Ißfpw ASn-°p-dn-∏p-Ifpw \¬Ip-I.
      Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ Nn{Xw hni-I-e\w sNbvXv A¿∞-km-[y-X-Iƒ Is≠Øn Ipdn∏p
      Xøm-dm-°p-I.
tNmZyw : A¿∞km[yXIƒ Is≠ØpI
      Xmsg sImSpØncn°p∂ Nn{Xw hniIe\w sNbvXv A¿∞km[yXIƒ Is≠Øn Ipdn∏v
      Xømdm°pI.




kvtIm¿: 4 / kabw : 5 an\n´v
hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃:
       ˛    Bib {KlWw         (2)
       ˛    io¿jIw            (1)
       ˛    X\nabp≈ \nco£Ww   (1)
                       BsI    4

								
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